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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933493/the-impact-of-aphasia-camp-participation-on-quality-of-life-a-primary-progressive-aphasia-perspective
#1
Esther S Kim, Mathieu Figeys, H Isabel Hubbard, Carlee Wilson
Individuals with primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and their caregivers are at risk for decreased quality of life (QoL) due to their progressive condition. Aphasia camps are an intervention that can improve QoL, yet individuals with PPA are underrepresented at aphasia camps relative to those with poststroke aphasia. The purpose of this exploratory case study was to examine the effect of participation in aphasia camp on the QoL of a couple impacted by PPA. The Living with Aphasia: Framework for Outcome Measurement (A-FROM) was used to guide a semistructured interview with an individual with PPA and her spouse, both of whom had attended the Alberta Aphasia Camp for 4 years...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933492/group-communication-treatment-for-individuals-with-ppa-and-their-partners
#2
Aimee Mooney, Naomi Beale, Melanie Fried-Oken
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by insidious language deterioration. This young-onset disorder leaves adults with reduced communication skills for participation in social activities. There is limited evidence regarding group treatment for individuals with PPA, though the principles of chronic aphasia groups can be applied to this clinical population. We developed a PPA group treatment model incorporating compensatory strategies from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), communication partner training from aphasia rehabilitation, and systematic instruction from dementia management...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933489/person-centered-skilled-services-using-a-montessori-approach-for-persons-with-dementia
#3
Natalie Douglas, Jennifer Brush, Michelle Bourgeois
The current mandate for person-centered care throughout the health care system, and especially in the nursing home industry, requires that speech-language pathologists ensure that the services they provide to elders with dementia are skilled, person centered, and relevant to positive overall health outcomes. Guidelines developed by the Association Montessori International Advisory Board for Montessori for Aging and Dementia are one avenue toward such skilled and person-centered services. The purpose of this article is to provide clinicians with practical strategies for guiding their assessment, goal writing, and intervention plans to meet the expectations of a person-centered approach to services for elders with dementia, using the Montessori approach as a philosophical guide...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933465/-victims-of-acts-of-violence-during-the-procedure-of-the-victim-reparation-law-characteristics-of-the-affected-acts-perpetrators-and-predictors-for-the-period-until-claim-of-help-provided-by-law
#4
Stefanie Franke, Christine Kalweit, Annelene Frey, Hanna Heddergott, Astrid-Christine Mitschke, Matthias Wehrmeyer, Nina Heinrichs, Christoph Kröger
AIM OF THE STUDY: Coping with psychological trauma plays a central role in victims of acts of violence. The Victim Reparation Law (in German: Opferentschädigungsgesetz, OEG) provides services for the reparation of participation. To further improve the care of the affected persons, the characteristics of the victims were determined in relation to the acts and the perpetrators. METHOD: 312 OEG-files of adult victims were sighted. On the basis of a system of categories, demographic data, trauma specific and health-related characteristics of the victims, relevant characteristics of the perpetrators and the violence, as well as predictors for the time difference between the violent act and the application were determined...
June 22, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933446/addressing-patients-veteran-status-primary-care-providers-knowledge-comfort-and-educational-needs
#5
Bonnie M Vest, Jessica Kulak, Victoria M Hall, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The military population is frequently overlooked in civilian primary care due to an assumption that they are treated at the Veterans Health Administration (VA). However, less than 50% of eligible veterans receive VA treatment. Primary care providers (PCPs) may need support in addressing veterans' needs. This regional pilot study explored the current state of practice among primary care providers as it pertains to assessing patients' veteran status and their knowledge of and comfort with treating common conditions in this population...
June 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933444/black-clouds-vs-random-variation-in-hospital-admissions
#6
Luei Wern Ong, Jeffrey D Dawson, John W Ely
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physicians often accuse their peers of being "black clouds" if they repeatedly have more than the average number of hospital admissions while on call. Our purpose was to determine whether the black-cloud phenomenon is real or explainable by random variation. METHODS: We analyzed hospital admissions to the University of Iowa family medicine service from July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2015. Analyses were stratified by peer group (eg, night shift attending physicians, day shift senior residents)...
June 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933429/effect-of-currency-exchange-rate-fluctuations-on-aid-effectiveness-in-the-health-sector-in-zambia
#7
Collins Chansa, Jesper Sundewall, Numi Östlund
Development assistance for health (DAH) remains a significant and important source of health financing in many low and lower middle-income countries. However, this assistance has not been fully effective. This study explores the effect of currency exchange rate fluctuations on volatility of DAH in Zambia using a mixed methods approach. Data covering the period 1997-2008 were collected from various financial and programmatic reports, while six key informant interviews were conducted to validate and translate findings from the quantitative analysis...
June 22, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933422/predictors-of-burnout-syndrome-in-intensive-care-nurses
#8
Eduardo Motta de Vasconcelos, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence and analyse the existence of predictors of burnout syndrome in intensive care nurses. METHODS: The quantitative, descriptive, cross sectional study with 91 intensive care nurses. Two instruments were used to collect data in July 2014: a sociodemographic form and the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. Pearson's Chi-Square test or Fisher's exact test were applied to verify the association between the occurrence of burnout and the categorical variables...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933417/applicability-of-the-adapted-moral-distress-scale-in-the-context-of-nursing-in-hemato-oncology-services
#9
Isolina Maria Alberto Fruet, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Rosangela Marion da Silva, Rafaela Andolhe
OBJECTIVE: To verify the applicability of the adapted Moral Distress Scale in the nursing setting of the hemato-oncology sector of a university hospital. METHOD: Cross-sectional study conducted with 46 nursing workers of a university hospital in the southern region of Brazil with data collected between December 2014 and March 2015 by means of the adapted Moral Distress Scale. Factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933402/forecasting-demand-for-maternal-influenza-immunization-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#10
Frédéric Debellut, Nathaniel Hendrix, Justin R Ortiz, Philipp Lambach, Kathleen M Neuzil, Niranjan Bhat, Clint Pecenka
Immunization of pregnant women against seasonal influenza remains limited in low- and lower-middle-income countries despite being recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO/PATH Maternal Influenza Immunization Project was created to identify and address obstacles to delivering influenza vaccines to pregnant women in low resource setting. To gain a better understanding of potential demand from this target group, we developed a model simulating pregnant women populations eligible for vaccination during antenatal care (ANC) services in all low- and lower-middle-income countries...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933395/influence-of-the-time-interval-from-diagnosis-to-treatment-on-survival-for-early-stage-liver-cancer
#11
Wen-Chen Tsai, Pei-Tseng Kung, Yueh-Hsin Wang, Wei-Yin Kuo, Ya-Hsin Li
OBJECTIVES: Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer in men and the ninth most common cancer in women, and the WHO expects that there will be 1,341,344 cases in 2034 worldwide. Liver cancer also has the second-highest cancer death rate, accounting for 7% of all cancers. The study is going to explore the relationship between time interval from diagnosis to treatment and survival status of early-stage liver cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using the national database from Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933365/traditions-of-research-in-community-mental-health-care-planning-and-care-coordination-a-systematic-meta-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#12
Aled Jones, Ben Hannigan, Michael Coffey, Alan Simpson
CONTEXT: In response to political and social factors over the last sixty years mental health systems internationally have endeavoured to transfer the delivery of care from hospitals into community settings. As a result, there has been increased emphasis on the need for better quality care planning and care coordination between hospital services, community services and patients and their informal carers. The aim of this systematic review of international research is to explore which interventions have proved more or less effective in promoting personalized, recovery oriented care planning and coordination for community mental health service users...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933310/from-challenges-to-resources-a-qualitative-study-of-cancer-coordinators-experiences-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-enacting-their-system-focused-tasks
#13
Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Per Koren Solvang, May Aasebø Hauken
BACKGROUND: Cancer coordinators (CCs) operate at both patient and system levels in order to provide patients with tailored and coordinated services. In common with international CCs, Norwegian CCs denote notable progress in their patient-focused work, while reporting ongoing challenges in carrying out system-focused tasks. However, little is known about the barriers and facilitators for CCs' system-level work. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore Norwegian CCs' experiences of barriers and facilitators for enacting system-focused tasks...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933306/managing-cancer-experiences-an-interpretive-description-study-of-internet-information-use
#14
Kristen R Haase, Wendy Gifford, Lorraine Holtslander, Roanne Thomas
BACKGROUND: People with cancer increasingly use the Internet to find information about their illness. However, little is known regarding people's use of cancer-related Internet information (CRII) to manage their patient experience, defined as patients' cumulative perceptions of interactions with the healthcare system during their illness. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to create an understanding of CRII use by people newly diagnosed with cancer and how it shapes their patient experience and informs their interactions with healthcare professionals and healthcare services...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933252/preprocedural-checklist-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-process-improvement-plan-to-enhance-reimbursement
#15
Susan Hartl, Andi N Rice, Dhanesh K Gupta, Victoria Goode
Thorough documentation is essential for hospital reimbursement from payors such as the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Inconsistencies and incomplete documentation can occur if workflow is not standardized especially in cases with interdisciplinary involvement. Documentation for patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with anesthesia services was examined and revealed an opportunity for improvement to avoid financial losses. A preprocedure checklist to improve documentation and standardize workflow was implemented...
June 22, 2018: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933209/a-qualitative-examination-and-theoretical-model-of-anxiety-in-adults-with-epilepsy
#16
Amelia J Scott, Louise Sharpe, Zoe Thayer, Laurie A Miller, Toh Wong, Kaitlyn Parratt, Armin Nikpour
OBJECTIVE: There is an elevated prevalence of anxiety disorders among people with epilepsy, and the comorbidity of anxiety in epilepsy is associated with adverse medical and psychosocial outcomes. Despite its importance, little is known about what psychosocial or epilepsy factors may be associated with the development of anxiety. The aim of this qualitative study was to determine what factors may explain why some people with epilepsy develop anxiety disorders and others do not. METHODS: Adults with epilepsy were recruited from an outpatient epilepsy service...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933198/the-influence-of-social-relationships-and-school-engagement-on-academic-achievement-in-maltreated-adolescents
#17
Mary A Hershberger, Martin H Jones
Adolescents who have experienced maltreatment face many developmental and educational challenges compared with their non-maltreated peers. Research demonstrates the importance of social relationships in academic achievement among non-maltreated youth, and suggests the influence of parent and peer relationships for academic success in maltreated youth as well, including the potential benefit of school engagement. Data for the study comes from the first wave of the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II), a nationally-representative sample of children involved in Child Protective Services in the United States...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933147/i-care-randomized-clinical-trial-integrating-depression-and-acute-coronary-syndrome-care-in-low-resource-hospitals-in-china-design-and-rationale
#18
Shenshen Li, James A Blumenthal, Chuan Shi, Danielle Millican, Xian Li, Xin Du, Anushka Patel, Pei Gao, Elizabeth Delong, Pallab K Maulik, Runlin Gao, Xin Yu, Yangfeng Wu
Depression and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are both common public health challenges. Patients with ACS often develop depression, which in turn adversely affects prognosis. Low-cost, sustainable, and effective service models that integrate depression care into the management of ACS patients to reduce depression and improve ACS outcomes are critically needed. Integrating Depression Care in ACS patients in Low Resource Hospitals in China (I-CARE) is a multicenter, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of an 11-month integrated care (IC) intervention compared to usual care (UC) in management of ACS patients...
May 21, 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933143/the-seaweed-fly-coelopidae-can-facilitate-environmental-survival-and-transmission-of-e-coli-o157-at-sandy-beaches
#19
Isobel Swinscoe, David M Oliver, Andre S Gilburn, Richard S Quilliam
The sustainable management of recreational beaches is essential for minimising risk of human exposure to microbial pathogens whilst simultaneously maintaining valuable ecosystem services. Decaying seaweed on public beaches is gaining recognition as a substrate for microbial contamination, and is a potentially significant reservoir for human pathogens in close proximity to beach users. Closely associated with beds of decaying seaweed are dense populations of the seaweed fly (Coelopidae), which could influence the spatio-temporal fate of seaweed-associated human pathogens within beach environments...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932933/evaluation-of-onchocerciasis-control-in-the-upper-denkyira-east-municipal-in-the-forest-area-of-ghana-responses-of-participants-and-distributors-to-the-cdti-programme
#20
Abigail Naana Osei Agyemang, Kingsley Badu, Sandra Baffour-Awuah, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Rolf Garms, Thomas Florian Kruppa
The African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC), which focused on annual mass treatment with ivermectin, was launched in 1995 and was replaced by the Expanded Special Project for Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN) by the end of 2015. In Ghana, the Community Directed Treatment with Ivermectin (CDTI) was introduced in 1999. After a decade, biannual reinforcement was introduced during which the Ghana Health Service (GHS) recorded coverage rates through routine data collection. Transmission studies conducted in the Upper Denkyira East Municipal (UDEM) of the forest zone of Ghana in 2002 and 2006 had shown that annual treatments with ivermectin had hardly any effect on the transmission of Onchocerca volvulus by the vector Simulium sanctipauli...
June 19, 2018: Acta Tropica
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