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Postransplant lymphomas

Claudio Ponticelli, Maria Rosaria Campise
Neurological complications are frequent in renal transplant recipients and may largely contribute to morbidity and mortality. The postransplant neurological complications may be categorized into five areas: 1) Immunosuppressive medications, 2) stroke, 3) peripheral neuropathies, 4) infection, and 5) malignancies. A number of complications are directly caused by the neurotoxicity of immunosuppressive agents. Calcineurin-inhibitors may cause mild symptoms, such as tremors and paresthesia, or severe symptoms, such as disabling pain syndrome and leukoencephalopathy...
September 2005: Journal of Nephrology
M J Rodríguez Salazar, J M Raya Sánchez, R Rodríguez Sánchez, M M Alonso Socas, M L Brito Barroso, L Hernández Nieto
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a recently individualized form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (WHO classification) that mainly develops in HIV infected males, more frequently in homosexuals and advanced stages of the disease (total CD4+ lymphocyte count below 100-200/mL). Occasionally, it appears in others immunodepressive states (such as solid organs postransplant period) and even, although very rarelly, in immunocompetents patients. From a pathogenetic point of view, PEL has been related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (also named human herpesvirus 8) and to the clinical antecedent of Kaposís sarcoma...
April 2004: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Blanca Xicoy, Josep-María Ribera, Jordi Esteve, Salut Brunet, Miguel-Angel Sanz, Pascual Fernández-Abellán, Evarist Feliu
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and Burkitt-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are uncommon lymphoproliferative disorders after solid organ or stem cell transplantation. Although their prognosis is considered to be poor, there are scarce data on the clinical characteristics and the response to specific therapies. We report the main clinical characteristics and the results of a specific intensive chemotherapy in 5 adult patients with postransplant BL/ALL3 included in the PETHEMA ALL3/97 protocol. Two patients died in induction, another died in consolidation phase and the remaining 2 patients are in continuous complete remission 6 and 18 months from the diagnosis...
September 2003: Leukemia & Lymphoma
D Rogulj, D Batinić, D Nemet, M Petrovecki
AIM: Multivariate analysis of the prognostic significance of clinical and laboratory parameters on hematological recovery after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: Sixty-two patients suffering from hematological and non-hematological malignancies entered the study. After conditioning therapy, 28 patients received bone marrow stem cells, 21 received peripheral blood stem cells, and 13 received both. The dynamic of hematological engraftment was calculated as recovery probability of leukocytes and neutrophils...
September 1999: Croatian Medical Journal
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