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Focussed abdominal sonography in trauma

Carolynne J Cormack, Peter R Coombs, Kate E Guskich, Gabriel E Blecher, Neil Goldie, Ronnie Ptasznik
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) is a rapidly growing area, providing physicians with a valuable diagnostic tool for patient assessment. This paper describes a collaborative model, utilising radiology department ultrasound expertise, to train and credential physicians in PoCUS. A 6-year experience of the implementation and outcomes of the programme established within the emergency departments of a large, multi-campus hospital network are presented. METHODS: A collaborative model was initially developed and implemented between radiology and emergency departments...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Demetris Ioannides, Madeleine Davies, Stefan Kluzek
A 19-year-old man was sent to the emergency department following a pitch-side assessment for suspected concussion, unexplained upper abdominal tenderness and vomiting, following a high-impact tackle during a rugby match. A Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) scan performed in the emergency department suggested intra-abdominal free fluid, and subsequent head and abdominal CT imaging showed no intracranial lesion but confirmed a significant haemoperitoneum due to large splenic tear and bleeding...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
D Dammers, M El Moumni, I I Hoogland, N Veeger, E Ter Avest
BACKGROUND: Focussed Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is a bedside ultrasonography technique used to detect free intraperitoneal fluid in patients presenting with blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) in the emergency department. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study we investigated the potential of FAST as a risk stratification instrument in haemodynamically (HD) stable patients presenting after BAT by establishing the association between the FAST exam result and final outcome...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
C Weilbach, A Kobiella, N Rahe-Meyer, K Johanning
BACKGROUND: Emergency ultrasound as part of the provision of emergency medical services using mobile devices offers great benefits regarding to some important questions related to the management of critically ill and injured patients in the prehospital situation where diagnostic resources are limited. The aim of this study is to determine whether the comprehensive introduction of prehospital emergency ultrasound examinations into a German Emergency Medical Services ("rescue services") area is both feasible and beneficial for patients...
January 2017: Der Anaesthesist
E Schieb, C-A Greim
Emergency sonography encompasses a number of targeted sonographic investigation techniques, which allow a quick response to frequently occurring situations arising in anesthesiology, including intensive care and emergency medicine. Emergency sonography supports point of care diagnostics to clarify the possible causes of hemodynamic and respiratory instability, e.g. to determine the extent of intra-abdominal bleeding in a still compensated patient with multiple trauma and to support interventions, such as pleural fluid drainage...
April 2015: Der Anaesthesist
Ahmad Vaqas Faruque, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan, Wassem Akhtar, Amina Majeed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of focussed abdominal sonography for trauma in blunt paediatric abdominal trauma patients, and to see if the role of computed tomography scan could be limited to only those cases in which sonography was positive. METHODS: The retrospective study covered 10 years, from January 1,2000 to December 31,2009, and was conducted at the Department of Radiology and Department of Emergency Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. It comprised cases of 174 children from birth to 14 years who had presented with blunt abdominal trauma and had focussed abdominal sonography for trauma done at the hospital...
March 2013: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Zoë A Smith, Darryl Wood
BACKGROUND: Focussed assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) has assumed a key role in the rapid non-invasive assessment of thoracoabdominal trauma and assists in decreasing disposition time. This study evaluates FAST's efficacy with respect to haemodynamic stability in a South African emergency department (ED). METHODS: Data were collected prospectively by four emergency medicine doctors trained in emergency ultrasonography. FAST scans were performed by one ED doctor and timings, scan result and disposition were recorded...
April 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
M Magaldi, A Hervías, L Perelló, J Fontanals
One of the aims of the medical profession is to be able to detect complications in patients during diagnostic tests and treatments. The early diagnosis of these complications can prevent a fatal outcome. The diagnosis is often based on clinical symptoms and supported by complementary tests. Diagnostic tests have been developed in the last few years that are rapid and easy to use, as well as being cost effective and minimally invasive. Focussed assessment with sonography for trauma ultrasound (echo-FAST) was introduced in the 1990s in the field of resuscitation as a test for the rapid detection of intra-abdominal and pericardial fluid in multiple injury patients, but its uses in other cases not involving trauma still raise doubts and controversy...
March 2014: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Stefan Röhrig, Armin Seibel, Peter M Zechner, Martina Steigerwald, Tobias Kummer, Heinrich V Groesdonk, Wolf Armbruster, Raoul Breitkreutz
Anesthesiologists and Critical Care Physicians are confronted with the differential diagnoses of dyspnea, complications of mechanical ventilation or rapid assessment of trauma patients on a nearly daily basis. This requires the timely diagnosis or exclusion of a wide variety of disease processes including pleura effusion, pneumonia, pneumothorax as well as thoracical or abdominal bleeding. Furthermore, the anaesthesiologist or intensivist often makes decisions leading to invasive procedures like thoracentesis or percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy...
November 2011: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Kristine Vaagland Jakobsen, Bjørn Skjoldbye, Torben Lorentzen
A 71-year-old man had a coarse needle biopsy performed. After the biopsy symptoms of abdominal bleeding were deteced. An acute ultrasound examination was performed as Focussed Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST). The findings were inconclusive and a Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) was carried out. CEUS immediately demonstrated as well a rim around the liver with clear borders as a large amount of abdominal fluid. Upon these findings immediate surgery was performed. CEUS improves the contrast between areas with and without perfusion, which enhance the presence of haemorrhagic fluid, independently of the fluid's echo-pattern...
April 11, 2011: Ugeskrift for Laeger
T E Madsen, J R Bledsoe, P J Bossart
BACKGROUND: At this 35 000 visits/year emergency department (ED) at a level one trauma centre, a trauma protocol was implemented for the ED observation unit. Data on all trauma observation unit admissions were then collected to evaluate for safety, efficiency and admission rates. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all trauma patients in the observation unit during a 14-month period. Exclusion criteria for observation unit admission included: abnormal vital signs, positive focussed abdominal sonography for trauma examination, abnormal ECG, abnormal chest radiograph, abnormal head computed tomography, Glasgow coma score less than 14, or multisystem trauma...
June 2009: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Mohamed M Radwan, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of blunt abdominal trauma is a real challenge even for experienced trauma surgeons. Diagnostic tools that help the treating doctor in optimum management of blunt abdominal trauma include; Focussed Assessment Sonography for Trauma (FAST), Diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) and CT scan. OBJECTIVES: the aim of this communication is to define the recent role of FAST and CT scan of the abdomen in the diagnosis of blunt abdominal trauma. FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS: FAST is useful as the initial diagnostic tool for abdominal trauma to detect intraabdominal fluid...
September 2006: African Health Sciences
J Brenchley, A Walker, J P Sloan, T B Hassan, H Venables
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the introduction of a focussed assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) scan into the early assessment of trauma patients in the UK. METHODS: The setting was an inner city teaching hospital emergency department (annual attendance 100,000). All patients aged 16 or over admitted to the resuscitation room after blunt trauma were included in a prospective observational study. Patients had a FAST scan performed at the end of the primary survey...
June 2006: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Richard K Simons, Ross Brown, Savvas Nicolaou, Scott Dulchavsky
AIMS: To describe the effectiveness of a portable hand-held ultrasound machine when used by clinicians in the early evaluation and resuscitation of trauma victims. METHODS: The study was a prospective evaluation in a level-I urban trauma center. The focussed assessment with sonography for trauma is a specifically defined examination for free fluid known as the focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) exam. Seventy-one patients had a hand-held FAST (HHFAST) examination performed with a Sonosite 180, 2...
May 2002: Injury
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