keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thyroid children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217504/improving-iodine-nutritional-status-and-increasing-prevalence-of-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-children
#1
Srinivasan Palaniappan, Lakshmi Shanmughavelu, Hemchand K Prasad, Sundari Subramaniam, Nedunchezian Krishnamoorthy, Lakshmi Lakkappa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the link between excess iodine intake as evidenced by increased urinary iodine excretion (UIE) and autoimmune thyroiditis in children and to assess the correlation between UIE and thyroid microsomal antibody (thyroid peroxidase [TPO]) titers in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children with goiter between age group 6 and 12 years, were subjected to blood tests for free thyroxine, thyroid stimulating hormone, and TPO antibody, fine needle aspiration was advised for all children with goiter...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199771/thyroid-dysfunction-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-associated-with-folate-receptor-alpha-autoimmune-disorder
#2
Richard E Frye, Rebecca Wynne, Shannon Rose, John Slattery, Leanna Delhey, Marie Tippett, Stephen G Kahler, Sirish C Bennuri, Stepan Melnyk, Jeffrey M Sequeira, Edward Quadros
Folate receptor α (FRα) autoantibodies (FRAAs) are prevalent in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). FRAAs disrupt folate transport across the blood-brain barrier by binding to the FRα. Thyroid dysfunction is frequently found in children with ASD. We measured blocking and binding FRAAs and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free T4 (FT4), total T3 (TT3), reverse T3 (rT3), thyroid releasing hormone (TRH) and other metabolites in 87 children with ASD, 84 of whom also underwent behavior and cognition testing and in 42 of whom FRAAs, TSH and FT4 were measured at two time points...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178123/spectrum-of-pediatric-tumors-diagnosed-by-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#3
Sadegh Shirian, Yahya Daneshbod, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Bijan Khademi, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Amir Ghaemi, Ziba Mosayebi
Pediatric tumors differ markedly from adult tumors in their nature, distribution, and prognosis. In this 10-year retrospective study, we present our experience with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) in pediatric patients 18 years of age and younger and correlate relationship between gender with organ, diagnosis, malignancy, and age. In our study, FNA material of pediatric tumors or masses with 18 years aged and younger were analyzed retrospectively.All FNAs in pediatric patients during this time period were identified and analyzed for age, gender, cytologic diagnosis, and site of aspiration...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177939/review-of-the-evidence-on-the-efficacy-of-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-analgesic-consumption
#4
Chrysanthi Batistaki, Evagelia Kaminiotis, Thomas Papadimos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
OBJECTIVES: The effect of dexamethasone on analgesic consumption has not been adequately studied. The aim of this review was to investigate recent literature regarding the possible effect of dexamethasone on postoperative analgesic consumption. METHODS: Critical review of randomized trials, and prospective consecutive studies, investigating the post-operative analgesic effect of dexamethasone was performed. Only studies published during 2006-2015 were included. RESULTS: Forty-one studies met the inclusion criteria; 33 in adults and 8 in children (9 in general surgery, 8 in gynecological/breast surgery, 8 in orthopedic/spinal surgery, 8 in head/neck surgery, 7 in children's tonsillectomy, and 1 in children's orchiopexy)...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176629/congenital-hypothyroidism-facts-facets-therapy
#5
Yedukondalu Kollati, Ranga Rao Ambati, Prakash Narayana Reddy, N Satya Sampath Kumar, Rajesh K Patel, Vijaya R Dirisala
: Back ground: Thyroid hormone (T3) is essential for normal development of children enabling brain development and somatic growth. However, certain individuals are genetically predisposed with insufficient or no thyroid hormones. Such a condition is termed congenital hypothyroidism (CH). OBJECTIVE: In the present review, a brief back ground about congenital hypothyroidism, factors associated with CH leading to thyroid dysgenesis and thyroid dyshormonogenesis is elaborated...
February 6, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174375/-characteristics-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer
#6
Keizo Horibe
In adolescent and young adult(AYA)population, cancer is the leading cause of death due to illness with the lowest mortality rate as well as children, and national measures for cancer was left behind. Leukemia, lymphomas, brain tumors, thyroid cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, testicular cancer and bone and soft tissue sarcomas account for majority of the cancers in this age group. There has been no significant improvement in AYA patients in contrast to other age groups. AYA patients with cancer are under growing independency, starting in life to the community, and reproductive age...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164080/erratum-diagnostic-difficulties-by-the-unusual-presentations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#7
Betül Ersoy, Seniha Kiremitch Yilmaz, Deniz Kızılay, Münevver Yılmaz, Şenol Coşkun
[This corrects the article on p. 164 in vol. 21, PMID: 27777910.].
December 2016: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160320/utility-of-i-124-pet-ct-in-identifying-radioiodine-avid-lesions-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Prasanna Santhanam, David Taieb, Lilja Solnes, Wael Marashdeh, Paul W Ladenson
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic I-123 scans have been shown to underestimate the disease burden in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) when compared to I-131 post treatment scans, especially in children and patients who have had prior Radioiodine (RAI) therapy and/or distant metastasis.I-124 PET/CT has been shown to be highly effective in imaging DTC related metastatic disease. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating the sensitivity and specificity of I-124 PET/CT in identifying lesions amenable to RAI therapy as confirmed by I-131 post-treatment scanning...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146055/effects-of-gender-on-the-association-of-urinary-phthalate-metabolites-with-thyroid-hormones-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#9
Te-I Weng, Mei-Huei Chen, Guang-Wen Lien, Pai-Shan Chen, Jasper Chia-Cheng Lin, Cheng-Chung Fang, Pau-Chung Chen
Phthalates are considered endocrine disruptors. Our study assessed the gender-specific effects of phthalate exposure on thyroid function in children. In total, 189 Taiwanese children were enrolled in the study. One-spot urine and blood samples were collected for analyzing 12 phthalate metabolites in urine and thyroid hormones. The association between urinary phthalate metabolites and serum thyroid hormones was determined using a generalized linear model with a log link function; the children were categorized into groups for analysis according to the 33rd and 66th percentiles...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144251/permanent-and-transient-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-hamadan-west-province-of-iran
#10
Zahra Razavi, Lida Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common treatable cause of mental retardation and can be classified into permanent and transient types. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of permanent and transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Hamadan, West province of Iran. METHODS: The study population included all cases with primary congenital hypothyroidism, which were confirmed by thyroid function tests (TSH levels ≥ 10 mIU/L)...
October 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137734/early-thyroxine-treatment-in-down-syndrome-and-thyroid-function-later-in-life
#11
Nitash Zwaveling-Soonawala, Emma Witteveen, Jan Pieter Marchal, Femke Klouwer, Nadine Ikelaar, Anne Smets, Rick van Rijn, E Endert, Eric Fliers, Paul van Trotsenburg
OBJECTIVE: The hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis set point develops during the fetal period and first two years of life. We hypothesized that thyroxine treatment during these first two years, in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in children with Down syndrome, may have influenced the HPT-axis set point and may also have influenced the development of Down syndrome associated autoimmune thyroiditis. METHODS: We included 123 children with Down syndrome 8...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135877/disparities-in-health-supervision-for-children-with-down-syndrome
#12
Katie Williams, David Wargowski, Jens Eickhoff, Ellen Wald
Increasing evidence suggests children with Down syndrome do not receive recommended health care services. We retrospectively assessed adherence to the 2001 American Academy of Pediatrics health supervision guidelines for 124 children with Down syndrome. Cervical spine radiographs were completed for 94% of children, often preoperatively. Adherence to complete blood count recommendations was 55% (95% CI 44% to 66%); lower for males ( P = .01) and children with private medical insurance ( P = .04). Adherence to thyroid function recommendations was 61% (95% CI 54% to 67%); higher for children seen by a pediatrician ( P = ...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127634/ultrasound-risk-stratification-for-malignancy-using-the-2015-american-thyroid-association-management-guidelines-for-children-with-thyroid-nodules-and-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#13
Jennifer E Lim-Dunham, Iclal Erdem Toslak, Khalid Alsabban, Amany Aziz, Brendan Martin, Gokcan Okur, Katherine C Longo
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) Management Guidelines for Children with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer provides selection criteria for nodules prior to ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of pediatric thyroid nodule risk stratification for predicting malignancy when applying the ultrasound (US) criteria recommended. MATERIALS AND METHODS: US characteristics of 39 thyroid nodules in 33 pediatric patients who underwent US fine-needle aspiration biopsy were reviewed by two radiologists...
January 27, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111002/more-surprises-in-the-global-greenhouse-human-health-impacts-from-recent-toxic-marine-aerosol-formations-due-to-centennial-alterations-of-world-wide-coastal-food-webs
#14
REVIEW
J J Walsh, J M Lenes, R H Weisberg, L Zheng, C Hu, K A Fanning, R Snyder, J Smith
Reductions of zooplankton biomasses and grazing pressures were observed during overfishing-induced trophic cascades and concurrent oil spills at global scales. Recent phytoplankton increments followed, once Fe-, P-, and N-nutrient limitations of commensal diazotrophs and dinoflagellates were also eliminated by respective human desertification, deforestation, and eutrophication during climate changes. Si-limitation of diatoms instead ensued during these last anthropogenic perturbations of agricultural effluents and sewage loadings...
January 19, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101485/minimizing-the-health-effects-of-the-nuclear-accident-in-fukushima-on-thyroids
#15
REVIEW
Shigenobu Nagataki
RESULTS OF THE SCREENING OF THYROIDS: Because of the March 2011 nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan, the Fukushima Prefecture initiated a thyroid ultrasound examination program. The first cycle of examinations on all children (more than 300,000) of the Fukushima Prefecture identified 116 patients as having malignant or suspected malignant thyroid nodules, and in the second cycle 59 new cases were identified. According to the available data, the thyroid cancers found by the screening are unlikely to be due to radiation, but the possibility cannot be excluded...
December 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100324/-characteristics-of-duoxa2-gene-mutation-in-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#16
Min-Yi Tan, Yong-Lan Huang, Bei Li, Xiang Jiang, Qian-Yu Chen, Xue-Fang Jia, Cheng-Fang Tang, Li Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of DUOXA2 gene mutation and the genotype-phenotype relationship in children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: A total of 20 CH patients with suspected thyroid dyshormonogenesis who had no DUOX2 gene mutation were enrolled. These patients who were born between 2011 and 2012 were screened and diagnosed with CH in the Guangzhou Newborn Screening Center. PCR and direct sequencing were used to analyze DUOXA2 gene mutation...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098666/estimated-internal-and-external-radiation-exposure-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-pediatric-neuroblastoma-undergoing-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-prospective-pilot-study
#17
Sangwon Han, Seon Hee Yoo, Kyung-Nam Koh, Jong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: Current recommendations suggest that family members should participate in the care of children receiving in-hospital I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy for neuroblastoma. The present study aimed to measure the external radiation exposure and estimate the internal radiation exposure of caregivers during the hospital stay for I MIBG therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caregivers received radiation safety instructions and a potassium iodide solution for thyroid blockade before patient admission...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097852/laryngotracheal-edema-due-to-thermal-injury-a-complication-after-thyroidectomy-in-children
#18
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Senol Emreb, Seval Urkmez, Tughan Utkua, Guner Kaya
Postoperative respiratory insufficiency is a serious complication of total thyroidectomies which can be multifactorial, especially in children. We report two siblings who had undergone thyroidectomy with subsequent respiratory distress. Electrothermal bipolar and harmonic scalpel were used during thyroid dissections. Both patients had early postoperative respiratory problems. The older one suffered from mild respiratory distress for 24 hours and then he spontaneously recovered. The younger one was extubated but then she had serious stridor accompanied with abdominal and intercostal retractions...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096684/pediatric-papillary-thyroid-cancer-current-management-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Frederik A Verburg, Hanneke M Van Santen, Markus Luster
Although with a standardized incidence of 0.54 cases per 100,000 persons, differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is a rare disease in children and adolescents, it nonetheless concerns ~1.4% of all pediatric malignancies. Furthermore, its incidence is rising. Due to the rarity and long survival of pediatric DTC patients, in most areas of treatment little evidence exists. Treatment of pediatric DTC is therefore littered with controversies, many questions therefore remain open regarding the optimal management of pediatric papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and many challenges remain unsolved...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078992/smoking-and-eye-pathologies-a-systemic-review-part-ii-retina-diseases-uveitis-optic-neuropathies-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy
#20
Małgorzata Nita, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health. AIM: The analysis of influence of tobacco smoking on retina diseases, uveitis, optic neuropathies, and thyroid-associated orbitopathy in adults and children. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, covering the years 2000-2016. RESULTS: In adults, tobacco smoking is a strong risk factor for age-related macular degeneration, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, uveitis and inflamed cystoid macular edema as well as Grave`s ophthalmopathy...
January 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
keyword
keyword
99505
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"