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Leadership deans in medicine

Joseph E Chidiac, Ahmed Mohamed, Madhumitha Krishnamoorthy, Karim Mahmoud, Geethapriya Rajasekaranrathnakumar, Mohan Palla, Diane L Levine
INTRODUCTION: Hospital systems are adopting strict nicotine-free policies excluding hiring individuals who smoke, including residents for graduate medical training. This study was conducted to (1) determine medical schools' awareness of these policies, (2) awareness of their students' smoking behaviors, and (3) the smoking cessation programs that they provide. METHODS: A survey was developed to learn about the smoking policies of medical schools in the United States: how school leadership estimates smoking prevalence among their students, what those estimates are, and what programs are in place to help students quit smoking...
October 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Karen H Antman, Harris A Berman, Terence R Flotte, Jeffrey Flier, Dennis M Dimitri, Monica Bharel
Drug overdose has become the leading cause of injury death in the United States. More than half of those deaths involve prescription drugs, specifically opioids. A key component of addressing this national epidemic is improving prescriber practices.A review of the curricula at the four medical schools in Massachusetts revealed that, although they taught components of addiction medicine, no uniform standard existed to ensure that all students were taught prevention and management strategies for prescription drug misuse...
August 16, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jennifer L Plank-Bazinet, Misty L Heggeness, P Kay Lund, Janine Austin Clayton
While women have been well represented in medical school and biomedical doctoral degree programs, they do not comprise half of academic medicine faculty positions. Furthermore, there is a significant paucity of women in academic medicine leadership positions, as evidenced by the fact that only 16% of dean positions at United States Medical schools are filled by women. In this commentary, the authors review the state of women in academic medicine and argue that increased representation of women in the academic workforce will lead to economic gains, increased scientific discovery, and improvements to women's health...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
George E Thibault
More than a decade ago, women achieved parity with men in the number of matriculants to medical school, nearly one-third of the faculty of medical schools were women, and there were some women deans and department chairs. These trends were promising, but today there are still significant differences in pay, academic rank, and leadership positions for women compared with men in academic medicine. Though there has been progress in many areas, the progress is too slow to achieve previously recommended goals, such as 50% women department chairs by 2025 and 50% women deans by 2030...
August 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Stuart Saunders, J P Van Niekerk, Jacquie Greenberg, Alan Bryer, Lawrence X G Stephen
In 2014, four of Emeritus Prof. Peter (fondly known as PB) Beighton's past PhD students decided that they would like to honour him for his leadership and the influence that he had on their professional lives, and collaborated on a project to compile a Festschrift in his honour. They are Prof. Michael Hayden, now living in Canada, the first PhD graduate that PB supervised in 1979, together with Profs Jacquie Greenberg from the University of Cape Town (UCT), Alan Bryer from UCT and Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), and Lawrence Stephen from the University of the Western Cape (UWC)...
June 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Dora J Melber, Arianne Teherani, Brian S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: A strong foundational understanding of microbiology is crucial for the 21st century physician. Given recent major advances in medical microbiology, curricular changes will likely be needed. Before transforming curricula, we must first obtain a comprehensive understanding of contemporary medical student microbiology education. METHODS: We disseminated a 38-question survey to microbiology course directors and curriculum deans at 142 US medical schools accredited by the Liason Committee on Medical Education...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
M W Neumeister
There is significant responsibility in being a Department of Surgery Chairman within a medical school. The Chairman is appointed by the Dean of Medicine to lead surgery in a path that serves the mission of the school. The Department of Surgery Chairman is charged with facilitating the academic, operational, and programmatic surgical initiatives of the School of Medicine. Traditionally the Chairman of Surgery has been a general surgeon but now our educational and clinical experiences have changed making traditional leadership less intuitive...
April 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Megan Palmer, Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, Emily Walvoord, Stephen P Bogdewic, Mary E Dankoski
Academic health centers (AHCs) are under unprecedented pressure, making strong leadership during these challenging times critical. Department chairs have tremendous influence in their AHCs, yet data indicate that--despite outstanding academic credentials--they are often underprepared to take on these important leadership roles. The authors sought to improve the approach to recruiting, developing, and giving feedback to department chairs at their institution, the Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM), by reorganizing these processes around six key leadership competencies: leadership and team development, performance and talent management, vision and strategic planning, emotional intelligence, communication skills, and commitment to the tripartite mission...
April 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Allison M B Webb, Nicholas E Tsipis, Taylor R McClellan, Michael J McNeil, MengMeng Xu, Joseph P Doty, Dean C Taylor
PURPOSE: To characterize leadership curricula in undergraduate medical education as a first step toward understanding best practices in leadership education. METHOD: The authors systematically searched the PubMed, Education Resources Information Center, Academic Search Complete, and Education Full Text databases for peer-reviewed English-language articles published 1980-2014 describing curricula with interventions to teach medical students leadership skills. They characterized educational settings, curricular format, and learner and instructor types...
November 2014: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Leon E Rosenberg
Dr. Leon E. Rosenberg delivered the following presentation as the Grover Powers Lecturer on May 14, 2014, which served as the focal point of his return to his "adult home" as a Visiting Professor in the Department of Pediatrics. Grover F. Powers, MD, was one of the most influential figures in American Pediatrics and certainly the leader who created the modern Department of Pediatrics at Yale when he was recruited in 1921 from Johns Hopkins and then served as its second chairman from 1927 to 1951. Dr. Powers was an astute clinician and compassionate physician and fostered and shaped the careers of countless professors, chairs, and outstanding pediatricians throughout the country...
September 2014: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Mathumalar Loganathan Fahrni, Bryony Dean Franklin, Salman Rawaf, Azeem Majeed
In the UK, there are policy and regulatory concerns regarding the governance of care homes and healthcare provision within these homes. From a public health perspective, these issues can pose significant challenges to the provision of safe and quality medication use services to care home residents. The objective of this paper is to highlight an important and neglected issue for the growing population of institutionalized older adults. We reviewed relevant literature for the years 2000 to present and identified recent efforts undertaken to improve medication safety standards in UK care homes...
February 2014: JRSM Open
Dean Royles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Anna Kaatz, Molly Carnes
Fifty years after Title IX, women remain sparsely represented in high ranks and leadership in academic medicine. Although men and women enter the career pipeline at similar rates, academic medicine does not equivalently advance them. Currently, women account for 32% of associate professors, 20% of full professors, 14% of department chairs, and 11% of deans at U.S. medical schools--far from the near sex parity seen in medical students since the 1990s. Over 30 years of research confirms that gender stereotypes can operate to disadvantage women in review processes and consequently bar their advancement in domains like science and medicine...
June 2014: Journal of Women's Health
Jonathan Sherbino, Jason R Frank, Linda Snell
PURPOSE: To determine a consensus definition of a clinician-educator and the related domains of competence. METHOD: During September 2010 to March 2011, the authors conducted a two-phase mixed-methods national study in Canada using (1) focus groups of deans of medicine and directors of medical education centers to define the attributes, domains of competence, and core competencies of clinician-educators using a grounded theory analysis, and (2) a survey of 1,130 deans, academic chairs, and residency program directors to validate the focus group results...
May 2014: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Norman D Mohl, Frank A Scannapieco, Stuart L Fischman
During the 1960s, the dental school at the University of Buffalo underwent a profound change, as a result of its merger with the State University of New York (SUNY), and, very importantly, because of the outstanding leadership provided by Dean James A. English. This article contrasts what the school was like in 1960 before Dean English's arrival, and what it had become in 1970 when his deanship ended. It also recounts the leadership qualities of Dean English and the measures he took to transform the dental school into a leading educational institution...
2013: Journal of the History of Dentistry
Juan C Celedón, Jesse Roman, Dean E Schraufnagel, Alvin Thomas, Jonathan Samet
Because the frequency of major risk factors for respiratory diseases (e.g., tobacco use) differs across demographic groups (defined by socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, health care access, occupation, or other characteristics), health disparities are commonly encountered in pediatric and adult pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine. As part of its policy on respiratory health disparities, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) Executive Committee created a Health Equality Subcommittee of the Health Policy Committee, with an initial mandate of defining respiratory health equality and, as a subsequent task, providing recommendations to the ATS leadership as to how our society may help attain such equality in the United States...
May 2014: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Peter F Buckley
OBJECTIVE: The author reviews the role of deans in US academic medical centers. METHODS: The author describes the role of the dean of a medical school on the basis of his personal experience and key texts on the topic. RESULTS: Skills acquired earlier in an academic career are used across a much broader base in the role of dean, and the dean holds a time-honored and privileged position in academic medicine. Fundamental activities of the dean include communication, mentorship, recruitment, and retention...
February 2014: Academic Psychiatry
Linda H Pololi, Edward Krupat, Eugene R Schnell, David E Kern
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests an ongoing need for change in the culture of academic medicine. This article describes the structure, activities and evaluation of a culture change project: the C - Change Learning Action Network (LAN) and its impact on participants. The LAN was developed to create the experience of a culture that would prepare participants to facilitate a culture in academic medicine that would be more collaborative, inclusive, relational, and that supports the humanity and vitality of faculty...
2013: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Mina Gaga, Charles A Powell, Dean E Schraufnagel, Nicolas Schönfeld, Klaus Rabe, Nicholas S Hill, Jean-Paul Sculier
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a common problem seen by pulmonologists. The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) are professional organizations whose memberships are composed of large numbers of pulmonologists. PURPOSE: This document describes the key role of pulmonologists in the prevention, early diagnosis, and management of lung cancer. METHODS: A committee of ATS and ERS leaders and their oncology groups discussed the activities of pulmonologists in relation to lung cancer in various settings and reviewed available literature on the topic...
August 15, 2013: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
John A Kastor
The job of chair of a department of medicine, once seen as the apex in the career of an academic internist, has lost much of its allure, in part because of increasing administrative and financial obligations that require more of the time and effort of chairs than formerly. This is the impression the author gathered from interviewing 44 current and former chairs, deans, division chiefs, and hospital directors.He was told that chairs have lost some of their independence as departments have become increasingly dependent on the support of the executives at their university hospitals who, as the source of funds and facilities, can even specify which clinical services the chairs may develop...
July 2013: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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