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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338407/optimizing-a-retention-strategy-with-young-people-for-brightlight-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-examining-the-value-of-specialist-cancer-care-for-young-people
#1
Rachel M Taylor, Natasha Aslam, Sarah Lea, Jeremy S Whelan, Lorna A Fern
PURPOSE: To maximize retention of participants in a longitudinal cohort study, we sought to understand young peoples' views about barriers and facilitators to continuing study participation. METHODS: Ten young people with a previous cancer diagnosis aged 15-24 participated in a 1 day workshop. The workshop used participatory methodology consisting of three exercises as follows: role play/scene setting; force field analysis of research participation in small groups; and focus group discussion...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338385/self-regulatory-imagery-and-physical-activity-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-social-cognitive-perspective
#2
Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming, Sarah E Williams
Limited research has investigated exercise imagery use in middle-aged and older adults and its relationship with affective and behavioural correlates. The study examined the association between self-regulatory imagery and physical activity (PA) through key social cognitive variables. Middle-aged and older adults (N = 299; Mage = 59.73 years, SD = 7.73, range = 50 to 80) completed self-report measures assessing self-regulatory imagery use, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, perceived barriers, self-regulatory behaviour, enjoyment, and PA levels...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337091/a-survey-of-disposition-of-physicians-towards-physical-activity-promotion-at-two-tertiary-hospitals-in-north-eastern-nigeria
#3
A Y Oyeyemi, R B Usman, A L Oyeyemi
BACKGROUND: A general presumption is that any advice from physicians would likely be taken seriously by patients, and patients are more likely to see their doctors in the event of any health complaints than any other health professionals. The perceptions and practice of Nigerian physicians on their role in physical activity promotion are not well known. This study aimed to determine the knowledge of physical activity message, confidence, role perceptions, barriers and feasibility of physical activity promotion among physicians in two tertiary health institutions in North-Eastern Nigeria...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335690/promoting-physical-activity-after-stroke-via-self-management-a-feasibility-study
#4
Elisabeth Preston, Catherine M Dean, Louise Ada, Rosalyn Stanton, Sandy Brauer, Suzanne Kuys, Gordon Waddington
BACKGROUND: Many people with mild disability after stroke are physically inactive despite the risk of recurrent stroke. A self-management program may be one strategy to increase physical activity in stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of a self-management program, and determine whether self-management can increase daily physical activity levels and self-efficacy for exercise, decrease cardiovascular risk, and improve walking ability, participation, and quality of life in people with mild disability after stroke...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331454/family-based-behavioral-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-caretaker-reported-barriers-and-facilitators
#5
Amanda E Staiano, Arwen M Marker, James Comeaux, Johannah M Frelier, Daniel S Hsia, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Family-based behavioral treatments are effective ways to promote children's weight management through healthy eating and exercise. However, programs typically have high attrition and low attendance. The aim of this study was to obtain in-depth caregiver input on barriers and facilitators to participate in a family-based, behavioral childhood obesity treatment program. METHODS: Three focus groups were facilitated among 21 parents/guardians at 2 school-based health centers and 1 federally qualified health center...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330457/exercising-alcohol-patients-don-t-lack-motivation-but-struggle-with-structures-emotions-and-social-context-a-qualitative-dropout-study
#6
Sengül Sari, Ashley Elizabeth Muller, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important component of a healthy lifestyle, the development of which is a relapse prevention strategy for those with alcohol use disorder. However, it is a challenge to create exercise interventions with a persistent behavioural change. The aim of this qualitative study was to investigate perceived barriers to participation in an exercise intervention among alcohol use disorder patients, who dropped out of the intervention program. Furthermore, this study aims to propose possibilities for a better practice of future intervention studies based on the participants' experiences and suggestions...
March 23, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328269/physical-activity-and-exercise-after-stoma-surgery-overcoming-the-barriers
#7
Sarah Russell
This article presents the results from a large nationwide survey completed in 2016 that investigated the physical health and wellbeing of people living with stomas in the UK. In particular, the survey looked at physical activity and exercise, general attitudes and opinions about exercise, whether or not advice about physical activity had been received and other general questions about parastomal hernia and quality of life. There were 2631 respondents making it one of the largest known surveys to date. The findings were concerning yet unsurprising, highlighting a trend toward inactivity after stoma surgery and a fear of exercise in general...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#8
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322666/parks-as-social-and-cultural-spaces-among-u-s-and-foreign-born-latinas
#9
Frances Munet-Vilaró, Sabrina Marie Chase, Sandra Echeverria
Parks provide opportunities for people to engage in activities that can promote physical and emotional well-being. Using focus groups and personal interviews conducted in select neighborhoods of a Northeastern city with a high rate of obesity, we examined perceptions of barriers and facilitators regarding the use of parks and park features that would promote physical activity among Latina women ( N = 39). Foreign-born Latinas emphasized the environmental characteristics of parks and the types of amenities that can support preferred cultural and social activities, while U...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303774/physiological-evaluation-of-personal-protective-ensembles-recommended-for-use-in-west-africa
#10
Aitor Coca, Tyler Quinn, Jung-Hyun Kim, Tianzhou Wu, Jeff Powell, Raymond Roberge, Ronald Shaffer
OBJECTIVE: Personal protective equipment (PPE) provides health care workers with a barrier to prevent human contact with viruses like Ebola and potential transmission of the disease. However, PPE can also introduce an additional physiological burden from potentially increased heat stress. This study evaluated the human physiological and subjective responses to continuous light exercise within environmental conditions similar to those in West Africa while wearing 3 different, commonly used PPE ensembles (E1, E2, and E3)...
March 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296261/determinants-of-adherence-to-lifestyle-intervention-in-adults-with-obesity-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
E Burgess, P Hassmén, K L Pumpa
Lifestyle intervention programmes are efficacious in the management of obesity but often report poor attendance and adherence rates that hinder treatment effectiveness and health outcomes. The aim of this systematic review is to identify (i) barriers to behaviour change and (ii) predictors of adherence to lifestyle intervention programmes in adults with obesity. Studies were identified by systematically reviewing the literature within Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science from inception to August 2016...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290057/intestinal-fatty-acid-binding-protein-and-gut-permeability-responses-to-exercise
#12
Daniel S March, Tania Marchbank, Raymond J Playford, Arwel W Jones, Rhys Thatcher, Glen Davison
PURPOSE: Intestinal cell damage due to physiological stressors (e.g. heat, oxidative, hypoperfusion/ischaemic) may contribute to increased intestinal permeability. The aim of this study was to assess changes in plasma intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) in response to exercise (with bovine colostrum supplementation, Col, positive control) and compare this to intestinal barrier integrity/permeability (5 h urinary lactulose/rhamnose ratio, L/R). METHODS: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design, 18 males completed two experimental arms (14 days of 20 g/day supplementation with Col or placebo, Plac)...
March 13, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288580/important-aspects-in-relation-to-patients-attendance-at-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-facilitators-barriers-and-physiotherapist-s-role-a-qualitative-study
#13
Maria Bäck, Birgitta Öberg, Barbro Krevers
BACKGROUND: In order to improve attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR), a greater insight into patients' perspectives is necessary. The aim of the study was to explore aspects that influence patients' attendance at exercise-based CR after acute coronary artery disease (CAD) and the role of the physiotherapist in patients' attendance at exercise-based CR. METHODS: A total of 16 informants, (5 women; median age 64.5, range 47-79 years), diagnosed with CAD, were included in the study at the Cardiology Department, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden...
March 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285825/corrigendum-to-the-ameliorative-effects-of-exercise-on-cognitive-impairment-and-white-matter-injury-from-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-in-adolescent-rats-neurosci-lett-638-2017-83-89
#14
Jae-Min Lee, Jong-Min Park, Min Kyung Song, Yoo Joung Oh, Chang-Ju Kim, Youn-Jung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283110/access-delivery-and-perceived-efficacy-of-physiotherapy-and-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-by-people-with-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-united-kingdom-an-online-survey
#15
Evan Campbell, Elaine Coulter, Paul Mattison, Angus McFadyen, Linda Miller, Lorna Paul
INTRODUCTION: All people with progressive MS in the United Kingdom should have access to physiotherapy through the National Health Service (NHS). However levels of access and delivery are unknown. Furthermore there is no research on perceived efficacy of physiotherapy or the use of complementary and alternative medicine in people with progressive MS in the United Kingdom. METHODS: An online survey was carried out via the UK MS Register. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of progressive MS, a member of UK MS Register and 18 years or older...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281832/outcomes-of-introducing-early-learners-to-interprofessional-competencies-in-a-classroom-setting
#16
Kelly S Lockeman, Sharon K Lanning, Alan W Dow, Joseph A Zorek, Deborah DiazGranados, Carole K Ivey, Shawne Soper
PROBLEM: Although interprofessional practice is important for improving healthcare delivery, there is little evidence describing interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes beyond changes in attitudes and knowledge of prelicensure learners. More rigorous evaluation of early IPE is needed to determine its impact on teaching interprofessional collaborative practice and providing a solid foundation for applying collaborative skills in the clinical environment. INTERVENTION: First-year students (N = 679) in 7 health professions programs participated in a 4-session series focusing on professional roles and responsibilities, teams and teamwork, and the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279267/astronaut-adherence-to-exercise-based-reconditioning-psychological-considerations-and-future-directions
#17
Carly D McKay, Martyn Standage
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based reconditioning is essential for mitigating the negative physiological and functional effects of spaceflight. Astronaut adherence to prescribed reconditioning programmes is imperative, but there has been limited research in this area. PURPOSE: This commentary discusses adherence predictors in analogous terrestrial populations (sport, clinical rehabilitation, general exercise) that may translate to spaceflight environments. IMPLICATIONS: Reconditioning programmes should foster intrinsic motivation, realistic outcome expectancies, self-regulation skills, and strong therapeutic alliances to promote ongoing exercise adherence...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278361/the-effects-of-a-nurse-supervised-home-exercise-programme-on-improving-patients-perceptions-of-the-benefits-and-barriers-to-exercise-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Xingjuan Tao, Susan Ka Yee Chow, Frances K Y Wong
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of a home exercise programme on patients' perceptions of the barriers and benefits to exercise and adherence to the programme. BACKGROUND: Great efforts have been made to encourage dialysis patients to participate in rehabilitation regimens. The promotion of exercise in this population is still limited. DESIGN: This was a post hoc analysis of a randomized, two-group parallel study. METHODS: A total of 113 adult patients recruited from the haemodialysis units were randomized into two groups on a 1:1 ratio...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278003/participant-experiences-and-perceptions-of-physical-activity-enhancing-interventions-for-people-with-physical-impairments-and-mobility-limitations-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-evidence
#19
Toni L Williams, Jasmin K Ma, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
Disabled people face multiple personal, environmental and social barriers that interfere with leading a physically active lifestyle. Thus, there is an urgent need for behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity (PA) by specifically addressing the situations of disabled people, and barriers to participation. This original meta-synthesis of qualitative research was undertaken to explore participants' experiences and perceptions of PA-enhancing interventions for adults with physical impairments resulting in mobility limitations...
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273862/ehealth-familias-unidas-pilot-study-of-an-internet-adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-family-intervention-to-reduce-drug-use-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-hispanic-adolescents
#20
Yannine Estrada, Lourdes Molleda, Ashley Murray, Kathryn Drumhiller, Maria Tapia, Krystal Sardinas, Alexa Rosen, Hilda Pantin, Tatiana Perrino, Madeline Sutton, Miguel Ángel Cano, Daphney Dorcius, Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Guillermo Prado
This paper describes the Internet adaptation of an evidenced-based intervention for Hispanic families, eHealth Familias Unidas, and explores whether an Internet-based format is feasible and acceptable to Hispanic families. Core intervention components from the evidence-based intervention, Familias Unidas, were transposed into a video format and edited for content. Additionally, interactive exercises and a soap opera series were incorporated to reinforce intervention content and optimize participant engagement and retention...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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