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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393648/-metacognitive-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-adapted-to-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#1
Michael Simons, Britta Pöter
Metacognitive Therapy and Pharmacotherapy - Adapted to Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) present a relatively new challenge for adolescent psychotherapy and psychiatry. The evidence of possible treatment approaches is scarce. This paper presents a pragmatic adaptation of Wells' Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) for this population for the first time. Unlike the established trauma-focused treatment approaches MCT does not aim at prolonged exposure to the trauma narrative. Instead, patients shall learn to leave the distressing thoughts alone and to reduce the perseverating thinking processes (rumination and worrying)...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384889/correlates-and-predictors-of-resilience-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#2
Monali Devaraj Mathad, Balaram Pradhan, Sasidharan K Rajesh
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of literature recognizes the importance of resilience in the nursing profession. Both mindfulness and resilience aid in handling stress, stress increases the risk of rumination and/or worry especially in females and they are more empathetic than other healthcare students. AIM: To identify correlates and predictors of the resilience among nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive correlation study and we have recruited 194 participants (1-4(th) year B...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#3
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355881/delineating-characteristics-of-maladaptive-repetitive-thought
#4
Lauren E Szkodny, Michelle G Newman
Worry, rumination, and obsessive thinking are theorized to differ on temporal orientation, positive perceived function, degree of intrusiveness, and discordance with one's self-concept. However, prior findings with respect to such differences may be due to method variance of the measures used and/or inclusion of items confounded by diagnostic symptoms. Accurately capturing differences between types of perseverative thought linked to psychopathology and understanding whether such aspects are common across disorders or specific to some may be important to designing effective treatments for them...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340114/the-pain-related-cognitive-processes-questionnaire-development-and-validation
#5
Melissa A Day, L Charles Ward, Beverly E Thorn, Cathryne P Lang, Toby R O Newton-John, Dawn M Ehde, Mark P Jensen
Objective.:  Cognitive processes may be characterized as how individuals think, whereas cognitive content constitutes what individuals think. Both cognitive processes and cognitive content are theorized to play important roles in chronic pain adjustment, and treatments have been developed to target both. However, the evaluation of treatments that target cognitive processes is limited because extant measures do not satisfactorily separate cognitive process from cognitive content. The current study aimed to develop a self-report inventory of potentially adaptive and presumed maladaptive attentional processes that may occur when someone is experiencing pain...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#6
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285248/ptsd-s-risky-behavior-criterion-relation-with-dsm-5-ptsd-symptom-clusters-and-psychopathology
#7
Ateka A Contractor, Nicole H Weiss, Paula Dranger, Camilo Ruggero, Cherie Armour
A new symptom criterion of reckless and self-destructive behaviors (E2) was recently added to posttraumatic stress disorder's (PTSD) diagnostic criteria in DSM-5, which is unsurprising given the well-established relation between PTSD and risky behaviors. Researchers have questioned the significance and incremental validity of this symptom criterion within PTSD's symptomatology. Unprecedented to our knowledge, we aim to compare trauma-exposed groups differing on their endorsement status of the risky behavior symptom on several psychopathology constructs (PTSD, depression, distress tolerance, rumination, anger)...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277695/acute-aerobic-exercise-hastens-emotional-recovery-from-a-subsequent-stressor
#8
Emily E Bernstein, Richard J McNally
OBJECTIVE: Despite findings that regular exercise is broadly associated with emotional well-being, more basic research is needed to deepen our understanding of the exercise and emotion connection. This paper examines how acute aerobic exercise in particular influences subjective emotional recovery from a subsequent stressor. Potential mediators and moderators, including level of physical fitness, attentional control, and perseverative negative thinking were explored. METHOD: All of the participants (n = 95) completed 3 laboratory visits, each including 1 of 3 activities (i...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171782/prediction-of-pre-exam-state-anxiety-from-ruminative-disposition-the-mediating-role-of-impaired-attentional-disengagement-from-negative-information
#9
Sergiu P Vălenaş, Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar, Ben Grafton, Lies Notebaert, Andrei C Miu, Colin MacLeod
Rumination is a maladaptive form of repetitive thinking that enhances stress responses, and heightened disposition to engage in rumination may contribute to the onset and persistence of stress-related symptoms. However, the cognitive mechanisms through which ruminative disposition influences stress reactivity are not yet fully understood. This study investigated the hypothesis that the impact of ruminative disposition on stress reactivity is carried by an attentional bias reflecting impaired attentional disengagement from negative information...
April 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161664/assessing-maladaptive-repetitive-thought-in-clinical-disorders-a-critical-review-of-existing-measures
#10
REVIEW
Suraj Samtani, Michelle L Moulds
Rumination and worry have recently been grouped under the broader transdiagnostic construct of repetitive thought (Watkins, 2008). The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of scales used to assess repetitive thinking across a broad range of contexts: depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, illness, interpersonal difficulties, positive affect, and so forth. We also include scales developed or adapted for children and adolescents. In the extant literature, measures of repetitive thinking generally show small-to-moderate correlations with measures of psychopathology...
April 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156191/working-memory-capacity-and-spontaneous-emotion-regulation-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder
#11
K Lira Yoon, Joelle LeMoult, Atayeh Hamedani, Randi McCabe
Researchers have postulated that deficits in cognitive control are associated with, and thus may underlie, the perseverative thinking that characterises generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). We examined associations between cognitive control and levels of spontaneous state rumination following a stressor in a sample of healthy control participants (CTL; n = 27) and participants with GAD (n = 21). We assessed cognitive control by measuring working memory capacity (WMC), defined as the ability to maintain task-relevant information by ignoring task-irrelevant information...
February 3, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049069/prevention-of-anxiety-disorders-and-depression-by-targeting-excessive-worry-and-rumination-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Maurice Topper, Paul M G Emmelkamp, Ed Watkins, Thomas Ehring
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of a preventive intervention for anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive levels of repetitive negative thinking (RNT; worry and rumination) in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 251, 83.7% female) showing elevated levels of RNT were randomly allocated to a 6-week cognitive-behavioral training delivered in a group, via the internet, or to a waitlist control condition...
March 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991803/should-you-switch-off-or-stay-engaged-the-consequences-of-thinking-about-work-on-the-trajectory-of-psychological-well-being-over-time
#13
Abbas Firoozabadi, Sjir Uitdewilligen, Fred R H Zijlstra
This study examined how 2 different ways of being mentally engaged with work-related issues during evenings (affective rumination and problem-solving pondering) cause changes in psychological well-being over a 1-year period. We conducted a 3-wave longitudinal study with a time lag of 6 months between each wave. At the first measurement moment, participants filled out a survey over 5 consecutive working days assessing work-related affective rumination and problem-solving pondering during evenings. Exhaustion and health complaints were assessed at the first measurement moment as well as after 6 and 12 months...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986741/cognitive-bias-modification-for-interpretation-with-and-without-prior-repetitive-negative-thinking-to-reduce-worry-and-rumination-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-depression-protocol-for-a-multisession-experimental-study-with-an-active-control-condition
#14
Charlotte Krahé, Andrew Mathews, Jessica Whyte, Colette R Hirsch
INTRODUCTION: Worry and rumination are two forms of repetitive thinking characterised by their negative content and apparently uncontrollable nature. Although worry and rumination share common features and have been conceptualised as part of a transdiagnostic repetitive negative thinking (RNT) process, it remains unclear whether they share the same underlying cognitive mechanisms. This multisession experimental study investigates the tendency to make negative interpretations regarding ambiguous information as a cognitive mechanism underlying RNT...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918071/the-bidirectional-associations-between-state-anger-and-rumination-and-the-role-of-trait-mindfulness
#15
Ashley Borders, Shou-En Lu
Rumination is associated with exacerbated angry mood. Angry moods may also trigger rumination. However, research has not empirically tested the bidirectional associations of state rumination and anger, as experience sampling methodology can do. We predicted that state anger and rumination would be bi-directionally associated, both concurrently and over time, even controlling for trait anger and rumination. In addition, because mindfulness is associated with rumination and anger at the bivariate level, we examined the effect of trait mindfulness on the bidirectional association between state rumination and anger...
December 5, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911470/posttraumatic-rumination-content-correlates-and-processes
#16
Christine E Valdez, Michelle M Lilly
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related rumination (i.e., repetitive and recurrent thinking about trauma and its consequences) has shown to predict the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, though little is known about its characteristics. The purpose of this study was to examine trauma-related ruminative content, correlates, and processes during a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview. METHOD: A total of 63 female survivors of violence completed questionnaires assessing trauma-related pathology and participated in a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview, which was qualitatively coded...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894469/the-association-of-perseverative-negative-thinking-with-depression-anxiety-and-emotional-distress-in-people-with-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#17
Leanne Trick, Edward Watkins, Stacey Windeatt, Chris Dickens
OBJECTIVE: Depression is common in people with long term conditions, and is associated with worse medical outcomes. Previous research shows perseverative negative thinking (e.g. worry, rumination) predicts subsequent depression and worse medical outcomes, suggesting interventions targeting perseverative negative thinking could improve depression and medical outcomes. Previous studies recruited healthy individuals, however. This review aimed to determine the temporal relationship and strength of prospective association of perseverative negative thinking with depression, anxiety and emotional distress in people with long term conditions...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885148/injury-interiority-and-isolation-in-men-s-suicidality
#18
John L Oliffe, Genevieve Creighton, Steve Robertson, Alex Broom, Emily K Jenkins, John S Ogrodniczuk, Olivier Ferlatte
Men's high suicide rates have been linked to individual risk factors including history of being abused as a child, single marital status, and financial difficulties. While it has also been suggested that the normative influences of hegemonic masculinities are implicated in men's suicide, the gendered experiences of male suicidality are poorly understood. In the current photovoice study, 20 men who previously had suicidal thoughts, plans, and/or attempts were interviewed as a means to better understanding the connections between masculinities and their experiences of suicidality...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880789/targeting-ruminative-thinking-in-adolescents-at-risk-for-depressive-relapse-rumination-focused-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-resting-state-fmri
#19
Rachel H Jacobs, Edward R Watkins, Amy T Peters, Claudia G Feldhaus, Alyssa Barba, Julie Carbray, Scott A Langenecker
This pilot randomized control trial was designed to examine whether Rumination-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (RFCBT) reduces rumination and residual depressive symptoms among adolescents with a history of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) who are at risk for relapse. We also examined whether these changes in symptoms were associated with changes in functional connectivity of the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), a key node in the default mode network (DMN). Thirty-three adolescents (ages 12-18) were randomized to eight weeks of RFCBT or an assessment only (AO) control...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832698/the-association-between-attention-control-anxiety-and-depression-the-indirect-effects-of-repetitive-negative-thinking-and-mood-recovery
#20
Sarah J Kertz, Kimberly T Stevens, Keith P Klein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Attention control deficits and repetitive negative thinking (RNT; i.e., rumination) may be key factors in the development and persistence of depression and anxiety, although their role in symptom development remains poorly understood. This represents a gap in the literature, as interventions targeting attention control and associated RNT may enhance interventions and prevent costly relapse. The current study was designed to examine the serial indirect effects of transdiagnostic RNT and negative affect recovery following a lab-induced stressor on the association between attention control deficits and trait anxiety and depression...
November 19, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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