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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635503/practical-guidelines-to-minimise-language-and-cognitive-confounds-in-the-diagnosis-of-capd-a-brief-tutorial
#1
Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Frank E Musiek
OBJECTIVE: To provide audiologists with strategies to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). DESIGN: Tutorial. STUDY SAMPLE: None. RESULTS: Strategies are reviewed to minimise confounding cognitive and language processing variables and accurately diagnose CAPD. CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis is exceedingly important and can be quite challenging...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635323/preserving-employee-privacy-in-wellness
#2
Paul E Terry
The proposed "Preserving Employee Wellness Programs Act" states that the collection of information about the manifested disease or disorder of a family member shall not be considered an unlawful acquisition of genetic information. The bill recognizes employee privacy protections that are already in place and includes specific language relating to nondiscrimination based on illness. Why did legislation expressly intending to "preserve wellness programs" generate such antipathy about wellness among journalists? This article argues that those who are committed to preserving employee wellness must be equally committed to preserving employee privacy...
July 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634708/speaker-versus-listener-oriented-disfluency-a-re-examination-of-arguments-and-assumptions-from-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Paul E Engelhardt, Oliver Alfridijanta, Mhairi E G McMullon, Martin Corley
We re-evaluate conclusions about disfluency production in high-functioning forms of autism spectrum disorder (HFA). Previous studies examined individuals with HFA to address a theoretical question regarding speaker- and listener-oriented disfluencies. Individuals with HFA tend to be self-centric and have poor pragmatic language skills, and should be less likely to produce listener-oriented disfluency. However, previous studies did not account for individual differences variables that affect disfluency. We show that both matched and unmatched controls produce fewer repairs than individuals with HFA...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634427/leveraging-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reports-for-the-automated-monitoring-of-electronic-health-records-in-a-pediatric-hospital
#4
Huaxiu Tang, Imre Solti, Eric Kirkendall, Haijun Zhai, Todd Lingren, Jaroslaw Meller, Yizhao Ni
The objective of this study was to determine whether the Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) data set could serve as the basis of automated electronic health record (EHR) monitoring for the adverse drug reaction (ADR) subset of adverse drug events. We retrospectively collected EHR entries for 71 909 pediatric inpatient visits at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Natural language processing (NLP) techniques were used to identify positive diseases/disorders and signs/symptoms (DDSSs) from the patients' clinical narratives...
2017: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633887/visual-integration-of-fear-and-anger-emotional-cues-by-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-and-neurotypical-peers-an-eeg-study
#5
Evie Malaia, Debbie Cockerham, Katherine Rublein
Communication deficits in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are often related to inefficient interpretation of emotional cues, which are conveyed visually through both facial expressions and body language (Apicella et al., 2012). The present study examined ASD behavioral and ERP responses to emotional expressions of anger and fear, as conveyed by the face and body. Behavioral results showed significantly faster response times for the ASD than for the typically developing (TD) group when processing fear, but not anger, in isolated face expressions, isolated body expressions, and in the integration of the two...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632303/audition-specific-temporal-processing-deficits-associated-with-language-function-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Kimberly B Schauder, Alexandra P Key, Mark T Wallace, Wendy L Stone
Sensory processing alterations are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Neurobiologically-based theories of ASD propose that abnormalities in the processing of temporal aspects of sensory input could underlie core symptoms of ASD. For example, rapid auditory temporal processing is critical for speech perception, and language difficulties are central to the social communication deficits defining the disorder. This study assessed visual and auditory temporal processing abilities and tested their relation to core ASD symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632018/exploring-the-learnability-and-usability-of-a-near-field-communication-based-application-for-semantic-enrichment-in-children-with-language-disorders
#7
Maria Luisa Lorusso, Emilia Biffi, Massimo Molteni, Gianluigi Reni
Recently, a few software applications (apps) have been developed to enhance vocabulary and conceptual networks to address the needs of children with language impairments (LI), but there is no evidence about their impact and their usability in therapy contexts. Here, we try to fill this gap presenting a system aimed at improving the semantic competence and the structural knowledge of children with LI. The goal of the study is to evaluate learnability, usability, user satisfaction and quality of the interaction between the system and the children...
February 13, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631532/measuring-sleep-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-use-of-subjective-methods
#8
Emma L Jeffs, Julie L Darbyshire
OBJECTIVES: To collate and appraise the use of subjective measures to assess sleep in the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: A systematic search and critical review of the published literature. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Scopus, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature were searched using combinations of the key words "Sleep," "Critical Care," "Intensive Care," and "Sleep Disorders," and this was complemented by hand searching the most recent systematic reviews on related topics...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630376/functional-connectivity-disturbances-of-the-ascending-reticular-activating-system-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#9
Dario J Englot, Pierre-Francois D'Haese, Peter E Konrad, Monica L Jacobs, John C Gore, Bassel W Abou-Khalil, Victoria L Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Seizures in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) disturb brain networks and lead to connectivity disturbances. We previously hypothesised that recurrent seizures in TLE may lead to abnormal connections involving subcortical activating structures including the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS), contributing to neocortical dysfunction and neurocognitive impairments. However, no studies of ARAS connectivity have been previously reported in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We used resting-state functional MRI recordings in 27 patients with TLE (67% right sided) and 27 matched controls to examine functional connectivity (partial correlation) between eight brainstem ARAS structures and 105 cortical/subcortical regions...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629645/atypical-activation-of-action-semantic-network-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Tracey A Knaus, Claire Burns, Jodi Kamps, Anne L Foundas
In typical adults, fMRI studies have shown activation of primary and pre-motor regions during action word processing. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social and communication impairments. ASD studies have shown atypical semantic processing and motor deficits. The objective of this study was to examine semantic processing of verbs in ASD. 15 ASD adolescents and 19 typically developing adolescents, 11-16years, completed a semantic similarity judgment task during fMRI...
June 16, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628841/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-clinical-features-and-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Fiona Hollis, Alexandros K Kanellopoulos, Claudia Bagni
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a prototypic pervasive developmental disorder characterized by social interaction, and communication deficits, repetitive, stereotypic patterns of behavior, and impairments in language and development. Clinical studies have identified mitochondrial disturbances at the levels of DNA, activity, complexes, oxidative stress, and metabolites in blood and urine of ASD patients. However, these observations from postmortem brains or peripheral tissues do not provide a direct link between autism and mitochondria...
June 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627690/data-mining-and-pathway-analysis-of-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-with-natural-language-processing
#12
Long Chen, Chunhua Zhang, Yanling Wang, Yuqian Li, Qiaoqiao Han, Huixin Yang, Yuechun Zhu
Human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is a crucial enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway, and serves an important role in biosynthesis and the redox balance. G6PD deficiency is a major cause of neonatal jaundice and acute hemolyticanemia, and recently, G6PD has been associated with diseases including inflammation and cancer. The aim of the present study was to conduct a search of the National Center for Biotechnology Information PubMed library for articles discussing G6PD. Genes that were identified to be associated with G6PD were recorded, and the frequency at which each gene appeared was calculated...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625938/language-disturbances-after-non-thalamic-subcortical-stroke-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Liziane Bouvier, Bertrand Groulx, Vincent Martel-Sauvageau, Laura Monetta
Language disorders following subcortical non-thalamic stroke show great variability across literature and a well-defined profile in these aphasic disturbances is yet to be established. The lack of recent and consistent literature on the subject complicates the management of subcortical aphasia. The aim of this study is to review the literature describing oral language disturbances following subcortical non-thalamic stoke affecting the basal ganglia and the surrounding white matter. A review of the literature of three databases (PubMed, PsycNet and LLBA), identifying research articles from 1997 to 2015, was completed...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625346/the-role-of-the-motor-system-in-action-naming-in-patients-with-neurodegenerative-extrapyramidal-syndromes
#14
REVIEW
Maria Cotelli, Rosa Manenti, Michela Brambilla, Barbara Borroni
Previous studies of patients with brain damage have suggested a close relationship between aphasia and movement disorders. Neurodegenerative extrapyramidal syndromes associated with cognitive impairment provide an interesting model for studying the neural substrates of cognitive and motor symptoms. In this review, we focused on studies investigating language production abilities in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), Corticobasal Syndrome (CBS) and Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP). According to some reports, these patients exhibit a reduction in performance in both action and object naming or verb production compared to healthy individuals...
May 26, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624962/the-scope-and-nature-of-reading-comprehension-impairments-in-school-aged-children-with-higher-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Nancy S McIntyre, Emily J Solari, Joseph E Gonzales, Marjorie Solomon, Lindsay E Lerro, Stephanie Novotny, Tasha M Oswald, Peter C Mundy
This study of 8-16-year-olds was designed to test the hypothesis that reading comprehension impairments are part of the social communication phenotype for many higher-functioning students with autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Students with HFASD (n = 81) were compared to those with high attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatology (ADHD; n = 39), or typical development (TD; n = 44), on a comprehensive battery of oral language, word recognition, and reading comprehension measures. Results indicated that students with HFASD performed significantly lower on the majority of the reading and language tasks as compared to TD and ADHD groups...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624817/exploring-the-clinical-practice-of-speech-and-language-therapists-with-adults-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-portugal
#16
Jossie Nóbrega, Marisa Lousada, Daniela Figueiredo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adults with acquired communication and swallowing disorders secondary to dementia can benefit from speech and language therapy services. However, there is limited information on the role of speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the treatment of individuals with dementia. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical practice of SLTs with adults with dementia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of SLTs was conducted in Portugal using a web-based questionnaire designed specifically for the purpose of this study...
June 17, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621727/insights-into-the-experiences-of-treatment-for-an-eating-disorder-in-men-a-qualitative-study-of-autobiographies
#17
Priyanka Thapliyal, Deborah Mitchison, Phillipa Hay
Eating disorders are increasingly recognized as a problem for men but help-seeking is low and little is known about their treatment experiences. This paper sought to determine the treatment experiences of men who have suffered from an eating disorder using autobiographical data. Inclusion criteria were autobiographies of men who had experienced an eating disorder and sought any form of treatment for this, written in the English language, published between 1995 and 2015, and available for purchase in 2016. The search resulted in six books that were thematically analyzed...
June 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621218/measuring-disability-in-patients-with-cervical-dystonia-according-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#18
Joke De Pauw, Kevin van der Velden, Reen Cox, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Rudy Mercelis, Willem De Hertogh
Cervical Dystonia (CD) is a rare movement disorder characterized by an abnormal head position. This cross-sectional study describes the health status and severity of disability using an internationally agreed language by applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Two disease-specific rating scales were administered to 30 patients with CD. By linking the individual answers to the ICF model, the frequency and severity of reported impairments and restrictions were estimated using a count-based method...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621083/metacognition-in-speech-and-language-therapy-for-children-with-social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-implications-for-a-theory-of-therapy
#19
Jacqueline Gaile, Catherine Adams
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is a significant component of complex interventions for children who have developmental language disorders. Research into how metacognition operates in the content or process of developmental language therapy delivery is limited. Identification and description of proposed active therapy components, such as metacognition, may contribute to our understanding of how to deliver complex communication interventions in an optimal manner. AIMS: To analyse aspects of metacognition during therapy derived from a manualized speech and language intervention (the Social Communication Intervention Programme-SCIP) as delivered to children who have social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD) and to examine the dynamic process of delivering therapy...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619530/neural-networks-underlying-language-and-social-cognition-during-self-other-processing-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Rajesh K Kana, Emma B Sartin, Carl Stevens, Hrishikesh D Deshpande, Christopher Klein, Mark R Klinger, Laura Grofer Klinger
The social communication impairments defining autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be built upon core deficits in perspective-taking, language processing, and self-other representation. Self-referential processing entails the ability to incorporate self-awareness, self-judgment, and self-memory in information processing. Very few studies have examined the neural bases of integrating self-other representation and semantic processing in individuals with ASD. The main objective of this functional MRI study is to examine the role of language and social brain networks in self-other processing in young adults with ASD...
June 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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