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Pregnancy nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144833/low-dietary-fiber-intake-increases-collinsella-abundance-in-the-gut-microbiota-of-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#1
Luisa F Gomez-Arango, Helen L Barrett, Shelley A Wilkinson, Leonie K Callaway, H David McIntyre, Mark Morrison, Marloes Dekker Nitert
The gut microbiota contributes to the regulation of glucose metabolism in pregnancy. Abundance of the genus Collinsella is positively correlated with circulating insulin; however, it is unclear what determines Collinsella abundance. This study aims to validate the correlation between Collinsella and insulin and to elucidate if macronutrient intake alters Collinsella abundance and gut microbiota composition. Gut microbiota profiles were assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing in 57 overweight and 73 obese pregnant women from the SPRING (Study of PRobiotics IN Gestational diabetes) trial at 16 weeks gestation and correlated with metabolic hormone levels and macronutrient intake...
November 16, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143627/conceptualizing-pathways-linking-women-s-empowerment-and-prematurity-in-developing-countries
#2
Patience A Afulani, Molly Altman, Joseph Musana, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Globally, prematurity is the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5. Many efforts have focused on clinical approaches to improve the survival of premature babies. There is a need, however, to explore psychosocial, sociocultural, economic, and other factors as potential mechanisms to reduce the burden of prematurity. Women's empowerment may be a catalyst for moving the needle in this direction. The goal of this paper is to examine links between women's empowerment and prematurity in developing settings...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143484/response-of-red-blood-cell-folate-to-supplementation-in-non-pregnant-women-is-predictable-a-proposal-for-personalized-supplementation
#3
Rima Obeid, Christiane Schön, Manfred Wilhelm, Rajiv P Shrestha, Stefan Pilz, Klaus Pietrzik
SCOPE: We modelled red blood cell (RBC)-folate response to supplementation and developed personalized folate supplementation concepts. METHODS AND RESULTS: The changes of RBC-folate were modelled in a time- (4 or 8 weeks) and dose- (400 μg/d or 800 μg/d folate) dependent manner. Post-supplementation RBC-folate levels were predicted from folate-loading capacities [ = measured RBC-folate - (baseline RBC-folate * RBC-survival)]. The prediction equations were validated in 119 participants...
November 15, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142651/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-by-dietary-intervention-among-pregnant-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azam Dadkhah-Tirani
Background: Chronic insulin resistance (IR) is a basic part of the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition significantly impacts IR and weight loss reduces insulin levels, whereas weight gain increases the concentrations. Therefore, we surveyed the effect of nutrition intervention on IR in pregnant women and whether this effect is irrespective of weight gaining in accordance with Institute of Medicine limits. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out among 150 primiparous pregnant mothers in fifteen health centers, five hospitals, and 15 private obstetrical offices in Isfahan...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137874/investigating-antenatal-nutrition-education-preferences-in-south-east-queensland-including-maori-and-pasifika-women
#5
Andrea Cruickshank, Helen E Porteous, Michelle A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Little is reported about the nutrition-related needs and preferences of women seeking maternity services, particularly Maori and Pasifika (M&P) women who have higher chronic disease rates in Queensland. AIM: Nutrition-related knowledge, needs, behaviours and education preferences were compared between women of M&P ancestry and non-Maori and Pasifika women (NMP). METHOD: Women (≥18 years) admitted to the postnatal ward were surveyed...
November 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137132/maternal-vitamin-d-status-and-the-relationship-with-neonatal-anthropometric-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-results-from-the-seychelles-child-development-nutrition-study
#6
Eamon Laird, Sally W Thurston, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Conrad F Shamlaye, Gary J Myers, Philip W Davidson, Gene E Watson, Emeir M McSorley, Maria S Mulhern, Alison J Yeates, Mary Ward, Helene McNulty, J J Strain
Vitamin D has an important role in early life; however, the optimal vitamin D status during pregnancy is currently unclear. There have been recent calls for pregnant women to maintain circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations >100 nmol/L for health, yet little is known about the long-term potential benefits or safety of achieving such high maternal 25(OH)D concentrations for infant or child health outcomes. We examined maternal vitamin D status and its associations with infant anthropometric and later childhood neurocognitive outcomes in a mother-child cohort in a sun-rich country near the equator (4...
November 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136189/serum-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-treatment-outcomes-among-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#7
Y-H Chiu, A E Karmon, A J Gaskins, M Arvizu, P L Williams, I Souter, B R Rueda, R Hause, J E Chavarro
STUDY QUESTION: Are serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations, including omega-3 (ω3-PUFA) and omega-6 (ω6-PUFA), related to ART outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of long-chain ω3-PUFA were positively associated with probability of live birth among women undergoing ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intake of ω3-PUFA improves oocyte and embryo quality in animal and human studies. However, a recent cohort study found no relation between circulating ω3-PUFA levels and pregnancy rates after ART...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131537/health-information-needs-of-pregnant-women-information-sources-motives-and-barriers
#9
Sudabeh Kamali, Leila Ahmadian, Reza Khajouei, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women should be provided with relevant and useful information to manage this specific period of their lives. Assessing information needs of this group is a prerequisite for providing this information. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the information needs of pregnant women during their pregnancy and childbirth. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted on the pregnant women who attended antenatal clinics and obstetricians/gynaecologists' offices in Kerman, Iran, in 2015...
November 13, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131489/evaluation-of-the-serum-zinc-level-in-adult-patients-with-melasma-is-there-a-relationship-with-serum-zinc-deficiency-and-melasma
#10
Majid Rostami Mogaddam, Nastaran Safavi Ardabili, Manouchehr Iranparvar Alamdari, Nasrollah Maleki, Maryam Aghabalaei Danesh
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common acquired hypermelanosis of sun-exposed skin, particularly on the face, which presents as symmetric, light- to gray-brown-colored macules and patches. There are several studies of serum zinc levels in cutaneous disorders. So far, no studies have been carried out to assess the serum zinc level in patients with melasma. The aim of this study is to determine the serum zinc level in patients with melasma compared to healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 patients with melasma and 118 healthy controls were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126796/pregnancy-nutrition-knowledge-and-experiences-of-pregnant-women-and-antenatal-care-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-approach
#11
Amelia Lee, Michelle Newton, Jessica Radcliffe, Regina Belski
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of pregnant women do not appear to meet the dietary recommendations. Nutrition knowledge and practices of pregnant women and their antenatal care clinicians are factors that may be influential on dietary intakes of pregnant women. AIM: To assess and compare pregnancy nutrition recommendation knowledge and to explore how nutrition knowledge impacts on food choices in pregnant women and nutrition education practices of antenatal care providers...
November 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125093/interrelationship-between-food-security-status-home-availability-of-variety-of-fruits-and-vegetables-and-their-dietary-intake-among-low-income-pregnant-women
#12
Danielle L Nunnery, Jeffrey D Labban, Jigna M Dharod
OBJECTIVE: To (i) determine differences in the availability of variety of fruits and vegetables (F&V) at home by food security status; and (ii) examine the inter-associations between food security status, availability of variety of F&V at home and frequency of F&V intake, among low-income pregnant women. Design/Setting Participants were interviewed to collect food security status, home availability of variety of F&V and frequency of F&V intake. Bivariate analyses, multivariate regression and exploratory mediation analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS Statistics version 23...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123406/prophylactic-iron-supplementation-in-pregnancy-a-controversial-issue
#13
REVIEW
João Ricardo Friedrisch, Bruno Kras Friedrisch
In our world today, iron deficiency (ID) is the most frequent nutritional deficiency and it is being considered as an epidemic public health crisis. Women of reproductive age and infants are at particular risk of ID, especially in underdeveloped countries. During pregnancy, iron deficiency anemia is a specific risk factor associated with negative maternal and perinatal outcomes. Many countries have iron supplementation (IS) programs-as recommended by the World Health Organization-during pregnancy; however, IS clinical benefits and risks are unclear...
2017: Biochemistry Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121896/pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-and-their-effects-on-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-a-cohort-study-in-west-sumatra-indonesia
#14
Hora Soltani, Nur I Lipoeto, Frankie J Fair, Karen Kilner, Y Yusrawati
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has a considerably high incidence of maternal and infant mortality. The country has however been experiencing a social and economic transition, influencing its general population demographics and nutritional status including the state of health and nutrition of pregnant women. This study aimed to explore body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG), and their relationship with pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Indonesian pregnant women. METHODS: This observational cohort study included a total of 607 pregnant women who were recruited in 2010 from maternity clinics in Western Sumatra, Indonesia...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120272/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-nutritional-recommendations-before-and-during-pregnancy
#15
Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Julia Gómez-Fernández, Juan Mozas-Moreno, Anne-Mary Lewis-Mikhael, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, José-Juan Jiménez-Moleón
Several epidemiologic studies and clinical trials have demonstrated the value of balanced nutrition during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine the degree of adherence to nutritional recommendations among 1,175 pregnant Spanish women and factors associated with such adherence pre-pregnancy and during the first half of pregnancy. Data were collected during June 2004 to March 2007 and included socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed using logistic regression models to identify factors associated with adherence to dietary recommendations...
November 9, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116931/early-life-selenium-status-and-cognitive-function-at-5-and-10-years-of-age-in-bangladeshi-children
#16
Helena Skröder, Maria Kippler, Fahmida Tofail, Marie Vahter
BACKGROUND: In older adults, selenium status has been positively associated with cognitive function. We recently reported a positive association between maternal selenium status in pregnancy and children's cognitive function at 1.5 y. OBJECTIVE: We followed up the children to assess if prenatal and childhood selenium status was associated with cognitive abilities at 5 and 10 y. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study was nested in Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat), a population-based, randomized supplementation trial in pregnancy in rural Bangladesh...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#17
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112458/review-detrimental-effects-of-alcohol-exposure-around-conception-putative-mechanisms
#18
Jacinta I Kalisch-Smith, Karen M Moritz
In western countries, alcohol consumption is widespread in women of reproductive age, and in binge quantities. These countries also continue to have high incidences of unplanned pregnancies, with women often reported to cease drinking after discovering their pregnancy. This suggests the early embryo may be highly exposed to the detrimental effects of alcohol during this periconceptional period. The periconception and pre-implantation windows which includes maturation of the oocyte, fertilisation and morphogenesis of the pre-implantation embryo, are particularly sensitive times of development...
November 7, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110748/perinatal-maternal-high-fat-diet-induces-early-obesity-and-sex-specific-alterations-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-white-and-brown-adipose-tissue-of-weanling-rat-offspring
#19
Mariana M Almeida, Camilla P Dias-Rocha, André S Souza, Mariana F Muros, Leonardo S Mendonca, Carmen C Pazos-Moura, Isis H Trevenzoli
Perinatal maternal high-fat (HF) diet programmes offspring obesity. Obesity is associated with overactivation of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in adult subjects, but the role of the ECS in the developmental origins of obesity is mostly unknown. The ECS consists of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors (cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1) and cannabinoid type-2 receptor (CB2)) and metabolising enzymes. We hypothesised that perinatal maternal HF diet would alter the ECS in a sex-dependent manner in white and brown adipose tissue of rat offspring at weaning in parallel to obesity development...
November 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108632/chorionic-vascular-fit-in-the-human-placenta-relationship-to-fetoplacental-outcomes
#20
Carolyn M Salafia, Ruchit G Shah, Dawn P Misra, Jennifer K Straughen, Drucilla J Roberts, Larry Troxler, Simon P Morgan, Barbara Eucker, John M Thorp
BACKGROUND: Novel measures of the chorionic plate and vessels are used to test the hypothesis that variation in placental structure is correlated with reduced birth weight (BW) independent of placental weight (PW), suggesting functionally compromised placentas. METHODS: 916 mothers recruited to the Pregnancy, Infection and Nutrition Study delivering singleton live born infants at >30 gestational weeks had placentas collected, digitally photographed and weighed prior to formalin fixation...
November 2017: Placenta
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