keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Matthew State

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#1
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449946/prescriber-continuity-and-medication-availability-in-older-adults-with-cardiometabolic-conditions
#2
Matthew L Maciejewski, Bradley G Hammill, Corrine I Voils, Laura Ding, Elizabeth A Bayliss, Lesley H Curtis, Virginia Wang
Background: Many older adults have multiple conditions and see multiple providers, which may impact their use of essential medications. Objective: We examined whether the number of prescribers of these medications was associated with the availability of medications, a surrogate for adherence, to manage diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 383,145 older adults with diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia in the US Medicare program living in 10 states...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448311/enhancing-decision-making-about-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-early-breast-cancer-following-endopredict-testing
#3
Lesley Fallowfield, Lucy Matthews, Shirley May, Valerie Jenkins, David Bloomfield
Chemotherapy side-effects can be substantial. There is increasing recognition that some oestrogen receptor positive (ER+ve), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-ve) patients with breast cancer derive no benefit from chemotherapy and experience only iatrogenic harm. Gene expression profiling tests help refine recurrence risk and likely chemotherapy benefit. EndoPredict® is one such test, which classifies risks of distant recurrence as low or high in patients treated with surgery and adjuvant endocrine therapy alone...
February 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447790/fine-particulate-matter-and-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-the-regards-cohort
#4
Matthew Shane Loop, Leslie A McClure, Emily B Levitan, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan, William L Crosson, Monika M Safford
Chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) is accepted as a causal risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). However, most of the evidence for this hypothesis is based upon cohort studies in whites, comprised of either only males or females who live in urban areas. It is possible that many estimates of the effect of chronic exposure to PM 2.5 on risk for CHD do not generalize to more diverse samples. METHODS: Therefore, we estimated the relationship between chronic exposure to PM 2...
March 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447295/progress-toward-national-estimates-of-police-use-of-force
#5
Joel H Garner, Matthew J Hickman, Ronald W Malega, Christopher D Maxwell
This research builds on three decades of effort to produce national estimates of the amount and rate of force used by law enforcement officers in the United States. Prior efforts to produce national estimates have suffered from poor and inconsistent measurements of force, small and unrepresentative samples, low survey and/or item response rates, and disparate reporting of rates of force. The present study employs data from a nationally representative survey of state and local law enforcement agencies that has a high survey response rate as well as a relatively high rate of reporting uses of force...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445947/bone-graft-materials-for-posterolateral-fusion-made-simple-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Matthew T Morris, Sandip P Tarpada, Woojin Cho
BACKGROUND: Iliac crest has long been the gold standard for lumbar fusion, but concerns over donor site morbidity have led to a wide variety of bone graft substitutes. Despite prolific research, a general consensus is yet to be reached on bone graft materials that lead to optimal fusion. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature for bone graft material options that maximize fusion rate in posterolateral lumbar fusion surgery. DESIGN: Systematic Review...
February 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442280/patient-satisfaction-with-a-chronic-kidney-disease-risk-assessment-service-in-community-pharmacies
#7
Pankti A Gheewala, Gregory M Peterson, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is an important determinant of the feasibility and sustainability of community pharmacy screening services. However, few studies have evaluated this, with no such study performed for a chronic kidney disease risk assessment service. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine patient satisfaction with a chronic kidney disease risk assessment service performed in community pharmacies. SETTING: Community pharmacies in the state of Tasmania, Australia...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440719/prefrontal-gaba-levels-hippocampal-resting-perfusion-and-the-risk-of-psychosis
#8
Gemma Modinos, Fatma Şimşek, Matilda Azis, Matthijs Bossong, Ilaria Bonoldi, Carly Samson, Beverly Quinn, Jesus Perez, Matthew R Broome, Fernando Zelaya, David J Lythgoe, Oliver D Howes, James M Stone, Anthony A Grace, Paul Allen, Philip McGuire
Preclinical models propose that the onset of psychosis is associated with hippocampal hyperactivity, thought to be driven by cortical GABAergic interneuron dysfunction and disinhibition of pyramidal neurons. Recent neuroimaging studies suggest that resting hippocampal perfusion is increased in subjects at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis, but how this may be related to GABA concentrations is unknown. The present study used a multimodal neuroimaging approach to address this issue in UHR subjects. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and pulsed-continuous arterial spin labeling imaging were acquired to investigate the relationship between medial prefrontal (MPFC) GABA+ levels (including some contribution from macromolecules) and hippocampal regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in 36 individuals at UHR of psychosis, based on preclinical evidence that MPFC dysfunction is involved in hippocampal hyperactivity...
January 30, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440508/cutting-edge-de-novo-glucocorticoid-synthesis-by-thymic-epithelial-cells-regulates-antigen-specific-thymocyte-selection
#9
Paul R Mittelstadt, Matthew D Taves, Jonathan D Ashwell
Glucocorticoid (GC) signaling in thymocytes counters negative selection and promotes the generation of a self-tolerant yet Ag-responsive T cell repertoire. Whereas circulating GC are derived from the adrenals, GC are also synthesized de novo in the thymus. The significance of this local production is unknown. In this study we deleted 11β-hydroxylase, the enzyme that catalyzes the last step of GC biosynthesis, in thymic epithelial cells (TEC) or thymocytes. Like GC receptor-deficient T cells, T cells from mice lacking TEC-derived but not thymocyte-derived GC proliferated poorly to alloantigen, had a reduced antiviral response, and exhibited enhanced negative selection...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440124/sorcs1-and-sorcs3-control-energy-balance-and-orexigenic-peptide-production
#10
Aygul Subkhangulova, Anna R Malik, Guido Hermey, Oliver Popp, Gunnar Dittmar, Thomas Rathjen, Matthew N Poy, Alexander Stumpf, Prateep Sanker Beed, Dietmar Schmitz, Tilman Breiderhoff, Thomas E Willnow
SORCS1 and SORCS3 are two related sorting receptors expressed in neurons of the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Using mouse models with individual or dual receptor deficiencies, we document a previously unknown function of these receptors in central control of metabolism. Specifically, SORCS1 and SORCS3 act as intracellular trafficking receptors for tropomyosin-related kinase B to attenuate signaling by brain-derived neurotrophic factor, a potent regulator of energy homeostasis. Loss of the joint action of SORCS1 and SORCS3 in mutant mice results in excessive production of the orexigenic neuropeptide agouti-related peptide and in a state of chronic energy excess characterized by enhanced food intake, decreased locomotor activity, diminished usage of lipids as metabolic fuel, and increased adiposity, albeit at overall reduced body weight...
February 12, 2018: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437418/violation-of-bell-s-inequality-using-continuous-variable-measurements
#11
Oliver Thearle, Jiri Janousek, Seiji Armstrong, Sara Hosseini, Melanie Schünemann Mraz, Syed Assad, Thomas Symul, Matthew R James, Elanor Huntington, Timothy C Ralph, Ping Koy Lam
A Bell inequality is a fundamental test to rule out local hidden variable model descriptions of correlations between two physically separated systems. There have been a number of experiments in which a Bell inequality has been violated using discrete-variable systems. We demonstrate a violation of Bell's inequality using continuous variable quadrature measurements. By creating a four-mode entangled state with homodyne detection, we recorded a clear violation with a Bell value of B=2.31±0.02. This opens new possibilities for using continuous variable states for device independent quantum protocols...
January 26, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435949/a-pharmacokinetic-model-for-amiodarone-in-infants-developed-from-an-opportunistic-sampling-trial-and-published-literature-data
#12
Samantha H Dallefeld, Andrew M Atz, Ram Yogev, Janice E Sullivan, Amira Al-Uzri, Susan R Mendley, Matthew Laughon, Christoph P Hornik, Chiara Melloni, Barrie Harper, Andrew Lewandowski, Jeff Mitchell, Huali Wu, Thomas P Green, Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez
Amiodarone is a first-line antiarrhythmic for life-threatening ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia in children, yet little is known about its pharmacokinetics (PK) in this population. We developed a population PK (PopPK) model using samples collected via an opportunistic study design of children receiving amiodarone per standard of care supplemented by amiodarone PK data from the literature. Both study data and literature data were predominantly from infants < 2 years old, so our analysis was restricted to this group...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434487/new-hairworm-nematomorpha-gordiida-species-described-from-the-arizona-madrean-sky-islands
#13
Rachel J Swanteson-Franz, Destinie A Marquez, Craig I Goldstein, Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Matthew G Bolek, Ben Hanelt
Gordiids, or freshwater hairworms, are members of the phylum Nematomorpha that use terrestrial definitive hosts (arthropods) and live as adults in rivers, lakes, or streams. The genus Paragordius consists of 18 species, one of which was described from the Nearctic in 1851. More than 150 years later, we are describing a second Paragordius species from a unique habitat within the Nearctic; the Madrean Sky Island complex. The Madrean Sky Islands are a series of isolated high mountains in northern Mexico and the southwestern United States (Arizona and New Mexico), and are well known for their high diversity and endemicity...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433977/high-neighborhood-incarceration-rate-is-associated-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-nonincarcerated-black-individuals
#14
Matthew L Topel, Heval M Kelli, Tené T Lewis, Sandra B Dunbar, Viola Vaccarino, Herman A Taylor, Arshed A Quyyumi
PURPOSE: To examine the association between residence in neighborhoods with high rates of incarceration and cardiometabolic disease among nonincarcerated individuals. METHODS: We used data from two community cohort studies (n = 1368) in Atlanta, Georgia-META-Health and Predictive Health (2005-2012)-to assess the association between neighborhood incarceration rate and cardiometabolic disease, adjusting for individual-level and neighborhood-level factors. We also examined the interaction between race and neighborhood incarceration rate...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430257/when-traits-match-states-examining-the-associations-between-self-report-trait-and-state-mindfulness-following-a-state-mindfulness-induction
#15
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Adam D Wilson, Katie Witkiewitz
Previous research has found inconsistent relationships between trait mindfulness and state mindfulness. To extend previous research, we sought to examine the unique associations between self-report trait mindfulness and state mindfulness by levels of meditation experience (meditation-naïve vs. meditation-experienced) and by mindfulness induction (experimentally induced mindful state vs. control group). We recruited 299 college students (93 with previous mindfulness meditation experience) to participate in an experiment that involved the assessment of five facets of trait mindfulness (among other constructs), followed by a mindfulness induction (vs...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429876/-to-be-or-not-to-be-protonated-atomic-details-of-human-carbonic-anhydrase-clinical-drug-complexes-by-neutron-crystallography-and-simulation
#16
Andrey Kovalevsky, Mayank Aggarwal, Hector Velazquez, Matthew J Cuneo, Matthew P Blakeley, Kevin L Weiss, Jeremy C Smith, S Zoë Fisher, Robert McKenna
Human carbonic anhydrases (hCAs) play various roles in cells, and have been drug targets for decades. Sequence similarities of hCA isoforms necessitate designing specific inhibitors, which requires detailed structural information for hCA-inhibitor complexes. We present room temperature neutron structures of hCA II in complex with three clinical drugs that provide in-depth analysis of drug binding, including protonation states of the inhibitors, hydration water structure, and direct visualization of hydrogen-bonding networks in the enzyme's active site...
January 29, 2018: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429007/cr-vi-reduction-and-physiological-toxicity-are-impacted-by-resource-ratio-in-desulfovibrio-vulgaris
#17
Lauren C Franco, Sadie Steinbeisser, Grant M Zane, Judy D Wall, Matthew W Fields
Desulfovibrio spp. are capable of heavy metal reduction and are well-studied systems for understanding metal fate and transport in anaerobic environments. Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough was grown under environmentally relevant conditions (i.e., temperature, nutrient limitation) to elucidate the impacts on Cr(VI) reduction on cellular physiology. Growth at 20 °C was slower than 30 °C and the presence of 50 μM Cr(VI) caused extended lag times for all conditions, but once growth resumed the growth rate was similar to that without Cr(VI)...
February 10, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428774/affect-labeling-and-other-aspects-of-emotional-experiences-in-relation-to-alexithymia-following-standardized-emotion-inductions
#18
Rachel V Aaron, Matthew A Snodgress, Scott D Blain, Sohee Park
Alexithymia is associated with increased risk for mental and physical health disorders but available assessments rely exclusively on self-report. The major aim of the current study was to develop and implement a performance-based task designed to characterize and quantify the relationship between one's description of emotional experience and self-reported alexithymia. Specifically, we examined performance-based measures of affect labeling of one's own emotions, emotional granularity and dialecticism. Healthy participants (N = 108) completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 Item Questionnaire...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428694/weekend-woodsmen-overview-and-comparison-of-injury-patterns-associated-with-power-saw-and-axe-utilization-in-the-united-states
#19
Yoginee Sritharen, Matthew C Hernandez, Martin D Zielinski, Johnathon M Aho
INTRODUCTION: Power saw and axe injuries are associated with significant morbidity and are increasingly managed in the emergency department (ED). However, these injuries have not been summarily reported in the literature. We aim to evaluate and compare the common injury patterns seen with use of power saws and axes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System- All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) database was analyzed during 2006 to 2016...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427689/food-insecurity-diet-quality-and-body-mass-index-of-women-participating-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-the-role-of-intrapersonal-home-environment-community-and-social-factors
#20
Namrata Sanjeevi, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, Matthew Hersh
Obesity is a public health problem that disproportionately affects low-income populations. Moreover, participation in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been associated with obesity among low-income women. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of intrapersonal, home environment, community and social factors on diet quality and body mass index (BMI) of low-income women participating in SNAP. This study also aimed to examine the role of these factors in mediating the relationship between food insecurity and diet quality, and BMI...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
keyword
keyword
99479
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"