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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108993/experience-from-a-multi-country-initiative-to-improve-the-monitoring-of-selected-reproductive-health-indicators-in-africa
#1
Maria Barreix, Özge Tunçalp, Namuunda Mutombo, Ayotunde A Adegboyega, Lale Say
Universal access to sexual and reproductive health remains part of the unfinished business of global development in the Africa. To achieve it, health interventions should be monitored using programmatic indicators. WHO's Strengthening Measurement of Reproductive Health Indicators in Africa initiative, implemented in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, aimed to improve national information systems for routine monitoring of reproductive health indicators. Participating countries developed action plans employing a two-pronged strategy: (1) revising, standardizing, and harmonizing existing information-system reproductive health indicators; and (2) building data-collection capacity through training and supervision at select pilot sites...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097926/a-pilot-study-of-a-minimally-supervised-home-exercise-and-walking-program-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-jordan
#2
Hanan Khalil, Monica Busse, Lori Quinn, Mohammad Nazzal, Waleed Batyha, Shatha Alkhazaleh, Mahmoud A Alomari
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and cultural considerations of a minimally supervised, home-based exercise program in Jordan. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either an 8-week intervention group (n = 16), or a standard care group (n = 14). The intervention incorporated the home use of an exercise DVD, walking program and initial instructional sessions and weekly phone calls provided by a physiotherapist...
January 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#3
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092144/exergaming-boxing-versus-heavy-bag-boxing-are-these-equipotent-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Maziah Mat Rosly, Hadi Mat Rosly, Nazirah Hasnan, Glen M Davis, Ruby Husain
BACKGROUND: Current strategies for increased physical activity and exercise in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) face many challenges with regards to maintaining their continuity of participation. Barriers cited often include problems with accessing facilities, mundane, monotonous or boring exercises and expensive equipment that is often not adapted for wheelchair users. AIM: To compare the physiological responses and user preferences between conventional heavy bag boxing against a novel form of video game boxing, known as exergaming boxing...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076256/statin-therapy-as-primary-prevention-in-exercising-adults-best-evidence-for-avoiding-myalgia
#5
N John Bosomworth
INTRODUCTION: This review aims to determine whether active adults who begin statins and develop myalgia reduce or stop activity to become less symptomatic. If this occurs, strategies to mitigate symptoms are explored. Should these strategies fail, the question of whether exercise is an adequate alternative to statin therapy is addressed. METHODS: PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Database were searched with keywords designed to retrieve information on statin myopathy in exercising adults...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074681/community-based-exercise-in-the-context-of-hiv
#7
Anna Li, Taylor McCabe, Erin Silverstein, Stephanie Dragan, Nancy M Salbach, Mehdi Zobeiry, Sarah Beldick, Chris Godi, Kelly K O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors to consider for developing and implementing a community-based exercise (CBE) program for people living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews with PLWH, rehabilitation professionals, and recreation providers from Canada and the United Kingdom. We asked participants to describe their experience with exercise, facilitators, and barriers to accessing and participating in exercise, and factors to consider in developing a CBE program for PLWH...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069249/barriers-to-intensive-care-unit-nurses-autonomy-in-iran-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study
#8
Maryam AllahBakhshian, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Fariba Taleghani, Ahmadreza Yazdan Nik, Saeed Abbasi, Leila Gholizadeh
BACKGROUND: The acute nature of the intensive care unit (ICU) environment necessitates that urgent clinical decisions are frequently made by the health care team. Therefore, it is important that critical care nurses have the authority to make decisions about their patient care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceived barriers to the practice of professional autonomy from the perspectives of ICU nurses in Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 28 critical care nurses were interviewed using a semistructured in-depth interview method...
December 20, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063504/the-metabolite-beta-aminoisobutyric-acid-and-physical-inactivity-among-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Alessio Molfino, Maria Ida Amabile, Thomas Ammann, Alessio Farcomeni, Luana Lionetto, Maurizio Simmaco, Silvia Lai, Alessandro Laviano, Filippo Rossi Fanelli, Maria Grazia Chiappini, Maurizio Muscaritoli
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is frequent in patients on hemodialysis (HD), and represents a reliable predictor of morbidity and mortality. Beta-aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) is a contraction-induced myokine, the plasma levels of which increase with exercise and are inversely associated with metabolic risk factors. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether physical inactivity and clinical parameters relate to plasma BAIBA levels in this patient population. METHODS: Adult patients on HD were included, and the presence of physical inactivity was assessed...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062324/a-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-post-thoracotomy
#10
REVIEW
Amy J Hoffman, Ruth Ann Brintnall
OBJECTIVES: There are no evidenced-based rehabilitative guidelines for postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This qualitative study provides evidence on the acceptability of an effective postsurgical exercise intervention targeting the self-management of cancer-related fatigue to fill this gap. DATA SOURCES: Qualitative perspective of 37 individuals randomized to a 6-week exercise program following hospital discharge post-thoracotomy for NSCLC...
January 3, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056912/perceived-barriers-to-achieving-a-healthy-weight-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-groups-at-public-and-private-schools-in-guatemala-city
#11
Luisa Madrigal, Inez Adams, Violeta Chacon, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Overweight prevalence among Guatemalan girls is higher in public than in private schools. Little is known about adolescent girls' perceptions of the right ways to achieve a healthy weight. This study examines public and private school adolescent girls' perceptions of a "healthy weight," and barriers and facilitators to achieving it. METHODS: We conducted 4 focus groups in public and private schools in Guatemala City with girls from 13 to 15 years old...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#12
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042887/-just-not-for-me-contributing-factors-to-non-attendance-non-completion-at-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-a-qualitative-enquiry
#13
Oliver Rudolf Herber, Karen Smith, Myra White, Martyn C Jones
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore what reasons do non-attenders and non-completers give for their patterns of participation or non-participation in cardiac rehabilitation programmes and how future uptake could be enhanced. BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation is a cost effective clinical intervention designed for adults with acute coronary syndrome. Despite evidence from meta-analyses demonstrating that cardiac rehabilitation programmes facilitate physical and psychological recovery from acute coronary syndrome, only 20 to 50% of eligible patients attend Phase III outpatient programmes...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039296/effectiveness-of-senior-dance-on-risk-factors-for-falls-in-older-adults-danse-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Marcia R Franco, Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Leani S Pereira, Monica R Perracini, Claudia R S Faria, Rafael Z Pinto, Carlos M Pastre
INTRODUCTION: Strong evidence shows that exercise is effective to improve fall risk factors among older people. However, older people's participation and adherence to exercise programmes is suboptimal. Type of exercise and apathy are reported to be barriers to exercise participation, suggesting that new effective interventions are needed. The primary aim of this randomised controlled trial is to investigate the effect of Senior Dance plus brief education for falls prevention on balance among people aged 60 years or over, compared with a control group receiving only brief education...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030847/swimming-attenuates-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-chronic-colitis
#15
Ling Qin, Zhi-Qiang Yao, Qi Chang, Ya-Li Zhao, Ning-Ning Liu, Xiao-Shan Zhu, Qin-Qin Liu, Li-Feng Wang, An-Gang Yang, Chun-Fang Gao, Jun-Tang Li
Increasing evidence suggests that regular physical exercise suppresses chronic inflammation. However, the potential inhibitory effects of swimming on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced chronic colitis, and its underlying mechanisms, remain unclear. In this study, rats were orally administered DSS to induce chronic colitis, and subsequently treated with or without swimming exercise. A 7-week swimming program (1 or 1.5 hours per day, 5 days per week) ameliorated DSS-caused colon shortening, colon barrier disruption, spleen enlargement, serum LDH release, and reduction of body weight gain...
December 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024123/prevalence-of-weight-loss-attempts-and-behaviors-used-by-individuals-with-psoriasis-in-the-united-states-population
#16
Patrick B Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To examine weight loss behaviors of individuals with psoriasis in the American population and compare them to individuals without psoriasis. METHODS: An analysis of data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was conducted. A total of 9,174 Americans were included, with 232 self-reporting psoriasis. Measures included weight history and subjective physical activity, as well as the prevalence of weight loss attempts and weight loss behaviors over the past 12 months...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012121/triathlon-training-for-women-breast-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-initial-efficacy
#17
Alexander V Ng, Alyson N Cybulski, Ashley A Engel, Paula E Papanek, Megan A Sheffer, Leslie J Waltke, Judy A Tjoe
: ᅟ: Exercise can improve quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors. In contrast to many group or home-based exercise programs, little is known about the effectiveness of goal-oriented recreational activities. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a clinically overseen team triathlon training program on improving physiological and psychosocial health-related measures in female breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Twenty-three participants (age = 48 (8), BMI = 25 (1), mean (SE)) were recruited from a 14-week sprint triathlon (800-m swim, 20-km bike, 5-km run) team training program for women breast cancer survivors (4 (3) years post-surgery, chemo-, or radiation-therapy)...
December 24, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011815/barriers-facilitators-strategies-and-outcomes-to-engaging-policymakers-healthcare-managers-and-policy-analysts-in-knowledge-synthesis-a-scoping-review-protocol
#18
Andrea C Tricco, Wasifa Zarin, Patricia Rios, Ba' Pham, Sharon E Straus, Etienne V Langlois
INTRODUCTION: Engaging policymakers, healthcare managers and policy analysts in the conduct of knowledge synthesis can help increase its impact. This is particularly important for knowledge synthesis studies commissioned by decision-makers with limited timelines, as well as reviews of health policy and systems research. A scoping review will be conducted to assess barriers, facilitators, strategies and outcomes of engaging these individuals in the knowledge synthesis process. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will follow the Joanna Briggs Institute guidance for scoping reviews...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008778/physical-activity-during-and-after-adjuvant-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#19
Maria Browall, Sara Mijwel, Helen Rundqvist, Yvonne Wengström
BACKGROUND: In oncology, physical activity (PA) is recognized to improve psychological and physiological functions. Motivating women with breast cancer to sustain a physically active lifestyle is important for promoting positive health after diagnosis. To review and synthesize what is known about how women with breast cancer experience supervised and unsupervised PA during and after adjuvant treatment. PubMed, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched, yielding 994 citations. The final review included 17 articles published between 2004 and 2014 in English...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004526/exercise-therapy-in-oncology-rehabilitation-in-australia-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Amy M Dennett, Casey L Peiris, Nora Shields, Delwyn Morgan, Nicholas F Taylor
AIM: Oncology rehabilitation improves outcomes for cancer survivors but little is known about program availability in Australia. The aims of this study were: to describe oncology rehabilitation programs in Australia: determine whether the exercise component of programs is consistent with guidelines: and to explore barriers and facilitators to program implementation. METHODS: A sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was completed in two phases: (1) a survey of Australian oncology rehabilitation programs; and (2) purposively sampled follow-up semistructured interviews with senior clinicians working in oncology rehabilitation who were involved with exercise prescription...
December 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
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