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2016 diabetes guide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203260/the-helsinki-face-transplantation-surgical-aspects-and-1-year-outcome
#1
Patrik Lassus, Andrew Lindford, Jyrki Vuola, Leif Bäck, Sinikka Suominen, Karri Mesimäki, Tommy Wilkman, Tuija Ylä-Kotola, Erkki Tukiainen, Hannu Kuokkanen, Jyrki Törnwall
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, at least 38 facial transplantations have been performed worldwide. We herein describe the surgical technique and 1-year clinical outcome in Finland's first face transplant case. METHODS: A 34-year-old male who had a severe facial deformity following ballistic trauma in 1999 underwent facial transplantation at the Helsinki University Hospital on 8th February 2016. Three-dimensional (3D) technology was used to manufacture donor and recipient patient-specific osteotomy guides and a donor face mask...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193527/telemedicine-follow-up-facilitates-more-comprehensive-diabetes-foot-ulcer-care-a-qualitative-study-in-home-based-and-specialist-health-care
#2
Beate-Christin Hope Kolltveit, Sally Thorne, Marit Graue, Eva Gjengedal, Marjolein M Iversen, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the application of a telemedicine intervention in diabetes foot ulcer care, and its implications for the health care professionals in the clinical field. BACKGROUND: Contextual factors are found to be important when applying technology in health care and applying telemedicine in home-based care has been identified as particularly complex. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted field observations and individual interviews among health care professionals in home-based care and specialist health care in a diabetes foot care telemedicine RCT (Clin...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148955/experience-of-tubo-ovarian-abscess-a-retrospective-clinical-analysis-of-318-patients-in-a-single-tertiary-center-in-middle-turkey
#3
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Umit Gorkem
BACKGROUND: The objective was to identify the clinical and laboratory parameters, ultrasonographic (USG) morphology, and to predict surgical treatment for patients with tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data for a total of 318 patients with a diagnosis of TOA between January 2005 and December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively at a referral center in Turkey. Patients requiring surgical treatment were compared with those who did not with respect to demographic characteristics and clinical, USG, and laboratory findings...
November 17, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128995/a-systematic-review-of-dietary-interventions-for-gestational-weight-gain-and-gestational-diabetes-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#4
REVIEW
Reeta Lamminpää, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Ursula Schwab
PURPOSE: The number of overweight and obese women is increasing in the obstetric population. The aim of this study was to review studies that reported results related to the efficacy of dietary interventions on gestational weight gain (GWG) or the prevention of gestational diabetes (GDM) in overweight and obese women. METHODS: The search was performed using the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Medic electronic databases and limited to the years between 2000 and March 2016...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125183/ovarian-surgery-for-symptom-relief-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Sam Lepine, Junyoung Jo, Mostafa Metwally, Ying C Cheong
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition, affecting approximately one in 10 women. PCOS is defined by two of three features: oligo- or anovulation, clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism or both, or polycystic ovaries.Women with PCOS can have a wide range of health problems, including infrequent and irregular periods, unwanted hair growth and acne, and subnormal fertility. Long-term health concerns include an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and the development of precancerous disease of the womb...
November 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113718/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-previous-gestational-hypertension-a-cohort-study-to-guide-counselling-and-management
#6
Diane Nzelu, Dan Dumitrascu-Biris, Katharine F Hunt, Mark Cordina, Nikos A Kametas
OBJECTIVES: In pregnant women with previous gestational hypertension: to compare the prevalence of preeclampsia as defined by the 2001 versus the 2014 International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy (ISSHP) criteria, to determine the rates of fetal growth restriction (FGR) as defined, not only by birthweight centile, but in combination with fetal ultrasound studies and, finally, to determine rates of other related outcomes such as gestational diabetes (GDM) and obstetric cholestasis (OC)...
November 4, 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037216/exploring-the-impact-of-the-care-sport-connector-in-the-netherlands
#7
Karlijn E F Leenaars, Eva Smit, Annemarie Wagemakers, Gerard R M Molleman, Maria A Koelen
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is deemed to contribute to the primary and secondary prevention of several chronic diseases, like diabetes mellitus, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and osteoporosis. In 2012, Care Sport Connectors (CSC), to whom a broker has been ascribed, were introduced in the Netherlands to stimulate PA and guide primary care patients towards local sport facilities. The aim of this study was to explore which structural embedding is the most promising for CSCs' work...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018065/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-active-smoking-among-individuals-living-with-hypertension-and-or-diabetes-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#8
Guy S Wafeu, Aurel T Tankeu, Francky Teddy A Endomba, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Arnaud D Kaze, Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use significantly increases cardiovascular complications in people living with hypertension and/or diabetes. We aim to summarise data on the prevalence and factors associated with active smoking in these conditions in Africa. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: We will search PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar and African Journals Online for relevant abstracts of studies on active smoking in individuals living with diabetes and/or hypertension published from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2016, with no language restriction...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930827/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-and-insulin-in-treating-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-updated-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#9
Hui-Ling Liang, Shu-Juan Ma, Yan-Ni Xiao, Hong-Zhuan Tan
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of different drugs in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients who could not maintain normal glucose level only through diet and exercise remains to be debated. We performed this network meta-analysis (NAM) to compare and rank different antidiabetic drugs in glucose level control and pregnancy outcomes in GDM patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase up to December 31, 2016...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886926/2017-focused-update-of-the-2016%C3%A2-acc%C3%A2-expert-consensus-decision-pathway-on-the-role-of-non-statin-therapies-for-ldl-cholesterol-lowering-in%C3%A2-the-management-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-task-force
#10
Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Pamela B Morris, Christie M Ballantyne, Kim K Birtcher, David D Daly, Sondra M DePalma, Margo B Minissian, Carl E Orringer, Sidney C Smith
In 2016, the American College of Cardiology published the first expert consensus decision pathway (ECDP) on the role of non-statin therapies for low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol lowering in the management of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. Since the publication of that document, additional evidence and perspectives have emerged from randomized clinical trials and other sources, particularly considering the longer-term efficacy and safety of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors in secondary prevention of ASCVD...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882417/derivation-and-validation-model-for-hospital-hypoglycemia
#11
Javier Ena, Antonio Zapatero Gaviria, Marta Romero-Sánchez, Juana Carretero-Gómez, Francisco Javier Carrasco-Sánchez, José Vicente Segura-Heras, Ana Belkis Porto-Perez, Patricia Vázquez-Rodriguez, Concepción González-Becerra, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
BACKGROUND: An objective and simple prognostic model for hospitalized patients with hypoglycemia could be helpful in guiding initial intensity of treatment. METHODS: We carried out a derivation rule for hypoglycemia using data from a nationwide retrospective cohort study of patients with diabetes or hyperglycemia carried out in 2014 (n=839 patients). The rule for hypoglycemia was validated using a second data set from a nationwide retrospective cohort study carried out in 2016 (n=561 patients)...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852354/popliteal-baker-s-cysts-in-the-setting-of-primary-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Josef N Tofte, Andrew J Holte, Nicolas Noiseux
BACKGROUND: Popliteal (Baker's) Cysts are rare complications of knee arthroplasty. Enlargement, irritation, or rupture of the cyst can lead to significant pain, tightness, and tenderness. The literature regarding popliteal cysts occurring following knee arthroplasty is limited and does not report prevalence, natural history, and treatment of popliteal cyst in the setting of knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Following Institutional Review Board approval, 2,025 primary total and partial knee arthroplasties by four surgeons at one institution from 2011-2016 were reviewed for occurrence of popliteal cysts...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842086/comparison-of-time-to-operation-and-efficacies-of-ultrasound-guided-nerve-block-and-general-anesthesia-in-emergency-external-fixation-of%C3%A2-lower-leg-fractures-ao-42-43-44
#13
Chan Kang, Sang-Bum Kim, Youn-Moo Heo, You-Gun Won, Byung-Hak Oh, June-Bum Jun, Gi-Soo Lee
The present randomized controlled trial evaluated the usefulness of ultrasound (US)-guided nerve block (NB) for emergency external fixation of lower leg fractures, by investigating the time required before surgery and the clinical results stratified by the anesthesia method (US-guided NB or general anesthesia [GA]). From June 2014 to April 2016, 40 patients who had undergone emergency surgery for external fixator application were enrolled in the present study. We measured the lead time before the start of surgery after the decision to perform emergency surgery in both groups...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770542/process-based-treatment-of-diabetes-in-kaiser-permanente-southern-california-how-to-make-diabetes-care-complete
#14
REVIEW
John P Martin, Natalie Aboubechara
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to provide an overview of the Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC) Complete Care management strategy. RECENT FINDINGS: The KPSC Complete Care program allows members of care management teams to coordinate the administration of care for patients with diabetes. This program encompasses teams of physicians, physician assistants, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, registered nurse (RN) care managers, office-based RNs, health educators, and many others to contribute to the glycemic and overall health outcomes for our patients with diabetes...
September 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697298/successfully-implementing-a-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-service-in-general-practice-what-does-the-evidence-tell-us
#15
Lisa Crossland, Claire Jackson
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that general-practice based screening for diabetic retinopathy significantly improves recording of screening outcomes and follow-up for Australians with type 2 diabetes. In 2016, two Medicare Benefits Schedule item numbers were launched to support screening in general practice. However, there is little evidence-based information to guide practices in successfully implementing screening models for diabetic retinopathy. The objective of this study was to develop an evidence-based framework to guide successful general-practice based screening for diabetic retinopathy...
2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692204/the-new-generation-super-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-smp-system-a-step-by-step-guide
#16
Guohua Zeng, Wei Zhu, Yang Liu, Junhong Fan, Zhijian Zhao, Chao Cai
OBJECTIVE: To present our novel miniaturised endoscopic system and describe a step-by-step guide for successful implementation of the super-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SMP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The new-generation SMP endoscopic system consists of (i) a 40 000-pixel super-mini nephroscope with an 8.0-F outer diameter and 7.5-F inner diameter dismountable sheath, and (ii) a newly designed irrigation-suction sheath available in either 12 F or 14 F. The irrigation-suction sheath is a two-layered metal structure...
November 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691137/effective-use-of-balloon-guide-catheters-in-reducing-incidence-of-mechanical-thrombectomy-related-distal-embolization
#17
Dong Hoon Lee, Jae Hoon Sung, Sang Uk Kim, Ho Jun Yi, Jae Taek Hong, Sang Won Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical benefit of endovascular stroke therapy has been demonstrated in several prospective randomized trials. However, in a relevant percentage of patients, mechanical thrombectomy bears the risk of causing new infarction in initially unaffected vascular territories through thrombus fragmentation and migration of clot debris. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of the balloon guide catheter (BGC) to effectively achieve flow arrest and thrombus aspiration during the intervention to avoid distal embolization...
July 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659865/review-of-evidence-for-adult-diabetic-ketoacidosis-management-protocols
#18
REVIEW
Tara T T Tran, Anthony Pease, Anna J Wood, Jeffrey D Zajac, Johan Mårtensson, Rinaldo Bellomo, Elif I I Ekinci
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an endocrine emergency with associated risk of morbidity and mortality. Despite this, DKA management lacks strong evidence due to the absence of large randomised controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE: To review existing studies investigating inpatient DKA management in adults, focusing on intravenous (IV) fluids; insulin administration; potassium, bicarbonate, and phosphate replacement; and DKA management protocols and impact of DKA resolution rates on outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651639/development-and-testing-of-a-mobile-application-to-support-diabetes-self-management-for-people-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-design-thinking-case-study
#19
Mira Petersen, Nana F Hempler
BACKGROUND: Numerous mobile applications have been developed to support diabetes-self-management. However, the majority of these applications lack a theoretical foundation and the involvement of people with diabetes during development. The aim of this study was to develop and test a mobile application (app) supporting diabetes self-management among people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes using design thinking. METHODS: The app was developed and tested in 2015 using a design-based research approach involving target users (individuals newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes), research scientists, healthcare professionals, designers, and app developers...
June 26, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559223/dropout-from-an-ehealth-intervention-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#20
Silje Stangeland Lie, Bjørg Karlsen, Ellen Renate Oord, Marit Graue, Bjørg Oftedal
BACKGROUND: Adequate self-management is the cornerstone of type 2 diabetes treatment, as people make the majority of daily treatment measures and health decisions. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the complexity of diabetes self-management demonstrate the need for innovative and effective ways to deliver self-management support. eHealth interventions are promoted worldwide and hold a great potential in future health care for people with chronic diseases such as T2DM...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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