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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546983/efficacy-of-purposeful-educational-workshop-of-medical-and-nonmedical-interventions-based-on-needs-assessments-in-nurses
#1
Abbas Attari, Mahin Aminoroaia, Mohammd Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: The medical and nonmedical care of patients is the necessary skills in nursing profession. That it needs proper knowledge and attitude. Hence, it is important to promote nurses' knowledge and attitude by education based on need assessment. This study aimed to define the efficacy of a medical and nonmedical intervention educational workshop on nurses' knowledge and attitude until 3 months after holding the workshop in psychiatric wards of educational hospitals in Isfahan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental study...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537771/atmospheric-constraints-on-the-surface-uv-environment-of-mars-at-3-9%C3%A2-ga-relevant-to-prebiotic-chemistry
#2
Sukrit Ranjan, Robin Wordsworth, Dimitar D Sasselov
Recent findings suggest that Mars may have been a clement environment for the emergence of life and may even have compared favorably to Earth in this regard. These findings have revived interest in the hypothesis that prebiotically important molecules or even nascent life may have formed on Mars and been transferred to Earth. UV light plays a key role in prebiotic chemistry. Characterizing the early martian surface UV environment is key to understanding how Mars compares to Earth as a venue for prebiotic chemistry...
May 24, 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534781/reviving-the-two-state-markov-chain-approach
#3
Andrzej Mizera, Jun Pang, Qixia Yuan
Probabilistic Boolean networks (PBNs) is a well-established computational framework for modelling biological systems. The steady-state dynamics of PBNs is of crucial importance in the study of such systems. However, for large PBNs, which often arise in systems biology, obtaining the steady-state distribution poses a significant challenge. In this paper, we revive the two-state Markov chain approach to solve this problem. This paper contributes in three aspects. First, we identify a problem of generating biased results with the approach and we propose a few heuristics to avoid such a pitfall...
May 16, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533800/high-dose-rate-interstitial-brachytherapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-do-we-need-a-look-back-into-a-forgotten-art-a-single-institute-experience
#4
Rajendra Bhalavat, Manish Chandra, Vibhay Pareek, Lalitha Nellore, Karishma George, P Nandakumar, Pratibha Bauskar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the treatment outcomes with high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial brachytherapy (HDR-BRT) in head and neck cancers (HNC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with HNC as per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging criteria were analyzed retrospectively between 2008 and 2015. Forty-two patients received external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with HDR-BRT and 16 patients received BRT alone. The survival was calculated with respect to median biological equivalent doses (BED) and median 2 Gy equivalent dose (EQD2), keeping α/β = 10 for tumor...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531865/glutamine-antagonist-mediated-immune-suppression-decreases-pathology-but-delays-virus-clearance-in-mice-during-nonfatal-alphavirus-encephalomyelitis
#5
Victoria K Baxter, Rebecca Glowinski, Alicia M Braxton, Michelle C Potter, Barbara S Slusher, Diane E Griffin
Infection of weanling C57BL/6 mice with the TE strain of Sindbis virus (SINV) causes nonfatal encephalomyelitis associated with hippocampal-based memory impairment that is partially prevented by treatment with 6-diazo-5-oxo-l-norleucine (DON), a glutamine antagonist (Potter et al., J Neurovirol 21:159, 2015). To determine the mechanism(s) of protection, lymph node and central nervous system (CNS) tissues from SINV-infected mice treated daily for 1 week with low (0.3mg/kg) or high (0.6mg/kg) dose DON were examined...
May 19, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510364/lyophilization-of-bdellovibrio-bacteriovorus-109j-for-long-term-storage
#6
Mélanie J Boileau, Rinosh Mani, Kenneth D Clinkenbeard
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 109J is a Gram-negative predatory bacterium with obligate host dependency on other Gram-negative bacteria. This bacteriolytic predator collides with, enters, and establishes growth within the prey (host) periplasm, eventually lysing the prey cell wall to release fresh, motile B. bacteriovorus progeny. Laboratory maintenance of B. bacteriovorus has been previously described by other investigators. The protocols included in this unit deal with the technique required to lyophilize or freeze dry host-dependent B...
May 16, 2017: Current Protocols in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508350/targeted-nuclear-imaging-probes-for-cardiac-amyloidosis
#7
REVIEW
Paco E Bravo, Sharmila Dorbala
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of the present manuscript is to review the latest advancements of radionuclide molecular imaging in the diagnosis and prognosis of individuals with cardiac amyloidosis. RECENT FINDINGS: (99m)Technetium labeled bone tracer scintigraphy had been known to image cardiac amyloidosis, since the 1980s; over the past decade, bone scintigraphy has been revived specifically to diagnose transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis. (18)F labeled and (11)C labeled amyloid binding radiotracers developed for imaging Alzheimer's disease, have been repurposed since 2013, to image light chain and transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis...
July 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508130/atmospheric-conditions-create-freeways-detours-and-tailbacks-for-migrating-birds
#8
Judy Shamoun-Baranes, Felix Liechti, Wouter M G Vansteelant
The extraordinary adaptations of birds to contend with atmospheric conditions during their migratory flights have captivated ecologists for decades. During the 21st century technological advances have sparked a revival of research into the influence of weather on migrating birds. Using biologging technology, flight behaviour is measured across entire flyways, weather radar networks quantify large-scale migratory fluxes, citizen scientists gather observations of migrant birds and mechanistic models are used to simulate migration in dynamic aerial environments...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506723/a-chronicle-of-surgical-thinking-and-doing-for-exotropia-innovations-and-rediscoveries
#9
Edward L Raab
PURPOSE: To review the evolution of theories and practices concerning surgery for exotropia over the last approximately 200 years. METHODS: Major ophthalmology texts and relevant references were reviewed to discover experience and thinking concerning the causes of comitant intermittent and constant exotropia and corrective surgical approaches. RESULTS: The concept that excessive divergence is the cause of comitant exotropia has given way to one recognizing that this disorder is a position of rest modified by convergence...
May 12, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502897/a-multifunctional-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-conjugate-photodelivering-nitric-oxide-with-fluorescence-reporting
#10
Gábor Benkovics, Marta Perez-Lloret, Damien Afonso, András Darcsi, Szabolcs Béni, Éva Fenyvesi, Milo Malanga, Salvatore Sortino
This contribution reports the design, synthesis and photochemical properties of a novel cationic, water soluble, β-cyclodextrin (βCD) conjugate integrating an anthracene moiety and a nitroaniline derivative within the primary side of the βCD scaffold. Photoinduced energy transfer between the anthracene and the nitroaniline chromophores effectively suppresses the fluorescence of the anthracene unit. Excitation with visible light triggers the release of nitric oxide (NO) from the nitroaniline chromophore, accompanied to the concomitant revival of the anthracene fluorescence, which acts as an optical reporter for detecting the amount of the NO released...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501412/sudden-death-in-a-diver-a-diagnostic-conundrum
#11
Scott Dougherty, Maziar Khorsandi, Myra Adelbai, Vipin Zamvar, James Francis
We discuss the case of an experienced diver who ran out of air during his final ascent while scuba diving. He lost consciousness rapidly after surfacing and despite immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation, could not be revived. On arrival at the emergency department he was noted to have copious amounts of blood in his upper airway and had developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema. Large amounts of air were observed in the central circulation following a postmortem computerized tomography scan as well as pneumomediastinum, a small right-sided hemothorax, and extensive subcutaneous emphysema...
May 10, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494743/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-angiogenesis-inhibitors-a-revival-of-a-rare-but-serous-side-effect
#12
Lorenzo Antonuzzo, Alice Lunghi, Paolo Petreni, Marco Brugia, Alice Laffi, Elisa Giommoni, Marinella Micol Mela, Francesca Mazzoni, Vanni Balestri, Francesco Di Costanzo
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare treatment related side effect that was firstly described in 2002 through a case report in metastatic bone cancer patient treated with bisphosphonates (BPs) therapy. ONJ is defined as an eight weeks or longer clinical finding of exposed bone in the oral cavity without response to appropriate therapy. The diagnosis is mainly clinical but often requires a radiological confirmation with an orthopantomography. So it must be made by a dental specialist with sufficient experience on ONJ and requires a detailed anamnestic exploration of comorbidities and treatments history...
May 10, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490650/the-american-academy-of-neurology-affirms-the-revival-of-cooling-for-the-revived
#13
EDITORIAL
Gregory Kapinos, Lance B Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489971/phylogenetic-systematics-of-syncephalis-zoopagales-zoopagomycotina-a-genus-of-ubiquitous-mycoparasites
#14
Katherine L Lazarus, Gerald L Benny, Hsiao-Man Ho, Matthew E Smith
We examined phylogenetic relationships among species of the mycoparasite genus Syncephalis using sequences from three nuclear ribsosomal DNA genes (18S, 5.8S, and 28S nuc rDNA) and a gene encoding the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB1). Our data set included 88 Syncephalis isolates comprising 23 named species and several unnamed taxa. We also revived a culturing technique using beef liver and cellophane to grow several Syncephalis isolates without their host fungi to obtain pure parasite DNA. Most isolates, however, were grown in co-cultures with their host fungi, so we designed Syncephalis-specific primers to obtain sequence data...
March 15, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488419/balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-in-contemporary-practice
#15
Kully Sandhu, Suresh Krishnamoorthy, Ashari Afif, James Nolan, Mark G Gunning
BACKGROUND: There has been a revival of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) for severe aortic stenosis, as a result of an increasing number of patients undergoing trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, there has not been universal adoption of BAV as a standalone, nor bridging therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the practice at our institution between June 2009 and May 2016 was performed. Demographic, clinical, procedural, and follow-up data on all patients were collected...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487460/functional-lesional-neurosurgery-for-tremor-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Sebastian R Schreglmann, Joachim K Krauss, Jin Woo Chang, Kailash P Bhatia, Georg Kaegi
INTRODUCTION: The recent introduction of incision-less lesional neurosurgery using Gamma Knife and MRI-guided focused ultrasound has revived interest in lesional treatment options for tremor disorders. Preliminary literature researches reveal that the consistency of treatment effects after lesional neurosurgery for tremor has not formally been assessed yet. Similarly, the efficacy of different targets for lesional treatment and incidence of persistent side effects of lesional neurosurgical interventions has not been comprehensively assessed...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483650/the-priming-of-priming-evidence-that-the-n400-reflects-context-dependent-post-retrieval-word-integration-in-working-memory
#17
Karsten Steinhauer, Phaedra Royle, John E Drury, Lauren A Fromont
Which cognitive processes are reflected by the N400 in ERPs is still controversial. Various recent articles (Lau et al., 2008; Brouwer et al., 2012) have revived the idea that only lexical pre-activation processes (such as automatic spreading activation, ASA) are strongly supported, while post-lexical integrative processes are not. Challenging this view, the present ERP study replicates a behavioral study by McKoon and Ratcliff (1995) who demonstrated that a prime-target pair such as finger - hand shows stronger priming when a majority of other pairs in the list share the analogous semantic relationship (here: part-whole), even at short stimulus onset asynchronies (250ms)...
May 5, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479982/logic-passion-and-the-problem-of-convergence
#18
Daniel W McShea
Our estimate of the likelihood of convergence on human-style intelligence depends on how we understand our various mental capacities. Here I revive David Hume's theory of motivation and action to argue that the most common understanding of the two conventionally recognized components of intelligence-reason and emotion-is confused. We say things like, 'Reason can overcome emotion', but to make this statement meaningful, we are forced to treat reason as a compound notion, as a forced and unhappy mixture of concepts that are incommensurate...
June 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456429/-superficial-circumflex-iliac-artery-perforator-flap-scip-flap-revival-of-the-inguinal-donor-site
#19
N Siddhoum, S Dast, S Perez, N Assaf, C Herlin, R Sinna
The SCIP flap based on a superficial circumflex iliac perforator artery (SCIA) was described for the first time by Koshima in 2004 as a large and thin groin flap, with a low morbidity. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the benefits of SCIP flap to cover cutaneous defects. We present a retrospective study from January 2007 to August 2016. Twelve patients had a SCIP flap reconstruction in the plastic surgery department of Amiens hospital. Thirteen flaps were performed. The average preoperative doppler mapping time was 8minutes...
April 26, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455111/the-incongruity-of-workplace-bullying-victimization-and-inclusive-excellence
#20
Laura Cox Dzurec, Monica Kennison, Patricia Gillen
PURPOSE: Bullying occurs frequently-and with significant negative outcomes-in workplace settings. Once established, bullying endures in the workplace, requiring the interaction of a bully perpetrator and an intended target who takes on the role of victim. Not every target becomes a victim, however. The purpose of this study is to investigate the processes by which targets, intended objects of bullies' affronts, become victims, those individuals who experience ongoing emotional injury in response to bullies' affronts, and to clarify how bullying victimization impedes inclusive excellence in the workplace...
February 7, 2017: Nursing Outlook
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