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occlusal splint

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926943/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#1
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926500/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#2
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920731/alteration-of-occlusal-vertical-dimension-induces-signs-of-neuroplastic-changes-in-corticomotor-control-of-masseter-muscles-preliminary-findings
#3
Hongyan Deng, Shang Gao, Shengyi Lu, Abhishek Kumar, Zhenting Zhang, Peter Svensson
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of altering occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) in patients with severe attrition on corticomotor control of the masseter muscles as assessed by navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS). METHODS: Seven patients (58.6±8.4years) with decreased OVD due to severe attrition were given mandibular occlusal splints to alter the OVD with the instruction to wear during the whole awake time for a period of four weeks. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and the motor cortex maps of the masseter muscles and first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscles as control were recorded by nTMS at baseline and at least 4 weeks after the alteration of OVD...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905544/-justification-of-choice-of-the-position-of-the-reinforcement-element-of-a-glass-fiber-adhesive-tire-based-on-the-study-of-diagnostic-models-in-the-articulator-and-the-following-parallelmetric-research
#4
R Levandovsky, N Belikova, A Belikov, O Godovanets, G Nakashidze
The aim of the study was to develop the most optimal variant for placing the reinforcing element of a fiberglass splint with the mobility of the anterior teeth on the basis of a parallelometric study of the diagnostic models of the jaws depending on the type of occlusion and the degree of bone resorption. For the most optimal variant of the placement of the reinforcing element of the adhesive splint with orthognathic bite and deep incisal overlap, the front slope of the model was selected with the transfer of the reinforcing element of the adhesive splint onto the lingual surface...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900923/utility-of-facebow-in-the-fabrication-of-complete-dentures-occlusal-splints-and-full-arch-fixed-dental-prostheses-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali, Aiman Sheikh
Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the utility of facebow transfer in the fabrication of occlusal splints, complete dentures and full arch fixed dental prosthesis. Materials and Methods: A systematic review protocol was registered at PROSPERO registry, University of York, UK (CRD42016041919). Following databases were explored: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of knowledge. The PICO model included participants who received occlusal splint or complete denture or full arch fixed dental prosthesis at the centric relation position...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875558/comparative-evaluation-of-salivary-cortisol-levels-in-bruxism-patients-before-and-after-using-soft-occlusal-splint-an-in-vivo-study
#6
Pudi Sriharsha, Anil Kumar Gujjari, M R Dhakshaini, Akila Prashant
Introduction: Bruxism is defined as a nonfunctional activity or a parafunctional habit characterized by the unconscious repetitive motion of clenching and/or grinding of the teeth. Soft occlusal splints have been considered as the first-line strategy for treating nocturnal bruxism. Cortisol is a major steroid hormone secreted by fascicular zone of the adrenal cortex, belonging to the glucocorticosteroidal group of hormones. Clinical studies have shown that when humans are placed under stress, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis is activated, leading to an increase in cortical secretion...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850283/pain-management-associated-with-posttraumatic-unilateral-temporomandibular-joint-anterior-disc-displacement-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Andrea Gómez-González, Adriana Torre-Delgadillo, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
The aim of the present article is to review the etiological risk factors and the general and oral management of anterior disc displacement with reduction caused by a chin trauma, and to describe the diagnostic process and the treatment provided to an affected 7-year-old girl. The patient also experienced frequent and severe cephaleas, which may be related to cervical vertebrae deviation. The patient was successfully treated with an intraoral occlusal splint and analgesics. Pediatric dentists must always be aware of the early signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders in their patients, especially in cases of orofacial trauma history, with the aim of providing an opportune resolution and preventing its progression later in life...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745321/selected-applications-for-current-polymers-in-prosthetic-dentistry-state-of-the-art
#8
Maciej Kawala, Joanna Smardz, Lukasz Adamczyk, Natalia Grychowska, Mieszko Wieckiewicz
BACKGROUND: Polymers are widely applied in medicine, including dentistry, i.e. in prosthodontics. AIM: The following paper is aimed at demonstrating the applications of selected modern polymers in prosthetic dentistry based on the reported literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted using the PubMed, SCOPUS and CINAHL databases in relation to documents published during 1999-2017. The following keywords were used: polymers with: prosthetic dentistry, impression materials, denture base materials, bite registration materials, denture soft liners, occlusal splint materials and 3D printing...
May 10, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742243/amitriptyline-and-intraoral-devices-for-migraine-prevention-a-randomized-comparative-trial
#9
Marco A D Bruno, Abouch V Krymchantowski
OBJECTIVES: Nonpharmacological treatments, such as the Nociceptive Trigeminal Inhibition Tension Suppression System (NTI-tss), are approved for migraine prophylaxis. We aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the NTI-tss and to compare its efficacy with amitriptyline and with a sham intraoral device in the preventive treatment of migraine. METHODS: Consecutive patients with migraine were randomized to receive 25 mg of amitriptyline/day (n = 34), NTI-tss (n = 33) and a non-occlusal splint (n = 30)...
April 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730613/photomodulation-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-protocol-for-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#10
Ana Paula Taboada Sobral, Camila Leal H de Godoy, Kristianne P Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Sonia F Monken, Lara J Motta
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological data show that the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) start becoming apparent from 6 years of age, and during adolescence these signs and symptoms are similar to those of adults. The present study aims to estimate the direct costs for treatment of chronic muscle pain with photobiomodulation therapy, occlusal splint and placebo in patients with TMD; to evaluate the effectiveness of photobiomodulation therapy and occlusal splint for treatment of muscle pain in patients with TMD; to analyse the cost-effectiveness of the two proposed treatments for pain; and to describe and compare the results of the analyses of these treatments...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720328/evaluation-of-bacterial-flora-composition-on-teeth-and-periodontal-tissues-in-patients-in-treatment-with-rapid-palatal-expander
#11
D De Santis, P Pancera, U Luciano, F Gelpi, G Causarano, D Formentini, M Marchiori, L Lanaro, G Puddu, S Sinigaglia, D Bertossi, P Faccioni, P F Nocini
Patients in treatment with rapid palatal expander (RPE) require professional assistance and more meticulous instructions on oral hygiene, since this appliance predisposes to gingivitis and caries. The aim of this work is to analyse the variability of the oral microbial flora found in patients in treatment with RPE with occlusal acrylic splint. It was also investigated whether the association of an antimicrobial mouthwash was useful during orthodontic treatment or whether regular and specific home oral hygiene manoeuvres were sufficient to maintain a good plaque control...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720327/effects-of-clear-aligners-on-sleep-bruxism-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
T Castroflorio, A Bargellini, A Lucchese, M Manuelli, F Casasco, G Cugliari, I Cioffi, A Deregibus
The possible effects on sleep bruxism (SB) of clear aligners in orthodontics are unknown. This study was conducted to analyze the effects of clear aligners on SB. Sixty subjects needing orthodontic treatment and affected by SB (33 m, 27 f, 20±;5 years) were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to one of the following three groups: 20 were given clear aligners (CAT) (12 m, 8 f, 19±5 years), 20 occlusal splint (MOS) (9 m, 11 f, 22±5 years) and 20 a placebo splint (PMS) (12 m, 8 f, 24±3 years). All groups were followed for 6 consecutive months and monitored for SB with a portable electromyographic-electrocardiographic (EMG-ECG) device (Bruxoff®, OT Bioelettronica, Torino, Italy)...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706222/using-a-single-cone-beam-computed-tomography-scan-to-obtain-full-occlusal-details-with-the-mandible-in-centric-relation-and-maximum-intercuspation
#13
Amr Ragab El-Beialy, Ayman El Nigoumi, Amgad Kaddah, Hisham Afify
INTRODUCTION: One obstacle with the implementation of digital technology in orthodontics is the acquisition of occlusal details while maintaining the mandible in the full interdigitation position. With 1 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan of the patient and 1 digital scan of the patient's dental models in occlusion, it might be possible to obtain full occlusal details and generate 2 volumes, with the mandible in centric relation and maximum intercuspation positions. The purpose of this article was to describe the technique...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692327/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-occlusal-splint-trigger-point-injection-and-arthrocentesis-in-the-treatment-of-internal-derangement-patients-with-myofascial-pain-disorders
#14
Itır Şebnem Bilici, Yusuf Emes, Buket Aybar, Serhat Yalçın
PURPOSE: In temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), unless splints are effective, combined therapies are performed. The aim of this study is to show the effectiveness of the local anaesthethic injections (trigger point injections) to the masticatory muscles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was composed of TMD patients and the predictor variables were therapy combinations including stabilization splint (SS) therapy, SS+trigger point injection therapy (TPI) and arthrocentesis...
June 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663496/comparison-of-wear-between-occlusal-splint-materials-and-resin-composite-materials
#15
M Reyes-Sevilla, R H Kuijs, A Werner, C J Kleverlaan, F Lobbezoo
Tooth wear in bruxing patients often results in a need for treatment with composite restorations. In some cases, bruxing patients receive an occlusal splint as a protective means as well. However, the wear between these opposing materials has not been investigated yet. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the wear of different splint materials against resin composite materials. A two-body wear test was conducted using the ACTA wear machine. The materials selected for this study were three composites used for direct restorations (Filtek Z250, CLEARFIL AP-X, and Filtek Supreme XT) and four occlusal splints materials, viz...
July 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651856/postoperative-fixation-after-repositioning-of-premaxilla-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-case-report
#16
M Koťová, M Dušková, E Leamerová, W Urbanová, K Schwarzmannová, K Novotná, A Sukop
This article presents orthodontic-surgical treatment in an eight-year-old patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate where premaxilla was surgically repositioned in the mixed dentition stage. By cranial and dorsal insertion of the premaxilla were created satisfactory occlusal relationship for ongoing eruption of permanent teeth, together with functional lip closure, improved pronunciation and a positive change in appearance of the centrofacial area. Reposition of premaxilla was associated with bilateral alveolar bone grafting of the cleft defect with cancellous bone from the iliac crest...
2018: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626447/hemimandibular-hyperplasia-correction-by-simultaneous-orthognathic-surgery-and-condylectomy-under-digital-guidance
#17
Bing Han, Xing Wang, Zili Li, Biao Yi, Cheng Liang, Xiaoxia Wang
PURPOSE: Orthognathic surgery with simultaneous condylectomy under digital guidance has been proved to be a feasible method to treat hemimandibular hyperplasia (HH). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects and precision of correction of HH by use of this method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case-series study. Fourteen patients with HH who had undergone simultaneous bimaxillary orthognathic surgery and condylectomy from January 2016 to April 2017 were included in this study...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610781/three-dimensional-registration-of-real-jaw-motion-tracking-data-and-its-therapeutic-consequences
#18
Andreas Kurbad
When determined by conventional jaw relation recording methods, the real position of the condyle remains largely unclear because the geometric relationship between the reference point and the position of the condyle is unknown. Sicat Function combines cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data with digital jaw motion tracking (JMT) data and digital intraoral surface data. It is thus capable of measuring and visualizing patient-specific jaw movements. The corresponding patient-specific treatment position can be defined and integrated in various therapeutic appliances, eg, repositioning splints designed to increase the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO)...
2018: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590711/position-of-mandibular-condyles-during-stabilization-splint-wearing
#19
Anja Profozić, Antonia Plazibat, Antonia Polašek, Manuela Pliško, Samir Čimić
The purpose of this study was to determine the position of mandibular condyles during wearing of stabilization splints with different thickness. Two stabilization splints were made for 10 completely dentate participants. First splint was made with minimal 1 mm distance at molar area between the upper and lower teeth, while the second splint was made 3 mm higher than the first splint. Condylar position measurements during splint wearing were done using ultrasound jaw tracking device with six degrees of freedom at the antero-posterior (x), vertical (y) and lateral (z) axes...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525667/effect-of-fatigue-protocols-on-flexural-strength-of-lithium-disilicate-bars-with-clamped-ends
#20
Aline Serrado de Pinho Barcellos, Caroline Cotes Marinho, Jean Soares Miranda, Marina Amaral, Marcos Yutaka Shiino, Estevão Tomomitsu Kimpara
The aim of this study was compare the effect of two in vitro ageing protocols to intraoral aging on the flexural strength of a lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic bars with clamped ends. After polishing and crystallization, the both ends of the bars were cemented to a metallic device and subjected to mechanical cycling, thermomechanical cycling, or intraoral ageing. Ten volunteers used an intraoral device - similar to an occlusal splint with a balanced contact condition on the occlusal surface of the ceramic bar - during 8 h night time / 30 days...
May 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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