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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302253/determinants-of-quality-of-life-and-return-to-work-following-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Sebastian Blecha, Kathrin Thomann-Hackner, Magdalena Brandl, Helge Knüttel, Thomas Bein, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults is a consequence of lung damage caused by either pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease. Survivors often suffer from an impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mental and physical impairments, and persistent inability to work. METHODS: In this systematic review of the literature, we consider the determinants of HRQoL and return to work (RtW). 24 observational studies showing a statistical association between one or more determinants and HRQoL or RtW were included...
February 17, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257336/preadmission-oral-corticosteroids-are-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-critically-ill-adults-with-sepsis
#2
Andrew C McKown, Erin M McGuinn, Lorraine B Ware, Li Wang, David R Janz, Todd W Rice, Matthew W Semler
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between preadmission oral corticosteroid receipt and the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome in critically ill patients with sepsis. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Medical, surgical, trauma, and cardiovascular ICUs of an academic medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 1,080 critically ill patients with sepsis. INTERVENTIONS: None...
March 2, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250575/inhibition-of-murine-pulmonary-microvascular-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-promotes-recovery-of-barrier-function-under-septic-conditions
#3
Lefeng Wang, Sanjay Mehta, Michael Brock, Sean E Gill
Sepsis is characterized by injury of the pulmonary microvasculature and the pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC), leading to barrier dysfunction and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Our recent work identified a strong correlation between PMVEC apoptosis and microvascular leak in septic mice in vivo, but the specific role of apoptosis in septic PMVEC barrier dysfunction remains unclear. Thus, we hypothesize that PMVEC apoptosis is likely required for PMVEC barrier dysfunction under septic conditions in vitro...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248834/specific-etiologies-associated-with-the-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-in-children-part-1
#4
Jeffrey S Upperman, Jacques Lacroix, Martha A Q Curley, Paul A Checchia, Daniel W Lee, Kenneth R Cooke, Robert F Tamburro
OBJECTIVE: To describe a number of the conditions associated with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome presented as part of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development multiple organ dysfunction syndrome workshop (March 26-27, 2015). DATA SOURCES: Literature review, research data, and expert opinion. STUDY SELECTION: Not applicable. DATA EXTRACTION: Moderated by an expert from the field, issues relevant to the association of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome with a variety of conditions were presented, discussed, and debated with a focus on identifying knowledge gaps and research priorities...
March 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224112/intravenous-vitamin-c-as-adjunctive-therapy-for-enterovirus-rhinovirus-induced-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Alpha A Fowler Iii, Christin Kim, Lawrence Lepler, Rajiv Malhotra, Orlando Debesa, Ramesh Natarajan, Bernard J Fisher, Aamer Syed, Christine DeWilde, Anna Priday, Vigneshwar Kasirajan
We report a case of virus-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated with parenteral vitamin C in a patient testing positive for enterovirus/rhinovirus on viral screening. This report outlines the first use of high dose intravenous vitamin C as an interventional therapy for ARDS, resulting from enterovirus/rhinovirus respiratory infection. From very significant preclinical research performed at Virginia Commonwealth University with vitamin C and with the very positive results of a previously performed phase I safety trial infusing high dose vitamin C intravenously into patients with severe sepsis, we reasoned that infusing identical dosing to a patient with ARDS from viral infection would be therapeutic...
February 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191382/inadvertent-skipping-of-steroids-in-septic-shock-leads-to-a-diagnosis-of-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#6
Vinoth K Sethuraman, Kavitha Balasubramanian, Stalin Viswanathan, Rajeswari Aghoram
Adult onset Still's disease is uncommon in middle-aged and elderly individuals and can rarely present with shock; shock is usually associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation, multiorgan dysfunction syndrome or acute respiratory distress syndrome. We report a post-menopausal woman with arthritis, fever, pneumonitis and hypotension which was managed as septic shock. Steroids were inadvertently missed during the second day of hospitalization in the intensive care unit. Persistence of hypotension on inotropes, with normal renal, hepatic and neurological function and recurrence of fever when steroids were skipped, led to suspicion of an inflammatory disorder...
January 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186706/concise-review-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-based-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-acute-respiratory-distress-and-sepsis-syndromes
#7
Christian L Johnson, Yorick Soeder, Marc H Dahlke
Despite extensive research on candidate pharmacological treatments and a significant and increasing prevalence, sepsis syndrome, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain areas of unmet clinical need. Preclinical studies examining mesenchymal stromal cell (MSCs) based-therapies have provided compelling evidence of potential benefit; however, the precise mechanism by which MSCs exert a therapeutic influence, and whether MSC application is efficacious in humans, remains unknown. Detailed evaluation of the limited number of human trials so far completed is further hampered as a result of variations in trial design and biomarker selection...
January 9, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178076/pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-pediatric-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplants-a-multicenter-study
#8
Courtney M Rowan, Lincoln S Smith, Ashley Loomis, Jennifer McArthur, Shira J Gertz, Julie C Fitzgerald, Mara E Nitu, Elizabeth A S Moser, Deyin D Hsing, Christine N Duncan, Kris M Mahadeo, Jerelyn Moffet, Mark W Hall, Emily L Pinos, Robert F Tamburro, Ira M Cheifetz
OBJECTIVE: Immunodeficiency is both a preexisting condition and a risk factor for mortality in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. We describe a series of pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome based on the recent Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference guidelines with the objective to better define survival of this population. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a retrospective database...
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164622/using-the-expression-of-mirnas-as-biomarkers-for-the-evaluation-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-the-critically-ill-polytrauma-patient
#9
REVIEW
Marius Papurica, Alexandru F Rogobete, Carmen A Cradigati, Mirela Sarandan, Raluca Dumache, Lavinia M Bratu, Sonia E Popovici, Dorel Sandesc, Corina Vernic, Ovidiu H Bedreag
BACKGROUND: A high percentage of critically ill polytrauma patients develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), both because of the primary traumatic injuries and because of the secondary post-traumatic injuries. For adequate management of these patients, new complex evaluation and monitoring methods are needed, methods that could answer as many questions as possible regarding the pathophysiological changes associated with ARDS. Currently, a series of clinical and biochemical markers are being used which unfortunately do not respond to the needs of an intensive care clinician...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164567/the-prognostic-value-of-plasma-microrna-155-and-microrna-146a-level-in-severe-sepsis-and-sepsis-induced-acute-lung-injury-patients
#10
Yan Han, Yong Li, Ying Jiang
BACKGROUND: Sepsis induced acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are lifethreatening disorders. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) scores and several plasma biological markers have been identified to predict the death or treatment outcome of sepsis induced ALI. Immune related microRNAs also have the potential as biomarkers to monitor this kind of disease. METHODS: A total of 44 patients with severe sepsis, 102 patients with sepsis, and 19 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144059/epidemiological-profile-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-a-tertiary-care-experience
#11
Rahul Magazine, Shobitha Rao, Bharti Chogtu, Ramkumar Venkateswaran, Hameed Aboobackar Shahul, Umesh Goneppanavar
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is seen in critically ill patients. Its etiological spectrum in India is expected to be different from that seen in western countries due to the high prevalence of tropical infections. AIM: To study the epidemiological profile of ARDS patients. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital in Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 150 out of the 169 ARDS patients diagnosed during 2010-2012...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133222/-a-case-of-axillary-arterial-bleeding-after-axillary-metastatic-lymph-node-necrosis-during-treatment-with-paclitaxel-and-bevacizumabfor-breast-cancer
#12
Noriko Abe, Tohru Ohtake, Sadahiko Abe, Keita Aoto, Maiko Okano, Kazunoshin Tachibana, Sayaka Yoshida, Mitsuhiko Yasuda, Izo Kimijima, Seiich Takenoshita
A 44-year-old woman was diagnosed cT4bcN3cM1(LYM), Stage IV triple-negative breast cancer.Enhanced computed tomography revealed ipsilateral axillary lymph node metastasis, 10 cm in diameter.The supraclavicular and cervical lymph nodes also had metastases.She received paclitaxel(90mg/m2, on days 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks)in combination with bevacizumab(10mg/kg, on days 1 and 15 every 28 days).Her height was 165 cm, and her body weight was 100 kg.After 1 course of chemotherapy, a metastatic axillary lymph node with necrotic changes was removed spontaneously...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130261/impact-of-thrombosis-on-pulmonary-endothelial-injury-and-repair-following-sepsis
#13
Colin Evans, You-Yang Zhao
The prevailing morbidity and mortality in sepsis are largely due to multiple organ dysfunction (MOD), most commonly lung injury, as well as renal and cardiac dysfunction. Despite recent advances in defining many aspects of the pathogenesis of sepsis-related MOD, including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), there are currently no effective pharmacological or cell-based treatments for the disease. Human and animal studies have shown that pulmonary thrombosis is common in sepsis-induced ARDS, and pre-clinical studies have shown that anti-coagulation may improve outcome following sepsis challenge...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125526/mir-155-alleviates-septic-lung-injury-by-inducing-autophagy-via-inhibition-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-activated-binding-protein-2
#14
Fen Liu, Cheng Nie, Ning Zhao, Yan Wang, Yang Liu, Yong Li, Zhenguo Zeng, Chengzhi Ding, Qiang Shao, Cheng Qing, Liang Xia, Zhiyong Peng, Kejian Qian
BACKGROUND: The anti-inflammatory effect of miR-155 was closely linked to transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase-1-binding protein 2 (TAB2) and autophagy. This study investigated the role of miR-155 in attenuation of septic lung injury through TAB2 and autophagy in mouse model and in vitro. METHODS: Patients who underwent fiberoptic bronchoscope examination with or without septic lung injury were recruited for collection of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples...
January 25, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118166/update-on-low-dose-corticosteroids
#15
Josef Briegel, Thomas Bein, Patrick Möhnle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Low-dose hydrocortisone is recommended in patients with septic shock unresponsive to fluid and vasopressor therapy. Recent research added new data for patients with septic shock and other target groups such as patients with severe sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), community-acquired pneumonia, and burns. The objective of this review is to summarize and comment recent findings on low-dose corticosteroids (LDC) in critically ill patients. RECENT FINDINGS: In the last 2 years, a series of clinical trials and retrospective analyses investigated LDC therapy in critically ill patients with severe systemic inflammation of various origins...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116595/early-risk-factors-and-the-role-of-fluid-administration-in-developing-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-septic-patients
#16
Raghu R Seethala, Peter C Hou, Imoigele P Aisiku, Gyorgy Frendl, Pauline K Park, Mark E Mikkelsen, Steven Y Chang, Ognjen Gajic, Jonathan Sevransky
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a major risk factor for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, there remains a paucity of literature examining risk factors for ARDS in septic patients early in their course. This study examined the role of early fluid administration and identified other risk factors within the first 6 h of hospital presentation associated with developing ARDS in septic patients. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of septic adult patients presenting to the Emergency Department or being admitted for high-risk elective surgery from the multicenter observational cohort study, US Critical Injury and Illness trial Group-Lung Injury Prevention Study 1 (USCIITG-LIPS 1, NCT00889772)...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099641/sepsis-related-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-children-with-cancer-the-respiratory-dynamics-of-a-devastating-condition
#17
Rodrigo Genaro Arduini, Orlei Ribeiro de Araujo, Dafne Cardoso Bourguignon da Silva, Andreza Almeida Senerchia, Antonio Sergio Petrilli
Objective: To evaluate the clinical course and respiratory parameters of mechanically ventilated children with cancer suffering from sepsis-related acute respiratory distress syndrome. Methods: This 2-year prospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study enrolled 29 children and adolescents. Clinical data, measurements of blood gases and ventilation parameters were collected at four different time points. Fluctuations between measurements as well as differences in estimated means were analyzed by linear mixed models in which death within 28 days from the onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome was the primary endpoint...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066653/authors-response-to-commentaries-on-rosuvastatin-for-delirium-and-cognitive-impairment-in-sepsis-associated-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#18
COMMENT
Victor D Dinglas, Elizabeth Colantuoni, E Wesley Ely, Catherine L Hough, Peter E Morris, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Amy W Wozniak, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053267/assessment-of-resuscitation-as-measured-by-markers-of-metabolic-acidosis-and-features-of-injury
#19
D S Weinberg, A S Narayanan, T A Moore, H A Vallier
AIMS: The best time for definitive orthopaedic care is often unclear in patients with multiple injuries. The objective of this study was make a prospective assessment of the safety of our early appropriate care (EAC) strategy and to evaluate the potential benefit of additional laboratory data to determine readiness for surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 335 patients with fractures of the pelvis, acetabulum, femur, or spine were included. Patients underwent definitive fixation within 36 hours if one of the following three parameters were met: lactate < 4...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028977/the-effectiveness-of-corticosteroid-usage-in-complex-therapy-for-severe-sepsis-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-cases-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Oleksandr V Oliynyk, Bohdana O Pereviznyk, Oleh V Yemiashev, Anna Shlifirchyk
BACKGROUND: Severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) is an important issue in contemporary medicine and treatment strategies are still in need of improvement. The most dangerous complications of STBI are multiple organ failure and severe sepsis. As many as 80% of STBI patients with multiple organ failure have acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The need for better treatment strategies for STBI has led to investigations of the positive therapeutic effects of corticosteroids (CS). About 10 to 15 years ago research showed the inexpediency of CS in STBI therapy, but there were also contradictory findings showing their effectiveness...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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