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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143624/randomized-controlled-pilot-of-a-group-antenatal-care-model-and-the-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-empowerment-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
Crystal L Patil, Carrie S Klima, Sebalda C Leshabari, Alana D Steffen, Heather Pauls, Molly McGown, Kathleen F Norr
BACKGROUND: The links between empowerment and a number of health-related outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa have been documented, but empowerment related to pregnancy is under-investigated. Antenatal care (ANC) is the entry point into the healthcare system for most women, so it is important to understand how ANC affects aspects of women's sense of control over their pregnancy. We compare pregnancy-related empowerment for women randomly assigned to the standard of care versus CenteringPregnancy-based group ANC (intervention) in two sub-Saharan countries, Malawi and Tanzania...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142614/repeatability-analysis-of-airborne-electromagnetic-surveys
#2
Avril Hegarty, Gerry Stanley, Eugene Kashdan, Jim Hodgson, Andrew C Parnell
Purpose: We provide methods for determining the repeatability of airborne electromagnetic surveys when conducted at different altitudes over a number of repeated flights. Our data arise from the TELLUS project carried out by the Geological Surveys of Ireland and Northern Ireland and we examine the repeatability of the apparent resistivity at different frequencies. Methods: After considering a number of issues with the data, we propose two different models from the functional data analysis literature; a Weiner process with random effects, and a penalised spline smoother...
2017: Math Ind Case Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141710/pesticide-residue-analysis-in-fruit-and-vegetable-based-baby-foods-using-gc-orbitrap-ms
#3
Ana Lozano, Samanta Uclés, Ana Uclés, Carmen Ferrer, Amadeo R Fernández-Alba
This paper presents an efficiency evaluation of GC coupled with quadrupole Orbitrap MS for identification andquantitation in the multiresidue pesticide analysis of baby foods in full-scan mode. The identification criteria were studied following SANTE guidelines (retention time, mass accuracy, and ion ratio), comfortably complying with the values established, even at 0.003 mg/kg. Method validation was carried out on 15 selected GC-amenable pesticides covered by Commission Directive No. 2006/125/EC in three different baby food matrixes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139303/effects-of-chinese-urban-public-hospitals-reform-on-revenue-and-compensation-after-removing-drug-markups-case-of-nanjing
#4
Wenxi Tang, Jing Xie, Yijuan Lu, Qizhi Liu, Daniel Malone, Aixia Ma
AIMS: The State Council of China requires that all urban public hospitals must eliminate drug markups by September 2017, and that hospital drugs must be sold at the purchase price. Nanjing-the first city to implement the reform-is studied to evaluate the effects of the comprehensive reform on drug prices in public hospitals and to explore differential compensation plans. METHODS: Sixteen hospitals were selected and financial data were collected over the 48-month period before the reform and for 12 months after the reform...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139110/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-reducing-poverty-and-vulnerabilities-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Roman Pabayo, Ruhi Saith, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs; provided without obligation) for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities (e.g. orphanhood, old age or HIV infection) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses a key social determinant of health (income) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The relative effectiveness of UCTs compared with conditional cash transfers (CCTs; provided so long as the recipient engages in prescribed behaviours such as using a health service or attending school) is unknown...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138585/a-comparative-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes-and-disposable-costs-of-different-catheter-ablation-methods-for-the-treatment-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia
#6
Adam E Berman, Harold Rivner, Robin Chalkley, Vahé Heboyan
Background: Catheter ablation of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is a commonly performed electrophysiology (EP) procedure. Few data exist comparing conventional (CONV) versus novel ablation strategies from both clinical and direct cost perspectives. We sought to investigate the disposable costs and clinical outcomes associated with three different ablation methodologies used in the ablation of AVNRT. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of AVNRT ablations performed at Augusta University Medical Center from 2006 to 2014...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138207/impact-of-improved-insulation-and-heating-on-mortality-risk-of-older-cohort-members-with-prior-cardiovascular-or-respiratory-hospitalisations
#7
Nicholas Preval, Michael Keall, Lucy Telfar-Barnard, Arthur Grimes, Philippa Howden-Chapman
OBJECTIVES: We carried out an evaluation of a large-scale New Zealand retrofit programme using administrative data that provided the statistical power to assess the effect of insulation and/or heating retrofits on cardiovascular and respiratory-related mortality in people aged 65 and over with prior respiratory or circulatory hospitalisations. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental cohort study based on administrative data. SETTING: New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: From a larger study cohort of over 900 000 people, we selected two subcohorts: 3287 people who were aged 65 and over and had experienced pretreatment period cardiovascular-related hospitalisation (ICD-10 chapter 9), and 1561 people aged 65 and over who had experienced pretreatment respiratory-related hospitalisation (ICD-10 chapter 10)...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136912/a-new-procedure-for-high-precision-isotope-ratio-determinations-of-u-cu-and-zn-at-nanogram-levels-in-cultured-human-cells-what-are-the-limiting-factors
#8
Eduardo Paredes, Emilie Avazeri, Véronique Malard, Claude Vidaud, Richard Ortega, Anthony Nonell, Hélène Isnard, Frédéric Chartier, Carole Bresson
The monitoring of isotopic fractionations in in vitro cultured human cell samples is a very promising and under-exploited tool to help identify the metabolic processes leading to disease-induced isotopic fractionations or decipher metabolic pathways of toxic metals in these samples. One of the limitations is that the analytes are often present at small amounts, ranging from tens to hundreds of ng, thus making challenging low-uncertainty isotope ratio determinations. Here we present a new procedure for U, Cu and Zn purification and isotope ratio determinations in cultured human neuron-like cells exposed to natural U...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136905/evaluation-of-electrochemical-uv-vis-and-raman-spectroelectrochemical-detection-of-naratriptan-with-screen-printed-electrodes
#9
Carla Navarro Hernández, Daniel Martín-Yerga, María Begoña González-García, David Hernández-Santos, Pablo Fanjul-Bolado
Naratriptan, active pharmaceutical ingredient with antimigraine activity was electrochemically detected in untreated screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). Cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry were used to carry out quantitative analysis of this molecule (in a Britton-Robinson buffer solution at pH 3.0) through its irreversible oxidation (diffusion controlled) at a potential of +0.75V (vs. Ag pseudoreference electrode). Naratriptan oxidation product is an indole based dimer with a yellowish colour (maximum absorption at 320nm) so UV-VIS spectroelectrochemistry technique was used for the very first time as an in situ characterization and quantification technique for this molecule...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134063/diverse-fen-plant-communities-enhance-carbon-related-multifunctionality-but-do-not-mitigate-negative-effects-of-drought
#10
Bjorn J M Robroek, Vincent E J Jassey, Boudewijn Beltman, Mariet M Hefting
Global change, like droughts, can destabilize the carbon sink function of peatlands, either directly or indirectly through changes in plant community composition. While the effects of drought and plant community composition on individual carbon (C) related processes are well understood, their effect on multiple C-related processes simultaneously-multifunctionality-is poorly known. We studied the effect of drought on four C-related processes (net and gross CO2 exchange, methane fluxes, and dissolved organic carbon content) in a plant removal experiment...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134048/the-cognitive-and-motivation-intervention-program-in-youth-female-volleyball-players
#11
Fernando Claver, Ruth Jiménez, Alexander Gil-Arias, Alberto Moreno, M Perla Moreno
This study, grounded in Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2002) was aimed to determine the influence of a cognitive-motivational intervention program, to improve the basic psychological need satisfaction of autonomy and competence, autonomous motivation, procedural knowledge, perceived performance and sport commitment, in youth volleyball players. Participants included 34 Under-19 female volleyball players. A quasi-experimental design was carried out with an experimental group (n = 16; M = 17...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133969/treatment-of-chronic-lower-extremity-ulcers-with-a-new-er-yag-laser-technology
#12
J M Alcolea, E Hernández, P A Martínez-Carpio, M Vélez, V Khomchenko, A Sola, M A Trelles
Chronic lower extremity ulcers (CLEUs) have a high prevalence and are difficult to treat due to their various aetiologies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results achieved in treating CLEUs using an Erbium: YAG (Er:YAG) laser with RecoSMA technology. This laser emits thousands of microbeams of energy causing superficial epidermal ablation and a separation of dermal fibres due to a mechanical-acoustic and resonance effect. The evaluation of the results achieved was carried out by questionnaires completed by 18 patients enrolled in the study...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132365/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-under-five-mortality-in-rural-bangladesh-evidence-from-seven-national-surveys-spreading-over-20%C3%A2-years
#13
Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in health and mortality remains a disturbing reality across nations including Bangladesh. Inequality drew renewed attention globally. Bangladesh though made impressive progress in health, it makes an interesting case for learning. This paper examined the trends and changing pattern of socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality in rural Bangladesh. It also examined whether mother's education had any effect in reducing socioeconomic inequalities...
November 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130583/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-in-the-management-of-biliary-complications-after-paediatric-liver-transplantation
#15
Sivaramakrishnan Venkatesh Karthik, Seng-Hock Quak, Marion M Aw
BACKGROUND: The published paediatric experience with Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) in the diagnosis and management of biliary complications following liver transplantation (LT) is limited. AIMS: We describe our experience with ERCP in the management of children following LT who presented with biliary complications, over a 20 year period (1995-2014). METHODS: The retrospectively reviewed data is summarized descriptively...
November 11, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130509/arfhpv-e7-oncogene-lncrna-hotair-mir-331-3p-and-its-target-nrp2-form-a-negative-feedback-loop-to-regulate-the-apoptosis-in-the-tumorigenesis-in-hpv-positive-cervical-cancer
#16
Min Zhang, Yinghui Song, Furui Zhai
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore the role of HOTAIR in the development of cervical cancer, as well as its downstream signaling pathway. METHOD: We conducted computational analysis, luciferase assay to explore downstream of HOTAIR and miR-331-3p. Real-time PCR and western-blot were carried out to detect the relationship among E7, HOTAIR, miR-331-3p, NRP2 and P53. Finally, MTT assay and flow cytometry analysis were performed to validate the effect of E7 and miR-331-3p on cell apoptosis and proliferation...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128982/actionable-secondary-findings-from-whole-genome-sequencing-of-954-east-asians
#17
Clara Sze-Man Tang, Saloni Dattani, Man-Ting So, Stacey S Cherny, Paul K H Tam, Pak C Sham, Maria-Mercè Garcia-Barcelo
Recently, the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) recommended the return of actionable secondary findings detected from clinical sequencing. The reported frequency of secondary findings in Asian populations were highly variable and it is unclear whether the uniformity in coverage offered by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) may impact the estimate. In this analysis, we aimed to refine the rate of secondary findings on East Asians through a large-scale WGS study. We classified 1256 protein-altering or splicing variants of the 59 actionable genes detected from WGS of 954 East Asians in strict accordance with the ACMG and the Association for Molecular Pathology guidelines...
November 11, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128738/simulation-of-a-love-wave-device-with-zno-nanorods-for-high-mass-sensitivity
#18
Shyam Trivedi, Harshal B Nemade
The paper presents 3D finite element simulation and analysis of Love wave resonator with different guiding layer materials and investigation of the coupled resonance effect with ZnO nanorods on the device surface. Analytical estimation of phase velocity and mass sensitivity of Love wave device with SiO2, ZnO, gold, SU-8, and parylene-C as guiding layer materials is performed for comparative analysis. Simulations are carried out to study the variation in electromechanical coupling coefficient, displacement profile and frequency response of the Love wave resonator...
November 3, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126661/a-supermarket-double-dollar-incentive-program-increases-purchases-of-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-among-low-income-families-with-children-the-healthy-double-study
#19
Michele Polacsek, Alyssa Moran, Anne N Thorndike, Rebecca Boulos, Rebecca L Franckle, Julie C Greene, Dan J Blue, Jason P Block, Eric B Rimm
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a pilot study to determine whether a supermarket double-dollar fruit and vegetable (F&V) incentive increases F&V purchases among low-income families. DESIGN: Randomized controlled design. Purchases were tracked using a loyalty card that provided participants with a 5% discount on all purchases during a 3-month baseline period followed by the 4-month intervention. SETTING: A supermarket in a low-income rural Maine community...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122341/effects-of-prescribed-fire-for-pasture-management-on-soil-organic-matter-and-biological-properties-a-1-year-study-case-in-the-central-pyrenees
#20
Antonio Girona-García, David Badía-Villas, Clara Martí-Dalmau, Oriol Ortiz-Perpiñá, Juan Luis Mora, Cecilia M Armas-Herrera
Prescribed burning has been readopted in the last decade in the Central Pyrenees to stop the regression of subalpine grasslands in favour of shrublands, dominated among others by Echinospartum horridum (Vahl) Rothm. Nevertheless, the effect of this practice on soil properties is uncertain. The aim of this work was to analyse the effects of these burnings on topsoil organic matter and biological properties. Soil sampling was carried out in an autumnal prescribed fire in Buisán (NE-Spain, November 2015). Topsoil was sampled at 0-1cm, 1-2cm and 2-3cm depth in triplicate just before (U), ~1h (B0), 6months (B6) and 12months (B12) after burning...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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