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Pregnancy nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346712/synergetic-effects-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-high-sucrose-intake-on-glucose-tolerance-and-hepatic-insulin-resistance-in-rat-offspring
#1
Pengjie Zhang, Di Zhu, Yueming Zhang, Lingjun Li, Xionghui Chen, Wenna Zhang, Ruixiu Shi, Jianying Tao, Bing Han, Zhice Xu
SCOPE: High sucrose intake during pregnancy is linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus and altered insulin resistance. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study attempted to ascertain whether prenatal high sucrose intake (20% sucrose) alleviates the detrimental effects of high postnatal sugar consumption in the offspring, and the molecular mechanisms were investigated using a rat model. High prenatal sucrose exposure increased the body weight of the offspring at 1 to 3 weeks of age...
January 18, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346002/intermittent-preventive-therapy-in-pregnancy-and-incidence-of-low-birth-weight-in-malaria-endemic-countries
#2
Jordan E Cates, Daniel Westreich, Holger W Unger, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R Cole, Steven Meshnick, Stephen J Rogerson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of hypothetical antimalarial and nutritional interventions (which reduce the prevalence of low midupper arm circumference [MUAC]) on the incidence of low birth weight (LBW). METHODS: We analyzed data from 14 633 pregnancies from 13 studies conducted across Africa and the Western Pacific from 1996 to 2015. We calculated population intervention effects for increasing intermittent preventive therapy in pregnancy (IPTp), full coverage with bed nets, reduction in malaria infection at delivery, and reductions in the prevalence of low MUAC...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344041/impact-of-nutrition-education-in-improving-dietary-pattern-during-pregnancy-based-on-pender-s-health-promotion-model-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, SeyedSaeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad
Background: Different types of nutrients in adequate amounts are required to meet the increased demands of the mother and the developing fetus. Therefore, we examined the impact of nutrition education on the number of food servings per day. Materials and Methods: Pregnant mothers were recruited to a prospective, randomized clinical trial from May to September, 2016. At 6-10 weeks of gestation, the participants were randomly divided into the intervention (n = 96) or the control group (n = 96), and were followed-up until the end of pregnancy...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334718/-diet-and-nutrition-interventions-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Z Y Yang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications during pregnancy, with rising trend over the years. Dietary nutrient intake (protein, fat and fatty acids, carbohydrate, vitamin D, vitamin E, iron, zinc, selenium and inositol et al.), dietary pattern and probiotics may be related to GDM occurrence. Dietary factors are modifiable factors for preventing GDM. The study reviewed the roles of these dietary factors in preventing GDM. Results showed that plant-based dietary pattern may lower the risk of GDM and dietary pattern characterized with high animal protein, high fat and low carbohydrate may increase the risk of GDM...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#5
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334704/-status-and-related-factors-for-gestational-weight-gain-of-chinese-pregnant-women-during-2010-2012
#6
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To examine the status and related factors for gestational weight gain of Chinese pregnant women at different trimesters in 2010-2012. Methods: Participants were from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, we recruited 2 805 singleton pregnant women with gestational age 13 weeks or more from 31 provinces of China. A standard questionnaire was used to collect general information and pre-pregnancy weight; body weight and height of pregnant women were measured using a unified weighing scale and stadiometer, dietary intake during the previous year was collected using a food frequency questionnaire...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334703/-the-influencing-factors-of-anemia-for-pregnant-women-between-2010-2012-in-china
#7
S Jiang, X H Pang, Y F Duan, Y Bi, J Wang, S A Yin, L C Yang, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of anemia and related risk factors for pregnant women in China. Method: Based on Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2010-2012, a total of 3 501 pregnant women were investigated from 150 counties of 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China, using a multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method. General information of pregnant women, health status, and food intake during the gestation, was collected through a questionnaire investigation...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334701/-pay-attention-to-the-nutrition-and-health-of-pregnancy-women-with-advanced-age
#8
S A Yin, X Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333059/innate-food-aversions-and-culturally-transmitted-food-taboos-in-pregnant-women-in-rural-southwest-india-separate-systems-to-protect-the-fetus
#9
Caitlyn D Placek, Purnima Madhivanan, Edward H Hagen
Pregnancy increases women's nutritional requirements, yet causes aversions to nutritious foods. Most societies further restrict pregnant women's diet with food taboos. Pregnancy food aversions are theorized to protect mothers and fetuses from teratogens and pathogens or increase dietary diversity in response to resource scarcity. Tests of these hypotheses have had mixed results, perhaps because many studies are in Westernized populations with reliable access to food and low exposure to pathogens. If pregnancy food aversions are adaptations, however, then they likely evolved in environments with uncertain access to food and high exposure to pathogens...
November 2017: Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#10
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324977/maternal-metabolic-immune-and-microbial-systems-in-late-pregnancy-vary-with-malnutrition-in-mice
#11
Kristin L Connor, Christel Chehoud, Adam Altrichter, Luisa Chan, Todd Z DeSantis, Stephen J Lye
Malnutrition is a global threat to pregnancy health and impacts offspring development. Establishing an optimal pregnancy environment requires the coordination of maternal metabolic and immune pathways, which converge at the gut. Diet, metabolic and immune dysfunctions have been associated with gut dysbiosis in the non-pregnant individual. In pregnancy, these states are associated with poor pregnancy outcomes and offspring development. However, the impact of malnutrition on maternal gut microbes, and their relationships with maternal metabolic and immune status, has been largely underexplored...
January 9, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321918/reproductive-management-in-dairy-cows-the-future
#12
REVIEW
Mark A Crowe, Miel Hostens, Geert Opsomer
Background: Drivers of change in dairy herd health management include the significant increase in herd/farm size, quota removal (within Europe) and the increase in technologies to aid in dairy cow reproductive management. Main body: There are a number of key areas for improving fertility management these include: i) handling of substantial volumes of data, ii) genetic selection (including improved phenotypes for use in breeding programmes), iii) nutritional management (including transition cow management), iv) control of infectious disease, v) reproductive management (and automated systems to improve reproductive management), vi) ovulation / oestrous synchronisation, vii) rapid diagnostics of reproductive status, and viii) management of male fertility...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319589/preconception-care-for-the-general-ob-gyn
#13
Jessica C Arluck, Allison C Mayhew
Preconception counseling is an important aspect of the care of reproductive-aged women. Asking each woman with each interaction her wishes regarding pregnancy allows the health care provider to investigate her history. The areas to review include environmental toxins, nutrition, genetics, substance abuse, medical conditions, infectious diseases, and psychosocial issues. Then preconception counseling can be individualized. The goal is to decrease or eliminate risks that can cause detriments to the patient or her future pregnancies...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#14
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316198/co-causation-of-reduced-newborn-size-by-maternal-undernutrition-infections-and-inflammation
#15
Per Ashorn, Lotta Hallamaa, Lindsay H Allen, Ulla Ashorn, Upeksha Chandrasiri, Megan Deitchler, Ronan Doyle, Ulla Harjunmaa, Josh M Jorgensen, Steve Kamiza, Nigel Klein, Kenneth Maleta, Minyanga Nkhoma, Brietta M Oaks, Basho Poelman, Stephen J Rogerson, Christine P Stewart, Mamane Zeilani, Kathryn G Dewey
More than 20 million babies are born with low birthweight annually. Small newborns have an increased risk for mortality, growth failure, and other adverse outcomes. Numerous antenatal risk factors for small newborn size have been identified, but individual interventions addressing them have not markedly improved the health outcomes of interest. We tested a hypothesis that in low-income settings, newborn size is influenced jointly by multiple maternal exposures and characterized pathways associating these exposures with newborn size...
January 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315230/maternal-high-fructose-intake-increases-the-vulnerability-to-post-weaning-high-fat-diet-induced-programmed-hypertension-in-male-offspring
#16
You-Lin Tain, Wei-Chia Lee, Kay L H Wu, Steve Leu, Julie Y H Chan
Widespread consumption of high-fructose and high-fat diets relates to the global epidemic of hypertension. Hypertension may originate from early life by a combination of prenatal and postnatal nutritional insults. We examined whether maternal high-fructose diet increases vulnerability to post-weaning high-fructose or high-fat diets induced hypertension in adult offspring and determined the underlying mechanisms. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats received regular chow (ND) or chow supplemented with 60% fructose (HFR) during the entire pregnancy and lactation periods...
January 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312622/acute-nutritional-stress-during-pregnancy-affects-placental-efficiency-fetal-growth-and-adult-glucose-homeostasis
#17
Sajida Malik, Alan Diot, Karl Morten, Eszter Dombi, Manu Vatish, C A Richard Boyd, Joanna Poulton
Exposure to maternal malnutrition impairs postnatal health. Acute nutritional stress is less clearly implicated in intrauterine programming. We studied the effects of stressing pregnant mothers on perinatal growth and adult glucose homeostasis. We compared one group ("stressed", mothers fasted for 16 hours) with controls ("unstressed"). We found that fasting stress had adverse effects on the weight of the fetuses conceived (p<0.005) and the placental efficiency (p<0.001) in stressed compared to unstressed offspring...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310847/effects-of-long-term-near-term-and-real-time-energy-balance-and-blood-progesterone-concentrations-on-the-pregnancy-rate-of-contemporary-dairy-cows
#18
N A Gomez, A J Conley, P H Robinson
This study aimed to contribute to understanding the interface between reproductive and nutritional energetic physiology in contemporary dairy cattle. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 32) between 70 and 180 days in milk were used in a study starting 10 d prior to the artificial insemination (AI) date and were estrous synchronized using a hormonal regimen. Fourteen cows were determined pregnant on day 39 post-AI. Coccygeal blood samples of all cows were collected on d -10 and -3 prior to AI to determine estrous cyclicity, as well as at AI and at 6, 13 and 20 d post-AI...
January 4, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305749/dna-methylation-variability-in-a-single-locus-of-the-rxr%C3%AE-promoter-from-umbilical-vein-blood-at-term-pregnancy
#19
Diana Chávez-Lizárraga, Paola Zárate-Segura, Jorge Beltrán-Montoya, Carmen Canchola-Sotelo, Felipe Vadillo-Ortega, Erika Chavira-Suárez
DNA methylation status of RXRα gene promoter has been correlated with maternal diet during early pregnancy, and associated with offspring's adiposity and bone mineral content. In adult life, increased methylation of RXRα promoter region is associated with myocardium pathologies. Early growth response proteins (EGR) are zinc finger transcription factors associated with several cellular pathways such as inflammation, apoptosis, and cardiopathies. DNA-binding sequences of EGR proteins have been reported in the RXRα gene promoter using chromatin immunoprecipitation methods...
January 6, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299736/the-impact-of-probiotic-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-dna-methylation-of-obesity-related-genes-in-mothers-and-their-children
#20
Sanna Vähämiko, Asta Laiho, Riikka Lund, Erika Isolauri, Seppo Salminen, Kirsi Laitinen
PURPOSE: Dietary supplementation with probiotics during pregnancy has been suggested to decrease the risk for obesity in women after delivery and to minimize excessive weight gain in their children. Epigenetic DNA methylation has been proposed to impact on gene activity, thereby providing a plausible molecular mechanism for a broad range of biological processes and diseases. This pilot study aimed to evaluate whether probiotic supplementation during pregnancy could modify the DNA methylation status of the promoters of obesity and weight gain-related genes in mothers and their children...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
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