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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336964/na-rich-layered-na2ti1-xcrxo3-x-2-x%C3%A2-%C3%A2-0-0-06-na-ion-battery-cathode-materials-with-high-capacity-and-long-cycle-life
#1
Shufeng Song, Masashi Kotobuki, Yingqian Chen, Sergei Manzhos, Chaohe Xu, Ning Hu, Li Lu
Rechargeable lithium batteries have been well-known and indispensable for portable electronic devices, and have the potential to be used in electric vehicles and smart grids. However, the growing concerns about the availability of lithium resources for large-scale applications have revived interest in sodium ion batteries. Of many obstacles to commercialization of Na-ion batteries, achieving simultaneously a large reversible capacity and good cycling capability of electrode materials remains a major challenge...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330392/from-devastation-to-recovery-and-revival-in-the-aftermath-of-fukushima-s-nuclear-power-plants-accident
#2
Hitoshi Ohto, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Hiroshi Kainuma, Keiya Fujimori, Kenneth E Nollet
Japan's earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in March 2011 forced the evacuation of 185 000 residents. Psychological and social impacts exacerbated by long-term evacuation and widespread rumors have influenced residents' physical and mental health, despite the fact that no direct fatalities occurred from radiation exposure. However, during the 5 years following the accident, steady recovery in industrial and economic activity has lessened previously widespread, deeply rooted stigma and self-stigma among a significant number of affected victims...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327219/intelligence-competitive-altruism-and-clever-silliness-may-underlie-bias-in-academe
#3
Guy Madison, Edward Dutton, Charlotta Stern
Why is social bias and its depressing effects on low-status or low-performing groups exaggerated? We show that the higher intelligence of academics has at best a very weak effect on reducing their bias, facilitates superficially justifying their biases, and may make them better at understanding the benefits of social conformity in general and competitive altruism specifically. We foresee a surge in research examining these mechanisms and recommend, meanwhile, reviving and better observing scientific ideals.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321614/freeze-thaw-revival-of-rotifers-and-algae-in-a-desiccated-high-elevation-5500-meters-microbial-mat-high-andes-per%C3%A3%C2%BA
#4
S K Schmidt, J L Darcy, Pacifica Sommers, Eva Gunawan, J E Knelman, Karina Yager
This is the first study of the highest elevation cyanobacteria-dominated microbial mat yet described. The desiccated mat was sampled in 2010 from an ephemeral rock pool at 5500 m above sea level in the Cordillera Vilcanota of southern Perú. After being frozen for 6 years at -20 °C in the lab, pieces of the mat were sequenced to fully characterize both the 16 and 18S microbial communities and experiments were conducted to determine if organisms in the mat could revive and become active under the extreme freeze-thaw conditions that these mats experience in the field...
March 21, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318856/balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-in-the-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-era-a-single-center-registry
#5
Ana Rita G Francisco, Miguel Nobre Menezes, Pedro Carrilho Ferreira, Cláudia Jorge, Doroteia Silva, Eduardo Infante de Oliveira, Fausto J Pinto, Pedro Canas da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) has been limited by the risk of complications and restenosis. However, growing use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has revived interest in this technique. We analyzed the current indications for BAV and outcomes in a single center. METHODS: Acute results and long-term outcomes were analyzed in a retrospective single-center registry of patients undergoing BAV between January 2013 and January 2016...
March 16, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318539/a-revival-of-the-homo-loquens-as-a-builder-of-labeled-structures-neurocognitive-considerations
#6
REVIEW
T Goucha, E Zaccarella, A D Friederici
The core capacity of human language is described as the faculty to combine words into hierarchical structures. This review aims to isolate the fundamental computation behind the language faculty together with its neural implementation. First, we present our central hypothesis by confronting recent linguistic theory with evolutionary arguments: linguistic humaniqueness is reflected in the labeling of word combinations forming asymmetric hierarchical structures. Second, we review the neurolinguistic literature, especially focusing on dual-stream connectivity models...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317796/quantum-statistics-for-a-two-mode-magnon-system-with-microwave-pumping-application-to-coupled-ferromagnetic-nanowires
#7
Zahra Haghshenasfard, Michael G Cottam
A microscopic (Hamiltonian-based) method for the quantum statistics of bosonic excitations in a two-mode magnon system is developed. Both the exchange and the dipole-dipole interactions, as well as the Zeeman term for an external applied field, are included in the spin Hamiltonian, and the model also contains the nonlinear effects due to parallel pumping and four-magnon interactions. The quantization of spin operators is achieved through the Holstein-Primakoff formalism, and then a coherent magnon state representation is used to study the occupation magnon number and the quantum statistical behaviour of the system...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306360/the-antibiotic-pipeline-reviving-research-and-development-and-speeding-drugs-to-market
#8
Katherine H Luepke, John F Mohr
The combination of growing antimicrobial resistance with a dry pipeline has resulted in infections that can no longer be treated. Specific reasons have led to companies' exit from the antibacterial space, however recent incentives are spurring interest to reinvigorate the pipeline. Areas Covered: This article summarizes the available information on the discovery, developmental, and regulatory challenges in antibacterial development that have led to disinterest in the space, as well as ongoing incentives such as public-private partnerships and streamlined pathways to mend these challenges and bring new antibiotics to patients in need...
March 17, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301133/chemical-interface-damping-depends-on-electrons-reaching-the-surface
#9
Benjamin Foerster, Anneli Joplin, Katharina Kaefer, Sirin Celiksoy, Stephan Link, Carsten Sönnichsen
Metallic nanoparticles show extraordinary strong light absorption near their plasmon resonance, orders of magnitude larger compared to nonmetallic nanoparticles. This "antenna" effect has recently been exploited to transfer electrons into empty states of an attached material, for example to create electric currents in photovoltaic devices or to induce chemical reactions. It is generally assumed that plasmons decay into hot electrons, which then transfer to the attached material. Ultrafast electron-electron scattering reduces the lifetime of hot electrons drastically in metals and therefore strongly limits the efficiency of plasmon induced hot electron transfer...
March 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298786/comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-magnesium-sulfate-as-adjuvants-with-ropivacaine-for-spinal-anesthesia-in-infraumbilical-surgeries-and-postoperative-analgesia
#10
Reena Makhni, Joginder Pal Attri, Payal Jain, Veena Chatrath
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain is a major cause of fear and anxiety in hospitalized patients and so if patients remain pain-free during this period, they can cooperate with the circumstances well, leading to early recovery. Over the last two decades, there has been considerable revival of interest in the use of regional anesthesia techniques for surgery and pain management. As very few studies have been conducted using ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) as adjuvants, the present study was undertaken with primary aims to compare the hemodynamic stability, onset and duration of sensory and motor block and with secondary aims of the postoperative analgesic effect of dexmedetomidine and MgSO4 along with ropivacaine...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295024/avoiding-disentanglement-of-multipartite-entangled-optical-beams-with-a-correlated-noisy-channel
#11
Xiaowei Deng, Caixing Tian, Xiaolong Su, Changde Xie
A quantum communication network can be constructed by distributing a multipartite entangled state to space-separated nodes. Entangled optical beams with highest flying speed and measurable brightness can be used as carriers to convey information in quantum communication networks. Losses and noises existing in real communication channels will reduce or even totally destroy entanglement. The phenomenon of disentanglement will result in the complete failure of quantum communication. Here, we present the experimental demonstrations on the disentanglement and the entanglement revival of tripartite entangled optical beams used in a quantum network...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294249/visible-light-mediated-c2-amination-of-thiophenes-by-using-ddq-as-an-organophotocatalyst
#12
Chunlan Song, Hong Yi, Bowen Dou, Yiying Li, Atul K Singh, Aiwen Lei
In this work, a direct C-H activation of thiophenes was presented via an oxidation pathway under visible-light irradiation, in which the thiophene radical cation serves as the key intermediate. Various thiophenes and azoles could be transformed into the corresponding amination products well, and H2O was the only byproduct which is environmentally benign. Our results showed that tert-butyl nitrite (TBN) served as the electron transfer mediator and O2 as the terminal oxidant to regenerate the photocatalyst DDQ and revive the photocatalytic cycle...
March 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284264/exclusion-of-the-other-revival-of-an-age-old-political-paradigm
#13
Jürgen Noeske, Christopher Kuaban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282421/comparison-of-vitality-states-of-finishers-and-withdrawers-in-trail-running-an-enactive-and-phenomenological-perspective
#14
Nadège Rochat, Denis Hauw, Roberta Antonini Philippe, Fabienne Crettaz von Roten, Ludovic Seifert
Studies on ultra-endurance suggest that during the races, athletes typically experience three vitality states (i.e., preservation, loss, and revival) at the phenomenological level. Nevertheless, how these states contribute to the management and outcome of performance remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether and how the vitality states experienced by runners and their evolution during a trail race can be used to distinguish finishers from withdrawers. From an enactive and phenomenological framework, we processed enactive interviews and blog posts of race narratives...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282194/electron-dynamics-upon-ionization-of-polyatomic-molecules-coupling-to-quantum-nuclear-motion-and-decoherence
#15
Morgane Vacher, Michael J Bearpark, Michael A Robb, João Pedro Malhado
Knowledge about the electronic motion in molecules is essential for our understanding of chemical reactions and biological processes. The advent of attosecond techniques opens up the possibility to induce electronic motion, observe it in real time, and potentially steer it. A fundamental question remains the factors influencing electronic decoherence and the role played by nuclear motion in this process. Here, we simulate the dynamics upon ionization of the polyatomic molecules paraxylene and modified bismethylene-adamantane, with a quantum mechanical treatment of both electron and nuclear dynamics using the direct dynamics variational multiconfigurational Gaussian method...
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280787/the-stuffed-animal-sleepover-enhancement-of-reading-and-the-duration-of-the-effect
#16
Yoshihiro S Okazaki, Atsushi Asakawa, Kentaro Ishii, Yuki Yamada
Stuffed animal sleepover programs have been conducted by libraries worldwide. This study sought to (1) determine whether the stuffed animal sleepover program increased children's reading and (2) examine the duration of the effect. Forty-two children who attended preschool participated in the study. The results indicated that the number of children who read picture books to stuffed animals increased following the program, but the program's effect decreased within three days. One month later, the children were reminded of the stuffed animal sleepover program...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277865/the-impact-of-antidepressant-treatments-on-family-functioning-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-post-hoc-comparison-of-vortioxetine-and-agomelatine
#17
Clément François, Rebecca Nielsen, Natalya Danchenko, Valerie Williams, Christophe Lançon
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on the impact of antidepressant treatment on family functioning. This study examines the impact of vortioxetine and agomelatine on family functioning using the Depression and Family Functioning Scale (DFFS). METHODS: The DFFS was included in REVIVE, a randomized, double-blind study of adults with major depressive disorder with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment who switched to vortioxetine or agomelatine. The prespecified DFFS analyses were performed using change from baseline to weeks 8 and 12, analyzed by mixed models for repeated measurements by treatment groups...
February 23, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277131/macro-regional-variation-in-attitudes-toward-and-experiences-of-vulvar-and-vaginal-atrophy-among-italian-post-menopausal-women-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-revive-survey-data
#18
Rossella E Nappi, Martire Particco, Nicoletta Biglia, Angelo Cagnacci, Costantino Di Carlo, Stefano Luisi, Anna Maria Paoletti
Italian participants in the European REVIVE survey reported that vaginal and vulvar atrophy (VVA) impaired various aspects of their lives, notably the ability to enjoy sex. The aim of the present study was to explore regional differences in knowledge, experiences, and treatment of VVA in the Italian REVIVE sample (n = 1000), which was analyzed according to region of residence. While many respondents were unfamiliar with the VVA condition, most could relate their VVA symptoms to the menopause. The rate of diagnosis of VVA was twice as high in Central Italy as in the North-East...
February 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276991/evaluation-of-common-elbow-pathologies-a-focus-on-physical-examination
#19
Joseph Laratta, Jon-Michael Caldwell, Joseph Lombardi, William Levine, Christopher Ahmad
Elbow tendinopathy accounts for the majority of elbow pathology in patients presenting to upper extremity and sports medicine surgeons. With increased participation in overhead sports in an aging population, the incidence of elbow injuries has risen. A comprehensive knowledge of elbow anatomy and biomechanical function of the elbow complex is prerequisite in the assessment of patients with elbow injuries; however, a thorough understanding of alternative and confounding pathologies is essential for accurate diagnosis...
February 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276836/biomass-behaviour-in-a-conventional-activated-sludge-system-treating-olive-mill-wastewater
#20
Tawfik El Moussaoui, Yasamine Jaouad, Laila Mandi, Benoît Marrot, Naaila Ouazzani
The current work aims to study the biomass behaviour in a continuous mode activated sludge system (ASS) treating olive mill wastewater (OMWW) through an increasing OMWW food to microorganism ration (F/M). To this end, the biomass growth, the specific oxygen uptake rate (SOUR), microbial characterization, sludge volume index (SVI) as well as COD and phenolic compounds removal efficiencies were examined over time. Results showed a successful growth of the biomass that reached 6.79 gTSS l(-1) and 5.42 gVSS l(-1)...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Technology
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