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Depression and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637230/perceived-stress-and-its-relationship-with-chronic-conditions-and-multimorbidity-among-229-293-community-dwelling-adults-in-44-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Philip B Ward, Nicola Veronese, André F Carvalho, Marco Solmi, James Mugisha, Simon Rosenbaum, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs
This study assessed the association of chronic conditions and multimorbidity with perceived stress among community-dwelling adults in 44 low- and middle-income countries. Data were analyzed from the World Health Survey (2002-2004) including 229,293 adults. A perceived stress score [range 0 (lowest stress) -100 (highest stress)] was computed based on two questions from the Perceived Stress Scale. Eleven chronic conditions were assessed. Multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the associations...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634720/the-financial-impact-and-drivers-of-hospital-charges-in-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-reconstruction-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-hospital-analysis
#2
Alexandra Bucknor, Anmol Chattha, Klaas Ultee, Winona Wu, Parisa Kamali, Patrick Bletsis, Austin Chen, Bernard T Lee, Claire Cronin, Samuel J Lin
PURPOSE: Rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) have increased over the last decade; it is important for surgeons and hospital systems to understand the economic drivers of increased costs in these patients. This study aims to identify factors affecting charges in those undergoing CPM and reconstruction. METHODS: Analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample was undertaken (2009-2012), identifying women aged ≥18 with unilateral breast cancer undergoing unilateral mastectomy with CPM and immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) (CPM group), in addition to unilateral mastectomy and IBR alone (UM group)...
June 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634202/hemoglobin-a1c-variability-predicts-symptoms-of-depression-in-elderly-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Ramit Ravona-Springer, Anthony Heymann, James Schmeidler, Erin Moshier, Elizabeth Guerrero-Berroa, Laili Soleimani, Mary Sano, Derek Leroith, Rachel Preiss, Ruth Tzukran, Jeremy M Silverman, Michal Schnaider Beeri
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the relationship of variability in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) over years with subsequent depressive symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects (n = 837) were participants of the Israel Diabetes and Cognitive Decline (IDCD) study, which aimed to examine the relationship of characteristics of long-term type 2 diabetes with cognitive decline. All pertain to a diabetes registry established in 1998, which contains an average of 18 HbA1c measurements per subject...
June 20, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632560/preoperative-depression-smoking-and-employment-status-are-significant-factors-in-patient-satisfaction-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#4
Laura Chapin, Kelly Ward, Timothy Ryken
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether comorbidities and demographics, identified preoperatively, can impact patient outcomes and satisfaction after lumbar spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical treatment of lower back pain does not always eliminate a patient's pain and symptoms. Revision surgeries are costly and expose the patient to additional risk. We aim to identify patient characteristics that may suggest a greater or lesser likelihood of postsurgical success by examining patient-reported measures and outcomes after surgery...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629296/atypical-antipsychotic-use-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-maternal-mental-health-service
#5
Susan Hatters Friedman, Charmian Moller-Olsen, Chandni Prakash, Abigail North
Objective Despite many women suffering from psychosis in their childbearing years, limited data exist about the use of atypical antipsychotic agents in pregnancy. Atypical antipsychotic agents are often used to treat bipolar disorder, instead of lithium or valproate because of the known teratogenicity of those agents. As well, atypical antipsychotics are often prescribed in anxiety disorders and depression. This study sought to describe pregnancy outcomes for women prescribed atypical antipsychotics during pregnancy...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629292/increased-blood-pressures-in-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Alireza Khoshdel, Farhad Avakh, Arash Rahmani
Objective Veterans of war affected by posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to compare brachial and central blood pressures between veterans with PTSD and controls. Method In this case-control study on veterans of Iran-Iraq war, 50 veterans with PTSD and 50 veterans as controls were selected from an outpatient clinic and matched for age ±3 years. Exclusion criteria were malignancies, severe anatomical defects such as amputated extremities, history of PTSD before serving in war, comorbid psychiatric disorders other than anxiety or depressive disorders...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627674/mir-200c-serves-an-important-role-in-h5v-endothelial-cells-in-high-glucose-by-targeting-notch1
#7
Yunfeng Zhang, Qiang Guan, Xing Jin
Diabetic vasculopathy is the leading cause of impairment and death in diabetic patients, a variety of factors are involved in its underlying pathological process, however, endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction serves a significant role in the process. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as potential therapeutic candidates, due to their ability to regulate multiple targets involved in ECs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR‑200c in regulating ECs in high glucose condition. To investigate the role of miR‑200c in regulating hyperglycemia induced ECs by targeting Notch1, ECs H5V cells were cultured in high sugar conditions to initiate the inhibition of Notch1, the same cells in normal medium as the control...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625014/comparison-in-executive-function-in-chinese-preterm-and-full-term-infants-at-eight-months
#8
Yao Feng, Hong Zhou, Yan Zhang, Anthony Perkins, Yan Wang, Jing Sun
Executive function (EF) is increasingly recognized as being responsible for adverse developmental outcomes in preterm-born infants. Several perinatal factors may lead to poor EF development in infancy, and the deficits in EF can be identified in infants as young as eight months. A prospective cohort study was designed to study the EF in Chinese preterm infants and examine the relationship between EF in preterm infants and maternal factors during perinatal period. A total of 88 preterm infants and 88 full-term infants were followed from birth to eight months (corrected age)...
June 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623046/real-world-burden-of-comorbidities-in-us-patients-with-psoriasis
#9
Kamal Shah, Lillian Mellars, Arun Changolkar, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Understanding background comorbidity rates in psoriasis can provide perspective for adverse events associated with new therapies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the extent of comorbidities in psoriasis patients by use of the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database. METHODS: MarketScan, comprising commercial claims representative of a large US-insured population, had 1.22 million patients with ≥1 claim with a psoriasis diagnosis between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2014...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622335/psychotic-symptoms-in-older-people-without-dementia-from-a-brazilian-community-based-sample-a-seven-years-follow-up
#10
Walter Barbalho Soares, Eriton Barros Dos Santos, Cássio Machado de Campos Bottino, Helio Elkis
BACKGROUND: Studies of the incidence of psychotic symptoms in elderly people at risk of dementia are scarce. This is a seven year follow up study aiming to determine the incidence of psychotic symptoms and their correlation with other clinical aspects, in particular the rate of development of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Cohort study of a community-based sample of elderly subjects. At study entry in 2004, the sample was composed of 1,125 individuals aged 60 years and older...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622094/self-care-behavior-change-and-depression-among-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-patients-in-safety-net-clinics
#11
Hyunsung Oh, Kathleen Ell, Lawrence A Palinkas
This study examined whether changes in self-care behaviors during a 12-month period predicted the likelihood of screening positive for depression concurrently and prospectively among low-income Hispanic patients with diabetes. Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data collected from a randomized controlled trial that had tested effectiveness of collaborative depression care. We examined whether changes in self-care behaviors observed during the 12 months after baseline predicted the likelihood of screening positive for depression at 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up...
June 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621148/association-between-cognitive-vulnerability-to-depression%C3%A2-%C3%A2-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-glycaemic-control-among-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-a-hospital-in-beijing-a-multivariate-regression-analysis
#12
Yue Ma, Xun Li, Dandan Zhao, Rui Wu, Hongfeng Sun, Shibo Chen, Linyun Wang, Xue Fang, Jin Huang, Xia Li, Ying Zhang, Guangjian Jiang, Dongwei Zhang, Yanyun Pan, Tian An, Yue Shi, Jiacheng Zuo, Na Yu, Sihua Gao
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and cognitive vulnerability to depression (dysfunctional attitudes) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 245 valid records from June 2016 to December 2016 were collected from a hospital in Beijing. Participants were asked to complete four questionnaires (Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, Zung Self-rating Depression Scale, and World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Short Form) to assess mental health and quality of life...
June 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620331/vida1-the-development-and-validation-of-a-new-questionnaire-for-measuring-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Dácil Alvarado-Martel, M Angeles Ruiz Fernández, Maribel Cuadrado Vigaray, Armando Carrillo, Mauro Boronat, Ana Expósito Montesdeoca, Lía Nattero Chávez, Maite Pozuelo Sánchez, Pino López Quevedo, Ana D Santana Suárez, Natalia Hillman, David Subias, Pilar Martin Vaquero, Lourdes Sáez de Ibarra, Didac Mauricio, Pedro de Pablos-Velasco, Francisco J Nóvoa, Ana M Wägner
This study describes the development of a new questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with type 1 diabetes (the ViDa1 questionnaire) and provides information on its psychometric properties. For its development, open interviews with patients took place and topics relevant to patients' HRQoL were identified and items were generated. Qualitative analysis of items, expert review, and refinement of the questionnaire followed. A pilot study (N = 150) was conducted to explore the underlying structure of the 40-item ViDa1 questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619307/pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-group-intervention-in-adolescent-girls-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-with-depressive-symptoms
#14
Lauren B Shomaker, Stephanie Bruggink, Bernadette Pivarunas, Amanda Skoranski, Jillian Foss, Ella Chaffin, Stephanie Dalager, Shelly Annameier, Jordan Quaglia, Kirk Warren Brown, Patricia Broderick, Christopher Bell
OBJECTIVE: (1) Evaluate feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based group in adolescent girls at-risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) with depressive symptoms, and (2) compare efficacy of a mindfulness-based versus cognitive-behavioral group for decreasing depressive symptoms and improving insulin resistance. DESIGN AND SETTING: Parallel-group, randomized controlled pilot trial conducted at a university. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three girls 12-17y with overweight/obesity, family history of diabetes, and elevated depressive symptoms were randomized to a six-week mindfulness-based (n=17) or cognitive-behavioral program (n=16)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617043/eveningness-is-associated-with-greater-depressive-symptoms-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-study-in-two-different-ethnic-cohorts
#15
Sunee Saetung, Hataikarn Nimitphong, Nantaporn Siwasaranond, Areesa Manodpitipong, Stephanie J Crowley, Megan M Hood, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness/eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: T2D patients (n=182) from an endocrinology clinic in Chicago, Illinois and six hospitals in Thailand (n=251) were enrolled. METHODS: Diabetes history was collected...
June 15, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616995/the-hippocampus-and-the-regulation-of-human-food-intake
#16
Richard J Stevenson, Heather M Francis
Human and animal data suggest that the hippocampus plays certain roles in regulating food intake. However, its actual role may be far broader than currently envisaged, a claim suggested by the centrality of the hippocampus to so many aspects of human/animal cognition. Understanding these ingestion-related functions is especially significant. This is because some degree of hippocampal impairment may be quite common, resulting for example from a Western-style diet, insomnia, diabetes, and depression-among many other causes...
June 15, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615771/comparative-study-of-psychiatric-manifestations-among-type-i-and-type-ii-diabetic-patients
#18
Rupesh Chaudhary, Pankaj Kumar, Akhil Chopra, Sandeep Chabbra, Parminder Singh
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive disorders belong to the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide. They are generally seen in individuals who suffer from chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of depression among diabetics ranges from 8.5% to 32.5%, while that for anxiety it is up to 30%. In this study, we try to compare the mental health problems faced by those with Type I and Type II DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients diagnosed with Type I diabetes (T1D) and Type II diabetes each presenting to Medicine and Endocrinology Department were assessed with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) for depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for anxiety...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615081/clinical-variables-related-to-the-diagnostic-stability-of-demential-syndromes
#19
Fabiano Moulin de Moraes, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Bertolucci
BACKGROUND: Assigning a diagnosis to a patient with dementia is important for the present treatment of the patient and caregivers, and scientific research. Nowadays, the dementia diagnostic criteria are based on clinical information regarding medical, history, physical examination, neuropsychological tests, and supplementary exams and, therefore, subject to variability through time. METHODS: A retrospective observational study to evaluate variables related to clinical diagnostic stability in dementia syndromes in at least one year follow up...
June 15, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613287/geriatric-syndromes-and-not-cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-among-mexican-community-dwelling-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, Carlos Alberto Aguilar-Salinas, José Alberto Avila-Funes
BACKGROUND: The association of cognitive impairment and type 2 diabetes has been consistently shown in several studies, yet its association with geriatric syndromes has not been fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To study the correlates of cognitive impairment among community-dwelling elderly with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 135 diabetic persons aged 70 years or older participating in the Coyoacán Cohort Study in Mexico City...
May 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
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