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Deep cervical flexor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#1
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536618/cervical-flexor-muscle-training-reduces-pain-anxiety-and-depression-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-by-a-clinically-important-amount-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Goris Nazari, Pavlos Bobos, Evdokia Billis, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neck pain is the fourth leading cause of disability in the United States and exerts an important socio-economic burden around the world. The aims of this study were to determine the effectiveness of deep and superficial flexor muscle training in addition to home-based exercises in reducing chronic neck pain and anxiety/depression levels. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. Patients between 18 and 65 years old with chronic neck pain were eligible to participate if they had disability levels at least 5 out of 50 on the Neck Disability Index...
March 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524355/is-it-possible-to-relate-accommodative-visual-dysfunctions-to-neck-pain
#3
María Carmen Sánchez-González, Verónica Pérez-Cabezas, Inmaculada López-Izquierdo, Estanislao Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Carmen Ruiz-Molinero, Manuel Rebollo-Salas, José Jesús Jiménez-Rejano
The aim of this study was to establish whether there is a relationship between conditions of accommodative visual dysfunctions and cervical complaints. Fifty-two participants were included. Variables were accommodative amplitude, positive and negative relative accommodation (NRA), accommodative response, and accommodative facility. Subjects were classified as accommodative insufficiency, accommodative excess, or normal. Neck complaints were measured with the Neck Disability Index, the Visual Analogue Scale, and by cervical range of motion, deep flexor muscle activation score, and performance index...
March 10, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472267/measurement-properties-of-the-craniocervical-flexion-test-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Francisco Xavier de Araujo, Giovanni Esteves Ferreira, Maurício Scholl Schell, Marcelo Peduzzi de Castro, Marcelo Faria Silva, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide and it accounts for high economic and societal burden. Altered activation of the neck muscles is a common musculoskeletal impairment presented by patients with neck pain. The craniocervical flexion test with pressure biofeedback unit has been widely used in clinical practice to assess function of deep neck flexor muscles. This systematic review will assess the measurement properties of the craniocervical flexion test for assessing deep cervical flexor muscles...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332749/long-term-effect-of-direction-movement-control-training-on-female-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain
#5
Zohreh Khosrokiani, Amir Letafatkar, Yahya Sokhanguei
BACKGROUND: Treatment of movement faults in the neck is known as an important factor in treatment of chronic neck pain. Along with the identification of site and direction of the faults, direction-movement control intervention retrains the control of the movement faults. PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate long-term effects of a direction-movement control training on pain, disability, head repositioning accuracy, function, cervical flexor endurance, and range of motion in female patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332734/correlation-between-cervical-flexor-muscle-thickness-and-craniocervical-flexion-torque-in-healthy-subjects
#6
Hiroshi Ishida, Tadanobu Suehiro, Susumu Watanabe
The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between the size of the cervical flexor muscles and craniocervical (CC) flexion torque. Thirty-eight healthy men participated in this study. Thickness of the deep cervical flexor (DCF) and sternocleidomastoid (SM) muscles were measured using ultrasonography. Maximal isometric CC flexion torque was measured using dynamometry. The DCF and SM muscle thickness and CC flexion torque were normalized relative to body weight. Correlations between normalized muscle thickness and normalized CC flexion torque were determined...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332030/what-is-a-more-effective-method-of-cranio-cervical-flexion-exercises
#7
Junhyung Park, Do-Heung Ko, Jingang Her, Jihea Woo
BACKGROUND: Cranio-cervical flexion exercise (CCFE) is a representative exercise that activates the deep muscles of neck pain patients. However, there are a lack of studies that propose specific exercise methods to examine the more effective activity level of the deep cervical flexor. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to propose a more effective exercise method through effect comparison based on an optimal degree of mouth-opening, a mouth-open versus mouth-closed position, eye gaze, and body position change during CCFE...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329738/relationship-between-proprioception-and-endurance-functionality-of-the-cervical-flexor-muscles-in-chronic-neck-pain-and-asymptomatic-participants
#8
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir H Kahlaee, Mohammad R Nourbakhsh, Amena Ahmadi, Amir M Arab
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship between flexion endurance capacity and joint position error in participants with or without chronic neck pain (CNP). METHODS: Sixty-one CNP and 60 asymptomatic volunteers participated in this cross-sectional, case-control, and correlational analysis study. The measured variables included absolute and constant joint repositioning errors in the sagittal and horizontal directions, clinical flexor endurance test score, pain intensity, and neck disability index...
February 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304254/the-relevance-of-proprioception-to-chronic-neck-pain-a-correlational-analysis-of-flexor-muscle-size-and-endurance-clinical-neck-pain-characteristics-and-proprioception
#9
Somayeh Amiri Arimi, Leila Ghamkhar, Amir H Kahlaee
Background: Impairment in the cervical proprioception and deep flexor muscle function and morphology have been regarded to be associated with chronic neck pain (CNP). Objective:  The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between proprioception and flexor endurance capacity and size and clinical CNP characteristics. Design:  This was an observational, cross-sectional study. Setting:  Rehabilitation hospital laboratory...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730680/cervical-stability-training-with-and-without-core-stability-training-for-patients-with-cervical-disc-herniation-a-randomized-single-blind-study
#10
B Buyukturan, A Guclu-Gunduz, O Buyukturan, Y Dadali, S Bilgin, E E Kurt
BACKGROUND: This study aims at evaluating and comparing the effects of cervical stability training to combined cervical and core stability training in patients with neck pain and cervical disc herniation. METHODS: Fifty patients with neck pain and cervical disc herniation were included in the study, randomly divided into two groups as cervical stability and cervical-core stability. Training was applied three times a week in three phases, and lasted for a total duration of 8 weeks...
November 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714658/progressive-shoulder-neck-exercise-on-cervical-muscle-functions-in-middle-aged-and-senior-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain
#11
I-Hsien Lin, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou, Chih-Min Tsou, Yi-Ching Huang
BACKGROUND: Although neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder, there is no consensus on suitable exercise methods for middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain. Therefore, this study investigated the effectiveness of a 6-week shoulder-neck exercise intervention program on cervical muscle function improvement in patients aged 45 years or older with chronic neck pain. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of progressive shoulder-neck exercise on cervical muscle functions of middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain...
February 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644248/are-ultrasonographic-measures-of-cervical-flexor-muscles-correlated-with-flexion-endurance-in-chronic-neck-pain-and-asymptomatic-participants
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Leila Ghamkhar, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the relationship between some clinical factors and the size of neck flexors in participants with or without chronic neck pain. DESIGN: In this case-control study, the correlation between flexor endurance capacity as well as thickness, cross-section area, and shape ratio of longus colli/capitis and sternocleidomastoid muscles were examined in 30 patients with chronic neck pain and 30 asymptomatic participants. RESULTS: The patients showed lower flexor endurance (P = 0...
December 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498073/does-the-mesodermal-derangement-in-chiari-type-i-malformation-extend-to-the-cervical-spine-evidence-from-an-analytical-morphometric-study-on-cervical-paraspinal-muscles
#13
Sumit Thakar, Avinash Kurudi Siddappa, Saritha Aryan, Dilip Mohan, Narayanam Anantha Sai Kiran, Alangar S Hegde
OBJECTIVE The mesodermal derangement in Chiari Type I malformation (CMI) has been postulated to encompass the cervical spine. The objectives of this study were to assess the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of cervical paraspinal muscles (PSMs) in patients with CMI without syringomyelia, compare them with those in non-CMI subjects, and evaluate their correlations with various factors. METHODS In this retrospective study, the CSAs of cervical PSMs in 25 patients were calculated on T2-weighted axial MR images and computed as ratios with respect to the corresponding vertebral body areas...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453446/the-effects-of-neural-mobilization-on-cervical-radiculopathy-patients-pain-disability-rom-and-deep-flexor-endurance
#14
Dong-Gyu Kim, Sin Ho Chung, Ho Bal Jung
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy (CR) is a disease of the cervical spine and a space-occupying lesion that occurs because of pathological problems with cervical nerve roots. Nerve root injury to produce functional disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of neural mobilization with manual cervical traction (NMCT) compared with manual cervical traction (MCT) on pain, functional disability, muscle endurance, and range of motion (ROM) in individuals with CR patients...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256338/the-relationship-between-rms-electromyography-and-thickness-change-in-the-skeletal-muscles
#15
Sharareh Kian-Bostanabad, Mahmood-Reza Azghani
The knowledge of muscle function may affect prescribing medications and physical treatments. Recently, ultrasound and electromyography (EMG) have been used to assess the skeletal muscles activity. The relationship between these methods has been reported in numerous articles qualitatively. In this paper, the relationship between EMG root-mean-square (RMS) and ultrasound data of muscle thickness has been investigated using Response Surface Methodology in the muscles separately and together and predictive models reported...
May 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225440/the-effect-of-different-exercise-programs-on-size-and-function-of-deep-cervical-flexor-muscles-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Somayeh Amiri Arimi, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei, Khodabakhsh Javanshir, Asghar Rezasoltani, Akbar Biglarian
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the major public health problems, which has a great impact on people's lives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review published studies conducted on the effect of different exercise programs on activity, size, endurance, and strength of deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: The PubMed, Science Direct, OVID, Google scholar, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Databases were searched to determine relevant articles published from 1990 to March 2016...
August 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214618/deep-neck-flexor-endurance-in-the-adolescent-and-young-adult-normative-data-and-associated-attributes
#17
Nathan F Jarman, Toby Brooks, C Roger James, Troy Hooper, Mark Wilhelm, Jean-Michel Brismée, Manuel A Domenech, Stanley J Kotara, Phillip S Sizer
BACKGROUND: Deep neck flexor (DNF) muscles stabilize the neck and contribute to head acceleration control. The function of DNF in cervical spine dynamic stabilization has not been examined in athletes of any age group, including adolescents. This investigation was necessary prior to studying the DNF muscles' role in cervical spine injury patterns. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (1) to determine average Deep Neck Flexor Endurance Test (DNFET) time scores in high school-aged and university-aged subjects (aged 14-22 years); and (2) to establish the relationship between gender and age for adolescent DNFET time scores...
October 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990302/does-deep-cervical-flexor-muscle-training-affect-pain-pressure-thresholds-of-myofascial-trigger-points-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Pavlos Bobos, Evdokia Billis, Dimitra-Tania Papanikolaou, Constantinos Koutsojannis, Joy C MacDermid
Background. We need to understand more about how DNF performs in different contexts and whether it affects the pain threshold over myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). Purpose. The objectives were to investigate the effect of neck muscles training on disability and pain and on pain threshold over MTrPs in people with chronic neck pain. Methods. Patients with chronic neck pain were eligible for participation with a Neck Disability Index (NDI) score of over 5/50 and having at least one MTrP on either levator scapulae, upper trapezoid, or splenius capitis muscle...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867408/reliability-of-a-measurement-method-for-the-cross-sectional-area-of-the-longus-colli-using-real-time-ultrasound-imaging
#19
Cliona O'Riordan, Pepijn Van De Ven, John Nelson, Karen McCreesh, Amanda Clifford
OBJECTIVE: Real-time ultrasound imaging is an established objective outcome measurement with proven reliability. However, it is still largely biased by user-ability. Published research in the area of real-time ultrasound imaging reliability in the cervical region and in particular the deep cervical flexors is quite sparse. The purpose of this investigation was to examine if a novice ultrasound user could agree favourably with an experienced ultrasound sonographer in measuring the cross-sectional area of the longus colli...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422596/does-increased-superficial-neck-flexor-activity-in-the-craniocervical-flexion-test-reflect-reduced-deep-flexor-activity-in-people-with-neck-pain
#20
Gwendolen Jull, Deborah Falla
BACKGROUND: The craniocervical flexion test assesses the deep cervical flexor muscles (longus capitis, longus colli). Ideally, electromyography (EMG) studies measure activity in both deep and superficial (sternocleidomastoid, anterior scalene) flexors during the test, but most studies confine recordings to superficial muscle activity as the technique to record the deep muscles is invasive. Higher activity of the superficial flexors has been interpreted as an indicator of reduced deep flexor activity in people with neck pain but how close the inverse relationship is during this test is unknown...
September 2016: Manual Therapy
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