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Oral contrast ct

A M Villanueva Campos, G Tardáguila de la Fuente, E Utrera Pérez, C Jurado Basildo, D Mera Fernández, C Martínez Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether there are significant differences in the objective quantitative parameters obtained in the postprocessing of dual-energy CT enterography studies between bowel segments with radiologic signs of Crohn's disease and radiologically normal segments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 33 patients (16 men and 17 women; mean age 54 years) with known Crohn's disease who underwent CT enterography on a dual-energy scanner with oral sorbitol and intravenous contrast material in the portal phase...
March 14, 2018: Radiología
Joseph Basile, James F Kenny, Boris Khodorkovsky, Elias Youssef, Brahim Ardolic, Jerel Chacko, Barry Hahn
INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis using only intravenous contrast has been shown to have a high degree of accuracy in evaluating abdominal pain. The aim of this study was to determine the effect on time to completion of study, time to radiologist read, and length of stay in the emergency department (ED) of implementing a protocol that stopped the routine use of oral contrast for CT of the abdomen and pelvis. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective cohort study...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Kentaro Minami, Koji Kumagai, Yoshinao Sugai, Kohki Nakamura, Shigeto Naito, Shigeru Oshima
A 19-year-old man was referred due to sudden onset of right foot pain and chest discomfort. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed massive thrombi in the right pulmonary artery and femoral vein. The patient's father had experienced multiple recurrences of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and was diagnosed with inherited antithrombin deficiency by a genetic examination. The patient was administered the oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban (30 mg). After seven days, the thrombus disappeared. Rivaroxaban (15 mg) was continued for 6 months with no recurrence, indicating the efficacy of this factor Xa inhibitor for the treatment and prevention of VTE in patients with antithrombin deficiency...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Ke-Hao Huang, Ming-Cheng Tai, Lung-Chi Lee, Tzu-Heng Weng, Yi-Hao Chen, Li-Fan Lin, Jiann-Torng Chen, Da-Wen Lu, Ching-Long Chen
RATIONALE: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is a rare disease and could be associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). This report was aimed to investigate the utility of F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) for the diagnosis of VKH syndrome with AITD and to perform a literature review on the association between the 2 diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman without the history of ocular trauma suffered from chronic headache...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Muhammad Awais, Saqib Qamar, Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Gulnaz Shafqat
PURPOSE: Esophageal perforation has a high mortality rate. Fluoroscopic esophagography (FE) is the procedure of choice for diagnosing esophageal perforation. However, FE can be difficult to perform in seriously ill patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts and scans of all patients who had undergone thoracic CT (TCT) without oral contrast and FE for suspicion of esophageal perforation at our hospital between October, 2010 and December, 2015. Scans were interpreted by a single consultant radiologist having > 5 years of relevant experience...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Badr Al-Jandan, Hesham F Marei, Hatem Abuohashish, Osama Zakaria, Haytham Al-Mahalawy
Targeted chemotherapies are novel therapeutic approaches for many malignancies. In contrast to conventional chemotherapies, which are given for a predetermined duration, treatment with targeted chemotherapies like sunitinib is routinely continuous over longer periods, sometimes years. During this prolonged treatment period, patients may need to restore their missing teeth with dental implants. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the anti-angiogenic substance sunitinib targeted chemotherapy on the osseointegration of titanium implants in a rabbit model...
February 19, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xuefang Ding, Shoichi Suzuki, Momotoshi Shiga, Naoto Ohbayashi, Toru Kurabayashi, Keiji Moriyama
The aims of this study were to reveal the usefulness of a newly developed method for measuring tongue volume (TV) and oral cavity capacity (OCC) and to assess the relationship between them. The tongue was coated with a contrast agent, and the TV and OCC were determined using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). We enrolled 20 adults who were scheduled to undergo CBCT to evaluate the relationship of the third molar roots to the alveolar nerve before molar extraction. Each participant's tongue was coated with a contrast agent, and CBCT of the tongue and oral cavity was performed...
February 21, 2018: Odontology
Ankur Sinha, Ravikaran Patti, Paurush Ambesh, Chukwudi Obiagwu, Namrita Malhan, Kabu Chawla
A 29-year-old female with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) presented with progressive shortness of breath both on rest and on exertion, increased abdominal girth, and swelling in both legs. She was on oral prednisone and was recently started on canakinumab (interleukin-1 antagonist) for joint pain and rash of AOSD. Echocardiogram showed severely dilated right ventricle, dilated pulmonary artery, moderately reduced right ventricular systolic function, but with normal left ventricular systolic function. Computed tomography with contrast ruled out pulmonary embolism...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Inês Pita, Fernando Magro
Treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) is intrinsically reliant on imaging techniques, due to the preponderance of small bowel disease and its transmural pattern of inflammation. Ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the most widely employed imaging methods and have excellent diagnostic accuracy in most instances. Some limitations persist, perhaps the most clinically relevant being the distinction between inflammatory and fibrotic strictures. In this regard, several methodologies have recently been tested in animal models and human patients, namely US strain elastography, shear wave elastography, contrast-enhanced US, magnetization transfer MRI and contrast dynamics in standard MRI...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Rang Wang, Ke Zhou, Qiuping Fan, Haotian Chen, Chengzhong Fan
RATIONALE: Iodine-131 (I-131) is a sensitive marker for the detection of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). I-131 whole-body scintigraphy (WBS) has been used widely in evaluation of DTC patient. However, I-131 WBS exists many false-positive uptake of I-131 because radioiodine uptake can also be seen in healthy tissue or in a variety of benign and malignant non-thyroidal tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 44-year-old woman with a papillary thyroid carcinoma for the purpose of ablation therapy after a total thyroidectomy...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gianfranco Frojo, Kashyap Komarraju Tadisina, Vilaas Shetty, Alexander Y Lin
Infection of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare pediatric condition resulting from the introduction of pathogens into the joint by hematogenous seeding, local extension, or trauma. Early recognition of the typical signs and symptoms including fever, trismus, preauricular swelling, and TMJ region tenderness are critical in order to initiate further evaluation and prevent feared complications of fibrosis, ankylosis, abnormal facial structure, or persistence of symptoms. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography with ancillary laboratory analysis including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count are beneficial in confirming the suspected diagnosis and monitoring response to therapy...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
L M Minordi, C Binda, F Scaldaferri, G Holleran, L Larosa, G Belmonte, A Gasbarrini, C Colosimo, R Manfredi
OBJECTIVE: Primary small intestinal neoplasms are uncommon tumors that are often small and difficult to identify. The aim of this paper is to describe CT technique and features in detecting and characterizing the tumors of the small bowel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper focuses on radiological characteristics of benign and malignant primary neoplasms of the small bowel at CT, with special reference to multidetector-CT techniques, type and modality of administration of contrast agents (by oral route or CT-enterography and by nasojejunal tube or CT-enteroclysis)...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Suneet Mangat, Michael G Kozoriz, Simon Bicknell, Audrey Spielmann
PURPOSE: This retrospective study examined the performance of general radiologists in a community-based hospital in detecting colorectal cancer (CRC) with computed tomography (CT) in the unprepared large bowel. METHODS: The pathology database at a community hospital over the past 7 years (2009-2015) was retrospectively analysed for pathologically proven CRC (924 cases). The provincial hospital information profile for these patients was reviewed to determine if they had an abdominal CT for any reason in the year prior to biopsy...
February 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Sabrina Huq, Sherry Pejka, Dilip R Patel
Renal abscesses are uncommon in otherwise healthy children and adolescents who have no underlying renal structural anomalies. A previously healthy, immunocompetent, 14-year-old male without a history of abdominal trauma or urinary tract infection (UTI) was found to have a renal hematoma that became infected and developed into a renal abscess. He presented with a 2-day history of nausea, vomiting, fever and 1-day history of abdominal pain that radiated to the right flank. Clinical examination, blood work, and initial imaging indicated likely infection; however, findings were normal on urinalysis and urine culture had no growth...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
Ioannis D Kostakis, Zoe Garoufalia, Themistoklis Feretis, Stylianos Kykalos, Dimitrios Mantas
Bouveret's syndrome is a rare cause of proximal gallstone ileus with obstruction of duodenum or gastric outlet. We report a case of an 87-year-old female patient presented with 1 week history of vomiting whose plain radiograms showed ileus and pneumobilia. The abdominal computed tomography confirmed pneumobilia and revealed free air and leakage of oral contrast agent in the hepatic hilum and subhepatic space and an impacted gallstone in the third portion of the duodenum. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, which showed that the duodenal perforation was circumvallated, and a side-to-side retrocolic gastrojejunal anastomosis was performed in order to surpass the impacted gallstone...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Hamza Jawad, Constantine Raptis, Aaron Mintz, Douglas Schuerer, Vincent Mellnick
OBJECTIVE: Many centers advocate use of triple-contrast (IV, oral, and rectal) CT for assessing hemodynamically stable patients with penetrating abdominopelvic trauma. Enteric contrast material has several disadvantages, leading our practice to pursue use of single-contrast (IV) CT. We conducted a retrospective review of electronic medical records at our institution to assess the accuracy of single-contrast CT for diagnosing bowel injuries in cases of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma...
February 7, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Shigeru Ueda, Hirofumi Hasegawa, Dai Kitagawa, Kotaro Shibahara, Masayuki Kitamura
The patient was a 65-year-old man who had been previously diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B, but the patient had discontinued treatment while in his thirties. The patient was admitted to the emergency department after losing consciousness due to abdominal pain. Emergency contrast CT was performed in the shock state, and the diagnosis was hemorrhagic shock due to rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). Emergency TAE was performed, and hemostasis was successful due to left hepatic arterial embolism. The tumor was confined to the liver lateral area and it was judged to be resectable curatively, upon state restoration...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Fangyu Peng, Fang Xie, Otto Muzik
Brain aging is associated with changes of various metabolic pathways. Copper is required for brain development and function, but little is known about changes in copper metabolism during brain aging. The objective of this study was to investigate alteration of copper fluxes in the aging mouse brain with positron emission tomography/computed tomography using 64CuCl2 as a radiotracer (64CuCl2-PET/CT). A longitudinal study was conducted in C57BL/6 mice (n = 5) to measure age-dependent brain and whole-body changes of 64Cu radioactivity using PET/CT after oral administration of 64CuCl2 as a radiotracer...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
Michihiro Koizumi, Takeshi Yamada, Seiichi Shinji, Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Goro Takahashi, Masahiro Hotta, Takuma Iwai, Keisuke Hara, Kohki Takeda, Hayato Kan, Hideaki Takasaki, Keiichiro Ohta, Eiji Uchida
Primary small intestinal volvulus is defined as torsion in the absence of congenital malrotation, band, or postoperative adhesions. Its occurrence as an early postoperative complication is rare. A 40-year-old woman presented with rectal prolapse, and laparoscopic rectopexy was uneventfully performed. She could not have food on the day after surgery. She started oral intake on postoperative day 3 but developed abdominal pain after the meal. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed torsion of the small intestinal mesentery...
February 1, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Kaimin Zhang, Xijian Du, Kaihu Yu, Kaiyu Zhang, Yicheng Zhou
Gastric cancer is one of the most common human tumors worldwide. The biggest bottleneck is a lack of advanced and sensitive protocols for the diagnosis of patients with early-stage gastric cancer. Therefore, more sensitive methods of diagnosing gastric cancer are urgently required to improve survival rates. In this clinical study, contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) with targeting nanoparticles contrast agent (CECT-TNCA) was used to diagnose early-stage gastric cancer. The specific-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors of gastric cancer, including platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β, Ret and Kit, were used as TNCAs...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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