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dietary factors adherence colorectal cancer survivor

Ilka Ratjen, Clemens Schafmayer, Romina di Giuseppe, Sabina Waniek, Sandra Plachta-Danielzik, Manja Koch, Ute Nöthlings, Jochen Hampe, Sabrina Schlesinger, Wolfgang Lieb
Background: Dietary factors are known to affect the risk of new-onset colorectal cancer (CRC), but information on the extent to which postdiagnostic diet affects mortality in long-term CRC survivors is scarce. Objective: We investigated the association of 2 a priori-defined postdiagnostic dietary patterns [Modified Mediterranean Diet Score (MMDS) and healthy Nordic Food Index (HNFI)] with all-cause mortality in long-term CRC survivors. Methods: Diet was assessed at a median time of 6 y after cancer diagnosis in 1404 CRC survivors (median age: 69 y; 56% men) in a prospective cohort study in Northern Germany by using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition
Paige E Miller, Miriam C Morey, Terry J Hartman, Denise C Snyder, Richard Sloane, Harvey Jay Cohen, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: Older adult cancer survivors are at greater risk of cancer recurrence and other comorbidities that can be prevented through improved diet and weight management. The tertiary prevention needs of rural-dwelling survivors can be even greater, yet little is known about rural and urban differences in lifestyle factors among this high-risk population. OBJECTIVES: To compare dietary patterns of urban and rural cancer survivors and to examine associations of dietary patterns with body mass index (BMI)...
June 2012: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nicholas J Ollberding, Gertraud Maskarinec, Lynne R Wilkens, Brian E Henderson, Laurence N Kolonel
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for cancer and other chronic diseases between adult cancer survivors and persons with no history of cancer. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Population-based sample residing in California and Hawaii. SUBJECTS: A total of 177 003 men and women aged 45-75 years who participated in the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC). Logistic regression was used to examine adherence to recommendations regarding modifiable risk factors among cancer survivors (n 16 346) when compared with cohort members with no history of cancer (n 160 657)...
October 2011: Public Health Nutrition
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