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Serratus block

Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta
The practice of regional anaesthesia is rapidly changing with the introduction of ultrasound into the working domain of the anaesthesiologist. New techniques are being pioneered. Among the recent techniques, notable are the truncal blocks, for example, the transversus abdominis plane block, rectus sheath block, hernia block and quadratus lumborum block in the abdomen and the pectoral nerves (Pecs) block 1 and 2, serratus anterior plane block and intercostal nerve block. This narrative review covers the brief anatomical discourse along with technical description of the ultrasound-guided truncal blocks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Marcus Hards, Arisa Harada, Isobel Neville, Sheelagh Harwell, Mahwash Babar, Abdulsatar Ravalia, Giles Davies
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of serratus plane block performed under direct vision on postoperative pain after mastectomy. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of elective breast surgery patients undergoing mastectomy over 6 months. We collected data on the outcomes for the pain score and use of analgesia in recovery, the use of analgesia and antiemetics overnight, and the pain score and mobilization status of the patient 1 day after the operation...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Diab Fuad Hetta, Khalid Mohammed Rezk
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic efficacy and safety of pectoralis-serratus interfascial plane block in comparison with thoracic paravertebral block for postmastectomy pain. DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary center, university hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty-four adult women, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classes I, II, and III, scheduled for unilateral modified radical mastectomy with axillary evacuation...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
R M Corso, S Maitan, V Russotto, C Gregoretti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Edward Durant, Brittany Dixon, Josh Luftig, Daniel Mantuani, Andrew Herring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jennifer A Zocca, Grant H Chen, Vinay G Puttanniah, Joseph C Hung, Amitabh Gulati
Postmastectomy pain syndrome is common after surgical treatment for breast cancer and may be challenging to manage. Currently, there are a wide variety of approaches to treat this type of pain, including medications, physical therapy, and interventional procedures. However, because of the complexity of innervation of the breast, the serratus plane block may better target the web of nerves innervating the anterior chest wall including the breast. We present a case series of 8 patients who were successfully treated with serratus plane block for pain after treatment for breast cancer...
September 2, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
J Mayes, E Davison, P Panahi, D Patten, F Eljelani, J Womack, M Varma
The serratus anterior plane block has been described for analgesia of the hemithorax. This study was conducted to determine the spread of injectate and investigate the anatomical basis of the block. Ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block was performed on six soft-fix embalmed cadavers. All cadavers received bilateral injections, on one side performed with 20 ml latex and on the other with 20 ml methylene blue. Subsequent dissection explored the extent of spread and nerve involvement. Photographs were taken throughout dissection...
September 2016: Anaesthesia
Korgün Okmen, Burcu Metin Okmen, Serkan Uysal
Thoracotomy is a surgical technique used to reach the thoracic cavity. Management of pain due to thoracotomy is important in order to protect the operative respiratory reserves and decrease complications. For thoracotomy pain, blocks (such as thoracic epidural, paravertebral, etc.) and pleural catheterization and intravenous drugs (such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], and opioids, etc., can be used. We performed a serratus anterior plane (SAP) block followed by catheterization for thoracotomy pain...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Yeon Dong Kim, Jae Yong Yu, Junho Shim, Hyun Joo Heo, Hyungtae Kim
BACKGROUND: Recently, ultrasound has been commonly used. Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) by posterior approach is more commonly used because anterior approach has been reported to have the risk of phrenic nerve injury. However, posterior approach also has the risk of causing nerve injury because there are risks of encountering dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) and long thoracic nerve (LTN). Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of encountering DSN and LTN during ultrasound-guided IBPB by posterior approach...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Jin-Soo Kim, Jeonghun Lee, Euy-Young Soh, Hyoeun Ahn, Sang Eon Oh, Jung-Dong Lee, Han Bum Joe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Single-incision transaxillary robotic thyroidectomy (START) requires substantial tissue disruption, which produces moderate-to-severe pain in the axilla and neck areas during the early postoperative period. This study aimed to investigate the analgesic effects of ultrasound-guided serratus-intercostal plane blocks and intermediate cervical plexus blocks (CPBs) on the early postoperative pain after START. METHODS: We randomized 22 patients to undergo either ultrasound-guided serratus-intercostal plane and intermediate CPBs (the block group, n = 11) or to not undergo any block (the control group, n = 11)...
September 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Masaaki Tsuruike, Todd S Ellenbecker
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of scapular muscle activities in elevation and descent exercises have yet to be elucidated to assess scapular dyskinesis. The purpose of this study was to identify the adaptation of electromyograph (EMG) activities of the upper trapezius (UT), lower trapezius (LT), serratus anterior (SA), and anterior deltoid (AD) muscles with different weight loads in flexion (FLX) and abduction (ABD) in collegiate baseball players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight individuals, including 13 pitchers, were tested...
October 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Ramon Go, Yolanda Y Huang, Paul D Weyker, Christopher Aj Webb
As the American healthcare system continues to evolve and reimbursement becomes tied to value-based incentive programs, perioperative pain management will become increasingly important. Regional anesthetic techniques are only one component of a successful multimodal pain regimen. In recent years, the use of peripheral and paraneuraxial blocks to provide chest wall and abdominal analgesia has gained popularity. When used within a multimodal regimen, truncal blocks may provide similar analgesia when compared with other regional anesthetic techniques...
October 2016: Pain Management
Masaru Kikuchi, Shunsuke Takaki, Takeshi Nomura, Takahisa Goto
BACKGROUND: Pectoral nerve block (PECS block) is first reported by Blanco et al, and mainly used for analgesia for breast surgery in Japan. However, the spread of PECS block is unclear. METHODS: Ultrasound guided PECS I and II blocks were performed in a cadaver, and the cadaver was dissected for evaluation of the spread of coloring matter. RESULTS: The coloring matter by PECS I block was spread to the axillary region between the major and minor pectoral muscles, while PECS II block remained over the fascia of the serratus muscle from mid-clavicular line to middle axillary line...
March 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Hironobu Ueshima, Wataru Iwamoto, Hiroshi Otake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
M A Pérez Herrero, S López Álvarez, A Fadrique Fuentes, F Manzano Lorefice, C Bartolomé Bartolomé, J González de Zárate
INTRODUCTION: The quality of postoperative recovery is one of the most important among all the quality indicators used in clinical situations. This is even more important after cancer surgery. Our aim was to evaluate this after non-reconstructive breast surgery under general anesthesia and paravertebral blockade or serratus-intercostal plane blockade, in the early and late post-operative period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on 60 patients (25 paravertebral blockade group and 35 serratus-intercostal plane blockade group) scheduled for non-reconstructive breast surgery during a 6 month period...
April 15, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
V Daga, M K Narayanan, J D Dedhia, P Gaur, H Crick, A Gaur
BACKGROUND: The Serratus anterior muscle plane (SAP) block has recently been described for the purpose of perioperative pain management following cases of trauma and breast surgery. It might prove a safer alternative to the other regional thoracic paravertebral and central neuraxial blockade techniques. There are no descriptive cadaveric studies in the pre-existing literature to delineate the anatomical plane for this novel technique. The main objectives for our study were to examine the location of the Serratus anterior muscle belly, assess the efficacy of achieving adequate delineation of the muscle plane utilising ultrasound imaging with agitated water as the contrast agent, and finally, to observe the extent of the cepahlo-caudal spread of the injectate in the SAP...
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Kayo Takimoto, Kaoru Nishijima, Mayu Ono
Persistent pain after breast cancer surgery (PPBCS) is defined as chronic neuropathic pain that persists for more than 3 months after surgery. The pain can be sufficiently severe to cause long-term disabilities and interfere with sleep and daily life. Serratus plane block (SPB) is a novel, ultrasound-guided regional anesthetic technique that is suggested to achieve complete anesthesia of the anterolateral chest wall. Here, we demonstrate the efficacy of SPB as one of the treatment modalities for patients with PPBCS...
March 2016: Pain Physician
Rakhi Khemka, Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rosina Ahmed, Taniya Datta, Sanjit Agarwal
Pecs block and its variations have been used for various breast surgeries. We describe 2 cases of mastectomy and breast reconstruction by latissimus dorsi (LD) flap where regional analgesia was provided by a combination of ultrasound-guided Pecs-I block and serratus anterior plane block, a recently described technique in which local anesthetic is deposited in the plane between the LD and serratus anterior muscle. This resulted in excellent intraoperative and postoperative analgesia and a minimum of systemic analgesics...
May 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Paolo Scimia, Franco Marinangeli, Tullio Pozone, Emiliano Petrucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Yuichi Ohgoshi, Motoi Yokozuka, Katsuyuki Terajima
BACKGROUND: Serratus-intercostal plane block (SIPB) is a novel ultrasound-guided thoracic wall nerve block reported recently. We performed SIPB for perioperative analgesia together with general anesthesia in patients undergoing partial mastectomy. METHODS: We chose the patients with breast cancer of upper to lower lateral quadrant or subareolar region. The patients received general anesthesia followed by ultrasound-guided SIPB. The needle was introduced in the midaxillary line at the level of the fourth or fifth rib...
June 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
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