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Jiazhen Sheng, Eun Jung Park, Bonggeun Shong, Jin-Seong Park
Indium gallium oxide (IGO) thin films were deposited via atomic layer deposition (ALD) using [1,1,1-trimethyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)silanaminato]indium (InCA-1) and trimethylgallium (TMGa) as indium and gallium precursors, respectively, and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as the reactant. In order to clearly understand the mechanism of multicomponent ALD growth of oxide semiconductor materials, several variations in the precursor-reactant deposition cycles were evaluated. Gallium could be doped into oxide film at 200°C when accompanied by an InCA-1 pulse, and no growth of gallium oxide was observed without the simultaneous deposition of indium oxide...
June 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chenghui Xia, Johannes D Meeldijk, Hans C Gerritsen, Celso de Mello Donega
Copper indium sulfide (CIS) quantum dots (QDs) are attractive as labels for biomedical imaging, since they have large absorption coefficients across a broad spectral range, size- and composition-tunable photoluminescence from the visible to the near-infrared, and low toxicity. However, the application of NIR-emitting CIS QDs is still hindered by large size and shape dispersions and low photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs). In this work, we develop an efficient pathway to synthesize highly luminescent NIR-emitting wurtzite CIS/ZnS QDs, starting from template Cu2-x S nanocrystals (NCs), which are converted by topotactic partial Cu(+) for In(3+) exchange into CIS NCs...
June 13, 2017: Chemistry of Materials: a Publication of the American Chemical Society
Yanmei Sun, Dianzhong Wen, Xuduo Bai, Junguo Lu, Chunpeng Ai
Nonvolatile ternary memory devices were fabricated using the composite of polystyrene (PS) and graphene oxide(GO) as active layers, which have an reliable intermediate state. The current-voltage (I-V) curves of the indium tin oxide (ITO)/PS+GO/Al device under the external applied voltages exhibited current tri-stability with three conductivity states, which clearly revealed ternary memory performance. Under the stimulus of the external voltage, a stable intermediate conductivity state was observed. In the write-read-erase-read test, the ITO/PS+GO/Al device exhibited rewritable, nonvolatile, ternary memory properties...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Da-Chen Pang, Cheng-Min Chang
This paper presents the world's first transparent flexible capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) that was fabricated through a roll-lamination technique. This polymer-based CMUT has advantages of transparency, flexibility, and non-contacting detection which provide unique functions in display panel applications. Comprising an indium tin oxide-polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) substrate, SU-8 sidewall and vibrating membranes, and silver nanowire transparent electrode, the transducer has visible-light transmittance exceeding 80% and can operate on curved surfaces with a 40 mm radius of curvature...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
Kun Li, Hu Wang, Huiying Li, Ye Li, Guangyong Jin, LanLan Gao, Mazzeo Marco, Yu Duan
Transparent conductive electrode (TCE) platforms are required in many optoelectronic devices, including organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). To date, Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) based electrodes are widely used in TCEs but they still have few limitations in term of achieving flexible OLEDs and display techniques. In this paper, highly-flexible and ultra-thin TCEs were fabricated for use in OLEDs by combining single-layer graphene (SLG) with thin silver layers of only several nanometers in thickness. The as-prepared SLG+Ag (8nm) composite electrodes showed low sheet resistances of 9Ω/sq, high stability over 500 bending cycles, and 74% transmittance at 550nm wavelength...
June 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Li Yao, Xin Fang, Wei Gu, Wenhao Zhai, Yi Wan, Xixi Xie, Wanjin Xu, Xiaodong Pi, Guangzhao Ran, Guogang Qin
A new method to employ graphene as top electrode was introduced, and based on that, fully transparent quantum dot light emitting diodes (T-QLEDs) were sucessfully fabribated through a lamination process. We adopted the widely used wet transfer method to transfer bilayer graphene (BG) on polydimethylsiloxane/polyethylene terephthalate (PDMS/PET) substrate. The sheet resistance of graphene reduced to ~540 Ω/□ through transferring BG for 3 times on the PDMS/PET. The T-QLED has an inverted device structure of glass/Indium tin oxide (ITO)/ZnO nanoparticles (NPs)/(CdSSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs))/ 1,1-bis[(di-4-tolylamino)phenyl] cyclohexane (TAPC)/MoO3/ graphene/PDMS/PET...
June 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Filipe Vultos, Célia Fernandes, Filipa Mendes, Fernanda Marques, João Correia, Isabel Santos, Lurdes Gano
A straightforward synthetic route for a new multifunctional DOTA derivative is described. To prove the versatility of this prochelator to prepare radiolabelled hybrid compounds containing two different biological targeting moieties, an antitumoral agent (e.g. DNA intercalating agent) and an Estrogen Receptor ligand (e.g. LXXLL based peptide) were regiospecifically conjugated to the DOTA derivative. The bifunctional probe was radiolabelled with the Auger electron emitter Indium-111 and the radioconjugate demonstrated to induce DNA damage in vitro which along with the nuclear internalization exhibited in breast cancer cells might enhance its therapeutic activity...
June 19, 2017: ChemMedChem
Xia Wang, Jang-Yeon Hwang, Seung-Taek Myung, Jusef Hassoun, Yang-Kook Sun
We report a highly performing anode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), composed of graphene decorated indium sulfide (In2S3). The composite material is synthesized by adopting a facile hydrothermal pathway with subsequent annealing, and characterized by defined structure and well-tailored morphology, as indeed demonstrated by X-ray diffraction, spectroscopy as well as high resolution microscopy. These optimal characteristics allow the electrode to perform remarkably in sodium cell by achieving a maximum specific capacity as high as 620 mAh g-1, and the still relevant value of 335 mAh g-1 at an extremely high current (i...
June 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Gayathri Devatha, Soumendu Roy, Anish Rao, Abhik Mallick, Sudipta Basu, Pramod P Pillai
Indium Phosphide Quantum Dots (InP QDs) have emerged as an alternative to toxic metal ion based QDs in nanobiotechnology. The ability to generate cationic surface charge, without compromising stability and biocompatibility, is essential in realizing the full potential of InP QDs in biological applications. We have addressed this challenge by developing a place exchange protocol for the preparation of cationic InP/ZnS QDs. The quaternary ammonium group provides the much required permanent positive charge and stability to InP/ZnS QDs in biofluids...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Ruyan Li, Yue Zhang, Wenwen Tu, Zhihui Dai
Using in suit generation of electron acceptor coupled with heterojunction as dual signal amplification, a simple photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis platform was designed. The synergic effect between the PEC activities of carbon nitride (C3N4) nanosheets and PbS quantum dots (QDs) achieved almost 9 fold photocurrent intensity increment, compared with the C3N4 alone. After the G-quadruplex/hemin/Pt NPs with catalase-like activity towards H2O2 was introduced, oxygen was in situ generated and acted as electron donor, improving charge separation efficiency and further enhancing photocurrent response...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Javier Hoyo, Ester Guaus, Juan Torrent-Burgués
Artificial lipid bilayers have been extensively studied as models that mimic natural membranes (biomimetic membranes). Several attempts of biomimetic membranes inserting ubiquinone (UQ) have been performed to enlighten which the position of UQ in the lipid layer is, although obtaining contradictory results. In this work, pure components (DPPC and UQ) and DPPC:UQ mixtures have been studied using surface pressure-area isotherms and Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of the same compounds have been transferred onto solid substrates being topographically characterized on mica using atomic force microscopy and electrochemically on indium tin oxide slides...
June 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Imran Khan, Martin Bauch, Theodoros Dimopoulos, Jakub Dostalek
Indium tin oxide (ITO) thin films were sputter-deposited at ambient temperature on a glass-like substrate that was periodically nanostructured by UV nanoimprint lithography. Cross gratings of the corrugated and conformal ITO, with different periods and modulation depths, were tailored to exhibit light trapping or antireflection properties at specific spectral windows by combined optical simulations and experiments. For dense gratings, the light transmission in the 450-850 nm range was enhanced by 8% (absolute) compared to flat ITO films, which is one of the largest performance improvements reported in the literature for nanostructured transparent electrodes...
June 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
Min-Gu Kim, Hommood Alrowais, Choongsoon Kim, Pyungwoo Yeon, Maysam Ghovanloo, Oliver Brand
Lightweight, flexible, stretchable, and wireless sensing platforms have gained significant attention for personal healthcare and environmental monitoring applications. This paper introduces an all-soft (flexible and stretchable), battery-free, and wireless chemical microsystem using gallium-based liquid metal (eutectic gallium-indium alloy, EGaIn) and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), fabricated using an advanced liquid metal thin-line patterning technique based on soft lithography. Considering its flexible, stretchable, and lightweight characteristics, the proposed sensing platform is well suited for wearable sensing applications either on the skin or on clothing...
June 14, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Miro J Eigenmann, Ludivine Fronton, Hans Peter Grimm, Michael B Otteneder, Ben-Fillippo Krippendorff
Monoclonal antibodies are an important therapeutic entity, and knowledge of antibody pharmacokinetics has steadily increased over the years. Despite this effort, little is known about the extent of IgG antibody degradation in different tissues of the body. While studies have been published identifying sites of degradation with the use of residualizing and non-residualizing radiolabels, quantitative tissue clearances have not yet been derived. Here, we show that in physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models we can combine mouse data of Indium-111 and Iodine-125 labeled antibodies with prior physiological knowledge to determine tissue-specific intrinsic clearances...
June 14, 2017: MAbs
Krishnan Thyagarajan, Ruzan Sokhoyan, Leonardo Zornberg, Harry A Atwater
A plasmonic metasurface with an electrically tunable optical response that operates at strikingly low modulation voltages is experimentally demonstrated. The fabricated metasurface shows up to 30% relative change in reflectance in the visible spectral range upon application of 5 mV and 78% absolute change in reflectance upon application of 100 mV of bias. The designed metasurface consists of nanostructured silver and indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes which are separated by 5 nm thick alumina. The millivolt-scale optical modulation is attributed to a new modulation mechanism, in which transport of silver ions through alumina dielectric leads to bias-induced nucleation and growth of silver nanoparticles in the ITO counter-electrode, altering the optical extinction response...
June 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
J Haddad, G F S Whitehead, A P Katsoulidis, M J Rosseinsky
Two new amide functionalised metal-organic frameworks, In(OH)CSA and In(OH)PDG, were synthesized using two flexible linkers, N-(4-carboxyphenyl)succinamic acid (CSA) and N,N'-(1,4-phenylenedicarbonyl)diglycine (PDG), respectively. Both structures consist of corner-sharing {InO4(OH)2} octahedra in the form of trans indium hydroxide chains, which are interconnected by the dicarboxylate linkers to form stacked 2-dimensional layers. The different symmetries and configurations of the flexible and rigid features on the linkers results in different supramolecular interactions dominating between linkers, resulting in different shaped pores and functional group orientation...
June 14, 2017: Faraday Discussions
A Politano, D Campi, M Cattelan, I Ben Amara, S Jaziri, A Mazzotti, A Barinov, B Gürbulak, S Duman, S Agnoli, L S Caputi, G Granozzi, A Cupolillo
We have investigated the electronic response of single crystals of indium selenide by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy and density functional theory. The loss spectrum of indium selenide shows the direct free exciton at ~1.3 eV and several other peaks, which do not exhibit dispersion with the momentum. The joint analysis of the experimental band structure and the density of states indicates that spectral features in the loss function are strictly related to single-particle transitions...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shahid Muhammad, Yuting Wang, Jun Yang, Tianjun Li, Yang Xing, Jing Cheng, Mengfei Zhang, Chunlei Wan, Wei Pan
Flexible and transparent electronics is the emerging future technology for the optoelectronics devices. Recently, it has attracted a considerable attention from the research community due to its prodigious commercial applications. Herein, we report highly flexible and transparent ultraviolet photosensors based on indium doped tin oxide nanobelts with enhanced photosensitivity and recovery speed at the same time, as compared to the pure SnO2 nanobelts. The opto-electronics properties of the nanobelts photosensors have been found in strong relation with indium doping concentration and the grain size of the nanobelts...
June 13, 2017: Nanotechnology
Shirmir D Branch, Amanda M Lines, John Lynch, Job M Bello, William R Heineman, Samuel A Bryan
A novel microfabricated optically transparent thin film electrode chip for fluorescence and absorption spectroelectrochemistry has been developed. The working electrode was composed of indium tin oxide (ITO); the quasi-reference and auxiliary electrodes were composed of platinum. The stability of the platinum quasi-reference electrode was improved by coating it with a planar, solid state Ag/AgCl layer. The Ag/AgCl reference was characterized with scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy...
June 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Xiaoge Liu, Ju-Hyung Kang, Hongtao Yuan, Junghyun Park, Soo Jin Kim, Yi Cui, Harold Y Hwang, Mark L Brongersma
Surface plasmon (SP) excitations in metals facilitate confinement of light into deep-subwavelength volumes and can induce strong light-matter interaction. Generally, the SP resonances supported by noble metal nanostructures are explained well by classical models, at least until the nanostructure size is decreased to a few nanometres, approaching the Fermi wavelength λF of the electrons. Although there is a long history of reports on quantum size effects in the plasmonic response of nanometre-sized metal particles, systematic experimental studies have been hindered by inhomogeneous broadening in ensemble measurements, as well as imperfect control over size, shape, faceting, surface reconstructions, contamination, charging effects and surface roughness in single-particle measurements...
June 12, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
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