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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815081/robot-assisted-minimally-invasive-thoraco-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-in-the-upper-mediastinum
#1
Sylvia van der Horst, Teun Johannes Weijs, Jelle Pieter Ruurda, Nadia Haj Mohammad, Stella Mook, Lodewijk Adriaan Anton Brosens, Richard van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: Patients with upper third esophageal cancer or esophageal cancer with upper mediastinal paratracheal lymph node metastases are often precluded from surgery because of technical difficulties. With the aid of robotic surgery, an excellent overview and reach of the thoracic inlet can be accomplished. In this way, patients with upper mediastinal esophageal cancer are eligible for esophageal resection with curative intent. The aim of this study was to review the results of a consecutive series of patients who underwent robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) for tumors of the upper 1/3 of the esophagus or positive lymph nodes in the upper mediastinum...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804862/oncological-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit-prognosis-decision-making-therapies-and-end-of-life-care
#2
Ewelina Biskup, Fengfeng Cai, Marcus Vetter, Stephan Marsch
The effectiveness of intensive care unit (ICU) care for cancer patients remains controversial. Advances in antitumour and supportive care led to major improvements in outcomes of oncological patients in the ICU. Improved cancer therapies and supportive management of organ dysfunctions have contributed to improved survival rates. As a consequence, the number of cancer patients requiring ICU admission is rising. Frequently, cancer patients have a poor performance status and are vulnerable. It is a heterogeneous population, where the nature and curability of the neoplasm and the severity of critical illness cause a plethora of issues about ICU admissions...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743831/effective-protection-against-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-sepsis-injury-by-combined-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-preactivated-disaggregated-platelets
#3
Chih-Hung Chen, Yung-Lung Chen, Pei-Hsun Sung, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Kuan-Hung Chen, Yi-Ling Chen, Tien-Hung Huang, Hung-I Lu, Fan-Yen Lee, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Sheng-Ying Chung, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip
This study assessed whether combining adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) with preactivated, disaggregated shape-changed platelets (PreD-SCP) was superior to either therapy alone for protecting rat lung from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) complicated by sepsis. ARDS and sepsis were induced through 100% oxygen inhalation and peritoneal administration of 1.5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS), respectively. Adult-male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40) were randomized into sham-control (SC), ARDS-LPS, ARDS-LPS-ADMSC (1...
July 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743346/-research-progress-of-iqgap1-in-the-pathogenesis-of-ards-induced-by-sepsis
#4
Wang Zhang, Qiang Fang
Sepsis is one of the main cause of patients' death. Lung is the most vulnerable target organ during sepsis, and sepsis patients are often complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), of which the main mechanism is vascular leakage caused by cytoskeleton rearrangement and cell-to-cell connection changes. IQ-guanosine triphosphatease-activating protein 1 (IQGAP1) has become the key component of cytoskeleton dynamics regulation in recent years. At present, the relationship between IQGAP1 and ARDS induced by sepsis is not yet clear...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742677/committee-opinion-no-712-intrapartum-management-of-intraamniotic-infection
#5
(no author information available yet)
Intraamniotic infection, also known as chorioamnionitis, is an infection with resultant inflammation of any combination of the amniotic fluid, placenta, fetus, fetal membranes, or decidua. Intraamniotic infection is a common condition noted among preterm and term parturients. However, most cases of intraamniotic infection detected and managed by obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers will be noted among term patients in labor. Intraamniotic infection can be associated with acute neonatal morbidity, including neonatal pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, and death...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742671/committee-opinion-no-712-summary-intrapartum-management-of-intraamniotic-infection
#6
(no author information available yet)
Intraamniotic infection, also known as chorioamnionitis, is an infection with resultant inflammation of any combination of the amniotic fluid, placenta, fetus, fetal membranes, or decidua. Intraamniotic infection is a common condition noted among preterm and term parturients. However, most cases of intraamniotic infection detected and managed by obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers will be noted among term patients in labor. Intraamniotic infection can be associated with acute neonatal morbidity, including neonatal pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, and death...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721572/i-fabp-is-a-novel-marker-for-the-detection-of-intestinal-injury-in-severely-injured-trauma-patients
#7
M Voth, M Duchene, B Auner, T Lustenberger, B Relja, I Marzi
BACKGROUND: Intestinal injury is a rare injury in multiply traumatized patients, and its diagnosis remains difficult. Delayed diagnosis of an intestinal injury increases the risk of sepsis, multiple organ failure and mortality. The intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) is solely expressed in the intestine and is released extracellulary after tissue damage. This study evaluates the validity of I-FABP as an early biomarker to detect an abdominal injury and particularly an injury to the intestine...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705304/clinical-practice-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-japan-a-nationwide-survey-and-scientific-evidences
#8
Sadatomo Tasaka, Koichiro Tatsumi
BACKGROUND: There has been limited information about epidemiology and clinical practice of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in Japan. METHODS: An invitation letter to the web-based survey was mailed to all 871 board certified hospitals of the Japanese Respiratory Society. The questionnaires were designed to collect data on epidemiology and clinical practice of ARDS, including diagnostic measures and therapeutics. RESULTS: Within 4 months of the survey period, valid responses were obtained from 296 (34%) hospitals...
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697503/update-of-sepsis-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#9
Kelly Roveran Genga, James A Russell
Sepsis, the most common cause of admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), has had an increased incidence and prevalence over the last years with a simultaneous decrease in its short-term mortality. Sepsis survivors are more frequently discharged from hospital and often experience long-term outcomes such as late mortality, immune dysfunction, secondary infections, impaired quality of life, and unplanned readmissions. Early recognition and management of sepsis have challenged emergency care and critical care physicians and nurses...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690868/mirna-200c-3p-is-crucial-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#10
Qiang Liu, Jianchao Du, Xuezhong Yu, Jun Xu, Fengming Huang, Xiaoyun Li, Cong Zhang, Xiao Li, Jiahui Chang, Daozhen Shang, Yan Zhao, Mingyao Tian, Huijun Lu, Jiantao Xu, Chang Li, Huadong Zhu, Ningyi Jin, Chengyu Jiang
Influenza infection and pneumonia are known to cause much of their mortality by inducing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is the most severe form of acute lung injury (ALI). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which is a negative regulator of angiotensin II in the renin-angiotensin system, has been reported to have a crucial role in ALI. Downregulation of ACE2 is always associated with the ALI or ARDS induced by avian influenza virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus, respiratory syncytial virus and sepsis...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661978/prone-positioning-of-the-burn-patient-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-practical-considerations
#11
Brandon Oto, Rowena I Orosco, Elizabeth Panter, Rama Velamuri, A Reema Kar, Julie Caffrey
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common sequela of severe burns and inhalation injury. The massive inflammatory reaction that follows deep burn injury, compounded by episodes of sepsis and organ dysfunction, predisposes patients to the development of ARDS. Prone positioning as a means of improving gas exchange has shown benefit in refractory cases of ARDS, but it is not well described in the burn population. We present a case report of a patient with severe ARDS who underwent prone positioning, review the relevant literature, and provide a discussion of practical concerns...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622221/can-the-treatment-approach-of-sepsis-with-balanced-crystalloid-fluids-translate-into-therapy-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-if-considered-as-lung-limited-sepsis
#12
Giuseppe A Marraro, Umberto Genovese, Claudio Spada, Maria Antonella Piga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611227/lung-injury-etiology-and-other-factors-influencing-the-relationship-between-dead-space-fraction-and-mortality-in-ards
#13
Richard H Kallet, Hanjing Zhuo, Kelly Ho, Michael S Lipnick, Antonio Gomez, Michael A Matthay
BACKGROUND: In ARDS, elevated pulmonary dead-space fraction (VD/VT) is a particularly strong indicator of mortality risk. Whether the magnitude of VD/VT is modified by the underlying etiology of ARDS and whether this influences the strength of its association with mortality remains unknown. We sought to elucidate the impact of ARDS etiology on VD/VT and also to determine whether ARDS severity, as classified by the Berlin definition, has correspondence with changes in VD/VT. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective, observational study (2010-2016) measured VD/VT in 685 subjects with ARDS as part of clinical management with lung-protective ventilation...
June 13, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607338/blood-purification-with-continuous-veno-venous-hemofiltration-in-patients-with-sepsis-or-ards-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Alessandro Putzu, Ming-Xing Fang, Martina Boscolo Berto, Alessandro Belletti, Luca Cabrini, Tiziano Cassina, Giovanni Landoni
INTRODUCTION: Severe inflammatory conditions, as severe sepsis/septic shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), are related to high morbidity and mortality. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized trials to assess if blood purification with continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) reduces mortality in these settings. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Online databases were searched for pertinent studies up to March 2017. We included randomized-controlled trials on the use of CVVH as blood purification technique in comparison to conventional therapy in adult patients with severe sepsis/septic shock or ARDS but no acute kidney injury needing renal replacement therapy...
August 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592332/the-negative-effect-of-initial-high-dose-methylprednisolone-and-tapering-regimen-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-retrospective-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#15
Makoto Takaki, Kazuya Ichikado, Kodai Kawamura, Yasuhiro Gushima, Moritaka Suga
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of corticosteroid use in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains controversial. Generally, short-term high-dose corticosteroid therapy is considered to be ineffective in ARDS. On the other hand, low-dose, long-term use of corticosteroids has been reported to be effective since they provide continued inhibition of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) that accompanies ARDS. Thus far, no reports have been published on the efficacy of initiating treatment with a high-dose corticosteroid regimen with tapering...
June 8, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562476/fn14-blockade-on-pulmonary-microvascular-endothelial-cells-improves-the-outcome-of-sepsis-induced-acute-lung-injury
#16
Yun Zou, Suhong Bao, Fang Wang, Long Guo, Jiali Zhu, Jun Wang, Xiaoming Deng, Jinbao Li
Pulmonary microvascular leakage is one of the characteristics of blood-air barrier dysfunction in septic acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). Fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) exerts diverse functions under certain circumstances. However, the role of Fn14 on the integrity of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) during sepsis remains unknown. Septic ALI was induced via cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Fn14 expression on PMVECs was measured 24 h after surgery...
May 30, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559468/severity-of-hypoxemia-and-other-factors-that-influence-the-response-to-aerosolized-prostacyclin-in-ards
#17
Richard H Kallet, Gregory Burns, Hanjing Zhuo, Kelly Ho, Justin S Phillips, Lance P Pangilinan, Vivian Yip, Antonio Gomez, Michael S Lipnick
BACKGROUND: ARDS is characterized by decreased functional residual capacity (FRC), heterogeneous lung injury, and severe hypoxemia. Tidal ventilation is preferentially distributed to ventilated alveoli. Aerosolized prostaglandin I2 exploits this pathophysiology by inducing local vasodilation, thereby increasing ventilation-perfusion matching and reducing hypoxemia. Therefore, aerosolized prostaglandin I2 efficacy may depend upon FRC. Both PaO2 /FIO2 and compliance of the respiratory system (CRS) are indirect signifiers of FRC and thus may partly determine the response to aerosolized prostaglandin I2...
August 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559467/effect-of-ards-severity-and-etiology-on-short-term-outcomes
#18
Haitham El-Haddad, Hyejeong Jang, Wei Chen, Ayman O Soubani
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the outcome of subjects with ARDS in relation to etiology and severity in a retrospective cohort study of the ARDS Network randomized controlled trials. The primary outcome was 28-d mortality. The secondary outcomes were 60-d mortality and ventilator- and ICU-free days. For severity of ARDS, subjects were stratified according to PaO2/FIO2. The etiology of ARDS was classified into sepsis, pneumonia, aspiration, trauma, and others. RESULTS: A total of 2,914 subjects were included in these trials...
May 30, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554260/efficacy-of-direct-hemoperfusion-using-polymyxin-b-immobilized-fiber-column-pmx-dhp-in-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-pneumonias-results-of-a-historical-control-study-and-a-review-of-previous-studies
#19
Hidenori Ichiyasu, Yuko Horio, Aiko Masunaga, Yohei Migiyama, Yasumiko Sakamoto, Takayuki Jodai, Hideharu Ideguchi, Hiroko Okabayashi, Shohei Hamada, Chieko Yoshida, Susumu Hirosako, Shinichiro Okamoto, Hirotsugu Kohrogi
BACKGROUND: Direct hemoperfusion using polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX-DHP) therapy has been approved for sepsis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome, but its efficacy for other rapidly progressive interstitial pneumonias (RPIPs) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of PMX-DHP therapy for acute respiratory failure in patients with RPIPs, when compared with a historical control receiving conventional treatment without PMX-DHP. METHODS: This study comprised 77 patients with RPIPs in our institute between January 2002 and December 2015...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550403/healthcare-utilization-and-costs-in-ards-survivors-a-1-year-longitudinal-national-us-multicenter-study
#20
A Parker Ruhl, Minxuan Huang, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Taruja Karmarkar, Victor D Dinglas, Ramona O Hopkins, Dale M Needham
PURPOSE: To evaluate (1) post-discharge healthcare utilization and estimated costs in ARDS survivors, and (2) the association between patient and intensive care-related variables, and 6-month patient status, with subsequent hospitalization and costs. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study enrolling from four ARDSNet trials in 44 US hospitals. Healthcare utilization was collected via structured interviews at 6 and 12 months post-ARDS, and hospital costs estimated via the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
July 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
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