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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148048/editorial-perspective-whatever-happened-to-temperament
#1
EDITORIAL
William B Carey
A recent editorial in this journal supported our need to be 'mindful of the field's strict adherence to the disease model of psychopathology, and wondered (not for the first time) whether our total allegiance to this model has obscured important information.' Dr. Burt pointed to studies in which normal behavioral style traits such as activity and resilience may have been significant factors in the outcome. These traits bear a close relationship to two of the nine normal temperament traits described by Chess and Thomas in their New York Longitudinal Study starting in 1956...
December 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147476/sudden-cardiac-arrest-as-a-rare-presentation-of-myxedema-coma-case-report
#2
Divya Salhan, Deepak Sapkota, Prakash Verma, Saroj Kandel, Omar Abdulfattah, Antony Lixon, Deribe Zwenge, Frances Schmidt
Myxedema coma is a decompensated hypothyroidism which occurs due to long-standing, undiagnosed, or untreated hypothyroidism. Untreated hypothyroidism is known to affect almost all organs including the heart. It is associated with a decrease in cardiac output, stroke volume due to decreased myocardial contractility, and an increase in systemic vascular resistance. It can cause cardiac arrhythmias and the most commonly seen conduction abnormalities are sinus bradycardia, heart block, ventricular tachycardia, and torsade de pointes...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139302/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-interoception-abnormalities-in-global-integration
#3
Timothy R Hatfield, Rhonda F Brown, Melita J Giummarra, Bigna Lenggenhager
Research over the past three decades has seen a revived interest in the way the human body-and the way in which it is perceived-interacts with aspects of our experience. Consequently, interoception (i.e. the perception of physiological feedback from the body) has recently been shown to be associated with a wide range of cognitive, emotional, and affective functions, making it broadly relevant to the study of autism spectrum disorder. Although limited qualitative accounts and empirical studies suggest that individuals with autism spectrum disorder encounter abnormalities when perceiving and integrating physiological feedback from their bodies, other studies have suggested that people with/without autism spectrum disorder do not differ in interoceptive ability after accounting for alexithymia...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133253/the-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-responses-of-live-chinese-shrimp-fenneropenaeuschinensis-to-low-temperature-and-air-exposure
#4
Zihan Xu, Joe M Regenstein, Dandan Xie, Wenjing Lu, Xingchen Ren, Jiajia Yuan, Linchun Mao
Low temperature and air exposure were the key attributes for waterless transportation of fish and shrimp. In order to investigate the oxidative stress and antioxidant responses of the live shrimp Fenneropenaeuschinensis in the mimic waterless transportation, live Chinese shrimp were cooled at 13 °C for 3 min, stored in oxygen at 15 °C for 12 h, and then revived in water at 25 °C. The survival rate of shrimp under this waterless transportation system was over 86.67%. The ultrastructure of hepatopancreas cells were observed while activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), antisuperoxide anion free radicals (ASAFR), total antioxidant capacity (TAOC), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and relative mRNA expressions of CAT and GSH-Px in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas were determined...
November 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129587/thighplasty-improving-aesthetics-through-revival-of-the-medial-horizontal-procedure-a-safe-and-scar-saving-option
#5
Karl Schwaiger, Elisabeth Russe, Klemens Heinrich, Florian Ensat, Gernot Steiner, Gottfried Wechselberger, Michaela Hladik
INTRODUCTION: Thighplasty is a common bodycontouring procedure, but also associated with a high complication rate. The purpose of this study was to access the outcome of the medial horizontal thigh lift as it is a common surgical technique regarding thigh deformity correction performed at the authors' department. Surgical keysteps, clinical applications, advantages and disadvantages of the procedure are shown. Postoperative evaluation took place with special focus on individual patient satisfaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125683/organellar-omics-a-reviving-strategy-to-untangle-the-biomolecular-complexity-of-the-cell
#6
REVIEW
Arun Kumar Tharkeshwar, Kris Gevaert, Wim Annaert
A eukaryotic cell encompasses many membrane-enclosed organelles, each of these holding several types of biomolecules that exhibit tremendous diversity in terms of their localization and expression. Despite the development of increasingly sensitive analytical tools, the enormous biomolecular complexity that exists within a cell cannot yet be fully resolved as low abundant molecules often remain unrecognized. Moreover, a drawback of whole cell analysis is that it does not provide spatial information and therefore it is not capable of assigning distinct biomolecules to specific compartments or analyze changes in the composition of these compartments...
November 10, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122101/the-revival-of-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#7
EDITORIAL
Klaus-Peter Zimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117244/re-establishing-safer-medical-circumcision-integrated-initiation-ceremonies-for-hiv-prevention-in-a-rural-setting-in-papua-new-guinea-a-multi-method-acceptability-study
#8
Clement Morris Manineng, David MacLaren, Maggie Baigry, Emil Trowalle, Reinhold Muller, Andrew Vallely, Patrick Gesch, Francis Hombhanje, William John McBride
BACKGROUND: Efforts to stem the spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are hampered by multiple interrelated factors including limited health services, extreme diversities in culture and language and highly prevalent gender inequity, domestic violence and poverty. In the rural district of Yangoru-Saussia, a revival of previously ceased male initiation ceremonies (MICs) is being considered for a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention. In this study, we explore the local acceptability of this undertaking including replacing traditional penile cutting practices with medical male circumcision (MMC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108522/telling-life-stories-a-dyadic-intervention-for-older-korean-couples-affected-by-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Minyoung Kwak, Ji Won Han, Jung-Hwa Ha
BACKGROUND: Dementia has negative consequences for both persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Dyadic interventions in which both groups participate together have shown an effective and promising approach. The Couples Life Story Approach (CLSA) that was recently developed for older couples dealing with dementia in the USA was adapted and implemented for the older Korean population in this study. The purpose of this paper is to understand how older Korean couples dealing with dementia experienced the CLSA...
November 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101228/mass-spectrometric-revival-of-an-l-rhamnose-and-d-galactose-specific-lectin-from-a-lost-strain-of-streptomyces
#10
Yoko Fujita-Yamaguchi, Karine Bagramyan, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Akemi Ikeda, Naoshi Dohmae, Teresa B Hong, Markus Kalkum
Blood type B-specific Streptomyces S27S5 hemagglutinin (SHA) was discovered and characterized in the 1970s. Although strain 27S5 has been lost, the purified SHA protein survived intact under frozen conditions and retained its activity. Using modern techniques, here we further characterized SHA. Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance MS analysis determined SHA's average molecular mass as 13,314.67 Da. MS of digested SHA peptides, Streptomyces genomic database matching, and N-terminal sequencing solved the 131-residue amino acid sequence of SHA...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100611/saving-the-birds-oliver-l-austin-s-collaboration-with-japanese-scientists-in-revising-wildlife-policies-in-us-occupied-japan-1946-1950
#11
Annika A Culver
In postwar Tokyo, ornithologist Oliver L. Austin's leadership of the Wildlife Branch of the Natural Resources Section (NRS) for the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP) serves as an intriguing lens into the reconstruction of Japanese conservation activities. His experiences as a scientist working on wildlife policies in US-occupied Korea (1945-1946) and Japan (1946-1949) illuminate the war's impact on individuals and their environment. Austin collaborated closely with elite Japanese colleagues, despite their ruined laboratories, burnt collections, inadequate shelter, and despair...
October 31, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098942/how-can-a-policy-foster-local-pharmaceutical-production-and-still-protect-public-health-lessons-from-the-health-industry-complex-in-brazil
#12
Elize Massard da Fonseca
The global health community is increasingly advocating for the local production of pharmaceuticals in developing countries as a way to promote technology transfer, capacity building and improve access to medicines. However, efforts to advance drug manufacturing in these countries revive an old dilemma of fostering technological development versus granting access to social services, such as healthcare. This paper explores the case of Brazil, a country that has developed large-scale health-inspired industrial policies, but is, yet, little understood...
November 3, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080993/a-surgical-solution-to-regain-bowel-continuity-following-an-extended-left-colectomy-reviving-and-extending-the-indication-for-a-flip-flop-procedure
#13
Ronen Ghinea, Shmuel Avital, Ephraim Katz, Baruch Shpitz, Ian White
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extended left hemicolectomy might be necessary for several indications. Once the resection is completed, it would be difficult or impossible to anastomose the transverse colon to the rectum due to the difficulty in mobilizing the transverse colon to reach for a tension-free rectal anastomosis. The aim of this report is to present the "Flip-Flop" technique to overcome this challenging situation. The procedure is based on a surgical technique published in the early 1960s to avoid permanent stoma after proctectomy and consists of changing the location of the right colon to reach the rectum...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069172/can-health-surveillance-be-emancipatory-an-alternative-way-of-thinking-about-alternatives-in-times-of-crisis
#14
Marcelo Firpo de Souza Porto
This article in essay form is an invitation to reflect upon the emancipatory character of health surveillance, a debate that was interrupted in the 1990s. In these times of grave political and institutional crisis in Brazil and in the year of the first National Conference on Health Surveillance (1ª CNVS, acronym in Portuguese), it is particularly appropriate to revive the critical theoretical and epistemological discussions that have grounded the trajectory of Latin American social medicine and public health over the last 40 years...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068400/health-in-all-policies-in-south-australia-did-it-promote-and-enact-an-equity-perspective
#15
Helen van Eyk, Elizabeth Harris, Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Angela Lawless, Colin MacDougall
Mobilising cross-sectoral action is helpful in addressing the range of social determinants that contribute to health inequities. The South Australian Health in All Policies (SA HiAP) approach was implemented from 2007 to stimulate cross-sector policy activity to address the social determinants of health to improve population wellbeing and reduce health inequities. This paper presents selected findings from a five year multi-methods research study of the SA HiAP approach and draws on data collected during interviews, observation, case studies, and document analysis...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062956/development-of-fungal-cell-factories-for-the-production-of-secondary-metabolites-linking-genomics-and-metabolism
#16
REVIEW
Jens Christian Nielsen, Jens Nielsen
The genomic era has revolutionized research on secondary metabolites and bioinformatics methods have in recent years revived the antibiotic discovery process after decades with only few new active molecules being identified. New computational tools are driven by genomics and metabolomics analysis, and enables rapid identification of novel secondary metabolites. To translate this increased discovery rate into industrial exploitation, it is necessary to integrate secondary metabolite pathways in the metabolic engineering process...
March 2017: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057186/traumatic-pancreatitis-a-rare-complication-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#17
Muhammad Aziz
An elderly gentleman was successfully revived after undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for cardiac arrest. Post CPR, the patient developed acute pancreatitis which was likely complication of inappropriately delivered chest compressions which caused further complications and resulted in the death of the patient. This case underlines the importance of quality chest compressions that includes correct placement of hands by the operator giving chest compressions to avoid lethal injuries to the receiver...
August 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046972/quantitative-assessment-of-urmia-lake-water-using-spaceborne-multisensor-data-and-3d-modeling
#18
Mehrdad Jeihouni, Ara Toomanian, Seyed Kazem Alavipanah, Saeid Hamzeh
Preserving aquatic ecosystems and water resources management is crucial in arid and semi-arid regions for anthropogenic reasons and climate change. In recent decades, the water level of the largest lake in Iran, Urmia Lake, has decreased sharply, which has become a major environmental concern in Iran and the region. The efforts to revive the lake concerns the amount of water required for restoration. This study monitored and assessed Urmia Lake status over a period of 30 years (1984 to 2014) using remotely sensed data...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046809/hospital-resuscitation-teams-a-review-of-the-risks-to-the-healthcare-worker
#19
REVIEW
Stephen M Vindigni, Juan N Lessing, David J Carlbom
BACKGROUND: "Code blue" events and related resuscitation efforts involve multidisciplinary bedside teams that implement specialized interventions aimed at patient revival. Activities include performing effective chest compressions, assessing and restoring a perfusing cardiac rhythm, stabilizing the airway, and treating the underlying cause of the arrest. While the existing critical care literature has appropriately focused on the patient, there has been a dearth of information discussing the various stresses to the healthcare team...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041414/pump-induced-lasing-suppression-in-yb-er-doped-microlasers
#20
Fuchuan Lei, Yong Yang, Jonathan M Ward, Síle Nic Chormaic
A pump source is one of the essential prerequisites in order to achieve lasing in a system, and, in most cases, a stronger pump leads to higher laser power at the output. However, this behavior may be suppressed if two pump beams are used. In this work, we show that lasing around the 1600 nm band can be suppressed completely if two pumps, at wavelengths of 980 nm and 1550 nm, are applied simultaneously to an Yb:Er-doped microlaser, whereas it can be revived by switching one of them off. This phenomenon can be explained by assuming that the presence of one pump (980 nm) changes the role of the other pump (1550 nm); more specifically, the 1550 nm pump starts to consume the population inversion instead of increasing it when the 980 nm pump power exceeds a certain value...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
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