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Shoulder, Spine, manual therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26471852/effects-of-stretching-and-strengthening-exercises-with-and-without-manual-therapy-on-scapular-kinematics-function-and-pain-in-individuals-with-shoulder-impingement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paula R Camargo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Mariana A Avila, Melina N Haik, Amilton Vieira, Tania F Salvini
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an exercise protocol, with and without manual therapy, on scapular kinematics, function, pain, and mechanical sensitivity in individuals with shoulder impingement syndrome. BACKGROUND: Stretching and strengthening exercises have been shown to effectively decrease pain and disability in individuals with shoulder impingement syndrome. There is still conflicting evidence regarding the efficacy of adding manual therapy to an exercise therapy regimen...
December 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26309384/regional-interdependence-and-manual-therapy-directed-at-the-thoracic-spine
#2
Amy McDevitt, Jodi Young, Paul Mintken, Josh Cleland
Thoracic spine manipulation is commonly used by physical therapists for the management of patients with upper quarter pain syndromes. The theoretical construct for using thoracic manipulation for upper quarter conditions is a mainstay of a regional interdependence (RI) approach. The RI concept is likely much more complex and is perhaps driven by a neurophysiological response including those related to peripheral, spinal cord and supraspinal mechanisms. Recent evidence suggests that thoracic spine manipulation results in neurophysiological changes, which may lead to improved pain and outcomes in individuals with musculoskeletal disorders...
July 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25792906/effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-in-patients-with-tension-type-headache-literature-review
#3
Gemma Victoria Espí-López, Anna Arnal-Gómez, Teresa Arbós-Berenguer, Ángel Arturo López González, Teófila Vicente-Herrero
BACKGROUND: Tension-type headache (TTH) is a disease with a great incidence on quality of life and with a significant socioeconomic impact. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to determine the effectiveness of physical therapy by using manual therapy (MT) for the relief of TTH. DATA SOURCES: A review was done identifying randomized controlled trials through searches in MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane and CINAHL (January 2002 - April 2012). STUDY SELECTION: English-language studies, with adult patients and number of subjects not under 11, diagnosed with episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) were included...
2014: Journal of the Japanese Physical Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24816502/use-of-thoracic-spine-thrust-manipulation-for-neck-pain-and-headache-in-a-patient-following-multiple-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-case-report
#4
Renata Salvatori, Robert H Rowe, Raine Osborne, Jason M Beneciuk
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Thoracic spine thrust manipulation has been shown to be an effective intervention for individuals experiencing mechanical neck pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 46-year-old woman referred to outpatient physical therapy 2 months following multiple-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. At initial evaluation, primary symptoms consisted of frequent headaches, neck pain, intermittent referred right elbow pain, and muscle fatigue localized to the right cervical and upper thoracic spine regions...
June 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24175610/middle-and-lower-trapezius-strengthening-for-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylalgia-a-case-report
#5
Jiten B Bhatt, Randal Glaser, Andre Chavez, Emmanuel Yung
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Addressing weakness of the shoulder region, especially the rotator cuff and scapular musculature, is often suggested clinically for the treatment of individuals with lateral epicondylalgia. However, to our knowledge, the clinical effectiveness of this approach has not been established. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 54-year-old woman with a 5-month history of right lateral elbow pain, whose symptoms were reproduced with clinical tests typically used to diagnose lateral elbow tendinopathy...
November 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23791561/the-addition-of-cervical-unilateral-posterior-anterior-mobilisation-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chad Cook, Ken Learman, Steve Houghton, Christopher Showalter, Bryan O'Halloran
Shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) is a complex, multi-factorial problem that is treated with a variety of different conservative options. One conservative option that has shown effectiveness is manual therapy to the thoracic spine. Another option, manual therapy to the cervical spine, has been studied only once with good results, evaluating short-term outcomes, in a small sample size. The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefit of neck manual therapy for patients with SIS. The study was a randomised, single blinded, clinical trial where both groups received pragmatic, evidence-based treatment to the shoulder and one group received neck manual therapy...
February 2014: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23687006/rehabilitation-of-scapular-dyskinesis-from-the-office-worker-to-the-elite-overhead-athlete
#7
REVIEW
Ann M J Cools, Filip Struyf, Kristof De Mey, Annelies Maenhout, Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie
The scapula functions as a bridge between the shoulder complex and the cervical spine and plays a very important role in providing both mobility and stability of the neck/shoulder region. The association between abnormal scapular positions and motions and glenohumeral joint pathology has been well established in the literature, whereas studies investigating the relationship between neck pain and scapular dysfunction have only recently begun to emerge. Although several authors have emphasised the relevance of restoring normal scapular kinematics through exercise and manual therapy techniques, overall scapular rehabilitation guidelines decent for both patients with shoulder pain as well as patients with neck problems are lacking...
April 2014: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23372391/use-of-thoracic-spine-manipulation-in-the-treatment-of-adhesive-capsulitis-a-case-report
#8
Joshua R McCormack
Adhesive capsulitis (AC) is a common and disabling shoulder condition seen in physical therapy, and there is no clear consensus as to the best treatment approach. Recently there has been emerging evidence that manual therapy directed at the thoracic spine may be beneficial for patients with shoulder pain; however, this has not been examined specifically in patients with AC. The purpose of this paper is to present the case of 59-year-old female referred to physical therapy with a diagnosis of AC. The patient presented with complaints of left shoulder pain and significant limitations in range of motion (ROM) and upper extremity function...
February 2012: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23115473/clinical-presentation-and-manual-therapy-for-upper-quadrant-musculoskeletal-conditions
#9
Ana Isabel de-la-Llave-Rincón, Emilio J Puentedura, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
In recent years, increased knowledge of the pathogenesis of upper quadrant pain syndromes has translated to better management strategies. Recent studies have demonstrated evidence of peripheral and central sensitization mechanisms in different local pain syndromes of the upper quadrant such as idiopathic neck pain, lateral epicondylalgia, whiplash-associated disorders, shoulder impingement, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Therefore, a treatment-based classification approach where subjects receive matched interventions has been developed and, it has been found that these patients experience better outcomes than those receiving non-matched interventions...
November 2011: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23000348/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-hip-a-case-report-an-entity-in-question
#10
Rebecca Lowe
Very little has been discussed in the medical literature concerning adhesive capsulitis of the hip (ACH). There are no articles to date in the physical therapy literature regarding ACH and only a dozen or so in medical journals. Evidence suggests ACH may present in a similar progression through four stages as adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (ACS) (from synovial inflammation to capsular fibrosis). Consensus does not exist for management of ACS or ACH. However, most clinicians agree that treatment should be guided by the stage of the disorder, whether medically, surgically, or through physical therapy...
December 2013: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22311292/evaluation-and-management-of-scapular-dysfunction
#11
REVIEW
Philip McClure, Elliot Greenberg, Stephen Kareha
The scapula plays an important role in shoulder function and requires both significant mobility and stability. Normal motion is 3-dimensional, and during arm elevation consists of upward rotation, posterior tilting, and external rotation as well as clavicular elevation and retraction. Examination should include visual observation, symptom alterations tests, testing of muscle strength, and flexibility of key structures including the pectoralis minor, posterior shoulder and thoracic spine. Treatment consists of graded resistive exercise, neuromuscular retraining, stretching, manual therapy, and taping where necessary...
March 2012: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22030329/manual-physical-therapy-for-injection-confirmed-nonacute-acromioclavicular-joint-pain
#12
Kevin D Harris, Gail D Deyle, Norman W Gill, Robert R Howes
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective single-cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine and document changes in pain and disability in patients with primary, nonacute acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) pain treated with a manual therapy approach. BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, there are no published studies on the physical therapy management of nonacute ACJ pain. Manual physical therapy has been successful in the treatment of other shoulder conditions. METHODS: The chief inclusion criterion was greater than 50% pain relief with an ACJ diagnostic injection...
February 2012: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21885905/neck-pain-manipulating-the-upper-back-helps-lessen-pain-and-improve-neck-motion
#13
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Neck pain is very common. In the United States, between 30% and 50% of people suffer from an aching neck each year. Although neck pain can be caused by injury, most of this pain results from more gradual stresses, such as particular sitting, standing, or work postures, lifting patterns, or sleeping positions. Typical neck pain can also cause headaches, pain between your shoulders, or a feeling of knots in your neck and upper back muscles. Although manual therapy, sometimes called "manipulation," is a common treatment for many types of spine pain, some people are uncomfortable having their necks manipulated...
September 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20977379/resolution-of-whiplash-associated-allodynia-following-cervicothoracic-thrust-and-non-thrust-manipulation
#14
Carina D Lowry, Michael A O'Hearn, Carol A Courtney
Whiplash injuries of the cervical spine comprise 30% of injuries reported following motor vehicle accident (MVA) and often progress to chronic painful conditions. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a 37-year-old female referred to physical therapy with neck and shoulder pain after whiplash injury. The patient demonstrated limited cervical and shoulder active range of motion as well as quantitative sensory testing (QST) results consistent with central nervous system sensitization...
August 2011: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20710088/comprehensive-impairment-based-exercise-and-manual-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-case-series
#15
Angela R Tate, Philip W McClure, Ian A Young, Renata Salvatori, Lori A Michener
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. BACKGROUND: Few studies have defined the dosage and specific techniques of manual therapy and exercise for rehabilitation for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. This case series describes a standardized treatment program for subacromial impingement syndrome and the time course and outcomes over a 12-week period. CASE DESCRIPTION: Ten patients (age range, 19-70 years) with subacromial impingement syndrome defined by inclusion and exclusion criteria were treated with a standardized protocol for 10 visits over 6 to 8 weeks...
August 2010: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20140154/the-immediate-effects-of-thoracic-spine-and-rib-manipulation-on-subjects-with-primary-complaints-of-shoulder-pain
#16
Joseph B Strunce, Michael J Walker, Robert E Boyles, Brian A Young
Shoulder pain is a common orthopedic condition seen by physical therapists, with many potential contributing factors and proposed treatments. Although manual physical therapy interventions for the cervicothoracic spine and ribs have been investigated for this patient population, the specific effects of these treatments have not been reported. The purpose of this investigational study is to report the immediate effects of thoracic spine and rib manipulation in patients with primary complaints of shoulder pain...
2009: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19651269/associations-between-treatment-processes-patient-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-outpatient-physical-therapy-practice
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniel Deutscher, Susan D Horn, Ruth Dickstein, Dennis L Hart, Randall J Smout, Moshe Gutvirtz, Ilana Ariel
OBJECTIVE: To identify how treatment processes are related to functional outcomes for patients seeking treatment for musculoskeletal impairments while controlling for demographic and health characteristics at intake. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study. Treatment processes were not altered. Data were collected continuously from June 2005 to January 2008. Descriptive statistics were applied to compare patient characteristics, interventions, and outcomes between impairment categories...
August 2009: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18810186/the-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-a-protocol-of-treatment
#18
K F Smith
A protocol of treatment for the physical therapy management of the thoracic outlet syndrome has been established at Amsterdam Memorial Hospital, Amsterdam, New York. Certain orthopaedic manual therapy procedures are utilized to increase the mobility of specific areas of the patient's shoulder girdle, upper thorax, and if indicated, the cervical and upper thoracic spine. Previous training in orthopedic manual therapy is a prerequisite to employing this approach to the treatment of the thoracic outlet syndrome...
1979: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18796982/intrarater-and-interrater-reliability-of-strength-measurements-of-the-biceps-and-deltoid-using-a-hand-held-dynamometer
#19
N N Byl, S Richards, J Asturias
This study reports the intrarater and interrater reliability of measurements for elbow flexion (biceps) and shoulder abduction (deltoid) in 27 normal subjects. Testing was done by two physical therapy examiners. For each muscle group tested, the first series of three tests were administered according to the general guidelines described in the dynamometer administration manual and then repeated with increased stabilization procedures (i.e., examiner elbow stabilized against the anterior superior spine). Intrarater and interrater reliability were highest when tested with the examiner elbow stabilized...
1988: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18703377/the-short-term-effects-of-thoracic-spine-thrust-manipulation-on-patients-with-shoulder-impingement-syndrome
#20
Robert E Boyles, Bradley M Ritland, Brian M Miracle, Daniel M Barclay, Mary S Faul, Josef H Moore, Shane L Koppenhaver, Robert S Wainner
The study was an exploratory, one group pretest/post-test study, with the objective of investigating the short-term effects of thoracic spine thrust manipulations (TSTMs) on patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). There is evidence that manual physical therapy that includes TSTM and non-thrust manipulation and exercise is effective for the treatment of patients with SIS. However, the relative contributions of specific manual therapy interventions are not known. To date, no published studies address the short-term effects of TSTM in the treatment of SIS...
August 2009: Manual Therapy
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