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Leadership deans in medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543227/meeting-the-challenges-of-implementing-rapid-genomic-testing-in-acute-pediatric-care
#1
Zornitza Stark, Sebastian Lunke, Gemma R Brett, Natalie B Tan, Rachel Stapleton, Smitha Kumble, Alison Yeung, Dean G Phelan, Belinda Chong, Miriam Fanjul-Fernandez, Justine E Marum, Matthew Hunter, Anna Jarmolowicz, Yael Prawer, Jessica R Riseley, Matthew Regan, Justine Elliott, Melissa Martyn, Stephanie Best, Tiong Y Tan, Clara L Gaff, Susan M White
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to implement and prospectively evaluate the outcomes of a rapid genomic diagnosis program at two pediatric tertiary centers.MethodsRapid singleton whole-exome sequencing (rWES) was performed in acutely unwell pediatric patients with suspected monogenic disorders. Laboratory and clinical barriers to implementation were addressed through continuous multidisciplinary review of process parameters. Diagnostic and clinical utility and cost-effectiveness of rWES were assessed.ResultsOf 40 enrolled patients, 21 (52...
March 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465453/creation-and-implementation-of-a-taxonomy-for-educational-activities-a-common-vocabulary-to-guide-curriculum-mapping
#2
Hugh A Stoddard, Erica D Brownfield
PROBLEM: Undergraduate medical education (UME) has trended toward outcomes-based education, unveiling new issues for UME program organization and leadership. Using a common language for categorizing and linking all program components is essential. The Emory Curriculum Alignment Taxonomy (ECAT) was designed as a common vocabulary for curriculum mapping in the outcomes-based environment of the Emory University School of Medicine. APPROACH: The ECAT, developed in 2016, uses a set of 291 controlled identifiers, or "tags," to describe every educational activity's content, instruction, assessment, and outcomes, and thereby to align teaching inputs with student outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383051/tracking-student-mistreatment-data-to-improve-the-emergency-medicine-clerkship-learning-environment
#3
Joseph B House, Max C Griffith, Michelle D Kappy, Elizabeth Holman, Sally A Santen
Introduction: Medical student mistreatment is a prevalent and significant challenge for medical schools across the country, associated with negative emotional and professional consequences for students. The Association of American Medical Colleges and Liaison Committee on Medical Education have increasingly emphasized the issue of mistreatment in recent years, and medical schools are tasked with creating a positive learning climate. Methods: The authors describe the efforts of an emergency department (ED) to improve its clerkship learning environment, using a multifaceted approach for collecting mistreatment data and relaying them to educators and clerkship leadership...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182749/infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-position-statement-why-idsa-did-not-endorse-the-surviving-sepsis-campaign-guidelines
#4
(no author information available yet)
IDSA did not endorse the 2016 Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines despite being represented in the working group that drafted the guidelines document. Leadership from the IDSA, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines, and the Society of Critical Care Medicine had numerous amicable discussions primarily regarding the bolded, rated guidelines recommendations. Our societies had different perspectives, however, regarding the interpretation of the major studies that informed the guidelines' recommendations, thus leading us to different conclusions and different perspectives on the recommendations...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795973/the-academy-of-master-clinicians-recognition-of-clinical-excellence-within-an-academic-medical-center
#5
John H Glick, Victoria Mulhern, Kim M Olthoff, Jack Ende
PROBLEM: Academic health centers face increasing challenges in pursuing and maintaining clinical excellence in their tripartite mission. At Penn Medicine, an institution-wide strategic planning process was initiated in 2012. Among the recommendations that arose from that process was to enhance the recognition of Penn Medicine's most outstanding clinicians. The Academy of Master Clinicians (AoMC) was founded in 2013. APPROACH: The ad hoc committee charged with the development and implementation of the AoMC provided a mission statement, eligibility criteria, and a process for nomination and selection of AoMC members...
February 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753047/leadership-identity-development-through-reflection-and-feedback-in-team-based-learning-medical-student-teams
#6
Maryam Alizadeh, Azim Mirzazadeh, Dean X Parmelee, Elizabeth Peyton, Neda Mehrdad, Leila Janani, Hooman Shahsavari
PROBLEM: Studies on leadership identity development through reflection with Team-Based Learning (TBL) in medical student education are rare. We assumed that reflection and feedback on the team leadership process would advance the progression through leadership identity development stages in medical students within the context of classes using TBL. INTERVENTION: This study is a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group. The pretest and posttest were reflection papers of medical students about their experience of leadership during their TBL sessions...
January 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596049/modern-science-for-better-quality-control-of-medicinal-products-towards-global-harmonization-of-3rs-in-biologicals-the-report-of-an-epaa-workshop
#7
Katrin Schutte, Anna Szczepanska, Marlies Halder, Klaus Cussler, Ursula G Sauer, Catrina Stirling, Sylvie Uhlrich, Iwona Wilk-Zasadna, David John, Martin Bopst, Joerg Garbe, Harrie L Glansbeek, Robin Levis, Pieter-Jan Serreyn, Dean Smith, Paul Stickings
This article summarizes the outcome of an international workshop organized by the European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing (EPAA) on Modern science for better quality control of medicinal products: Towards global harmonization of 3Rs in biologicals. As regards the safety testing of biologicals, the workshop participants agreed to actively encourage the deletion of abnormal toxicity tests and target animal batch safety tests from all relevant legal requirements and guidance documents (country-specific guidelines, pharmacopoeia monographs, WHO recommendations)...
July 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471781/evaluation-of-and-feedback-for-academic-medicine-leaders-developing-and-implementing-the-memorial-method
#8
James Rourke, Stephen Bornstein, Cathy Vardy, David Speed, Tyrone White, Paula Corbett
PROBLEM: Giving and receiving honest and helpful feedback for leadership development is a common challenge in all types of organizations but particularly in academic medicine. APPROACH: At Memorial University of Newfoundland, in 2014, a consensus emerged to develop a new method for evaluating the leadership performance of the discipline chairs, dean, and vice dean, and to provide these leaders with the evaluation results to help them improve their performance. The leaders responsible for developing and implementing this method (called the Memorial Method) decided to use a survey to obtain faculty members' perceptions about their leader's performance...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789575/us-medical-schools-awareness-of-their-students-who-smoke-cessation-programs-available-and-the-potential-impact-on-residency-match
#9
Joseph E Chidiac, Ahmed Mohamed, Madhumitha Krishnamoorthy, Karim Mahmoud, Yassir Al-Darwash, Geethapriya Rajasekaranrathnakumar, Mohan Palla, Diane L Levine
Introduction: Hospital systems are adopting strict nicotine-free policies excluding hiring individuals who smoke, including residents for graduate medical training. This study was conducted to (1) determine medical schools' awareness of these policies, (2) awareness of their students' smoking behaviors, and (3) the smoking cessation programs that they provide. Methods: A survey was developed to learn about the smoking policies of medical schools in the United States: how school leadership estimates smoking prevalence among their students, what those estimates are, and what programs are in place to help students quit smoking...
December 13, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532868/developing-core-competencies-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-prescription-drug-misuse-a-medical-education-collaboration-in-massachusetts
#10
Karen H Antman, Harris A Berman, Terence R Flotte, Jeffrey Flier, Dennis M Dimitri, Monica Bharel
Drug overdose has become the leading cause of injury death in the United States. More than half of those deaths involve prescription drugs, specifically opioids. A key component of addressing this national epidemic is improving prescriber practices.A review of the curricula at the four medical schools in Massachusetts revealed that, although they taught components of addiction medicine, no uniform standard existed to ensure that all students were taught prevention and management strategies for prescription drug misuse...
October 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509297/women-s-careers-in-biomedical-sciences-implications-for-the-economy-scientific-discovery-and-women-s-health
#11
Jennifer L Plank-Bazinet, Misty L Heggeness, P Kay Lund, Janine Austin Clayton
While women have been well represented in medical school and biomedical doctoral degree programs, they do not comprise half of academic medicine faculty positions. Furthermore, there is a significant paucity of women in academic medicine leadership positions, as evidenced by the fact that only 16% of dean positions at United States Medical schools are filled by women. In this commentary, the authors review the state of women in academic medicine and argue that increased representation of women in the academic workforce will lead to economic gains, increased scientific discovery, and improvements to women's health...
May 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306968/women-in-academic-medicine
#12
George E Thibault
More than a decade ago, women achieved parity with men in the number of matriculants to medical school, nearly one-third of the faculty of medical schools were women, and there were some women deans and department chairs. These trends were promising, but today there are still significant differences in pay, academic rank, and leadership positions for women compared with men in academic medicine. Though there has been progress in many areas, the progress is too slow to achieve previously recommended goals, such as 50% women department chairs by 2025 and 50% women deans by 2030...
August 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245515/foreword
#13
Stuart Saunders, J P Van Niekerk, Jacquie Greenberg, Alan Bryer, Lawrence X G Stephen
In 2014, four of Emeritus Prof. Peter (fondly known as PB) Beighton's past PhD students decided that they would like to honour him for his leadership and the influence that he had on their professional lives, and collaborated on a project to compile a Festschrift in his honour. They are Prof. Michael Hayden, now living in Canada, the first PhD graduate that PB supervised in 1979, together with Profs Jacquie Greenberg from the University of Cape Town (UCT), Alan Bryer from UCT and Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), and Lawrence Stephen from the University of the Western Cape (UWC)...
June 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126343/a-comprehensive-survey-of-preclinical-microbiology-curricula-among-us-medical-schools
#14
Dora J Melber, Arianne Teherani, Brian S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: A strong foundational understanding of microbiology is crucial for the 21st century physician. Given recent major advances in medical microbiology, curricular changes will likely be needed. Before transforming curricula, we must first obtain a comprehensive understanding of contemporary medical student microbiology education. METHODS: We disseminated a 38-question survey to microbiology course directors and curriculum deans at 142 US medical schools accredited by the Liason Committee on Medical Education...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096204/can-a-plastic-surgeon-be-a-department-chairman-%C3%A2-really
#15
REVIEW
M W Neumeister
There is significant responsibility in being a Department of Surgery Chairman within a medical school. The Chairman is appointed by the Dean of Medicine to lead surgery in a path that serves the mission of the school. The Department of Surgery Chairman is charged with facilitating the academic, operational, and programmatic surgical initiatives of the School of Medicine. Traditionally the Chairman of Surgery has been a general surgeon but now our educational and clinical experiences have changed making traditional leadership less intuitive...
April 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25607939/a-competency-based-approach-to-recruiting-developing-and-giving-feedback-to-department-chairs
#16
Megan Palmer, Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, Emily Walvoord, Stephen P Bogdewic, Mary E Dankoski
Academic health centers (AHCs) are under unprecedented pressure, making strong leadership during these challenging times critical. Department chairs have tremendous influence in their AHCs, yet data indicate that--despite outstanding academic credentials--they are often underprepared to take on these important leadership roles. The authors sought to improve the approach to recruiting, developing, and giving feedback to department chairs at their institution, the Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM), by reorganizing these processes around six key leadership competencies: leadership and team development, performance and talent management, vision and strategic planning, emotional intelligence, communication skills, and commitment to the tripartite mission...
April 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25250751/a-first-step-toward-understanding-best-practices-in-leadership-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Allison M B Webb, Nicholas E Tsipis, Taylor R McClellan, Michael J McNeil, MengMeng Xu, Joseph P Doty, Dean C Taylor
PURPOSE: To characterize leadership curricula in undergraduate medical education as a first step toward understanding best practices in leadership education. METHOD: The authors systematically searched the PubMed, Education Resources Information Center, Academic Search Complete, and Education Full Text databases for peer-reviewed English-language articles published 1980-2014 describing curricula with interventions to teach medical students leadership skills. They characterized educational settings, curricular format, and learner and instructor types...
November 2014: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25191153/four-children-and-yale-the-making-of-a-human-geneticist-the-grover-powers-lecture-2014
#18
Leon E Rosenberg
Dr. Leon E. Rosenberg delivered the following presentation as the Grover Powers Lecturer on May 14, 2014, which served as the focal point of his return to his "adult home" as a Visiting Professor in the Department of Pediatrics. Grover F. Powers, MD, was one of the most influential figures in American Pediatrics and certainly the leader who created the modern Department of Pediatrics at Yale when he was recruited in 1921 from Johns Hopkins and then served as its second chairman from 1927 to 1951. Dr. Powers was an astute clinician and compassionate physician and fostered and shaped the careers of countless professors, chairs, and outstanding pediatricians throughout the country...
September 2014: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25057369/improving-medication-safety-in-uk-care-homes-challenges-and-current-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Mathumalar Loganathan Fahrni, Bryony Dean Franklin, Salman Rawaf, Azeem Majeed
In the UK, there are policy and regulatory concerns regarding the governance of care homes and healthcare provision within these homes. From a public health perspective, these issues can pose significant challenges to the provision of safe and quality medication use services to care home residents. The objective of this paper is to highlight an important and neglected issue for the growing population of institutionalized older adults. We reviewed relevant literature for the years 2000 to present and identified recent efforts undertaken to improve medication safety standards in UK care homes...
February 2014: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25040265/women-in-medicine-and-leadership
#20
EDITORIAL
Dean Royles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
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