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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432912/the-embodied-spaces-of-children-with-complex-care-needs-effects-on-the-social-realities-and-power-negotiations-of-families
#1
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Marie Edwards, Jacquie D Ripat, Gina Rempel
This paper presents research findings that advance knowledge around the power and agency families with children with complex care needs (CCN). Our conceptual framework uses concepts from geography towards situating the experiences and social realities of family carers within the 'embodied space of care'. The data originate from a longitudinal qualitative study of Canadian families with children with CCN. Findings reveal that interactions and decision-making processes relating to health and everyday life were complex and socially interconnected, and emphasize the need for provisions for family-based decision-making and enhanced social inclusion of families and the importance of the renegotiation of power...
April 19, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432882/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-severity-of-crashes-in-urban-road-intersections
#2
L Mussone, M Bassani, P Masci
Road crashes are events which depend on a variety of factors and which exhibit different magnitudes of outputs when evaluated with respect to the effects on road users. Despite a lot of research into the evaluation of crash likelihood and frequency, only a few works have focused exclusively on crash severity with these limited to sections of freeways and multilane highways. Hence, at present there is a large gap in knowledge on factors affecting the severity of crashes for other road categories, facilities, and scenarios...
April 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432858/regulatory-function-of-parasites-in-autoimmune-disease-%C3%A2-outcome-from-experimental-model-infection
#3
Katarzyna Krawczak, Katarzyna Donskow-Łysoniewska, Maria Doligalska
It is estimated that more than half of the nowadays known species are pathogenic parasites. Among macroparasites gastrointestinal nematodes are one of most common and having significant impact on life and health. Those organisms reveal strong, specific immune response in host, involving primary mechanisms associated with regulatory and Th2 cells. Referring to immunomodulatory abilities of helminths, parasite infections started to be considered as a possible therapy for many autoimmune diseases. Clinical trials on 2nd and 3rd stage are conducted in spite that treatment has not been recognized as safe for common use...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432856/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-in-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-to-guide-evidence-based-practice
#4
Mei-Ling Wu, Kuang-Hui Yu, Jen-Chen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common and unpleasant symptom of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, there is limited information regarding how exercise affects fatigue. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the current knowledge concerning the effectiveness of exercise training for treating fatigue among adults with SLE. The characteristics of beneficial exercise training are further evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis...
April 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432836/autoimmune-hepatitis-from-current-knowledge-and-clinical-practice-to-future-research-agenda
#5
REVIEW
Marcial Sebode, Johannes Hartl, Diego Vergani, Ansgar W Lohse
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disease. Unknown triggers lead to a mainly T cell-mediated immune response targeting the liver, the main auto-antigen of which has not been identified yet. The diagnosis of AIH is based on the elevation of immunoglobulin G / hypergammaglobulinemia, detection of characteristic autoantibodies as well as a typical pattern on liver histology. Exclusion of other causes of hepatitis and response to immunosuppressive treatment support the diagnosis of AIH...
April 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432809/the-honeybee-as-a-model-insect-for-developmental-genetics
#6
REVIEW
A G Cridge, M R Lovegrove, J G Skelly, S E Taylor, G E L Petersen, R C Cameron, P K Dearden
Honeybees are an important component of modern agricultural systems, and a fascinating and scientifically engrossing insect. Honeybees are not commonly used as model systems for understanding development in insects despite their importance in agriculture. Honeybee embryogenesis, while being superficially similar to Drosophila, is molecularly very different, especially in axis formation and sex determination. In later development, much of honeybee biology is modified by caste development, an as yet poorly understood, but excellent, system to study developmental plasticity...
April 22, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432636/what-is-the-current-knowledge-about-the-cardiovascular-risk-for-users-of-cannabis-based-products-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Emilie Jouanjus, Valentin Raymond, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Valérie Wolff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study was to examine the published evidence on the cardiovascular risk related to the use of cannabis-based products by performing a systematic review of recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that cannabis use represents a risky behavior as it may lead to many adverse effects, and in particular, cardiovascular effects. A systematic review of articles published between January 1, 2011 and May 31, 2016 was performed in agreement with the PRISMA statement...
June 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432607/impact-of-the-medical-specialty-on-knowledge-regarding-multidrug-resistant-organisms-and-strategies-toward-antimicrobial-stewardship
#8
Steffen Lebentrau, Christian Gilfrich, Malte W Vetterlein, Harald Schumacher, Philipp J Spachmann, Sabine D Brookman-May, Hans M Fritsche, Martin Schostak, Florian M Wagenlehner, Maximilian Burger, Matthias May
PURPOSE: Evidence is scarce on subject-specific knowledge of multidrug-resistant organisms and rational use of antibiotics. We aimed at evaluating attitude, perception, and knowledge about multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) and antibiotic prescribing among urologists versus other medical specialties. METHODS: Within the MR2-study (Multiinstitutional Reconnaissance of practice with MultiResistant bacteria), a questionnaire was conducted targeting general surgeons, internists, gynecologists, and urologists in 18 German hospitals...
April 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432548/prostate-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-in-black-college-men-a-qualitative-study
#9
Krista Mincey, Brian L Turner, Khila Anderson, Sheldon Maurice, Rachel Neal, Camille White
This qualitative study explores prostate cancer knowledge and risk in Black college men. Using the Health Belief Model as a guide, focus groups and interviews were conducted with 35 Black males at a historically black college and university. Thematic analysis was conducted and general themes were found. Results indicate that Black college males have very little knowledge and understanding of what their prostate is and what it does. They are also unaware of their risk of developing prostate cancer. Additionally, while many believe prostate cancer is severe, few believe they are susceptible to getting it...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432513/the-relationship-between-statins-and-breast-cancer-prognosis-varies-by-statin-type-and-exposure-time-a-meta-analysis
#10
EDITORIAL
Binliang Liu, Zongbi Yi, Xiuwen Guan, Yi-Xin Zeng, Fei Ma
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females and the leading cause of death worldwide. The effects of statins on breast cancer prognosis have long been controversial; thus, it is important to investigate the relationship between statin type, exposure time, and breast cancer prognosis. This study sought to explore the effect of statins, as well as the different effects of statin solubility and variable follow-up times, on breast cancer prognosis. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE (via OvidSP), Cochrane Library, and ISI Web of Knowledge databases using combinations of the terms "breast neoplasms[MeSH]," "statins" or "lipid-lowering drug," "prognosis" or "survival," or "mortality" or "outcome" with no limit on the publication date...
April 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432482/the-sensible-health-care-professional-a-care-ethical-perspective-on-the-role-of-caregivers-in-emotionally-turbulent-practices
#11
Vivianne Baur, Inge van Nistelrooij, Linus Vanlaere
This article discusses the challenging context that health care professionals are confronted with, and the impact of this context on their emotional experiences. Care ethics considers emotions as a valuable source of knowledge for good care. Thinking with care ethical theory and looking through a care ethical lens at a practical case example, the authors discern reflective questions that (1) shed light on a care ethical approach toward the role of emotions in care practices, and (2) may be used by practitioners and facilitators for care ethical reflection on similar cases, in the particular and concrete context where issues around emotional experiences arise...
April 21, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432451/investigating-the-use-of-world-knowledge-during-on-line-comprehension-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Philippa L Howard, Simon P Liversedge, Valerie Benson
The on-line use of world knowledge during reading was examined in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Both ASD and typically developed adults read sentences that included plausible, implausible and anomalous thematic relations, as their eye movements were monitored. No group differences in the speed of detection of the anomalous violations were found, but the ASD group showed a delay in detection of implausible thematic relations. These findings suggest that there are subtle differences in the speed of world knowledge processing during reading in ASD...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432418/-because-we-feel-we-have-to-do-something-barriers-in-the-prevention-of-violence-and-key-areas-requiring-action-a%C3%A2-qualitative-interview-study-with-professional-nurses-and-managers-in-the-field-of-elderly-care
#13
Melanie Siegel, Yuliya Mazheika, Regina Mennicken, Stefanie Ritz-Timme, Hildegard Graß, Britta Gahr
BACKGROUND: In recent years, politics and society have shown an increasing interest in the prevention of violence. Despite the scientific studies and prevention programs that have been conducted over the past few years, there is no indication that the prevalence of violence in elderly care is falling. A high number of unreported cases may still be assumed. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the barriers in transferring research knowledge into practice. Furthermore, it dealt with the requirements of an interventional approach which is practical and which effectively addresses the barriers...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432409/innovative-treatment-modalities-for-urinary-incontinence-a-european-survey-identifying-experience-and-attitude-of-healthcare-providers
#14
Arnoud W Kastelein, Maarten F A Dicker, Brent C Opmeer, Sonia S Angles, Kaisa E Raatikainen, Joan F Alonso, Diana Tăut, Olavi Airaksinen, Linda D Cardozo, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence is a common condition in women, with a reported prevalence ranging from 25% to 51%. Of these women, an estimated 38% suffer from stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A European research consortium is investigating an innovative system based on information and communication technology for the conservative treatment of women with SUI. When introducing a new intervention, implementation barriers arise and need to be identified. Therefore, we investigated healthcare providers' experience with and attitude towards innovative care options...
April 21, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432316/how-visual-experience-impacts-the-internal-and-external-spatial-mapping-of-sensorimotor-functions
#15
Virginie Crollen, Geneviève Albouy, Franco Lepore, Olivier Collignon
Tactile perception and motor production share the use of internally- and externally-defined coordinates. In order to examine how visual experience affects the internal/external coding of space for touch and movement, early blind (EB) and sighted controls (SC) took part in two experiments. In experiment 1, participants were required to perform a Temporal Order Judgment task (TOJ), either with their hands in parallel or crossed over the body midline. Confirming previous demonstration, crossing the hands led to a significant decrement in performance in SC but did not affect EB...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432310/efficacy-of-alprostadil-for-preventing-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-a-meta-analysis
#16
Jing-Zhan Zhang, Xiao-Jing Kang, Ying Gao, Ying-Ying Zheng, Ting-Ting Wu, Long Li, Fen Liu, Yi-Ning Yang, Xiao-Mei Li, Yi-Tong Ma, Xiang Xie
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has become the third-leading cause of hospital-acquired acute renal injury. Although alprostadil has been proposed as an effective preventative measure, this conclusion remains inconsistent. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of the published studies on this topic to evaluate the preventative effect of alprostadil on CIN. Databases, including PubMed, the Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, the China Biological Medicine Database (SinoMed) and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were systematically searched...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432284/treatment-with-recombinant-factor-xiii-tretten-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-factor-xiii-deficiency
#17
Nizar Abdel-Samad
BACKGROUND Factor XIII deficiency is associated with recurrent miscarriages in women. CASE REPORT In this report, we present a patient with factor XIII deficiency and some comorbidities who had had previous miscarriages. She began treatment with factor XIII subunit A (XIII-A) replacement treatment Recombinant factor XIII (Tretten) at a dose of 2500 units monthly and was able, for the first time, to carry a pregnancy almost to term. Although she experienced some obstetrical complications, she delivered a healthy baby...
April 22, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432153/comparison-of-functional-and-anatomical-estimations-of-visual-acuity-in-two-species-of-coral-reef-fish
#18
Amira N Parker, Kerstin A Fritsches, Cait Newport, Guy Wallis, Ulrike E Siebeck
The high contrast, complex patterns typical of many reef fish serve several purposes, including providing disruptive camouflage and a basis for vision-based communication. In trying to understand the role of a specific pattern it is important to first assess the extent to which an observer can resolve the pattern, itself determined, at least in part, by the observer's visual acuity. In this study, we study the visual acuity of two species of reef fish using both anatomical and behavioural estimates. The two species in question share a common habitat but are members of different trophic levels (predator vs...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432088/gps-and-paediatric-oncology-palliative-care-a-q-methodological-study
#19
Sue Neilson, Faith Gibson, Stephen Jeffares, Sheila M Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study set in the West Midlands region of the UK demonstrates the effectiveness of Q methodology in examining general practitioners' (GPs') perception of their role in children's oncology palliative care. METHODS: Using data obtained from the analysis of semistructured interviews with GPs who had cared for a child receiving palliative care at home and bereaved parents, 50 statements were identified as representative of the analysis findings...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#20
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
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