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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#1
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110511/first-examination-of-varying-health-outcomes-of-the-chronically-homeless-according-to-housing-first-configuration
#2
Elizabeth Whittaker, Timothy Dobbins, Wendy Swift, Paul Flatau, Lucinda Burns
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether two Housing First configurations (scattered site [SS] versus congregated site [CS]) are associated with different health-related outcomes. METHODS: This ecological study employed a longitudinal, quantitative design to compare the outcomes from 63 individuals (SS: n=37; CS: n=26) in Sydney, Australia, over 12 months. RESULTS: Both configurations showed similar improvements in quality of life and psychological distress...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110510/access-equity-and-costs-of-induced-abortion-services-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mridula Shankar, Kirsten I Black, Philip Goldstone, Safeera Hussainy, Danielle Mazza, Kerry Petersen, Jayne Lucke, Angela Taft
OBJECTIVES: To examine access and equity to induced abortion services in Australia, including factors associated with presenting beyond nine weeks gestation. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 2,326 women aged 16+ years attending for an abortion at 14 Dr Marie clinics. Associations with later presentation assessed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Over a third of eligible women opted for a medical abortion. More than one in 10 (11...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#4
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110391/social-media-for-patients-benefits-and-drawbacks
#5
REVIEW
Ivan De Martino, Rocco D'Apolito, Alexander S McLawhorn, Keith A Fehring, Peter K Sculco, Giorgio Gasparini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Social media is increasingly utilized by patients to educate themselves on a disease process and to find hospital, physicians, and physician networks most capable of treating their condition. However, little is known about quality of the content of the multiple online platforms patients have to communicate with other potential patients and their potential benefits and drawbacks. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients are not passive consumers of health information anymore but are playing an active role in the delivery of health services through an online environment...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110379/-they-are-talking-about-me-but-not-with-me-a-focus-group-study-to-explore-the-patient-perspective-on-interprofessional-team-meetings-in-primary-care
#6
Jerôme Jean Jacques van Dongen, Maarten de Wit, Hester Wilhelmina Henrica Smeets, Esther Stoffers, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven, Ramon Daniëls
BACKGROUND: The number of people with multiple chronic conditions receiving primary care services is growing. To deal with their increasingly complex health care demands, professionals from different disciplines need to collaborate. Interprofessional team (IPT) meetings are becoming more popular. Several studies describe important factors related to conducting IPT meetings, mostly from a professional perspective. However, in the light of patient-centeredness, it is valuable to also explore the patients' perspective...
January 21, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110357/the-potential-role-of-tree-diversity-in-reducing-shallow-landslide-risk
#7
Yuta Kobayashi, Akira S Mori
Recently, interest in utilizing ecosystems for disaster risk reduction has increased, even though there remains considerable uncertainty regarding the role of ecosystems in buffering against natural hazards. This ecosystem role can be considered an ecosystem service. Although a strong body of evidence shows that biodiversity enhances ecosystem services, there are only a few studies of the relationship between biodiversity and the role of the ecosystem in reducing the risk of natural disasters. To explore the desired state of an ecosystem for disaster risk reduction we applied the finding that biodiversity enhances ecosystem services to evaluate the role of woody vegetation in reducing the frequency and severity of shallow landslides...
January 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110319/perioperative-remote-acute-lung-injury-recent-update
#8
Jin Zhaosheng, Suen Ka Chun, Ma Daqing
Perioperative acute lung injury (ALI) is a syndrome characterised by hypoxia and chest radiograph changes. It is a serious post-operative complication, associated with considerable mortality and morbidity. In addition to mechanical ventilation, remote organ insult could also trigger systemic responses which induce ALI. Currently, there are limited treatment options available beyond conservative respiratory support. However, increasing understanding of the pathophysiology of ALI and the biochemical pathways involved will aid the development of novel treatments and help to improve patient outcome as well as to reduce cost to the health service...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110265/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-disparate-policies-on-child-health-experimental-evidence-from-the-philippines
#9
John W Peabody, Stella Quimbo, Jhiedon Florentino, Riti Shimkhada, Xylee Javier, David Paculdo, Dean Jamison, Orville Solon
BACKGROUND  : Should health systems invest more in access to care by expanding insurance coverage or in health care services including improving the quality of care? Comparing these options experimentally would shed light on the impact and cost-effectiveness of these strategies. METHODS  : The Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) was a randomized policy experiment conducted across 30 districts in the Philippines. The study had a control group and two policy intervention groups intended to improve the health of young children...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110205/a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-interventions-designed-to-decrease-child-abuse-in-high-risk-families
#10
Elizabeth J Levey, Bizu Gelaye, Paul Bain, Marta B Rondon, Christina P C Borba, David C Henderson, Michelle A Williams
Child abuse is a global problem, and parents with histories of childhood abuse are at increased risk of abusing their offspring. The objective of this systematic review is to provide a clear overview of the existing literature of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to prevent child abuse. PubMed, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, and CINAHL were systematically searched and expanded by hand search. This review includes all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions designed to prevent abuse among mothers identified as high-risk...
January 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110182/a-large-taper-mismatch-is-one-of-the-key-factors-behind-high-wear-rates-and-failure-at-the-taper-junction-of-total-hip-replacements-a-finite-element-wear-analysis
#11
Ariyan Ashkanfar, David J Langton, Thomas J Joyce
Total hip replacement (THR) is one of the most successful orthopaedic surgeries; however, failures can occur due to adverse reactions to wear debris. Recently, a large number of failures linked to the release of metal particles from the taper junction between femoral head and femoral stem have been reported. One possible reason for this may be design variations such as taper mismatches associated with the taper and trunnion angles. Could a large taper mismatch lead to inappropriate contact mechanics and increase relative micromotion and thus wear? In this study, 3D finite element (FE) models of a commercial THR from a perfectly matched interface to large taper mismatches and a wear algorithm were used to investigate the extent of wear that could occur at this junction and identify the optimum tolerances in order to reduce the wear...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109995/impact-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-duration-on-neurologically-favourable-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-population-based-study-in-japan
#12
Tasuku Matsuyama, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Kosuke Kiyohara, Chika Nishiyama, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Yasuyuki Hayashi, Takashi Kawamura, Bon Ohta, Taku Iwami
BACKGROUND: The optimal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) duration for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between CPR duration and outcome after OHCA. METHODS: This prospective, population-based observational study conducted in Osaka, Japan enrolled 6,981 adult patients with non-traumatic witnessed OHCA who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) from January 2005 through December 2012...
January 18, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109763/healthier-children-s-meals-in-restaurants-an%C3%A2-exploratory-study-to-inform-approaches-that%C3%A2-are-acceptable-across-stakeholders
#13
Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Anita Jones-Mueller, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Lisa L Tse, Nanette V Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Assess parents', children's, and restaurant executives' perspectives on children's meals in restaurants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Parents and children completed predominantly quantitative surveys at 4 quick- and full-service restaurant locations. Telephone interviews were conducted with executives representing additional restaurants. PARTICIPANTS: Parents (n = 59) and their first- through fourth-grade children (n = 58); executives (n = 4)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109741/eight-unexpected-cases-of-vancomycin-associated-acute-kidney-injury-with-contemporary-dosing
#14
J Nicholas O'Donnell, Cybele Ghossein, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Jessica Peng, Tina Lertharakul, C Kim Pham, Marc H Scheetz
Vancomycin is one of the most commonly utilized antibiotics in US hospitals. It remains the drug of choice for the treatment of serious infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. For many of these deep-seated infections, guidelines recommend achieving troughs of 15-20 mg/L for treatment efficacy. At our institution we observed a number of cases of presumed vancomycin-induced acute tubular necrosis clinically diagnosed by the nephrology service. We report eight cases of presumed vancomycin-induced acute tubular necrosis, three of which required hemodialysis before resolution of nephrotoxicity...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109653/an-examination-of-outlaw-motorcycle-gangs-and-their-involvement-in-the-illicit-drug-market-and-the-effectiveness-of-anti-association-legislative-responses
#15
Terry Goldsworthy, Laura McGillivray
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Queensland Government introduced criminal association and mandatory sentencing laws for members of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs). Forms of "criminal association" or "anti-bikie" laws have been introduced in several Australian jurisdictions, and recent High Court decisions upholding their constitutionality will ensure that they remain part of our justice landscape. Generally, the aims of these laws are to declare a specific organisation as "criminal" and impose various legal orders and offences that thwart the consorting of members and address organised crime, such as unexplained wealth regimes...
January 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109642/non-routine-discharge-from-military-service-mental-illness-substance-use-disorders-and-suicidality
#16
Emily Brignone, Jamison D Fargo, Rebecca K Blais, Marjorie E Carter, Matthew H Samore, Adi V Gundlapalli
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness and substance use disorders among newly returned military service members pose challenges to successful reintegration into civilian life and, in extreme cases, may lead to outcomes such as incarceration, homelessness, and suicide. One potential early indicator for these difficulties is non-routine discharge from military service. METHODS: Using data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) for 443,360 active duty service Veterans who deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq and subsequently utilized VHA services between Fiscal Years 2004 and 2013, this study examined risk for receiving a VHA-documented diagnosis of mental illness, substance use disorders, and suicidality as a function of discharge type, controlling for demographic and military service covariates...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109628/preoperative-bathing-of-the-surgical-site-with-chlorhexidine-for-infection-prevention-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
Lúcia Maciel de Castro Franco, Gláucia Fernandes Cota, Tatiana Saraiva Pinto, Flávia Falci Ercole
BACKGROUND: Preoperative bathing with 4% chlorhexidine is recommended as a measure to prevent surgical site infection (SSI) despite uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of the intervention. This review aimed to assess the effect of bathing with 4% chlorhexidine on the prevention of SSIs in clean surgeries compared with bathing with placebo solution or soap. METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines for systematic reviews and the Cochrane manual were followed...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109604/genome-wide-mapping-of-10-calving-and-fertility-traits-in-holstein-dairy-cattle-with-special-regard-to-chromosome-18
#18
M-P Müller, S Rothammer, D Seichter, I Russ, D Hinrichs, J Tetens, G Thaller, I Medugorac
Over the last decades, a dramatic decrease in reproductive performance has been observed in Holstein cattle and fertility problems have become the most common reason for a cow to leave the herd. The premature removal of animals with high breeding values results in both economic and breeding losses. For efficient future Holstein breeding, the identification of loci associated with low fertility is of major interest and thus constitutes the aim of this study. To reach this aim, a genome-wide combined linkage disequilibrium and linkage analysis (cLDLA) was conducted using data on the following 10 calving and fertility traits in the form of estimated breeding values: days from first service to conception of heifers and cows, nonreturn rate on d 56 of heifers and cows, days from calving to first insemination, days open, paternal and maternal calving ease, paternal and maternal stillbirth...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109469/associations-between-neighbourhood-support-and-financial-burden-with-unmet-needs-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#19
Katie M O'Brien, Aileen Timmons, Phyllis Butow, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Eleanor O'Sullivan, Myles Balfe, Linda Sharp
PURPOSE: To assess the unmet needs of head and neck cancer survivors and investigate associated factors. In particular, to explore whether social support (family/friends and neighbours) and financial burden are associated with unmet needs of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of HNC survivors, with 583 respondents included in the analysis. Information was collected on unmet supportive care needs as measured by the Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34)...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109409/ecco-essential-requirements-for-quality-cancer-care-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-adults-and-bone-sarcoma-a-critical-review
#20
REVIEW
Elisabeth Andritsch, Marc Beishon, Stefan Bielack, Sylvie Bonvalot, Paolo Casali, Mirjam Crul, Roberto Delgado- Bolton, Davide Maria Donati, Hassan Douis, Rick Haas, Pancras Hogendoorn, Olga Kozhaeva, Verna Lavender, Jozsef Lovey, Anastassia Negrouk, Philippe Pereira, Pierre Roca, Godelieve Rochette de Lempdes, Tiina Saarto, Bert van Berck, Gilles Vassal, Markus Wartenberg, Wendy Yared, Alberto Costa, Peter Naredi
BACKGROUND: ECCO essential requirements for quality cancer care (ERQCC) are checklists and explanations of organisation and actions that are necessary to give high-quality care to patients who have a specific tumour type. They are written by European experts representing all disciplines involved in cancer care. ERQCC papers give oncology teams, patients, policymakers and managers an overview of the elements needed in any healthcare system to provide high quality of care throughout the patient journey...
February 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
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