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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918605/food-or-threat-wild-capuchin-monkeys-sapajus-libidinosus-as-both-predators-and-prey-of-snakes
#1
Tiago Falótico, Michele P Verderane, Olívia Mendonça-Furtado, Noemi Spagnoletti, Eduardo B Ottoni, Elisabetta Visalberghi, Patrícia Izar
Snakes present a hazard to primates, both as active predators and by defensive envenomation. This risk might have been a selective pressure on the evolution of primate visual and cognitive systems, leading to several behavioral traits present in human and non-human primates, such as the ability to quickly learn to fear snakes. Primates seldom prey on snakes, and humans are one of the few primate species that do. We report here another case, the wild capuchin monkey (Sapajus libidinosus), which preys on snakes...
September 16, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918581/concurrent-improvement-in-both-binge-eating-and-depressive-symptoms-with-naltrexone-bupropion-therapy-in-overweight-or-obese-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-an-open-label-uncontrolled-study
#2
Anna I Guerdjikova, Brandon Walsh, Kevin Shan, Amy E Halseth, Eduardo Dunayevich, Susan L McElroy
INTRODUCTION: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with obesity and major depressive disorder (MDD). Naltrexone extended-release (ER)/bupropion ER (NB) is approved as an adjunct to diet and physical activity for chronic weight management. In a prospectively designed 24-week open-label, single-arm, single-site trial of 25 women with MDD and overweight/obesity, NB reduced weight and depressive symptoms. METHODS: This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between change in self-reported binge eating behavior (evaluated with the Binge Eating Scale [BES]) and changes in weight, control of eating, and depressive symptoms...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918569/highlights-from-the-ninth-international-symposium-of-thrombosis-and-anticoagulation-ista-ix-october-15-2016-salvador-bahia-brazil
#3
REVIEW
Renato D Lopes, Patricia O Guimarães, Elaine Hylek, Gilson S Feitosa-Filho, Luiz Ritt, Nivaldo Filgueiras, Eduardo Darzé, Mario S Rocha, Luis P Magalhães, Antonio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Luis Claudio Correia, Lucas Hollanda Oliveira, David A Garcia
To discuss and share knowledge about advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Ninth International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, on October 15, 2016. This scientific program was developed by clinicians for clinicians and was promoted by two major clinical research institutes-the Brazilian Clinical Research Institute and the Duke Clinical Research Institute of the Duke University School of Medicine. Comprising academic presentations and open discussion, the symposium had as its primary goal to educate, motivate, and inspire internists, cardiologists, hematologists, and other physicians by convening national and international visionaries, thought-leaders, and dedicated clinician-scientists...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918450/clinical-utility-of-the-asdas-index-in-comparison-with-basdai-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-axis-study
#4
Agustí Sellas I Fernandez, Xavier Juanola Roura, Alberto Alonso Ruiz, José Rosas, Julio Medina Luezas, Eduardo Collantes Estevez, Miguel Ángel Abad Hernández, Virginia Carrasco Benitez, Cesar Fisac
The objective of the study was to study the clinical utility of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) for the assessment of disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients, compared to the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Activity Index (BASDAI). This was a prospective longitudinal observational study in patients with AS (NY-modified criteria) from 23 Spanish centers. Physical and analytical data; global, lumbar, and nocturnal pain; ASDAS, BASDAI and minimally acceptable clinical status (PASS) were collected...
September 16, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918258/olfactory-function-in-an-excitotoxic-model-for-secondary-neuronal-degeneration-role-of-dopaminergic-interneurons
#5
Concepció Marin, Sara Laxe, Cristobal Langdon, Joan Berenguer, Eduardo Lehrer, Franklin Mariño-Sánchez, Isam Alobid, Montserrat Bernabeu, Joaquim Mullol
Secondary neuronal degeneration (SND) occurring in Traumatic brain injury (TBI) consists in downstream destructive events affecting cells that were not or only marginally affected by the initial wound, further increasing the effects of the primary injury. Glutamate excitotoxicity is hypothesized to play an important role in SND. TBI is a common cause of olfactory dysfunction that may be spontaneous and partially recovered. The role of the glutamate excitotoxicity in the TBI-induced olfactory dysfunction is still unknown...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917866/rapidly-growing-vegetables-as-new-sources-for-lignocellulose-nanofibre-isolation-physicochemical-thermal-and-rheological-characterisation
#6
Eduardo Espinosa, Rafael Sánchez, Zoilo González, Juan Domínguez-Robles, Begoña Ferrari, Alejandro Rodríguez
Rapidly growing vegetables could be an abundant and cheap sources of lignocellulose biomass for lignocellulose nanofibre (LCNF) production. The aim of this work is to study the feasibility of using Chamaecytisus proliferus and Leucaena leucocephala for LCNF isolation by mechanical, enzymatic and TEMPO-mediated oxidation pre-treatments. Characterisation of the nanofibres shows that there are significant differences in the production of LCNF depending on the raw material and pre-treatment used. XRD and FTIR analysis show that homogenisation has a strong negative effect on the crystallinity index; however, the higher lignin content of tagasaste (10%) protects the fibre, causing a smaller decrease in crystallinity...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917667/amyloid-%C3%AE-42-clearance-and-neuroprotection-mediated-by-x-box-binding-protein-1-signaling-decline-with-aging-in-the-drosophila-brain
#7
María S Marcora, Lautaro F Belfiori-Carrasco, Nadia I Bocai, Laura Morelli, Eduardo M Castaño
The unfolded protein response (UPR) may be pathogenically related to Alzheimer's disease. Yet, the effects of chronic amyloid-β42 (Aβ42) accumulation and UPR activation upon neurotoxicity remain unclear. Here, we show that neuronal Aβ42 expression in Drosophila activated the inositol-requiring protein-1/X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) UPR branch before the onset of behavioral impairment and persisted with aging. Early upregulation of hsc3/BiP, a target of XBP1 and activating transcription factor 6 pathways, was also sustained in old animals...
August 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917644/alpps-as-a-salvage-procedure-after-insufficient-future-liver-remnant-hypertrophy-following-portal-vein-occlusion
#8
Marcelo Enne, Erik Schadde, Bergthór Björnsson, Roberto Hernandez Alejandro, Klaus Steinbruck, Eduardo Viana, Ricardo Robles Campos, Massimo Malago, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Eduardo De Santibanes, Brice Gayet
BACKGROUND: A minimum future liver remnant (FLR) of 30% is required to avoid post hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). Portal vein occlusion (PVO) is the main strategy to induce hypertrophy of the FLR, but some patients will not reach sufficient FLR hypertrophy to enable resection. Recently ALPPS has emerged as a "Salvage Procedure" for PVO failure. The aim of this study was to report the short term outcomes of ALPPS following PVO failure. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients enrolled within the international ALPPS Registry between October 2012 and November 2015 (NCT01924741) was performed...
September 13, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917560/outcomes-of-rescue-cardiopulmonary-support-for-periprocedural-acute-hemodynamic-decompensation-in-patients-undergoing-catheter-ablation-of-electrical-storm
#9
Andres Enriquez, Jackson Liang, Javier Gentile, Robert Schaller, Gregory Supple, David S Frankel, Fermin Garcia, Joyce Wald, Edo Y Birati, J Eduardo Rame, Christian Bermudez, David Callans, Francis Marchlinski, Pasquale Santangeli
BACKGROUND: In patients with ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) electrical storm (ES) undergoing catheter ablation (CA), hypotension due to refractory VT/VF, use of anesthesia and cardiac stunning due to repeated ICD shocks might precipitate acute hemodynamic decompensation (AHD). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the outcomes of emergent cardiopulmonary support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to rescue AHD in patients undergoing CA of ES. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, 21 patients with ES (VT in 11 and PVC-triggered VF in 10) were referred for CA and had periprocedural AHD requiring emergent ECMO support...
September 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917180/learning-from-the-operation-pathology-and-maintenance-of-a-bioretention-system-to-optimize-urban-drainage-practices
#10
Marina Batalini de Macedo, Altair Rosa, César Ambrogi Ferreira do Lago, Eduardo Mario Mendiondo, Vladimir Caramori Borges de Souza
LID practices for runoff control are increasingly being used as an integrated solution in urban drainage, helping to achieve hydrological balance close to the pre-urbanized period and decrease the diffuse pollution transported to urban rivers. Regarding bioretention, there is already broad knowledge about the detention of peak flows and their treatment capacity for many pollutants. However, there are still few field studies in microdrainage scale, which analyze the actual operation of these devices and raise common problems found, especially in subtropical climate...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917137/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-in-the-analysis-of-prostate-cancer-determination-of-optimal-b-value-pair-to-differentiate-normal-from-malignant-tissue
#11
Nuno Adubeiro, Maria Luísa Nogueira, Rita G Nunes, Hugo Alexandre Ferreira, Eduardo Ribeiro, José Maria Ferreira La Fuente
PURPOSE: Determining optimal b-value pair for differentiation between normal and prostate cancer (PCa) tissues. METHODS: Forty-three patients with diagnosis or PCa symptoms were included. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was estimated using minimum and maximum b-values of 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 500s/mm2 and 500, 800, 1100, 1400, 1700 and 2000s/mm2, respectively. Diagnostic performances were evaluated when Area-under-the-curve (AUC)>95%. RESULTS: 15 of the 35 b-values pair surpassed this AUC threshold...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916888/hiv-testing-among-foreign-born-men-and-women-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Eduardo Valverde, Elizabeth DiNenno, Emeka Oraka, Gregory Bautista, Pollyanna Chavez
HIV disproportionately affects the foreign-born population in the United States. This analysis describes the prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals residing in the United States. Data from a national health survey of the civilian, non-institutionalized population was used to describe prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals by birth place. Multivariate logistic-regression procedures were used to determine factors associated with ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born men and women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916226/-accelerated-atrioventricular-junctional-rhythm
#13
Juan Ruiz-García, Luis Borrego-Bernabé, Irene Canal-Fontcuberta, Eduardo Alegría-Barrero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915892/modelling-the-impact-of-the-long-term-use-of-insecticide-treated-bed-nets-on-anopheles-mosquito-biting-time
#14
Claudia P Ferreira, Silas P Lyra, Franciane Azevedo, David Greenhalgh, Eduardo Massad
BACKGROUND: Evidence of changing in biting and resting behaviour of the main malaria vectors has been mounting up in recent years as a result of selective pressure by the widespread and long-term use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs), and indoor residual spraying. The impact of resistance behaviour on malaria intervention efficacy has important implications for the epidemiology and malaria control programmes. In this context, a theoretical framework is presented to understand the mechanisms determining the evolution of feeding behaviour under the pressure of use of ITNs...
September 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915875/plectranthus-amboinicus-essential-oil-and-carvacrol-bioactive-against-planktonic-and-biofilm-of-oxacillin-and-vancomycin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#15
Sara Edwirgens Costa Benício Vasconcelos, Hider Machado Melo, Theodora Thays Arruda Cavalcante, Francisco Eduardo Aragão Catunda Júnior, Mário Geraldo de Carvalho, Francisca Gleire Rodrigues Menezes, Oscarina Viana de Sousa, Renata Albuquerque Costa
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria is a worldwide concern and in order to find an alternative to this problem, the occurrence of antimicrobial compounds in Plectranthus amboinicus essential oil was investigated. Thus, this study aims to determine susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from food to antibiotics, P. amboinicus essential oil (PAEO) and carvacrol. METHODS: Leaves and stem of P. amboinicus were used for extraction of essential oil (PAEO) by hydrodistillation technique and EO chemical analysis was performed by gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer...
September 16, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915869/frequency-and-genotypes-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-patients-attending-the-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clinics-in-jalisco-mexico-and-correlation-with-sociodemographic-behavioral-and-biological-factors
#16
Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García, Elvira Garza-González
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes of C. trachomatis in patients attending an obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Jalisco, Mexico and correlates them with sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological factors. METHODS: C. trachomatis detection was performed in endocervical samples from 662 patients by direct fluorescence assay (DFA) and two PCR assays that amplified the phospholipase D endonuclease superfamily protein (PLDESP) and OmpA genes...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#17
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915449/increased-expression-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-placentas-from-pregnant-women-with-severe-preeclampsia
#18
Ingrid C Weel, Mariana Romão-Veiga, Mariana L Matias, Eduardo G Fioratti, Jose C Peraçoli, Vera T Borges, João P Araujo, Maria T Peraçoli
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder characterized by imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines associated with high plasma levels of uric acid and Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). The inflammasome is a protein complex that mediates innate immune responses via caspase-1 activation promoting secretion of IL-1β and IL-18 in their active forms, and also release of the high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1). As the placenta seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of PE, the present study investigated the expression of genes and proteins related to the inflammasome in placentas from pregnant women with severe preeclampsia...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915307/the-use-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-in-spinal-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-our-experience
#19
Eduardo Colom-Beauchamp, David Beaton-Comulada, Julio A Rodriguez, José C Pérez-López, José Montañez-Huertas, Enrique Escobar-Medina, José Massanet-Vollrath
OBJECTIVE: Since its introduction and FDA approval, rhBMP-2 has been adopted by spine surgeons as a substitute for ICBG in numerous spinal fusion techniques. As broad clinical use increased, reports on potential complications associated with rhBMP-2 also increased. We provide our experience with TLIF using rhBMP-2 or ICBG in an entirely Hispanic population. METHODS: This was a 2-year retrospective study of 67 patients, with 26 in the rhBMP-2 group and 41 in the ICBG group, who underwent TLIF...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915303/prevalence-of-functional-dentition-in-a-group-of-mexican-adult-males
#20
Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, Ana Alicia Vallejos-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, Gerardo Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of functional dentition and associated periodontal variables in a sample of Mexican adult males. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 161 policemen in Campeche, Mexico, was carried out. A clinical examination using an electronic probe was used to collect variables (dental plaque, periodontal pockets, gingival recession, suppuration, and bleeding on probing) on 6 periodontal sites (a maximum of 168 sites, excluding third molars)...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
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