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Adenovirus 36

Pei-Qiong Wu, Xing Li, Wen-Hui Jiang, Gen-Quan Yin, Ai-Hua Lei, Qiang Xiao, Jian-Jun Huang, Zhi-Wei Xie, Li Deng
Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is an uncommon and severe sequela of chronic obstructive lung disease in children that results from an insult to the lower respiratory tract. Few prognostic factors achieved worldwide acknowledgment. In the present study, we retrospectively collected the children with respiratory adenoviral infection and identified the predictive factors of BO. In the period between Jan 2011 and December 2014, the consecutive in-hospital acute respiratory infection children with positive result for adenovirus were enrolled into the present study...
2016: SpringerPlus
Tatyana V Spichak, Svetlana B Yatsyshina, Lubov К Кatosova, Svetlana S Кim, Matti O Korppi
: The role that rhinoviruses, enteroviruses, parainfluenza viruses, coronaviruses and human bocavirus play in pediatric pneumonia is insufficiently studied. We used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to study 9 virus groups, including 16 different viruses or viral strains, in 56 ambulatory children with radiologically confirmed community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The same tests were carried out on 474 apparently healthy control children of the same age and sex. The mean age of children with CAP was 6...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
H Kirk Hammond, William F Penny, Jay H Traverse, Timothy D Henry, Matthew W Watkins, Clyde W Yancy, Ranya N Sweis, Eric D Adler, Amit N Patel, David R Murray, Robert S Ross, Valmik Bhargava, Alan Maisel, Denise D Barnard, N Chin Lai, Nancy D Dalton, Martin L Lee, Sanjiv M Narayan, Daniel G Blanchard, Mei Hua Gao
IMPORTANCE: Gene transfer has rarely been tested in randomized clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intracoronary delivery of adenovirus 5 encoding adenylyl cyclase 6 (Ad5.hAC6) in heart failure. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 clinical trial was conducted in US medical centers (randomization occurred from July 19, 2010, to October 30, 2014). Participants 18 to 80 years with symptomatic heart failure (ischemic and nonischemic) and an ejection fraction (EF) of 40% or less were screened; 86 individuals were enrolled, and 56 were randomized...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Yuan Zhang, Li Su, Kun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Neuregulin receptor degradation protein-1 (Nrdp1) is a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase, and we have previously shown that overexpression of Nrdp1 increased cardiomyocyte injury. However, the role of Nrdp1 in myocardial hypertrophy is unclear. In the present study, we clarified the molecular mechanisms of angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy regulated by Nrdp1 based on genome-wide transcriptional analysis. METHODS: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were infected with adenoviruses containing green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP) or wild-type Nrdp1 (Ad-Nrdp1), and then treated with Ang II for 36 h...
July 19, 2016: Cardiology
Kamal Kant Sahu, Gaurav Prakash, Alka Khadwal, Subhash Chander Varma, Pankaj Malhotra
Post bone marrow transplant patients are susceptible to atypical infections, especially viral pathogens. The risk increases many folds in cases of allogeneic transplantation, which also receive GVHD prophylaxis. Viral pathogens like cytomegalovirus and herpes are the common ones encountered during follow-up period. However, in recent times there have been reports of a variety of disease manifestations of rare viruses like polyoma virus and adenovirus. These viral infections may play a crucial role in morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Lili Huo, Jasmine Lyons, Dianna J Magliano
Over the last two decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased rapidly. While it is intuitively appealing to believe that the causes of obesity are manifestly related to excess dietary intake, combined with a reduced expenditure of energy via a decrease in physical activity, it is also been noted that the evidence for these as the sole causes of the obesity epidemic is incomplete. This has led to the search for other causes of obesity, particularly those which stem from the environment we live in. This review will explore two putative causes of obesity: infections and environmental pollutants...
September 2016: Current Obesity Reports
R Narra, P Bono, A Zoccoli, A Orlandi, S Piconi, G Grasselli, S Crotti, A Girello, A Piralla, F Baldanti, G Lunghi
Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) cause a wide spectrum of clinical syndromes, depending on species and types, from mild respiratory infections to deadly pneumonia: in particular, severe infections occur in immunocompromised patients. In this report, we describe the case of a 36 years-old woman admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU) with severe respiratory distress syndrome caused by adenovirus pneumonia, that required invasive respiratory support (mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation)...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Zhenzhen Li, Zhou Ye, Xiaolong Zhang, Qing Zhang, Dongmei Fan, Yanjun Zhang, Hongbo R Luo, Xiangfei Yuan, Zongfang Li, Dongsheng Xiong
Gene therapy is an attractive approach for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Nevertheless, efficient transgene delivery remains a challenge. In this study, we explored a new targeted system based on human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs), which were engineered to deliver adenovirus to tumor sites, and to replicate and assemble into new adenovirus against HCC. Our results showed that HUMSCs infected by Ad-hTERTp-IL24 followed by LentiR.E1A infection could specifically migrate to HepG2 tumor cells and support adenoviral replication in vitro and in vivo 36 h after LentiR...
June 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Yue Yang, Li-Hong Fang, Xue-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Foxo3a gene over-expression on the development of rat ovarian granulosa cells and in prevention of cisplatin-induced ovarian damage in rats. METHODS: Rat ovarian granulose cells released mechanically from the ovaries were cultured in vitro and identified with HE staining and immunohistochemical staining for FSHR. A recombinant adenovirus carrying Foxo3a gene was constructed for infecting the granulose cells, and the cell growth and expressions of cyclin D1, p27, Bax, and Bim were detected; the cell apoptosis and cell cycle changes were detected using Hoechst/PI 33342 staining and flow cytometry, respectively...
June 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Aikaterini Ntoulia, Sasha J Tharakan, Janet R Reid, Soroosh Mahboubi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify causes of irreducible intussusception after contrast enema and to correlate imaging findings with surgical and histopathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2013, a total of 543 children underwent reduction of intussusception with the use of an enema technique (hereafter referred to as "enema reduction"). The medical records of 72 children (56 boys [mean age, 24.8 months; range, 3.8 months to 10...
August 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Lu Zhang, Haisheng Li, Zhihui Yao, Sisi Yang, Weifeng He, Jun Wu, Gaoxing Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the interaction between P311 and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in murine fibroblasts and its effect on the function of fibroblasts. METHODS: Skin fibroblasts obtained from five neonatal P311 wild-type C57BL/6 mice and P311 gene knock-out C57BL/6 mice were cultured. The second passage of fibroblasts were used in the following experiments. All experiments were repeated for 3 times. (1) The fibroblasts of P311 wild-type mice were divided into blank control group and P311 over-expression group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 36 wells in each group...
April 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Nafissatou Ouédraogo, Jérôme Kaplon, Isidore Juste O Bonkoungou, Alfred Sababénédjo Traoré, Pierre Pothier, Nicolas Barro, Katia Ambert-Balay
Enteric viruses are a major cause of diarrhea in children, especially those under five years old. Identifying the viral agents is critical to the development of effective preventive measures. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and genetic diversity of common enteric viruses in children under five years old in Burkina Faso. Stool samples from children with (n = 263) and without (n = 50) diarrhea disorders were collected in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from November 2011 to September 2012. Rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, astrovirus, adenovirus and Aichivirus A were detected using real-time or end-point (RT-)PCR...
2016: PloS One
Ilka Engelmann, Valerie Coiteux, Albert Heim, Leonardo Magro, Anny Dewilde, Remy Dulery, Didier Hober, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha
Infections are one of the major complications after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Disseminated infections with human adenoviruses species A, B or C are associated with a lethality of 24 to 36 %. Fatal outcome is usually observed with high viral loads in blood (median peak HAdV DNAemia 10(8) copies/mL). Here we report two adult patients with disseminated infection with human adenovirus C2 after allo-SCT. Interestingly, both patients developed bacterial septicaemia following the disseminated HAdV infection...
2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Iva I Podgorski, Laura Pantó, Tibor Papp, Balázs Harrach, Mária Benkö
Within the family Adenoviridae, presently Simian mastadenovirus A is the single species approved officially for monkey adenoviruses (AdVs), whilst the establishment of six further species (Simian mastadenovirus B to Simian mastadenovirus G) has been proposed in the last few years. We examined the genetic content and phylogenetic relationships of four Old World monkey (OWM) AdV types [namely simian AdV (SAdV)-8, -11, -16 and -19] for which it had been proposed that they should be classified into different AdV species: SAdV-11 to Human mastadenovirus G, and the other three viruses into three novel species...
July 2016: Journal of General Virology
Marthi A Pretorius, Stefano Tempia, Sibongile Walaza, Adam L Cohen, Jocelyn Moyes, Ebrahim Variava, Halima Dawood, Mpho Seleka, Orienka Hellferscee, Florette Treurnicht, Cheryl Cohen, Marietjie Venter
BACKGROUND: Viruses detected in patients with acute respiratory infections may be the cause of illness or asymptomatic shedding. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the attributable fraction (AF) and the detection rate attributable to illness for each of the different respiratory viruses STUDY DESIGN: We compared the prevalence of 10 common respiratory viruses (influenza A and B viruses, parainfluenza virus 1-3; respiratory syncytial virus (RSV); adenovirus, rhinovirus, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and enterovirus) in both HIV positive and negative patients hospitalized with severe acute respiratory illness (SARI), outpatients with influenza-like illness (ILI), and control subjects who did not report any febrile, respiratory or gastrointestinal illness during 2012-2015 in South Africa...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Mei-Yan Xu, Bing Cao, Dong-Fang Wang, Jing-Hui Guo, Kai-Li Chen, Mai Shi, Jian Yin, Qing-Bin Lu
Human adenovirus 36 (HAdV-36), as the key pathogen, was supposed and discussed to be associated with obesity. We searched the references on the association between HAdV-36 infection and obesity with the different epidemiological methods, to explore the relationship with a larger sample size by meta-analysis and compare the differences of epidemiological methods and population subsets by the subgroup analyses.We conducted literature search on the association between HAdV-36 infections and obesity in English or Chinese published up to July 1, 2015...
December 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Irene C Kuo, Colleen Espinosa, Michael Forman, Alexandra Valsamakis
PURPOSE: To devise and implement a practice algorithm that would enable rapid detection and appropriate furlough of hospital employees with adenoviral conjunctivitis in order to prevent healthcare-associated epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. DESIGN: Evaluation of an ongoing quality assurance/improvement initiative. METHODS: Employees of Johns Hopkins Hospital with signs and symptoms of adenoviral conjunctivitis underwent evaluation by nurse practitioners in Occupational Health and rapid diagnostic testing by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
March 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
L Dušátková, H Zamrazilová, I Aldhoon Hainerová, R L Atkinson, B Sedláčková, Z P Lee, J Včelák, B Bendlová, M Kunešová, V Hainer
Both, common gene variants and human adenovirus 36 (Adv36) are involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. The potential relationship between these two pathogenic factors has not yet been investigated. The aim of our study was to examine the association of obesity susceptibility loci with Adv36 status. Genotyping of ten gene variants (in/near TMEM18, SH2B1, KCTD15, PCSK1, BDNF, SEC16B, MC4R, FTO) and analysis of Adv36 antibodies was performed in 1,027 Czech adolescents aged 13.0-17.9 years. Variants of two genes (PCSK1 and BDNF) were associated with Adv36 seropositivity...
2015: Physiological Research
V Hainer, H Zamrazilová, M Kunešová, B Bendlová, I Aldhoon-Hainerová
Associations between different infectious agents and obesity have been reported in humans for over thirty years. In many cases, as in nosocomial infections, this relationship reflects the greater susceptibility of obese individuals to infection due to impaired immunity. In such cases, the infection is not related to obesity as a causal factor but represents a complication of obesity. In contrast, several infections have been suggested as potential causal factors in human obesity. However, evidence of a causal linkage to human obesity has only been provided for adenovirus 36 (Adv36)...
2015: Physiological Research
Heping Wang, Yuejie Zheng, Jikui Deng, Xiaowen Chen, Ping Liu, Xiliang Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand the molecular type of respiratory adenovirus in hospitalized children in Shenzhen and the relation to clinical diagnoses. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal swab specimens were obtained from 6,479 hospitalized children younger than 14 years with respiratory tract diseases in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from December 2012 to November 2013. Nasopharyngeal swabs were routine examined by direct immunofluorescence assay to detect respiratory agents including seven respiratory viruses...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
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