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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047063/life-cycle-impacts-of-shower-water-waste-heat-recovery-case-study-of-an-installation-at-a-university-sport-facility-in-the-uk
#1
Kenneth Ip, Kaiming She, Kemi Adeyeye
Recovering heat from waste water discharged from showers to preheat the incoming cold water has been promoted as a cost-effective, energy-efficient, and low-carbon design option which has been included in the UK's Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) for demonstrating compliance with the Building Regulation for dwellings. Incentivized by its carbon cost-effectiveness, waste water heat exchangers (WWHX) have been selected and incorporated in a newly constructed Sports Pavilion at the University of Brighton in the UK...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035982/comparison-of-the-effect-of-5-different-treatment-options-for-managing-patellar-tendinopathy-a-secondary-analysis
#2
Dafne van Rijn, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Mirjam Steunebrink, Ron L Diercks, Johannes Zwerver, Henk van der Worp
OBJECTIVE: Currently, no treatments exist for patellar tendinopathy (PT) that guarantee quick and full recovery. Our objective was to assess which treatment option provides the best chance of clinical improvement and to assess the influence of patient and injury characteristics on the clinical effect of these treatments. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was performed on the combined databases of 3 previously performed double-blind randomized controlled trials. PATIENTS: In total, 138 patients with PT were included in the analysis...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035980/incidence-of-symptomatic-pulmonary-embolus-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopy-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-population
#3
Brian C Lau, Jason Jagodzinski, Nirav K Pandya
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after pediatric knee arthroscopy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population in a high-volume center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent arthroscopy of the knee for a sports-related injury by 2 surgeons were reviewed...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032484/young-athletes-return-too-early-to-knee-strenuous-sport-without-acceptable-knee-function-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Susanne Beischer, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Christoffer Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson, Roland Thomeé
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the return to knee-strenuous sport rate, muscle function and subjective knee function among adolescent patients (15-20 years of age) and adult patients (21-30 years of age) 8 and 12 months, respectively, after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It was hypothesised that no differences in outcome would be found between age groups at 8 or 12 months after ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from five tests of muscle function, from the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Tegner Activity Scale (Tegner), performed at 8 and 12 months after a primary ACL reconstruction, were extracted from a rehabilitation outcome register...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031507/-sport-coaching-for-psychological-and-social-recovery-after-hematological-cancer-an-innovative-perspective
#5
Sarah Calvin, Didier Blaise, Patrick Ben Soussan, Sarah Cuvelier, Nicolas Cicut, Laurence Caymaris, Yolande Arnault, Claude Onesta, Pierre Dantin, Patrice Viens
This study is a first step towards the transfer of knowledge and practices between psychological support and performance in elite sport and a patient's "social recovery" in oncology. This proposal brings together people engaged in a variety of healthcare and relationship support roles, and aims to set up a support system beyond the hospital context. It questions the ability of elite sport management and its main actors, the "Great Coaches", to contribute to the support of patients in cancer remission through an onco-coaching approach...
October 11, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029566/associations-among-quadriceps-strength-and-rate-of-torque-development-6-weeks-post-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-future-hop-and-vertical-jump-performance-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Yong-Hao Pua, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Ross A Clark, Jia-Ying Ho
Study Design Prospective cohort. Background Quadriceps strength is associated with hop distance and jump height in persons who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, it is unknown whether the ability to rapidly generate quadriceps torque in the early phase of recovery is associated with future hopping and jumping performance in this population. Objective To evaluate the prospective associations among quadriceps strength and rate of torque development (RTD) and single-leg hop for distance, vertical jump height, vertical ground reaction force (vGRF), and vertical force loading rate during a landing task in persons who have undergone ACLR...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028449/geometric-characteristics-of-the-knee-are-associated-with-a-noncontact-acl-injury-to-the-contralateral-knee-after-unilateral-acl-injury-in-young-female-athletes
#7
James G Levins, Erin C Argentieri, Daniel R Sturnick, Mack Gardner-Morse, Pamela M Vacek, Timothy W Tourville, Robert J Johnson, James R Slauterbeck, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Contralateral anterior cruciate ligament (CACL) injury after recovery from a first-time ACL rupture occurs at a high rate in young females; however, little is known about the risk factors associated with bilateral ACL trauma. HYPOTHESIS: The geometric characteristics of the contralateral knee at the time of the initial ACL injury are associated with risk of suffering a CACL injury in these female athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018545/concussion-in-field-hockey-a-retrospective-analysis-into-the-incidence-rates-mechanisms-symptoms-and-recovery-of-concussive-injuries-sustained-by-elite-field-hockey-players
#8
Michael Rossiter, Michael Challis
OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence and mechanisms of concussion in elite Field Hockey in different age groups and also the postconcussion symptoms and recovery times. METHODS: Data was collected retrospectively, for both training and matches, over a 12-month period from national level Field Hockey players across under-16, under-18, under-21, Development and Senior players. Mechanism of injury (including player role and field position), postconcussive symptoms and recovery times were recorded following a semistructured interview with each player...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017781/long-term-effects-of-sport-concussion-on-cognitive-and-motor-performance-a-review
#9
Douglas N Martini, Steven P Broglio
Motor and cognitive dysfunction is intractable sequela in the acute stage of concussion. While typical concussion recovery occurs in two weeks, empirical evidence suggests that some sequela persist beyond this period, though there is inconsistency surrounding the duration the sequela persist. In part, confusion around the issue is limited by the volume of literature evaluating those with a concussion history, permitting vast interpretations of significance. The purpose of this paper is to review the concussion history literature, summarizing the long-term effects of concussion history on motor and cognitive performance...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016479/the-effects-of-foam-rolling-as-a-recovery-tool-in-professional-soccer-players
#10
Ezequiel Rey, Alexis Padrón-Cabo, Pablo B Costa, Roberto Barcala-Furelos
Foam rolling (FR) is a common strategy used after training and competition by players. However, no previous studies have assessed the effectiveness of FR as recovery tool in sports populations. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of FR (20 minutes of foam rolling exercises on quadriceps, hamstrings, adductors, gluteals, and gastrocnemius) and passive recovery (20 minutes sit on a bench) interventions performed immediately after a training session on Total Quality Recovery (TQR), perceived muscle soreness, jump performance, agility, sprint, and flexibility 24 hours after the training...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994210/immunomagnetic-beads-based-isolation-of-erythropoietins-from-urine-and-blood-for-sports-anti-doping-control
#11
Philippe Desharnais, Jean-Francois Naud, Christiane Ayotte
According to World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) technical document for erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) analysis (TD2014EPO), double- blotting of serum/plasma samples is mandatory for all analysis by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and for the confirmation procedures (CP) performed by SDS-PAGE or SAR-PAGE. The goal is to prevent potential cross-reactions of the secondary antibody with remaining proteins in the purified samples. To this end, we have developed an immunopurification method of ESA in serum/plasma samples using a combination of streptavidin-coated immunomagnetic beads and biotinylated anti-EPO polyclonal antibodies...
October 9, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992742/the-effect-of-peroneal-muscle-strength-on-functional-outcomes-after-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-for-chronic-ankle-instability
#12
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Although the peroneal muscles are known to be the major dynamic lateral stabilizers of the ankle, little information is available regarding the change in muscle strength and relation with the outcomes after lateral ligament repair surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of peroneal strength on the validated functional outcome measures after the modified Broström procedure (MBP) for chronic ankle instability. METHODS: Forty-one patients (41 ankles) who underwent MBP using suture anchors were eligible and followed up to 2 years postoperatively...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979919/arthroscopic-stabilization-after-a-first-time-dislocation-collision-versus-contact-athletes
#13
Maximiliano Ranalletta, Luciano A Rossi, Ignacio Alonso Hidalgo, Adrian Sirio, Julieta Puig Dubois, Gastón D Maignon, Santiago L Bongiovanni
BACKGROUND: There is no universally accepted definition of "contact" or "collision" sports in the literature. The few available studies evaluating contact and collision sports consider them to be synonymous. However, athletes in collision sports purposely hit or collide with each other or with inanimate objects with greater force and frequency than in contact sports, which could jeopardize functional outcomes. PURPOSE: To compare the functional outcomes, return to sports, and recurrences in a series of contact and collision athletes with a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation treated using arthroscopic stabilization with suture anchors...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973180/first-time-sports-related-concussion-recovery-the-role-of-sex-age-and-sport
#14
John M Neidecker, David B Gealt, John R Luksch, Martin D Weaver
Background: Concussion is one of the most common injuries in athletes. Current concussion consensus statements propose that female sex may be a modifying factor in concussion management and recovery. Objective: To determine whether female athletes in middle school and high school with a first-time, sports-related concussion remained symptomatic longer than their male counterparts. Methods: A retrospective medical record analysis was performed among athletes who sustained a concussion between 2011 and 2013...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972854/the-effect-of-milk-on-recovery-from-repeat-sprint-cycling-in-female-team-sport-athletes
#15
Paula Rankin, Michael J Lawlor, Frank A Hills, Phillip G Bell, Emma J Stevenson, Emma Cockburn
The consumption of milk post-eccentric exercise attenuates the effects of muscle damage in team-sport athletes. However, participation in team sport involves both concentric-eccentric loading and metabolic stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of post-exercise milk consumption on recovery from a cycling protocol designed to simulate the metabolic demands of team sport. Ten female team-sport athletes participated in a randomised cross-over investigation. Upon completion of the protocol participants consumed 500ml of milk (MILK) or 500ml of an energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) drink...
October 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967326/cerebral-blood-flow-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-associations-between-symptoms-and-post-injury-perfusion
#16
Jaclyn A Stephens, Peiying Liu, Hanzang Lu, Stacy J Suskauer
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) has emerged as a technique for assessing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), as it can non-invasively evaluate cerebrovascular physiology. To date, there is substantial variability in methodology and findings of ASL studies of mTBI. While both increased and decreased perfusion are reported after mTBI, more consistency is emerging when perfusion is examined with regard to symptomology. We evaluated 15 teenage athletes 2 and 6 weeks after sports-related concussion (SRC group) using pseudo-continuous ASL...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962953/arachnoid-cyst-associated-chronic-subdural-hematoma-report-of-14-cases-and-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Xuanxuan Wu, Guichen Li, Jinchuan Zhao, Xiaobo Zhu, Yang Zhang, Kun Hou
BACKGROUND: Arachnoid cyst (AC) associated chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) differs a lot from its counterparts without AC in epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics, management, and prognosis. To further illustrate the epidemiological, demographic, and clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of AC associated CSDH. METHODS: A retrospective study of the medical records at the neurosurgical departments of two institutions was performed combined with a systematic PubMed search of the published studies written in English and Chinese...
September 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944252/anconeus-muscle-pedicle-bone-graft-with-periosteal-coverage-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-humeral-capitellum
#18
Kozo Shimada, Ko Temporin, Keiichiro Oura, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Ryosuke Noguchi
BACKGROUND: Treatment of advanced osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum is controversial, especially in moderate-sized lesions. PURPOSE: To establish a treatment algorithm for capitellum OCD, we tried to determine the utility of and problems associated with anconeus muscle-pedicle bone graft with periosteal coverage (ABGP) for the treatment of moderate-sized articular OCD defects of the capitellum. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944208/visual-efficiency-among-teenaged-athletes-and-non-athletes
#19
Rokiah Omar, Yau Meng Kuan, Nurul Atikah Zuhairi, Faudziah Abd Manan, Victor Feizal Knight
AIM: To compare visual efficiency, specifically accom-modation, vergence, and oculomotor functions among athletes and non-athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on sports vision screening was used to evaluate the visual skills of 214 elementary students (107 athletes, 107 non-athletes), aged between 13 and 16y. The visual screening assessed visual parameters such as ocular motor alignment, accommodation, and vergence functions. RESULTS: Mean visual parameters were compared between age-group matched athletes (mean age 14...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941759/osteitis-pubis-in-professional-football-players-mri-findings-and-correlation-with-clinical-outcome
#20
Francesco Gaudino, Daniel Spira, Yannic Bangert, Henning Ott, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Marc-André Weber
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteitis pubis (OP), a common pathology in elite athletes, is an aseptic inflammatory process of the pubic symphysis bone, and may involve surrounding soft tissues, tendons and muscles. OP is typically characterized by (often recurring) groin pain and is an important cause of time-off from sports activity in athletes. Aim of this retrospective study was to analyze magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in professional football players with clinical diagnosis of OP and to correlate MRI findings with clinical outcome...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
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