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refraction in babies

Sumita Agarkar, Roshani Desai, Sumeer Singh, Durgasri Jaisankar, Pramod Bhende, Rajiv Raman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the refractive error outcomes in the eyes of premature babies with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) who underwent laser plus lens-sparing vitrectomy (LSV) in one eye and laser alone in the fellow eye. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Fourteen babies with Stage 4A of ROP or worse who underwent laser plus LSV in one eye (Group 1) and laser alone in the fellow eye (Group 2) were followed at 2 months, 6 months, 1 year, one and a half year, and 2 years...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Savleen Kaur, Jaspreet Sukhija, Deeksha Katoch, Mansi Sharma, Ramanuj Samanta, Mangat R Dogra
PURPOSE: Indian children belong to a diverse socioeconomic strata with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) developing in mature, higher birth weight babies as well. The purpose of our study is to analyze the long-term status of refractive errors and its relationship with ocular biometry in children with ROP who were laser treated at a tertiary center in North India. METHODS: Cross sectional study. Children (<16 years) enrolled from January 2014 to December 2014 with a history of laser treatment for ROP and examined for refractive and biometric status...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Shu-Juan Yu, Guo-Hua Liu, Yi Liu, Jing Huang, Ming-Lei Han, Bo-Jun Zhao, Zhong-Tao Gai
AIM: To study the evolution of the refractive status and examine the affected factors in infants during the first year of life in a large sample size in China. METHODS: A total of 1258 babies (2516 eyes) aged 32wk gestational age to 1y participated in the study, including 766 premature and 492 full-term infants. First, each baby received an orthoptic examination, slit-lamp checking and fundus imaging. Patients with diseases which might affect refractive status were excluded from the cohort...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Julie Y C Lok, Wilson W K Yip, Abbie S W Luk, Joyce K Y Chin, Henry H W Lau, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: To report the visual outcome and refractive status in first 3 years of age in preterm infants suffered from laser-treated Type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP): a 6-year review in Hong Kong DESIGN: Retrospective case series METHODOLOGY: Clinical records of all infants suffered from Type 1 ROP who had undergone laser therapy between 2007 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Basic demographic data, serial changes of refractive error, visual acuity, severity of ROP and laser were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
N O'Keeffe, J Murphy, M O'Keefe, B Lanigan
We conducted a prospective randomized study to compare outcomes of intravitreal Bevacizumab versus diode laser in thirty eyes of fifteen premature babies with zone 1 or posterior zone 2 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We recorded complications, regression/reactivation of ROP, visual outcome, refractive error and systemic complications. The Bevacizumab treated eyes showed rapid regression of the ROP with resolution of plus disease and flattening of the ridge at 48 hours post injection. In 3 Bevacizumab treated eyes, reactivation occurred and were treated with laser (3 eyes) or a further Bevacizumab injection (1 eye)...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
O Ozdemir, Z Ozen Tunay, D Erginturk Acar, U Acar
PURPOSE: To examine refractive errors and refractive development in premature infants. METHODS: Premature infants in the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening program were recruited and examined longitudinally between 28 and 58 weeks postmenstrual age. For performing cycloplegic retinoscopy, 1% tropicamide was administered, two drops with a 10-minute interval, in order to paralyze accommodation and to achieve cycloplegia. Birth weight, gestational age, gender and acute ROP disease were recorded...
December 2015: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Li-Juan Ouyang, Zheng-Qin Yin, Ning Ke, Xin-Ke Chen, Qin Liu, Jing Fang, Lin Chen, Xiu-Rong Chen, Hui Shi, Ling Tang, Lian-Hong Pi
PURPOSE: To investigate the refractive status and optical components of premature babies with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at 3-4 years old, and to explore the influence of prematurity and ROP on the refractive status and optical components. METHODS: Premature babies receiving fundus examination were recruited into ROP group and non-ROP group, with age-matched full-term babies as controls. RESULTS: The incidence of myopia was the highest in ROP (3/59, 5...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Akira Kobayashi, Hideaki Yokogawa, Natsuko Mori, Kazuhisa Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: To evaluate clinical outcomes of Descemet's Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) for severe bullous keratopathy that develop as a late complication of endothelial injury to the baby during forceps delivery at birth. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Four eyes (four patients; mean age, 51.5 years) with severe bullous keratopathy as a late complication of forceps delivery at birth were enrolled. All patients had amblyopia from childhood due to cloudy cornea...
2015: BMC Ophthalmology
Şule Ziylan, Vildan Öztürk, Özge Yabaş-Kızıloğlu, Ferda Çiftçi
The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the long-term ophthalmological outcome in children with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) who were treated for threshold disease with indirect laser photocoagulation. 107 eyes of 56 patients with threshold ROP treated with indirect laser photocoagulation and 202 eyes of 101 control patients with spontaneously regressed ROP were included. Fixation pattern, ocular motility findings, visual acuity, anterior segment examination, cycloplegic refraction and indirect ophthalmoscopic dilated fundus examination findings of all the included subjects were recorded...
September 2014: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Aris Konstantopoulos, Jodhbir S Mehta
Presbyopia, the physiological change in near vision that develops with ageing, gradually affects individuals older than 40 years and is a growing cause of visual disability due to ageing demographics of the global population. The routine use of computers and 'smartphones', combined with the affluence of the 'baby boomers' generation has set high standards for near vision correction. Corneal inlays are a relatively new treatment modality that is effective at compensating for presbyopia. The dimensions of these devices vary from 2 to 3...
May 2015: Expert Review of Medical Devices
A S Klimkin, M V Medvedeva
The article presents a review of the data, which reflects the relevance and modern views on the problem of retinopathy of prematurity, including statistical and epidemiologic data on nosology. Various pathogenetic theories of onset and progression of this disease are discussed. A clear correlation depending on the degree of prematurity, body weight and physical condition of the newborn and the risk of disease is mentioned. The summation of etiology aspects, as well as pathogenesis, classification of clinical forms and the modern approach to the diagnostics is of a quite interest...
2014: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Salil Gadkari, Rushita Kamdar, Sucheta Kulkarni, Madan Deshpande, Sudhir Taras
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: To demonstrate improvement in the vision of babies after successful vitrectomy for stage 4b retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over an extended period of time. METHODS: This was an observational prospective case series. Eight babies who had undergone successful vitrectomy in either their only seeing eye (or both eyes) with stage 4b ROP were followed up post-operatively for a period of 80 weeks or more. Vision with Teller acuity chart, refraction, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, and documentation with RetCam was done at each visit...
May 2015: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Alan James, Michael Hunter, Leon Straker, John Beilby, Romola Bucks, Tim Davis, Robert H Eikelboom, David Hillman, Jennie Hui, Joe Hung, Matthew Knuiman, David A Mackey, Robert U Newton, Lyle J Palmer, Aw Bill Musk
BACKGROUND: The global trend of increased life expectancy and increased prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases will impact on health systems. To identify effective intervention and prevention strategies, greater understanding of the risk factors for and cumulative effects of chronic disease processes and their effects on function and quality of life is needed.The Busselton Healthy Ageing Study aims to enhance understanding of ageing by relating the clustering and interactions of common chronic conditions in adults to function...
2013: BMC Public Health
S Bidot, P Dureau, G Caputo
The first 2 years of life are essential to visual development. The ophthalmological examination of a baby is different from that of an adult, in terms of both methodology and clinical signs. The specifics of examination at this age require a rigorous history taking as a first step: personal and family medical history, first sign of the disease and its progression. Cycloplegic refraction and fundus exam are both critical regardless of the reason for consultation. In addition, fundus exam must be performed at the first visit in cases of strabismus, nystagmus, or abnormal visual function, in order to rule out underlying retinoblastoma...
October 2013: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Kurt Spiteri Cornish, Monica Hrabovsky, Neil W Scott, Elizabeth Myerscough, Aravind R Reddy
PURPOSE: To document the prevalence of ophthalmic morbidities in babies born to mothers who misused substances in pregnancy and to assess whether it changes over 5 years. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. METHODS: The series included: (1) a retrospective review of 301 children born between 2000 and 2004 to mothers misusing substances during pregnancy; (2) assessment at 5-year follow-up of this cohort; and (3) comparison with 7887 age-matched controls drawn from the preschool screening cohort in the north of Scotland in the same time period...
July 2013: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Yasser M Tariq, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of premature birth with macular parameters measured by spectral domain coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: The Sydney Adolescent Vascular and Eye Study performed eye examinations in school students across Sydney between 2009 and 2011. Visual acuity, cycloplegic autorefraction, and optical biometry measurements were recorded. Macular parameters were measured with SD-OCT. Questionnaires previously completed by the participants' parents were used to determine perinatal and medical history...
August 2012: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
F Cruciani, G Albanese, B Antonelli, L Mazzeo, D Caracciolo, S Di Pillo
PURPOSE: To know children's visual conditions and assess the actual status of ophthalmological prevention in Italy, highlighting both positive and negative aspects and its variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research was carried out in nine Italian regions (Sicilia, Calabria, Campania, Lazio, Abruzzo, Molise, Emilia Romagna, Lombardia, Friuli Venezia Giulia) by means of questionnaire filled in by preschool, elementary and junior high school children's parents. A different amount of questionnaires has been got for each region...
2011: La Clinica Terapeutica
Hans Limburg, Clare Gilbert, Do Nhu Hon, Nguyen Chi Dung, Tran Huy Hoang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of blindness in children in Vietnam and to assess the major causes. DESIGN: A population-based study sampled children from 16 provinces across Vietnam. The second study examined children attending all blind schools in Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: In 16 provinces, 28 800 children aged 0-15 were sampled. In 28 blind schools, 569 children aged 0-15 were examined. INTERVENTION: In children not seeing well according to the parents, presenting visual acuity (PVA) was assessed...
February 2012: Ophthalmology
Nidhi G Satiani, Donald O Mutti
PURPOSE: To determine the proportion of infants in a pediatric medical practice who have high levels of hyperopia in addition to evaluating the ability of the PowerRefractor (PR) [with and without accessory +4.50 diopter (D) spectacles] compared with cycloplegic retinoscopy to detect highly hyperopic refractive errors. METHODS: The cycloplegic refractive error (2 drops tropicamide 1% given 5 min apart) of 200 normal birth weight infants was measured by retinoscopy and the Plusoptix PR...
August 2011: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
M-J Tassignon, L Gobin, I De Veuster, D Godts
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the advantages of the bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens in children undergoing cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 54 eyes of 37 children and babies (age, 2 months to 14 years), consecutively operated on between December 1999 and January 2008 for unilateral or bilateral cataract using the "bag-in-the-lens" intraocular lens. Slit-lamp examination, intraocular pressure, visual acuity, and refraction were followed to the best possible degree over time...
September 2009: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
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