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laparoscopic appendectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143092/laparoscopic-appendectomy-minimally-invasive-surgery-training-improves-outcomes-in-basic-laparoscopic-procedures
#1
Katherine D Gray, Joshua G Burshtein, Lama Obeid, Maureen D Moore, Gregory Dakin, Alfons Pomp, Cheguevara Afaneh
BACKGROUND: To determine whether minimally invasive surgery (MIS) training improves outcomes in laparoscopic appendectomy, a procedure that is commonly performed in general surgery training. METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of all patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for suspected acute appendicitis between 2014 and 2015 at a single-center, tertiary-care academic institution. Patients operated on by MIS-trained surgeons (MIS group) were compared to those operated on by general surgeons (GS group)...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134308/appendicitis-rural-patient-status-is-associated-with-increased-duration-of-prehospital-symptoms-and-worse-outcomes-in-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#2
Matthew C Hernandez, Eric Finnesgaard, Johnathon M Aho, Victor Y Kong, John L Bruce, Stephanie F Polites, Grant L Laing, Damian L Clarke, Martin D Zielinski
INTRODUCTION: Appendicitis is a significant economic and healthcare burden in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. We aimed to determine whether urban and rural patient status would affect outcomes in appendicitis in a combined population regardless of country of economic status. We hypothesize that patients from rural areas and both high- and low-middle-income countries would have disproportionate outcomes and duration of symptoms compared to their urban counterparts. METHODS: Adults (≥18 years) with appendicitis during 2010-2016 in South Africa and USA were reviewed using multi-institutional data...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130739/trans-umbilical-laparoscopic-assisted-appendectomy-in-the-pediatric-population-comparing-single-incision-and-2-trocar-techniques
#3
Mariana Borges-Dias, Leonor Carmo, Ruben Lamas-Pinheiro, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, José Estevão-Costa
INTRODUCTION: Trans-umbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (TULAA) combines advantages of open surgery with benefits of laparoscopy and can be performed either by single-incision or with two trocars; the present study aims to compare outcomes and cost of these techniques in a pediatric serie. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients undergoing TULAA between July 2013 and June 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. There were two groups: A (single-incision) - one umbilical trocar for a telescope with inbuilt working channel; and B (2-trocar) - one umbilical trocar for a 'standard' telescope plus a supra-pubic trocar for instruments...
November 13, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127919/a-case-report-of-a-de-garengeot-hernia-in-a-nonagenarian-veteran
#4
Luis R Taveras, Sergio Huerta
INTRODUCTION: A hernia containing the vermiform appendix [de Garengeot hernia (DGH)] is an exceedingly rare event. Appendicitis occurring in this setting if further unusual. Most cases of DGH are made during inguinal exploration. In the present report, we discuss a patient who underwent an operation which revealed a DGH with appendicitis. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: A 94-year-old man with a past medical history significant for hypertension and Parkinson's disease was admitted to the hospital for the management of an event of CHF exacerbation...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114698/efficacy-of-emergency-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-treating-complicated-appendicitis-for-elderly-patients
#5
Tian-Chong Wu, Qiao Lu, Zhi-Yong Huang, Xio-Hui Liang
To assess the therapeutic effects of emergency laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) in treating complicated appendicitis (CA) for elderly patients (defined as age 65 years and above). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 115 elderly patients with CA who underwent surgical therapy in the Affiliated Huizhou Hospital of Sun Yat-Sun University, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China between September 2014 and August 2016. Of these, 59 patients consented to open appendectomy (OA), and LA was performed in the other 56 patients...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106922/measuring-anatomic-severity-in-pediatric-appendicitis-validation-of-the-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-appendicitis-severity-grade
#6
Matthew C Hernandez, Stephanie F Polites, Johnathon M Aho, Nadeem N Haddad, Victor Y Kong, Humza Saleem, John L Bruce, Grant L Laing, Damian L Clarke, Martin D Zielinski
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grading system accurately corresponds with appendicitis outcomes in a US pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: This single-institution retrospective review included patients <18 years of age (n = 331) who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis from 2008 to 2012. Demographic, clinical, procedural, and follow-up data (primary outcome was measured as Clavien-Dindo grade of complication severity) were abstracted...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103787/a-prospective-same-day-discharge-protocol-for-pediatric-appendicitis-adding-value-to-a-common-surgical-condition
#7
Yangyang R Yu, Carolyn M Smith, Kimberly K Ceyanes, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Sohail R Shah, Adam M Vogel, Kathleen E Carberry, Jed G Nuchtern, Monica E Lopez
PURPOSE: Standardized clinical pathways for simple appendicitis decrease length of stay and result in cost savings. We performed a prospective cohort study to assess a same day discharge (SDD) protocol for children with simple appendicitis. METHODS: All children undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy for simple appendicitis after protocol implementation (February 2016 to January 2017) were assessed. Length of stay (LOS), 30-day resource utilization (ED visits and hospital readmissions), patient satisfaction, and hospital accounting costs for SDD were compared to non-SDD patients...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103784/expanding-the-inclusion-criteria-for-nonoperative-management-of-uncomplicated-appendicitis-outcomes-and-cost
#8
Steven L Lee, Lara Spence, Kyle Mock, James X Wu, Huan Yan, Daniel A DeUgarte
BACKGROUND: Carefully selected children with early appendicitis may be managed nonoperatively. However, it is unknown whether nonoperative management (NOM) is applicable to all patients with uncomplicated appendicitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of NOM of uncomplicated appendicitis with expanded inclusion criteria. METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized patient-preference study comparing NOM versus laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) was performed in children with radiographic/clinical evidence of uncomplicated appendicitis...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101666/laparoscopic-appendectomy-vs-antibiotic-therapy-for-acute-appendicitis-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#9
Gaetano Poillucci, Lorenzo Mortola, Mauro Podda, Salomone Di Saverio, Laura Casula, Chiara Gerardi, Nicola Cillara, Luigi Presenti
Acute appendicitis (AA) is among the most common causes of acute lower abdominal pain leading patients to the emergency department. Significant debate remains on whether AA should be operated or not. A propensity score-matched analysis was performed in seven Italian Hospitals, with the aim to assess safety and feasibility both nonoperative management with antibiotics (AT) and surgical therapy with appendectomy (ST) for patients with AA. Data regarding all patients discharged from the participating centers with a diagnosis of appendicitis from January 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2014 were collected retrospectively...
November 3, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098432/the-influence-of-the-different-forms-of-appendix-base-closure-on-patient-outcome-in-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-randomized-trial
#10
Samir Delibegović, Zlatan Mehmedovic
BACKGROUND: During laparoscopic appendectomy, the base of the appendix is usually secured by loop ligature or stapling device. Hem-o-lok and DS clips have been shown as alternative techniques. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of various forms of securing the base of the appendix, in order to find the most suitable method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 120 patients with acute appendicitis randomly divided into four groups with 30 patients in each...
November 2, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098385/incidental-appendectomy-during-robotic-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-safe-and-worth-to-perform
#11
C Hüttenbrink, G Hatiboglu, T Simpfendörfer, J P Radtke, R Becker, D Teber, B Hadaschik, S Pahernik, M Hohenfellner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and patients' benefit of incidental appendectomy during robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP). METHODS: Fifty-three patients, who had incidental appendectomy during RALRP between January 2012 and March 2014, were enrolled to this study. To evaluate the safety of the procedure, following parameters were evaluated: patient age, duration of surgery, perioperative complications (classified by Clavien-Dindo), time to bowel movement, and length of hospital stay...
November 2, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079020/outpatient-laparoscopic-appendectomy-can-be-successfully-performed-for-uncomplicated-appendicitis-a-southwestern-surgical-congress-multicenter-trial
#12
R Frazee, C C Burlew, J Regner, R McIntyre, E Peltz, C Cribari, J Dunn, L Butler, P Reckard, S Dissanaike, K Karimi, C Behnfield, N Melo, D Margulies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068764/in-pursuit-of-the-most-cost-effective-pediatric-laparoscopic-appendectomy-the-effect-of-disposable-instrument-choice-on-operative-time-and-surgeon-controllable-cost
#13
Emily E Abbott, Jonathan C Chan, Judith Boura, Nathan M Novotny
BACKGROUND: There is a movement toward cost savings in healthcare worldwide. Surgeons can affect two main cost variables in an operation (controllable cost): disposables and time. Our hypothesis is that increasing disposable costs do not change outcome or operative time, but simply increases controllable cost. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients younger than the age of 18 years undergoing laparoscopic appendectomies for nonperforated appendicitis from January 2013 to November 2016...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058569/surgical-site-infections-after-appendectomy-performed-in-low-and-middle-human-development-index-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Deshka Foster, Will Kethman, Lawrence Z Cai, Thomas G Weiser, Joseph D Forrester
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is a common surgical emergency worldwide. Early intervention is associated with better outcomes. In low and middle Human Development-Index Countries (LMHDICs), late presentation and poor access to healthcare facilities can contribute to greater illness severity and higher complication rates, such as post-operative surgical site infections (SSIs). The current rate of SSIs post-appendectomy in low- and middle-index settings has yet to be described. METHODS: We performed a systemic review of the literature describing the incidence and management of SSIs after appendectomy in LMHDICs...
October 23, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056133/polymeric-clips-for-stump-closure-in-laparoscopic-appendectomy
#15
Alper Parlakgumus, Ali Ezer
Many different techniques are used to perform laparoscopic appendectomy in terms of locations of trocars and closure of the appendiceal stump. They include mechanical endostaplers, endoligature, metal clips, bipolar endocoagulation, polymeric clips and intracorporeal sutures. The method of choice for appendiceal stump closure should be inexpensive and easy to perform. Non-absorbable polymer clips is an acceptable option for this purpose. Polymeric clips provide considerable cost savings as compared with endoscopic staplers, and are easy to apply in comparison to suture ligature techniques...
October 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054445/endostapler-versus-hem-o-lok-clip-to-secure-the-appendiceal-stump-and-mesoappendix-during-laparoscopic-appendectomy
#16
Mohammed H Al-Temimi, Mendy A Berglin, Edwin G Kim, Deron J Tessier, Samir D Johna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043693/-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscesses-six-years-experience-in-a-pediatric-surgery-department
#17
A Coelho, C Sousa, A S Marinho, J Barbosa-Sequeira, M Recaman, F Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: Post-appendectomy intra-abdominal abscesses are estimated to complicate up to 4.2% of acute non-perforated appendicitis and between 6.7% and 28% acute perforated appendicitis. This study was performed with the aim to review and characterize post-appendectomy intra-abdominal abscesses in our Pediatric Surgery department; to calculate their incidence and to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment modality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients, under 18 years and with the diagnosis of intra-abdominal abscess post-appendectomy, between January 2010 and December 2015 was performed, taking in account initial surgical approach, type of acute appendicitis, length of hospital stay and the treatment applied...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042008/risky-business-investigating-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-urgent-laparoscopic-appendectomy-on-antithrombotic-therapy
#18
Christopher Pearcy, Khalid Almahmoud, Theresa Jackson, Cassie Hartline, Anthony Cahill, Lara Spence, Dennis Kim, Oluwabukola Olatubosun, S Rob Todd, Eric M Campion, Clay Cothren Burlew, Justin Regner, Richard Frazee, David Michaels, Sharmila Dissanaike, Collin Stewart, Neal Foley, Paul Nelson, Vaidehi Agrawal, Michael S Truitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033775/preoperative-diagnosis-and-surgical-approach-of-appendiceal-mucinous-cystadenoma-usefulness-of-volcano-sign
#19
Masahiro Shiihara, Takeshi Ohki, Masakazu Yamamoto
We report a case of appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma that was successfully diagnosed preoperatively and treated by laparoscopic resection. We could find volcano sign on colonoscopy and cystic lesion without any nodules at the appendix on computed tomography (CT). Without any malignant factors in preoperative examinations, we performed laparoscopic appendectomy including the cecal wall. We could avoid performing excessive operation for cystadenoma with accurate preoperative diagnosis and intraoperative finding and pathological diagnosis during surgery...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026959/effects-of-timing-of-appendectomy-on-the-risks-of-perforation-and-postoperative-complications-of-acute-appendicitis
#20
Jong Wan Kim, Dong Woo Shin, Doo Jin Kim, Jeong Yeon Kim, Sung Gil Park, Jun Ho Park
BACKGROUND: It is generally believed that appendectomy should be performed immediately to prevent perforation and complications. Therefore, our objectives were to investigate the effect of timing of appendectomy on the incidence of perforation and complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy between January 2014 and June 2015. The time from symptom onset to appendectomy was categorized into three periods: time from symptom onset to hospital admission (symptomatic time), time from admission to appendectomy (hospitalization time), and time from symptom onset to appendectomy [symptomatic period + hospitalization period (overall time)]...
October 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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