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subcutaneous air emphysema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417447/air-leak-without-subcutaneous-emphysema-in-an-adult-patient-due-to-thyroidectomy
#1
Levent Dalar, Ayten Saracoglu, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Celalettin Kocatürk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414698/the-feasibility-of-thoracoscopic-resection-in-bronchiectasis
#2
Volkan Baysungur, Talha Dogruyol, Ilhan Ocakcioglu, Aysun Misirlioglu, Serdar Evman, Serda Kanbur, Levent Alpay, Cagatay Tezel
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery is the treatment of choice in early-stage lung cancer. However, experience in infectious lung disease, primarily bronchiectasis, is limited probably because of the presence of dense pleural adhesions, multiple lymph nodes, and spiral bronchial arteries. The present study shows our experience of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy and segmentectomy in the treatment of bronchiectasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent VATS lobectomy or segmentectomy in our clinic between April 2008 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392636/subcutaneous-emphysema-after-shoulder-arthroscopy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Els S M Van Nieuwenhuyse, Bart Kerens, Jan Moens, Gunther Kiekens
INTRODUCTION: Subcutaneous emphysema (SE) and pneumomediastinum are rare complications after shoulder arthroscopy. CASE REPORT: A case is presented in which SE was seen after arthroscopic cuff repair. DISCUSSION: A review of current literature shows that SE after shoulder arthroscopy can be due to loco-regional anaesthesiology, endotracheal intubation, gas-forming infection, postoperative mobilisation or the arthroscopic procedure itself. During the procedure air can be sucked into the subacromial space due to suction and subsequently transferred into subcutaneous tissue by the positive pressure of the infusion pump...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372830/air-and-its-sonographic-appearance-understanding-the-artifacts
#4
Simran Buttar, Denrick Cooper, Patrick Olivieri, Michael Barca, Aaran B Drake, Melvin Ku, Gabriel Rose, Sebastian D Siadecki, Turandot Saul
BACKGROUND: Although air has traditionally been considered a barrier to sonographic imaging, when encountered in unusual settings it can serve as an important indicator of various pathologic states as well. Clinician recognition and thorough understanding of the characteristic pattern of artifacts generated by air are critical for making a number of important diagnoses. CASE SERIES: We present five emergency department cases in which air was visualized in a pathologic location...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367295/development-of-pulmonary-air-leak-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-without-mechanical-ventilation-a-case-report
#5
Eun Mi Kim, Ji Yeon Kim
A 34-year-old woman at 25 weeks 3 days was diagnosed with preterm labor and underwent an emergency cesarean section. The neonate did not cry or show any activity. The heart rate was 80 beats/min and the oxygen saturation on pulse oximetry (SpO2) was 77%. Immediately, positive pressure ventilation was delivered by T piece resuscitator, and then anesthesiologist performed endotracheal intubation. The neonate demonstrated severe cyanosis and the SpO2 dropped to 30%. Ventilation was not successful even after intubation, and we found neck crepitus, chest wall distension, and severe cyanosis on physical examination...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360468/air-leak-an-unusual-manifestation-of-organizing-pneumonia-secondary-to-bleomycin
#6
R Namitha, K P Nimisha, Nasser Yusuf, C P Rauf
Organizing pneumonia (OP) is a less common interstitial lung disease with varying clinical picture. The development of pulmonary air leak in a case of OP is an extremely rare complication. Here, we report the case of a 46-year-old female with carcinoma ovary, postchemotherapy who developed respiratory distress with pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema. Lung biopsy showed evidence of OP. This turned out to be a rare case of OP, secondary to bleomycin chemotherapy, presenting with pulmonary air leak.
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334809/subcutaneous-emphysema-of-scalp-following-resuscitation-in-a-neonate
#7
Avinash Dhaware, Sandeep Kadam, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Neonatal subcutaneous emphysema of scalp (SES) with air leaks is rare. Case characteristics: Neonate presented with SES in addition to pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. OBSERVATION: SES resolved after the chest was drained to treat pneumothorax. OUTCOME: Neonate made full recovery. CONCLUSION: Neonatal SES may be associated with air leaks post-resuscitation, which has not been reported.
February 21, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325724/air-everywhere-colon-perforation-after-colonoscopy
#8
Ana Virgínia Araújo, Cláudia Santos, Helena Contente, Cláudia Branco
Colonoscopy is being widely used since the 1980s and is the leading diagnostic procedure for colorectal cancer. For many colorectal diseases, it is also a therapeutic tool. Like many other procedures in Medicine, it has its drawbacks and complications, some of which if not readily diagnosed can represent a serious risk to the patient's health and well-being. We describe a case of colon perforation during diagnostic colonoscopy in a patient, resulting in exuberant pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumoperitoneum, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema, who successfully underwent laparoscopic colonic resection with primary anastomosis...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286390/early-postoperative-malignant-subcutaneous-emphysema-report-and-review
#9
N K Sahoo, Shivinder Singh, I D Roy, Amit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema is defined as presence of air or gas in subcutaneous tissue layer. It may be localized or generalized due to various aetiological factors. Although SE and pneumomediastinum are self-limiting conditions, life-threatening complications may develop. Escape of air into both pleural cavity causing bilateral pneumothorax and tension pneumothorax can be termed as malignant emphysema. PURPOSE: To report a case of malignant generalized subcutaneous emphysema in early postoperative phase following palatoplasty...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280711/iatrogenic-subcutaneous-cervicofacial-emphysema-with-pneumomediastinum-after-class-v-restoration
#10
Sang-Woon Lee, Yoon-Hyuk Huh, Min-Sang Cha
Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by the invasion of high-pressure air; in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in cervical emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and pneumothorax. The present case showed subcutaneous cervicofacial emphysema with pneumomediastinum after class V restoration. The patient was fully recovered after eight days of conservative treatment. The cause of this case was the penetration of high-pressure air through the gingival sulcus, which had a weakened gingival attachment...
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230045/the-single-chest-tube-versus-double-chest-tube-application-after-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Xuefei Zhang, Desheng Lv, Mo Li, Ge Sun, Changhong Liu
OBJECTIVE: Draining of the chest cavity with two chest tubes after pulmonary lobectomy is a common practice. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether using two tubes after a pulmonary lobectomy is more effective than using a single tube. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of five randomized studies that compared the single chest tube with double chest tube application after pulmonary lobectomy. The primary end-point was amount of drainage and duration of chest tube drainage...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170116/anorexia-nervosa-with-massive-pulmonary-air-leak-and-extraordinary-propagation
#12
V M Jensen, R K Støving, P E Andersen
A rare case combining pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumoperitoneum, pneumorrhachis, air in retroperitoneum and extensive subcutaneous emphysema simultaneously in a severely anorectic male with BMI 9.2 (22.8 kg) and multiple vomitings is presented. This unusual condition was treated successfully with conservative medical approach in a specialized somatic unit for anorexia nervosa.
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119867/pneumoretroperitoneum-pneumomediastinum-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-a-rectal-endoscopic-mucosal-resection
#13
Hee Cheul Jung, Hyun Jin Kim, Sung Bok Ji, Jun Hyeong Cho, Ji Hye Kwak, Chang Min Lee, Wan Soo Kim, Jin Ju Kim, Jae Min Lee, Sang Su Lee
An endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is an effective and safe therapeutic technique for treating a patient with a laterally-spreading tumor (LST). Colonoscopic-procedure-related complications are noted to be about 2.8% worldwide, and a perforation is the most common. Most colon perforations cause pneumoperitoneum. However, a perforation within the retroperitoneal portion of the colon (rectum and some of sigmoid colon) may cause an extraperitoneal perforation, and the leaking free air may induce pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema, depending on the amount of discharged air...
December 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050477/transthoracic-biopsy-causes-massive-subcutaneous-emphysema-in-a-low-risk-patient
#14
Fikri Selcuk Simsek, Yusuf Dag
Subcutaneous Emphysema (SE) can be defined as air leakage under skin from the respiratory or gastrointestinal system. It is frequently accompanied by pneumomediastinum. Thoracentesis, image-guided lung biopsies, pulmonary diseases and therapies resulting in necrosis can cause this pathology. The risk of pneumothorax and SE increased with the distance of the lesion to the pleura, and small size of the lesion. Although, our patient had low risk for SE, there were minimal pneumothoraces and massive SE. We consider that tumour necrosis and subcutaneous tissue may be related via transthoracic biopsy and this leads to massive SE...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987288/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-pneumoretroperitoneum-and-cervicofacial-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-repeatedly-and-forcefully-blowing-into-a-bottle
#15
Thein Swe, Akari Thein Naing, Antony Lixon, Joseph Quist
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon, self-limiting condition associated with increased intra-thoracic pressure resulting in alveolar rupture. Search of the literature revealed no detailed case report about a 26-year-old psychiatric patient who repeatedly and forcefully blew air into a bottle for 5 days resulting in a combined condition of spontaneous pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema. It is crucial to find a primary source and treat appropriately...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906036/complicated-acute-appendicitis-presenting-as-a-rapidly-progressive-soft-tissue-infection-of-the-abdominal-wall-a-case-report
#16
Corinne Beerle, Hans Gelpke, Stefan Breitenstein, Ralph F Staerkle
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a rare complication of acute appendicitis with perforation through the abdominal wall. The case points out that an intraabdominal origin should be considered in patients presenting with rapidly spreading soft tissue infections of the trunk. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old European woman presented to our hospital with a 1-week history of severe abdominal pain accompanied by rapidly spreading erythema and emphysema of the lower abdomen...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876330/pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-caused-by-colonoscopic-perforation-a-report-of-two-cases
#17
Pyong Wha Choi
BACKGROUND: Although colonoscopy is generally a safe procedure, lethal complications can occur. Colonoscopic perforation is one of the most serious complications, and it can present with various clinical symptoms and signs. Aggravating abdominal pain and free air on simple radiography are representative clinical manifestations of colonoscopic perforation. However, unusual symptoms and signs, such as dyspnea and subcutaneous emphysema, which are less likely to be related with complicating colonoscopy, may obscure correct clinical diagnosis...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793871/pulmonary-air-leak-syndrome-associated-with-traumatic-nasopharyngeal-suctioning
#18
Maria Chitty Lopez, Elza Pollak-Christian, Michael Keenaghan
We describe a healthy 7-month-old female infant who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema after traumatic nasopharyngeal suctioning (NPS) while hospitalised for respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pulmonary air leak syndrome associated with traumatic NPS in a healthy infant affected by bronchiolitis. Although NPS is currently the mainstay of treatment in patients admitted with bronchiolitis in the USA, currently there are minimal data regarding the safety and effectiveness of the procedure in patients with bronchiolitis...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763884/cerebral-air-embolism-a-clinical-radiologic-and-histopathologic-correlation
#19
Leonardo Pacheco Roquero, Sandra Camelo-Piragua, Carl Schmidt
Cerebral air embolism is a recognized life-threatening complication, sometimes iatrogenic. Its timely diagnosis is essential because it can result in neurologic deficits or death. We report a case of a 58-year-old man who died from cerebral air embolism diagnosed by nonenhanced computed tomography scan of the head after a cardiac bypass surgery with Biventricular Assist Device and multiple vascular line placements. Autopsy revealed extensive subcutaneous emphysema, intravascular and perivascular air bubbles in the central nervous system and associated cerebral and cerebellar hemorrhagic infarction...
December 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752640/near-complete-optic-nerve-transection-by-high-pressure-air
#20
Soo Won Ko, Jong Seok Lee, Han Sung Choi, Young Gwan Ko, Hoon Pyo Hong
The use of high-pressure air instruments has become more common. Consequently, there have been a number of cases of orbital emphysema caused by contact with high-pressure air. In this case, a 62-year-old male patient visited an emergency medical center after his left eye was shot by an air compressor gun that was used to wash cars. Lacerations were observed in the upper and lower eyelids of his left eye. Radiological examinations revealed orbital emphysema, optic nerve transection, pneumocephalus, and subcutaneous emphysema in the face, neck, shoulder, and mediastinum...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
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