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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650877/the-resurgence-of-botulinum-toxin-injection-for-strabismus-in-children
#1
Marielle Mahan, J Mark Engel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review discusses recent advances in the use of botulinum toxin for the management of strabismus in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Botulinum toxin injection produces similar results compared to surgery for certain subtypes of strabismus, especially acute onset esotropia. It may be more effective in many subtypes of esotropia where surgery has been less reliable, including partially accommodative esotropia, esotropia associated with cerebral palsy, and thyroid eye disease...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645086/toddler-exposure-to-flame-retardant-chemicals-magnitude-health-concern-and-potential-risk-or-protective-factors-of-exposure-observational-studies-summarized-in-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Eva J Sugeng, Marijke de Cock, Linda J Schoonmade, Margot van de Bor
Endocrine disrupting flame retardant (FR) chemicals form a human health concern, that is investigated mostly from the perspective of adult- and early life exposure. No overview of studies on toddler exposure and health effects exist. However, toddlerhood is a critical developmental period and toddlers are at increased risk for exposure because of their age-specific behavior. This systematic review encompasses toddler FR exposure studies in three countries, associated health effects and potential environmental, demographic, or behavioral risk- or protective factors for toddler exposure...
June 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625707/-algorithms-based-on-medico-administrative-data-in-the-field-of-endocrine-nutritional-and-metabolic-diseases-especially-diabetes
#3
S Fosse-Edorh, A Rigou, S Morin, L Fezeu, L Mandereau-Bruno, A Fagot-Campagna
BACKGROUND: Medico-administrative databases represent a very interesting source of information in the field of endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases. The objective of this article is to describe the early works of the Redsiam working group in this field. METHODS: Algorithms developed in France in the field of diabetes, the treatment of dyslipidemia, precocious puberty, and bariatric surgery based on the National Inter-schema Information System on Health Insurance (SNIIRAM) data were identified and described...
June 15, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625178/endoscopic-electrocautery-and-fibrin-obliteration-of-an-acutely-complicated-pyriform-fossa-sinus-tract-in-a-septuagenarian
#4
R Heyes, A G Aulakh, R K Lingam, T Tatla
BACKGROUND: Pyriform fossa sinus tracts classically present with neck abscess, recurrent infections and suppurative thyroiditis in children; acute presentation in a geriatric patient is rare. METHODS: Case report and Medline literature review. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old female presented with a left-sided neck mass and severe odynophagia of 3 days' duration. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large-volume, loculated fluid collection extending throughout the deep spaces of the neck on the left, within and around the thyroid gland capsule...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625010/treatment-of-tongue-base-masses-in-children-by-transoral-robotic-surgery
#5
Fatma Tulin Kayhan, Ayse Pelin Yigider, Arzu Karaman Koc, Kamil Hakan Kaya, Ibrahim Erdim
The feasibility and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in children with tongue base masses (TBMs) were evaluated. Eight pediatric patients who were treated with TORS for TBMs between January 2010 and January 2016 at a tertiary hospital included in the study. All pathologies were congenital lesions: four were lingual thyroglossal ductus cysts (LTGDCs), one was a minor salivary gland tumor, one was a vallecular cyst, one was a bronchogenic cyst, and one was an ectopic thyroid tissue. TORS was performed successfully in all cases...
June 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624956/dicer1-mutations-in-twelve-chinese-patients-with-pleuropulmonary-blastoma
#6
Siyu Cai, Xisi Wang, Wen Zhao, Libing Fu, Xiaoli Ma, Xiaoxia Peng
Our aim is to examine the impact of DICER1 mutations on the pathogenesis of pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) by evaluating the mutation frequency and investigating the family history of Chinese patients with PPB. The family histories of 12 children with PPB recruited consecutively were surveyed. Blood samples from patients and their first-degree relatives were tested for DICER1 mutations. Whole-genome sequencing of blood samples and formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue was performed in one family with twins...
June 14, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624796/comparison-of-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-recurrence-and-its-clinical-features-in-children-of-different-ages
#7
Bin Ye, Jun Shi, Chenling Shen, Longhao Wang, Haixia Hu, Yan Ma, Quan Wang, Jingrong Lu, Guangjun Yu, Mingliang Xiang
 The prevalence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in children is increasing. However, the clinical features and recurrence of DTC in children in different age groups, especially those less than 14 years old, are not well studied. We retrospectively investigated 73 children diagnosed with DTC in our hospital between January 1998 and July 2014. Data were reviewed for different age groups based on the age at initial diagnosis: 5-9, 10-14, or 15-19 years. The mean age of the recurrence group (10.6±4.1 years) was lower than that of the non-recurrence group (12...
May 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620008/pten-dicer1-fh-and-their-associated-tumor-susceptibility-syndromes-clinical-features-genetics-and-surveillance-recommendations-in-childhood
#8
REVIEW
Kris Ann P Schultz, Surya P Rednam, Junne Kamihara, Leslie Doros, Maria Isabel Achatz, Jonathan D Wasserman, Lisa R Diller, Laurence Brugières, Harriet Druker, Katherine A Schneider, Rose B McGee, William D Foulkes
PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS), DICER1 syndrome, and hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome are pleiotropic tumor predisposition syndromes that include benign and malignant neoplasms affecting adults and children. PHTS includes several disorders with shared and distinct clinical features. These are associated with elevated lifetime risk of breast, thyroid, endometrial, colorectal, and renal cancers as well as melanoma. Thyroid cancer represents the predominant cancer risk under age 20 years...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616924/-reference-intervals-of-thyroid-hormones-in-normal-pregnant-women-and-effects-of-thyroid-autoantibodies-on-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-pregnant-women-in-chengdu-area
#9
Yu-Min Chen, Jing Zeng, Yue-Rong Yan, Dan Luo, Lu Huang, Hui Huang
OBJECTIVES: To establish the reference intervals of thyroid hormones in normal pregnant women in Chengdu area of China, and to investigate the effects of thyroid autoantibodies on thyroid function in pregnant women. METHODS: We included 696 pregnant women who had gestation data from June 2013 to March 2014 in Chengdu Women & Children's Central Hospital. Every subject under went questionnaire survey, physical examination, thyroid ultrasound and measurement of thyroid hormone and thyroid autoantibodies...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615030/the-autoimmune-burden-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Andrea Pession
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more autoimmune diseases (polyautoimmunity) in patients suffering from JIA and to evaluate the occurrence of ADs in their families. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with JIA aged 0-21 years, admitted to the Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna were screened for ADs...
June 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614818/thyroid-stimulating-hormone-degree-of-obesity-and-metabolic-risk-markers-in-a-cohort-of-obese-swedish-children
#11
Veroniqa Lundbäck, Kerstin Ekbom, Emilia Hagman, Ingrid Dahlman, Claude Marcus
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is affected in obesity and might influence metabolic risk. It is unclear what mechanisms cause elevated TSH in obesity. We aimed to investigate TSH status within the normal range and the association of TSH with degree of obesity and metabolic parameters in children with obesity. METHODS: A total of 3,459 children, aged 3.0-17.9 years, were identified in the Swedish Childhood Obesity Treatment Registry, BORIS. Age, gender, TSH, free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI SDS), as well as variables of lipid and glucose metabolism were examined...
June 14, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611947/thirty-five-years-of-thyroid-cancer-experience-in-a-paediatric-population-incidence-trends-in-lithuania-between-1980-and-2014
#12
Rima Bėrontienė, Edita Jašinskienė, Rosita Kiudelienė, Gintaras Kuprionis, Jurgita Makštienė, Raminta Macaitytė, Dalia Marčiulionytė, Lina Poškienė, Agnė Šemetaitė, Vygantas Šidlauskas, Raimondas Valickas, Rimantas Žalinkevičius, Rasa Verkauskienė
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (TC) is a rare condition in children. It may be associated with radiation, iodine deficiency or familial inheritance. AIMS: The objectives of this study were to analyse the prevalence and incidence trends over 3 decades and clinical features of TC in the paediatric population in Lithuania. METHODS: We reviewed all TC cases diagnosed in children aged less than 18 years during the period 1980-2014 using medical records from 3 main hospitals in Lithuania where such TC cases are managed...
February 2017: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602495/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-on-children-with-well-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#13
Evan F Garner, Ilan I Maizlin, Matthew B Dellinger, Kenneth W Gow, Melanie Goldfarb, Adam B Goldin, John J Doski, Monica Langer, Jed G Nuchtern, Sanjeev A Vasudevan, Mehul V Raval, Elizabeth A Beierle
BACKGROUND: Well-differentiated thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy in children. Adult literature has demonstrated socioeconomic disparities in patients undergoing thyroidectomy, but the effects of socioeconomic status on the management of pediatric well-differentiated thyroid cancer remains poorly understood. METHODS: Patients ≤21 years of age with well-differentiated thyroid cancer remains were reviewed from the National Cancer Data Base...
June 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585021/the-relationship-between-hyperthyrotropinemia-and-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-large-group-of-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#14
G Radetti, G Grugni, F Lupi, N Marazzi, S Longhi, A Fanolla, A Sartorio
PURPOSE: Mild TSH elevations are frequently observed in obese patients, in the absence of any detectable thyroid disease. Our objective is to evaluate the relationship between the raised TSH levels and the biochemical and clinical consequences of obesity. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of a large population of obese children and adolescents. We evaluated 833 subjects (340 m, 493 f), aged 14.4 ± 2.5 (range 5.2-18.5) years, height SDS 0...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583704/thyroid-disease-and-type-1-diabetes-in-dutch-children-a-nationwide-study-young-dudes-3
#15
Engelina Spaans, Eelco Schroor, Klaas Groenier, Henk Bilo, Nanne Kleefstra, Paul Brand
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of overt thyroid disease in children in The Netherlands with and without type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). STUDY DESIGN: Nationwide, retrospective cohort study in The Netherlands. Using the national registry of both healthcare reimbursement and pharmaceutical care, data of all Dutch children (aged 0-14 years) with a diagnosis of T1DM, or a diagnosis of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism in the period 2009-2011. RESULTS: The prevalence of thyroid disease was 0...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582818/goitre-and-urinary-iodine-in-coastal-and-inland-areas-with-low-and-high-iodized-salt-coverage-in-zhejiang-province-china
#16
Zhe Mo, Xiao F Wang, Guang M Mao, Wen M Zhu, Pei W Xu, Yan Zou, Yuan Y Wang, Xiao M Lou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: WHO recommended that iodized salt are more than 90% of households in USI programs, which may not be suitable for all regions, especially in coastal areas. This study intended to find out levels of iodine nutrition and give advice from the USI programs for areas with different iodized salt coverage. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Coastal and inland areas were selected according to geographical regions in Zhejiang Province, China. The water iodine concentration (spectrophotometer analysis), salt iodine concentration (the colorimetric titration method), salt intake, urinary iodine concentration (spectrophotometer analysis), and thyroid volume examination (ultrasonography), as well as questionnaire, were measured in the two areas...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581673/the-role-of-thyroid-fna-cytology-in-pediatric-malignant-lesions-an-overview-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Esther Diana Rossi, Maurizio Martini, Tonia Cenci, Sara Capodimonti, Luigi Maria Larocca
When one is dealing with pediatric thyroid lesions, fine-needle aspiration is the first diagnostic tool for the correct characterization of these nodules. Despite the apparent infrequency of thyroid cancers in children, recent data from the National Cancer Institute prove that the incidence has been increasing, especially in adolescents. With the same data, a higher prevalence of well-differentiated cancers can be estimated, with 90% diagnosed as papillary thyroid cancer. Nonetheless, some publications have demonstrated that some specific malignant variants are more frequent in children and have a more aggressive behavior that justifies the increased number of surgical procedures...
June 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578647/iodine-prophylaxis-in-the-case-of-nuclear-accident
#18
Szybiński Zbigniew
On 26 April 1986 the greatest accident of nuclear plant in Czernobyl took place and isotopes with high percentage of released were erupted : 33-Xe, 131-I ,132-Te, 134-Cs and 137 -Cs. The radioactivity of the isotopes was very high -for instance: Xe-33 6500 PBq , 131-I 1760 PBq .The rest of 15 isotopes represented similar radioactivity with shorter percentage of release.The most exposed group of people were 237 liquidaters, and 116000 people living around had to be evacuated when the limit dose for person 5 mSv could be crossed...
May 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577577/serum-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-interleukin-8-levels-in-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Sarika Singh, Umar Yazdani, Bharathi Gadad, Sayed Zaman, Linda S Hynan, Nichole Roatch, Claire Schutte, C Nathan Marti, Laura Hewitson, Dwight C German
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1 in 68 children in the USA. An ASD blood biomarker may enable early diagnosis and/or identification of new therapeutic targets. Serum samples from ASD and typically developing (TD) boys (n = 30/group) were screened for differences in 110 proteins using a multiplex immunoassay. RESULTS: Eleven proteins were found that together could confirm ASD with modest accuracy using multiple training and test sets...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574011/coexistence-of-celiac-disease-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-children
#20
Preeti Singh, Anju Seth, Praveen Kumar, Sushma Sajjan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) tend to co-exist due to similar underlying genetic predisposition. Failure to recognize CD in patients with T1DM predisposes them to complications. The present study was aimed to assess children with T1DM for the presence of CD. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the records of children with T1DM attending paediatric endocrinology clinic at a tertiary care hospital in north India from January 2006 to May 2014...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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