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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#1
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633672/influence-of-the-number-and-timing-of-malaria-episodes-during-pregnancy-on-prematurity-and-small-for-gestational-age-in-an-area-of-low-transmission
#2
Kerryn A Moore, Julie A Simpson, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Aung Myat Min, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Jathee Raksuansak, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Freya J I Fowkes, Nicholas J White, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Most evidence on the association between malaria in pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes focuses on falciparum malaria detected at birth. We assessed the association between the number and timing of falciparum and vivax malaria episodes during pregnancy on small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth. METHODS: We analysed observational data collected from antenatal clinics on the Thailand-Myanmar border (1986-2015). We assessed the effects of the total number of malaria episodes in pregnancy on SGA and the effects of malaria in pregnancy on SGA, very preterm birth, and late preterm birth, by the gestational age at malaria detection and treatment using logistic regression models with time-dependent malaria variables (monthly intervals)...
June 21, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632781/climate-change-and-marine-fisheries-least-developed-countries-top-global-index-of-vulnerability
#3
Robert Blasiak, Jessica Spijkers, Kanae Tokunaga, Jeremy Pittman, Nobuyuki Yagi, Henrik Österblom
Future impacts of climate change on marine fisheries have the potential to negatively influence a wide range of socio-economic factors, including food security, livelihoods and public health, and even to reshape development trajectories and spark transboundary conflict. Yet there is considerable variability in the vulnerability of countries around the world to these effects. We calculate a vulnerability index of 147 countries by drawing on the most recent data related to the impacts of climate change on marine fisheries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631983/-worse-than-hiv-the-logics-of-cancer-screening-avoidance-in-swaziland
#4
Nomthandazo Malambo, Susan Erikson
This article shows the consequences of competing global health agendas within differential clinical and social worlds. Specifically, it examines how HIV's prominence in local clinical programming in Swaziland influences cervical cancer screening rates. Drawing on 2014 ethnographic research conducted in a semi-urban town in Swaziland, the interview and participant observation data show the relative scarcity of cervical cancer care and the consequences of HIV/AIDS funding and programming dominance. 20 women and 7 health workers were interviewed in homes, clinics and small businesses...
June 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631354/cross-population-myelination-covariance-of-human-cerebral-cortex
#5
Zhiwei Ma, Nanyin Zhang
Cross-population covariance of brain morphometric quantities provides a measure of interareal connectivity, as it is believed to be determined by the coordinated neurodevelopment of connected brain regions. Although useful, structural covariance analysis predominantly employed bulky morphological measures with mixed compartments, whereas studies of the structural covariance of any specific subdivisions such as myelin are rare. Characterizing myelination covariance is of interest, as it will reveal connectivity patterns determined by coordinated development of myeloarchitecture between brain regions...
June 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631259/preventive-healthcare-and-health-promotion-in-local-governments-based-on-the-example-of-health-policy-programmes-concerned-with-cardiovascular-diseases-implemented-in-poland-in-2009-2014
#6
Anna Augustynowicz, Aleksandra Czerw, Mariola Kowalska, Krzysztof Bobiński, Adam Fronczak
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the cause of over 4.3 million deaths in the World Health Organisation European Region and around 1.9 million deaths in the European Union member states alone. They are also the number-one cause of death in Poland. In 2010 CVDs accounted for 46% of all deaths, and in 2013 - 45.8%. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the performance of the tasks of local government units in the area of preventive healthcare and health promotion on the basis of health policy programmes concerning CVD...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629678/history-of-electromyography-and-nerve-conduction-studies-a-tribute-to-the-founding-fathers
#7
REVIEW
Mohamed Kazamel, Paula Province Warren
The early development of nerve conduction studies (NCS) and electromyography (EMG) was linked to the discovery of electricity. This relationship had been concluded by observing the effect of applying electricity to the body of an animal and discovering that nerves and muscles themselves could produce electricity. We attempt to review the historical evolution of NCS and EMG over the last three centuries by reviewing the landmark publications of Galvani, Adrian, Denny-Brown, Larrabee, and Lambert. In 1771, Galvani showed that electrical stimulation of animal muscle tissue produced contraction and, thereby, the concept of animal electricity was born...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624207/identification-of-novel-fibrosis-modifiers-by-in%C3%A2-vivo-sirna-silencing
#8
Elisabeth H Vollmann, Lizhi Cao, Aldo Amatucci, Taylor Reynolds, Stefan Hamann, Isin Dalkilic-Liddle, Thomas O Cameron, Markus Hossbach, Kevin J Kauffman, Faryal F Mir, Daniel G Anderson, Tatiana Novobrantseva, Victor Koteliansky, Tatiana Kisseleva, David Brenner, Jeremy Duffield, Linda C Burkly
Fibrotic diseases contribute to 45% of deaths in the industrialized world, and therefore a better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying tissue fibrosis is sorely needed. We aimed to identify novel modifiers of tissue fibrosis expressed by myofibroblasts and their progenitors in their disease microenvironment through RNA silencing in vivo. We leveraged novel biology, targeting genes upregulated during liver and kidney fibrosis in this cell lineage, and employed small interfering RNA (siRNA)-formulated lipid nanoparticles technology to silence these genes in carbon-tetrachloride-induced liver fibrosis in mice...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623504/biosorption-of-chromium-vi-from-aqueous-solutions-and-ann-modelling
#9
Soma Nag, Abhijit Mondal, Nirjhar Bar, Sudip Kumar Das
The use of sustainable, green and biodegradable natural wastes for Cr(VI) detoxification from the contaminated wastewater is considered as a challenging issue. The present research is aimed to assess the effectiveness of seven different natural biomaterials, such as jackfruit leaf, mango leaf, onion peel, garlic peel, bamboo leaf, acid treated rubber leaf and coconut shell powder, for Cr(VI) eradication from aqueous solution by biosorption process. Characterizations were conducted using SEM, BET and FTIR spectroscopy...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622528/band-specific-atypical-functional-connectivity-pattern-in-childhood-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Tetsuya Takahashi, Teruya Yamanishi, Sou Nobukawa, Shinya Kasakawa, Yuko Yoshimura, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Takashi Ikeda, Tetsu Hirosawa, Toshio Munesue, Haruhiro Higashida, Yoshio Minabe, Mitsuru Kikuchi
OBJECTIVE: Altered brain connectivity has been theorized as a key neural underpinning of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but recent investigations have revealed conflicting patterns of connectivity, particularly hyper-connectivity and hypo-connectivity across age groups. The application of graph theory to neuroimaging data has become an effective approach for characterizing topographical patterns of large-scale functional networks. We used a graph approach to investigate alteration of functional networks in childhood ASD...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622180/a-prospective-study-of-loose-tissue-fragments-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-resection-specimens-an-alternative-view-to-spread-through-air-spaces
#11
Hans Blaauwgeers, Douglas Flieder, Arne Warth, Alexander Harms, Kim Monkhorst, Birgit Witte, Erik Thunnissen
The World Health Organization Classification of Lung Tumors considers "Spread Through Air Spaces" a form of invasion in lung adenocarcinoma. The recently described spread of free-floating cell clusters during lung specimen sectioning, otherwise known as "Spread Through A Knife Surface," represents an ex vivo artifact. The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the presence and frequency of these free-floating tumor cell clusters in surgically resected lung cancer specimens and their possible relation to gross examination procedures...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620273/state-dependent-decoding-algorithms-improve-the-performance-of-a-bidirectional-bmi-in-anesthetized-rats
#12
Vito De Feo, Fabio Boi, Houman Safaai, Arno Onken, Stefano Panzeri, Alessandro Vato
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) promise to improve the quality of life of patients suffering from sensory and motor disabilities by creating a direct communication channel between the brain and the external world. Yet, their performance is currently limited by the relatively small amount of information that can be decoded from neural activity recorded form the brain. We have recently proposed that such decoding performance may be improved when using state-dependent decoding algorithms that predict and discount the large component of the trial-to-trial variability of neural activity which is due to the dependence of neural responses on the network's current internal state...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619398/global-burden-of-disease-of-mercury-used-in-artisanal-small-scale-gold-mining
#13
Nadine Steckling, Myriam Tobollik, Dietrich Plass, Claudia Hornberg, Bret Ericson, Richard Fuller, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is the world's largest anthropogenic source of mercury emission. Gold miners are highly exposed to metallic mercury and suffer occupational mercury intoxication. The global disease burden as a result of this exposure is largely unknown because the informal character of ASGM restricts the availability of reliable data. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of occupational mercury intoxication and the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to chronic metallic mercury vapor intoxication (CMMVI) among ASGM gold miners globally and in selected countries...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618497/synchronization-of-fluctuating-delay-coupled-chaotic-networks
#14
Manuel Jiménez-Martín, Javier Rodríguez-Laguna, Otti D'Huys, Javier de la Rubia, Elka Korutcheva
We study the synchronization of chaotic units connected through time-delayed fluctuating interactions. Focusing on small-world networks of Bernoulli and Logistic units with a fixed chiral backbone, we compare the synchronization properties of static and fluctuating networks in the regime of large delays. We find that random network switching may enhance the stability of synchronized states. Synchronization appears to be maximally stable when fluctuations are much faster than the time-delay, whereas it disappears for very slow fluctuations...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617796/egocentric-and-allocentric-representations-in-auditory-cortex
#15
Stephen M Town, W Owen Brimijoin, Jennifer K Bizley
A key function of the brain is to provide a stable representation of an object's location in the world. In hearing, sound azimuth and elevation are encoded by neurons throughout the auditory system, and auditory cortex is necessary for sound localization. However, the coordinate frame in which neurons represent sound space remains undefined: classical spatial receptive fields in head-fixed subjects can be explained either by sensitivity to sound source location relative to the head (egocentric) or relative to the world (allocentric encoding)...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615837/trypanocidal-action-of-lippia-alba-and-lippia-origanoides-essential-oils-against-trypanosoma-evansi-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-used-mice-as-experimental-model
#16
Matheus D Baldissera, Carine de Freitas Souza, Rosa Helena Veras Mourão, Lenise Vargas Flores da Silva, Silvia G Monteiro
Parasitic diseases have an enormous health and economic impact and are a particular problem in tropical regions of the world. Disease caused by protozoa, such as trypanosomiasis, are the cause of most parasite related morbidity and mortality. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the trypanocidal effectiveness of Lippia alba and Lippia origanoides against Trypanosoma evansi in vitro and in vivo. L. alba and L. origanoides were used in vitro on trypomastigotes at different concentrations (0.5, 1.0 and 2...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615334/diffusion-weighted-tractography-in-the-common-marmoset-monkey-at-9-4-t
#17
David J Schaeffer, Ramina Adam, Kyle M Gilbert, Joseph S Gati, Alex X Li, Ravi S Menon, Stefan Everling
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a small New World primate that is becoming increasingly popular in the neurosciences as an animal model of preclinical human disease. With several major disorders characterized by alterations in neural white matter (e.g., multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, schizophrenia) proposed to be transgenically modelled using marmosets, the ability to reliably isolate and characterize major white matter fiber tracts with MRI will be of utility for evaluating structural brain changes related to disease processes and symptomatology...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610721/cationic-liposomal-vectors-incorporating-a-bolaamphiphile-for-oligonucleotide-antimicrobials
#18
Marianna Mamusa, Leopoldo Sitia, Francesco Barbero, Angels Ruyra, Teresa Díaz Calvo, Costanza Montis, Ana Gonzalez-Paredes, Grant N Wheeler, Christopher J Morris, Michael McArthur, Debora Berti
Antibacterial resistance has become a serious crisis for world health over the last few decades, so that new therapeutic approaches are strongly needed to face the threat of resistant infections. Transcription factor decoys (TFD) are a promising new class of antimicrobial oligonucleotides with proven in vivo activity when combined with a bolaamphiphilic cationic molecule, 12-bis-THA. These two molecular species form stable nanoplexes which, however, present very scarce colloidal stability in physiological media, which poses the challenge of drug formulation and delivery...
June 10, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610254/three-new-macropsini-hemiptera-cicadellidae-leafhopper-species-from-australia
#19
Liyuan Yang, Christopher H Dietrich, Yalin Zhang
Three new species, Macropsella recta, Toropsis minuspina and Varicopsella apecurvata spp. nov. are described and illustrated from Australia.       Leafhoppers of the subfamily Macropsinae are found abundantly in the Holarctic, Oriental and Australian regions (Linnavuori, 1978) and have been collected from around the world, except for Antarctica, Oceania and South America (Hamilton, 1980). Both Hamilton (1980) and Evans (1966) suggested that there were likely a myriad of uncollected and undescribed species in Australia alone and Evans (1971) commented that the Macropsinae are possibly more abundant in Australia than anywhere else in the world...
June 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610221/first-record-of-spongillaflies-neuroptera-sisyridae-from-colombia
#20
Adrian Ardila-Camacho, Caleb C Martins
The family Sisyridae (spongillaflies) is a small group of neuropterans distributed in all Biogeographic realms (Cover & Resh 2008). As in Nevrorthidae, Sisyridae is distinguished among other Neuroptera families by their strictly aquatic larvae (Wichard et al. 2002). The phylogenetic relationships of Sisyridae have been controversial i.e. the family was recovered at different positions within the Neuropterida phylogeny as a basal group among members of Neuroptera or whitin the suborder Hemerobiiformia with a very variable placement (Randolf et al...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
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