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Cancer autoantibody

Song Liu, Ying Zhu, Lie-Wen Lin, Shun-Kai Ding, Xiao-Cong Lin, Ke-Li Zhong, Kai Pan, Yong Dai
Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common type of cancer and the second most common cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. B cell-associated autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens are attractive biomarkers for the development of noninvasive serological tests for the early detection of cancer. This is due to their specificity and stability in the sera. In the present study multiplex polymerase chain reaction and Illumina high-throughput sequencing (HTS) was used to study the composition and variation of the B cell receptor (BCR) complimentary-determining region 3 (CDR3) in GC...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuting Xiu, Baosheng Sun, Yongli Jiang, Aifu Wang, Linlin Liu, Ying Liu, Shilong Sun, Mingmei Huangfu
BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated antigen overexpression, which has been reported in many types of cancers, may trigger autoantibody secretion. The present study was designed to test whether levels of circulating autoantibodies to survivin protein-derived antigens is altered in liver, esophageal, breast, and lung cancers. METHODS: Patients with liver (144), esophageal (159), breast (124), and lung cancers (267), and healthy volunteers (362) were recruited for the study, and serum samples were collected for ELISA autoantibody analysis...
June 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Annie N Samraj, Kimberly A Bertrand, Robert Luben, Zahra Khedri, Hai Yu, Dzung Nguyen, Christopher J Gregg, Sandra L Diaz, Sherilyn Sawyer, Xi Chen, Heather Eliassen, Vered Padler-Karavani, Kana Wu, Kay-Tee Khaw, Walter Willett, Ajit Varki
BACKGROUND: N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) is a non-human red-meat-derived sialic acid immunogenic to humans. Neu5Gc can be metabolically incorporated into glycan chains on human endothelial and epithelial surfaces. This represents the first example of a "xeno-autoantigen", against which circulating human "xeno-autoantibodies" can react. The resulting inflammation ("xenosialitis") has been demonstrated in human-like Neu5Gc-deficient mice and contributed to carcinoma progression via antibody-mediated inflammation...
2018: PloS One
Alexandru Vlagea, Sandra Falagan, Gerardo Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Juan Moreno-Rubio, María Merino, Francisco Zambrana, Enrique Casado, María Sereno
Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are a spectrum of autoantibodies targeted to various nuclear and cytoplasmic components of the cells. They are very useful as serological markers for different autoimmune disease, like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), scleroderma, polymyositis, or mixed connective tissue disease. In these years, an increasing attention has been focussed in the relationship between tumours and autoimmunity. Different authors have demonstrated that ANAs are presented, not only in autoimmune diseases, also in serum of patients with different types of cancers...
July 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Ting-Ting Li, Hao Liu, Jiang Yu, Guang-Yao Shi, Li-Ying Zhao, Guo-Xin Li
Gastric cancer (GC), with its high incidence and mortality rates, is a highly fatal cancer that is common in East Asia particularly in China. Its recurrence and metastasis are the main causes of its poor prognosis. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) or other blood biomarkers that are released into the circulating blood stream by tumors are thought to play a crucial role in the recurrence and metastasis of gastric cancer. Therefore, the detection of CTCs and other blood biomarkers has an important clinical significance; in fact, they can help predict the prognosis, assess the staging, monitor the therapeutic effects and determine the drug susceptibility...
June 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Lucia M Sur, Emanuela Floca, Daniel G Sur, Marius C Colceriu, Gabriel Samasca, Genel Sur
Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are autoantibodies that attack self-proteins within cell nucleus structures; their presence in serum may indicate an autoimmune disease. Also, positive ANA test results have been obtained in chronic infectious diseases, cancers, medication-related adverse events, and even healthy individuals. As a result, a correct interpretation of the presence of ANAs is needed.Identification of ANAs subtypes is an important part of clinical immunology. The presence of ANAs in patient blood specimens is detected using a cell-line substrate from human laryngeal carcinoma (HEp-2 cells)...
June 2, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
Katrin Kreienbring, Annika Franz, Rolf Richter, Duska Dragun, Harald Heidecke, Dominik Müller, Monika Mentze, Ralf Dechend, Jalid Sehouli, Elena Ioana Braicu
AIM: This study aimed to analyze the predictive, prognostic and diagnostic value of autoantibodies to coagulation factor II thrombin receptor (F2R; protease-activated receptor 1, PAR1) (PAR1-AB) in patients with primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 197 patients with primary EOC and 200 healthy female blood donors were included in the study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was applied to determine PAR1-AB levels in blood sera taken preoperatively...
June 2018: Anticancer Research
Macym T Rizvi, Lauren Cameron, Camilla Kilbane, Aasef G Shaikh
Seesaw nystagmus is characterized by the rhythmic combination of vertical and torsional dysconjugate oscillations where one eye moves up and inward while the other moves down and outward. Common association of seesaw nystagmus with accessory optic track lesions lead to traditional hypothesis that it is due to the mismatch in the vision and vestibular systems. Here we propose a novel mechanism for seesaw nystagmus. We hypothesize that reverberations due to abnormal increases in the excitability of the reciprocally innervating circuit of excitatory burst neuron in the midbrain interstitial nucleus of Cajal causes the seesaw nystagmus...
July 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Liwei Weng, Lili Guo, Anil Vachani, Clementina A Mesaros, Ian Alexander Blair
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), is a non-histone chromosomal protein, which can be secreted through a variety of pathways and bind to pattern recognition receptors to release pro-inflammatory cytokines. Previous studies have suggested that HMGB1 is up-regulated in numerous inflammatory diseases and that it could be a biomarker for such diseases. However, these studies used immunoassay-based methods to analyze serum HMGB1. Autoantibodies to HMGB1 in serum are found in healthy control subjects as well as in patients with different diseases...
May 23, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
John Edelsberg, Derek Weycker, Mark Atwood, Geoffrey Hamilton-Fairley, James R Jett
OBJECTIVE: Patients who have incidentally detected pulmonary nodules and an estimated intermediate risk (5-60%) of lung cancer frequently are followed via computed tomography (CT) surveillance to detect nodule growth, despite guidelines for a more aggressive diagnostic strategy. We examined the cost-effectiveness of an autoantibody test (AABT)-Early Cancer Detection Test-Lung (EarlyCDT-LungTM)-as an aid to early diagnosis of lung cancer among such patients. METHODS: We developed a decision-analytic model to evaluate use of the AABT versus CT surveillance alone...
2018: PloS One
Panagiota S Filippou, Annie H Ren, Dimitrios Korbakis, Lampros Dimitrakopoulos, Antoninus Soosaipillai, Vivian Barak, Shahar Frenkel, Jacob Pe'er, Michal Lotem, Sharon Merims, Rafael Molina, Ivan Blasutig, Dimitrios P Bogdanos, Eleftherios P Diamandis
BACKGROUND: Mucin 13 (MUC13) is a cell surface glycoprotein aberrantly expressed in a variety of epithelial carcinomas. Thus far, the role of MUC13 in various diseases remains elusive. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the potential of MUC13 as a serum biomarker in a variety of carcinomas and other conditions. METHODS: We developed a recombinant MUC13 protein, mouse monoclonal antibodies and enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) for MUC13. We used this assay to measure MUC13 levels in the supernatants of cancer cell lines and a large cohort of serum samples from healthy and diseased individuals...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Mariko Ogawa-Momohara, Yoshinao Muro, Teruyuki Mitsuma, Masao Katayama, Koichi Yanaba, Mizuho Nara, Masao Kakeda, Michihiro Kono, Masashi Akiyama
OBJECTIVES: Transcription intermediary factor 1γ (ΤΙF1γ) protein is known as a tumour suppressor that promotes cellular differentiation. Autoantibodies to ΤΙF1γ have a strong clinical association with cancers associated with dermatomyositis (DM). This study aims to identify the clinical characteristics of cancers in anti-ΤΙF1γ antibody-positive adult patients with DM. METHODS: This retrospective analysis covered 160 adult DM patients who visited Nagoya University Hospital or collaborating medical centres between 2003 and 2016...
May 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Anastasia Zekeridou, Guy E Griesmann, Vanda A Lennon
INTRODUCTION: Anti-tumor immune responses are postulated to initiate paraneoplastic neurological disorders when proteins normally restricted to neural cells are expressed as oncoproteins. Mutated oncopeptides could bypass self-tolerant T-cells to activate cytotoxic effector T-lymphocytes and requisite helper T-lymphocytes to stimulate autoantibody production by B-lymphocytes. METHODS: We investigated muscle-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antigen expression at transcriptional and protein levels in a small-cell lung cancer line (SCLC) established from a patient with AChR-IgG-positive myasthenia gravis...
May 9, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
Tung-Che Hung, Shih-Che Cheng, Kuo-Sheng Liao, Shu-Hsing Cheng, Shih-Lung Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Kaini Shen, Yan Xu, Hongzhi Guan, Wei Zhong, Minjiang Chen, Jing Zhao, Longyun Li, Mengzhao Wang
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a rare autoimmune neurological syndrome observed in lung cancer patients. We retrospectively investigated the clinical characteristics, treatment responses, and prognoses in 16 PLE patients who were subsequently diagnosed with lung cancer. Fifteen patients initially presented with disturbance of consciousness, 13 with disorientation, and 12 with seizures. Thirteen patients had autoantibodies, including eight with gamma aminobutyric acid B receptor (GABAB R) antibodies and eight with Hu antibodies...
May 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Grazyna Adamus
Autoantibodies (AAbs) against various retinal proteins have been associated with vision loss in paraneoplastic and non-paraneoplastic autoimmune retinopathies (AR). There are two major paraneoplastic syndromes associated anti-retinal AAbs, cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR), and melanoma-associated retinopathy. Some people without a cancer diagnosis may present symptoms of CAR and have anti-retinal AAbs. The etiology and pathogenesis of those entities are not fully understood. In this review, we provide evidence for the role of AAbs in retinal death and degeneration...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Mitsunori Ushigome, Yoshihiro Nabeya, Hiroaki Soda, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Akiko Kuwajima, Masatoshi Tagawa, Kazuyuki Matsushita, Junichi Koike, Kimihiko Funahashi, Hideaki Shimada
BACKGROUND: Although serum p53 autoantibodies (s-p53-Abs) are induced even in the early stages of colorectal cancer, their positive rate is only approximately 20%. Therefore, we assessed the possibility of using other serum autoantibodies to increase the positive rates for detecting colorectal cancer. METHODS: Autoantibodies against 17 tumor antigens (p53, RalA, HSP70, Galectin1, KM-HN-1, NY-ESO-1, p90, Sui1, HSP40, CyclinB1, HCC-22-5, c-myc, PrxVI, VEGF, HCA25a, p62, and Annexin II) were evaluated in 279 patients with colorectal cancer and 74 healthy controls...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Takeru Igusa, Laura K Hummers, Kala Visvanathan, Carrie Richardson, Fredrick M Wigley, Livia Casciola-Rosen, Antony Rosen, Ami A Shah
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies demonstrate autoantibodies are powerful tools to interrogate molecular events linking cancer and the development of autoimmunity in scleroderma. Investigating cancer risk in these biologically relevant subsets may provide an opportunity to develop personalised cancer screening guidelines. In this study, we examined cancer risk in distinct serologic and phenotypic scleroderma subsets and compared estimates with the general population. METHODS: Patients in the Johns Hopkins Scleroderma Center observational cohort were studied...
April 20, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
F Graus, D Escudero, L Oleaga, J Bruna, A Villarejo-Galende, J Ballabriga, M I Barceló, F Gilo, S Popkirov, P Stourac, J Dalmau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim was to report the clinical characteristics of 12 patients with limbic encephalitis (LE) who were antibody-negative after a comprehensive immunological study. METHODS: The clinical records of 163 patients with LE were reviewed. Immunohistochemistry on rat brain, cultured neurons and cell-based assays were used to identify neuronal autoantibodies. Patients were included if (i) there was adequate clinical, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and magnetic resonance imaging information to classify the syndrome as LE, (ii) magnetic resonance images were accessible for central review and (iii) serum and CSF were available and were confirmed negative for neuronal antibodies...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Nathan Karin
We have previously shown that predominant expression of key inflammatory cytokines and chemokines at autoimmune sites or tumor sites induces loss of B cells tolerance, resulting in autoantibody production against the dominant cytokine/chemokine that is largely expressed at these sites. These autoantibodies are high-affinity neutralizing antibodies. Based on animal models studies, we suggested that they participate in the regulation of cancer and autoimmunity, albeit at the level of their production cannot entirely prevent the development and progression of these diseases...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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