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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149190/improved-capture-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-a-trap-baited-with-two-attractants-in-the-same-device
#1
Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149141/music-induced-analgesia-in-chronic-pain-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Eduardo A Garza-Villarreal, Victor Pando, Peter Vuust, Christine Parsons
BACKGROUND: Music is increasingly used as an adjuvant for the management of chronic pain (CP), as it is non-invasive, inexpensive, and patients usually report positive experiences with it. However, little is known about its clinical efficacy in chronic pain patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of music as an adjuvant for chronic pain, as well as to identify characteristics of music interventions associated with positive clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of adult patients that reported any type of music intervention for chronic pain, chosen by the researcher or patient, lasting for any duration...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149011/quality-a-bridge-from-guidelines-to-practice
#3
Daniela Nasu Monteiro Medeiros, Cristiane Freitas Pizarro, Marta Pessoa Cardoso, Audrey Rie Ogawa Shibata, Eduardo Juan Troster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149009/first-recognition-then-education
#4
Daniela Nasu Monteiro Medeiros, Cristiane Freitas Pizarro, Marta Pessoa Cardoso, Audrey Rie Ogawa Shibata, Eduardo Juan Troster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148904/randomized-controlled-study-comparing-2-surgical-techniques-for-decompressive-craniectomy-with-watertight-duraplasty-and-without-watertight-duraplasty
#5
Eduardo Vieira, Thiago C Guimarães, Igor V Faquini, Jose L Silva, Tammy Saboia, Rodrigo V C L Andrade, Thaís L Gemir, Valesca C Neri, Nivaldo S Almeida, Hildo R C Azevedo-Filho
OBJECTIVE Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a widely used procedure in neurosurgery; however, few studies focus on the best surgical technique for the procedure. The authors' objective was to conduct a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing 2 techniques for performing DC: with watertight duraplasty and without watertight duraplasty (rapid-closure DC). METHODS The study population comprised patients ranging in age from 18 to 60 years who were admitted to the Neurotrauma Service of the Hospital da Restauração with a clinical indication for unilateral decompressive craniectomy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148803/hsdhodh-microdomain-membrane-interactions-are-influenced-by-the-lipid-composition
#6
Eduardo Festozo Vicente, Indra Dev Sahu, Edson Crusca, Luis Guilherme Mansor Basso, Claudia Elisabeth Munte, Antonio Jose Costa-Filho, Gary A Lorigan, Eduardo Maffud Maffud Cilli
Human dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (HsDHODH) enzyme has been studied as selective target for inhibitors to block the enzyme activity, intending to prevent proliferative diseases. The N-terminal microdomain seems to play an important role in the enzyme function. However, the molecular mechanism of action and dynamics of this region are not totally understood yet. This study analyzes the interaction and conformation in model membranes of HsDHODH microdomain using peptide analogues containing the paramagnetic amino acid TOAC at strategic positions...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148385/tool-for-eliminating-dog-mediated-human-rabies-through-mass-dog-vaccination-campaigns
#7
Eduardo A Undurraga, Jesse D Blanton, S M Thumbi, Athman Mwatondo, Mathew Muturi, Ryan M Wallace
The World Health Organization and collaborating agencies have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies by 2030. Building on experience with rabies endemic countries, we constructed a user-friendly tool to help public health officials plan the resources needed to achieve this goal through mass vaccination of dogs.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148285/characterization-of-heat-diffusion-properties-of-rubberized-two-layer-systems-using-open-photoacoustic-cell-spectroscopy
#8
Thiago V Moreno, Nilson E Souza Filho, Andressa Novatski, Luis C Malacarne, Gustavo S Dias, Eduardo A Volnistem, Nelson G C Astrath
We applied the open photoacoustic cell method operating at high frequency as an efficient and highly precise tool for the measurement of thermal properties of rubberized two-layer systems. The heat-coupling between the two layers is treated using the analogy between thermal and electrical resistances widely used in heat transfer problems. The thermal resistance between the two layers is considered effective and the problem is decoupled for each layer. Measurements are performed in two-layer samples of aluminum foil coated with layers of rubberized paint with different thicknesses...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148255/heart-transplantation-and-left-ventricular-assist-systems-not-too-early-not-too-late
#9
EDITORIAL
Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Eduardo Barge-Caballero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148238/use-of-resin-based-provisional-material-to-create-the-posterior-palatal-seal-in-complete-denture-definitive-impressions
#10
Victor Eduardo de Souza Batista, Aljomar José Vechiato-Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer, Fellippo Ramos Verri
The purpose of this article was to present an alternative procedure using resin-based provisional material to create the posterior palatal seal (PPS). This method offers more practicality in clinical routine and increased control for addition of material to create the PPS when compared to traditional techniques such as the use of impression wax.
November 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148139/nitroglycerin-an-unusual-solution-to-intraoperative-hypothermia-in-a-4-year-old-burn-patient
#11
Eduardo J Goenaga Díaz, Jeffrey E Carter, T Wesley Templeton
We describe the case of a 4-year-old child undergoing extensive burn surgery with refractory intraoperative hypothermia. A low-dose nitroglycerin infusion was initiated to reverse vasoconstriction and improve heat absorption, after which the child's temperature steadily improved. In hypothermic burn patients, topical vasoconstrictors may hinder surface warming efforts. A vasodilator infusion may aid in warming the pediatric patient undergoing extensive excision and grafting.
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147981/low-atrazine-dosages-reduce-sperm-quality-of-calomys-laucha-mice
#12
Graciela Quintana Saalfeld, Antônio Sergio Varela Junior, Tiane Castro, Fernanda Alves Pereira, Stela Mari Meneghello Gheller, Alessandra Cardoso da Silva, Carine Dahl Corcini, Carlos Eduardo da Rosa, Elton Pinto Colares
Reproductive effects caused by the exposure to environmentally relevant dosages of atrazine on wild animals are poorly understood. This study evaluated the effects of three dosages of atrazine on sperm parameters of adult Calomys laucha males. Adult mice were orally exposed to dosages of 0 (water and vehicle control), 0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg of animal weight for a 21-day period. Following exposure, analyses were performed to determine sperm motility parameters, plasma membrane integrity and fluidity, mitochondrial functionality, acrosome integrity, DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the sperm samples...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147789/erythrocyte-nuclear-abnormalities-in-astyanax-lacustris-in-response-to-landscape-characteristics-in-two-neotropical-streams
#13
Lucilene Finoto Viana, Yzel Rondon Súarez, Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso, Julio César Jut Solórzano, Bruno do Amaral Crispim, Alexeia Barufatti Grisolia, Sidnei Eduardo Lima-Junior
The objective of this research was to evaluate land use and occupation in the landscape surrounding two neotropical streams of the Upper Paraná River in Brazil and to investigate if the water from these streams induces erythrocyte nuclear abnormalities in Astyanax lacustris. We observed that the areas surrounding the streams are predominantly used for agricultural purposes (73.46% of the total area), followed by buildings (15.21%). Only 8.78% of the area consisted of forest fragments. We observed higher frequencies of micronuclei in erythrocytes of A...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147660/analytical-validation-of-a-new-enzymatic-and-automatable-method-for-d-xylose-measurement-in-human-urine-samples
#14
Israel Sánchez-Moreno, Carmen Monsalve-Hernando, Ana Godino, Luis Illa, María Jesús Gaspar, Guillermo Manuel Muñoz, Ana Díaz, José Luis Martín, Eduardo García-Junceda, Alfonso Fernández-Mayoralas, Carmen Hermida
Hypolactasia, or intestinal lactase deficiency, affects more than half of the world population. Currently, xylose quantification in urine after gaxilose oral administration for the noninvasive diagnosis of hypolactasia is performed with the hand-operated nonautomatable phloroglucinol reaction. This work demonstrates that a new enzymatic xylose quantification method, based on the activity of xylose dehydrogenase from Caulobacter crescentus, represents an excellent alternative to the manual phloroglucinol reaction...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147077/application-of-breast-ultrasound-elastography-to-differentiate-intracapsular-collection-from-silicone-induced-granuloma-of-breast-implant-capsule-complementarily-to-contrast-enhanced-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Eduardo de Faria Castro Fleury, Ana Claudia Gianini, Veronica Ayres, Luciana C Ramalho, Decio Roveda, Vilmar Marques de Oliveira
Background: To determine whether there is correlation between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and breast elastography to differentiate seroma/hematoma from silicone-induced granuloma of breast implant capsule (SIGBIC). Methods: Prospective study of 99 patients with breast implants submitted to breast MRI during the period from February 1 to May 1, 2017. Patients who present MRI findings of seroma/hematoma or SIGBIC were submitted to a complementary ultrasound elastography study to evaluate the correlation of the results...
2017: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146864/acute-hypoxia-reoxygenation-and-vascular-oxygen-sensing-in-the-chicken-embryo
#16
Riazuddin Mohammed, Carlos E Salinas, Dino A Giussani, Carlos E Blanco, Angel L Cogolludo, Eduardo Villamor
Fetal/perinatal hypoxia is one of the most common causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality and is frequently accompannied by vascular dysfunction. However, the mechanisms involved have not been fully delineated. We hypothesized that exposure to acute hypoxia-reoxygenation induces alterations in vascular O2 sensing/signaling as well as in endothelial function in the chicken embryo pulmonary artery (PA), mesenteric artery (MA), femoral artery (FA), and ductus arteriosus (DA). Noninternally pipped 19-day embryos were exposed to 10% O2 for 30 min followed by reoxygenation with 21% O2 or 80% O2 Another group was constantly maintained at 21% O2 or at 21% O2 for 30 min and then exposed to 80% O2 Following treatment, responses of isolated blood vessels to hypoxia as well as endothelium-dependent (acetylcholine) and -independent (sodium nitroprusside and forskolin) relaxation were investigated in a wire myograph...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146761/comparison-among-adjuvant-treatments-for-primary-pterygium-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
Ellen Carrara Fonseca, Eduardo Melani Rocha, Gustavo Viani Arruda
PURPOSE: Pterygium is a frequent ocular disease, where the major challenge is the high level of recurrence after its surgical removal. We performed a network meta-analysis to identify, among several adjuvant treatments for primary pterygium, which is the best to prevent recurrence. METHODS: A search was conducted using PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Latin American and Caribbean Centre on Health Sciences and Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register between 1993 and 2015 for randomisedclinical trials (RCTs) comparing adjuvant treatments following primary pterygium surgery...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146332/micro-oxygenation-does-not-eliminate-hydrogen-sulfide-and-mercaptans-from-wine-it-simply-shifts-redox-and-complex-related-equilibria-to-reversible-oxidized-species-and-complexed-forms
#18
Eduardo Vela, Purificación Hernandez-Orte, Ernesto Franco-Luesma, Vicente Ferreira
This work seeks to assess the effects of micro-oxygenation (MOX) on the present and potential levels of Volatile Sulfur Compounds (VSCs) of wine. With such purpose, three red wines with a tendency to develop sulfury off-odors were subjected to three different MOX conditions (4.4-20mg/L delivered at 0.05 or 0.2mg/L/day). Samples were further subjected to Accelerated Reductive aging (AR) and analyzed for free and Brine Releasable (BR) VSCs and redox potential. Although MOX induced strong decreases in the levels of all free VSCs, hardly affected the ability of the wine to release back hydrogen sulfide and other mercaptans during AR-aging...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145529/volumetric-bone-measurement-around-dental-implants-using-3d-image-superimposition-a-methodological-and-clinical-pilot-study
#19
Eduardo Aydos Villarinho, André Correia, Alvaro Vigo, Nuno Viriato Ramos, Mário Augusto Pires Vaz, Rosemary Sadami Arai Shinkai
PURPOSE: This study describes the development of a methodology for using three-dimensional (3D) image superimposition to measure volumetric changes in bone level around dental implants in comparison with linear measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was comprised of 46 dental implants of 6-mm length and 4.1-mm diameter placed in the posterior maxilla and posterior mandible in 20 patients. All implants received screw-retained single crowns. Radiographic images were taken using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and digital periapical radiography after implantation and after 12 and 24 months of functional loading (after crown installation)...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145496/insights-into-soybean-transcriptome-reconfiguration-under-hypoxic-stress-functional-regulatory-structural-and-compositional-characterization
#20
Thiago J Nakayama, Fabiana A Rodrigues, Norman Neumaier, Juliana Marcolino-Gomes, Hugo B C Molinari, Thaís R Santiago, Eduardo F Formighieri, Marcos F Basso, José R B Farias, Beatriz M Emygdio, Ana C B de Oliveira, Ângela D Campos, Aluízio Borém, Frank G Harmon, Liliane M Mertz-Henning, Alexandre L Nepomuceno
Soybean (Glycine max) is one of the major crops worldwide and flooding stress affects the production and expansion of cultivated areas. Oxygen is essential for mitochondrial aerobic respiration to supply the energy demand of plant cells. Because oxygen diffusion in water is 10,000 times lower than in air, partial (hypoxic) or total (anoxic) oxygen deficiency is important component of flooding. Even when oxygen is externally available, oxygen deficiency frequently occurs in bulky, dense or metabolically active tissues such as phloem, meristems, seeds, and fruits...
2017: PloS One
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