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Pregnancy nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213594/brighter-children-the-association-between-seasonality-of-birth-and-child-iq-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#1
Nina H Grootendorst-van Mil, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Albert Hofman, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Season of birth has repeatedly been found to be a risk indicator for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Several explanations for this finding have been put forward but no conclusion has been reached. In the current study, we explored the role of sociodemographic and biological factors in the association between season of birth and child IQ. DESIGN: In a prenatally recruited birth cohort (born in 2002-2006), we examined the association between season of birth and non-verbal IQ at age 6 years among 6034 children...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212640/urinary-iodine-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-tianjin-china-an-observational-study
#2
Kunling Wang, Jie Zhang, Fengao Li, Wanqi Zhang, Hao Wang, Li Ding, Yaxin Liu, Laixiang Lin, Shuang Zhang, Mei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes and neurodevelopment disorders. Both iodine deficiency and excess are associated with SH; however, few data regarding iodine nutrition status of pregnant women with SH are available. This study aimed to clarify whether iodine deficiency or excess is associated with SH, especially, when test results for anti-thyroid autoantibodies are negative. METHODS: A total of 115 women with SH and 104 women with euthyroidism (EH) in early pregnancy in Tianjin, China were investigated, and their serum thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), anti-thyroid globulin antibody (TGAb), urinary iodine (UIC), and urinary creatinine (UCr) concentrations were measured...
February 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209774/methyl-donor-supplementation-alters-cognitive-performance-and-motivation-in-female-offspring-from-high-fat-diet-fed-dams
#3
Sarah E McKee, Nicola M Grissom, Christopher T Herdt, Teresa M Reyes
During gestation, fetal nutrition is entirely dependent on maternal diet. Maternal consumption of excess fat during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of neurologic disorders in offspring, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism, and schizophrenia. In a mouse model, high-fat diet (HFD)-fed offspring have cognitive and executive function deficits as well as whole-genome DNA and promoter-specific hypomethylation in multiple brain regions. Dietary methyl donor supplementation during pregnancy or adulthood has been used to alter DNA methylation and behavior...
February 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207425/evidence-based-interventions-for-improvement-of-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-low-income-settings-what-s-new
#4
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal and child malnutrition continues to disproportionately affect low and middle-income countries, contributing to high rates of morbidity, mortality, and suboptimal development. This article reviews evidence from recent systematic reviews and studies on the effectiveness of interventions to improve nutritional status in these especially vulnerable populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Macronutrients provided to expectant mothers in the form of balanced protein energy supplements can improve fetal growth and birth outcomes, and new research suggests that lipid nutrient supplements can reduce both stunting and wasting in newborns...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198164/influence-of-maternal-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-breast-milk-fatty-acid-composition-in-urban-low-income-families
#5
Uma Nayak, Suman Kanungo, Dadong Zhang, E Ross Colgate, Marya P Carmolli, Ayan Dey, Masud Alam, Byomkesh Manna, Ranjan Kumar Nandy, Deok Ryun Kim, Dilip Kumar Paul, Saugato Choudhury, Sushama Sahoo, William S Harris, Thomas F Wierzba, Tahmeed Ahmed, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Josyf C Mychaleckyj
The lipid composition of breast milk may have a significant impact on early infant growth and cognitive development. Comprehensive breast milk data is lacking from low-income populations in the Indian subcontinent impeding assessment of deficiencies and limiting development of maternal nutritional interventions. A single breast milk specimen was collected within 6 weeks postpartum from two low-income maternal cohorts of exclusively breastfed infants, from Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 683) and Kolkata, India (n = 372) and assayed for percentage composition of 26 fatty acids...
February 15, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196555/dohad-at-the-intersection-of-maternal-immune-activation-and-maternal-metabolic-stress-a-scoping-review
#6
J A Goldstein, S A Norris, D M Aronoff
The prenatal environment is now recognized as a key driver of non-communicable disease risk later in life. Within the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) paradigm, studies are increasingly identifying links between maternal morbidity during pregnancy and disease later in life for offspring. Nutrient restriction, metabolic disorders during gestation, such as diabetes or obesity, and maternal immune activation provoked by infection have been linked to adverse health outcomes for offspring later in life...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194199/health-beliefs-and-stages-of-changes-to-improve-behaviors-among-obese-and-overweight-women-undergoing-preconception-care
#7
Zahra Malverdy, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND: Beginning and continuing pregnancy with obesity and being overweight has some known side effects for the mother and the fetus. Preventing these complications requires medical interventions before pregnancy. Because designing health improvement interventions requires understanding of the related factors of the behavior, the aim of this study was to determine the relation between health beliefs of women regarding the risks of obesity for pregnancy and stages of behavioral changes in women under preconception care...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191262/maternal-intake-of-methyl-group-donors-affects-dna-methylation-of-metabolic-genes-in-infants
#8
Sara Pauwels, Manosij Ghosh, Radu Corneliu Duca, Bram Bekaert, Kathleen Freson, Inge Huybrechts, Sabine A S Langie, Gudrun Koppen, Roland Devlieger, Lode Godderis
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrition during pregnancy and infant nutrition in the early postnatal period (lactation) are critically involved in the development and health of the newborn infant. The Maternal Nutrition and Offspring's Epigenome (MANOE) study was set up to assess the effect of maternal methyl-group donor intake (choline, betaine, folate, methionine) on infant DNA methylation. Maternal intake of dietary methyl-group donors was assessed using a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190990/the-translation-of-lipid-profiles-to-nutritional-biomarkers-in-the-study-of-infant-metabolism
#9
Animesh Acharjee, Philippa Prentice, Carlo Acerini, James Smith, Ieuan A Hughes, Ken Ong, Julian L Griffin, David Dunger, Albert Koulman
INTRODUCTION: Links between early life exposures and later health outcomes may, in part, be due to nutritional programming in infancy. This hypothesis is supported by observed long-term benefits associated with breastfeeding, such as better cognitive development in childhood, and lower risks of obesity and high blood pressure in later life. However, the possible underlying mechanisms are expected to be complex and may be difficult to disentangle due to the lack of understanding of the metabolic processes that differentiate breastfed infants compared to those receiving just formula feed...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187344/evaluation-of-implementing-a-community-based-exercise-intervention-during-pregnancy
#10
Lene A H Haakstad, Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of a community-based exercise intervention (the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study) during pregnancy. DESIGN: descriptive, explorative. SETTING: healthcare clinics in southern Norway, including urban and rural settings. PARTICIPANTS: healthy, nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy of ≤20 gestational weeks, age ≥18 years and body mass index ≥19kg/m(2). METHODS: women were randomised to either twice-weekly supervised exercise sessions combined with nutritional counselling (n=303) or standard prenatal care (n=303)...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185404/consumption-of-dietary-supplements-by-chinese-women-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Li Tang, Andy H Lee, Kelvin K W Yau, Yer Van Hui, Colin W Binns
The objectives of this study were to investigate usage patterns and factors associated with maternal dietary supplementation by Chinese women. A prospective cohort study of 695 mothers, who gave birth to a singleton baby, was conducted in Jiangyou, Sichuan Province of China. Information on dietary supplement use was collected from participants by personal interview at hospital discharge and followed up by telephone at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum. Logistic regression analysis and generalised linear-mixed modelling were performed to determine factors affecting dietary supplementation during pregnancy and the first 6 months postpartum, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179222/associations-of-maternal-macronutrient-intake-during-pregnancy-with-infant-bmi-peak-characteristics-and-childhood-bmi
#12
Ling-Wei Chen, Izzuddin M Aris, Jonathan Y Bernard, Mya-Thway Tint, Marjorelee Colega, Peter D Gluckman, Kok Hian Tan, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Rob M van Dam, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Yung Seng Lee
Background: Infant body mass index (BMI) peak characteristics and early childhood BMI are emerging markers of future obesity and cardiometabolic disease risk, but little is known about their maternal nutritional determinants.Objective: We investigated the associations of maternal macronutrient intake with infant BMI peak characteristics and childhood BMI in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes study.Design: With the use of infant BMI data from birth to age 18 mo, infant BMI peak characteristics [age (in months) and magnitude (BMIpeak; in kg/m(2)) at peak and prepeak velocities] were derived from subject-specific BMI curves that were fitted with the use of mixed-effects model with a natural cubic spline function...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177566/what-characteristics-of-nutrition-and-physical-activity-interventions-are-key-to-effectively-reducing-weight-gain-in-obese-or-overweight-pregnant-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
SeonAe Yeo, Jennifer S Walker, Melissa C Caughey, Amanda M Ferraro, Josephine K Asafu-Adjey
: Lifestyle interventions targeting gestational weight gain (GWG) report varying degrees of success. To better understand factors influencing efficacy, we reviewed randomized trials specifically among obese and overweight pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 32 studies with a pooled population of 5,869 overweight or obese pregnant women. Random effects models were fit to compute the weighted mean difference (WMD) in GWG between groups across studies...
February 8, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177093/-pharmacological-and-nutritional-problems-in-pregnant-patient-on-chronic-dialysis
#14
Michele Giannattasio, Federica Giannattasio, Giuseppe Gernone
Many of information on the safety of drugs during pregnancy were obtained many years ago, before the pregnant women were excluded from the study protocols for possible fetal risks. Because randomized trials in pregnancy are complex and considered unethical. For the same reasons, there are no randomized controlled trials in pregnant women on dialysis. Moreover Compared to the normal subject, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in these patients are influenced or by pregnancy or from dialysis techniques or from chronic uremia...
January 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#15
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176773/parental-heights-and-maternal-education-as-predictors-of-length-height-of-children-at-birth-age-3-and-19-years-independently-on-diet-the-elspac-study
#16
J Bienertová-Vašků, F Zlámal, T Pruša, J Novák, O Mikeš, P Čupr, A Pohořalá, Jan Švancara, L Andrýsková, H Pikhart
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is currently known about the relationship between the parental diet during pregnancy and the growth of the child from early childhood until early adulthood. This study was designed to examine whether the dietary patterns of the parents during a pregnancy and of the respective child at 3 years are associated with the length/height-for-age z-score of child at birth, 3 years of age and at 19 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary patterns of pregnant women and their partners, and offspring at 3 years that were enroled in the 1990-1991 period in the Czech part of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#17
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173891/early-life-risk-exposure-and-stunting-in-urban-south-african-2-year-old-children
#18
W Slemming, J Kagura, H Saloojee, L M Richter
Stunting is a measure of overall nutritional status and is a major public health concern because of its association with child mortality and morbidity and later adult performance. This study examined the effects of pregnancy events, birth characteristics and infant risk exposure on stunting at age 2 years. The study, established in 1990 in Soweto, an urban South African township, included 1098 mother-infant pairs enroled in the Birth to Twenty Plus longitudinal birth cohort study. In total, 22% of children were stunted at age 2 years, with males at greater risk than females [24...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171716/reference-intervals-of-thyroid-hormones-during-pregnancy-in-korea-an-iodine-replete-area
#19
Hye Jeong Kim, Yoon Young Cho, Sun Wook Kim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Hye Won Jang, Soo-Youn Lee, Suk-Joo Choi, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, Soo-Young Oh
Background/Aims: Maternal thyroid dysfunction has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of our study was to establish trimester-specific reference intervals for thyroid hormones in pregnant women in Korea, where iodine intake is more than adequate and to examine pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in their offspring. Methods: Among 459 healthy pregnant women who were screened, we enrolled 417 subjects who had negative results for thyroid autoantibodies...
February 8, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166966/influence-of-post-insemination-nutrition-on-embryonic-development-in-beef-heifers
#20
S G Kruse, G A Bridges, B J Funnell, S L Bird, S L Lake, R P Arias, O L Amundson, E L Larimore, D H Keisler, G A Perry
Previous studies have demonstrated that a decrease in nutrition immediately following AI reduces pregnancy success in beef heifers. The objective of this experiment was to determine if nutrient restriction following AI impacted early embryonic development among non-super ovulated heifers. Beef heifers in eight replications (Rep; Rep 1; n = 14, Rep 2; n = 15, Rep 3; n = 15, Rep 4; n = 14, Rep 5; n = 15, Rep 6; n = 15, Rep 7; n = 25, Rep 8; n = 25) across two locations (UMN, SDSU) were developed in a dry-lot and fed 125% NRC requirements from weaning to timed-AI (d 0)...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
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