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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223010/pelvic-abscess-complicating-sigmoid-colon-perforation-by-migrating-intrauterine-device-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Omar Toumi, Houssem Ammar, Abdessalem Ghdira, Amine Chhaidar, Wided Trimech, Rahul Gupta, Randa Salem, Jamel Saad, Ibtissem Korbi, Mohamed Nasr, Faouzi Noomen, Mondher Golli, Khadija Zouari
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are commonly used as a contraceptive method. However, they may cause rare but potentially serious complications such as migration through the uterine wall and gastrointestinal perforation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 26-year woman, carrying an IUD for 2 years, who presented to the emergency with pelvic pain with breakthrough bleeding. Abdominal imaging revealed the presence of two devices the first of which was located in the uterine cavity and the other in the wall of the sigmoid colon associated with a 5-centimeter pelvic collection...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220088/multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-applied-through-seed-priming-influence-early-germination-root-hair-growth-and-yield-of-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#2
Anjali Joshi, Simranjeet Kaur, Keya Dharamvir, Harsh Nayyar, Gaurav Verma
BACKGROUND: Reports of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) incorporated into plants have indicated better yield and productivity, yet the phenomena needs in-depth understanding especially when agricultural crops are tested. We primed wheat seeds with MWCNT to understand the effects on germination, growth, anatomy, physiology and yield. RESULT: This study, carried out in field conditions is a step forward over the previous reports. Early germination, excessive root hair, denser stomata & larger root length result in faster growth and higher yield of wheat plants...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218990/heat-assisted-inkjet-printing-of-tungsten-oxide-for-high-performance-ultraviolet-photodetectors
#3
Brent Cook, Qingfeng Liu, Jackson Butler, Keifer Smith, Karen Shi, Dan Ewing, Matthew Casper, Alex Stramel, Alan Elliot, Judy Z Wu
An ammonium metatungstate precursor ink (WO3Pr) was printed for tungsten oxide (WO3) ultraviolet (UV) detectors on SiO2/Si wafers with prefabricated Au electrodes. A systematic study was carried out on the printing parameters including substrate temperature in the range of 22-80 oC, WO3Pr molar concentrations of 0.01, 0.02 and 0.03 M, and printing scan number up to 7 to understand their effects on the resulted WO3 film morphology and optoelectronic properties. It has been found that the printing parameters can sensitively affect the WO3 film morphology, which in turn impacts the WO3 photodetector performance...
December 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218830/effectiveness-of-vocabulary-intervention-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#4
Lisa Wright, Tim Pring, Susan Ebbels
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) frequently have difficulties with word learning and understanding vocabulary. For these children, this can significantly impact on social interactions, daily activities and academic progress. Although there is literature providing a rationale for targeting word learning in such children, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of specific interventions in this area for children with identified DLD. AIMS: To establish whether direct one-to-one intervention for children with DLD over 9 years of age leads to improved abilities to identify, comprehend, define, and use nouns and verbs targeted in intervention as compared with non-targeted control items and whether or not the participants' rating of their own knowledge of the words changes with intervention...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218681/management-strategies-to-facilitate-optimal-outcomes-for-patients-treated-with-delayed-release-dimethyl-fumarate
#5
Lori Mayer, Mary Kay Fink, Carrie Sammarco, Lisa Laing
Delayed-release dimethyl fumarate is an oral disease-modifying therapy that has demonstrated significant efficacy in adults with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Incidences of flushing and gastrointestinal adverse events are common in the first month after delayed-release dimethyl fumarate initiation. Our objective was to propose mitigation strategies for adverse events related to initiation of delayed-release dimethyl fumarate in the treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis. Studies of individually developed mitigation strategies and chart reviews were evaluated...
December 7, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218253/clinical-applications-of-urinary-cell-free-dna-in-cancer-current-insights-and-promising-future
#6
REVIEW
Tian Lu, Jinming Li
Liquid biopsy is gaining significant attention as a tool for unveiling the molecular landscape of tumor and holds great promise for individualized medicine for cancer. Cell-free DNA serves as an extremely important component of liquid biopsy for cancer, and cell-free DNA in urine is even promising due to the remarkable advantage of urine as an ultra-noninvasive sample source over tissue and blood. Compared with the widely studied cell-free DNA in blood, less is known about the role of urinary cell-free DNA...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217292/functional-incapacity-related-to-rotator-cuff-syndrome-in-workers-is-it-influenced-by-social-characteristics-and-medical-management
#7
Romain Champagne, Julie Bodin, Natacha Fouquet, Yves Roquelaure, Audrey Petit
STUDY DESIGN: Survey. INTRODUCTION: Rotator cuff syndrome (RCS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders reported in workers. The functional incapacity related to RCS may vary according to the sociodemographic context and to the medical management. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this is to analyze the RCS-related functional incapacity assessed by the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaires in workers according to their sociodemographic characteristics and the use of care...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215380/applying-the-ottawa-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-rule-on-a-cohort-of-emergency-department-patients-with-headache
#8
Kevin H Chu, Gerben Keijzers, Jeremy S Furyk, Robert M Eley, Frances B Kinnear, Ogilvie N Thom, Tegwen E Howell, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Joseph Y S Ting, Anthony F T Brown
OBJECTIVE: The Ottawa subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) rule suggests that alert patients older than 15 years with a severe nontraumatic headache reaching maximum intensity within 1 h and absence of high-risk variables effectively have a SAH ruled out. We aimed to determine the proportion of emergency department (ED) patients with any headache fulfilling the entry criteria for the Ottawa SAH rule. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Ottawa SAH rule was applied retrospectively in a substudy of a prospective snapshot of 34 EDs in Queensland, Australia, carried out over 4 weeks in September 2014...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214946/psychosomatic-and-psychosocial-questions-regarding-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know-or-what-do-we-think-we-know
#9
Stephan Herpertz, Henrik Kessler, Sebastian Jongen
SUBJECT: In view of the epidemic increase in severe obesity and the ineffectiveness of conservative weight-loss interventions, bariatric surgery delivers compelling results for patients with class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m²) and class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²), not only in reducing weight over the long term, but also in reducing obesity-related somatic comorbidity and improving psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Investigations into the psychosocial aspects of obesity surgery have proliferated over the last 15 years, providing a huge amount of essential research data...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214149/measurements-of-radiofrequency-radiation-with-a-body-borne-exposimeter-in-swedish-schools-with-wi-fi
#10
Lena K Hedendahl, Michael Carlberg, Tarmo Koppel, Lennart Hardell
Introduction: Wireless access to the Internet is now commonly used in schools. Many schools give each student their own laptop and utilize the laptops and wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) connection for educational purposes. Most children also bring their own mobile phones to school. Since children are obliged by law to attend school, a safe environment is important. Lately, it has been discussed if radiofrequency (RF) radiation can have long-term adverse effects on children's health. Method: This study conducted exposimetric measurements in schools to assess RF emissions in the classroom by measuring the teachers' RF exposure in order to approximate the children's exposure...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213185/crude-fucoidan-content-in-two-north-atlantic-kelp-species-saccharina-latissima-and-laminaria-digitata-seasonal-variation-and-impact-of-environmental-factors
#11
Annette Bruhn, Tina Janicek, Dirk Manns, Mette Møller Nielsen, Thorsten Johannes Skovbjerg Balsby, Anne S Meyer, Michael Bo Rasmussen, Xiaoru Hou, Bodo Saake, Cordula Göke, Anne Belinda Bjerre
Fucoidans are sulphated fucose-rich polysaccharides predominantly found in the cell walls of brown algae. The bioactive properties of fucoidans attract increasing interest from the medico-pharmaceutical industries and may drive an increase in demand of brown algae biomass. In nature, the biochemical composition of brown algae displays a seasonal fluctuation driven by environmental factors and endogenous rhythms. To cultivate and harvest kelps with high yields of fucoidans, knowledge is needed on seasonal variation and impact of environmental conditions on the fucoidan content of brown algae...
2017: Journal of Applied Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212534/engaging-a-rural-community-in-identifying-determinants-of-low-birth-weight-and-deciding-on-measures-to-improve-low-birth-weight-an-experience-from-a-sri-lankan-study
#12
N D Galmangoda Guruge, M Goonasekara, S D Dharmaratne, M W Gunathunga
BACKGROUND: Involving communities in identifying and addressing determinants of their own health is effective in addressing complex problems, such as low birth weight (LBW). LBW is an important public health problem which has not improved significantly in Sri Lanka in the last 10 years. This study reports the ability of lay persons to identify and address determinants of LBW. METHODS: A health promotion intervention was conducted among 403 mothers registering at 26 antenatal clinics in the district of Anuradhapura, in Sri Lanka...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212367/assessment-of-patient-and-surgical-variables-including-residency-training-level-on-adverse-events-after-ureteroscopy-for-ureteral-stones-a-multivariate-analysis
#13
Carrie Johans, Woodson Smelser, Chelsea DeRoche, Jack Campbell, James Cummings
Purpose With advances in technology, ureteroscopy is increasingly utilized for the management of urolithiasis. Previous studies have attempted to characterize the post-operative complication and readmission rates relative to the technical difficulty of the procedure. There is limited data exploring resident level of training and its effect on adverse outcomes in these cases. We review our experience with ureteroscopy to create a model to predict factors, including resident experience,that affect rates of post-operative complications Materials and Methods We reviewed ureteroscopies performed at our academic facility from January 2009 to December 2013...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211200/air-pollution-and-hospitalizations-in-the-largest-brazilian-metropolis
#14
Nelson Gouveia, Flavia Prado Corrallo, Antônio Carlos Ponce de Leon, Washington Junger, Clarice Umbelino de Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of air pollution on hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in the largest Brazilian metropolis. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, Brazil. Environmental data were obtained from the network of monitoring stations of nine municipalities. Air pollution exposure was measured by daily means of PM10 (particles with a nominal mean aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm) per municipality, while daily counts of hospitalizations for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases within the Brazilian Unified Health System were the outcome...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210136/identifying-acceptable-components-for-home-based-health-promotion-services-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-a-qualitative-study
#15
Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Ana Jovicic, Ann E M Liljas, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Benjamin Gardner, Christina Avgerinou, Claire Goodman, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
Mild frailty is common in later life, increasing the risk of hospitalisation, loss of independence and premature death. Targeted health promotion services may reduce adverse outcomes and increase quality of life; however, effective, well-developed theory-based interventions are lacking. We aimed to explore perceptions of health promotion behaviours undertaken by older people with mild frailty, barriers and facilitators to engagement, and identify potential components for new home-based health promotion services...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205119/activity-of-rifabutin-and-hemi-synthetic-derivatives-against-mycobacterium-abscessus
#16
Ivy B Ramis, Ricardo Figueiredo, Daniela F Ramos, Priscila C B Halicki, Andrea von Groll, Miguel Viveiros, Maria do Ceu Costa, Pedro E A da Silva
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium abscessus causes a wide range of clinical diseases that are difficult to treat. This microorganism is resistant not only to the classical antituberculosis agents but also to most of the antimicrobials that are currently available, resulting in limited therapeutic options and treatment failure. This scenario stresses the need to search for new drugs with activity against M. abscessus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in vitro the antimycobacterial activity and cytotoxicity of rifabutin (RFB 1) and ten derivatives (2-11) against M...
December 3, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204288/potency-of-cashew-nut-shell-liquid-in-rumen-modulation-under-different-dietary-conditions-and-indication-of-its-surfactant-action-against-rumen-bacteria
#17
Seongjin Oh, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Shusuke Hayashi, Yutaka Suzuki, Satoshi Koike, Yasuo Kobayashi
Background: Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) is an agricultural byproduct containing alkylphenols that has been shown to favorably change the rumen fermentation pattern only under experimentally fixed feeding conditions. Investigation of CNSL potency in rumen modulation under a variety of feeding regimens, and evidence leading to the understanding of CNSL action are obviously necessary for further CNSL applications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency of CNSL for rumen modulation under different dietary conditions, and to visually demonstrate its surfactant action against selected rumen bacteria...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203682/reasons-why-people-do-not-attend-nhs-health-checks-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#18
Emma Harte, Calum MacLure, Adam Martin, Catherine L Saunders, Catherine Meads, Fiona M Walter, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant, Juliet A Usher-Smith
BACKGROUND: The NHS Health Check programme is a prevention initiative offering cardiovascular risk assessment and management advice to adults aged 40-74 years across England. Its effectiveness depends on uptake. When it was introduced in 2009, it was anticipated that all those eligible would be invited over a 5-year cycle and 75% of those invited would attend. So far in the current cycle from 2013 to 2018, 33.8% of those eligible have attended, which is equal to 48.5% of those invited to attend...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202900/food-allergen-labeling-a-latin-american-approach
#19
Maria Cristina Lopez
Food allergy is a public health concern almost all over the world. Although most of the countries that regulate the declaration of allergens in prepackaged foods include the list recommended by the Codex Alimentarius, some countries have added other allergens to this list due to prevalence data and regional incidence, whereas others have incorporated exceptions for some products derived from allergenic foods. Within this context, the situation in Latin America regarding these regulations is diverse. Data about prevalence of food hypersensitivity are very limited in the region...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202304/development-and-validation-of-an-uhplc-ms-ms-method-for-%C3%AE-2-agonists-quantification-in-human-urine-and-application-to-clinical-samples
#20
Cristina Bozzolino, Marta Leporati, Federica Gani, Cinzia Ferrero, Marco Vincenti
A fast analytical method for the simultaneous detection of 24 β2-agonists in human urine was developed and validated. The method covers the therapeutic drugs most commonly administered, but also potentially abused β2-agonists. The procedure is based on enzymatic deconjugation with β-glucuronidase followed by SPE clean up using mixed-phase cartridges with both ion-exchange and lipophilic properties. Instrumental analysis conducted by UHPLC-MS/MS allowed high peak resolution and rapid chromatographic separation, with reduced time and costs...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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