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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823121/characterization-of-the-porcine-nanog-5-flanking-region
#1
Azra Memon, Ki-Duk Song, Woon Kyu Lee
Objective: Nanog, a homeodomain protein, has been investigated in humans and mice using ESCs. Because of the limited availability of ESCs, few studies have reported the function and role of Nanog in porcine ESCs. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the location of the porcine Nanog chromosome and its basal promoter activity, which might have potential applications in development of ESs specific marker as well as understanding its operating systems in the porcine. Methods: To characterize the porcine Nanog promoter, the 5'-flanking region of Nanog was isolated from cells of mini-pig ears...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821614/multiple-circadian-transcriptional-elements-cooperatively-regulate-cell-autonomous-transcriptional-oscillation-of-period3-a-mammalian-clock-gene
#2
Ritsuko Matsumura, Makoto Akashi
Cell-autonomous oscillation in clock gene expression drives circadian rhythms. The development of comprehensive analytical techniques, such as bioinformatics and ChIP-sequencing, has enabled the genome-wide identification of potential circadian transcriptional elements that regulate the transcriptional oscillation of clock genes. However, detailed analyses using traditional biochemical and molecular-biological approaches, such as binding and reporter assays, are still necessary to determine whether these potential circadian transcriptional elements are actually functional and how significantly they contribute to driving transcriptional oscillation...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819973/mobile-platform-for-multiplexed-detection-and-differentiation-of-disease-specific-nucleic-acid-sequences-using-microfluidic-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-and-smartphone-detection
#3
Weili Chen, Hojeong Yu, Fu Sun, Akid Ornob, Ryan Brisbin, Anurup Ganguli, Vinay Kumar Vemuri, Piotr Strzebonski, Guangzhe Cui, Karen J Allen, Smit A Desai, Weiran Lin, David M Nash, David Hirschberg, Ian Brooks, Rashid Bashir, Brian T Cunningham
New tools are needed to enable rapid detection, identification, and reporting of infectious viral and microbial pathogens in a wide variety of point-of-care applications that impact human and animal health. We report the design, construction, and characterization of a platform for multiplexed analysis of disease-specific DNA sequences that utilizes a smartphone camera as the sensor in conjunction with a handheld "cradle" that interfaces the phone with a silicon-based microfluidic chip embedded within a credit card-sized cartridge...
August 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819840/microfluidic-based-enrichment-and-retrieval-of-circulating-tumor-cells-for-rt-pcr-analysis
#4
Priya Gogoi, Saedeh Sepehri, Will Chow, Kalyan Handique, Yixin Wang
Molecular analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is hindered by low sensitivity and high level of background leukocytes of currently available CTC enrichment technologies. We have developed a novel device to enrich and retrieve CTCs from blood samples by using a microfluidic chip. The Celsee PREP100 device captures CTCs with high sensitivity and allows the captured CTCs to be retrieved for molecular analysis. It uses the microfluidic chip which has approximately 56,320 capture chambers. Based on differences in cell size and deformability, each chamber ensures that small blood escape while larger CTCs of varying sizes are trapped and isolated in the chambers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819442/interferon-%C3%AE-promotes-the-expression-of-cancer-stem-cell-markers-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Hailong Ma, Shufang Jin, Wenyi Yang, Zhuowei Tian, Shuli Liu, Yang Wang, Ge Zhou, Mei Zhao, Shalva Gvetadze, Zhiyuan Zhang, Jingzhou Hu
Objectives: IFNα can stimulate an antitumor immune response and has a direct inhibition on cancer cells. This study is to test whether IFNα can activate dormant cancer stem cell (CSC) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) to facilitate their elimination by chemotherapy. Materials and methods: Nude mouse transplantation tumor model was established and administrated with IFNα and saline. The influence on CD44 and ALDH1A1 expression under IFNα treatment was detected by in vivo experiments. Flow cytometry, western blot, and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of CD44 and ALDH1A1 after INFa treatment in OSCC cell lines...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819390/fluorofenidone-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-cells
#6
Zheng-Hao Deng, Jie Meng, Juan Tang, Gao-Yun Hu, Li-Jian Tao
Background: Lung carcinoma is the leading cause of malignant tumor related mortality in China in recent decades, and the development of new and effective therapies for patients with advanced lung carcinoma is needed. We recently found that fluorofenidone (FD), a newly developed pyridine compound, reduced the activation of Stat3 (Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) in fibroblasts. Stat3 plays a crucial role in the development of lung cancer and may represent a new therapeutic target. In this study, we examined the effect of FD on human lung adenocarcinoma cells in vivo and in vitro...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818515/integrative-analysis-of-hepatic-microrna-and-mrna-to-identify-potential-biological-pathways-associated-with-monocrotaline-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#7
Zhenlin Huang, Minwei Chen, Jiaqi Zhang, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are a type of natural hepatotoxic compounds. Monocrotaline (MCT), belongs to PAs, is a main compound distributed in medicinal herb Crotalaria ferruginea Grah. ex Benth. This study aims to identify the potential biological signaling pathway associated with MCT-induced liver injury by analyzing the integrative altered hepatic microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA expression profile. C57BL/6 mice were orally given with MCT (270, 330mg/kg). Serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST) activity, total bilirubin (TBil) amount and liver histological evaluation showed the liver injury induced by MCT...
August 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817097/bloch-surface-waves-biosensors-for-high-sensitivity-detection-of-soluble-erbb2-in-a-complex-biological-environment
#8
Alberto Sinibaldi, Camilla Sampaoli, Norbert Danz, Peter Munzert, Frank Sonntag, Fabio Centola, Agostino Occhicone, Elisa Tremante, Patrizio Giacomini, Francesco Michelotti
We report on the use of one-dimensional photonic crystals to detect clinically relevant concentrations of the cancer biomarker ERBB2 in cell lysates. Overexpression of the ERBB2 protein is associated with aggressive breast cancer subtypes. To detect soluble ERBB2, we developed an optical set-up which operates in both label-free and fluorescence modes. The detection approach makes use of a sandwich assay, in which the one-dimensional photonic crystals sustaining Bloch surface waves are modified with monoclonal antibodies, in order to guarantee high specificity during the biological recognition...
August 17, 2017: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813186/multi-normalization-and-interpolation-protocol-to-improve-norovirus-immunoagglutination-assay-from-paper-microfluidics-with-smartphone-detection
#9
Soohee Cho, Tu San Park, Kelly A Reynolds, Jeong-Yeol Yoon
Norovirus (NoV) is one of the leading causes of acute gastroenteritis, affecting 685 million people per year around the world. The best preventive measure is to screen water for possible NoV contamination, not from infected humans, preferably using rapid and field-deployable diagnostic methods. While enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) can be used for such detection, the low infectious dose as well as the generally inferior sensitivity and low titer of available NoV antibodies render critical challenges in using EIAs toward NoV detection...
August 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811350/defining-the-dna-binding-site-recognized-by-the-fission-yeast-zn2cys6-transcription-factor-pho7-and-its-role-in-phosphate-homeostasis
#10
Beate Schwer, Ana M Sanchez, Angad Garg, Debashree Chatterjee, Stewart Shuman
Fission yeast phosphate homeostasis entails transcriptional induction of genes encoding phosphate-mobilizing proteins under conditions of phosphate starvation. Transcription factor Pho7, a member of the Zn2Cys6 family of fungal transcription regulators, is the central player in the starvation response. The DNA binding sites in the promoters of phosphate-responsive genes have not been defined, nor have any structure-function relationships been established for the Pho7 protein. Here we narrow this knowledge gap by (i) delineating an autonomous DNA-binding domain (DBD) within Pho7 that includes the Zn2Cys6 module, (ii) deploying recombinant Pho7 DBD in DNase I footprinting and electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) to map the Pho7 recognition sites in the promoters of the phosphate-regulated pho1 and tgp1 genes to a 12-nucleotide sequence motif [5'-TCG(G/C)(A/T)xxTTxAA], (iii) independently identifying the same motif as a Pho7 recognition element via in silico analysis of available genome-wide ChIP-seq data, (iv) affirming that mutations in the two Pho7 recognition sites in the pho1 promoter efface pho1 expression in vivo, and (v) establishing that the zinc-binding cysteines and a pair of conserved arginines in the DBD are essential for Pho7 activity in vivoIMPORTANCE Fungi respond to phosphate starvation by inducing the transcription of a set of phosphate acquisition genes that comprise a phosphate regulon...
August 15, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811311/linking-the-environment-daf-7-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-and-lag-2-dsl-ligand-expression-in-the-germline-stem-cell-niche
#11
Olga Pekar, Maria C Ow, Kailyn Y Hui, Marcus B Noyes, Sarah E Hall, E Jane Albert Hubbard
The developmental accumulation of proliferative germ cells in the C. elegans hermaphrodite is sensitive to the organismal environment. Previously, we found that the TGFβ signaling pathway links the environment and proliferative germ cell accumulation. Neuronal DAF-7/TGFβ causes a DAF-1/TGFβR signaling cascade in the gonadal distal tip cell (DTC), the germline stem cell niche, where it negatively regulates a DAF-3 SMAD and DAF-5 Sno-Ski. LAG-2, a founding DSL ligand family member, is produced in the DTC and activates the GLP-1/Notch receptor on adjacent germ cells to maintain germline stem cell fate...
August 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811026/multiple-epitope-presentation-and-surface-density-control-enabled-by-chemoselective-immobilization-lead-to-enhanced-performance-in-ige-binding-fingerprinting-on-peptide-microarrays
#12
Alessandro Gori, Marina Cretich, Renzo Vanna, Laura Sola, Paola Gagni, Giulia Bruni, Marta Liprino, Furio Gramatica, Samuele Burastero, Marcella Chiari
Multiple ligand presentation is a powerful strategy to enhance the affinity of a probe for its corresponding target. A promising application of this concept lies in the analytical field, where surface immobilized probes interact with their corresponding targets in the context of complex biological samples. Here we investigate the effect of multiple epitope presentation (MEP) in the challenging context of IgE-detection in serum samples using peptide microarrays, and evaluate the influence of probes surface density on the assay results...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810932/lncrna-neat1-promotes-growth-and-metastasis-of-cholangiocarcinoma-cells
#13
Cheng Zhang, Jing-Yi Li, Fu-Zhou Tian, Gang Zhao, Hai Hu, Yue-Feng Ma, Yu-Long Yang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to play important roles in cancers. However, little is known about lncRNAs incholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a cholangiocyte malignancy with poor prognosis. We investigated the role of Nuclear Paraspeckle Assembly Transcript 1 (NEAT1) lncRNA in promoting cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). qRT-PCR analysis of patient samples showed that NEAT1 expression was higher in CCA tumors than matched adjacent non-tumor tissue. NEAT1 levels were also higher in CCA cell lines than a normal biliary epithelium cell line (HIBEpic)...
August 15, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810638/microrna-differential-expression-spectrum-and-microrna-125a-5p-inhibition-of-laryngeal-cancer-cell-proliferation
#14
Xiang-Dong Yao, Ping Li, Ji-Sheng Wang
The present study aimed to screen and analyze the differential expression spectrum of microRNA (miRNA) between laryngeal cancer tissue and surrounding normal laryngeal mucosa in order to provide an indication for further study to determine the role of miRNA in the initiation and development of laryngeal cancer. A total of 42 pairs of specimens of laryngeal carcinoma tissues and adjacent normal laryngeal mucosa were collected. A total of 10 pairs of specimens were randomly selected for miRNA microarray gene chip analysis, and the remaining 32 pairs of specimens were used for reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) verification to identify miRNA that were differentially expressed in laryngeal cancer tissues...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809012/comparative-genomics-as-a-foundation-for-evo-devo-studies-in-birds
#15
Phil Grayson, Simon Y W Sin, Timothy B Sackton, Scott V Edwards
Developmental genomics is a rapidly growing field, and high-quality genomes are a useful foundation for comparative developmental studies. A high-quality genome forms an essential reference onto which the data from numerous assays and experiments, including ChIP-seq, ATAC-seq, and RNA-seq, can be mapped. A genome also streamlines and simplifies the development of primers used to amplify putative regulatory regions for enhancer screens, cDNA probes for in situ hybridization, microRNAs (miRNAs) or short hairpin RNAs (shRNA) for RNA interference (RNAi) knockdowns, mRNAs for misexpression studies, and even guide RNAs (gRNAs) for CRISPR knockouts...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808998/microfluidics-mass-spectrometry-of-protein-carbohydrate-interactions-applications-to-the-development-of-therapeutics-and-biomarker-discovery
#16
Alina D Zamfir
The functional interactions of carbohydrates and their protein receptors are the basis of biological events critical to the evolution of pathological states. Hence, for the past years, such interactions have become the focus of research for the development of therapeutics and discovery of novel glycan biomarkers based on their binding affinity. Due to the high sensitivity, throughput, reproducibility, and capability to ionize minor species in heterogeneous mixtures, microfluidics-mass spectrometry (MS) has recently emerged as a method of choice in protein-glycan interactomics...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808806/brca1-mimetic-compound-nsc35446-hcl-inhibits-ikkb-expression-by-reducing-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-occupancy-in-the-ikkb-promoter-and-inhibits-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activity-in-antiestrogen-resistant-human-breast-cancer-cells
#17
Shyam Nathan, Yongxian Ma, York A Tomita, Eliseu De Oliveira, Milton L Brown, Eliot M Rosen
PURPOSE: We previously identified small molecules that fit into a BRCA1-binding pocket within estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα), mimic the ability of BRCA1 to inhibit ERα activity ("BRCA1-mimetics"), and overcome antiestrogen resistance. One such compound, the hydrochloride salt of NSC35446 ("NSC35446.HCl"), also inhibited the growth of antiestrogen-resistant LCC9 tumor xenografts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the down-stream effects of NSC35446.HCl and its mechanism of action...
August 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808340/kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-6-is-a-transcriptional-activator-of-autophagy-in-acute-liver-injury
#18
Svenja Sydor, Paul Manka, Jan Best, Sami Jafoui, Jan-Peter Sowa, Miguel Eugenio Zoubek, Virginia Hernandez-Gea, Francisco Javier Cubero, Julia Kälsch, Diana Vetter, Maria Isabel Fiel, Yujin Hoshida, C Billie Bian, Leonard J Nelson, Han Moshage, Klaas Nico Faber, Andreas Paul, Hideo A Baba, Guido Gerken, Scott L Friedman, Ali Canbay, Lars P Bechmann
Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a transcription factor and tumor suppressor. We previously identified KLF6 as mediator of hepatocyte glucose and lipid homeostasis. The loss or reduction of KLF6 is linked to the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma, but its contribution to liver regeneration and repair in acute liver injury are lacking so far. Here we explore the role of KLF6 in acute liver injury models in mice, and in patients with acute liver failure (ALF). KLF6 was induced in hepatocytes in ALF, and in both acetaminophen (APAP)- and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-treated mice...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806521/determination-of-caspase-3-activity-and-its-inhibition-constant-by-combination-of-fluorescence-correlation-spectroscopy-with-a-microwell-chip
#19
Di Su, Xiaocai Hu, Chaoqing Dong, Jicun Ren
Caspase-3 is a key enzyme executing apoptosis during ontogenesis and homeostasis of multicellular organisms, and is a very important and potential drug target in treatment of apoptosis disturbance. So far, no commercial drugs for caspase-3 are available, and it is urgently necessitated to develop an effective method for caspase-3 activity assay and its inhibitor screening. In this paper, we propose a new method for determination of caspase-3 activity and its inhibition constant by combining single molecule fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) with a microwell chip...
August 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802749/enhanced-fluorescence-detection-of-proteins-using-zno-nanowires-integrated-inside-microfluidic-chips
#20
Lingxia Guo, Yuchen Shi, Xiangfei Liu, Zhitao Han, Zhenjie Zhao, Yong Chen, Wenhui Xie, Xin Li
Nanostructure-enhanced detection is promising for a number of applications such as early cancer diagnosis, environmental monitoring and mine safety, among which nanostructures integrated microfluidic chips offers unique advantage of ultra-low quantitative analyses. Here, dense ZnO nanowires of varied diameter and length were obtained by changing the content of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and growth time via simple hydrothermal growth in microfluidic channels for protein detection. We showed that this approach was superiorly efficient compared to the conventional hydrothermal method due to the flow-induced replenishment of nutrient and the effect of shear stress...
August 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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