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laser resurfacing

Venkataram Mysore, Omprakash H Mahadevappa, Shyamanta Barua, Imran Majid, Vishalakshi Viswanath, Ramesh M Bhat, Suresh Talwar, Salim Thurakkal, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Manas Chatterjee, Anil Ganjoo
Background: Currently, the standard protocol regarding the performance of procedures on patients receiving or having recently received isotretinoin (13- cis -retinoic acid) states that the procedures should not be performed. The recommendations in standard books and drug insert require discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. These recommendations have been followed for over two decades despite little evidence for the stated increased risk of scarring...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
D Quarato, M Pascali, F Carinci
Scars are a very common condition of the general population and can have a profound impact on the psyche of the patient such as low self-esteem and feelings of psychosocial isolation. Various therapeutic approaches have been proposed for improving the clinical appearance of scars. Fractional mode of ablative and non-ablative lasers has become a novel strategy for the treatment of scars. A total of 43 patients (Fitzpatrick skin type II to IV), clinically diagnosed of surgical and post-traumatic scars from January 2015 to December 2016, were treated...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Suparuj Lueangarun, Therdpong Tempark
Proven as effective acne scar treatment, ablative fractional carbon dioxide (AFCO 2 ) laser requires post-laser wound healing care. MAS063DP is a multicomponent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory moisturizer for effective post-laser treatment. This study compares the efficacy of MAS063DP and 0.02% triamcinolone acetonide (TA) lotion for post-laser wound healing and complications. A split-face, triple-blinded, clinical study was performed in 16 patients, aged 20-50 years, receiving AFCO 2 on both sides of the face, with MAS063DP on one side and 0...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Douglas C Wu, Mitchel P Goldman
Background: Fractionated, ablative lasers are usually associated with post-treatment erythema, edema, and crusting, which can last from 5 to 14 days. Conjugated linolenic acid, an omega-5 fatty acid, has significant antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and has been shown to stimulate keratinocyte proliferation and epidermal regeneration. By modulating the early inflammatory milieu and directly affecting skin structure and function, conjugated linolenic acid might therefore shorten downtime following fractionated ablative laser resurfacing of the face...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Lymaries Velez, Jennifer Harb, Stephanie Anuszewski, Stanton Wesson
Tattoo popularity continues to rise, with 3 in 10 Americans bearing at least one. Among tattoo complications, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has emerged as a global public health concern. NTM infections associated with tattooing of immunocompetent individuals have occurred as sporadic cases and community outbreaks. Water sources are considered the major pathogenic reservoirs. Tattoo-related inoculation has been linked to contamination of ink, either during the manufacturing process or during dilution of black ink using non-sterile water...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Vic A Narurkar, Tina S Alster, Eric F Bernstein, Tina J Lin, Anya Loncaric
<p>BACKGROUND: Fractional photothermolysis (FP) is a popular treatment option for photodamaged skin and addresses shortcomings of ablative skin resurfacing and nonablative dermal remodeling. Previous studies have demonstrated that FP using the 1550nm wavelength has led to improvement of ultrastructural changes and clinical effects associated with photodamaged skin in the deeper dermal structures, while treatment with the 1927nm wavelength has shown clinical effects in the superficial dermis. Both wavelengths produce precise microscopic treatment zones (MTZs) in the skin...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Yaqin Xu, Yunhua Deng
Ablative fractional carbon dioxide laser resurfacing is a well-established treatment for acne scars. However, there are limited consensus and guidelines regarding the procedure, such as its treatment plan, efficacy, and safety. In this study, we performed a systematic review to assess the efficacy and safety of the fractional carbon dioxide laser treatment procedure, and to provide evidence-based recommendations concerning its practical use on atrophic acne scars. A comprehensive search was performed in, EMBASE, Ovid, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases, using the keywords "scar(s)," "acne vulgaris," "carbon dioxide," and "fraction* laser(s)" for the period from January 1987 to December 2016...
January 5, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Margit L W Juhász, Melissa Kanchanapoomi Levin, Ellen S Marmur
Recall erythema is a phenomenon occurring when an area of epidermis treated with laser is later exposed to a trigger, most often sunlight or hot water, causing erythema in the zone of laser treatment after post-treatment erythema has already resolved. Radiation recall dermatitis is a more specific subtype of recall erythema in which an area treated with radiation is subjected to another exposure causing erythema in the area of previous radiation. Cases of recall dermatitis after laser treatment are extremely rare and have only been reported with diode neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet lasers...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Dan Li, Shi-Bin Lin, Biao Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Laser skin resurfacing (LSR) has been used for facial rejuvenation for the last 20 years. Posttreatment care after LSR is essential to decrease the risk of complications. Currently, no unified standards or criteria exist for invasive LSR posttreatment care. We aimed to identify the optimal wound care timing and choice of specific local, systemic, and general medical measures required to decrease complications. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE electronic databases and included only articles written and published in the English language, with no restrictions on the publication time (year)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Elisabeth Hurliman, Brian Zelickson, Jeffrey Kenkel
<p>BACKGROUND: Fractional ablative lasers have been shown to be safe and effective for improving wrinkles, scars, skin texture, and dyspigmentation. However, the exact effects of this technology in vivo on epidermal and dermal skin constituents have not been delineated. This study evaluated the in vivo histological effects over time of treatment with a fractional ablative CO2 system, using different treatment parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy adult volunteers were enrolled in this multicenter clinical study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Adam Baumgarten, Juan Chipollini, Sylvia Yan, Sarah R Ottenhof, Dominic H Tang, Désirée Draeger, Chris Protzel, Yao Zhu, Ding-Wei Ye, Oliver W Hakenberg, Simon Horenblas, Nicholas A Watkin, Philippe E Spiess
PURPOSE: To evaluate recurrence outcomes of penile sparing surgery (PSS) in the largest multicenter cohort of patients to date. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients treated with PSS from May 1990 to July 2016 at five tertiary referral institutions. Treatments consisted of circumcision, wide local excision, laser therapy with or without local excision, partial or total glansectomy, and glans resurfacing. Primary endpoint was local recurrence free survival (LRFS) and defined from initial treatment to time of local recurrence and estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
R Thiesmann
Blepharoplasty is one of the most frequently performed plastic cosmetic interventions. For this purpose the CO2 laser is an instrument that can be used as a laser scalpel to cut as well as in its ablative function to remove skin irregularities, such as scars and tumors and also to treat changes of the skin due to aging. Fractionated laser irradiation reduces the duration of skin redness and the postoperative rehabilitation time after a resurfacing. The advantages of the CO2 laser are a gentle intraoperative preparation and less postoperative swelling due to an additional cauterization of blood vessels...
November 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Grégoire B Morand, Karma Lambercy, Pierre Guilcher, Kishore B Sandu
IMPORTANCE: Oesophageal inlet stenosis can promote dysphagia and aspiration. We report the cases of syndromic children with congenital pharyngeal webs successfully treated with endoscopic CO2 laser. OBSERVATIONS: Pharyngeal webs were excised with CO2 laser (Ultrapulse mode) and resurfaced using mucosal advancement flaps to avoid restenosis and/or formation of secondary synechia. This led to a significant enlargement of the oesophageal inlet, which was documented immediately postoperatively and the clinical improvement of dysphagia and decreased aspiration persisted at distant follow-up...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ronald L Moy, Lauren Moy
BACKGROUND: Patients who are aging, with weight gain, and increased skin laxity, request dermatologists to improve their neck area. Surgical and nonsurgical options are reviewed as well as benefits and side effects. This article will focus on how surgical techniques can be applied for male patients in particular. OBJECTIVE: To review surgical neck rejuvenation therapies available currently to find the best option for male patients. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of the male neck to improve mandibular contour and loose neck skin requires tightening of the platysmal muscle and usually skin removal in the postauricular sulcus and into the hairline...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
James Keitley, Liezel Griffin, Luisa Motta, Janice Ferguson, Helen Young
We describe a case of disfiguring facial pyoderma vegetans in order to highlight the challenges in managing this rare skin condition and review the literature.A 54-year-old woman presented to dermatology clinic with a 3-month history of a left-sided facial lesion, which had been treated as an infected sebaceous cyst. The lesion had dramatically increased in size in the weeks prior to presentation. There was a history of Crohn's disease and ileal adenocarcinoma, both of which were in remission. A clinical diagnosis of pyoderma vegetans was made and the patient responded well to immunosuppressive therapy with oral ciclosporin...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Shivani B Kaushik, Andrew F Alexis
Background: Nonablative laser resurfacing represents one of the major advances in procedural dermatology over the past decade. However, its use in darker skin types is limited by safety concerns and a relative lack of available data. Aim: To provide evidence-based recommendations for the use of fractional lasers in darker skin types. Evidence review: A broad literature search of PubMed/Medline database was conducted in April 2016 using the term fractional lasers. A free text search of keywords including fractional resurfacing, nonablative lasers, skin type, skin of color, ethnic skin, Fitzpatrick skin type, Asian skin, African Americans, Afro-Caribbean, and Hispanics was also executed...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Andrew C Krakowski, David M Ozog, David Ginsberg, Carol Cheng, Marsha L Chaffins
Importance: Current models of Goltz syndrome cannot estimate the overall neocollagenesis and marked shift in collagen types after ablative fractional laser resurfacing (AFR) within treated areas of focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH). Objectives: To clinically improve FDH by using AFR to characterize the specific ratio of collagen types associated with observed clinical changes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case report of a girl with Goltz syndrome used extensive laboratory evaluation and multiple observers blinded to the patient's clinical status...
September 20, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
Juan Chipollini, Sylvia Yan, Sarah R Ottenhof, Yao Zhu, Désirée Draeger, Adam S Baumgarten, Dominic H Tang, Chris Protzel, Ding-Wei Ye, Oliver W Hakenberg, Simon Horenblas, Nicholas A Watkin, Philippe E Spiess
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate recurrence after penile-sparing surgery (PSS) in the management of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the penis in a large multicentre cohort of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified consecutive patients from five major academic centres, treated between June 1986 and November 2014, who underwent PSS for pathologically proven penile CIS. The primary outcome was local recurrence-free survival (RFS), which was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
October 3, 2017: BJU International
Ashley Regis, Jennifer MacGregor, Anne Chapas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Kian Karimi, Alexandra Reivitis
Traditional rejuvenation techniques include chemical peels, rhytidectomy of the skin, laser resurfacing, injection of dermal fillers and neurotoxins, and invasive surgical procedures. Patients with brow ptosis, jowl formation, and deepening nasolabial folds currently seek antiaging procedures with no incisions and minimal downtime such as thread-lifting with barbed sutures. The present report describes a case in which polydioxanone threads were used to lift the lower third of a patient's face. Fillers were used to supplement the results achieved by the thread lift because often, when tissue has been lifted, volume deficits are revealed, which can be corrected with dermal fillers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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