Read by QxMD icon Read

resveratrol and hcc

Chi-Tan Hu, Jia-Ru Wu, Chuan-Chu Cheng, Wen-Sheng Wu
The poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most devastating cancers worldwide, is due to frequent recurrence and metastasis. Among the metastatic factors in the tumor microenvironment, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been well known to play critical roles in tumor progression, including HCC. Therefore, c-Met is now regarded as the most promising therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC. However, there are still concerns about resistance and the side effects of using conventional inhibitors of c-Met, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors...
May 26, 2017: Cancers
Yu Yan, Cancan Zhou, Jie Li, Ke Chen, Guanghui Wang, Guangbing Wei, Mingwei Chen, Xuqi Li
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by hypervascularity. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play very important roles in HCC malignant progression, as these cells facilitate HCC tumorigenesis and metastasis. We demonstrated that HSCs induce angiogenesis in HCC by upregulating the expression of Gli-1, which stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and potentiates increases in HCC cell invasiveness. Resveratrol abolished HSC-induced angiogenesis and suppressed ROS production and IL-6 and CXCR4 receptor expression in HepG2 cells by down-regulating Gli-1 expression...
April 28, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Seungmo Park, Jihae Lim, Jong Rhan Kim, Seongbeom Cho
Liver cancer occurs very frequently worldwide and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for more than 80% of total primary liver cancer cases. Here, the anticarcinogenic effects of resveratrol against hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced HCC were investigated using HBV X-protein-overexpressing Huh7 (Huh7-HBx) human hepatoma cells. MTT assay showed that resveratrol decreased cell viability. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis showed that it induced G1 cell cycle arrest without increasing the sub-G1 phase cell population...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
Chao-Bin Yeh, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Chiao-Wen Lin, Hui-Ling Chiou, Pen-Yuan Lin, Tzy-Yen Chen, Shun-Fa Yang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056661.].
2017: PloS One
Feng Gao, Gang Deng, Wenbin Liu, Kechao Zhou, Ming Li
Resveratrol, one of the major polyphenols found in red wine, is suggested to have a role as a chemo-prevention or chemotherapy agent in various human cancer models. Herein, we report that resveratrol has a profound antitumor effect on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by down-regulation of the HGF-c-Met signaling pathway. Resveratrol inhibited anchorage-dependent and -independent growth of HCC cells in a dose-dependent manner. Short-term resveratrol exposure substantially decreased HGF-induced c-Met signaling pathway activation, and long-term exposure to resveratrol markedly inhibited c-Met expression on the cell membrane...
February 2017: Oncology Reports
Tomasz Charytoniuk, Krzysztof Drygalski, Karolina Konstantynowicz-Nowicka, Klaudia Berk, Adrian Chabowski
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered to be one of the most common liver pathologies that occur widely among societies with a predominance of the Western dietary pattern. NAFLD may progress from hepatic steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), subsequently leading to cirrhosis and becoming a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus its prevention and therapy play an important role in hepatology. To our knowledge, there is no effective treatment for patients with NAFLD. The aim of this review was to summarize the results of recent alternative treatment studies conducted both on cell cultures and in vivo that concern molecular effects of resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) in the treatment of NAFLD...
February 2017: Nutrition
Liying Guo, Kai Tan, Hao Wang, Xuan Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies and the second cause of cancer-related deaths around the world. Pterostilbene (PTE), is a natural analog of resveratrol, possessing diverse pharmacological activities. In the present study, we aimed to examine the effect of PTE on tumor growth in mouse models of HCC and to elucidate the possible molecular mechanism in vivo and in vitro. We showed that PTE dose-dependently suppressed tumor growth in mice induced by diethylnitrosamine plus carbon tetrachloride, as evidenced by a decrease in the number of tumors and in the maximum size of the tumors...
December 2016: Oncology Reports
Brittany A Potz, Isabella J Lawandy, Richard T Clements, Frank W Sellke
BACKGROUND: Autophagy serves as a cellular protective mechanism against alcohol-induced tissue injury but excessive autophagy can also be detrimental leading to apoptosis. Our laboratory has previously shown that moderate alcohol consumption alters expression of proteins in the insulin signaling pathway and worsens glucose metabolism in the liver in a swine model of metabolic syndrome. We examined the effect of alcohol consumption on apoptosis and autophagy signaling in the liver in our clinically relevant animal model of chronic hypercholesterolemia...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Fernando Salvador Moreno, Renato Heidor, Igor P Pogribny
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive and life-threatening disease often diagnosed at intermediate or advanced stages, which substantially limits therapeutic approaches to its successful treatment. This indicates that the prevention of HCC may be the most promising strategy in reducing its incidence and mortality. Emerging evidence indicates that numerous nutrients and nonnutrient dietary bioactive components can reduce the occurrence and/or delay the development of HCC through modifications of deregulated epigenetic mechanisms...
July 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Bishnubrata Patra, Chien-Chung Peng, Wei-Hao Liao, Chau-Hwang Lee, Yi-Chung Tung
Three-dimensional (3D) tumor spheroid possesses great potential as an in vitro model to improve predictive capacity for pre-clinical drug testing. In this paper, we combine advantages of flow cytometry and microfluidics to perform drug testing and analysis on a large number (5000) of uniform sized tumor spheroids. The spheroids are formed, cultured, and treated with drugs inside a microfluidic device. The spheroids can then be harvested from the device without tedious operation. Due to the ample cell numbers, the spheroids can be dissociated into single cells for flow cytometry analysis...
February 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mi-Hua Liu, Xiao-Long Lin, Jian Li, Jun He, Tian-Ping Tan, Shao-Jian Wu, Shan Yu, Li Chen, Jun Liu, Wei Tian, Yu-Dan Chen, Hong-Yun Fu, Cong Yuan, Yuan Zhang
Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in wine, which is mainly produced by the grapevine and exerts chemopreventive effects against hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms have remained to be fully elucidated. The present study assessed whether resveratrol-induced apoptosis was mediated via the activation of the forkhead box O3a (FoxO3a) transcription factor. It was demonstrated that resveratrol treatment induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, and that this pro-apoptotic effect was accompanied with increases in the expression of apoptotic protein Bim...
February 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Guiyuan Ji, Yuqi Wang, Yingxun Deng, Xin Li, Zhuoqin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease that can progress to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and eventually hepatocellular carcinoma. Resveratrol, a naturally occurring phytoalexin, is believed to have therapeutic effects on hepatic steatosis. However, the effect of resveratrol on NASH and the underlying mechanism is not fully illustrated. In the present study, we aimed to exam the effect of resveratrol on methionine/choline-deficient (MCD) diet or medium-induced hepatic steatosis, oxidation and inflammation, and to explore the possible mechanism...
2015: Lipids in Health and Disease
Federico Salomone, Justyna Godos, Shira Zelber-Sagi
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the progressive form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is emerging as a main health problem in industrialized countries. Lifestyle modifications are effective in the treatment of NAFLD; however, the long-term compliance is low. Therefore, several pharmacological treatments have been proposed but none has shown significant efficacy or long-term safety. Natural polyphenols are a heterogeneous class of polyphenolic compounds contained in vegetables, which are being proposed for the treatment of different metabolic disorders...
January 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Jun-Ichi Okano, Yuki Fujise, Ryo Abe, Ryu Imamoto, Yoshikazu Murawaki
Since the majority of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arises from a background of chronic liver diseases caused by infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV), chemoprevention targeting patients at high risk of HCC is feasible. In this review article, we summarize current knowledge of chemoprevention against HCC mostly using phytochemicals which have less toxicity than pharmaceutical agents. We describe in vivo and in vitro evidence and proposed mechanisms of beneficial effects of several compounds on the liver, including acyclic retinoid (ACR), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), caffeine, capsaicin, cepharanthine (CEP), cinnamaldehyde, curcumin, diallyl sulfide (DAS), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), genistein, lycopene, resveratrol, silymarin, sulforaphane (SFN), and xanthohumol (XN)...
August 2011: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Subhash K Das, Jessica DesAulniers, Jason R B Dyck, Zamaneh Kassiri, Gavin Y Oudit
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abnormal iron metabolism and hepatic iron-overload is a major cause of liver injury and in the development of chronic liver diseases. Iron-overload-mediated liver disease leads to end-stage cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: Using a genetic hemochromatosis (hemojuvelin knockout mice) and non-genetic (secondary iron-overload) murine models of hepatic iron-overload, we elucidated the mechanism of hepatic iron injury and the therapeutic effects of resveratrol...
February 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Licia Polimeni, Maria Del Ben, Francesco Baratta, Ludovica Perri, Fabiana Albanese, Daniele Pastori, Francesco Violi, Francesco Angelico
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents the most common and emerging chronic liver disease worldwide. It includes a wide spectrum of liver diseases ranging from simple fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which may progress to fibrosis and more severe liver complications such as cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver mortality. NAFLD is strongly associated with obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia, and is now regarded as the liver manifestation of the metabolic syndrome...
June 8, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
Weiqi Dai, Fan Wang, Jie Lu, Yujing Xia, Lei He, Kan Chen, Jingjing Li, Sainan Li, Tong Liu, Yuanyuan Zheng, Jianrong Wang, Wenxia Lu, Yuqing Zhou, Qin Yin, Huerxidan Abudumijiti, Rongxia Chen, Rong Zhang, Li Zhou, Zheng Zhou, Rong Zhu, Jing Yang, Chengfen Wang, Huawei Zhang, Yingqun Zhou, Ling Xu, Chuanyong Guo
Cancer cells exhibit an altered metabolic phenotype known as the aerobic glycolysis. The expression of HK2 changes the metabolic phenotype of cells to support cancerous growth. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of resveratrol on HK2 expression and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell glycolysis. Aerobic glycolysis was observed in four HCC cell lines compared to the normal hepatic cells. Resveratrol sensitized aerobic glycolytic HCC cells to apoptosis, and this effect was attenuated by glycolytic inhibitors...
May 30, 2015: Oncotarget
Chiao-Fang Teng, Wen-Chuan Hsieh, Han-Chieh Wu, Yih-Jyh Lin, Hung-Wen Tsai, Wenya Huang, Ih-Jen Su
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-S2 mutant can induce hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) via the induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress to activate mammalian target of rapamycin (MTOR) signaling. The association of metabolic syndrome with HBV-related HCC raises the possibility that pre-S2 mutant-induced MTOR activation may drive the development of metabolic disorders to promote tumorigenesis in chronic HBV infection. To address this issue, glucose metabolism and gene expression profiles were analyzed in transgenic mice livers harboring pre-S2 mutant and in an in vitro culture system...
2015: PloS One
Tung-Wu Chang, Chueh-Yu Lin, Yin-Jeh Tzeng, Huu-Sheng Lur
AIM: To determine the combinative effects of tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) and trans-resveratrol (Resv) on cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest and DNA fragmentation in HepG2 human liver cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity was detected by the cell proliferation and cytotoxicity WST-1 assay. Cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis were determined using flow cytometry analysis. DNA fragments were separated by gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: Tan IIA and Resv at mixture ratios of 1/2:1/2 and 1/3:2/3 exerted synergistic cytotoxicity comparable to that of cisplatin...
October 2014: Anticancer Research
Masahiko Tameda, Kazushi Sugimoto, Katsuya Shiraki, Yuji Inagaki, Suguru Ogura, Chika Kasai, Misao Yoneda, Ryuji Okamoto, Norihiko Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki Takei, Masaaki Ito, Tsutomu Nobori
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol found in a wide variety of plants, including grapes, berries, and peanuts. Resveratrol can modulate a wide spectrum of molecular targets, including those involved in cancer signaling pathways. Here, we evaluated the role of resveratrol in tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and examined the molecular mechanisms in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2. We used the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay to assess cell viability, flow cytometry to analyze cell cycle and apoptosis, and immunoblotting to detect protein expression...
October 2014: Anti-cancer Drugs
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"