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Deep cervical flexor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867408/reliability-of-a-measurement-method-for-the-cross-sectional-area-of-the-longus-colli-using-real-time-ultrasound-imaging
#1
Cliona O'Riordan, Pepijn Van De Ven, John Nelson, Karen McCreesh, Amanda Clifford
OBJECTIVE: Real-time ultrasound imaging is an established objective outcome measurement with proven reliability. However, it is still largely biased by user-ability. Published research in the area of real-time ultrasound imaging reliability in the cervical region and in particular the deep cervical flexors is quite sparse. The purpose of this investigation was to examine if a novice ultrasound user could agree favourably with an experienced ultrasound sonographer in measuring the cross-sectional area of the longus colli...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422596/does-increased-superficial-neck-flexor-activity-in-the-craniocervical-flexion-test-reflect-reduced-deep-flexor-activity-in-people-with-neck-pain
#2
Gwendolen Jull, Deborah Falla
BACKGROUND: The craniocervical flexion test assesses the deep cervical flexor muscles (longus capitis, longus colli). Ideally, electromyography (EMG) studies measure activity in both deep and superficial (sternocleidomastoid, anterior scalene) flexors during the test, but most studies confine recordings to superficial muscle activity as the technique to record the deep muscles is invasive. Higher activity of the superficial flexors has been interpreted as an indicator of reduced deep flexor activity in people with neck pain but how close the inverse relationship is during this test is unknown...
September 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257980/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-mulligan-s-mobilization-and-kinesio-taping-on-pain-range-of-motion-muscle-strength-and-neck-disability-in-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis-a-randomized-controlled-study1
#3
Canan Copurgensli, Gozde Gur, Volga Bayrakcı Tunay
BACKGROUND: Cervical Spondylosis (CS) is a degenerative and painful pathology, which needs conservative treatment to relieve symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the effects of Mulligan's mobilization (MM) and Kinesio taping (KT) on pain, range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, and function in CS. METHODS: Forty-five subjects were randomly placed into three groups: Group 1: control group (conventional rehabilitation-CR); Group 2: MM and CR; Group 3: KT and CR...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223338/mri-findings-of-injury-to-the-longus-colli-muscle-in-patients-with-neck-trauma
#4
Deepak Takhtani, Eduardo Scortegagna, Oguz Cataltepe, Sathish Dundamadappa
OBJECTIVE: The longus colli muscle (LCM) forms the bulk of the deep flexor muscles of the neck. To our knowledge, very little information on the effects of trauma on this muscle group has been published. We describe MRI findings related to injury of the LCM in patients with a history of neck trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A radiology department database was searched to identify patient medical records from 2008 to 2013 that included the keywords "longus colli" and "deep flexors...
August 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104049/performance-of-high-school-football-players-on-clinical-measures-of-deep-cervical-flexor-endurance-and-cervical-active-range-of-motion-is-history-of-concussion-a-factor
#5
Laura Smith, Thomas Ruediger, Bara Alsalaheen, Ryan Bean
BACKGROUND: More than one million adolescent athletes participated in organized high school sanctioned football during the 2014-15 season. These athletes are at risk for sustaining concussion. Although cervical spine active range of motion (AROM) and deep neck flexor endurance may serve a preventative role in concussion, and widespread clinical use of measurements of these variables, reference values are not available for this population. Cost effective, clinically relevant methods for measuring neck endurance are also well established for adolescent athletes...
April 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957772/clinical-effects-of-deep-cervical-flexor-muscle-activation-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain
#6
Jin Young Kim, Kwang Il Kwag
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical effects of deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscles exercise on pain, Neck Disability Index (NDI), and neck and shoulder postures in patients with chronic neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-eight patients with chronic neck pain were randomly assigned into either the general strengthening exercise (GSE) group or the DCF activation group as control and experimental groups, respectively. All exercises were performed three times per week over 4 weeks...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957752/effect-of-thoracic-manipulation-and-deep-craniocervical-flexor-training-on-pain-mobility-strength-and-disability-of-the-neck-of-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Kwan-Woo Lee, Won-Ho Kim
[Purpose] To investigate the effects of thoracic manipulation and deep craniocervical flexor training on the muscle strength and endurance, range of motion, and the disability index of the neck of patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-six patients with chronic neck pain participated. They received an intervention for 35 minutes a day, three times a week for 10 weeks. Subjects were randomly assigned to one control and two experimental groups: group A (thoracic manipulation combined with deep craniocervical flexor training, n=16), group B (deep craniocervical flexor training, n=15), and group C (active self-exercise as a control group, n=15)...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949411/computer-vision-based-automatic-extraction-and-thickness-measurement-of-deep-cervical-flexor-from-ultrasonic-images
#8
Kwang Baek Kim, Doo Heon Song, Hyun Jun Park
Deep Cervical Flexor (DCF) muscles are important in monitoring and controlling neck pain. While ultrasonographic analysis is useful in this area, it has intrinsic subjectivity problem. In this paper, we propose automatic DCF extractor/analyzer software based on computer vision. One of the major difficulties in developing such an automatic analyzer is to detect important organs and their boundaries under very low brightness contrast environment. Our fuzzy sigma binarization process is one of the answers for that problem...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891657/correlation-between-deep-cervical-flexor-muscle-thickness-at-rest-and-sternocleidomastoid-activity-during-the-craniocervical-flexion-test
#9
Hiroshi Ishida, Tadanobu Suehiro, Koji Ono, Chiharu Kurozumi, Susumu Watanabe
The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the thickness of the deep cervical flexor muscles (longus capitis and longus colli) at rest and sternocleidomastoid activity during the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT). Thirteen healthy males participated in this study. The thickness of the deep cervical flexor muscles was measured by ultrasound imaging in a relaxed supine position. Activity of the sternocleidomastoid was measured by electromyography during the CCFT at five incremental levels (22, 24, 26, 28, and 30 mm Hg)...
January 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834355/the-effects-of-eye-coordination-during-deep-cervical-flexor-training-on-the-thickness-of-the-cervical-flexors
#10
Hyun-Ju Moon, Bong-Oh Goo, Hae-Yeon Kwon, Jun-Hyeok Jang
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify changes in the thicknesses of the cervical flexors according to eye coordination during deep cervical flexor training. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty normal adults were randomly selected, and during their deep cervical flexor training and eye tracking, the thicknesses of the longus colli and the sternocleidomastoid were measured using ultrasonic waves. [Results] The thickness of the longus colli statistically significantly increased when deep cervical flexor training and eye coordination were performed simultaneously...
December 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26696695/changes-in-the-thickness-of-the-cervical-flexor-depending-on-the-contraction-level-of-the-masticatory-muscle-during-deep-cervical-flexor-training
#11
Hyun-Ju Moon, Bong-Oh Goo, Hae-Yeon Kwon
[Purpose] This study examined the changes in the thickness of the deep cervical flexor according to the contraction intensity of the masticatory muscle during deep cervical flexor training. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy adults were randomly selected and the thicknesses of their longus colli and sternocleidomastoid were measured with ultrasound when the masticatory muscle contracted during deep cervical flexor training. [Results] The thickness of the longus colli tended to increase in proportion to the contraction intensity of the masticatory muscle, with a significant difference...
November 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26659920/comparison-of-cranio-cervical-flexion-training-versus-cervical-proprioception-training-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tomás Gallego Izquierdo, Daniel Pecos-Martin, Enrique Lluch Girbés, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Ricardo Rodríguez Caldentey, Rodrigo Mayor Melús, Diego Blanco Mariscal, Deborah Falla
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of cranio-cervical flexion vs cervical proprioception training on neuromuscular control, pressure pain sensitivity and perceived pain and disability in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: Twenty-eight volunteers with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 interventions and undertook 6 physiotherapist-supervised sessions over a period of 2 months. Both groups performed daily home exercise. Performance on the cranio-cervical flexion test, pressure pain thresholds and reported levels of pain and disability were measured before and immediately after the first treatment session, 1 month after starting treatment and 2 months after starting treatment (at completion of the intervention)...
January 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644676/deep-cervical-flexor-training-with-a-pressure-biofeedback-unit-is-an-effective-method-for-maintaining-neck-mobility-and-muscular-endurance-in-college-students-with-forward-head-posture
#13
Dong Yeon Kang
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of deep cervical flexor training on maintaining forward head posture, muscular endurance, and cervical mobility. It also examined the effectiveness of deep cervical flexor training with a pressure biofeedback unit. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty college students were recruited and randomly assigned to groups that underwent either deep cervical flexor training with a pressure biofeedback unit (experimental group, n=10) or conventional deep cervical flexor training (control group, n=10)...
October 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26592229/correlation-between-neck-slope-angle-and-deep-cervical-flexor-muscle-thickness-in-healthy-participants
#14
Hiroshi Ishida, Tadanobu Suehiro, Chiharu Kurozumi, Koji Ono, Suguru Ando, Susumu Watanabe
The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between neck slope angle and deep cervical flexor muscle thickness in healthy subjects. Forty-two healthy male (20.7 ± 2.6 years old) participated in this study. Neck slope angle was measured in a relaxed sitting posture. The deep cervical flexor muscle thickness was measured in a relaxed supine posture. The correlations between neck slope angle and normalized muscle thickness relative to body mass index were determined using Pearson's correlation coefficient...
October 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356640/the-ratio-of-change-in-muscle-thickness-between-superficial-and-deep-cervical-flexor-muscles-during-the-craniocervical-flexion-test-and-a-suggestion-regarding-clinical-treatment-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-neck-pain
#15
Miran Goo, Seong-Gil Kim, Deokhoon Jun
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the imbalance of muscle recruitment in cervical flexor muscles during the craniocervical flexion test by using ultrasonography and to propose the optimal level of pressure in clinical craniocervical flexion exercise for people with neck pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 18 students (9 males and 9 females) with neck pain at D University in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, participated in this study. The change in muscle thickness in superficial and deep cervical flexor muscles during the craniocervical flexion test was measured using ultrasonography...
August 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26285326/-the-importance-of-muscular-disbalance-in-physical-therapy-of-the-patients-presenting-with-pneumonia
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
D A Somov, M R Makarova, I N Makarova
UNLABELLED: Thematic justification. Pneumonia holds a leading position among the pathological conditions responsible for temporary disability. AIM: The objective of the present study was to develop a rationale for the system of therapeutic physical exercises designed to treat the patients presenting with pneumonia taking into consideration the myofascial disorders and to elucidate its advantages, if any, over the conventional approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 134 patients the patients presenting were examined and treated after they were randomly divided into two groups...
May 2015: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175099/neck-muscle-function-in-violinists-violists-with-and-without-neck-pain
#17
Anke Steinmetz, Andrew Claus, Paul W Hodges, Gwendolen A Jull
Neck pain is associated with changes in neuromuscular control of cervical muscles. Violin and viola playing requires good function of the flexor muscles to stabilize the instrument. This study investigated the flexor muscle behaviour in violin/viola players with and without neck pain using the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT). In total, 12 violin/viola players with neck pain, 21 violin/viola players without neck pain in the preceding 12 weeks and 21 pain-free non-musicians were included. Activity of the sternocleidomastoid muscles (SCM) was measured with surface electromyography (EMG) during the CCFT...
April 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26118511/ultrasound-imaging-of-the-diagonal-dimension-of-the-deep-cervical-flexor-muscles-a-reliability-study-on-healthy-subjects
#18
Hiroshi Ishida, Tadanobu Suehiro, Chiharu Kurozumi, Koji Ono, Susumu Watanabe
The purpose of this study is to assess the reliability of a new ultrasound imaging (USI) parameter and procedure for the evaluation of the size of the deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscles. Thirty-one healthy male subjects (21.6 ± 2.5 years old) participated in this study. Two images of the diagonal dimension (DD) of the DCF of the subjects, at 1.5 fingerbreadths below the laryngeal prominence of the thyroid cartilage in a relaxed state, were taken on separate days with a 1-week interval. The intraclass correlation coefficient between the days was 0...
July 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26045606/diagnostic-value-of-clinical-cervical-spine-tests-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-somatic-tinnitus
#19
Sarah Michiels, Paul Van de Heyning, Steven Truijen, Willem De Hertogh
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus can be related to many different etiologies, such as hearing loss or a noise trauma, but it also can be related to the somatosensory system of the cervical spine. The diagnosis of cervicogenic somatic tinnitus (CST) is made when the predominant feature is the temporal coincidence of appearance or increase of both neck pain and tinnitus. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of clinical cervical spine tests in people with CST...
November 2015: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25812548/the-effect-of-different-exercise-programs-on-cervical-flexor-muscles-dimensions-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Khodabakhsh Javanshir, Mohsen Amiri, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei, Cesar Fernandez De las Penas, Asghar Rezasoltani
OBJECTIVE: The effect of different exercise programs on cervical flexor muscles dimensions in patients with chronic neck pain is yet to be demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of two exercise programs; craniocervical flexion (CCF) and cervical flexion (CF), on flexor muscles dimensions in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: Following ethical approval, 60 patients were randomly assigned into either a CCF group or a CF group. Patients in the CCF group were given CCF exercises and those in the CF group received CF exercises...
2015: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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