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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335111/changing-patterns-in-vertebral-artery-injuries-diagnosis-and-management-winner-of-jose-pepe-alvarez-md-resident-award
#1
Esther Mihindu, James Dennis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334341/large-scale-evaluation-of-association-between-pheromone-trap-captures-and-cotton-boll-infestation-for-pink-bollworm-lepidoptera-gelechiidae
#2
Yves Carrière, Larry Antilla, Leighton Liesner, Bruce E Tabashnik
Although transgenic cotton producing insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a cornerstone for pink bollworm control in some countries, integrated pest management remains important for bolstering sustainability of Bt cotton and is critical for controlling pink bollworm where Bt cotton is not available or where this pest has evolved resistance to Bt cotton. Here, we used data on moth captures in gossyplure-baited pheromone traps and boll infestations for 163 Bt and 152 non-Bt cotton fields from Arizona to evaluate accuracy of chemical control decisions relying on moth trapping data and capacity of Bt cotton to suppress survival of offspring produced by moths...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334153/efficacy-of-insect-growth-regulators-and-diamide-insecticides-for-control-of-stem-borers-lepidoptera-crambidae-in-sugarcane
#3
B E Wilson, M T VanWeelden, J M Beuzelin, T E Reagan, J A Prado
Field experiments assessed control of the stem borers, Diatraea saccharalis (F.) and Eoreuma loftini (Dyar), in sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) with selected insect growth regulators and diamide insecticides. Tebufenozide, novaluron, chlorantraniliprole, and flubendiamide were evaluated for D. saccharalis control in four field experiments in Louisiana between 2009 and 2014. Aerial application of the same insecticides was evaluated for control of E. loftini in commercial sugarcane fields in southern Texas in 2012 and 2015...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334106/economic-injury-level-and-demography-based-control-timing-projection-of-spodoptera-litura-lepidoptera-noctuidae-at-different-growth-stages-of-arachis-hypogaea
#4
Shu-Jen Tuan, Chung-Chieh Lee, Li-Chen Tang, Pavel Saska
Spodoptera litura (F.), one of the most devastating pests in many Asian countries, is normally controlled by relying on chemical insecticides. To encourage an integrated pest management approach, we determined the economic injury level (EIL) for S. litura on peanut, Arachis hypogaea L., by larval infestation with late instars at different crop growth stages. The cumulative consumption rate of the fifth- and sixth-instars was used as the relative unit for the "Spodoptera injury equivalent" (SIE). The yield of marketable pods significantly decreased from 6...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333829/acute-traumatic-coagulopathy-the-elephant-in-a-room-of-blind-scientists
#5
Michael A Meledeo, Maryanne C Herzig, James A Bynum, Xiaowu Wu, Anand K Ramasubramanian, Daniel N Darlington, Kristin M Reddoch, Andrew P Cap
Acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) is the failure of coagulation homeostasis that can rapidly arise following traumatic injury, hemorrhage, and shock; it is associated with higher injury severity, coagulation abnormalities, and increased blood transfusions. ATC has historically been defined by a prolonged prothrombin time (PT), although newer, more informative measurements of hemostatic function have been employed to improve diagnosis and support clinical decision making. The underlying biochemical mechanisms of and best practice therapeutics for ATC remain under active investigation because of its significant correlation to poor outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332921/leaving-the-skin-incision-open-may-not-be-as-beneficial-as-we-have-been-taught
#6
Jack C He, Brenda M Zosa, David Schechtman, Brian Brajcich, Jonathan C Savakus, Amanda L Wojahn, Derek Z Wang, Jeffrey A Claridge
BACKGROUND: Currently, various methods of skin closures are used in contaminated and dirty abdominal wounds without solid, evidence-based guidance. This study investigates whether closure methods affect surgical site infection (SSI) and other incisional complications. We hypothesize that open management of the skin would have the lowest complications, including SSI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients age ≥18 who underwent trauma laparotomy (TL) or damage control laparotomy (DCL) from 2008-2013 and had class III/IV wounds were included...
March 23, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332306/impact-of-iatrogenic-iron-overload-on-the-course-of-hepatitis-c-in-dialysis-population-a-plea-for-caution
#7
Guy Rostoker, Nosratola D Vaziri
About 2.5% of the world population, corresponding to about 177 million individuals, are infected by hepatitis C virus (HCV), a small, single-stranded RNA virus. The prevalence of HCV infection among dialysis patients in Japan, Europe, and North America during the 2012 to 2015 period was found to be 8.7% in the DOPPS study. Nosocomial HCV spread in hemodialysis facilities still occurs. Increased hepatic tissue iron has been shown to play a deleterious role in the course of hepatitis C, favor development of fibrosis and cirrhosis and possibly increase the risk of liver cancer in the general population...
March 23, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331902/cold-snare-polypectomy-for-non-pedunculated-colon-polyps-greater-than-1%C3%A2-cm
#8
Cyrus Piraka, Ahmed Saeed, Akbar K Waljee, Ajish Pillai, Ryan Stidham, B Joseph Elmunzer
Background and study aims Colonic polyps > 1 cm in size are commonly managed using hot polypectomy techniques. The most frequent adverse events (delayed bleeding, post-polypectomy syndrome, and perforation) are related to electrocautery-induced injury. We hypothesized that cold resection of large polyps may have similar efficacy and improved safety compared to hot polypectomy. Our aims were to evaluate efficacy and safety of piecemeal cold snare resection of colonic polyps > 1 cm. Patients and methods Patients undergoing lift and piecemeal cold snare polypectomy of non-pedunculated colon polyps > 1 cm from October 2013 to September 2015 were identified retrospectively...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331459/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-calvarium-following-bilateral-craniectomies-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Rafael A Vega, Leslie Hutchins
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is defined as ectopic bone formation following traumatic brain injury. Patients typically develop lesions in the hips, knees, and elbows that cause pain, restricted range of motion, nerve impingement, and pressure ulcers. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual presentation of HO in an 18-year-old male who was involved in a motor vehicle accident and subsequently developed malignant intracranial pressure. His HO developed following bilateral craniectomies in which 2 different dural substitutes were used...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331452/balloon-occlusion-technique-for-managing-portal-vein-hemorrhage-in-liver-transplantation
#10
John B Seal, Humberto Bohorquez, Naren Battula, Lucia DeGregorio, Emily Bugeaud, David S Bruce, Ian C Carmody, Ari J Cohen, George E Loss
BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is relatively common among candidates for liver transplantation and can present significant intraoperative challenges. Depending on the extent of PVT, thromboendovenectomy (TEV), portal bypass, or systemic inflow may be required to restore portal inflow. While TEV is the most commonly used approach to restore anatomic portal inflow, portal vein injury and life-threatening hemorrhage are risks with this technique. CASE REPORT: We present a salvage technique for managing portal vein injury during TEV using intraluminal balloon occlusion of the portal vein during portal vein repair and reconstruction...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331261/bilateral-traumatic-intracranial-hematomas-and-its-outcome-a-retrospective-study
#11
Sharad Pandey, Vivek Sharma, Kulwant Singh, Deepa Pandey, Mukesh Sharma, Deepak Bhanudas Patil, Neeraj Shende, Richa Singh Chauhan
The objective of this study was to evaluate the age distribution, mode of injury, type of hematomas, and their surgical outcome in patients with bilateral traumatic head injuries. The present study included 669 cases of traumatic head injury who presented at the neurosurgery emergency out of which 94 cases had bilateral head injuries from the period of August 2009 to April 2014. The data from the hospital computerized database were retrospectively analysed. Cases of bilateral traumatic head injury included 94 patients out of which 88...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331138/delayed-expression-of-circulating-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-bmp-2-levels-in-human-nonunion-long-bone-fracture-healing
#12
Yoshiaki Hara, Mohammad Ghazizadeh, Hajime Shimizu, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Saito, Takanori Yagi, Kazuki Mashiko, Kunihiro Mashiko, Makoto Kawai, Hiroyuki Yokota
BACKGROUND: The healing process of bone fracture requires a well-controlled multistage and sequential order beginning immediately after the injury. However, complications leading to nonunion exist, creating serious problems and costs for patients. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP-2) are two major growth factors involved in human bone fracture healing by promoting various stages of bone ossification. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of these factors during the fracture healing of human long bones and assess their impacts on nonunion condition...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331020/isolated-lower-limb-hypoplasia-secondary-to-congenital-varicella-syndrome-a-rare-occurrence-and-management-of-its-complications
#13
Sneha Mehta, Willem Schenk, Stephen Kirker, Amit Atrey
Isolated lower limb hypoplasia is a rare consequence of maternal congenital varicella syndrome (CVS). The hypoplastic limb is susceptible to multiple injuries, including fractures, especially if there is associated muscle weakness and lack of sensation. We describe a unique index case of a woman aged 26 years with a background of CVS who presented with a distal femur fracture following a fall onto her insensate, hypoplastic right leg. This report highlights the complexities involved in the diagnosis and management of fractures in patients with an anaesthetic limb, and in particular describes limb amputation as a successful treatment modality for distal femur fractures...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330802/orofacial-trauma-in-rural-india-a-clinical-study
#14
Sunita Malik, Gurdarshan Singh, Gagandeep Kaur, Sunil Yadav, Hitesh C Mittal
PURPOSE: Orofacial trauma is becoming a leading medical problem worldwide. Most of the studies pertaining to orofacial trauma have been done in urban areas but very little scientific literature is available for rural areas. METHODS: A prospective medical institute-based study of orofacial injury patients was carried out from May 2013 to April 2016 (36 Months). Data regarding incidence, age and sex distribution, causes, types and site of injury, treatment modalities and trauma associated complications were collected and analysed...
February 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330801/innocuous-cardiac-gunshot-that-proved-fatal-a-bitter-lesson-learned
#15
Biplab Mishra, Mohit Kumar Joshi, Subodh Kumar, Atin Kumar, Amit Gupta, Amulya Rattan, Sushma Sagar, Maneesh Singhal, Mahesh Chandra Misra
The management of hemodynamically normal patients with retained intra-pericardial foreign body remains a matter of conjecture. The available literature supports non-operative management of such innocuous foreign bodies. We report our experience of a hemodynamically normal patient with a retained intra-pericardial pellet from a firearm injury. He initially received successful non-operative management but developed fatal hemopericardium 21 days after injury. In this paper, we discussed the pitfalls in the management of such injuries in light of the available literature and summarized the clinical experience...
March 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330646/is-it-time-for-a-change-in-the-approach-to-chemical-burns-the-role-of-diphoterine-%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-cutaneous-and-ocular-chemical-injuries
#16
REVIEW
C J Lewis, A Al-Mousawi, A Jha, K P Allison
A multitude of household and occupational compounds have the potential to induce chemical burns to the eye and skin. Without prompt intervention, irreversible visual loss and disfigurement may prevail. Diphoterine(®) and Hexafluorine(®) are amphoteric and hypertonic chelating solutions used in the management of general chemical and hydrofluoric acid burns, respectively. They rapidly neutralise both acid and alkali agents without heat release and limit diffusion, making them superior to water irrigation alone...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330420/arthroplasty-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-14-year-trends-in-the-united-states
#17
William W Schairer, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Stephen Lyman, Lawrence V Gulotta
OBJECTIVES: Proximal humerus fractures are a common injury in the elderly population that can usually be managed non-operatively. However, arthroplasty has become increasingly utilized for complex fractures and poor bone quality. We evaluated national trends in treatment, specifically looking at the adoption of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: The incidence of proximal humerus fractures was calculated from the Nationwide Emergency Department Database (NEDD) from 2006-2012...
March 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329751/conservative-management-of-large-traumatic-supratentorial-epidural-hematoma-in-the-pediatric-population
#18
Pierre-Olivier Champagne, Kevin Xiaho He, Claude Mercier, Alexander G Weil, Louis Crevier
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Conservative management of traumatic epidural hematomas is being recognized as a safe alternative to surgical treatment in asymptomatic children. There is still debate about the maximal size of epidural hematoma that should be tolerated before deciding for surgery. METHODS: We report - through a retrospective cohort study from a single institution - a series of 16 conservatively managed traumatic epidural hematomas of more than 15 mm thickness. RESULTS: 14 patients (88%) were successfully treated using conservative management...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329578/localized-anagen-effluvium-and-cataract-development-following-an-extended-fluoroscopic-interventional-procedure
#19
Calida Danko, Jason Suszko, Nicole Fett
The skin and the eyes are prone to radiation-induced injury in fluoroscopic procedures. The degree of injury is related to various exposure and patient-related factors. We report a man who presented with an alopecic patch on the left occipital scalp following an extended fluoroscopically-guided endovascular procedure. He subsequently experienced complete hair regrowth, but was later diagnosed with a cataract in his left eye. To our knowledge this is the first report of both anagen effluvium and cataract development in a patient following fluoroscopic radiation exposure...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328870/the-effect-of-early-life-experience-environment-and-genetic-factors-on-spontaneous-home-cage-aggression-related-wounding-in-male-c57bl-6-mice
#20
Brianna N Gaskill, Aurora M Stottler, Joseph P Garner, Christina W Winnicker, Guy B Mulder, Kathleen R Pritchett-Corning
Aggression is a major welfare issue in mice, particularly when mice unfamiliar to each other are first placed in cages, as happens on receipt from a vendor, and following cage cleaning. Injuries from aggression are the second leading cause of unplanned euthanasia in mice, following ulcerative dermatitis. Commonly employed strategies for reducing aggression-related injury are largely anecdotal, and may even be counterproductive. Here we report a series of experiments testing potential explanations and interventions for post-shipping aggression-related injuries in C57BL/6 mice...
March 22, 2017: Lab Animal
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