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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275790/the-clinical-utility-of-metacognitive-beliefs-and-processes-in-emotional-distress-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Philip Heffer-Rahn, Peter L Fisher
AIM: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disease that poses significant life challenges. Depression and anxiety often occur in people with MS (PwMS). An information processing model of psychopathology, the Self-Regulatory Executive Function (S-REF) model specifies that maladaptive metacognitive beliefs play a fundamental role in the development and maintenance of distress. The model also asserts that a style of thinking known as the cognitive attentional syndrome (CAS), which consists of worry and rumination, focusing on sources of threat, and unhelpful coping responses, is common across all psychological conditions...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227897/sleep-difficulties-in-college-students-the-role-of-stress-affect-and-cognitive-processes
#2
Ana Paula Amaral, Maria João Soares, Ana Margarida Pinto, Ana Telma Pereira, Nuno Madeira, Sandra Carvalho Bos, Mariana Marques, Carolina Roque, António Macedo
Previous research indicates that sleep difficulties and stress are prevalent in college students. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the role of repetitive negative thinking (RNT), cognitive emotion regulation, and negative affect as mediators of the relationship between stress and sleep difficulties. We also intended to analyse the associations between all these variables and the gender differences. A sample of 549 college students completed self-report measures assessing the mentioned variables...
December 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214849/the-dimensions-of-ruminative-thinking-one-for-all-or-all-for-one
#3
Ljiljana Mihić, Zdenka Novović, Milica Lazić, David J A Dozois, Radomir Belopavlović
The Ruminative Thought Scale (RTS) was developed to measure the ruminative thinking style, presumably common to various psychopathological disorders. However, prior factor-analytic research was inconclusive regarding unidimensionality versus multidimensionality of the RTS. The present study was conducted on a large, heterogeneous Serbian sample ( N = 838). A subsample was retested 6 months later providing information about symptoms of depression and various anxiety symptoms. Results showed that a bifactor model of the RTS (representing one general and four group factors) had a better fit than the second-order and one-factor models...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163871/grief-rumination-mediates-the-association-between-self-compassion-and-psychopathology-in-relatives-of-missing-persons
#4
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Maarten C Eisma, Jos de Keijser, Paul A Boelen
Background: The disappearance of a loved one is a unique type of loss, also termed 'ambiguous loss', which may heighten the risk for developing prolonged grief (PG), depression, and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms. Little is known about protective and risk factors for psychopathology among relatives of missing persons. A potential protective factor is self-compassion, referring to openness toward and acceptance of one's own pain, failures, and inadequacies. One could reason that self-compassion is associated with lower levels of emotional distress following ambiguous loss, because it might serve as a buffer for getting entangled in ruminative thinking about the causes and consequences of the disappearance ('grief rumination')...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117509/heart-rate-variability-mediates-the-link-between-rumination-and-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Luca Carnevali, Julian F Thayer, Jos F Brosschot, Cristina Ottaviani
Ruminative thinking about negative feelings has been prospectively associated with increases in depressive symptoms and heightened risk for new onsets of major depression. One putative pathophysiological mechanism underlying this link might be represented by autonomic nervous system dysfunction. The objective of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the interplay between rumination, autonomic function (as revealed by heart rate variability (HRV) analysis), and depressive symptoms in healthy young subjects, over a three-year period...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101842/the-effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-prefrontal-cortex-on-implicit-self-esteem-is-mediated-by-rumination-after-criticism
#6
Rudi De Raedt, Jonathan Remue, Tom Loeys, Jill M Hooley, Chris Baeken
It has been proposed that a crucial link between cognitive (i.e., self-schemas) and biological vulnerability is prefrontal control. This is because decreased control leads to impaired ability to inhibit ruminative thinking after the activation of negative self-schemas. However, current evidence is mainly correlational. In the current experimental study we tested whether the effect of neurostimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on self-esteem is mediated by momentary ruminative self-referential thinking (MRST) after the induction of negative self-schemas by criticism...
October 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094761/sadness-and-ruminative-thinking-independently-depress-people-s-moods
#7
Azra Jahanitabesh, Brittany A Cardwell, Jamin Halberstadt
Depression and rumination often co-occur in clinical populations, but it is not clear which causes which, or if both are manifestations of an underlying pathology. Does rumination simply exacerbate whatever affect a person is experiencing, or is it a negative experience in and of itself? In two experiments we answer this question by independently manipulating emotion and rumination. Participants were allocated to sad or neutral (in Experiment 1), or sad, neutral or happy (Experiment 2) mood conditions, via a combination of emotionally evocative music and autobiographical recall...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035124/pain-and-alcohol-use-among-latinos-in-primary-care-examining-rumination-as-an-explanatory-factor
#8
Daniel J Paulus, Joseph W Ditre, Andres G Viana, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a widely abused substance among Latinos. Yet, little is known regarding factors underlying hazardous drinking in this population. Growing work has linked pain to hazardous drinking, although highly limited work has focused on Latinos. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to test rumination as an underlying mechanism explaining relations between pain severity and alcohol use among Latinos. METHODS: Data from 252 low-income Latino adults (Mage = 38...
October 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034806/exploring-the-east-west-divide-in-prevalence-of-affective-disorder-a-case-for-cultural-differences-in-coping-with-negative-emotion
#9
June De Vaus, Matthew J Hornsey, Peter Kuppens, Brock Bastian
Lifetime rates of clinical depression and anxiety in the West tend to be approximately 4 to 10 times greater than rates in Asia. In this review, we explore one possible reason for this cross-cultural difference, that Asian cultures think differently about emotion than do Western cultures and that these different systems of thought help explain why negative affect does not escalate into clinical disorder at the same rate. We review research from multiple disciplines-including cross-cultural psychology, social cognition, clinical psychology, and psychiatry-to make the case that the Eastern holistic principles of contradiction (each experience is associated with its opposite), change (the world exists in a state of constant flux), and context (the interconnectedness of all things) fundamentally shape people's experience of emotions in different cultures...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017501/psychometric-properties-of-the-children-s-response-styles-questionnaire-in-a-hong-kong-chinese-community-sample
#10
Barbara Chuen Yee Lo, Yue Zhao, Yim Chi Ho, Terry Kit-Fong Au
BACKGROUND: The Children's Response Styles Questionnaire (CRSQ) is a widely-adopted inventory that assesses response styles in youths. It is useful in examining how coping styles (particularly rumination) may relate to depressive vulnerability in youths. Despite its utility, little is known about its applicability in non-Western cultures and CRSQ has not been evaluated using current psychometric methods including item response theory (IRT). The present study assessed the properties using IRT methods in a Chinese youth sample...
October 10, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969722/the-interaction-between-5-httlpr-genotype-and-ruminative-thinking-on-bmi
#11
Robbie Schepers, C Robert Markus
Negative affect or stress is often found to increase energy intake for high palatable energy-rich foods and hence weight gain. Reduced brain serotonin (5-HT) function is known to increase stress vulnerability and the risk for eating-related disturbances. A short (S) allele polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a less efficient functioning brain serotonin system and therefore higher stress vulnerability. It has been suggested that this genotype may be directly linked to an increased risk for weight gain and/or obesity...
October 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889061/depressive-symptoms-ruminative-thinking-drinking-motives-and-alcohol-outcomes-a-multiple-mediation-model-among-college-students-in-three-countries
#12
Adrian J Bravo, Angelina Pilatti, Matthew R Pearson, Laura Mezquita, Manuel I Ibáñez, Generós Ortet
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that ruminative thinking (specifically problem-focused thoughts) may explain why individuals engage in drinking to cope (DTC) when dealing with depressive symptoms; which in turn leads to increased negative alcohol-related consequences. Cross-cultural studies addressing these phenomena are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The present study cross-culturally tested whether four rumination facets (problem-focused thoughts, counterfactual thinking, repetitive thoughts, and anticipatory thoughts) uniquely mediate the relationships between depressive symptoms and drinking motives/alcohol outcomes in a multicultural sample of college student drinkers (n=1429) from Spain, Argentina, and the U...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888174/repetitive-negative-thinking-and-suicide-a-burgeoning-literature-with-need-for-further-exploration
#13
REVIEW
Keyne C Law, Raymond P Tucker
Extant research has found a significant overlap between various repetitive negative thinking (RNT) patterns, such as rumination and worry, across different affective disorders implicating that the process of repetitive negative thinking is likely trans-diagnostic. Furthermore, RNT patterns at the core of psychiatric disorders associated with suicide (e.g., rumination and worry) have been found to be associated with suicide even after accounting for the disorder. A synthesis of existing literature on repetitive negative thoughts suggest that following negative emotional experiences, RNTs may lead to a sense of entrapment and hopelessness that may contribute to the onset of suicidal ideation and then facilitate the transition from thinking about suicide to making a suicide attempt by increasing an individual's capability for suicide through repetitive exposure to violent thoughts and imagery associated with suicide...
August 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885041/developmental-origins-of-rumination-in-middle-childhood-the-roles-of-early-temperament-and-positive-parenting
#14
Tina H Schweizer, Thomas M Olino, Margaret W Dyson, Rebecca S Laptook, Daniel N Klein
Rumination, a thinking style characterized by a repetitive inward focus on negative cognitions, has been linked to internalizing disorders, particularly depression. Moreover, research suggests that rumination may be a cognitive vulnerability that predisposes individuals to psychopathology. Surprisingly little is known, however, about the etiology and development of rumination. The present study examined the role of specific components of child temperamental negative emotionality (sadness, fear, anger) and effortful control (inhibition), as well as parenting behaviors during early childhood on the development of rumination in middle childhood...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875975/-autobiographical-memory-in-depressive-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Paulina Żuchowicz, Justyna Jasionowska, Piotr Gałecki, Monika Talarowska
Contemporary research studies regarding autobiographical memory (AM) indicate that its deficits have a significant impact on the development of mental disorders. We find particularly many reports regarding the comorbidity of AM deficits and depressive disorders. The characteristic feature of AM in the people suffering from depressive disorders is the presence of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM), i.e. the reminiscences which contain a summary of many emotion-laden situations, yet without significant detail...
August 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838289/emotional-cascade-theory-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-importance-of-imagery-and-positive-affect
#16
Penelope A Hasking, Martina Di Simplicio, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
Grounded in Emotional Cascade Theory, we explored whether rumination and multisensory imagery-based cognitions moderated the relationships between affect and both odds of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and frequency of the behaviour. A sample of 393 university students completed self-report questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest. Contrary to expectations, rumination did not emerge as a significant moderator of the affect-NSSI relationship. However, the relationship between affect and frequency of NSSI was moderated by the use of imagery...
August 25, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833979/automatic-affective-responses-towards-the-bed-in-patients-with-primary-insomnia-evidence-for-a-negativity-bias
#17
Nicolas Koranyi, Marie Meinhard, Peter Bublak, Otto W Witte, Sven Rupprecht
Ruminating about sleep problems and negatively valenced thinking play a key role in the maintenance of sleep complaints in patients with insomnia. Based on associative learning principles, we hypothesized that repeated co-occurrence of negative thoughts (unconditioned stimulus) and the bedroom environment (conditioned stimulus) results in automatic negative affective responses towards the bed (conditioned response). Twenty-two insomniacs and 22 good sleepers performed a Single-Target Implicit Association Test measuring the strength of automatically triggered affective responses towards the bed...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833863/are-experiences-of-psychosis-associated-with-unhelpful-metacognitive-coping-strategies-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#18
Rachel Sellers, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
This review investigated whether unhelpful metacognitive coping strategies, such as attentional biases, worry, rumination, and thought control, are associated with experiences of psychosis. These processes, known collectively as the Cognitive Attentional Syndrome (CAS), form a central tenet of the Self-Regulatory Executive Function model. Three research questions based on assumptions underlying the CAS were addressed. It was predicted that processes of (a) self-focused processing, (b) negative perseverative thinking (worry and rumination), and (c) counterproductive thought control would be associated with experiences of psychosis...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810410/perfectionism-and-adolescent-sleep-quality-the-mediating-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking
#19
Rong-Mao Lin, Shan-Shan Xie, You-Wei Yan, Yu-Hsin Chen, Wen-Jing Yan
This study explores the mediating effects of repetitive negative thinking in the relationship between perfectionism and adolescent sleep quality. A sample of 1664 Chinese adolescents with a mean age of 15.0 years was recruited, and they completed four measures relating to perfectionism, sleep quality, worry, and rumination. The results showed that maladaptive perfectionism was positively correlated with poor sleep quality in adolescents, which was mediated by both worry and rumination. However, adaptive perfectionism was not significantly associated with adolescent sleep quality, and this relationship was suppressed by rumination (but not worry)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806606/imbalance-between-abstract-and-concrete-repetitive-thinking-modes-in-schizophrenia
#20
Pierre Maurage, Pierre Philippot, Delphine Grynberg, Dominique Leleux, Benoît Delatte, Camille Mangelinckx, Jan-Baptist Belge, Eric Constant
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive thoughts can be divided in two modes: abstract/analytic (decontextualized and dysfunctional) and concrete/experiential (problem-focused and adaptive). They constitute a transdiagnostic process involved in many psychopathological states but have received little attention in schizophrenia, as earlier studies only indexed increased ruminations (related to dysfunctional repetitive thoughts) without jointly exploring both modes. This study explored the two repetitive thinking modes, beyond ruminations, to determine their imbalance in schizophrenia...
July 1, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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