Read by QxMD icon Read

awakenes retard

Tetsuya Tachibana, Yasua Nakai, Ryosuke Makino, Md Sakirul Islam Khan, Mark A Cline
Prostaglandins (PGs) have been shown to cause several physiological changes in mammals including anorexia, awakening and sleeping, change in digestive function, and activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis. However, there is a paucity of information about the effect of PGs on physiological parameters in birds. The purpose of the present study was to clarify whether intracerebroventricular (ICV) and intraperitoneal (IP) injections of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) affect feeding, voluntary movement, crop-emptying rate, and corticosterone release in chicks (Gallus gallus)...
May 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
M Maes
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of age and gender on depressive classification and phenomenology in unipolar depressed in-patients. METHODS: The authors have assessed 14 items relevant to depressive symptomatology from the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III (SCID) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) in 180 depressed in-patients. RESULTS: Melancholia was significantly more prominent in older depressed patients (≥ 55 years), whereas minor depression (i...
February 2002: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Sureni V Mullegama, Loren Pugliesi, Brooke Burns, Zalak Shah, Raiha Tahir, Yanghong Gu, David L Nelson, Sarah H Elsea
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have an identifiable single-gene neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD), such as fragile X syndrome (FXS, FMR1), Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS, RAI1), or 2q23.1 deletion syndrome (del 2q23.1, MBD5) share phenotypic features, including a high prevalence of sleep disturbance. We describe the circadian deficits in del 2q23.1 through caregiver surveys in which we identify several frequent sleep anomalies, including night/early awakenings, coughing/snoring loudly, and difficulty falling asleep...
June 2015: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Fumihiro Yoshikawa, Yoh Tamaki, Hisa Okumura, Zenzo Miwa, Masaaki Ishikawa, Kazuhiro Shimoyama, Zenkou Nakamura, Hitomi Kunimori, Shigeharu Jinno, Hikaru Kohase, Haruhisa Fukayama
The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with low peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and delayed recovery of dental patients with disabilities after intravenous sedation. A total of 1213 patients with disabilities were retrospectively investigated with respect to demographic parameters and sedation conditions. Multivariate logistic analyses were conducted for patients with an SpO2 <90% and a recovery period of >60 minutes to identify the risk factors for poor sedation conditions...
2013: Anesthesia Progress
Seeta A Sistla, John C Moore, Rodney T Simpson, Laura Gough, Gaius R Shaver, Joshua P Schimel
High latitudes contain nearly half of global soil carbon, prompting interest in understanding how the Arctic terrestrial carbon balance will respond to rising temperatures. Low temperatures suppress the activity of soil biota, retarding decomposition and nitrogen release, which limits plant and microbial growth. Warming initially accelerates decomposition, increasing nitrogen availability, productivity and woody-plant dominance. However, these responses may be transitory, because coupled abiotic-biotic feedback loops that alter soil-temperature dynamics and change the structure and activity of soil communities, can develop...
May 30, 2013: Nature
Gérard Thiriez, Maud Tournoud, Vanessa Wermenbol, Danièle Vermeylen, René Ecochard, Jean Iwaz, Jian Sheng Lin, Patricia Franco
Preterm newborns are at high risk of neurological injury. In this population, we investigated the link between neurological complications and sleep architecture. At term-corrected gestational age, we studied retrospectively the polysomnography of 45 preterm infants born at < 28 weeks or weighting < 1 kg. These infants were followed-up by a neuropaediatrician (median age at last follow-up 50.4 months). Two groups of children were constituted: a group without neurological disorder and a second group with at least one of the following: cerebral palsy, language or mental retardation, visual or hearing disability or attention disorder...
October 2012: Journal of Sleep Research
Diana E Ayala, Rafael Ucieda, Ramón C Hermida
Preeclampsia and gestational hypertension are major contributors to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Several studies aimed to test the effects of low-dose aspirin (ASA) in the prevention of preeclampsia concluded that the beneficial effects of such treatment outweigh adverse ones. Such benefits have not been fully corroborated by larger randomized trials usually carried out in low-risk women, testing a dose of 60 mg/d ASA presumably ingested in the morning, and including women randomized as late as at 26-32 wks of gestation...
March 2013: Chronobiology International
Marco Carotenuto, Maria Esposito, Alfredo D'Aniello, Carmen Donatella Rippa, Francesco Precenzano, Antonio Pascotto, Carmela Bravaccio, Maurizio Elia
PURPOSE: Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder mainly affecting females and usually linked to mutations in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene, with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 10,000 live female births. Clinical features which usually become more apparent over time include breathing dysfunction, seizures, spasticity, peripheral vasomotor disturbance, scoliosis, growth retardation, and hypotrophic feet, with a great variety of presentations. The clear immaturity in brainstem mechanisms is expressed by the presence of early sleep disorders such as nocturnal awakenings, bruxism, and difficulty falling asleep, and no conclusive findings were derived from the few polysomnographic studies about the sleep macrostructural aspects...
March 2013: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Marsha Mailick Seltzer, Erin T Barker, Jan S Greenberg, Jinkuk Hong, Christopher Coe, David Almeida
OBJECTIVE: The premutation of the FMR1 gene (defined as between 55 and 200 CGG repeats) is estimated to affect 1 in 149 females and 1 in 643 males, and some people who carry the FMR1 premutation display signs of impairment. METHOD: This study focuses on 82 premutation carrier mothers (M age = 51.4 years; SD = 7.7) of adolescent and adult children with fragile X syndrome (FXS). A Gene × Environment interaction approach examined the ways in which the experience of negative life events interacts with genetic vulnerability to predict depressive symptoms, anxiety, and daily cortisol levels...
September 2012: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Philip B Mitchell, Andrew Frankland, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Gloria Roberts, Justine Corry, Adam Wright, Colleen K Loo, Michael Breakspear
BACKGROUND: Although genetic epidemiological studies have confirmed increased rates of major depressive disorder among the relatives of people with bipolar affective disorder, no report has compared the clinical characteristics of depression between these two groups. AIMS: To compare clinical features of depressive episodes across participants with major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder from within bipolar disorder pedigrees, and assess the utility of a recently proposed probabilistic approach to distinguishing bipolar from unipolar depression...
October 2011: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Rex N Ponnudurai, Andrea Clarke-Moore, Ifeyinwa Ekulide, Manasee Sant, Krissy Choi, Justin Stone, Evan Spivack, Catherine Schoenberg, Ellise Delphin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether degree of mental retardation (MR) affects bispectral index scale (BIS) scores during general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENTS: 80 ASA physical status I, II and III patients with varying degrees of MR, undergoing dental rehabilitation. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were grouped into mild, moderate, severe or profound degrees of MR, by an independent registered research nurse according to criteria by the American Psychiatric Association...
September 2010: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Willem M A Verhoeven, Tjitske Kleefstra, Jos I M Egger
The 9q Subtelomeric Deletion Syndrome (9qSTDS) is clinically characterized by mental retardation, childhood hypotonia, and facial dysmorphisms. Haploinsufficiency of the EHMT1 gene has been demonstrated to be responsible for its core phenotype. In a significant number of patients behavioral abnormalities like aggression, impulsivity, and chaotic behaviors are present as well as epileptic phenomena. Reports about the developmental, behavioral, and neuropsychiatric aspects of 9qSTDS are scarce and mostly limited to young patients only...
March 5, 2010: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
G Haag, F Mastrosimone, C Iaccarino, M J Müller
INTRODUCTION: Drug therapy for the prevention of migraine attacks is becoming more and attacks is becoming more and more important. The aims of such prophylactic treatment are to reach a lower frequency, shorter duration and milder intensity of migraine attacks, and to reduce the intake of anti-migraine medication, to improve the quality of life and working ability. The question of efficacy and tolerance of established migraine prophylactics [1] has been thoroughly investigated in many studies...
September 1994: Der Schmerz
A Destina Yalçin, Hulki Forta, Elif Kiliç
Eyelid myoclonia with absences (EMA) and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) are two separate epileptic syndromes included in the new classification of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes by ILAE in 2001. Both are idiopathic generalized epilepsies with their clinical onset in the first two decades. EMA is characterized by eyelid myoclonia associated with absences and photosensitivity. Self-induced seizures are frequently seen in EMA. It can be associated with mildly mental retardation and resistance to treatment...
September 2006: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Albert F Hill, William J Polvino, Darcy B Wilson
BACKGROUND: A recent development in critical care medicine makes it urgent that research into the effect of hormones on immunity be pursued aggressively. Studies have demonstrated a large reduction in mortality as a result of infusion with glucose, insulin and potassium. Our work in the oncology setting has led us to propose that the principal reason for such an effect is that GIK stimulates lymphocytes to proliferate and attack pathogens, sparing the patient the stress of infection. That suggestion is based on a new model of immunity that describes the effect of hormones on lymphocytes...
August 19, 2005: Journal of Immune Based Therapies and Vaccines
Bernd Saletu, Wolfgang Prause, Peter Anderer, Magdalena Mandl, Martin Aigner, Olya Mikova, Gerda Maria Saletu-Zyhlarz
Patients with chronic pain often suffer from sleep disturbances, specifically decreased deep sleep, and thus may get into a vicious circle which maintains their pain condition. Utilizing polysomnography and psychometry, objective and subjective sleep and awakening quality was investigated in 11 patients with nonorganic insomnia (F51.0) related to somatoform pain disorder (SPD; F45.4) as compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls of the Siesta normative database. Patients demonstrated a markedly deteriorated Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, a decreased Quality of Life Index, slightly increased self-reported anxiety (Zung SAS) and depression scores (Zung SDS), as well as an increased Epworth Sleepiness Scale and International Restless Legs Syndrome Scale score...
2005: Neuropsychobiology
Craig H Mallinckrodt, John G Watkin, Chaofeng Liu, Madelaine M Wohlreich, Joel Raskin
BACKGROUND: The most prominent feature of melancholic depression is a near-total loss of the capacity to derive pleasure from activities or other positive stimuli. Additional symptoms can include psychomotor disturbances, anorexia, excessive guilt, and early awakening from sleep. Melancholic patients may exhibit treatment responses and outcomes that differ from those of non-melancholic patients. Pooled data from double-blind, placebo-controlled studies were utilized to compare the efficacy of duloxetine in depressed patients with and without melancholic features...
2005: BMC Psychiatry
Elemér Nagy, Claus-Frenz Claussen, Gábor Bencze, Lóránt Heid, Beáta Bencsik, Michael Kersebaum
Depression is a state of depressed mood characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement. Depression ranges from normal feelings of "the blues" through dysthymia to major depression. Endogenous depression has been identified with a specific symptom complex: psychomotor retardation, early morning awakening, weight loss, excessive guilt, and lack of reactivity to the environment. Reactive depression is precipitated by a stressful life event. In the field of depression, we found an overlapping activity between psychiatry and neurootology...
2004: International Tinnitus Journal
Dong Chan Kim, On Young Lee, Eui Beom Jeong, Min Gyu Jeong
With a purpose to find out natural transition of endemicity of Malayan filariasis in inland Korea, a survey was conducted in June 1980 in Isan-Myeon of Yongpung-Gun (former Yongju-Gun) where an epidemiological investigation had been carried out in 1973 without any control activities such as chemotherapy. Five sample villages were surveyed for microfilaremia by 20 microliter night blood examination among inhabitants and the results of the surveys conducted in 1973 and 1980 were compared to determine natural transition of the endemicity of malayan filariasis during the period of the last 7 years...
December 1980: Kisaengch'unghak Chapchi. the Korean Journal of Parasitology
Hajime Tanaka, Satomi Kakutani, Akiko Araki, Ikue Fukuda, Ryuji Oka, Kazuhiko Cho
A 14-year-old boy born at 39 gestational weeks with the birth weight of 3,250 g, had severe mental retardation and spastic quadriplegia of unknown etiology from early childhood. At 7 years of age, disturbance of night sleep appeared with several awakenings. Combined treatment with melatonin (MLT; 0.04 mg/kg) and flunitrazepam (FNZ; 0.025 mg/kg) was more effective than monotherapy with FNZ for the sleep disturbance. Difference of the effects of the combined therapy and the monotherapy for the sleep disturbance were assessed by polysomnographies (PSGs), consisted of EEG (C3, C4), bipolar EOG and surface EMG on the mentalis muscle...
November 2002: No to Hattatsu. Brain and Development
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"