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Pregnancy nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808588/appropriate-weaning-practice-and-associated-factors-among-infants-and-young-children-in-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Liknaw Bewket Zeleke, Mengistu Welday Gebremichael, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Kelemeu Abebe Gelaw
BACKGROUND: The right nutrition from the start of a pregnancy to the child's second birthday has a profound impact on the future health, wellbeing, and success of a child. This can be achieved through proper maternal nutrition during pregnancy, exclusive breastfeeding, and appropriate weaning practice. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at assessing appropriate weaning practice and associated factors among infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Feres Bet Town, Northwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797671/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-the-effect-of-time-to-conception-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#2
Patricia O Yau, Manish Parikh, John K Saunders, Patricia Chui, Tara Zablocki, Akuezunkpa Ude Welcome
BACKGROUND: At our medical center, female patients who have undergone bariatric surgery are advised to defer pregnancy for 2 years after surgery to avoid the following complications and their potential consequences for the fetus: inadequate gestational weight gain, inadequate postsurgical weight loss, hyperemesis gravidarum, nutritional deficiencies, gestational diabetes, and gestational hypertension. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of time from surgery to conception on pregnancy course and outcomes in bariatric patients...
July 17, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794206/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-did-not-affect-human-milk-oligosaccharides-and-bioactive-proteins-in-a-randomized-trial
#3
Josh M Jorgensen, Charles Arnold, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, David Chaima, Yin Bun Cheung, Jasmine Cc Davis, Yue-Mei Fan, Elisha Goonatilleke, Emma Kortekangas, Chiza Kumwenda, Carlito B Lebrilla, Kenneth Maleta, Sarah M Totten, Lauren D Wu, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and bioactive proteins are beneficial to infant health. Recent evidence suggests that maternal nutrition may affect the amount of HMOs and proteins in breast milk; however, the effect of nutrient supplementation on HMOs and bioactive proteins has not yet been well studied.Objective: We aimed to determine whether lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) affect milk bioactive protein and HMO concentrations at 6 mo postpartum in women in rural Malawi. These are secondary outcomes of a previously published randomized controlled trial...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793989/early-enteral-tube-feeding-in-optimizing-treatment-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-the-maternal-and-offspring-outcomes-after-treatment-of-hyperemesis-by-refeeding-mother-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Iris J Grooten, Marjette H Koot, Joris Am van der Post, Joke Mj Bais, Carrie Ris-Stalpers, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Henk A Bremer, David P van der Ham, Wieteke M Heidema, Anjoke Huisjes, Gunilla Kleiverda, Simone Kuppens, Judith Oeh van Laar, Josje Langenveld, Flip van der Made, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Dimitri Papatsonis, Marie-José Pelinck, Paula J Pernet, Leonie van Rheenen, Robbert J Rijnders, Hubertina Cj Scheepers, Tatjana E Vogelvang, Ben W Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Rebecca C Painter
Background: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) leads to dehydration, poor nutritional intake, and weight loss. HG has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight. Information about the potential effectiveness of treatments for HG is limited.Objective: We hypothesized that in women with HG, early enteral tube feeding in addition to standard care improves birth weight.Design: We performed a multicenter, open-label randomized controlled trial [Maternal and Offspring outcomes after Treatment of HyperEmesis by Refeeding (MOTHER)] in 19 hospitals in the Netherlands...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793129/clinical-characteristics-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-comparison-of-two-cohorts-enrolled-20-years-apart-in-southern-brazil
#5
Angela Jacob Reichelt, Letícia Schwerz Weinert, Livia Silveira Mastella, Vanessa Gnielka, Maria Amélia Campos, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Maria Lúcia Rocha Oppermann, Sandra Pinho Silveiro, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and characteristics of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have changed over time, reflecting the nutritional transition and changes in diagnostic criteria. We aimed to evaluate characteristics of women with GDM over a 20-year interval. DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of two pregnancy cohorts enrolled in different periods, in university hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil: 1991 to 1993 (n = 216); and 2009 to 2013 (n = 375). METHODS: We applied two diagnostic criteria to the cohorts: International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG)/World Health Organization (WHO); and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792500/malaria-malnutrition-and-birthweight-a-meta-analysis-using-individual-participant-data
#6
Jordan E Cates, Holger W Unger, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Sarah H Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G Dewey, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Meghna Desai, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Julie Gutman, Martina Oneko, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John P A Lusingu, Anna Maria van Eijk, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R Cole, Daniel Westreich, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Four studies previously indicated that the effect of malaria infection during pregnancy on the risk of low birthweight (LBW; <2,500 g) may depend upon maternal nutritional status. We investigated this dependence further using a large, diverse study population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated the interaction between maternal malaria infection and maternal anthropometric status on the risk of LBW using pooled data from 14,633 pregnancies from 13 studies (6 cohort studies and 7 randomized controlled trials) conducted in Africa and the Western Pacific from 1996-2015...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791268/relationship-between-age-at-last-delivery-and-age-at-menopause-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#7
Yeun Joo Shin, Ji Yong Song, Min Jeong Kim, Jeong In Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Hae Nam Lee
OBJECTIVE: We used data from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to investigate whether the age at menopause is related to age at last delivery. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of the data for 714 women who became menopausal within the 3 years preceding the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. RESULTS: Smoking, exercise, drink, educational level, and income were adjusted in model 1, and the mean ages at menopause were 50...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783056/diet-quality-throughout-early-life-in-relation-to-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-diseases-in-childhood
#8
Anh N Nguyen, Niels J Elbert, Suzanne G M A Pasmans, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Nicolette W de Jong, Henriëtte A Moll, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Johan C de Jongste, Oscar H Franco, Liesbeth Duijts, Trudy Voortman
Early-life nutrition is an important modifiable determinant in the development of a child's immune system, and may thereby influence the risk of allergic sensitization and atopic diseases. However, associations between overall dietary patterns and atopic diseases in childhood remain unclear. We examined associations of diet quality in early life with allergic sensitization, self-reported physician-diagnosed inhalant and food allergies, eczema, and asthma among 5225 children participating in a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780682/assessing-the-risk-of-having-small-for-gestational-age-newborns-among-lebanese-underweight-and-normal-pre-pregnancy-weight-women
#9
Rym El Rafei, Hussein A Abbas, Hind Alameddine, Ayah Al Bizri, Imad Melki, Khalid A Yunis
Introduction It has been established that underweight women with low gestational weight gain (GWG) are at a higher risk of having Small for Gestational Age (SGA) newborns. However, the association remains poorly studied in Middle Eastern societies exhibiting different ethnic groups, genetic predisposing factors along with differences in nutritional food intake during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to assess the risk of having a SGA newborn among underweight and normal weight BMI women while studying the role of GWG in this association...
August 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780476/health-behaviour-information-provided-to-clients-during-midwife-led-prenatal-booking-visits-findings-from-video-analyses
#10
Ruth Baron, Linda Martin, Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Janneke Noordman, Martijn W Heymans, Evelien R Spelten, Johannes Brug, Eileen K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: to quantify to what extent evidence-based health behaviour topics relevant for pregnancy are discussed with clients during midwife-led prenatal booking visits and to assess the association of client characteristics with the extent of information provided. DESIGN: quantitative video analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 173 video recordings of prenatal booking visits with primary care midwives and clients in the Netherlands taking place between August 2010 and April 2011...
July 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777356/health-effects-of-carotenoids-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#11
REVIEW
Monika A Zielińska, Aleksandra Wesołowska, Beata Pawlus, Jadwiga Hamułka
Adequate nutrition is particularly important during pregnancy since it is needed not only for maintaining the health of the mother, but also determines the course of pregnancy and its outcome, fetus development as well as the child's health after birth and during the later period of life. Data coming from epidemiological and interventions studies support the observation that carotenoids intake provide positive health effects in adults and the elderly population. These health effects are the result of their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770411/effect-of-iodine-nutrition-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-an-iodine-sufficient-area-in-china
#12
Yue Xiao, Huakun Sun, Chenyan Li, Yongze Li, Shiqiao Peng, Chenling Fan, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan
Many studies focused on the association between thyroid disease and pregnancy outcomes. The present study explored the effect of iodine nutrition during the first trimester on pregnancy outcomes. One thousand five hundred sixty-nine pregnant, euthyroid women at ≤12 weeks of gestation in an iodine-sufficient area in China were recruited. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for iodine nutrition during pregnancy, participants were divided into four groups: adequate iodine (median urinary iodine concentration (UIC), 150-249 μg/L), mild deficiency (UIC, 100-150 μg/L), moderate and severe deficiency (UIC, <100 μg/L), and more than adequate and excessive (UIC, ≥250 μg/L) groups...
August 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768834/placentome-nutrient-transporters-and-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-signaling-proteins-are-altered-by-the-methionine-supply-during-late-gestation-in-dairy-cows-and-are-associated-with-newborn-birth-weight
#13
Fernanda Batistel, Abdulrahman Sm Alharthi, Ling Wang, Claudia Parys, Yuan-Xiang Pan, Felipe C Cardoso, Juan J Loor
Background: To our knowledge, most research demonstrating a link between maternal nutrition and both fetal growth and offspring development after birth has been performed with nonruminants. Whether such relationships exist in large ruminants is largely unknown.Objective: We aimed to investigate whether increasing the methionine supply during late pregnancy would alter uteroplacental tissue nutrient transporters and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and their relation with newborn body weight.Methods: Multiparous Holstein cows were used in a randomized complete block design experiment...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768569/tissue-cell-stress-response-to-obesity-and-its-interaction-with-late-gestation-diet
#14
Vivek Saroha, Neele S Dellschaft, Duane H Keisler, David S Gardner, Helen Budge, Sylvain P Sebert, Michael E Symonds
Intrauterine growth restriction in late pregnancy can contribute to adverse long-term metabolic health in the offspring. In the present study we used an animal (sheep) model of maternal dietary manipulation in late pregnancy, combined with exposure of the offspring to a low-activity, obesogenic environment after weaning, to characterise the effects on glucose homeostasis. Dizygotic twin-pregnant sheep were either fed to 60% of requirements (nutrient restriction (R)) or fed ad libitum (~140% of requirements (A)) from 110 days gestation until term (~147 days)...
August 3, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766094/risk-of-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-morbidity-in-postpartum-women-in-rural-bangladesh
#16
Pamela J Surkan, Kwame S Sakyi, Parul Christian, Sucheta Mehra, Alain Labrique, Hasmot Ali, Barkat Ullah, Lee Wu, Rolf Klemm, Mahbubur Rashid, Keith P West, Donna M Strobino
Objectives Depression following pregnancy is common, but its extent and association with maternal morbidity in the first 6 months postpartum have not been well described in low resource settings such as rural Bangladesh. Methods We used data from a population-based, community trial of approximately 39,000 married rural Bangladeshi women aged 13-44 between 2001 and 2007 to examine the relation between women's reported morbidity symptoms from childbirth to 3 months postpartum, and subsequent depressive symptoms assessed at 6 months postpartum...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765406/a-contemporary-review-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#17
Peysh A Patel, Ashwin Roy, Rabeia Javid, John Aw Dalton
Peripartum cardiomyopathy reflects the presence of cardiac failure in the absence of determinable heart disease and occurs in late third trimester of pregnancy or up to 6 months postpartum. A full understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms is lacking, but excess prolactin levels, haemodynamic alterations, inflammation and nutritional deficiencies have all been implicated. Its clinical presentation has distinct overlap with physiological alterations in healthy pregnancy and this presents a diagnostic challenge...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764678/the-specific-and-combined-role-of-domestic-violence-and-mental-health-disorders-during-pregnancy-on-new-born-health
#18
Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Adriana Argeu, Euripides Constantino Miguel, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero Grisi, Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk
BACKGROUND: Addressing impaired foetal growth is recognized as a public health priority. Certain risk factors for this condition, such as poor nutritional status at birth, have been found to be highly correlated with poverty. However, the role of psychosocial factors, specifically the mother's mental health and exposure to violence during pregnancy, have yet to be further explored. Our objective was to determine if there is a measurable association between combined psychosocial factors, specifically domestic violence and mental disorders, and birth outcomes, specifically birth nutritional status and preterm delivery...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761350/effect-of-treatment-with-single-total-dose-intravenous-iron-versus-daily-oral-iron-iii-hydroxide-polymaltose-on-moderate-puerperal-iron-deficiency-anemia
#19
Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke, Fausta Chioma Emegoakor, Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Jude Anazoeze Madu, Hyginus Uzo Ezegwui, Frank Okechukwu Ezugwu
BACKGROUND: Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional cause of anemia in pregnancy and is often responsible for puerperal anemia. Puerperal anemia can impair postpartum maternal and neonatal well-being. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of treatment of moderate puerperal iron-deficiency anemia using a single intravenous total-dose iron dextran versus daily single dose oral iron(III)-hydroxide polymaltose. METHODOLOGY: A randomized controlled study in which postpartum women with moderate iron-deficiency anemia were randomized into treatment with either a single total-dose intravenous iron dextran or with daily single doses of oral iron(III)-hydroxide polymaltose tablets for 6 weeks...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759122/differential-effects-of-late-gestation-maternal-overnutrition-on-the-regulation-of-surfactant-maturation-in-fetal-and-postnatal-life
#20
Mitchell C Lock, Erin V McGillick, Sandra Orgeig, I Caroline McMillen, Beverly S Mühlhäusler, Song Zhang, Janna L Morrison
With the increasing incidence of obesity worldwide, the proportion of women entering pregnancy overweight or obese has increased dramatically. The fetus of an overnourished mother experiences numerous metabolic changes that may modulate lung development and hence successful transition to air-breathing at birth. We used a sheep model of maternal late gestation overnutrition (LGON; from 115 d gestation, term 147 ± 3 d) to determine the effect of exposure to an increased plane of nutrition in late gestation on lung development in the fetus (at 141 d gestation) and the lamb (30 d after birth)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Physiology
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