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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474803/exercise-and-taurine-in-inflammation-cognition-and-peripheral-markers-of-blood-brain-barrier-integrity-in-older-women
#1
Matheus Uba Chupel, Luciele Guerra Minuzzi, Guilherme E Furtado, Mário Leonardo Santos, Eef Hogervorst, Edith Filaire, Ana Maria Teixeira
Immunosenescence contribute to increase the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, leading cognitive impairment and neurodegeneration. Thus, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of exercise and taurine supplementation on peripheral markers of blood-brain barrier, inflammation, and cognition of elderly women. Forty-eight elderly women (83.58±6.9 years) participated in the study, and were allocated into combined exercise training (CET: n=13), taurine supplementation (TAU: n=12), exercise training associated with taurine (CET+TAU: n=11), or control group (CG: n=12)...
February 23, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468346/drivers-of-sexual-inactivity-among-women-living-with-hiv-and-aids-findings-of-the-genih-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#2
Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Regina Maria Barbosa, Sandra Brignol, Wilza Villela, Simone Souza Monteiro
The advances on HIV/AIDS diagnosis and treatment have enabled people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) better quality of life. However, the persistence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and the risks triggered by HIV disclosure, may be a barrier to the sexual exercise of PLHA. We investigated the prevalence of sexual inactivity and the reasons given for it among a representative sample of women of reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil. We surveyed 918 WLWHA with probability proportional to average number of visits in each of the 18 referral HIV/AIDS services...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464137/podcast-use-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#3
Alvin Chin, Anton Helman, Teresa M Chan
Introduction Podcasts have become increasingly popular as a medium for free open access medical education (FOAM). However, little research has examined the use of these extracurricular audio podcasts as tools in undergraduate medical education. We aimed to examine knowledge retention, usage conditions, and preferences of undergraduate medical students at a Canadian university interacting with extracurricular podcasts. Methods Students enrolled in the undergraduate medical program at McMaster University volunteered to participate in this study...
December 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462829/-evaluation-of-velopharyngeal-closing-pressure-during-trumpet-play-with-high-resolution-manometry
#4
Daniela Kühn, Martin Ptok, Michael Jungheim
OBJECTIVE: In about one-third of brass instrumentalists, there are stress-related insufficiencies of velopharyngeal closure (VPC), i. e. the intraoral pressure exceeds the barrier formed by the VPC. Here, it was the aim to measure the VPC closing pressure while playing a trumpet and to evaluate the influence of a 30 minute stress sequence on the muscular activities in the VPC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sample: 6 healthy volunteers; task: to play the sound h1 for 5 seconds with 85 dB(A) and with 100 dB(A)...
February 20, 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462186/lack-of-infrastructure-social-and-cultural-factors-limit-physical-activity-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-qualitative-study
#5
Arjuna Medagama, Manoj Galgomuwa
INTRODUCTION: South Asians have high prevalence of diabetes, increased cardiovascular risk and low levels of physical activity (PA). Reasons for low levels of PA have not previously been explored among Asians living within their endogenous environment. This qualitative study was performed to explore the contextual reasons that limited PA among type 2 diabetic patients living in a rural community. METHODS: Purposeful sampling recruited 40 participants with long standing type 2 diabetes for this qualitative study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457147/a-scoping-review-of-health-outcomes-examined-in-randomized-controlled-trials-using-guided-imagery
#6
Peter R Giacobbi, Jonathan Stewart, Keeley Chaffee, Anna-Marie Jaeschke, Meagan Stabler, George A Kelley
Introduction: Guided imagery involves the controlled visualization of detailed mental images. This integrative health technique is used for healing, health maintenance, or the treatment of specific conditions. Guided imagery is an integral part of mindfulness meditation, hypnosis, and various relaxation exercises. However, evidence to support the widespread use and dissemination of guided imagery interventions has been lacking. The purposes of this scoping review were to document the scope of health outcomes and disease processes examined by guided imagery researchers and the journal outlets where this work has been published...
December 2017: Progress in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454318/points-based-physical-activity-a-novel-approach-to-facilitate-changes-in-body-composition-in-inactive-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#7
Adrian Holliday, Alice Burgin, Elyzabeth Vargas Fernandez, Sally A M Fenton, Frank Thielecke, Andrew K Blannin
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) interventions for the promotion of weight-management may benefit from increased choice and flexibility to overcome commonly-perceived barriers to PA. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel "points-based" approach to PA on body composition in inactive women, who are overweight or obese. METHODS: Seventy-six overweight or obese, inactive women were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: 'Points-based' PA (PBPA; 30 "PA points"•week- 1 ), Structured exercise (StructEx; 150 min moderate-intensity exercise•week- 1 ) or control (CONT; continue habitual inactive lifestyle) for a 24-week intervention...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449162/is-video-based-education-an-effective-method-in-surgical-education-a-systematic-review
#8
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447492/physiotherapists-management-of-challenging-situations-in-guiding-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-to-health-enhancing-physical-activity
#9
Thomas Nessen, Christina H Opava, Cathrin Martin, Ingrid Demmelmaier
OBJECTIVES: To explore strategies used by physiotherapists (PTs) in guiding people with rheumatoid arthritis to health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) in a group setting during a 1-year intervention study. METHODS: Exploratory design with qualitative video analysis performed in three steps. Eleven female PTs were video recorded while leading support group sessions aiming at facilitating HEPA (twice-weekly exercise sessions at public gyms and 150 weekly minutes of moderately intense aerobic physical activity)...
February 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444784/a-scoping-review-protocol-to-map-the-evidence-on-interventions-to-prevent-overweight-and-obesity-in-children
#10
Peer-Benedikt Vincent Bussiek, Chiara De Poli, Gwyn Bevan
INTRODUCTION: Obesity has become one of the biggest public health problems of the 21st century. Prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents has increased dramatically worldwide over the last 20 years, and this trend is expected to continue. Obesity in childhood is concerning as it predicts obesity in adulthood, a common risk factor for a wide array of chronic diseases and poor health outcomes. Obesity is preventable and a vast but fragmented body of evidence on preventative interventions is now available...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441402/-left-to-my-own-devices-i-don-t-know-using-theory-and-patient-reported-barriers-to-move-from-physical-activity-recommendations-to-practice
#11
C Ziebart, C McArthur, L Lee, A Papaioannou, J Laprade, A M Cheung, R Jain, L Giangregorio
Knowledge exchange with community-dwelling individuals across Ontario revealed barriers to implementation of physical activity recommendations that reflected capability, opportunity, and motivation; barriers unique to individuals with osteoporosis include fear of fracturing, trust in providers, and knowledge of exercise terminology. Using the Behaviour Change Wheel, we identified interventions (training, education, modeling) and policy categories (communication/marketing, guidelines, service provision). INTRODUCTION: Physical activity recommendations exist for individuals with osteoporosis; however, to change behavior, we must address barriers and facilitators to their implementation...
February 13, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440877/psychometric-properties-and-assessment-of-the-osteoporosis-health-belief-scale-among-the-general-arabic-population
#12
Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Any educational program should be implemented with a good understanding of the population's beliefs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to validate the Arabic version of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS-A) and assess the osteoprotective attitude among the Iraqi population. Methods: A cross-sectional design, with a random cluster sampling method from the community, was used. The forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435448/toward-a-tiered-model-to-share-clinical-trial-data-and-samples-in-precision-oncology
#13
Stefanie Broes, Denis Lacombe, Michiel Verlinden, Isabelle Huys
The recent revolution in science and technology applied to medical research has left in its wake a trial of biomedical data and human samples; however, its opportunities remain largely unfulfilled due to a number of legal, ethical, financial, strategic, and technical barriers. Precision oncology has been at the vanguard to leverage this potential of "Big data" and samples into meaningful solutions for patients, considering the need for new drug development approaches in this area (due to high costs, late-stage failures, and the molecular diversity of cancer)...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432357/perspectives-of-oncology-nurses-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-turkey-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Zehra Gok Metin, Nur Izgu, Canan Karadas, Ayse Arikan Donmez
In Turkey, between 22.1% and 84.1% of patients with cancer use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, few CAM-related studies have focused on the perspective of oncology nurses. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Turkish oncology nurses regarding CAM. A descriptive cross-sectional survey of 127 participants was conducted in Ankara, Turkey. A semistructured questionnaire including characteristics, knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oncology nurses toward CAM was administered to participants...
March 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431125/follow-your-virtual-trainer-fyvt-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-it-based-lifestyle-intervention-programme-to-promote-physical-activity-and-health-among-middle-aged-hong-kong-chinese
#15
Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Yao Jie Xie, Ron Chi-Wai Kwok, Eric Wing-Cheung Tam, Winnie Wing Sze Mak, Phoenix Kit-Han Mo
INTRODUCTION: Hong Kong is a highly urbanised city where many people work long hours. The limited time and lack of professional instruction are the typical barriers to exercise. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of an information technology-based lifestyle intervention programme on improving physical activity (PA) level and health status in a sample of middle-aged Hong Kong adults. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial named 'Follow Your Virtual Trainer' will be conducted among 200 physically inactive Chinese adults aged from 40 to 65 years...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430052/-i-didn-t-pay-her-to-teach-me-how-to-fix-my-back-a-focused-ethnographic-study-exploring-chiropractors-and-chiropractic-patients-experiences-and-beliefs-regarding-exercise-adherence
#16
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
Aim: To inform future research and exercise prescription for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), this study explored chiropractors' and chiropractic patients' experiences and beliefs regarding the barriers and facilitators to prescribed exercise adherence. Methods: A focused ethnographic approach was used involving 16 semi-structured interviews, including pilot interviews (n = 4) followed by interviews with chiropractors (n = 6) and chiropractic patients with CLBP (n = 6)...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429311/management-of-faecal-incontinence
#17
John Guinane, Rosie Crone
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence significantly affects a patient's quality of life, and limited research has been conducted into effective interventions that are specific to residential aged care. Australian and New Zealand prevalence data indicate a general faecal incontinence rate of 12-13% in older adults and up to 50% in residential aged care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the suggested initial investigation and management of faecal incontinence in older adults residing in residential aged care...
January 2018: Aust J Gen Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425472/the-use-of-field-triage-in-disaster-and-mass-casualty-incidents-a-survey-of-current-practices-by-ems-personnel
#18
Kevin Ryan, Douglas George, James Liu, Patricia Mitchell, Kerrie Nelson, Ricky Kue
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incident (MCI) triage and the use of triage tags to assign treatment priorities are not fully implemented despite emergency medical services (EMS) personnel training during drills and exercises. OBJECTIVES: To compare current field triage practices during both training and actual MCIs and identify any potential barriers to use. METHODS: During training sessions from November 2015 through March 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed to personnel in 3 distinct types of paid full-time EMS systems: Boston EMS (2-tiered, municipal third-service); Portland Fire Department (fire department-based ALS); and Stokes County EMS (county-based ALS) combined with Forsyth County EMS (county-based ALS)...
February 9, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421942/autonomous-motivation-and-quality-of-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#19
Raquel Costa, Tânia Bastos, Michel Probst, André Seabra, Estela Vilhena, Rui Corredeira
AIM: Being physically active is a complex behaviour in patients with schizophrenia. Several factors were identified as barriers to achieving active behaviours in this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate among a number of barriers what predicts the most on physical activity (PA) in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 114 patients (28♀) with schizophrenia were included. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Autonomous and controlled motivation (Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire - 3), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-esteem scale), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale - Brief version) and functional exercise capacity (6-minute walk test - 6MWT) were evaluated...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413948/understanding-physical-activity-promotion-in-physiotherapy-practice-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anna Lowe, Chris Littlewood, Sionnadh McLean
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is a major public health issue and healthcare professionals are encouraged to promote physical activity during routine patient contacts in order to reduce non-communicable diseases and enhance individuals' quality of life. Little is known about physical activity promotion in physiotherapy practice in the UK. The aim of this study was to better understand physiotherapists' experience of physical activity promotion in clinical practice. DESIGN: A qualitative study was undertaken comprising 12 telephone interviews with participants using a quota sampling approach...
January 30, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
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