keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Help-seeking pathways

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126317/inflammation-friend-or-foe-for-animal-production
#1
Leon J Broom, Michael H Kogut
Inflammation is an essential immune response that seeks to contain microbial infection and repair damaged tissue. Increased pro-inflammatory mediators have been associated with enhanced resistance to a range of important poultry and pig pathogens. However, inflammation may also have undesirable consequences, including potentially exacerbating tissue damage and diverting nutrients away from productive purposes. The negative effects of inflammation have led to the active pursuit of anti-inflammatory feed additives and/or strategies...
November 4, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117351/finding-the-missing-patients-with-tuberculosis-lessons-learned-from-patient-pathway-analyses-in-5-countries
#2
Christy Hanson, Mike Osberg, Jessie Brown, George Durham, Daniel P Chin
Background: Despite significant progress in diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis over the past 2 decades, millions of patients with tuberculosis go unreported every year. The patient-pathway analysis (PPA) is designed to assess the alignment between tuberculosis care-seeking patterns and the availability of tuberculosis services. The PPA can help programs understand where they might find the missing patients with tuberculosis. Methods: This analysis aggregates and compares the PPAs from case studies in Kenya, Ethiopia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Pakistan...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117349/using-patient-pathway-analysis-to-inform-a-differentiated-program-response-to-tuberculosis-the-case-of-kenya
#3
Enos Masini, Christy Hanson, Jeremiah Ogoro, Jessie Brown, Faith Ngari, Pia Mingkwan, Julia Makayova, Mike Osberg
Background: A recent tuberculosis prevalence survey in Kenya found that the country is home to nearly twice as many patients with tuberculosis as previously estimated. Kenya has prioritized identifying and treating the unnotified or missing cases of tuberculosis. This requires a better understanding of patient care seeking and system weaknesses. Methods: A patient-pathway analysis (PPA) was completed to assess the alignment between patient care seeking and the availability of tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services at the national level and for all 47 counties at the subnational level in Kenya...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098119/process-review-for-development-of-quantitative-risk-analyses-for-transboundary-animal-disease-to-pathogen-free-territories
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan Miller, Ken Burton, Joe Fund, Adrian Self
Outbreaks of transboundary animal diseases (TADs) have the potential to cause significant detriment to animal, human, and environmental health; severe economic implications; and national security. Challenges concerning data sharing, model development, decision support, and disease emergence science have recently been promoted. These challenges and recommendations have been recognized and advocated in the disciplines intersecting with outbreak prediction and forecast modeling regarding infectious diseases. To advance the effective application of computation and risk communication, analytical products ought to follow a collaboratively agreed common plan for implementation...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096003/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-pathways-to-diagnosis-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-qualitative-study
#5
Sara Lena Schröder, Astrid Fink, Laura Hoffmann, Nadine Schumann, Olaf Martin, Stefan Frantz, Matthias Richter
Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in coronary heart disease (CHD)-related morbidity and mortality are well explored. However, less is known about the causes of inequalities in CHD treatment. In this qualitative study, we explored socioeconomic differences in the pathways to diagnosis of CHD. Methods: The data originated from 38 semi-structured interviews with older CHD patients, aged 59-80 years, conducted at the university hospital in Halle, Germany, between November 2014 and April 2015...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038343/beliefs-regarding-development-and-early-intervention-among-low-income-african-american-and-hispanic-mothers
#6
Dawn M Magnusson, Cynthia S Minkovitz, Karen A Kuhlthau, Tania M Caballero, Kamila B Mistry
OBJECTIVES: Understand the role of health beliefs in shaping maternal decisions regarding help-seeking for children with developmental delay (DD) and explore differences between African American and Hispanic mothers. METHODS: Open-ended, semistructured interviews were conducted with African American and Hispanic mothers of children aged 0 to 36 months with DD. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Mothers (n = 22) were African American (36%) or Hispanic (64%), 25 to 34 years old (64%), had less than a high school education (59%), and had children receiving public insurance (95%)...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034701/urological-issues-following-gender-reassignment-surgery
#7
Iffy Middleton, Fiona Ann Holden
It has been estimated that 0.2% of the UK population identifies as transgender. For those who seek gender reassignment, the pathway can involve the expertise of multiple disciplines, including primary care, psychology, endocrinology and speech and language therapy. A small but significant number of the transgender population will also elect to undergo gender-affirming genital surgery in order to achieve gender congruence. In the UK, very few specialist centres provide genital gender-affirming surgery for trans-men and women...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019048/parental-action-and-referral-patterns-in-spatial-clusters-of-childhood-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
David Schelly, Patricia Jiménez González, Pedro J Solís
Sociodemographic factors have long been associated with disparities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis. Studies that identified spatial clustering of cases have suggested the importance of information about ASD moving through social networks of parents. Yet there is no direct evidence of this mechanism. This study explores the help-seeking behaviors and referral pathways of parents of diagnosed children in Costa Rica, one of two countries in which spatial clusters of cases have been identified. We interviewed the parents of 54 diagnosed children and focused on social network connections that influenced parents' help seeking and referral pathways that led to assessment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017319/a-prototype-for-modular-cell-engineering
#9
Brandon Wilbanks, Donovan Layton, Sergio Garcia, Cong Trinh
When aiming to produce a target chemical at high yield, titer, and productivity, various combinations of genetic parts available to build the target pathway can generate a large number of strains for characterization. This engineering approach will become increasingly laborious and expensive when seeking to develop desirable strains for optimal production of a large space of biochemicals due to extensive screening. Our recent theoretical development of modular cell (MODCELL) design principles can offer a promising solution for rapid generation of optimal strains by coupling a modular cell and exchangeable production modules in a plug-and-play fashion...
October 10, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975109/phytotherapy-of-nephrotoxicity-induced-by-cancer-drugs-an-updated-review
#10
REVIEW
Saeid Heidari-Soreshjani, Majid Asadi-Samani, Qian Yang, Ali Saeedi-Boroujeni
CONTEXT: Kidney is one of the vital organs maintaining homeostasis of body and thus dysfunction of kidney affects quality of life and health severely. Anticancer drugs, particularly chemotherapeutic agents, cause high toxicity leading kidney dysfunction and irreparable kidney injury. Therefore, attention has recently been paid to seeking out alternatives such as nature-based drugs that are effective but less toxic. In this regard, this systematic review article is to report and introduce the most important medicinal plants and their derivatives that are used to reduce anticancer drug-induced nephrotoxicity...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960505/experience-of-health-care-services-after-a-suicide-attempt-results-from-an-online-survey
#11
Fiona L Shand, Philip J Batterham, Jade K Y Chan, Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal, Alan Woodward, Helen Christensen
Failure to provide follow-up care after a suicide attempt is associated with increased risk of reattempt. This online survey examined the experiences of patients of the Australian health system after a suicide attempt. Just over half of the participants had a psychiatric assessment within 1 week of their attempt. Fewer than half believed they had been offered enough help. Low service satisfaction was associated with lower help-seeking intentions. Support for individuals who have made a suicide attempt needs to be enhanced, and an integrated approach to care is required, including improved referral pathways and staff attitudinal change...
September 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953761/a-review-of-the-efficacy-and-role-of-the-card-sort-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder
#12
Paul Jie Wen Tern, Ali Abdaal, Jake Tobin, Katherine Macfarland, Molly Hunt, Mark Agius
The current card sort exercise described by Agius et al. in 2006 provides a tool for patients and their families to characterise the temporal pattern of occurrence of both stereotyped and idiosyncratic prodromal symptoms that serve as early warning signs predicting a relapse. This 'individual relapse signature' is highly specific for bipolar relapse, and aids identification of a relapse such that patients can be channeled into appropriate early intervention pathways. This review examines the role of the card sort exercise in the treatment of bipolar disorder, and evaluates the evidence for its efficacy...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952898/exorcism-leads-to-reenactment-of-trauma-in-a-mauritian-woman
#13
Igor Jacob Pietkiewicz, Mylene Lecoq-Bamboche
Childhood trauma can have a lasting effect on personality and daily functioning, leading to dissociative changes in behavior and identity. How these are interpreted and handled usually depends on local culture and beliefs. This article presents the case of a Mauritian woman with a history of childhood abuse who was exorcised to "dispel an evil spirit." An in-depth interview exploring her experiences and meaning-making was transcribed and subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. This article discusses possession as a culturally accepted metaphor for incomprehensible behaviors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947389/experience-of-clandestine-use-of-medical-abortion-among-university-students-in-chile-a-qualitative-study
#14
Irma Palma Manríquez, Claudia Moreno Standen, Andrea Álvarez Carimoney, Alondra Richards
OBJECTIVES: o explore the ways in which medical abortion pills are obtained and used by university students in Chile in a clandestine context. STUDY DESIGN: Using a qualitative approach, we conducted in-depth interviews with 30 young women who had had a medical abortion between 2006 and 2016 while attending university. We recorded the details of their pathways to abortion and their experience of abortion, and how they used networks in the university to find the pills and learn how to use them...
September 22, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912112/molecular-basis-of-peripheral-olfactory-sensing-during-oviposition-in-the-behavior-of-the-parasitic-wasp-anastatus-japonicus
#15
Yinliang Wang, Qi Chen, Junqi Guo, Jing Li, Jiatong Wang, Ming Wen, Hanbo Zhao, Bingzhong Ren
Anastatus japonicus is a parasitic wasp and natural enemy of the litchi pest Tessaratoma papillosa, and for decades in China, A. japonicus has been mass-reared inside the eggs of Antheraea pernyi to control T. papillosa. A series of experiments was performed to explore the olfactory mechanism underlying the oviposition behavior of A. japonicus. First, a transcriptomic analysis was performed on the antennae of A. japonicus, and the resulting assemblies led to the generation of 70,473 unigenes. Subsequently, 21,368 unigenes were matched to known proteins, 48 odorant receptors (ORs) (including Orco) and 13 antennal ionotropic receptors (IRs) (including the co-receptors IR8a and IR25a) were identified and predicted to form complete open reading frames (ORFs)...
October 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871013/understanding-symptom-appraisal-and-help-seeking-in-people-with-symptoms-suggestive-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#16
Katie Mills, Linda Birt, Jon D Emery, Nicola Hall, Jonathan Banks, Margaret Johnson, John Lancaster, William Hamilton, Greg P Rubin, Fiona M Walter
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic cancer has poor survival rates due to non-specific symptoms leading to later diagnosis. Understanding how patients interpret their symptoms could inform approaches to earlier diagnosis. This study sought to explore symptom appraisal and help-seeking among patients referred to secondary care for symptoms suggestive of pancreatic cancer. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of semistructured in-depth interviews. Data were analysed iteratively and thematically, informed by the Model of Pathways to Treatment...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870650/adolescent-self-screening-for-mental-health-problems-demonstration-of-an-internet-based-approach
#17
J Michael Murphy, Theresa Nguyen, Cara Lucke, Cindy Chiang, Natalie Plasencia, Michael Jellinek
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of positive screening scores, construct validity, and opportunities for follow up in a large sample of adolescents who chose to fill out the Pediatric Symptom Checklist - Youth Form (PSC-Y) through the Mental Health America (MHA) website. METHODS: MHA sent researchers a de-identified dataset of all PSC-Y's submitted to MHA from May 15, 2015 to May 14, 2016. The analytic dataset contained 29,886 PSC-Y forms from youth aged 11-17 who sought out the website and chose to fill out the PSC-Y anonymously and independently online...
September 1, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836352/early-intervention-for-bipolar-disorder-in-adolescents-a-psychosocial-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Claire McAulay, Jonathan Mond, Stephen Touyz
AIM: Early intervention in bipolar disorder (BD) has received increasing attention in recent years. The identification of risk factors has improved, but researchers continue to struggle to find an effective treatment once the illness has become established. The aetiology of BD and feasibility of early intervention present a challenge, making it difficult to decide who to target, as well as how. METHODS: This essay seeks to address the lack of guidance for managing patients with a possible emerging bipolar illness, by presenting a rough roadmap to psychological care...
August 23, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819349/the-anexo-in-northern-california-an-alcoholics-anonymous-based-recovery-residence-in-latino-communities
#19
Victor Garcia, Anna Pagano, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
Our ethnographic study on help-seeking pathways of Latino immigrants in northern California reveals that they turn to anexos in their treatment and recovery quest. Anexos are linguistically- and culturally-specific recovery houses with origins in Mexico and Alcoholics Anonymous and a long history in Latino communities across the United States. Drawing on the findings of our study, we characterize the anexos and compare them to other recovery residences using National Alliance for Recovery Residences (NARR) criteria...
2017: Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809921/first-choice-of-treatment-place-in-the-pathways-to-epileptic-care-at-the-outpatient-department-of-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-cross-sectional-institutional-based-study
#20
Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Wondale Getinet Alemu
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy treatment gap range from 87% to 98%. In spite of this, there is a gross inadequacy of the availability, accessibility and affordability of Anti-Epileptic Drugs. In countries like Ethiopia, where most populations are less aware about mental health problems, most people seek help for their illness from traditional healers. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to assess the pathways to epilepsy care and associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design utilized among 409 participants selected by systematic random sampling technique...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
99662
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"