keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bleeding gastrointestinal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646925/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-versus-placebo-or-no-prophylaxis-in-adult-hospitalised-acutely-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#1
Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clinical equipoise exists. Whether there is overall benefit or harm of stress ulcer prophylaxis in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no treatment in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients with high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding irrespective of hospital setting...
June 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646285/growing-concerns-a-3-year-old-girl-with-multiple-hepatic-masses-and-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#2
Christine Yang, Adam Gomez, Anshul Haldipur, William Berquist, Dorsey Bass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645954/assessing-the-impact-of-colonoscopy-complications-on-use-of-colonoscopy-among-primary-care-physicians-and-other-connected-physicians-an-observational-study-of-older-americans
#3
Nancy L Keating, A James O'Malley, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Bruce E Landon
OBJECTIVES: Psychological biases can distort treatment decision-making. The availability heuristic is one such bias, wherein events that are recent, vivid or easily imagined are readily 'available' to memory and are therefore judged more likely to occur than expected based on epidemiological data. We assessed if the occurrence of a serious colonoscopy complication for a primary care physician's patient influenced colonoscopy rates for the physician's other patients. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with time-varying exposure variables...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644313/unique-clinical-features-of-los-angeles-grade-d-esophagitis-suggest-that-factors-other-than-gastroesophageal-reflux-contribute-to-its-pathogenesis
#4
Anh D Nguyen, Stuart J Spechler, Monique N Shuler, Rhonda F Souza, Kerry B Dunbar
BACKGROUND: The Los Angeles (LA) grade of reflux esophagitis (A to D) is assumed to reflect severity of the underlying gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, LA-D esophagitis patients might be expected to have the most conditions predisposing to GERD (eg, obesity, hiatal hernia), and the highest frequency of GERD symptoms. GOALS: The main goal of this study is to compare clinical features of patients with the most severe (LA-D) and mildest (LA-A) grades of esophagitis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644311/hemobilia-an-uncommon-but-notable-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#5
Scott Cathcart, John W Birk, Michael Tadros, Micheal Schuster
GOAL AND BACKGROUND: A literature review to improve practitioners' knowledge and performance concerning the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of hemobilia. STUDY: A search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Medline was conducted using the keyword hemobilia and relevant articles were reviewed and analyzed. The findings pertaining to hemobilia etiology, investigation, and management techniques were considered and organized by clinicians practiced in hemobilia. RESULTS: The majority of current hemobilia cases have an iatrogenic cause from either bile duct or liver manipulation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641726/recurrence-of-cytomegalovirus-viremia-causing-gastrointestinal-tract-bleeding-at-different-sites-in-an-immuno-competent-patient
#6
Tsung-Ta Chiang, Tzu-Chao Lin, Rui-Xin Wu, Chih-Chien Chiu, Ya-Sang Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641193/acute-hemobilia-from-a-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-cystic-artery-arising-from-the-left-hepatic-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Claudia Trombatore, Roberto Scilletta, Noemi Bellavia, Pietro Trombatore, Vincenzo Magnano S Lio, Giuseppe Petrillo, Antonio Di Cataldo
INTRODUCTION: Hemobilia represents only 6% of all causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a rare case of a bleeding pseudoaneurysm of the cystic artery, due to a re-activation of a chronic cholecystitis, which arose with a mixed symptomatology: jaundices and hematemesis. DISCUSSION: The rarity of our patient is increased for some vascular anatomic variations detected by Computed Tomography that influenced the management of the disease...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640322/effectiveness-and-safety-of-rivaroxaban-versus-warfarin-for-treatment-and-prevention-of-recurrence-of-venous-thromboembolism
#8
Craig I Coleman, Craig Coleman, Thomas J Bunz, Alexander G G Turpie
The efficacy and safety or rivaroxaban versus enoxaparin/vitamin K antagonist for treatment and prevention recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) was demonstrated in the randomised EINSTEIN trials. We assessed the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban versus warfarin in VTE patients managed in routine practice. Using US MarketScan claims from 1/2012-6/2015, we included adults with a primary diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) during a hospitalisation/emergency department visit, newly-initiated on rivaroxaban or warfarin within 30-days after the VTE and with ≥180-days of continuous medical/prescription benefits prior to the VTE (baseline)...
June 22, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639882/management-of-oral-anticoagulation-therapy-after-gastrointestinal-bleeding-whether-to-when-to-and-how-to-restart-an-anticoagulation-therapy
#9
Kazuhiko Kido, Michael J Scalese
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current clinical evidence for management of oral anticoagulation therapy after gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) with an emphasis on whether to, when to, and how to resume an anticoagulation therapy. DATA SOURCES: Relevant articles from MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases were identified from 1946 through May 20, 2017, using the keywords: gastrointestinal hemorrhage or gastrointestinal bleeding and antithrombotic therapy or anticoagulation therapy or warfarin or dabigatran or rivaroxaban or apixaban or edoxaban...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638830/abdominal-hernias-giant-colon-diverticulum-gist-intestinal-pneumatosis-colon-ischemia-cold-intussusception-gallstone-ileus-and-foreign-bodies-our-experience-and-literature-review-of-incidental-gastrointestinal-mdct-findings
#10
REVIEW
G Di Grezia, G Gatta, R Rella, D Donatello, G Falco, R Grassi, R Grassi
Incidental gastrointestinal findings are commonly detected on MDCT exams performed for various medical indications. This review describes the radiological MDCT spectrum of appearances already present in the past literature and in today's experience of several gastrointestinal acute conditions such as abdominal hernia, giant colon diverticulum, GIST, intestinal pneumatosis, colon ischemia, cold intussusception, gallstone ileus, and foreign bodies which can require medical and surgical intervention or clinical follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634688/acute-variceal-bleeding-risk-stratification-and-management-including-tips
#11
REVIEW
Virginia Hernández-Gea, Claudia Berbel, Anna Baiges, Juan C García-Pagán
Acute variceal bleeding should be suspected in all patients with cirrhosis presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Vasoactive drugs and prophylactic antibiotics must be started as soon as possible, even before performing the diagnostic endoscopy. Once the patient is hemodynamically stable, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy should be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis and provide endoscopic therapy (preferably banding ligation). After this initial approach, the most appropriate therapy to prevent both early and late rebleeding must be instituted following a risk stratification strategy...
June 20, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634523/mallory-weiss-tear-after-violent-hiccups-a-rare-association
#12
Sankalp Dwivedi, Hussein Al-Hamid, Bradley J Warren
We present an unusual case of a 44-year-old male who developed violent hiccups soon after a ureteroscopy for nephrolithiasis; later, the forceful hiccups were followed by hematemesis. Upper esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed Mallory-Weiss tears and esophageal erosions in the lower esophagus. Esophageal biopsy was unremarkable. The patient did not have a prior history of the gastrointestinal disorder. Although extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has on rare occasion been implicated in the development of gastrointestinal erosions, no such correlation exists for ureteroscopy and upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the management of nephrolithiasis...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634135/outcomes-and-role-of-urgent-endoscopy-in-high-risk-patients-with-acute-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Soo-Han Cho, Yoon-Seon Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Chang Hwan Sohn, Shin Ahn, Dong-Woo Seo, Won Young Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Kyoung Soo Lim
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated clinical outcomes in high-risk patients with acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), and determined if urgent endoscopy is effective. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Glasgow-Blatchford score >7 who underwent endoscopy for acute nonvariceal UGIB at the emergency department from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, were included. Urgent (<6 h) and elective (6-48 h) endoscopies were defined according to the time to endoscopy after the initial presentation...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634133/acute-severe-gastrointestinal-tract-bleeding-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-thromboembolism-and-death
#14
Naoyoshi Nagata, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Takuro Shimbo, Shiori Moriyasu, Hidetaka Okubo, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Chizu Yokoi, Mikio Yanase, Junichi Akiyama, Naomi Uemura
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with and without gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) to determine whether GIB increases the risks of thromboembolism and death. METHODS: We collected data from 522 patients with acute severe GIB and 1044 patients without GIB (controls, matched for age, sex, year of diagnosis, history of thromboembolism, and use of antithrombotic drugs) who underwent endoscopy at the National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Japan from January 2009 through December 2014...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633905/short-and-long-term-mortality-of-patients-presenting-with-bleeding-events-to-the-emergency-department
#15
Alberto Conti, Noemi Renzi, Daniele Molesti, Simone Bianchi, Irene Bogazzi, Giada Bongini, Giuseppe Pepe, Fabiana Frosini, Alessio Bertini, Massimo Santini
BACKGROUND: Death of patients presenting with bleeding events to the Emergency Department still represent a major problem. We sought to analyze clinical characteristics associated with worse outcomes including short- and long-term death, beyond antithombotic treatment strategy. METHODS: Patients presenting with any bleeding events during 2016-2017years were enrolled. Clinical parameters, site of bleeding, major bleeding, ongoing anti-thrombotic treatment strategy and death were collected...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633127/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-phytobezoar-a-case-report
#16
Ippazio Ugenti, Elisabetta Travaglio, Elpiniki Lagouvardou, Onofrio Caputi Iambrenghi, Gennaro Martines
INTRODUCTION: Gastric bezoars are a rare condition associated with situations of gastric dysmotility and prior gastric surgery, though sometimes they can present without any risk factor. We describe the first successful treatment in medical literature of a large gastric bezoar in the outpatient setting through endoscopic fragmentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old man was referred to our outpatient endoscopy clinic because of dyspepsia and epigastric pain. Upper GI endoscopy with a standard endoscope revealed a 10-cm-diameter gastric phytobezoar with necrotic pressure ulcer of the angulus...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632810/hydralazine-associated-cutaneous-casculitis-presenting-with-aerodigestive-tract-involvement
#17
Laura E Levin, Cynthia Magro, James Horowitz, Joanna Harp
Hydralazine-induced small vessel vasculitis is a rare entity with a limited number of cases reported in the dermatologic literature. A characteristic pattern of acral pseudoembolic vesiculopustules with necrosis and ulceration has been suggested along with involvement of the aerodigestive tract, indicating mucosal involvement is an important feature of this disease. We report the case of a patient with hydralazine-induced vasculitis who exemplified this characteristic presentation associated with severe involvement of the aerodigestive tract and gastrointestinal tract bleeding...
May 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629608/laparotomy-and-intraoperative-enteroscopy-for-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-before-and-after-the-era-of-video-capsule-endoscopy-and-deep-enteroscopy-a-tertiary-center-experience
#18
Wuttiporn Manatsathit, Usah Khrucharoen, Dennis M Jensen, O Joe Hines, Thomas Kovacs, Gordon Ohning, Rome Jutabha, Kevin Ghassemi, Gareth S Dulai, Gustavo Machicado
BACKGROUND: To evaluate roles of intraoperative endoscopy (IOE) in management of severe obscure GI bleeding (OGIB) before vs. after introduction of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and deep enteroscopy (DE). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data of patients undergoing IOE for severe OGIB in a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: 52 patients had laparotomy/IOE for OGIB, 11 pre and 41 post VCE/DE eras. In the pre VCE/DE era, 36...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626375/intravenous-bevacizumab-therapy-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-eng-e137k-alcoholic-cirrhosis-and-portal-hypertension
#19
Luigi F Bertoli, Pauline L Lee, Lauren Lallone, James C Barton
Intravenous bevacizumab decreased mucosal bleeding in some patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). We treated a 47-year-old male who had HHT, severe epistaxis, and gastrointestinal bleeding, alcoholic cirrhosis, and portal hypertension with intravenous bevacizumab 2.5 mg/kg every 2 weeks. We tabulated these measures weekly during weeks 1-33 (no bevacizumab); 34-57 (bevacizumab); and 58-97 (no bevacizumab): hemoglobin (Hb) levels; platelet counts; units of transfused packed erythrocytes (PRBC units); and quantities of iron infused as iron dextran to support erythropoiesis...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626374/bochdalek-hernia-in-an-adult-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#20
Mohammed Al-Dugdugi, Abdulhameed Alhazmi, Abdulhadi Khaliel, Luis Perez
Bochdalek hernia (BH) can be a life-threatening condition in infants. Approximately 85.3% of newborns with a BH are immediately at high risk and have a high mortality rate due to respiratory insufficiency [Kocakusak et al.: Hernia 2005;9: 284-287]. However, BH is almost asymptomatic in adults and discovered only incidentally [Wilkins et al.: Clin Imaging 1994;18: 224-229]. Complicated BH in adults might present with visceral incarceration and lethal complications. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding and acute pancreatitis are rarely reported in the literature as complications of BH in adults...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
keyword
keyword
99573
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"