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occlusal splint

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197441/no-evidence-suggests-that-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-conventional-occlusal-splints-is-superior-to-that-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-myofascial-tempromandibular-disorders-pain
#1
Redhwan Saleh Algabri, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: A systematic review and meta-analysis of usual treatment versus psychosocial interventions in the treatment of myofascial temporomandibular disorder pain. Fan Roldán-Barraza C, Janko S, Villanueva J, Araya I, Lauer HC. J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2014;28(3):205-22. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Self-funding TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181234/clinical-decision-support-model-to-predict-occlusal-force-in-bruxism-patients
#2
Bhornsawan Thanathornwong, Siriwan Suebnukarn
Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a decision support model for the prediction of occlusal force from the size and color of articulating paper markings in bruxism patients. Methods: We used the information from the datasets of 30 bruxism patients in which digital measurements of the size and color of articulating paper markings (12-µm Hanel; Coltene/Whaledent GmbH, Langenau, Germany) on canine protected hard stabilization splints were measured in pixels (P) and in red (R), green (G), and blue (B) values using Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA, USA)...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146196/mri-based-determination-of-occlusal-splint-thickness-for-temporomandibular-joint-disk-derangement-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Ayman F Hegab, Ahmed Hossni Youssef, Hossam I Abd Al Hameed, Khaled Said Karam
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined a method using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the appropriate effective occlusal splint vertical thickness in the management of disk derangement. STUDY DESIGN: Patients were diagnosed as having internal disk displacement of the temporomandibular joint and were divided into 2 groups. Group I (disk displacement with reduction) was subdivided randomly into 2 subgroups: subgroup IA (control group) comprising patients treated with 3-mm-thick splints; and subgroup IB (study group) comprising patients treated with MRI-based splint thickness...
October 12, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138601/zinc-phosphate-as-a-definitive-cement-for-implant-supported-crowns-and-fixed-dentures
#4
Dennis Flanagan
Implant-supported dental prostheses can be retained by a screw or cement. Implant-supported fixed partial dentures have a passive fit. A passive fit means there is an internal gap between the abutment surface and the intaglio of the retainer to insure that there is no lateral pressure on the supporting implants or friction upon seating of the prosthesis. This gap is filled with cement for retention of the prosthesis. Any lateral pressure may cause marginal bone loss or periimplantitis. Also, there is usually a microscopic gap at the margin of a crown retainer that exposes the cement to oral fluids...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126810/sensory-trick-splint-as-a-multimodal-therapy-for-oromandibular-dystonia
#5
Kazuya Yoshida
PURPOSE: Many patients with oromandibular dystonia, which is characterized by involuntary masticatory, lower facial, and/or tongue muscle contractions, experience relief of symptoms through sensory tricks such as eating chewing gum or candy. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing the effects of splints in patients with oromandibular dystonia. METHODS: Occlusal splints were inserted in 128 patients (89 women, 39 men) with oromandibular dystonia (102 with jaw closing dystonia, 20 with lingual dystonia, 5 with jaw deviation dystonia, 4 with jaw opening dystonia, 3 with lip dystonia, and 2 with jaw protrusion dystonia)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105023/mandibular-response-after-rapid-maxillary-expansion-in-class-ii-growing-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Roberta Lione, Valerio Brunelli, Lorenzo Franchi, Chiara Pavoni, Bernardo Quiroga Souki, Paola Cozza
BACKGROUND: The aim of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the sagittal mandibular response induced by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) therapy in mixed dentition patients with class II malocclusion, comparing the effects of bonded RME and banded RME with a matched untreated class II control group. METHODS: This RCT was designed in parallel with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1. The sample consisted of 30 children with a mean age of 8.1 ± 0...
November 6, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102332/conservative-treatment-of-children-with-chronic-diffuse-sclerosing-osteomyelitis-tendoperiostitis-of-the-mandible
#7
Marieke M van de Meent, Hamid Meshkini, Marta Fiocco, Miranda J M Wetselaar-Glas, Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra, J P Richard van Merkesteyn
Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (DSO) of the mandible is a rare disease of unknown aetiology. It has been suggested that overuse of the masticatory muscles, tendoperiostitis (TP), is a contributing factor for DSO. Therefore, we tested this hypothesis by treating consecutive children with conservative therapy. All patients were treated with conservative therapy, comprising occlusal splint therapy, physiotherapy, and/or disease counselling. Pain intensity on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and pain frequency in number of days per 3 months were recorded before the start of treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment initiation...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066041/accuracy-of-virtual-surgical-planning-of-orthognathic-surgery-with-aid-of-cad-cam-fabricated-surgical-splint-a-novel-3d-analyzing-algorithm
#8
Shih-Jan Chin, Frank Wilde, Michael Neuhaus, Alexander Schramm, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Majeed Rana
The benefit of computer-assisted planning in orthognathic surgery has been extensively documented over the last decade. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of a virtual orthognathic surgical plan by a novel three dimensional (3D) analysis method. Ten patients who required orthognathic surgery were included in this study. A virtual surgical plan was achieved by the combination of a 3D skull model acquired from computed tomography (CT) and surface scanning of the upper and lower dental arch respectively and final occlusal position...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065815/management-of-pain-in-tmd-patients-bio-oxidative-ozone-therapy-versus-occlusal-splints
#9
Tamer Celakil, Almina Muric, Bilge Gökcen Roehlig, Gulumser Evlioglu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of bio-oxidative ozone application with occlusal splints in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with pain. METHODS: Forty participants were selected after the diagnosis of TMD and randomly divided into two groups: ozone group (OG, n = 20) and occlusal splint group (OCSG, n = 20). Ozone was applied to patients three times per week, for a total of six sessions. Patients in the OCSG were instructed to use occlusal splints every night over a period of four weeks...
October 24, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943181/clinical-study-of-splint-therapeutic-efficacy-for-the-relief-of-temporomandibular-joint-discomfort
#10
Yoko Hasegawa, Naoya Kakimoto, Seiki Tomita, Masanori Fujiwara, Reichi Ishikura, Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Kosuke Honda
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between displacement of the mandibular condyle/disc due to occlusal splint insertion with splint therapy and changes in discomfort of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to clarify the relationships between the outcomes over time of temporomandibular discomfort and TMJ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings at the initiation of splint therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 patients admitted to hospital with discomfort around the TMJ were evaluated...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902108/effects-of-two-different-self-adapted-occlusal-splints-on-electromyographic-and-force-parameters-during-elbow-flexors-isometric-contraction
#11
Eloisa Limonta, Chiara Arienti, Susanna Rampichini, Massimo Venturelli, Emiliano Cè, Arsenio Veicsteinas, Fabio Esposito
The study was aimed at determining the acute effects of two types of occlusal splints on maximum isometric strength and fatigue of the elbow flexors muscles. The hypothesis was that splint-induced masticatory muscle repositioning might improve primary muscles recruitment by stretching masticatory muscles especially with the thicker splint.On nine physically active volunteers with no temporo-mandibular joint and masticatory muscles disorders, we assessed maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the elbow flexors with diurnal (OSD, 1-mm thick) and sport (OSSP, 3-mm thick) splints, and without splint (control, Ctrl)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872995/eva-vacuum-formed-alternative-splinting-of-alveolar-fractures-in-primary-dentition-a-case-report
#12
Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Nikos N Lygidakis, Nick A Lygidakis
Alveolar fractures treatment includes repositioning of displaced segments and splinting. In children, splinting procedures may occasionally present clinical problems resulting from fewer teeth available for splinting or presence of occlusal disturbances. An alternative clinical approach for splinting in alveolar fractures of primary dentition is described. CLINICAL CASE: A 4.5-year-old girl was referred to our clinic 8 hours after a fall accident. Clinical examination revealed mandibular alveolar process segmental fracture in the right canine area with frontal dislodgement of the labial cortical bone resulting to occluding inability...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866149/three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-of-occlusal-splint-and-implant-connection-on-stress-distribution-in-implant-supported-fixed-dental-prosthesis-and-peri-implantal-bone
#13
Vívian Dos Santos Marsico, Roberto Brunow Lehmann, Cristiane Aparecida de Assis Claro, Marina Amaral, Rafael Pino Vitti, Ana Christina Claro Neves, Lais Regiane da Silva Concilio
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of occlusal splint therapy on the stress distribution of implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) and peri-implantal bone structures using three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis (FEA). The system consisted of two implants (positioned on region of second premolar and second molar) as retainers of fixed porcelain-fused-to-metal 3-unit FDP (first molar as pontic element). Two implant connections systems (external and internal hexagon) were tested...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839479/efficacy-of-selective-grinding-guided-by-an-occlusal-splint-in-management-of-myofascial-pain-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#14
REVIEW
Felipe J Fernández-González, Jorge Cabero-López, Aritza Brizuela, Ivan Suazo, Esteban Pérez-Pevida, Teresa Cobo, Oier Montalban, Markel Diéguez-Pereira, David Chávarri-Prado, Iker Bellanco de la Pinta, Antonio Jiménez-Garrudo
BACKGROUND: For patients whose centric relation (CR) has not been considered at the start and during treatment, the task of achieving an occlusal scheme that works together with the temporomandibular joint, the muscles, and the structures of the stomatognathic apparatus becomes a major concern. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe a reproducible, predictable and to date unreported procedure of selective grinding guided by an occlusal splint and to analyze condylar position (CP) based on the skeletal pattern...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834829/line-laser-as-an-assistance-for-facial-and-dental-midlines-evaluation-in-single-splint-orthognathic-surgery
#15
Chung-Chih Yu, Yu-Ray Chen, James Cheng-Yi Lin
Coincidence of facial and dental midlines is one of the important goals in orthognathic-orthodontic treatment to achieve optimum facial aesthetics and good occlusal functions. Tools assisting diagnosis of facial midline are usually ruler or dental floss. These tools are usually hand held and hinder the global sight required in facial evaluation. Line laser device projects a steady narrow laser line and is commonly used in construction and carpentry to replace traditional chalk line tool. The authors take the advantages of line laser and incorporate it into facial evaluation in the authors' practice of single-splint orthognathic surgery...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791820/evaluation-of-articular-disc-loading-in-the-temporomandibular-joints-after-prosthetic-and-pharmacological-treatment-in-model-studies
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Małgorzata E Pihut, Jerzy Margielewicz, Edward Kijak, Grażyna Wiśniewska
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint dysfunction is often related to excessive load in the stomatognathic system. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the model tests, using numeric calculations, was to assess the articular disc loads in the temporomandibular joints after prosthetic and pharmacological treatment of functional disorders of the masticatory organ. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 10 patients, aged 21-48 years, of both sexes, randomly selected from a group of 120 patients treated with relaxation occlusal splints (60 patients, group I) and intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin type A (60 patients, group II), suffering from temporomandibular joint dysfunction with the dominant muscle component...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789647/evaluation-of-muscle-activity-bite-force-and-salivary-cortisol-in-children-with-bruxism-before-and-after-low-level-laser-applied-to-acupoints-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mônica da Consolação Canuto Salgueiro, Carolina Carvalho Bortoletto, Anna Carolina RattoTempestini Horliana, Ana Carolina Costa Mota, Lara Jansiski Motta, Pamella de Barros Motta, Raquel Agnelli MesquitaFerrari, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
BACKGROUND: Bruxism is a repetitive activity that causes tooth wear, audible sounds, and discomfort. Preventive measures have been studied for conditions that can exert a negative influence on physiological development in children. Low-level laser therapy administered over acupoints is an effective, painless, low-cost treatment option that has achieved good results. Thus, the aim of the proposed study is to evaluate changes in muscle activity, bite force and salivary cortisol in children with bruxism after the application of low-level laser to accupoints...
August 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748047/immediate-vs-delayed-endosseous-integration-of-maxi-implants-a-torque-removal-animal-study
#18
Hanif Allahbakhshi, Fariborz Vafaee, Mehrdad Lotfazar, Ahmad Hasan Ahangary, Masoumeh Khoshhal, Farnoush Fotovat
Background. Delayed loading is one of the concerns in implant patients. Immediate loading can solve the problem and make patients more satisfied. The present study aimed to compare the removal torque of maxi implants under different loading (immediate and delayed) patterns. Methods. This split-mouth experimental study included 2 dogs. Impressions were made and then all the premolars were extracted under general anesthesia. After a three-month healing period, 3 implants were inserted in each quadrant (a total of 12 implants)...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738107/acupuncture-in-temporomandibular-disorder-myofascial-pain-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
Ana Carla Fernandes, Dayanne Monielle Duarte Moura, Laura Géssica Dantas Da Silva, Erika Oliveira De Almeida, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
AIMS: To carry out a systematic review of clinical trials published up to 2015 to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating myofascial pain in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. METHODS: The databases used were the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science; the dates of the articles surveyed ranged from 1990 to May 2015. The inclusion criteria were: (1) publications in English, Portuguese, or Spanish; (2) controlled clinical trials; (3) patients with TMD of muscular origin; and (4) studies that used acupuncture or laser acupuncture only for treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734259/polishability-and-wear-resistance-of-splint-material-for-oral-appliances-produced-with-conventional-subtractive-and-additive-manufacturing
#20
Fabian Huettig, Achim Kustermann, Ebru Kuscu, Jürgen Geis-Gerstorfer, Sebastian Spintzyk
Occlusal splints to treat bruxism are commonly made from polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in a manual workflow (powder-liquid technique). Today digitalization allows a machine-based manufacturing in subtractive (milling) and additive (printing) means using industrial-made PMMA or comparable resins. An in-vitro study should assess the surface finish and screen the wear resistance of conventional and industrial materials. Therefore, a total of 30 specimens made from conventionally PMMA (group C; powder-liquid, Palapress), polycarbonate ingots (group S; innoBlanc splint plus), and light-curing resin (group A; VarseoWax splint) were polished to examine the surface roughness (Ra) by profilometry and further analyzed by SEM...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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