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occlusal splint

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341261/occlusive-drainage-system-for-split-thickness-skin-graft-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sara Fu-Yin Hsiao, Hsu Ma, Yu-Hei Wang, Tien-Hsiang Wang
BACKGROUND: Split-thickness skin grafts are widely used in reconstruction of large area defects. Conventional postoperative recipient site care includes saline-moistened gauze with a protective layer of petroleum gauze and splints for immobilization. This method causes pain while changing the dressing. We designed a better occlusive drainage system for split-thickness skin grafts. We compared the treatment effect and subjective evaluation of our occlusive drainage system with that of the conventional method for coverage of split-thickness skin grafts...
March 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296738/clinical-efficacy-of-a-centric-relation-occlusal-splint-and-intra-articular-liquid-phase-concentrated-growth-factor-injection-for-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-disorders
#2
Jung-Wu Yang, Yi-Chia Huang, Shang-Liang Wu, Shun-Yao Ko, Chiang-Chin Tsai
The agony that accompanies the incidence and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) is an important concern in the oral and maxillofacial region. The objective of this study was to explore the clinical findings after centric relation occlusal splint (CROS) treatment and intra-articular injection treatment with liquid phase concentrated growth factors (LPCGFs) in patients with disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR).The group under investigation of this retrospective cohort study included patients with DDWOR who received treatment from April 2014 until March 2016...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268587/generation-of-3d-thermal-models-for-dentistry-applications
#3
Mauren Abreu de Souza, Andriy Guilherme Krefer, Gustavo Benvenutti Borba, Gustavo J Vizinoni E Silva, Ana Paula G O Franco, Humberto Remigio Gamba
There are a variety of medical imaging modalities available, although each modality focus into different aspects, for example: anatomical, physiological or geometrical information. This paper presents a new imaging modality (3D THERMO-SCAN) that combines anatomical computer tomography (CT) imaging slices, together with 2D infrared thermography images and 3D scanned shaped models of the area under study. Therefore, it is presented the 3D reconstructions involving a case study of a volunteer with bruxism. Some characteristics of bruxism are the hyperactivity of the chewing muscles, which changes the dynamics of microcirculation, also changing the correspondent skin's temperature...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257608/research-and-primary-evaluation-of-an-automatic-fusion-method-for-multi-source-tooth-crown-data
#4
Ning Dai, Dawei Li, Xu Yang, Cheng Cheng, Yuchun Sun
BACKGROUND: With the development of 3D scanning technologies in dentistry, high accuracy optical scanning data from the crown and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data from the root can be acquired easily. In many dental fields, especially in digital orthodontics, it is useful to fuse the data from the crown and the root. However, the manual fusion method is complex and difficult. A novel automatic fusion method for two-source data from the crown and the root was researched and its accuracy was evaluated in this study...
March 3, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253183/anatomy-of-an-occlusal-splint
#5
Danny K Crout
Occlusal splints, also known as bite guards, oral orthotics, and oral appliances, are utilized frequently in dental practices. They are commonly used to relax jaw muscles, prevent temporomandibular jaw trauma, protect dentition, and control headaches. How well occlusal splints work is another matter. Numerous studies, when taken as a whole, suggest only a modest indication that they are useful. This review applies principles of neurophysiology to analyze the usefulness of several types of occlusal splint in relation to their design and function...
March 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248616/precision-of-le-fort-i-osteotomy-planning-versus-outcome-a-multi-centre-retrospective-study
#6
Stefan Abela, David Tewson, Sharon Prince, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Le Fort I surgery by comparing planned surgical movements with actual outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A minimum number of seven consecutive cases that had undergone a Le Fort I osteotomy procedure alone or in combination with a mandibular osteotomy from six different hospital units in the East of England between 2009 and 2010 were identified. A total of 56 cases met the inclusion criteria where surgical splints were used and model surgery had been performed...
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238557/evaluation-of-the-role-of-splint-therapy-in-the-treatment-of%C3%A2-temporomandibular-joint-pain-on-the-basis-of-mri-evidence%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-altered-disc-position
#7
Yoko Hasegawa, Naoya Kakimoto, Seiki Tomita, Masanori Fujiwara, Reichi Ishikura, Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Kosuke Honda
OBJECTIVE: To clarify whether altering temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condyle and disc positions by occlusal splint (splint) therapy relieves TMJ pain and to determine whether splint therapy facilitates improvement of the ranges of condyle and articular disc motions. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 150 joints of 75 patients admitted with TMJ pain/discomfort were evaluated. A visual analog scale for TMJ pain was administered during visits following the start of splint treatment...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226765/generation-of-3d-thermal-models-for-dentistry-applications
#8
Mauren Abreu de Souza, Andriy Guilherme Krefer, Gustavo Benvenutti Borba, Gustavo J Vizinoni E Silva, Ana Paula G O Franco, Humberto Remigio Gamba, Mauren Abreu de Souza, Andriy Guilherme Krefer, Gustavo Benvenutti Borba, Gustavo J Vizinoni E Silva, Ana Paula G O Franco, Humberto Remigio Gamba, Gustavo Benvenutti Borba, Andriy Guilherme Krefer, Ana Paula G O Franco, Mauren Abreu de Souza, Humberto Remigio Gamba, Gustavo J Vizinoni E Silva
There are a variety of medical imaging modalities available, although each modality focus into different aspects, for example: anatomical, physiological or geometrical information. This paper presents a new imaging modality (3D THERMO-SCAN) that combines anatomical computer tomography (CT) imaging slices, together with 2D infrared thermography images and 3D scanned shaped models of the area under study. Therefore, it is presented the 3D reconstructions involving a case study of a volunteer with bruxism. Some characteristics of bruxism are the hyperactivity of the chewing muscles, which changes the dynamics of microcirculation, also changing the correspondent skin's temperature...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198442/a-novel-augmented-reality-system-for-displaying-inferior-alveolar-nerve-bundles-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#9
Ming Zhu, Fei Liu, Gang Chai, Jun J Pan, Taoran Jiang, Li Lin, Yu Xin, Yan Zhang, Qingfeng Li
Augmented reality systems can combine virtual images with a real environment to ensure accurate surgery with lower risk. This study aimed to develop a novel registration and tracking technique to establish a navigation system based on augmented reality for maxillofacial surgery. Specifically, a virtual image is reconstructed from CT data using 3D software. The real environment is tracked by the augmented reality (AR) software. The novel registration strategy that we created uses an occlusal splint compounded with a fiducial marker (OSM) to establish a relationship between the virtual image and the real object...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194343/the-effect-of-a-condylar-repositioning-plate-on-condylar-position-and-relapse-in-two-jaw-surgery
#10
Gyu Sik Jung, Taek Kyun Kim, Jeong Woo Lee, Jung Dug Yang, Ho Yun Chung, Byung Chae Cho, Kang Young Choi
BACKGROUND: Numerous condylar repositioning methods have been reported. However, most of them are 2-dimensional or are complex procedures that require a longer operation time and a highly trained surgeon. This study aims to introduce a new technique using a condylar repositioning plate and a centric relation splint to achieve a centric relationship. METHODS: We evaluated 387 patients who had undergone surgery for skeletal jaw deformities. During the operation, a centric relation splint, intermediate splint, final centric occlusion splint, and condylar repositioning plate along with an L-type mini-plate for LeFort I osteotomy or a bicortical screw for bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy were utilized for rigid fixation...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183288/towards-an-optimal-therapy-strategy-for-myogenous-tmd-physiotherapy-compared-with-occlusal-splint-therapy-in-an-rct-with-therapy-and-patient-specific-treatment-durations
#11
Robert J van Grootel, Rob Buchner, Daniël Wismeijer, Hilbert W van der Glas
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) may be characterized by pain and restricted jaw movements. In the absence of somatic factors in the temporomandibular joint, mainly myogenous, psychobiological, and psychosocial factors may be involved in the aetiology of myogenous TMD. An occlusal appliance (splint) is commonly used as a basic therapy of the dental practice. Alternatively, a type of physiotherapy which includes, apart from massage of sore muscles, aspects of cognitive-behavioural therapy might be a basic therapy for myogenous TMD...
February 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166255/occlusal-stabilization-splint-for-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-meta-analysis-of-short-and-long-term-effects
#12
Jovana Kuzmanovic Pficer, Slobodan Dodic, Vojkan Lazic, Goran Trajkovic, Natasa Milic, Biljana Milicic
BACKGROUND: Psychological discomfort, physical disability and functional limitations of the orofacial system have a major impact on everyday life of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). In this study we sought to determine short and long term effects of stabilization splint (SS) in treatment of TMDs, and to identify factors influencing its efficacy. METHODS: MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SS to: non-occluding splint, occlusal oral appliances, physiotherapy, behavioral therapy, counseling and no treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157490/effect-of-flat-plane-splint-vertical-thickness-on-disc-displacement-without-reduction-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study
#13
Shang-Lun Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Shun-Yao Ko, Ching-Yu Yen, Jung-Wu Yang
PURPOSE: The efficacy of occlusal splints for treating temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of flat-plane splints (FPSs) with a vertical thickness of 3 mm (VT3) and 5 mm (VT5) in treating disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective matched-cohort study selected the study participants from 400 TMD patients treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Tainan Sin-Lau Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan, between August 2013 and July 2015...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116429/-mandibular-manipulation-technique-followed-by-exercise-therapy-and-occlusal-splint-for-treatment-of-acute-anterior-tmj-disk-displacement-without-reduction
#14
Xin Jiang, Shuai Fan, Bin Cai, Zhong-Yi Fang, Li-Li Xu, Li-Kun Liu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term efficiency of mandibular manipulation technique combined with exercise therapy and splint treatment of acute anterior TMJ disc displacement without reduction (ADDW), and TMJ disc-condyle relationship by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Forty-four patients (37 females, 7 males) were diagnosed as acute ADDW and confirmed by MRI. All patients underwent mandibular manipulation, combined with exercise therapy, including jaw movement exercise, stabilization exercise, disc reposition exercise, and splint treatment...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109797/evaluation-of-sleep-bruxism-with-a-novel-designed-occlusal-splint
#15
Kentaro Hirai, Tomoko Ikawa, Yuko Shigeta, Shuji Shigemoto, Takumi Ogawa
PURPOSE: This report presents our evaluation system that assesses sleep bruxism. The characteristics and fabrication process of our novel designed splint, and the analysis process of our system are presented. METHODS: The subjects were 17 volunteers. The splint was fabricated with a self-curing resin compounded with an amino-acid powder for easy wear on the semi-adjustable articulator, and adjusted for a full-balanced occlusion. An impression of the splint, located on the cast, was taken before and after it was worn...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050317/association-between-dental-implants-in-the-posterior-region-and-traumatic-occlusion-in-the-adjacent-premolars-a-long-term-follow-up-clinical-and-radiographic-analysis
#16
Jae-Hong Lee, Helen Hye-In Kweon, Seong-Ho Choi, Young-Taek Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the association between dental implants in the posterior region and traumatic occlusion in the adjacent premolars, using data collected during from 2002 to 2015. METHODS: Traumatic occlusion in the adjacent premolars was assessed by examining clinical parameters (bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth, fremitus, and tooth mobility) and radiographic parameters (loss of supporting bone and widening of the periodontal ligament space) over a mean follow-up of 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043747/osteoblastoma-of-the-temporal-articular-tubercle-misdiagnosed-as%C3%A2-a-temporomandibular-joint-disorder
#17
J Emanuelsson, C M Allen, K Rydin, M Sjöström
The case of a 17-year-old female with a benign osteoblastoma in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is reported. The patient had a 2.5-year history of reduced mouth opening accompanied by tenderness and swelling in the left TMJ. Initial treatment included stabilization of the occlusion with a splint, jaw exercises, and analgesics. At first the patient's symptoms decreased, but they then increased 18 months later, prompting a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) evaluation of the joint. The radiographic findings showed a somewhat ill-defined, radiolucent, expansile lesion containing small scattered calcifications located in the temporal articular tubercle...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008431/3d-printed-orthodontic-brackets-proof-of-concept
#18
Karl-Friedrich Krey, Nawras Darkazanly, Rolf Kühnert, Sebastian Ruge
Today, orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances is usually carried out using preprogrammed straight-wire brackets made of metal or ceramics. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of clinically implementing a fully digital workflow with individually designed and three-dimensionally printed (3D-printed) brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Edgewise brackets were designed using computer-aided design (CAD) software for demonstration purposes...
2016: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965530/the-effect-of-physical-therapy-treatment-in-patients-with-subjective-tinnitus-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sarah Michiels, Sebastiaan Naessens, Paul Van de Heyning, Marc Braem, Corine M Visscher, Annick Gilles, Willem De Hertogh
Background: Tinnitus is a very common symptom that often causes distress and decreases the patient's quality of life. Apart from the well-known causes, tinnitus can in some cases be elicited by dysfunctions of the cervical spine or the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). To date however, it is unclear whether alleviation of these dysfunctions, by physical therapy treatment, also decreases the tinnitus complaints. Such physical therapy could be an interesting treatment option for patients that are now often left without treatment...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938659/-the-long-face-syndrome
#20
Federico Hernández-Alfaro
INTRODUCTION: Since the beginning of cephalometric analysis, a significant number of approaches to vertical facial proportions have been proposed. In our view, diagnosing a vertical problem has nothing to do with numbers or measurements. It's all about perceptions and - rather subjective - impressions. An "impression" of long face may be provoked by the following causes isolated or combined: vertical maxillary hyperplasia, open bite, anterior vertical mandibular hyperplasia, narrow face, lack of chin-neck definition...
December 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
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