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Thyroid children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101485/minimizing-the-health-effects-of-the-nuclear-accident-in-fukushima-on-thyroids
#1
REVIEW
Shigenobu Nagataki
RESULTS OF THE SCREENING OF THYROIDS: Because of the March 2011 nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, the Fukushima Prefecture initiated a thyroid ultrasound examination program. The first cycle of examinations on all children (more than 300,000) of the Fukushima Prefecture identified 116 patients as having malignant or suspected malignant thyroid nodules, and in the second cycle 59 new cases were identified. According to the available data, the thyroid cancers found by the screening are unlikely to be due to radiation, but the possibility cannot be excluded...
December 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100324/-characteristics-of-duoxa2-gene-mutation-in-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#2
Min-Yi Tan, Yong-Lan Huang, Bei Li, Xiang Jiang, Qian-Yu Chen, Xue-Fang Jia, Cheng-Fang Tang, Li Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of DUOXA2 gene mutation and the genotype-phenotype relationship in children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: A total of 20 CH patients with suspected thyroid dyshormonogenesis who had no DUOX2 gene mutation were enrolled. These patients who were born between 2011 and 2012 were screened and diagnosed with CH in the Guangzhou Newborn Screening Center. PCR and direct sequencing were used to analyze DUOXA2 gene mutation...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098666/estimated-internal-and-external-radiation-exposure-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-pediatric-neuroblastoma-undergoing-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-prospective-pilot-study
#3
Sangwon Han, Seon Hee Yoo, Kyung-Nam Koh, Jong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: Current recommendations suggest that family members should participate in the care of children receiving in-hospital I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy for neuroblastoma. The present study aimed to measure the external radiation exposure and estimate the internal radiation exposure of caregivers during the hospital stay for I MIBG therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caregivers received radiation safety instructions and a potassium iodide solution for thyroid blockade before patient admission...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097852/laryngotracheal-edema-due-to-thermal-injury-a-complication-after-thyroidectomy-in-children
#4
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Senol Emreb, Seval Urkmez, Tughan Utkua, Guner Kaya
Postoperative respiratory insufficiency is a serious complication of total thyroidectomies which can be multifactorial, especially in children. We report two siblings who had undergone thyroidectomy with subsequent respiratory distress. Electrothermal bipolar and harmonic scalpel were used during thyroid dissections. Both patients had early postoperative respiratory problems. The older one suffered from mild respiratory distress for 24 hours and then he spontaneously recovered. The younger one was extubated but then she had serious stridor accompanied with abdominal and intercostal retractions...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096684/pediatric-papillary-thyroid-cancer-current-management-challenges
#5
REVIEW
Frederik A Verburg, Hanneke M Van Santen, Markus Luster
Although with a standardized incidence of 0.54 cases per 100,000 persons, differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is a rare disease in children and adolescents, it nonetheless concerns ~1.4% of all pediatric malignancies. Furthermore, its incidence is rising. Due to the rarity and long survival of pediatric DTC patients, in most areas of treatment little evidence exists. Treatment of pediatric DTC is therefore littered with controversies, many questions therefore remain open regarding the optimal management of pediatric papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and many challenges remain unsolved...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078992/smoking-and-eye-pathologies-a-systemic-review-part-ii-retina-diseases-uveitis-optic-neuropathies-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy
#6
Małgorzata Nita, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health. AIM: The analysis of influence of tobacco smoking on retina diseases, uveitis, optic neuropathies, and thyroid-associated orbitopathy in adults and children. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, covering the years 2000-2016. RESULTS: In adults, tobacco smoking is a strong risk factor for age-related macular degeneration, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, uveitis and inflamed cystoid macular edema as well as Grave`s ophthalmopathy...
January 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077340/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer-in-children-with-emphasis-on-the-pubertal-status-and-association-with-brafv600e-mutation
#7
Şükran Poyrazoğlu, Rüveyde Bundak, Firdevs Baş, Gülçin Yeğen, Yasemin Şanlı, Feyza Darendeliler
OBJECTIVE: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) could behave differently in prepubertal than in pubertal children and between children and adults. BRAF gene activating mutations may associate with PTC by creating aberrant activation. We aimed to evaluate clinicopathological characteristics of PTC patients with emphasis on the pubertal status and investigate the association of BRAFV600E mutation with disease characteristics. METHODS: Medical records of 75 patients with PTC were reviewed retrospectively...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076316/changes-of-thyroid-hormonal-status-in-patients-receiving-ketogenic-diet-due-to-intractable-epilepsy
#8
Engin Kose, Orkide Guzel, Korcan Demir, Nur Arslan
BACKGROUND: Ketogenic diet (KD), which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, mimics the metabolic state of starvation and is used therapeutically for pharmacoresistant epilepsy. It is known that generation of triiodothyronine (T3) from thyroxine (T4) decreases during fasting periods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thyroid function of children receiving KD for at least 1 year due to drug-resistant epilepsy. METHODS: A total of 120 patients [63 males, 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073489/cost-comparison-of-initial-lobectomy-versus-fine-needle-aspiration-for-diagnostic-workup-of-thyroid-nodules-in-children
#9
Katherine J Baxter, Heather L Short, Mitali A Thakore, Jeremy G Fisher, David H Rothstein, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: Though uncommon in children, pediatric thyroid nodules carry a higher risk of malignancy than adult nodules. While fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has been well established as the initial diagnostic test in adults, it has been more slowly adopted in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative cost of FNA versus initial diagnostic lobectomy (DL) in the pediatric patient with an ultrasound-confirmed thyroid nodule. METHODS: A decision tree model was created using an adolescent with an asymptomatic thyroid nodule as the reference case...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061776/poor-dietary-diversity-wealth-status-and-use-of-un-iodized-salt-are-associated-with-goiter-among-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia
#10
Zegeye Abebe, Ejigu Gebeye, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Globally, more than two billion people are at risk of iodine deficiency disorders, 32% of which are school children. Iodine deficiency has been recognized as a severe public health concern in Ethiopia, however little is known about the problem. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of goiter and associated factors among school children (6 to 12 years) in Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 21 to March 31, 2016...
January 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054375/effects-of-age-of-onset-on-disease-characteristics-in-non-segmental-vitiligo
#11
Berna Solak, Bahar Sevimli Dikicier, Nur C Cosansu, Teoman Erdem
In patients with vitiligo, the clinical and laboratory features of the disease may vary according to time of onset. This is addressed in the literature by only a few studies with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical features of patients with non-segmental vitiligo and to establish the association between vitiligo and autoimmune diseases with a focus on time of disease onset. A total of 224 vitiligo patients for whom complete medical records were available were evaluated retrospectively...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051825/pollution-the-thyroid-and-neurodevelopment
#12
G Ozzola
The global prevalence of neurodevelopmental diseases is on the rise. The number of autistic babies in the US has jumped from 1 in 68 to 1 in 42. Plus more and more children have attention disorders or hyperactivity disorders. The genetic causes of these disorders of neurological development cannot explain such radical increases in the incidence and this leads one to look for the culprit in other elements, many of which have been shown to disrupt normal thyroid function. For instance, many polluting chemical substances can interfere with thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism and this might lead to abnormalities in the neurological development of the fetus or the child...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049529/analysis-of-the-factors-affecting-the-evolution-over-time-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-children
#13
EDITORIAL
Mariella Valenzise, Tommaso Aversa, Giuseppina Zirilli, Giuseppina Salzano, Domenico Corica, Simona Santucci, Filippo De Luca
Aim of this commentary is to report the most recent views about natural history of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) according to the different etiologies. In children with idiopathic SH the natural evolution is often favourable, with a high percentage of cases reverting to euthyroidism or remaining SH even after a prolonged follow-up. By contrast, the risk of a significant deterioration of thyroid status is distinctly higher in the SH children with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). This risk is even higher in the cases with both HT-related SH and chromosomal abnormalities, such as Turner or Down's syndrome...
January 3, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048806/su-g-iep4-05-experience-with-a-practical-approach-to-the-release-of-radioactive-patients-from-radiation-safety-isolation
#14
R Wendt, W Erwin, A Fisher, S Jones, S Jimenez, F Wong, A Jessop
PURPOSE: The radioactive patient releases of the nuclear medicine department in a large cancer center were analyzed to compare the estimated doses to others to the regulatory limit and institutional targets and to gauge how onerous the patients' instructions were. METHODS: In-house software that implements the NUREG 1556 approach and further considers fellow travelers, children and pregnant women and members of the public following Siegel, et al., is used to calculate release timing and to provide patients with individualized instructions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031414/inhibition-of-the-human-abc-efflux-transporters-p-gp-and-bcrp-by-the-bde-47-hydroxylated-metabolite-6-oh-bde-47-considerations-for-human-exposure
#15
Satori A Marchitti, Christopher S Mazur, Caleb M Dillingham, Swati Rawat, Anshika Sharma, Jason Zastre, John F Kenneke
High body burdens of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in infants and young children have led to increased concern over their potential impact on human development. PBDE exposure can alter the expression of genes involved in thyroid homeostasis, including those of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, which mediate cellular xenobiotic efflux. However, little information exists on how PBDEs interact with ABC transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interactions of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) and its hydroxylated metabolite 6-OH-BDE-47 with P-gp and BCRP, using human MDR1- and BCRP-expressing membrane vesicles and stably transfected NIH-3T3-MDR1 and MDCK-BCRP cells...
October 23, 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028338/cytological-diagnosis-of-pediatric-thyroid-nodule-in-perspective-of-the-bethesda-system-for-reporting-thyroid-cytopathology
#16
Chayanika Pantola, Sanjay Kala, Lubna Khan, Saurabh Pantola, Mahendra Singh, Sumanlata Verma
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodule is one of the most common endocrinopathies occurring children and adolescents. Though thyroid nodule is rare in the pediatric age group, the rate of malignancy is much higher in this age group compared to adult population. AIM: The objective is to study the application of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) in pediatric patients and compare the findings with histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 218 cases younger than 18 years were studied in a 4-year period from August 2010 to July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024116/mulberry-cells-in-the-thyroid-warthin-finkeldey-like-cells-in-hashimoto-thyroiditis-associated-lymphoma
#17
Razvan Lapadat, Moon Woo Nam, Swati Mehrotra, Milind Velankar, Stefan E Pambuccian
Warthin-Finkeldey type giant cells were first described in autopsies performed on young children who died during the highly lethal measles epidemic in Palermo during the winter of 1908. The cells had 8-15 nuclei without identifiable cytoplasm within the germinal centers of lymphoid organs resembling megakaryocytes. We describe a case of Hashimoto thyroiditis with an enlarging substernal throid mass. The resection specimen contained many Warthin-Finkeldey-Like Cells (WFLC) in an extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (MALT type) with focal transformation to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...
December 26, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017871/no-mediated-anticontractile-effect-of-the-endothelium-is-abolished-in-coronary-arteries-of-adult-rats-with-antenatal-early-postnatal-hypothyroidism
#18
Dina K Gaynullina, Svetlana I Sofronova, Ekaterina K Selivanova, Anastasia A Shvetsova, Anna A Borzykh, Anna P Sharova, Daria S Kostyunina, Andrey A Martyanov, Olga S Tarasova
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid hormones are essential for proper development of many systems and organs, including circulatory system. Thyroid deficiency during pregnancy may affect the cardiovascular function in children early on and later in adulthood. However, long-term effects of early thyroid deficiency are poorly understood. We hypothesized that antenatal/early postnatal hypothyroidism will influence anticontractile effect of NO in coronary arteries of adult rats. DESIGN AND METHODS: To model antenatal/early postnatal hypothyroidism dams were treated with 6-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU) in drinking water (0...
December 23, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009312/changes-in-tooth-hard-tissue-minerali-zation-and-blood-rheology-in-healthy-adolescents-and-those-with-thyroid-dysfunction
#19
S Beriashvili, M Nikolaishvili, M Mantskava, N Momtsemlidze, K Franchuk
Thyroid dysfunction causes spreading and development of caries in the teeth and changes in periodontal tissues. In addition, it causes changes in peripheral blood flow and mineralization, local transcapillary metabolism causes changes in blood rheology. There are only few works in this direction and, therefore, the purpose of our research was to find out how the mineralization and the rheological properties of blood are changed in lesion of periodontal tissue on a background of thyroid dysfunction. Accordingly, the stomatological study was conducted in 75 adolescents aged 12-18 years by the standard method, recommended by the World Health Organization...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008865/the-relationship-of-serum-zonulin-level-with-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-in-childhood-obesity
#20
Tuncay Küme, Sezer Acar, Hale Tuhan, Gönül Çatlı, Ahmet Anık, Özlem Gürsoy Çalan, Ece Böber, Ayhan Abacı
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between zonulin and clinical laboratory parameters in childhood obesity. METHODS: The study included obese children with a body mass index >95th percentile and healthy children who were similar age and gender distribution. Clinical (body mass index, waist circumferences, mid arm circumference, triceps skin fold, percentage of body fat, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure) and biochemical (glucose, insulin, lipids, thyroid function tests, cortisol, zonulin and leptin levels) parameters were measured...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
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