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Maternal mortality and morbidity, near misses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925329/incidence-and-determinants-of-severe-maternal-outcome-in-jimma-university-teaching-hospital-south-west-ethiopia-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#1
Wondimagegnehu Sisay Woldeyes, Dejene Asefa, Geremew Muleta
BACKGROUND: Investigating cases of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) and severe maternal outcome (SMO) and the quality of maternal health care using near-miss approach has become popular over recent years. The aim of this study was to determine facility based incidence and the determinants of severe maternal outcome (SMO) using this approach. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study among all mothers who presented to study facility while pregnant, during child birth and/or within 42 days after termination of pregnancy seeking care and found to have SMM and SMO during the study period was carried out...
June 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890966/maternal-near-miss-collection-at-an-australian-tertiary-maternity-hospital
#2
Skandarupan Jayaratnam, Sonia Kua, Caroline deCosta, Richard Franklin
BACKGROUND: Australia has a maternal mortality ratio of 6.8/100000 live births, a rate akin to other developed countries and consistent with the high level care provided within the Australian health care system. With maternal mortality at very low levels assessment of severe maternal morbidity is increasingly being used as an indicator of quality of care and to identify areas for improvement in maternity services. The WHO maternal 'near miss' criteria is a standardised tool has been increasingly used worldwide to assess maternal morbidity and standards of maternity care...
June 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873186/maternal-intra-and-postpartum-near-miss-following-assisted-reproductive-technology-a-retrospective-study
#3
Antonella Cromi, Nicola Marconi, Jvan Casarin, Selene Cominotti, Ciro Pinelli, Maria Riccardi, Fabio Ghezzi
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether risk of severe maternal morbidity at delivery differs for women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared to those with a spontaneous conception. DESIGN: A cohort study using a prospectively maintained institutional database. SETTING: A tertiary university maternity hospital. POPULATION: All women delivering at Del Ponte Hospital, Italy, between 2005 and 2016. METHODS: Data from 650 ART conceived pregnancies were compared with 22803 spontaneously conceived pregnancies...
June 5, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751278/pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-dialysis-as-an-indicator-of-severe-adverse-maternal-morbidity-at-a-tertiary-center-in-southwest-nigeria
#4
Ibraheem O Awowole, Oluseyi S Omitinde, Fatiu A Arogundade, Sekinah B Bola-Oyebamiji, Olumide A Adeniyi
OBJECTIVE: Despite being a Critical Intervention in the WHO Near-miss concept, the indications and clinical outcomes of patients with Pregnancy-Related Acute Kidney Injury (PRAKI) requiring dialysis at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Nigeria remain unknown. This retrospective review was conducted to facilitate counselling, prognostication and introduction of preventative measures by providing contemporary data on the aetiology and clinical outcomes of women with PRAKI...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674368/effectiveness-of-the-facility-based-maternal-near-miss-case-reviews-in-improving-maternal-and-newborn-quality-of-care-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
Marzia Lazzerini, Sonia Richardson, Valentina Ciardelli, Anna Erenbourg
OBJECTIVES: The maternal near-miss case review (NMCR) has been promoted by WHO as an approach to improve quality of care (QoC) at facility level. This systematic review synthesises evidence on the effectiveness of the NMCR on QoC and maternal and perinatal health outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Studies were searched for in six electronic databases (MEDLINE, Index Medicus, Web of Science, the Cochrane library, Embase, LILACS), with no language restrictions...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629925/reducing-maternal-mortality-and-severe-maternal-morbidity-the-role-of-critical-care
#6
Amir A Shamshirsaz, Gary A Dildy
Throughout most of the 20th century, the risk of maternal mortality in high resource countries decreased dramatically; however, this trend recently has stalled in the United States and appears to have reversed. Equally alarming is that for every reported maternal death, there are numerous severe maternal morbidities or near misses. Shifting maternal demographics (eg, obesity, advanced maternal age, multifetal pregnancies), with attendant significant medical comorbidities (eg, hypertension, diabetes, cardiac disease) and the increase in cesarean deliveries significantly contribute to increased maternal morbidity and mortality...
June 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422154/audit-for-quality-of-care-and-fate-of-maternal-critical-cases-at-women-s-health-hospital
#7
Howieda Fouly, Fayza Ahmed Abdou, Ahmed M Abbas, Ayat Masoud Omar
Maternal deaths remain high, numbers at the facility level are relatively low. AIM: To evaluate effect of management guidelines on occurrence of maternal near miss in Women's Health Hospital. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: ICU of Women's Health Hospital's at Assiut Main University Hospital and Al-fayoum University Hospital. SUBJECTS: Convenient sample of 93 maternal near-miss cases including (Pregnancy or postpartum complications)...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219140/-near-miss-obstetric-events-and-maternal-mortality-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#8
Shravya Tallapureddy, Revathi Velagaleti, Himabindu Palutla, Chaitanya Venkata Satti
Obstetric near-miss or severe acute maternal morbidity is gaining interest internationally as a new indicator of the quality of obstetric care. This is a retrospective study conducted using "The WHO Near-Miss Approach" to provide insight into obstetric emergencies, near-miss cases, and maternal deaths in our hospital. The maternal near-miss ratio was 8.4/1000 live births, maternal near-miss to mortality ratio was 5.3:1. Hemorrhage was the leading cause (43.7%) of morbidity in near-miss cases while hypertensive disorders were the leading cause in maternal deaths (66...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201915/exploring-the-concept-of-degrees-of-maternal-morbidity-as-a-tool-for-surveillance-of-maternal-health-in-latin-american-and-caribbean-settings
#9
Suzanne J Serruya, Bremen de Mucio, Gerardo Martinez, Luis Mainero, Andres de Francisco, Lale Say, Maria H Sousa, Renato T Souza, Maria L Costa, Jussara Mayrink, Jose G Cecatti
Objectives: To assess a birth registry to explore maternal mortality and morbidity and their association with other factors. Study Design: Exploratory multicentre cross-sectional analysis with over 700 thousand childbirths from twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries between 2009 and 2012. The WHO criteria for maternal morbidity were employed to split women, following a gradient of severity of conditions, into (1) maternal death (MD); (2) maternal near miss (MNM); (3) potentially life-threatening conditions (PLTC); (4) less severe maternal morbidity (LSMM); (5) any maternal morbidity; and (6) women with no maternal morbidity...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080720/measuring-maternal-mortality-and-morbidity-in-canada
#10
REVIEW
Jocelynn L Cook, Mina Majd, Jennifer Blake, Jon Yosef Barrett, Sylvie Bouvet, Patricia Janssen, Marian Knight, Sarka Lisonkova, Heather Scott, Suzanne Tough, Tom Wong
Maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity are devastating for women, their families, and care providers. International efforts have been made to develop and to implement data collection, management, and surveillance systems that capture pregnancy-related information that can be assessed and used to improve health and system outcomes. At present, Canada does not have a national enquiry process to review maternal deaths, severe morbidity, and near misses, and has not set targets for maternal mortality reduction...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832665/severe-maternal-morbidity-in-zanzibar-s-referral-hospital-measuring-the-impact-of-in-hospital-care
#11
Tanneke Herklots, Lieke van Acht, Tarek Meguid, Arie Franx, Benoit Jacod
OBJECTIVE: to analyse the impact of in-hospital care on severe maternal morbidity using WHO's near-miss approach in the low-resource, high mortality setting of Zanzibar's referral hospital. SETTING: Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, a tertiary care facility, in Zanzibar, Tanzania. METHODS: We identified all cases of morbidity and mortality in women admitted within 42 days after the end of pregnancy at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital in the period from April to October 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683806/evaluating-the-effect-of-the-helping-mothers-survive-bleeding-after-birth-hms-bab-training-in-tanzania-and-uganda-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Claudia Hanson, Andrea B Pembe, Fadhlun Alwy, Susan Atuhairwe, Sebalda Leshabari, Jessica Morris, Frank Kaharuza, Gaetano Marrone
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage complicates approximately 10% of all deliveries and contributes to at least a quarter of all maternal deaths worldwide. The competency-based Helping Mothers Survive Bleeding after Birth (HMS BAB) training was developed to support evidence-based management of postpartum haemorrhage. This one-day training includes low-cost MamaNatalie® birthing simulators and addresses both prevention and first-line treatment of haemorrhage. While evidence is accumulating that the training improves health provider's knowledge, skills and confidence, evidence is missing as to whether this translates into improved practices and reduced maternal morbidity and mortality...
July 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669415/global-disparities-in-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality
#13
Maria J Small, Terrence K Allen, Haywood L Brown
The disparity in maternal mortality for African American women remains one of the greatest public health inequities in the United States (US). To better understand approaches toward amelioration of these differences, we examine settings with similar disparities in maternal mortality and "near misses" based on race/ethnicity. This global analysis of disparities in maternal mortality/morbidity will focus on middle- and high-income countries (based on World Bank definitions) with multiethnic populations. Many countries with similar histories of slavery and forced migration demonstrate disparities in health outcomes based on social determinants such as race/ethnicity...
August 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665503/mental-health-near-miss-indicators-in-maternity-care-a-missed-opportunity-a-commentary
#14
A Easter, L M Howard, J Sandall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619038/the-experiences-of-women-with-maternal-near-miss-and-their-perception-of-quality-of-care-in-kelantan-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee, Zaharah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was suggested as a more useful indicator for the evaluation and improvement of maternal health services. Our study aimed to explore the experiences of women with maternal near miss and their perception of the quality of care in Kelantan, Malaysia. METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach with in-depth interview method was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan, Malaysia...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588967/who-multi-country-survey-on-abortion-related-morbidity-and-mortality-in-health-facilities-study-protocol
#16
Caron R Kim, Özge Tunçalp, Bela Ganatra, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
INTRODUCTION: According to the WHO, abortion accounts for about 8% (4.7-13.2) of maternal mortality worldwide. In 2010, the WHO Multi-Country Survey (MCS) on Maternal and Newborn Health collected data on over 300 000 women who were admitted in health facilities to receive pregnancy-related care. Abortion data were partially captured by centring on severe maternal outcomes (ie, near-miss or maternal deaths). Building on the experiences of the prior MCS as well as current WHO reproductive health projects, we are undertaking a multi-country survey to better capture the burden and severity of abortion-related complications and management among women presenting to the health facilities...
2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584736/maternal-near-miss-audit-lessons-to-be-learnt
#17
REVIEW
Meenakshi Kalhan, Srishti Singh, Anita Punia, Jai Prakash
Mother and child constitute a large, vulnerable, and a priority group as the risk is involved with childbearing in women and of growth and development in children. For every woman who dies from pregnancy or childbirth-related causes, it is estimated that twenty more suffer from pregnancy-related illness or experience other severe complications. These women who nearly escape death are categorized under "near miss" which has been defined as "a woman who nearly died but survived a complication that occurred during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580650/maternal-near-misses-at-a-provincial-hospital-in-papua-new-guinea-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
John W Bolnga, Marilyn Morris, Catherine Totona, Moses Laman
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss indices are World Health Organisation (WHO) recognised indicators that may improve our understanding of factors associated with maternal morbidity and mortality. In Papua New Guinea (PNG) where maternal mortality is among the highest in the world, only one study has documented near-miss indices in a tertiary-level hospital, but none from provincial hospitals where the majority of under-privileged women access healthcare services. AIMS: To determine the near-miss ratio, maternal mortality index (MMI), and associated maternal indices for Modilon Hospital in Madang Province of PNG...
December 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561138/skin-color-and-maternal-near-miss-exploring-a-demographic-and-health-survey-in-brazil
#19
Karayna Gil Fernandes, Maria Helena Sousa, José Guilherme Cecatti
Purpose In 2013, it was estimated that 289,000 maternal deaths occurred worldwide. The maternal mortality ratio has decreased in many countries in the past decades, due to early identification and treatment of obstetric complications, despite the dissimilarities observed in diverse locations and populations. Black women, for instance, have always been more susceptible to the occurrence of maternal mortality and severe morbidity. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess skin color as a predictive factor for maternal near miss (MNM) in a sample of Brazilian women interviewed in the Brazilian National Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) of 2006...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351384/maternal-characteristics-and-obstetrical-complications-impact-neonatal-outcomes-in-indonesia-a-prospective-study
#20
Trisari Anggondowati, Ayman A E El-Mohandes, S Nurul Qomariyah, Michele Kiely, Judith J Ryon, Reginald F Gipson, Benjamin Zinner, Anhari Achadi, Linda L Wright
BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between maternal characteristics, access to care, and obstetrical complications including near miss status on admission or during hospitalization on perinatal outcomes among Indonesian singletons. METHODS: We prospectively collected data on inborn singletons at two hospitals in East Java. Data included socio-demographics, reproductive, obstetric and neonatal variables. Reduced multivariable models were constructed. Outcomes of interest included low and very low birthweight (LBW/VLBW), asphyxia and death...
March 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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