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Adenovirus 36

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679283/persistence-of-viruses-by-qpcr-downstream-of-three-effluent-dominated-rivers-in-the-western-united-states
#1
Hannah P Sassi, Koiya D Tuttle, Walter Q Betancourt, Masaaki Kitajima, Charles P Gerba
This study was designed to determine the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) signal persistence of viruses in three effluent-dominated streams. Samples were collected from the effluent outfall of three wastewater treatment plants in the Western United States and downstream at different locations. All samples were tested for the presence of pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV), adenoviruses, norovirus GI and GII, Aichi virus, and enteroviruses using qPCR. PMMoV was detected most frequently in 54/57 (94...
April 20, 2018: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657070/inclusion-of-the-murine-igg%C3%AE%C2%BA-signal-peptide-increases-the-cellular-immunogenicity-of-a-simian-adenoviral-vectored-plasmodium-vivax-multistage-vaccine
#2
Jairo A Fonseca, Jessica N McCaffery, Juan Caceres, Elena Kashentseva, Balwan Singh, Igor P Dmitriev, David T Curiel, Alberto Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Cellular and humoral immune responses are both involved in protection against Plasmodium infections. The only malaria vaccine available, RTS,S, primarily induces short-lived antibodies and targets only a pre-erythrocytic stage antigen. Inclusion of erythrocytic stage targets and enhancing cellular immunogenicity are likely necessary for developing an effective second-generation malaria vaccine. Adenovirus vectors have been used to improve the immunogenicity of protein-based vaccines...
April 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596527/influenza-virus-16-years-experience-of-clinical-epidemiologic-patterns-and-associated-infection-factors-in-hospitalized-children-in-argentina
#3
Angela Gentile, Maria Florencia Lucion, Maria Del Valle Juarez, Ana Clara Martinez, Viviana Romanin, Julia Bakir, Mariana Viegas, Alicia Mistchenko
BACKGROUND: Influenza is an important cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (aLRTI), hospitalization, and mortality in children. This study aimed to describe the clinical and epidemiologic patterns and infection factors associated with influenza, and compare case features of influenza A and B. METHODS: In a prospective, cross-sectional study, patients admitted for aLRTI, between 2000 and 2015, were tested for respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, influenza, or parainfluenza, and confirmed by fluorescent antibody (FA) or real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay of nasopharyngeal aspirates...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488229/nation-wide-surveillance-of-human-acute-respiratory-virus-infections-between-2013-and-2015-in-korea
#4
Jeong-Min Kim, Hee-Dong Jung, Hyang-Min Cheong, Anna Lee, Nam-Joo Lee, Hyuk Chu, Sung Soon Kim, Jang-Hoon Choi
The prevalence of eight respiratory viruses detected in patients with acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in Korea was investigated through analysis of data recorded by the Korea Influenza and Respiratory Viruses Surveillance System (KINRESS) from 2013 to 2015. Nasal aspirate and throat swabs specimens were collected from 36,915 patients with ARIs, and viral nucleic acids were detected by real-time (reverse-transcription) polymerase chain reaction for eight respiratory viruses, including human respiratory syncytial viruses (HRSVs), influenza viruses (IFVs), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs), human coronaviruses (HCoVs), human rhinovirus (HRV), human adenovirus (HAdV), human bocavirus (HBoV), and human metapneumovirus (HMPV)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487571/molecular-survey-of-viral-and-bacterial-causes-of-childhood-diarrhea-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#5
Mosab A Adam, Ji Wang, Khalid-A Enan, Hongwei Shen, Hao Wang, Abdel R El Hussein, Azza B Musa, Isam M Khidir, Xuejun Ma
Diarrheal disease is a major public health problem for children in developing countries. Knowledge of etiology that causes diarrheal illness is essential to implement public health measures to prevent and control this disease. Published studies regarding the situation of childhood diarrhea in Sudan is scanty. This study aims to investigate viral and bacterial etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with acute diarrhea in Khartoum State, Sudan. A total of 437 fecal samples were collected from hospitalized children <5 years old with acute diarrhea, viral and bacterial pathogens were investigated by using two-tube multiplex RT-PCR...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430857/phenotype-diffusion-and-one-health-a-proposed-framework-for-investigating-the-plurality-of-obesity-epidemics-across-many-species
#6
REVIEW
J D Voss, M S Goodson, J C Leon
We propose the idea of "phenotype diffusion," which is a rapid convergence of an observed trait in some human and animal populations. The words phenotype and diffusion both imply observations independent of mechanism as phenotypes are observed traits with multiple possible genetic mechanisms and diffusion is an observed state of being widely distributed. Recognizing shared changes in phenotype in multiple species does not by itself reveal a particular mechanism such as a shared exposure, shared adaptive need, particular stochastic process or a transmission pathway...
February 12, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375685/bnip3-bcl-2-mediated-apoptosis-induced-by-cyclic-tensile-stretch-in-human-cartilage-endplate-derived-stem-cells
#7
Chao Yuan, Luqiao Pu, Zhiliang He, Jian Wang
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of cyclic stretch-induced apoptosis in human intervertebral disc cartilage endplate-derived stem cells (CESCs). CESCs were stretched by the Flexercell-4000™ Tension Plus system, the effect on cell viability was measured by a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, while cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3), Bcl-2, Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer (Bak), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), Bcl extra large (Bcl-xl) and the activity of caspase-3, while Z-VAD-FMK was used to inhibit caspase-3...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350143/adenovirus-type-4-respiratory-infections-among-civilian-adults-northeastern-united-states-2011-2015-1
#8
Adriana E Kajon, Daryl M Lamson, Camden R Bair, Xiaoyan Lu, Marie L Landry, Marilyn Menegus, Dean D Erdman, Kirsten St George
Human adenovirus type 4 (HAdV-4) is most commonly isolated in military settings. We conducted detailed molecular characterization on 36 HAdV-4 isolates recovered from civilian adults with acute respiratory disease (ARD) in the northeastern United States during 2011-2015. Specimens came from college students, residents of long-term care facilities or nursing homes, a cancer patient, and young adults without co-morbidities. HAdV-4 genome types 4a1 and 4a2, the variants most frequently detected among US military recruits in basic training before the restoration of vaccination protocols, were isolated in most cases...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332209/the-rapid-diagnosis-of-viral-respiratory-tract-infections-and-its-impact-on-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#9
Şiran Keske, Önder Ergönül, Faik Tutucu, Doruk Karaaslan, Erhan Palaoğlu, Füsun Can
We aimed to describe the potential benefit of new rapid molecular respiratory tests (MRT) in decreasing inappropriate antibiotic use among the inpatients presenting with influenza-like illness (ILI). We included patients from inpatient and outpatient departments who had ILI and performed MRT between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2016 in a 265-bed private hospital in Istanbul. At the end of 2015, we implemented antimicrobial stewardship including systematic use of MRT. Then, we compared our observations between the year 2015 and the year 2016...
April 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284287/recombinant-adenovirus-p53-gene-therapy-for-advanced-unresectable-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#10
Shao Wen Xiao, Yi-Zhi Xu, Bu-Fan Xiao, Jing Jiang, Chang-Qing Liu, Zhi-Wei Fang, Dong-Ming Li, Xiao Fan Li, Yong Cai, Yong Heng Li, Yan Sun, Xing Su, Guang-Ying Zhu, Shan Wen Zhang
Patients with unresectable advanced soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) receiving radiotherapy or/and chemotherapy still have a poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate retrospectively the efficacy and safety of recombinant adenovirus-p53 (rAd-p53) gene therapy combined with radiotherapy and hyperthermia for advanced STS. A total of 71 patients with advanced unresectable STS treated at the authors' center from April 2007 to November 2014 were included. Of these 71 patients, 36 cases received rAd-p53 therapy combined with radiotherapy and hyperthermia (p53 group), while 35 cases received radiotherapy and hyperthermia alone (control group)...
March 2, 2018: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236304/enterovirus-detection-in-patients-with-acute-gastroenteritis-in-switzerland
#11
Rainer Gosert, Ulrich Heininger, Hans H Hirsch
Acute gastroenteritis (GE) has a major impact on morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet comprehensive data regarding infectious agents including enteroviruses are scarce. We hypothesized that enteroviruses constitute a significant cause of acute GE. We analyzed 677 stool samples from 504 patients, which had been submitted for suspected infectious GE. 0.2 mL of stool suspension was extracted using the Abbott m2000sp robot and analysed by multiplex nucleic acid testing (NAT) using the Luminex xTAG gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GPP) as well as by specific NATs detecting enteroviruses and polioviruses...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189864/-the-potential-contribution-of-adenovirus-36-to-the-development-of-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Francisca Villavicencio, Macarena Valladares
The evidence of the last 20 years shows a link between viral infections and obesity in animals and humans. There are five adenovirus which have been associated with development of obesity in animals. SMAM-1 virus was the first studied in humans associated with obesity. There is compelling evidence that Ad-36 virus could contribute to the development of obesity in humans and it is related with body mass index (BMI). This manuscript reviews the association between Ad-36 and the other four virus infections with obesity...
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168970/human-adenovirus-36-seropositivity-and-obesity-among-midwestern-us-adolescents
#13
Aneesh K Tosh, Mollie G Wasserman, Matthew T McLeay Ii, Sara K Tepe
Objective Human adenovirus-36 (Ad-36) infection has been implicated as a risk factor for obesity. This study aims to measure Ad-36 antibody prevalence among obese and healthy-weight Midwestern US adolescents. Methods Obese and healthy-weight subjects 10-18 years of age attending an adolescent clinic in Missouri, USA, were tested for Ad-36 antibodies via ELISA assay. All subjects were measured for height and weight to determine body mass index (BMI). χ2 analysis was used to compare Ad-36 antibody prevalence between the two groups...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147126/using-rats-as-a-research-model-to-investigate-the-effect-of-human-adenovirus-36-on-weight-gain
#14
Fatemeh Shirani, Ali Teimoori, Mohammad Rashno, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Majid Karandish
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has shown a positive correlation between obesity and viral infections with a particular emphasis on the human adenovirus-36 (Ad-36). Ad-36 is the first human virus that may increase adiposity in animals, and it is considered as a possible risk factor for obesity in humans; however, the results were not consistent across all the studies. The present study was conducted to examine the influence of Ad-36 infection on obesity in a rat model. METHODS: Eight-week-old male Wistar rats weighing 170-240 gram (g), were randomly divided into two groups, infection group (48 rats) and a control group (12 rats)...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141203/mouse-adenovirus-type-1-infection-of-adipose-tissue
#15
Caitlyn T Molloy, Laura J Adkins, Cameron Griffin, Kanakadurga Singer, Jason B Weinberg
Human adenovirus (HAdV) type 36 seropositivity has been linked to obesity in humans. That link is supported by a small number of studies using HAdV-36 infection of animals that are not natural hosts for HAdVs. In this study, we infected mice with mouse adenovirus type 1 (MAV-1), a mouse pathogen, to determine whether MAV-1 infected adipose tissue and was associated with adipose tissue inflammation and obesity. We detected MAV-1 in adipose tissue during acute MAV-1 infection, but we did not detect virus-induced increases in adipose tissue cytokine expression or histological evidence of adipose tissue inflammation during acute infection...
January 15, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115156/development-and-evaluation-of-novel-recombinant-adenovirus-based-vaccine-candidates-for-infectious-bronchitis-virus-and-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-in-chickens
#16
Dongchao Zhang, Yuqing Long, Meng Li, Jianfang Gong, Xiaohui Li, Jing Lin, Jiali Meng, Keke Gao, Ruili Zhao, Tianming Jin
Avian infectious bronchitis caused by the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), and mycoplasmosis caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) are two major respiratory diseases in chickens that have resulted in severe economic losses in the poultry industry. We constructed a recombinant adenovirus that simultaneously expresses the S1 spike glycoprotein of IBV and the TM-1 protein of MG (pBH-S1-TM-1-EGFP). For comparison, we constructed two recombinant adenoviruses (pBH-S1-EGFP and pBH-TM-1-EGFP) that express either the S1 spike glycoprotein or the TM-1 protein alone...
April 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020589/phase-2-placebo-controlled-trial-of-two-vaccines-to-prevent-ebola-in-liberia
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stephen B Kennedy, Fatorma Bolay, Mark Kieh, Greg Grandits, Moses Badio, Ripley Ballou, Risa Eckes, Mark Feinberg, Dean Follmann, Birgit Grund, Swati Gupta, Lisa Hensley, Elizabeth Higgs, Krisztina Janosko, Melvin Johnson, Francis Kateh, James Logue, Jonathan Marchand, Thomas Monath, Martha Nason, Tolbert Nyenswah, François Roman, Eric Stavale, Julian Wolfson, James D Neaton, H Clifford Lane
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of vaccines to prevent Ebola virus disease (EVD) were unknown when the incidence of EVD was peaking in Liberia. METHODS: We initiated a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial of the chimpanzee adenovirus 3 vaccine (ChAd3-EBO-Z) and the recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus vaccine (rVSV∆G-ZEBOV-GP) in Liberia. A phase 2 subtrial was embedded to evaluate safety and immunogenicity. Because the incidence of EVD declined in Liberia, the phase 2 component was expanded and the phase 3 component was eliminated...
October 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017084/disseminated-adenovirus-infection-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplant-and-the-potential-role-of-brincidofovir-case-series-and-10-year-experience-of-management-in-an-adult-transplant-cohort
#18
REVIEW
Isobel D Ramsay, Charlotte Attwood, Dianne Irish, Paul D Griffiths, Charalampia Kyriakou, David M Lowe
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus infection is a recognized complication following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We present a review of our experience of these infections in our transplant cohort over 10 years including 3 patients treated with the novel antiviral brincidofovir. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe the presentation, response to treatment and outcomes of adult stem cell transplant patients with disseminated adenovirus infection. STUDY DESIGN: All adult cases of disseminated adenovirus infection following haematopoietic stem cell transplant in our unit between 2005 and 2015 were identified...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980083/adenovirus-infection-in-savanna-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-schweinfurthii-in-the-issa-valley-tanzania
#19
Eva Dadáková, Kristýna Brožová, Alex K Piel, Fiona A Stewart, David Modrý, Vladimír Celer, Kristýna Hrazdilová
Adenoviruses are a widespread cause of diverse human infections with recently confirmed zoonotic roots in African great apes. We focused on savanna-dwelling chimpanzees in the Issa Valley (Tanzania), which differ from those from forested sites in many aspects of behavior and ecology. PCR targeting the DNA polymerase gene detected AdV in 36.7% (69/188) of fecal samples. We detected five groups of strains belonging to the species Human mastadenovirus E and two distinct groups within the species Human mastadenovirus C based on partial hexon sequence...
January 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923509/the-complete-genome-sequence-of-human-adenovirus-84-a-highly-recombinant-new-human-mastadenovirus-d-type-with-a-unique-fiber-gene
#20
Győző L Kaján, Adriana E Kajon, Alexis Castillo Pinto, Dániel Bartha, Niklas Arnberg
A novel human adenovirus was isolated from a pediatric case of acute respiratory disease in Panama City, Panama in 2011. The clinical isolate was initially identified as an intertypic recombinant based on hexon and fiber gene sequencing. Based on the analysis of its complete genome sequence, the novel complex recombinant Human mastadenovirus D (HAdV-D) strain was classified into a new HAdV type: HAdV-84, and it was designated Adenovirus D human/PAN/P309886/2011/84[P43H17F84]. HAdV-D types possess usually an ocular or gastrointestinal tropism, and respiratory association is scarcely reported...
September 18, 2017: Virus Research
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