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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480623/differences-in-emergency-ambulance-demand-between-older-adults-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-and-those-living-in-the-community-in-melbourne-australia
#1
Kate Cantwell, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith, Michael Livingston, Paul Dietze
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and temporal variation in ambulance service cases involving patients aged 65 years or older (older adults) from residential aged care facilities and those who are community dwelling (CD). METHODS: This study used four years of electronic case records from Ambulance Victoria in Melbourne, Australia. Trigonometric regression was used to analyse demand patterns. RESULTS: Residential aged care facility cases included proportionally more falls and infection-related problems and fewer circulatory-related incidents than CD cases...
May 7, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476117/time-series-modelling-to-forecast-prehospital-ems-demand-for-diabetic-emergencies
#2
Melanie Villani, Arul Earnest, Natalie Nanayakkara, Karen Smith, Barbora de Courten, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Acute diabetic emergencies are often managed by prehospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS). The projected growth in prevalence of diabetes is likely to result in rising demand for prehospital EMS that are already under pressure. The aims of this study were to model the temporal trends and provide forecasts of prehospital attendances for diabetic emergencies. METHODS: A time series analysis on monthly cases of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia was conducted using data from the Ambulance Victoria (AV) electronic database between 2009 and 2015...
May 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414588/prehospital-predictors-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-victoria-australia
#3
Alaa O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes Stoelwinder, James W Middleton, Shelley Cox, Lisa N Sharwood, Paul A Jennings
OBJECTIVES: To identify the predictors of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) and describe the differences between confirmed and potential TSCI cases in the prehospital setting. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all adult patients over a six-year period (2007-12) with potential TSCI who were attended and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV). We extracted potential TSCI cases from the AV data warehouse and linked with the Victorian State Trauma Registry to compare with final hospital diagnosis...
April 17, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357131/aquatic-therapy-for-boys-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-dmd-an-external-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Daniel Hind, James Parkin, Victoria Whitworth, Saleema Rex, Tracey Young, Lisa Hampson, Jennie Sheehan, Chin Maguire, Hannah Cantrill, Elaine Scott, Heather Epps, Marion Main, Michelle Geary, Heather McMurchie, Lindsey Pallant, Daniel Woods, Jennifer Freeman, Ellen Lee, Michelle Eagle, Tracey Willis, Francesco Muntoni, Peter Baxter
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) includes regular physiotherapy. There are no data to show whether adding aquatic therapy (AT) to land-based exercises helps maintain motor function. We assessed the feasibility of recruiting and collecting data from boys with DMD in a parallel-group pilot randomised trial (primary objective), also assessing how intervention and trial procedures work. METHODS: Ambulant boys with DMD aged 7-16 years established on steroids, with North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) score ≥8, who were able to complete a 10-m walk test without aids or assistance, were randomly allocated (1:1) to 6 months of either optimised land-based exercises 4 to 6 days/week, defined by local community physiotherapists, or the same 4 days/week plus AT 2 days/week...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347556/paramedic-intubation-experience-is-associated-with-successful-tube-placement-but-not-cardiac-arrest-survival
#5
Kylie Dyson, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard, Lahn Straney, Resmi Nair, Judith Finn
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Paramedic experience with intubation may be an important factor in skill performance and patient outcomes. Our objective is to examine the association between previous intubation experience and successful intubation. In a subcohort of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases, we also measure the association between patient survival and previous paramedic intubation experience. METHODS: We analyzed data from Ambulance Victoria electronic patient care records and the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry for January 1, 2008, to September 26, 2014...
March 25, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338606/dystrophic-cardiomyopathy-potential-role-of-calcium-in-pathogenesis-treatment-and-novel-therapies
#6
REVIEW
Victoria P A Johnstone, Helena M Viola, Livia C Hool
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by defects in the DMD gene and results in progressive wasting of skeletal and cardiac muscle due to an absence of functional dystrophin. Cardiomyopathy is prominent in DMD patients, and contributes significantly to mortality. This is particularly true following respiratory interventions that reduce death rate and increase ambulation and consequently cardiac load. Cardiomyopathy shows an increasing prevalence with age and disease progression, and over 95% of patients exhibit dilated cardiomyopathy by the time they reach adulthood...
March 24, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255744/framing-of-mobility-items-a-source-of-poor-agreement-between-preference-based-health-related-quality-of-life-instruments-in-a-population-of-individuals-receiving-assisted-ventilation
#7
Liam M Hannan, David G T Whitehurst, Stirling Bryan, Jeremy D Road, Christine F McDonald, David J Berlowitz, Mark E Howard
PURPOSE: To explore the influence of descriptive differences in items evaluating mobility on index scores generated from two generic preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. METHODS: The study examined cross-sectional data from a postal survey of individuals receiving assisted ventilation in two state/province-wide home mechanical ventilation services, one in British Columbia, Canada and the other in Victoria, Australia. The Assessment of Quality of Life 8-dimension (AQoL-8D) and the EQ-5D-5L were included in the data collection...
June 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137329/retrospective-analysis-of-patient-presentations-at-the-sydney-australia-royal-easter-show-from-2012-to-2014
#8
Nathan Crabtree, Shirley Mo, Leon Ong, Thuvarahan Jegathees, Daniel Wei, David Fahey, Jia Jenny Liu
Introduction Comprehensive studies on the relationship between patient demographics and subsequent treatment and disposition at a single mass-gathering event are lacking. The Sydney Royal Easter Show (SRES; Sydney Olympic Park, New South Wales, Australia) is an annual, 14-day, agricultural mass-gathering event occurring around the Easter weekend, attracting more than 800,000 patrons per year. In this study, patient records from the SRES were analyzed to examine relationships between weather, crowd size, day of week, and demographics on treatment and disposition...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842598/exploratory-analysis-of-real-personal-emergency-response-call-conversations-considerations-for-personal-emergency-response-spoken-dialogue-systems
#9
Victoria Young, Elizabeth Rochon, Alex Mihailidis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to derive data from real, recorded, personal emergency response call conversations to help improve the artificial intelligence and decision making capability of a spoken dialogue system in a smart personal emergency response system. The main study objectives were to: develop a model of personal emergency response; determine categories for the model's features; identify and calculate measures from call conversations (verbal ability, conversational structure, timing); and examine conversational patterns and relationships between measures and model features applicable for improving the system's ability to automatically identify call model categories and predict a target response...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821597/are-sociodemographic-characteristics-associated-with-spatial-variation-in-the-incidence-of-ohca-and-bystander-cpr-rates-a-population-based-observational-study-in-victoria-australia
#10
Lahn D Straney, Janet E Bray, Ben Beck, Stephen Bernard, Marijana Lijovic, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Rates of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been shown to vary considerably in Victoria. We examined the extent to which this variation could be explained by the sociodemographic and population health characteristics of the region. METHODS: Using the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry, we extracted OHCA cases occurring between 2011 and 2013. We restricted the calculation of bystander CPR rates to those arrests that were witnessed by a bystander...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753564/a-3-year-comparison-of-overdoses-treated-in-a-military-emergency-department-complications-admission-rates-and-health-care-resources-consumed
#11
Victoria J Ganem, Alejandra G Mora, Nina Nnamani, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Drug overdose has become a leading cause of death in the United States and is a growing issue in civilian and military populations. Increasing prescription drug misuse and poisonings translate into greater utilization of medical resources. Our objective was to describe the incidences of overdoses and their associated events and outcomes following emergency department consult. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on cases evaluated in 2 military hospital emergency departments over 3 years...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747560/the-epidemiology-of-pre-hospital-potential-spinal-cord-injuries-in-victoria-australia-a-six-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes U Stoelwinder, Shelley Cox, James W Middleton, Paul A Jennings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (TSCI) is relatively uncommon, yet a devastating and costly condition. Despite the human and social impacts, studies describing patients with potential TSCI in the pre-hospital setting are scarce. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of patients potentially at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI by paramedics, with a view to providing a better understanding of factors associated with potential TSCI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients managed and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV) between 01 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 who, based on meeting pre-hospital triage protocols and criteria for spinal clearance, paramedic suspicion or spinal immobilisation, were classified to be at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728958/description-of-the-ambulance-services-participating-in-the-aus-roc-australian-and-new-zealand-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-epistry
#13
Ben Beck, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Tony Walker, Hugh Grantham, Cindy Hein, Melanie Thorrowgood, Anthony Smith, Madoka Inoue, Tony Smith, Bridget Dicker, Andy Swain, Emma Bosley, Katherine Pemberton, Michael McKay, Malcolm Johnston-Leek, Peter Cameron, Gavin D Perkins, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe and examine similarities and differences in the current service provision and resuscitation protocols of the ambulance services participating in the Aus-ROC Australian and New Zealand out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) Epistry. Understanding these similarities and differences is important in identifying ambulance service factors that might explain regional variation in survival of OHCA in the Aus-ROC Epistry. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was completed by each of the ambulance services participating in the Aus-ROC Epistry...
December 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676972/characteristics-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-pen-and-paper-handwriting-and-correlation-with-ambulation-parameters
#14
Victoria Tchaikovski, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Nicolas Bayle, Caroline Radot
OBJECTIVE: Micrographia and bradygraphia are classic features of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the relevance of quantifying them in the clinical exam with pen and paper is unclear. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with PD (72±8 years, 8F; time since diagnosis 9.8±5.1 years; Hoehn and Yahr 2.5±0.6) and 26 age-matched healthy controls (HC, 71±16years, 8F) wrote three times the same standard sentence in the OFF state. We measured changes from sentence 1 (S1) to sentence 3 (S3), in writing speed (WS), sentence length (SL), heights of first and last Ps (H1P, H3P), mean inter-words interval (IWI) and ratio total inter-word interval/sentence length (TIWI/SL)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492449/a-profile-of-four-patterns-of-vulnerability-to-functional-decline-in-older-general-medicine-patients-in-victoria-australia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Lenore Beddoes-Ley, Damien Khaw, Maxine Duke, Mari Botti
BACKGROUND: There are limited published data reporting Australian hospitalized elders' vulnerability to functional decline to guide best practice interventions. The objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence of vulnerability to functional decline and explore profiles of vulnerability related to the performance of physical activity in a representative group of elders in a single centre in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients aged ≥ 70 years (Mean age 82...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439109/paramedic-attendance-to-older-patients-in-australia-and-the-prevalence-and-implications-of-psychosocial-issues
#16
Linda Ross, Paul Andrew Jennings, Karen Smith, Brett Williams
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the number and reasons for emergency paramedic attendances to older adults in Victoria, Australia. A second aim is to investigate the prevalence of psychosocial factors that may contribute to older patients requiring emergency paramedic attendance. METHODS: This descriptive retrospective study analyzed all emergency paramedic attendances to patients aged 65 or older between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2014 in Victoria, Australia...
January 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435013/characteristics-of-individuals-presenting-to-treatment-for-primary-alcohol-problems-versus-other-drug-problems-in-the-australian-patient-pathways-study
#17
Dan I Lubman, Joshua B B Garfield, Victoria Manning, Lynda Berends, David Best, Janette M Mugavin, Tina Lam, Penny Buykx, Andrew Larner, Belinda Lloyd, Robin Room, Steve Allsop
BACKGROUND: People seeking treatment for substance use disorders often have additional health and social issues. Although individuals presenting with alcohol as the primary drug of concern (PDOC) account for nearly half of all treatment episodes to the Australian alcohol and other drug (AOD) service system, previous treatment cohort studies have focused only on the profile of Australian heroin or methamphetamine users. While studies overseas indicate that clients seeking treatment primarily for their drinking are less likely to experience social and economic marginalisation than those seeking treatment primarily for illicit or pharmaceutical drug use, very little research has directly compared individuals presenting with alcohol as the PDOC to those primarily presenting with other drugs as their PDOC...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326756/latent-profile-analysis-of-regression-based-norms-demonstrates-relationship-of-compounding-ms-symptom-burden-and-negative-work-events
#18
Seth E Frndak, Audrey M Smerbeck, Lauren N Irwin, Allison S Drake, Victoria M Kordovski, Katrina A Kunker, Anjum L Khan, Ralph H B Benedict
OBJECTIVE: We endeavored to clarify how distinct co-occurring symptoms relate to the presence of negative work events in employed multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was utilized to elucidate common disability patterns by isolating patient subpopulations. METHOD: Samples of 272 employed MS patients and 209 healthy controls (HC) were administered neuroperformance tests of ambulation, hand dexterity, processing speed, and memory. Regression-based norms were created from the HC sample...
October 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165724/epidemiology-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-drowning-patients-attended-by-paramedics-in-victoria-australia
#19
Bernadette L Matthews, Emily Andrew, Robert Andronaco, Shelley Cox, Karen Smith
Drowning is a major cause of injury and death worldwide. This study aims to expand the evidence in fatal and non-fatal drowning. A retrospective study was conducted to investigate fatal and non-fatal drowning incidents attended by ambulance paramedics in Victoria (Australia) from 2007 to 2012. A total of 509 drowning incidents were identified, 339 (66.6%) were non-fatal, with 170 (33.4%) resulting in death. Children aged 0-4 years had the highest crude drowning rate (7.95 per 100,000 persons). Non-fatal incidents were more likely to be witnessed by a bystander when compared with fatal incidents (43...
May 11, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147481/the-epidemiology-of-pain-in-children-treated-by-paramedics
#20
Bill Lord, Paul A Jennings, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to describe paramedic assessment and management of pain in children in a large state-wide ambulance service. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study included paediatric patients (aged less than 15 years) treated and transported by paramedics in the Australian state of Victoria between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2011. Primary outcome measures were the frequency of analgesic administration and odds of receiving any analgesic (morphine, fentanyl or methoxyflurane)...
June 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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