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occlusal splint

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429838/multidisciplinary-management-of-a-partially-edentulous-patient-with-oromandibular-dystonia-a-clinical-report
#1
Olcay Sakar, Zeliha Matur, Zeynep Mumcu, Pinar Sesen, Emre Oge
Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is defined as a subset of movement disorders characterized by involuntary muscle contraction in different parts of the oromandibular region. This clinical report presents a multidisciplinary approach to the management of a patient with OMD. The involuntary movement of her mandible and tongue was improved with a mandibular custom occlusal splint and maxillary modified removable complete denture together with botulinum toxin A injections.
February 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398097/3d-printing-in-orthognathic-surgery-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Hsiu-Hsia Lin, Daniel Lonic, Lun-Jou Lo
With the recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) imaging, computer-assisted surgical planning and simulation are now regularly used for analysis of craniofacial structures and improved prediction of surgical outcomes in orthognathic surgery. A variety of patient-specific surgical guides and devices have been designed and manufactured using 3D printing technology, which rapidly gained widespread popularity to improve the outcomes. The article presents an overview of 3D printing technology for state-of-the-art application in orthognathic surgery and discusses the impacts on treatment feasibility and patient outcome...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391181/secondary-caries-development-and-the-role-of-a-matrix-metalloproteinase-inhibitor-a-clinical-in-situ-study
#3
T T Maske, N K Kuper, A C C Hollanders, E M Bronkhorst, M S Cenci, M C D N J M Huysmans
OBJECTIVES: This in situ study aimed to investigate whether the dentin treatment with MMPs inhibitor (CHX 2%) could influence the development of secondary caries wall lesions in different dentin-composite interfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For 21 days, 15 volunteers wore a modified-occlusal splint loaded with dentin-composite samples treated or not with CHX and restored according 4 different interface conditions: Bonding (B = samples restored with complete adhesive procedure), no bonding (NB = restored with composite resin without adhesive procedure), 100 μm (no adhesive procedure and with intentional gap) and 100 μm + B (adhesive material on composite side and intentional gap)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362632/temporomandibular-disorders-treatment-with-correction-of-decreased-occlusal-vertical-dimension
#4
Ljuben Guguvcevski, Nikola Gigovski, Aneta Mijoska, Katerina Zlatanovska, Ana Arsova-Gigovska
BACKGROUND: The term decreased occlusal vertical dimension refers to the reduced distance between two anatomical points while the teeth are in a state of occlusion. The development of this situation is about some parafunctional activities of the masticatory system. AIM: To evaluate the value of decreased occlusal vertical dimension in cases with temporomandibular disorder and to follow up the influence of corrective treatment with occlusal splints and definitive prosthetic construction upon the elimination of clinical symptoms...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303139/temporomandibular-joint-involvement-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#5
Alime Okkesim, Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Melda Misirlioglu
Psoriasis is a chronic, papulosquamous, and an inflammatory skin disease. It has been found that between 5% and 24% of patients develop psoriatic arthritis (PA) at the same time after or even prior to skin findings. The involvement of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare condition. In this report, a-46-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with the complaint of pain in the bilateral TMJs, and a limited jaw movement. Medical anamnesis revealed he had psoriasis for the last 21 years, and developed a seronegative polyarthritis with destructive changes for 8 years...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297553/effect-of-occlusal-splints-on-the-stress-distribution-on-the-temporomandibular-joint-disc
#6
Fabiane Maria Ferreira, Paulo Cézar Simamoto-Júnior, Carlos José Soares, António Manuel de Amaral Monteiro Ramos, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes-Neto
Conservative approach, including occlusal splint therapy, is the first option to treat temporomandibular disorders (TMD), because of its reversibility. The present study analyzed the effect of the articular disc position and occlusal splints use on the stress distribution on this disc. A two-dimensional (2D) finite element (FE) model of the temporomandibular joint with the articular disc at its physiologic position was constructed based on cone-beam computed tomography. Three other FE models were created changing the disc position, according to occlusal splint use and anterior disc displacement condition...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275075/accuracy-of-computer-assisted-orthognathic-surgery
#7
Giacomo De Riu, Paola Ilaria Virdis, Silvio Mario Meloni, Aurea Lumbau, Luigi Angelo Vaira
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the difference between the planned and the actual movements of the jaws, using three-dimensional (3D) software for PC-assisted orthognathic surgery, to establish the accuracy of the procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with 49 patients who had undergone PC-guided bimaxillary surgery. The accuracy of the protocol was determined by comparing planned movements of the jaws with the actual surgical movements, analysing frontal and lateral cephalometries...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243157/why-is-a-prone-sleeping-position-dangerous-for-certain-infants
#8
Roger W Byard, Fiona Bright, Robert Vink
The prone (face down) sleeping position is known to be associated with a significantly increased risk of sudden and unexpected death in infancy (sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS), however, the reasons for this are unclear. Suggested mechanisms have involved suffocation from occlusion of the external airways by soft bedding/pillows or from flattening of the nose with backward displacement of the tongue, rebreathing of carbon dioxide, blunting of arousal responses with decreased cardiac responses to auditory stimulation, diaphragmatic splinting or fatigue, lowering of vasomotor tone with tachycardia, nasopharyngeal bacterial overgrowth, overheating, alteration of sleep patterns, compromise of cerebral blood flow and upper airway obstruction from distortion of nasal cartilages...
December 14, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197441/no-evidence-suggests-that-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-conventional-occlusal-splints-is-superior-to-that-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-myofascial-tempromandibular-disorders-pain
#9
Redhwan Saleh Algabri, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: A systematic review and meta-analysis of usual treatment versus psychosocial interventions in the treatment of myofascial temporomandibular disorder pain. Fan Roldán-Barraza C, Janko S, Villanueva J, Araya I, Lauer HC. J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2014;28(3):205-22. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Self-funding TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181234/clinical-decision-support-model-to-predict-occlusal-force-in-bruxism-patients
#10
Bhornsawan Thanathornwong, Siriwan Suebnukarn
Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a decision support model for the prediction of occlusal force from the size and color of articulating paper markings in bruxism patients. Methods: We used the information from the datasets of 30 bruxism patients in which digital measurements of the size and color of articulating paper markings (12-µm Hanel; Coltene/Whaledent GmbH, Langenau, Germany) on canine protected hard stabilization splints were measured in pixels (P) and in red (R), green (G), and blue (B) values using Adobe Photoshop software (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA, USA)...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146196/mri-based-determination-of-occlusal-splint-thickness-for-temporomandibular-joint-disk-derangement-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Ayman F Hegab, Ahmed Hossni Youssef, Hossam I Abd Al Hameed, Khaled Said Karam
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined a method using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the appropriate effective occlusal splint vertical thickness in the management of disk derangement. STUDY DESIGN: Patients were diagnosed as having internal disk displacement of the temporomandibular joint and were divided into 2 groups. Group I (disk displacement with reduction) was subdivided randomly into 2 subgroups: subgroup IA (control group) comprising patients treated with 3-mm-thick splints; and subgroup IB (study group) comprising patients treated with MRI-based splint thickness...
January 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138601/zinc-phosphate-as-a-definitive-cement-for-implant-supported-crowns-and-fixed-dentures
#12
Dennis Flanagan
Implant-supported dental prostheses can be retained by a screw or cement. Implant-supported fixed partial dentures have a passive fit. A passive fit means there is an internal gap between the abutment surface and the intaglio of the retainer to insure that there is no lateral pressure on the supporting implants or friction upon seating of the prosthesis. This gap is filled with cement for retention of the prosthesis. Any lateral pressure may cause marginal bone loss or periimplantitis. Also, there is usually a microscopic gap at the margin of a crown retainer that exposes the cement to oral fluids...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126810/sensory-trick-splint-as-a-multimodal-therapy-for-oromandibular-dystonia
#13
Kazuya Yoshida
PURPOSE: Many patients with oromandibular dystonia, which is characterized by involuntary masticatory, lower facial, and/or tongue muscle contractions, experience relief of symptoms through sensory tricks such as eating chewing gum or candy. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing the effects of splints in patients with oromandibular dystonia. METHODS: Occlusal splints were inserted in 128 patients (89 women, 39 men) with oromandibular dystonia (102 with jaw closing dystonia, 20 with lingual dystonia, 5 with jaw deviation dystonia, 4 with jaw opening dystonia, 3 with lip dystonia, and 2 with jaw protrusion dystonia)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105023/mandibular-response-after-rapid-maxillary-expansion-in-class-ii-growing-patients-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Roberta Lione, Valerio Brunelli, Lorenzo Franchi, Chiara Pavoni, Bernardo Quiroga Souki, Paola Cozza
BACKGROUND: The aim of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the sagittal mandibular response induced by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) therapy in mixed dentition patients with class II malocclusion, comparing the effects of bonded RME and banded RME with a matched untreated class II control group. METHODS: This RCT was designed in parallel with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1. The sample consisted of 30 children with a mean age of 8.1 ± 0...
November 6, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102332/conservative-treatment-of-children-with-chronic-diffuse-sclerosing-osteomyelitis-tendoperiostitis-of-the-mandible
#15
Marieke M van de Meent, Hamid Meshkini, Marta Fiocco, Miranda J M Wetselaar-Glas, Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra, J P Richard van Merkesteyn
Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (DSO) of the mandible is a rare disease of unknown aetiology. It has been suggested that overuse of the masticatory muscles, tendoperiostitis (TP), is a contributing factor for DSO. Therefore, we tested this hypothesis by treating consecutive children with conservative therapy. All patients were treated with conservative therapy, comprising occlusal splint therapy, physiotherapy, and/or disease counselling. Pain intensity on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and pain frequency in number of days per 3 months were recorded before the start of treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment initiation...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066041/accuracy-of-virtual-surgical-planning-of-orthognathic-surgery-with-aid-of-cad-cam-fabricated-surgical-splint-a-novel-3d-analyzing-algorithm
#16
Shih-Jan Chin, Frank Wilde, Michael Neuhaus, Alexander Schramm, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Majeed Rana
The benefit of computer-assisted planning in orthognathic surgery has been extensively documented over the last decade. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of a virtual orthognathic surgical plan by a novel three dimensional (3D) analysis method. Ten patients who required orthognathic surgery were included in this study. A virtual surgical plan was achieved by the combination of a 3D skull model acquired from computed tomography (CT) and surface scanning of the upper and lower dental arch respectively and final occlusal position...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065815/management-of-pain-in-tmd-patients-bio-oxidative-ozone-therapy-versus-occlusal-splints
#17
Tamer Celakil, Almina Muric, Bilge Gökcen Roehlig, Gulumser Evlioglu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of bio-oxidative ozone application with occlusal splints in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with pain. METHODS: Forty participants were selected after the diagnosis of TMD and randomly divided into two groups: ozone group (OG, n = 20) and occlusal splint group (OCSG, n = 20). Ozone was applied to patients three times per week, for a total of six sessions. Patients in the OCSG were instructed to use occlusal splints every night over a period of four weeks...
October 24, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943181/clinical-study-of-splint-therapeutic-efficacy-for-the-relief-of-temporomandibular-joint-discomfort
#18
Yoko Hasegawa, Naoya Kakimoto, Seiki Tomita, Masanori Fujiwara, Reichi Ishikura, Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Kosuke Honda
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between displacement of the mandibular condyle/disc due to occlusal splint insertion with splint therapy and changes in discomfort of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to clarify the relationships between the outcomes over time of temporomandibular discomfort and TMJ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings at the initiation of splint therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 patients admitted to hospital with discomfort around the TMJ were evaluated...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902108/effects-of-two-different-self-adapted-occlusal-splints-on-electromyographic-and-force-parameters-during-elbow-flexors-isometric-contraction
#19
Eloisa Limonta, Chiara Arienti, Susanna Rampichini, Massimo Venturelli, Emiliano Cè, Arsenio Veicsteinas, Fabio Esposito
The study was aimed at determining the acute effects of two types of occlusal splints on maximum isometric strength and fatigue of the elbow flexors muscles. The hypothesis was that splint-induced masticatory muscle repositioning might improve primary muscles recruitment by stretching masticatory muscles especially with the thicker splint.On nine physically active volunteers with no temporo-mandibular joint and masticatory muscles disorders, we assessed maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the elbow flexors with diurnal (OSD, 1-mm thick) and sport (OSSP, 3-mm thick) splints, and without splint (control, Ctrl)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872995/eva-vacuum-formed-alternative-splinting-of-alveolar-fractures-in-primary-dentition-a-case-report
#20
Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Nikos N Lygidakis, Nick A Lygidakis
Alveolar fractures treatment includes repositioning of displaced segments and splinting. In children, splinting procedures may occasionally present clinical problems resulting from fewer teeth available for splinting or presence of occlusal disturbances. An alternative clinical approach for splinting in alveolar fractures of primary dentition is described. CLINICAL CASE: A 4.5-year-old girl was referred to our clinic 8 hours after a fall accident. Clinical examination revealed mandibular alveolar process segmental fracture in the right canine area with frontal dislodgement of the labial cortical bone resulting to occluding inability...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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