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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783149/potential-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-quality-evaluation-of-cattle-leather
#1
Carlos Eduardo M Braz, Manuel Antonio C Jacinto, Edenir R Pereira-Filho, Gilberto B Souza, Ana Rita A Nogueira
Models using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were constructed based on physical-mechanical tests to determine the quality of cattle leather. The following official parameters were used, considering the industry requirements: tensile strength (TS), percentage elongation (%E), tear strength (TT), and double hole tear strength (DHS). Classification models were constructed with the use of k-nearest neighbor (kNN), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782591/erratum-colonic-stent-versus-emergency-surgery-as-treatment-of-malignant-colonic-obstruction-in-the-palliative-setting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Igor Braga Ribeiro, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Bruno da Costa Martins, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Elisa Ryoka Baba, Iatagan Rocha Josino, Nelson Tomio Miyajima, Martin Andrés Coronel Cordero, Thiago Arantes de Carvalho Visconti, Edson Ide, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1055/a-0591-2883.].
May 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782218/postural-control-and-physiological-responses-to-a-simulated-match-in-u-20-judo-competitors
#3
Luis Santos, Javier Fernández-Río, Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Miguel Blanco-Traba, Markus Due Jakobsen, Vicente González-Díez, Emerson Franchini, Carlos Gutiérrez, Xurxo Dopico-Calvo, Eduardo Carballeira-Fernández, William Amonette, Oscar Suman
The aim was to evaluate the effects of judo combat on the athletes' postural control (PC) and physiological loading before, during and after a simulated match. Seventeen under-20 regional and national level athletes completed one modified 7-min match. At baseline, during the combat (3rd and 7th minutes) and 2-min post-match centre of pressure (CoP) parameters were assessed. Heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BLa) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and local RPE (LRPE) were collected. Significant increments were observed in CoP mean positioning and velocity at 3rd and 7th minutes, but the CoP deviation in both axes was unaffected...
May 21, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782030/the-genomes-of-three-bradyrhizobium-sp-isolated-from-root-nodules-of-lupinus-albescens-grown-in-extremely-poor-soils-display-important-genes-for-resistance-to-environmental-stress
#4
Camille E Granada, Luciano K Vargas, Fernando Hayashi Sant'Anna, Eduardo Balsanelli, Valter Antonio de Baura, Fábio de Oliveira Pedrosa, Emanuel Maltempi de Souza, Tiago Falcon, Luciane M P Passaglia
Lupinus albescens is a resistant cover plant that establishes symbiotic relationships with bacteria belonging to the Bradyrhizobium genus. This symbiosis helps the development of these plants in adverse environmental conditions, such as the ones found in arenized areas of Southern Brazil. This work studied three Bradyrhizobium sp. (AS23, NAS80 and NAS96) isolated from L. albescens plants that grow in extremely poor soils (arenized areas and adjacent grasslands). The genomes of these three strains were sequenced in the Ion Torrent platform using the IonXpress library preparation kit, and presented a total number of bases of 1,230,460,823 for AS23, 1,320,104,022 for NAS80, and 1,236,105,093 for NAS96...
May 17, 2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781940/alpha-actinin-3-r577x-polymorphism-influences-muscle-damage-and-hormonal-responses-after-a-soccer-game
#5
Daniel B Coelho, Eduardo M Pimenta, Izinara C Rosse, Christiano Veneroso, Guilherme De Azambuja Pussieldi, Lenice K Becker, Emerson C Oliveira, Maria R S Carvalho, Emerson Silami-Garcia
Coelho, DB, Pimenta, EM, Rosse, IC, Veneroso, C, Pussieldi, GDA, Becker, LK, De Oliveira, EC, Carvalho, MRS, and Silami-Garcia, E. Alpha-actinin-3 R577X polymorphism influences muscle damage and hormonal responses after a soccer game. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to evaluate indicators of muscle damage and hormonal responses after soccer matches and its relation to alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) gene expression (XX vs. RR/RX), considering that the R allele produces alpha-actinin-3 and provides greater muscle strength and power...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779806/iron-absorption-from-beans-with-different-contents-of-iron-evaluated-by-stable-isotopes
#6
Márcia Varella Morandi Junqueira-Franco, José Eduardo Dutra de Oliveira, Marilia Regini Nutti, Helton Santos Pereira, José Luiz Vianna de Carvalho, Steven A Abrams, Camila Fernanda Cunha Brandão, Júlio Sérgio Marchini
BACKGROUND: The introduction of biofortified foods such as beans with higher iron content may be a useful tool in preventing iron deficiency. The biofortification aims to reach the root of the problem of malnutrition, targets the neediest population, uses embedded distribution mechanisms, is scientifically feasible and effective in terms of cost, and complements other ongoing interventions to control micronutrient deficiency. However, to ensure effectiveness, measurement of the absorption of minerals is essential...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778857/development-of-a-risk-score-based-on-aortic-calcification-to-predict-1-year-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#7
Pierre Lantelme, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Muriel Rabilloud, Géraud Souteyrand, Marion Dupré, Marco Spaziano, Marc Bonnet, Clément Becle, Benjamin Riche, Eric Durand, Erik Bouvier, Jean-Nicolas Dacher, Pierre-Yves Courand, Lucie Cassagnes, Eduardo E Dávila Serrano, Pascal Motreff, Loic Boussel, Thierry Lefèvre, Brahim Harbaoui
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a new scoring system based on thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) to predict 1-year cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. BACKGROUND: A calcified aorta is often associated with poor prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). A risk score encompassing aortic calcification may be valuable in identifying poor TAVR responders. METHODS: The C4 CAPRI (4 Cities for Assessing CAlcification PRognostic Impact) multicenter study included a training cohort (1,425 patients treated using TAVR between 2010 and 2014) and a contemporary test cohort (311 patients treated in 2015)...
May 11, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778740/alpha-1-antitrypsin-ameliorates-inflammation-and-neurodegeneration-in-the-diabetic-mouse-retina
#8
Gustavo Ortiz, Emiliano S Lopez, Juan P Salica, Constanza Potilinski, Mariano Fernández Acquier, Eduardo Chuluyan, Juan E Gallo
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common cause of blindness in the working age population. Early events of DR are accompanied by neurodegeneration of the inner retina resulting in ganglion cell loss. These findings together with reduced retinal thickness are observed within the first weeks of experimental DR. Besides, an inflammatory process is triggered in DR in which the innate immune response plays a relevant role. Alpha 1 antitrypsin (AAT), an inhibitor of serine proteases, has shown anti-inflammatory properties in several diseases...
May 17, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778698/macedo-procedure-a-continent-catheterizable-ileum-based-reservoir-step-by-step-video
#9
Eduardo Tosetto Cachoeira, João Vitor Q Dos Santos, Gabriel V da Silva, Rafael C da Silva, Guilherme L Motta, Fernando J Abreu, Patric M Tavares, Tiago E Rosito
This video provides a case report of a 16-year-old male patient who underwent bladder enlargement with a catheterized conduit under Macedo's technique. This technique involves the use of a segment of the distal ileum with a flap that is used for confection of the conduit. Key points include: 1) skin incision planning; 2) bladder release to allow a tension-free anastomosis; 3) reservoir and a conduit creation with a distal ileum; and 4) creation of a continence mechanism.
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777475/effects-of-resistance-training-detraining-and-retraining-on-strength-and-functional-capacity-in-elderly
#10
Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Bruno Monteiro Moura, Lucas Bet da Rosa Orssatto, Ewertton de Souza Bezerra, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Fernando Diefenthaeler
BACKGROUND: The interruption of training (detraining) results in loss of the gains acquired. Partial retention could occur after detraining, and variation in training stimuli may optimize retraining adaptations. AIM: To evaluate the effect of a resistance-retraining program on strength and functional capacity performance after a detraining period. METHODS: Ten elderly men and women (63-68 years) completed 12 weeks of training, 16 weeks of detraining, and 8 weeks of retraining...
May 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777144/benefits-in-radical-mastectomy-protocol-a-randomized-trial-evaluating-the-use-of-regional-anesthesia
#11
Marcio Matsumoto, Eva M Flores, Pedro P Kimachi, Flavia V Gouveia, Mayra A Kuroki, Alfredo C S D Barros, Marcelo M C Sampaio, Felipe E M Andrade, João Valverde, Eduardo F Abrantes, Claudia M Simões, Rosana L Pagano, Raquel C R Martinez
Surgery is the first-line treatment for early, localized, or operable breast cancer. Regional anesthesia during mastectomy may offer the prevention of postoperative pain. One potential protocol is the combination of serratus anterior plane block (SAM block) with pectoral nerve block I (PECS I), but the results and potential benefits are limited. Our study compared general anesthesia with or without SAM block + PECS I during radical mastectomy with axillary node dissection and breast reconstruction using evaluations of pain, opioid consumption, side effects and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and IL-10...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776712/erratum-to-a-new-hdv-mouse-model-identifies-mitochondrial-antiviral-signaling-protein-mavs-as-a-key-player-in-ifn-%C3%AE-induction-j-hepatol-67-2017-669-679
#12
Lester Suárez-Amarán, Carla Usai, Marianna Di Scala, Cristina Godoy, Yi Ni, Mirja Hommel, Laura Palomo, Víctor Segura, Cristina Olagüe, Africa Vales, Alicia Ruiz-Ripa, Maria Buti, Eduardo Salido, Jesús Prieto, Stephan Urban, Francisco Rodríguez-Frias, Rafael Aldabe, Gloria González-Aseguinolaza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776652/meta-analysis-of-transcatheter-valve-in-valve-implantation-versus-redo-aortic-valve-surgery-for-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-dysfunction
#13
Saroj Neupane, Hemindermeet Singh, Johannes Lämmer, Hussein Othman, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Howard S Rosman, Eduardo Bossone, Rajendra H Mehta, Holger Eggebrecht
Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation (ViV-TAVI) has evolved as an alternative to redo surgical valve replacement (redo-SAVR) for high-risk patients with aortic bioprosthetic valve (BPV) dysfunction. The differences in procedural success and outcomes in a large number of patients who underwent ViV-TAVI compared with redo-SAVR for aortic BPV dysfunction are not known. We conducted a meta-analysis of the previously reported studies to determine outcomes after ViV-TAVI and redo-SAVR. PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies that reported comparative outcomes of patients who underwent either ViV-TAVI or redo-SAVR...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776582/recurrence-of-human-papillomavirus-related-carcinoma-with-adenoid-cystic-like-features
#14
Andrés Felipe Sáenz González, Eduardo Morera Serna, Adriana Marcela Quintero Duarte, Rafael Ramos Asensio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776561/circulating-micrornas-as-emerging-cardiac-biomarkers-responsive-to-acute-exercise
#15
David de Gonzalo-Calvo, Alberto Dávalos, Manuel Fernández-Sanjurjo, Laura Amado-Rodríguez, Susana Díaz-Coto, Cristina Tomás-Zapico, Ana Montero, Ángela García-González, Vicenta Llorente-Cortés, Maria Eugenia Heras, Araceli Boraita Pérez, Ángel E Díaz-Martínez, Natalia Úbeda, Eduardo Iglesias-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) are mediators of intercellular communication with great potential as cardiac biomarkers. The analysis of c-miRNAs in response to physiological stress, such as exercise, would provide valuable information for clinical practice and a deeper understanding of the molecular response to physical activity. Here, we analysed for the first time the acute exercise response of c-miRNAs reported as biomarkers of cardiac disease in a well-characterized cohort of healthy active adults...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776129/assay-based-on-electrical-impedance-spectroscopy-to-discriminate-between-normal-and-cancerous-mammalian-cells
#16
Fabián Eduardo Giana, Fabián José Bonetto, Mariela Inés Bellotti
In this work we present an assay to discriminate between normal and cancerous cells. The method is based on the measurement of electrical impedance spectra of in vitro cell cultures. We developed a protocol consisting on four consecutive measurement phases, each of them designed to obtain different information about the cell cultures. Through the analysis of the measured data, 26 characteristic features were obtained for both cell types. From the complete set of features, we selected the most relevant in terms of their discriminant capacity by means of conventional statistical tests...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776027/tensor-network-method-for-reversible-classical-computation
#17
Zhi-Cheng Yang, Stefanos Kourtis, Claudio Chamon, Eduardo R Mucciolo, Andrei E Ruckenstein
We develop a tensor network technique that can solve universal reversible classical computational problems, formulated as vertex models on a square lattice [Nat. Commun. 8, 15303 (2017)2041-172310.1038/ncomms15303]. By encoding the truth table of each vertex constraint in a tensor, the total number of solutions compatible with partial inputs and outputs at the boundary can be represented as the full contraction of a tensor network. We introduce an iterative compression-decimation (ICD) scheme that performs this contraction efficiently...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775865/influence-of-fatigue-and-velocity-on-the-latency-and-recruitment-order-of-scapular-muscles
#18
Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo, Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Eduardo Martinez-Valdes, Rodrigo Guzman-Venegas, Francisco Jose Berral de la Rosa
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of velocity and fatigue on scapular muscle activation latency and recruitment order during a voluntary arm raise task, in healthy individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty three male adults per group (high-velocity and low-velocity). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Onset latency of scapular muscles [Anterior deltoid (AD), lower trapezius (LT), middle trapezius (MT), upper trapezius (UT), and serratus anterior (SA)] was assessed by surface electromyography...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774830/frequent-implication-of-multistress-tolerant-campylobacter-jejuni-in-human-infections
#19
Euna Oh, Linda Chui, Junghee Bae, Vincent Li, Angela Ma, Steven K Mutschall, Eduardo N Taboada, Lynn M McMullen, Byeonghwa Jeon
Campylobacter jejuni, a major cause of bacterial foodborne illnesses, is considered highly susceptible to environmental stresses. In this study, we extensively investigated the stress tolerance of 121 clinical strains of C. jejuni against 5 stress conditions (aerobic stress, disinfectant exposure, freeze-thaw, heat treatment, and osmotic stress) that this pathogenic bacterium might encounter during foodborne transmission to humans. In contrast to our current perception about high stress sensitivity of C. jejuni, a number of clinical strains of C...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774523/acute-and-subacute-antidiabetic-studies-of-enp-9-a-new-1-5-diarylpyrazole-derivative
#20
Eduardo Hernández-Vázquez, Sandra Young-Peralta, Litzia Cerón-Romero, Sara García-Jiménez, Samuel Estrada-Soto
OBJECTIVES: To explore the antihyperglycaemic and antidiabetic effects and to determine the acute toxicity of 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-4-methyl-N-(piperidin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (ENP-9). METHODS: The antihyperglycaemic effect of ENP-9 (50 mg/kg) was determined by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Also, the acute (16, 50 and 160 mg/kg) and subacute (50 mg/kg/day for 10 days) antidiabetic effects of ENP-9 were determined. After subacute treatment, blood samples were analysed to determine glucose and lipid profiles...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
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