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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692052/-clonal-diversity-and-genetic-structure-of-enhalus-acoroides-populations-along-hainan-island-china
#1
Kai Jiang, Hui Gao, Xiao Yong Chen
Seagrasses are monocotyledons that grow in intertidal and subtidal zones. Seagrass beds are among ecosystems with the highest ecosystem service value. However, seagrass beds are rapidly decline due to anthropogenic disturbances and global climate change. Enhalus acoroides, a monoecious perennial species, is the largest seagrass in stature. It distributes in tropical regions, with Hainan Island as its northern limits. Clonal diversity and genetic structure of E. acoroides populations in Hainan Island were studied to facilitate its conservation and restoration...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692045/-the-latest-progress-in-ecosystem-service-flow-research-methods
#2
Jing Yao, Xing Yuan He, Wei Chen
Ecosystem service flow is the key point and difficulty of ecosystem services research, which is now at the initial stage and show a developing trend of quantity and spatialization. However, the term "ecosystem service flow" is ambiguous. In this paper, we presented two descriptions about the term, and two corresponding theories and methods: the transmission of a service from ecosystems to people and distributed ecosystem model, and the flow of benefits accruing to people as generated by stocks of ecosystem structure and grey/black box theory...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691974/aboriginal-experiences-of-cancer-and-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-narratives
#3
Rachel Reilly, Jasmine Micklem, Paul Yerrell, David Banham, Kim Morey, Janet Stajic, Marion Eckert, Monica Lawrence, Harold B Stewart, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people with cancer experience worse outcomes than other Australians for a range of complex and interrelated reasons. A younger age at diagnosis, higher likelihood of more advanced cancer or cancer type with poorer prognosis, geographic isolation and cultural and language diversity mean that patient pathways are potentially more complex for Aboriginal people with cancer. In addition, variation in the quality and acceptability of care may influence cancer outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691969/obesity-and-the-food-system-transformation-in-latin-america
#4
REVIEW
B M Popkin, T Reardon
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region faces a major diet-related health problem accompanied by enormous economic and social costs. The shifts in diet are profound: major shifts in intake of less-healthful low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, changes in away-from-home eating and snacking and rapid shifts towards very high levels of overweight and obesity among all ages along with, in some countries, high burdens of stunting. Diet changes have occurred in parallel to, and in two-way causality with, changes in the broad food system - the set of supply chains from farms, through midstream segments of processing, wholesale and logistics, to downstream segments of retail and food service (restaurants and fast food chains)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691955/pharmacist-led-discharge-medication-counselling-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Aline F Bonetti, Wálleri C Reis, Natália Fracaro Lombardi, Antonio M Mendes, Harli Pasquini Netto, Inajara Rotta, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Roberto Pontarolo
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Discharge medication counselling has produced improved quality of care and health outcomes, especially by reducing medication errors and readmission rates, and improving medication adherence. However, no studies have assembled an evidence-based discharge counselling process for clinical pharmacists. Thus, the present study aims to map the components of the pharmacist-led discharge medication counselling process. METHODS: We performed a scoping review by searching electronic databases (Pubmed, Scopus, and DOAJ) and conducting a manual search to identify studies published up to July 2017...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691938/hla-drb1-15-03-and-hla-drb1-11-useful-predictive-alleles-for-alloantibody-production-in-thalassemia-patients
#6
P Darvishi, Z Sharifi, A Azarkeivan, A Akbari, A A Pourfathollah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, thalassemia has been introduced as a chronic disease. In spite of prolonging life in thalassemia patients, the quality of their life has not significantly improved. One of the challenges that makes their quality of life poor is alloimmunisation which causes several complications to patients by restricting their options. Some individuals are more susceptible to developing an alloantibody than others. They are categorised as responders and non-responders...
April 25, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691840/cost-effectiveness-of-population-based-vascular-disease-screening-and-intervention-in-men-from-the-viborg-vascular-viva-trial
#7
R Søgaard, J S Lindholt
BACKGROUND: Population-based screening and intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm, peripheral artery disease and hypertension was recently reported to reduce the relative risk of mortality among Danish men by 7 per cent. The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of vascular screening versus usual care (ad hoc primary care-based risk assessment) from a national health service perspective. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness evaluation was conducted alongside an RCT involving all men from a region in Denmark (50 156) who were allocated to screening (25 078) or no screening (25 078) and followed for up to 5 years...
April 25, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691746/fixed-bed-operation-for-manganese-removal-from-water-using-chitosan-bentonite-mno-composite-beads
#8
Anthony M Muliwa, Taile Y Leswifi, Arjun Maity, Aoyi Ochieng, Maurice S Onyango
In the present study, a new composite adsorbent, chitosan/bentonite/manganese oxide (CBMnO) beads, cross-linked with tetraethyl-ortho-silicate (TEOS) was applied in a fixed-bed column for the removal of Mn (II) from water. The adsorbent was characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR), N2 adsorption-desorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques, and moreover the point of zero charge (pHpzc ) was determined. The extend of Mn (II) breakthrough behaviour was investigated by varying bed mass, flow rate and influent concentration, and by using real environmental water samples...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691723/beyond-participation-politics-incommensurability-and-the-emergence-of-mental-health-service-users-activism-in-chile
#9
Cristian R Montenegro
Although the organisation of mental health service users and ex-users in Latin America is a recent and under-researched phenomenon, global calls for their involvement in policy have penetrated national agendas, shaping definitions and expectations about their role in mental health systems. In this context, how such groups react to these expectations and define their own goals, strategies and partnerships can reveal the specificity of the "user movement" in Chile and Latin America. This study draws on Jacques Rancière's theorisation of "police order" and "politics" to understand the emergence of users' collective identity and activism, highlighting the role of practices of disengagement and rejection...
April 24, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691681/the-impact-of-the-ryan-white-hiv-aids-medical-case-management-program-on-hiv-clinical-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Julia D López, Enbal Shacham, Tawnya Brown
Medical case management (MCM) is a core medical service in The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program and aims to provide treatment and care for people living with HIV/AIDS by engaging, identifying and eliminating barriers to HIV care. Little research has examined the impact of this intervention; therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the how MCM affects HIV clinical outcomes. The study took place at a midwestern, outpatient infectious diseases clinic. This study utilized a longitudinal, retrospective study design to analyze to the impact of MCM engagement on HIV clinical outcomes (viral loads, CD4 counts) from 2009 to 2015 as a time-varying predictor...
April 24, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691364/primary-care-colorectal-cancer-screening-correlates-with-breast-cancer-screening-implications-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-improvement-interventions
#11
Jennifer M Weiss, Nancy Pandhi, Sally Kraft, Aaron Potvien, Pascale Carayon, Maureen A Smith
OBJECTIVE: National colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have plateaued. To optimize interventions targeting those unscreened, a better understanding is needed of how this preventive service fits in with multiple preventive and chronic care needs managed by primary care providers (PCPs). This study examines whether PCP practices of other preventive and chronic care needs correlate with CRC screening. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 90 PCPs and 33,137 CRC screening-eligible patients...
April 25, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691265/effects-of-a-pharmacist-driven-intervention-program-on-hospital-readmissions
#12
Mariel T Shull, Leonard E Braitman, Shana D Stites, Angelo DeLuca, Deborah Hauser
PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine whether routine use of a multifaceted medication-focused intervention at a safety-net hospital was feasible and could reduce hospital readmissions in a Medicare fee-for-service population are reported. METHODS: A quality-improvement cohort study of 1,059 admissions of 667 patients at an inner-city hospital was conducted. Patients in the intervention groups received some or all components of the multifaceted "Medication REACH" intervention, with direct pharmacist involvement from admission through postdischarge aftercare...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691248/understanding-influences-on-the-uptake-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-the-east-of-england-an-inclusive-design-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#13
Yuanyuan Liu, Terry Dickerson, Frances Early, Jonathan Fuld, P John Clarkson
INTRODUCTION: 1.2 million people in the UK have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that causes breathlessness, difficulty with daily activities, infections and hospitalisation. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), a programme of supervised exercise and education, is recommended for patients with COPD. However, only 1 in 10 of those who need it receive PR. Also, the UK National COPD Audit Programme concluded that the COPD treatment might not be accessible to people with disabilities...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691244/cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-pregnancy-among-women-living-in-hiv-discordant-relationships-in-a-rural-rakai-cohort-uganda
#14
Lydia Jacenta Nakiganda, Anette Agardh, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the prevalence of pregnancy in serodiscordant couples and identifies predictors associated with pregnancy in rural Rakai, Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study that used data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the RCCS survey round 17 (2015-2016), which included 488 women in serodiscordant relationships. This study was conducted in Rakai district, located in south-western Uganda...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691243/role-and-prevalence-of-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycaemia-in-ambulance-service-attendances-to-people-who-have-had-a-severe-hypoglycaemic-emergency-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Edward A S Duncan, David Fitzpatrick, Theresa Ikegwuonu, Josie Evans, Margaret Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the experiences of people who are affected by diabetes-related hypoglycaemia and either do or do not require an emergency attendance and (2) to measure the prevalence of impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia in patients who are attended by an ambulance service due to a severe hypoglycaemic event. DESIGN: A sequential mixed-methods study. SETTING: A qualitative interview study was undertaken with 31 people with diabetes (types 1 and 2) resident in the central belt of Scotland...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691242/-to-be-a-woman-is-to-make-a-plan-a-qualitative-study-exploring-mothers-experiences-of-the-child-support-grant-in-supporting-children-s-diets-and-nutrition-in-south-africa
#16
Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Rebecca Surender, David Sanders, Rina Swart, Vundli Ramokolo, Gemma Wright, Tanya Doherty
Food security and good nutrition are key determinants of child well-being. There is strong evidence that cash transfers such as South Africa's Child Support Grant (CSG) have the potential to help address some of the underlying drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition by providing income to caregivers in poor households, but it is unclear how precisely they work to affect child well-being and nutrition. We present results from a qualitative study conducted to explore the role of the CSG in food security and child well-being in poor households in an urban and a rural setting in South Africa...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691215/perceived-drivers-and-barriers-to-the-adoption-of-emental-health-by-psychologists-the-construction-of-the-levels-of-adoption-of-emental-health-model
#17
Milou A Feijt, Yvonne Aw de Kort, Inge Mb Bongers, Wijnand A IJsselsteijn
BACKGROUND: The internet offers major opportunities in supporting mental health care, and a variety of technology-mediated mental and behavioral health services have been developed. Yet, despite growing evidence for the effectiveness of these services, their acceptance and use in clinical practice remains low. So far, the current literature still lacks a structured insight into the experienced drivers and barriers to the adoption of electronic mental health (eMental health) from the perspective of clinical psychologists...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691214/mobile-health-initiatives-in-vietnam-scoping-study
#18
Jeffrey A Lam, Linh Thuy Dang, Ngoc Tran Phan, Hue Thi Trinh, Nguyen Cong Vu, Cuong Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) offers a promising solution to the multitude of challenges the Vietnamese health system faces, but there is a scarcity of published information on mHealth in Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this scoping study were (1) to summarize the extent, range, and nature of mHealth initiatives in Vietnam and (2) to examine the opportunities and threats of mHealth utilization in the Vietnamese context. METHODS: This scoping study systematically identified and extracted relevant information from 20 past and current mHealth initiatives in Vietnam...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691209/experiences-of-general-practitioners-and-practice-support-staff-using-a-health-and-lifestyle-screening-app-in-primary-health-care-implementation-case-study
#19
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Technology-based screening of young people for mental health disorders and health compromising behaviors in general practice increases the disclosure of sensitive health issues and improves patient-centered care. However, few studies investigate how general practitioners (GPs) and practice support staff (receptionists and practice managers) integrate screening technology into their routine work, including the problems that arise and how the staff surmount them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the implementation of a health and lifestyle screening app, Check Up GP, for young people aged 14 to 25 years attending an Australian general practice...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691208/the-use-of-digital-and-remote-communication-technologies-as-a-tool-for-multiple-sclerosis-management-narrative-review
#20
Martin Marziniak, Giampaolo Brichetto, Peter Feys, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Karen Vernon, Sven G Meuth
Despite recent advances in multiple sclerosis (MS) care, many patients only infrequently access health care services, or are unable to access them easily, for reasons such as mobility restrictions, travel costs, consultation and treatment time constraints, and a lack of locally available MS expert services. Advances in mobile communications have led to the introduction of electronic health (eHealth) technologies, which are helping to improve both access to and the quality of health care services. As the Internet is now readily accessible through smart mobile devices, most people can take advantage of eHealth apps...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
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