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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818417/referral-for-expert-physical-activity-counseling-a-pragmatic-rct
#1
Erica L James, Ben D Ewald, Natalie A Johnson, Fiona G Stacey, Wendy J Brown, Elizabeth G Holliday, Mark Jones, Fan Yang, Charlotte Hespe, Ronald C Plotnikoff
INTRODUCTION: Primary care physicians are well placed to offer physical activity counseling, but insufficient time is a barrier. Referral to an exercise specialist is an alternative. In Australia, exercise specialists are publicly funded to provide face-to-face counseling to patients who have an existing chronic illness. This trial aimed to (1) determine the efficacy of primary care physicians' referral of insufficiently active patients for counseling to increase physical activity, compared with usual care, and (2) compare the efficacy of face-to-face counseling with counseling predominantly via telephone...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817966/attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#2
Christine A Vaughan, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Tamara Dubowitz
Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) prevent and reduce chronic disease. Social cognitive theory delineates multiple attitudes and barriers that influence these behaviors. Understanding covariation in these attitudes and barriers is complex. We examined whether individuals could be grouped into a small number of categories that are easier to study. Interviews were conducted with 982 adults from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in the same city. Social cognitive constructs, including self-efficacy, social norms, and internal and external barriers to diet and exercise, and walking were self-reported...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817856/back-to-basics-the-effect-of-healthy-diet-and-exercise-on-chronic-disease-management
#3
Robert L Allison
INTRODUCTION: The increase in obesity rates in the U.S. and other less developed industrial countries have led to a worldwide epidemic of chronic disease states. Increased obesity rates are implicated in the treatment failures for illnesses such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension and cancer. Effective prevention of obesity through diet and exercise contributes to the successful medical management of multiple chronic disease states. OBJECTIVE: Review the last 10 years of literature (2006-2016) on the effects of diet and exercise as they relate to the prevention of chronic disease...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810977/moving-beyond-accidental-leadership-a-graduate-medical-education-leadership-curriculum-needs-assessment
#4
Joshua D Hartzell, Clifton E Yu, Brian M Cohee, Michael R Nelson, Ramey L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Despite calls for greater physician leadership, few medical schools, and graduate medical education programs provide explicit training on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to be an effective physician leader. Rather, most leaders develop through what has been labeled "accidental leadership." A survey was conducted at Walter Reed to define the current status of leadership development and determine what learners and faculty perceived as key components of a leadership curriculum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810433/ultra-brief-non-expert-delivered-defusion-and-acceptance-exercises-for-food-cravings-a-partial-replication-study
#5
Lee Hulbert-Williams, Nick J Hulbert-Williams, Wendy Nicholls, Sian Williamson, Jivone Poonia, Kevin D Hochard
Food cravings are a common barrier to losing weight. This article presents a randomised comparison of non-expert group-delivered ultra-brief defusion and acceptance interventions against a distraction control. A total of 63 participants were asked to carry a bag of chocolates for a week while trying to resist the temptation to eat them. A behavioural rebound measure was administered. Each intervention out-performed control in respect of consumption, but not cravings. These techniques may have a place in the clinical management of food cravings...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810385/is-a-general-or-specific-exercise-recommendation-more-effective-for-promoting-physical-activity-among-postpartum-mothers
#6
Emily L Mailey, Wei-Wen Hsu
This comparative effectiveness trial examined the effects of a behavior change intervention supplemented by a general or specific exercise recommendation on physical activity among postpartum mothers. Participants ( N = 49) attended three workshop sessions that provided the exercise recommendation and taught self-regulatory skills. Physical activity, self-efficacy, planning, and barriers were assessed at baseline, post-intervention, and 6-month follow-up. Self-reported physical activity increased significantly in both groups ( p < ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807651/recommendations-for-the-prescription-of-physical-exercise-for-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#7
Mariano Tomás Flórez García, Loreto Carmona, Raquel Almodóvar, César Fernández de Las Peñas, Fernando García Pérez, M Ángeles Pérez Manzanero, José Manuel García García, Lidón Soriano Segarra, José Fernando Jiménez Díaz, Nuria Mendoza Laiz, Eugenio de Miguel Mendieta, Juan Carlos Torre Alonso, Luis Francisco Linares Ferrando, Eduardo Collantes Estévez, Jesús Sanz Sanz, Pedro Zarco Montejo
OBJECTIVE: To develop expert-based recommendations on physical activity and exercise for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Two discussion groups, one of physical therapists, rehabilitation physicians, and professionals of physical activity and sports, and another of rheumatologists interested in SpA, were held to discuss the results of a survey of rheumatologists on exercise and two focus groups with patients on barriers to exercise. Preliminary recommendations were drafted...
August 11, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795013/management-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-and-adolescents-engaging-in-physical-activity
#8
REVIEW
Silpa Nadella, Justin A Indyk, Manmohan K Kamboj
Regular physical activity is an important component in the management of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM), as it has the potential to improve glycemic control, delay cardiovascular complications, and increase overall well-being. Unfortunately, many children and adolescents with diabetes do not partake in regular exercise and physical activity for multiple reasons. This review identifies the barriers to participation from the aspect of the patient, caregiver, and the healthcare provider...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791969/barriers-to-utilization-of-cataract-surgical-services-in-ekiti-state-south-western-nigeria
#9
C O Fadamiro, K O Ajite
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the barriers to utilization of cataract surgery in Ekiti State, south western Nigeria. METHODS: A semistructured questionnaire was used to extract relevant data from cataract patients seen during six episodes of free eye screening conducted quarterly across the three senatorial districts of the state for a 15-month period. The questionnaire contains relevant biodata and reasons why the patients did not utilized facilities for routine cataract surgery prior to the screening exercise...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#10
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766098/perceived-barriers-and-preferred-components-for-physical-activity-interventions-in-african-american-survivors-of-breast-or-endometrial-cancer-with-type-2-diabetes-the-s-u-c-c-e-s-s-framework
#11
Kristin Z Black, La-Shell Johnson, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Lavanya Gupta, Aditi Sundaresan, Wanda K Nicholson
PURPOSE: African-American (AA) female cancer survivors share a disproportionate burden of diabetes compared to their white counterparts. Our objectives were to explore the perspectives of AA survivors with type 2 diabetes on perceived barriers to physical activity (PA) and preferences for a PA intervention and develop a framework for a PA program after cancer treatment. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted semi-structured interviews with AA survivors of breast or endometrial cancer with diabetes (total n = 20; 16 breast, 4 endometrial)...
August 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764783/preferences-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-among-knee-replacement-patients-implications-for-a-patient-centered-weight-loss-intervention
#12
Christine A Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A Hoffman, Rowland W Chang, Kenzie A Cameron
BACKGROUND: Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify knee replacement patient preferences for weight loss programs and qualitatively understand previous motives for weight loss attempts as well as strategies used to facilitate behavior changes. METHODS: Patients who were either scheduled to have knee replacement or had one recently completed within the last 3 months were recruited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#13
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760185/fall-related-comorbidity-and-health-beliefs-among-cancer-survivors-participating-in-a-community-based-exercise-intervention
#14
Silvie Grote, Naomi N Modeste, Diadrey-Anne Sealy, Salem Dehom, Heather P Tarleton
OBJECTIVES: Health beliefs (HB) and fall and balance-related outcomes were examined following a 26-week community-based exercise intervention among cancer survivors (CS). METHODS: Fall and balance-related measures and HB were quantitatively and qualitatively examined during a 26-week intervention among CS (N = 33). Of the 33 participants, 28 consented to an interview about their physical activity (PA) behavior. RESULTS: Participants scored high on balance efficacy (median ± range = 8...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749566/the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-physical-activity-among-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-regional-sport-participants
#15
Claudie Péloquin, Thomas Doering, Stephanie Alley, Amanda Rebar
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health perspectives between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are major concerns in many of the world's well-developed nations. Indigenous populations are largely less healthy, more prone to chronic diseases, and have an earlier overall mortality than non-Indigenous populations. Low levels of physical activity (PA) contribute to the high levels of disease in Indigenous Australians. METHOD: Qualitative analysis of structured one-on-one interviews discussing PA in a regional setting...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748107/study-protocol-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-for-a-loaded-self-managed-exercise-programme-for-patellofemoral-pain
#16
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O Smith, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most common forms of knee pain in adults under the age of 40, with a prevalence of 23% in the general population. The long-term prognosis is poor, with only one third of people pain-free 1 year after diagnosis. The biomedical model of pain in relation to persistent PFP has recently been called into question. It has been suggested that interventions for chronic musculoskeletal conditions should consider alternative mechanisms of action, beyond muscles and joints...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746893/in-vitro-vascular-toxicity-of-tariquidar-a-potential-tool-for-in-vivo-pet-studies
#17
Miriam Durante, Maria Frosini, Fabio Fusi, Annalisa Neri, Claudia Sticozzi, Simona Saponara
The P-glicoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor tariquidar is used to detect functional alterations of blood brain barrier pumps in PET imaging. The doses required, however, up to 4-fold higher than those already used in clinical trials to reverse multidrug resistance, cause syncopal episode and hypotension. Therefore, the effects of these doses toward the vasculature were investigated and an in-depth analysis of tariquidar-mediated effects on A7r5 and EA.hy926 cells viability, on the mechanical activity of freshly and cultured rat aorta rings and on L-type Ca(2+) current [ICa(L)] of A7r5 cells has been performed...
July 23, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741186/effects-of-caffeine-supplementation-on-performance-in-ball-games
#18
REVIEW
Jingyi Shannon Chia, Laura Ann Barrett, Jia Yi Chow, Stephen Francis Burns
Although a large body of evidence exists documenting the ergogenic properties of caffeine, most studies have focused on endurance performance. However, findings from endurance sports cannot be generalized to performance in ball games where, apart from having a high level of endurance, successful athletic performances require a combination of physiological, technical and cognitive capabilities. The purpose of this review was to critically evaluate studies that have examined the effect of a single dose of caffeine in isolation on one or more of the following performance measures: total distance, sprint performance, agility, vertical jump performance and accuracy in ball games...
July 24, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736511/effects-of-methylsulfonylmethane-msm-on-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-muscle-damage-and-pain-following-a-half-marathon-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Eric D Withee, Kimberly M Tippens, Regina Dehen, Deanne Tibbitts, Douglas Hanes, Heather Zwickey
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and muscle damage occur during exhaustive bouts of exercise, and many runners report pain and soreness as major influences on changes or breaks in training regimens, creating a barrier to training persistence. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a sulfur-based nutritional supplement that is purported to have pain and inflammation-reducing effects. To investigate the effects of MSM in attenuating damage associated with physical exertion, this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of MSM supplementation on exercise-induced pain, oxidative stress and muscle damage...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728037/including-the-online-feedback-site-patient-opinion-in-the-nursing-curriculum-exploratory-study
#20
Ray Jones, Kim Young, James Munro, Heather Miller, Stephanie Brelsford, Jennie Aronsson, Benny Goodman, Jane Peters
BACKGROUND: Globally, universities aim to involve people who use health services to enrich the nursing curriculum for students, but there can be barriers to this involvement. Many also want students to contribute to local communities. Online communication can help connect students to service users to achieve these aims. The online British patient feedback site, Patient Opinion, gathers comments from service users about services and encourages service responses to the comments. OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of five ways of including Patient Opinion in the undergraduate nursing curriculum...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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