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Microaggressions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116568/microaggressions-diabetes-distress-and-self-care-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Kelley J Sittner, Brenna L Greenfield, Melissa L Walls
American Indian/Alaska Native people experience the highest age-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes of any racial group in the United States, as well as high rates of related health problems. Chronic stressors such as perceived discrimination are important contributors to these persistent health disparities. The current study used structural equation modeling to examine the relationships between racial microaggressions, diabetes distress, and self-care behaviors (diet and exercise) in a sample of 192 American Indians with type 2 diabetes from the northern United States...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108521/minority-stressors-rumination-and-psychological-distress-in-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-sexual-minority-status
#2
Liam Timmins, Katharine A Rimes, Qazi Rahman
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals report higher levels of depression and anxiety than heterosexual people. Genetic factors may be a 'common cause' of sexual minority status and psychological distress. Alternatively, these may be correlated because of non-genetic environmental factors (e.g. minority stressors). This study investigated minority stressors and distress in monozygotic twins discordant for sexual minority status. This design provides a test of the role of non-shared environmental factors while minimizing differences due to genetics...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098598/anxiety-stress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-african-americans-negative-affectivity-does-not-explain-the-relationship-between-microaggressions-and-psychopathology
#3
Monnica T Williams, Jonathan W Kanter, Terence H W Ching
Prior research has demonstrated a clear relationship between experiences of racial microaggressions and various indicators of psychological unwellness. One concern with these findings is that the role of negative affectivity, considered a marker of neuroticism, has not been considered. Negative affectivity has previously been correlated to experiences of racial discrimination and psychological unwellness and has been suggested as a cause of the observed relationship between microaggressions and psychopathology...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048194/applying-intersectionality-to-explore-the-relations-between-gendered-racism-and-health-among-black-women
#4
Jioni A Lewis, Marlene G Williams, Erica J Peppers, Cecile A Gadson
The purpose of this study was to apply an intersectionality framework to explore the influence of gendered racism (i.e., intersection of racism and sexism) on health outcomes. Specifically, we applied intersectionality to extend a biopsychosocial model of racism to highlight the psychosocial variables that mediate and moderate the influence of gendered racial microaggressions (i.e., subtle gendered racism) on health outcomes. In addition, we tested aspects of this conceptual model by exploring the influence of gendered racial microaggressions on the mental and physical health of Black women...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966179/climate-study-of-the-learning-environment-for-faculty-staff-and-students-at-a-u-s-dental-school-foundation-for-culture-change
#5
C A Murdoch-Kinch, R E Duff, V Ramaswamy, T V Ester, S A Sponseller, J A Seeley
The aim of this study was to assess the culture and climate for diversity and inclusion and the humanistic learning environment for students, faculty, and staff at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. From July 2014 to June 2015, two committees of 16 faculty members, staff members, and students, in partnership with trained program evaluators, used a participatory program evaluation (PPE) process to conduct the assessment using key informant interviews, surveys, and focus groups. The topics addressed were humanistic environment, learning environment, diversity and inclusion, microaggressions and bullying, and activities and space...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857753/does-individual-stigma-predict-mental-health-funding-attitudes-toward-an-understanding-of-resource-allocation-and-social-climate
#6
Joseph S DeLuca, Timothy W Clement, Philip T Yanos
BACKGROUND: The uneven progression of mental health funding in the United States, and the way that the funding climate seems to be influenced by local and regional differences, raises the issue of what factors, including stigma, may impact mental health funding decisions. Criticisms that mental health stigma research is too individually-focused have led researchers to consider how broader, macro-level forms of stigma - such as structural stigma - intersect with micro-level forms of individual stigma...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760002/measuring-racial-microaggression-in-medical-practice
#7
Amanda Lee Almond
The purpose of this study was to validate the already existing Racial Microaggression in Counseling Scale (RMCS) when the term 'therapist' was replaced with 'physician', thus constituting the modification as the Racial Microaggression in Medical Practice Scale (RMMPS). Racial microaggressions work at reinforcing inferior social status on a cognitive level. Unlike overt racism, messages behind microaggression are subtler and more every day. A lack of acceptance, respect, and regard emerges from interactions in medical contexts as there are layers of in-group and out-group statuses at play (e...
August 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#8
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603300/microaggressions-discrimination-and-phenotype-among-african-americans-a-latent-class-analysis-of-the-impact-of-skin-tone-and-bmi
#9
Verna M Keith, Ann W Nguyen, Robert Joseph Taylor, Dawne M Mouzon, Linda M Chatters
Data from the 2001-2003National Survey of American Life are used to investigate the effects of phenotype on everyday experiences with discrimination among African Americans (N=3343). Latent class analysis is used to identify four classes of discriminatory treatment: 1) low levels of discrimination, 2) disrespect and condescension, 3) character-based discrimination, and 4) high levels of discrimination. We then employ latent class multinomial logistic regression to evaluate the association between skin tone and body weight and these four classes of discrimination...
May 2017: Sociological Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506202/subtle-and-severe-microaggressions-among-racially-diverse-sexual-minorities
#10
Amanda Weber, Shelly-Ann Collins, Tracy Robinson-Wood, Elda Zeko-Underwood, Bianca Poindexter
In recent years, understanding prejudice and discrimination toward minorities has developed to include the investigation of microaggressions. Microaggressions are brief and commonplace verbal, behavioral, or environmental indignities. They are intentional or unintentional and communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative slights toward racial and sexual minorities. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to chronicle the prevalence and type of microaggressions experienced among a sample of 18 highly educated and racially diverse sexual minorities, 24-65 years of age...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425723/decreases-in-implicit-self-esteem-explain-the-racial-impact-of-microaggressions-among-asian-americans
#11
Gloria Wong-Padoongpatt, Nolan Zane, Sumie Okazaki, Anne Saw
Asian Americans are commonly perceived as perpetual foreigners and, therefore, not "true" Americans. Asian Americans report inquiries about nationality and English abilities as the most common forms of racial microaggressions perpetrated by White Americans (Sue, 2015). Race theorists assert that these microaggressions are race-related and marginalize Asian Americans. Scholars have claimed that these subtle acts are harmful, yet only a few studies have uncovered the mechanisms by which racial microaggressions affect mental and physical well-being (Ong, Burrow, Fuller-Rowell, Ja, & Sue, 2013; Wong, Derthick, David, Saw, & Okazaki, 2013)...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394059/cultural-minority-students-experiences-with-intercultural-competency-in-medical-education
#12
Hannah Leyerzapf, Tineke Abma
CONTEXT: Medical schools increasingly value and focus on teaching students intercultural competency within present-day multicultural society. Little is known about the experiences of cultural minority students in intercultural competence activities. OBJECTIVES: This article discusses the intercultural competence activities of medical education in a Dutch university from the perspective of cultural minority students. We will formulate recommendations for how to stimulate intercultural competency in, as well as inclusiveness of, medical education...
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363356/diversity-dynamics-the-experience-of-male-robert-wood-johnson-foundation-nurse-faculty-scholars
#13
Abraham A Brody, Jason E Farley, Gordon L Gillespie, Ronald Hickman, Eric A Hodges, Courtney Lyder, Steven J Palazzo, Todd Ruppar, Martin Schiavenato, Daniel J Pesut
BACKGROUND: Managing diversity dynamics in academic or clinical settings for men in nursing has unique challenges resulting from their minority status within the profession. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to share challenges and lessons learned identified by male scholars in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program and suggest strategies for creating positive organizations promoting inclusive excellence. METHODS: Multiple strategies including informal mentored discussions and peer-to-peer dialogue throughout the program, formal online surveys of scholars and National Advisory Committee members, and review of scholar progress reports were analyzed as part of the comprehensive evaluation plan of the program...
May 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302846/microaggression-actions-outpace-evidence
#14
Brad Wible
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277943/microaggressions-and-marijuana-use-among-college-students
#15
George Pro, Ethan Sahker, Miesha Marzell
This study examines the association between exposure to microaggressions and marijuana use, using original survey data from a sample of racial/ethnic minority college students (n = 332) from a large Division I university in the United States. Nearly all of our sample (96%) reported at least one experience with microaggressions in the past 6 months, while 33% reported using marijuana regularly. We modeled regular use of marijuana using multiple logistic regression, with consideration of sex, age, race/ethnicity, and microaggression scale scores as covariates...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226283/social-ecological-correlates-of-polyvictimization-among-a-national-sample-of-transgender-genderqueer-and-cisgender-sexual-minority-adolescents
#16
Paul R Sterzing, G Allen Ratliff, Rachel E Gartner, Briana L McGeough, Kelly C Johnson
Polyvictimization is a common experience for youth in the United States, with 20% nationally experiencing five or more different forms of victimization in the last year. Utilizing a large, national convenience sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents (N = 1177, 14-19 years old), the current study aimed to (a) generate the first estimates of last year polyvictimization (including nine victimization subtypes) for transgender, genderqueer, and cisgender (i.e., assigned birth sex aligns with gender identity) sexual minority adolescents and (b) identify social ecological correlates of last year polyvictimization...
February 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087795/who-says-i-do-the-changing-context-of-marriage-and-health-and-quality-of-life-for-lgbt-older-adults
#17
Jayn Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Until recently, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults were excluded from full participation in civil marriage. The purpose of this study is to examine how legal marriage and relationship status are associated with health-promoting and at-risk factors, health, and quality of life of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) participants who resided in states with legalized same-sex marriage in 2014 (N = 1,821)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073338/microaggressions-and-daily-experience
#18
COMMENT
Anthony D Ong, Anthony L Burrow
Psychologists use the term microaggressions to describe subtle forms of bias and discrimination experienced by members of marginalized groups. Lilienfeld (2017, this issue) makes an important contribution to the literature by presenting a critical review of the meaning and measurement of microaggression experiences. In this commentary, we argue that advancing the construct of microaggressions rests on research approaches that move beyond static representations of individuals to dynamic frameworks that observe people's lives as they unfold day to day...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073337/microaggressions
#19
REVIEW
Scott O Lilienfeld
The microaggression concept has recently galvanized public discussion and spread to numerous college campuses and businesses. I argue that the microaggression research program (MRP) rests on five core premises, namely, that microaggressions (1) are operationalized with sufficient clarity and consensus to afford rigorous scientific investigation; (2) are interpreted negatively by most or all minority group members; (3) reflect implicitly prejudicial and implicitly aggressive motives; (4) can be validly assessed using only respondents' subjective reports; and (5) exert an adverse impact on recipients' mental health...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073335/microaggressions-and-evidence
#20
Derald Wing Sue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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