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2016 diabetes guide

Shan-Shan Wang, Sovichea Lay, Hai-Ning Yu, Sheng-Rong Shen
A high quality diet is believed to play a functional role in promoting the healthy growth of mankind and preventing many kinds of chronic degenerative diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Adherence to a high quality diet has been strongly associated with a lower risk of mortality. To help promote healthy lifestyles and physical strength, the Chinese government has produced a new revised version of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016) and the Chinese Food Pagoda, as guidance for dietary intake among its population...
September 2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
B D Ashman, C Kong, K J Wing, M J Penner, K E Bugler, T O White, A S E Younger
AIMS: Patients with diabetes are at increased risk of wound complications after open reduction and internal fixation of unstable ankle fractures. A fibular nail avoids large surgical incisions and allows anatomical reduction of the mortise. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the results of fluoroscopy-guided reduction and percutaneous fibular nail fixation for unstable Weber type B or C fractures in 24 adult patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Nathalie Duerinckx, Hanna Burkhalter, Sandra J Engberg, Monika Kirsch, Mary-Lou Klem, Susan M Sereika, Paolo De Simone, Sabina De Geest, Fabienne Dobbels
BACKGROUND: Despite smoking being an absolute or relative contraindication for transplantation, about 11-40% of all patients continue or resume smoking posttransplant. This systematic review with meta-analysis investigated the correlates and outcomes associated with smoking after solid organ transplantation. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO from inception until January 2016, using state-of-the art methodology. Pooled Odds Ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed for correlates/outcomes investigated ≥ 5 times...
July 29, 2016: Transplantation
S N Duggan, N Ewald, L Kelleher, O Griffin, J Gibney, K C Conlon
Type 3c diabetes mellitus (T3cDM), also known as pancreatogenic diabetes, refers to diabetes caused by disease of the exocrine pancreas. T3cDM is not commonly recognised by clinicians and frequently it is misclassified as T1DM, or more commonly, T2DM. T3cDM can be difficult to distinguish from T1DM and T2DM, and it often co-exists with the latter. The aim of this review is to describe T3cDM, along with its complications, diagnosis and management. We focus on the nutritional implications of T3cDM for those with chronic pancreatitis, and provide a practical guide to the nutritional management of this condition...
July 13, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Talisa E de Carlo, Adam T Chin, Tony Joseph, Caroline R Baumal, Andre J Witkin, Jay S Duker, Nadia K Waheed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe the appearance of diabetic macular edema (DME) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and distinguish it from capillary nonperfusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with DME were recruited for OCTA imaging. Eyes with confounding retinal diseases were excluded. Using 3 mm × 3 mm OCT angiograms segmented into the superficial and deep inner retinal vascular plexuses, two graders described the appearance of DME and confirmed the diagnosis with structural OCT and fluorescein angiography...
February 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Pnina Ciobotaro, Natalie Flaks-Manov, Maly Oved, Ami Schattner, Moshe Hoshen, Eli Ben-Yosef, Ran D Balicer, Oren Zimhony
BACKGROUND: Carriers of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are often readmitted, exposing patients to CRE cross-transmission. OBJECTIVE To identify predictors of persistent CRE carriage upon readmission, directing a risk prediction score. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated general hospital. PATIENTS: A cohort of 168 CRE carriers with 474 readmissions. METHODS: The primary and secondary outcomes were CRE carriage status at readmission and length of CRE carriage...
February 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Mohamed Kamel Soliman, Aniruddha Agarwal, Salman Sarwar, Mostafa Hanout, Mohammad Ali Sadiq, Diana V Do, Quan Dong Nguyen
Vascular diseases of the retina such as diabetic retinopathy and vascular occlusions account for a large proportion of visual morbidity and blindness worldwide. The role of vitreous in the pathogenesis of these conditions has been increasingly recognized. Despite advances in the surgical technique of pars plana vitrectomy, the use of intravitreal agents for the lysis of vitreous has received attention, guided largely by promising results from the trials involving patients with non-vascular retinal diseases such as vitreomacular traction...
January 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: In June 2008, the Medical Advisory Secretariat began work on the Diabetes Strategy Evidence Project, an evidence-based review of the literature surrounding strategies for successful management and treatment of diabetes. This project came about when the Health System Strategy Division at the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care subsequently asked the secretariat to provide an evidentiary platform for the Ministry's newly released Diabetes Strategy.After an initial review of the strategy and consultation with experts, the secretariat identified five key areas in which evidence was needed...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Michele Senni, Piervirgilio Parrella, Renata De Maria, Ciro Cottini, Michael Böhm, Piotr Ponikowski, Gerasimos Filippatos, Christophe Tribouilloy, Andrea Di Lenarda, Fabrizio Oliva, Giovanni Pulignano, Mariantonietta Cicoira, Savina Nodari, Maurizio Porcu, Gianni Cioffi, Domenico Gabrielli, Oberdan Parodi, Paolo Ferrazzi, Antonello Gavazzi
BACKGROUND: Prognostic stratification in heart failure (HF) is crucial to guide clinical management and treatment decision-making. Currently available models to predict HF outcome have multiple limitations. We developed a simple risk stratification model, based on routinely available clinical information including comorbidities, the Cardiac and Comorbid Conditions HF (3C-HF) Score, to predict all-cause 1-year mortality in HF patients. METHODS: We recruited in a cohort study 6274 consecutive HF patients at 24 Cardiology and Internal Medicine Units in Europe...
February 20, 2013: International Journal of Cardiology
Changyu Pan, Shuhua Shang, Wilhelm Kirch, Martin Thoenes
BACKGROUND: The diabetes epidemic in China imposes an increasing burden on the health care system and the economy. We derived prospective diabetes prevalence rates in China until 2016 from a systematic review of the published literature in the period 1987-2007. The results could help to guide resources of the Chinese health care system in order to address the diabetes epidemic. METHODS: We selected articles published in the English/Chinese languages from MEDLINE and the China Wanfang Digital Database using the keywords "China", "diabetes mellitus", "prevalence", and "epidemiology" in order to estimate the current diabetes prevalence in China...
2010: International Journal of General Medicine
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