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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533101/personal-attitudes-toward-weight-in-overweight-and-obese-us-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Zeb Saeed, Kevin M Janda, Bryan M Tucker, Lacey Dudley, Patricia Cutter, Allon N Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Yet, little attention has been given to what hemodialysis patients themselves think of their weight, how they perceive it affects their health, and their attitudes about or desire for weight reduction. We explored these issues using a survey that we designed specifically for the dialysis population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-six chronic hemodialysis patients from a US urban center with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) and stable weight were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531821/examining-the-physical-health-and-lifestyle-of-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-qualitative-study-involving-service-users-parents-and-clinicians
#2
Rebekah Carney, Jack Cotter, Tim Bradshaw, Alison R Yung
Emerging evidence suggests young people at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) are also at-risk for poor physical health, and display high rates of modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors. However, before we can develop effective interventions there is a need to understand factors affecting lifestyle choices in the UHR group. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 UHR individuals (50% male; mean age 21.7), 5 parents (4 mothers, 1 father), and 6 clinicians from early intervention services in the Northwest of England to identify barriers and facilitators to living a healthy lifestyle, including achieving regular exercise, eating well and refraining from excessive substance use...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530510/self-reported-physical-activity-and-exercise-patterns-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#3
Osarhiemen A Omwanghe, Devin S Muntz, Soyang Kwon, Simone Montgomery, Opeyemi Kemiki, Lewis L Hsu, Alexis A Thompson, Robert I Liem
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) significantly affects physical functioning. We examined physical activity (PA) patterns in children with SCD versus a national sample and factors associated with PA and participation in physical education and organized sports. METHOD: One hundred children with SCD completed a 58-item survey with questions from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Physical Activity Questionnaire and others on physical education and sports, disease impact, and physical functioning...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529021/frail-older-adults-perceptions-of-an-in-hospital-structured-exercise-intervention
#4
Louise O'Hare, Eileen Savage, Ruth McCullagh, Eleanor Bantry White, Eilis Fitzgerald, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions need to be assessed qualitatively to establish how people participate in and perceive the intervention and how interventions should be delivered for maximal effect. OBJECTIVES: To explore how frail older inpatients perceived the effects of a pilot augmented prescribed exercise programme (APEP). DESIGN: An interpretive phenomenological design using open-ended semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis...
April 24, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#5
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523570/health-behavior-regarding-cardiovascular-diseases-among-nepali-adults
#7
Kritika Poudel, Naomi Sumi
The main aim was to assess Nepali adults' knowledge, health beliefs, and health promoting behaviors regarding cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted in five wards of Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City. A random sample of 300 Nepali individuals aged 20-65 years completed the heart disease knowledge questionnaire and health beliefs related to cardiovascular diseases. The health belief model related to CVDs was used. Sociodemographic and personal information was collected...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513238/exercise-and-dementia-in-nursing-homes-views-of-staff-and-family-carers
#8
Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Paul Stapley, Shahla Meedya
This paper reports the qualitative component of a randomized controlled trial which evaluated the impact and feasibility of a physical exercise intervention on individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. Interviews were conducted with 10 staff and nine family carers about their views and opinions of physical exercise (n=19). Thematic content analysis revealed both benefits and barriers to physical exercise for individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. Another theme was the influences of knowledge and understanding on individuals' views of physical exercise...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493659/self-management-of-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders-through-physical-activity-exercise
#9
Louise Pelletier, Shamila Shanmugasegaram, Scott B Patten, Alain Demers
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity/exercise is regarded as an important self-management strategy for individuals with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to describe individuals with mood and/or anxiety disorders who were exercising or engaging in physical activity to help manage their disorders versus those who were not, and the facilitators for and barriers to engaging in physical activity/exercise. METHODS: For this study, we used data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component...
May 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491334/increasing-the-rate-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-ontario-donor-and-recipient-identified-barriers-and-solutions
#10
Leah E Getchell, Susan Q McKenzie, Jessica M Sontrop, Jade S Hayward, Megan K McCallum, Amit X Garg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To hear from living kidney donors and recipients about what they perceive are the barriers to living donor kidney transplantation, and how patients can develop and lead innovative solutions to increase the rate and enhance the experiences of living donor kidney transplantation in Ontario. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A one-day patient-led workshop on March 10th, 2016 in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: Participants who were previously engaged in priority-setting exercises were invited to the meeting by patient lead, Sue McKenzie...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489369/qm-mm-investigation-of-substrate-and-product-specificities-of-suv4-20h2-how-does-this-enzyme-generate-di-methylated-h4k20-from-mono-methylated-substrate
#11
Ping Qian, Haobo Guo, Liang Wang, Hong Guo
Protein lysine methyltransferases (PKMTs) catalyze the methylation of lysine residues on histone proteins in the regulation of chromatin structure and gene expression. In contrast to many other PKMTs for which unmodified lysine is the methylation target, the enzymes in the Suv4-20 family are able to generate di-methylated product (H4K20me2) based exclusively on the mono-methylated H4K20 substrate (H4K20me1). The origin of such substrate/product specificity is still not clear. Here molecular dynamics (MD) and free energy (potential of mean force) simulations are undertaken using quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) potentials to understand the substrate/product specificities of Suv4-20h2, a member of the Suv4-20 family...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489141/home-based-exercise-program-in-tsp-ham-individuals-a-feasibility-and-effectiveness-study
#12
Lívia D Facchinetti, Abelardo Q Araújo, Marcus Tt Silva, Ana Claudia C Leite, Mariana F Azevedo, Gisele L Chequer, Raquel Vc Oliveira, Arthur S Ferreira, Marco Antonio Lima
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of a home-based exercise program in TSP/HAM individuals. Methods: Twenty-three TSP/HAM individuals divided in two groups according to Timed Up and Go (TUG) score (<20s vs ≥20s) performed a 20-week home-based exercise program. The primary outcomes were exercise adherence, maximum voluntary isometric contraction of lower limbs (MVIC), Barthel Index and SF-36. Secondary outcomes were adverse effects and barriers to exercise practice...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486816/attitudes-towards-exercise-among-substance-using-older-adults-living-with-hiv-and-chronic-pain
#13
Annie L Nguyen, Jordan E Lake, M Carrington Reid, Suzette Glasner, Jessica Jenkins, Jury Candelario, Sarah Soliman, Homero E Del Pino, Alison A Moore
Chronic pain and substance use disorders occur commonly among HIV-infected persons. Recent CDC guidelines recommend non-pharmacologic approaches over opioid medications for the management of chronic pain. This is particularly relevant for persons with substance use disorders. Structured physical activity may be an effective strategy for pain reduction. We developed a combined cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) + exercise intervention to reduce pain, pain-related disability and substance use and improve physical function in older HIV-infected adults with chronic pain and substance use...
May 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486020/assessing-parent-perceptions-of-physical-activity-in-families-of-toddlers-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-the-parent-perceptions-of-physical-activity-scale-pppas
#14
Kimberley Lakes, Maryam M Abdullah, Julie Youssef, Joseph Donnelly, Candice Taylor-Lucas, Wendy A Goldberg, Dan Cooper, Shlomit Aizik
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine a new tool (PPPAS: Parent Perceptions of Physical Activity Scale-Preschool) developed to study parental perceptions of physical activity (PA) among parents of toddler and preschool age children. METHOD: 143 children (mean age 31.65 months; 75% male) and their parents were recruited from a neurodevelopmental clinic. Parents completed questionnaires, and both a psychologist and a physician evaluated the children. 83% of the children received a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder; 20% of the children had a BMI > 85(th) percentile...
May 9, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476738/are-we-on-the-same-page-patient-and-provider-perceptions-about-exercise-in-cancer-care-a-focus-group-study
#15
Agnes Smaradottir, Angela L Smith, Andrew J Borgert, Kurt R Oettel
Background: Physical activity (PA) during and after cancer treatment can help with symptom management and reduce the risk of cancer recurrence. However, it is unclear what constitutes an optimal exercise program. In addition, provider and patient barriers exist to the recommendation and adoption of exercise as part of a cancer treatment plan. The goal of this study was to determine how providers and patients feel about exercise during cancer treatment and explore what the barriers to implementing such a program might be...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476625/a-multi-laboratory-study-of-diverse-rsv-neutralization-assays-indicates-feasibility-for-harmonization-with-an-international-standard
#16
Nancy Hosken, Brian Plikaytis, Carrie Trujillo, Kutub Mahmood, Deborah Higgins
A current barrier to the standardized evaluation of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidates is the wide variety of virus neutralization assay formats currently in use for assessing immunogenicity. Assay formats vary widely in labor intensiveness, duration, and sample throughput. Furthermore, the cell lines and virus strains used are not consistent among formats. The purpose of this multi-laboratory study was to assess the variability across a diverse array of assay formats that quantitate RSV neutralizing antibodies...
May 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473006/aquatic-exercise-for-residential-aged-care-adults-with-dementia-benefits-and-barriers-to-participation
#17
Timothy Henwood, Christine Neville, Chantelle Baguley, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Pilot work by our group has demonstrated that aquatic exercise has valuable functional and psychosocial benefits for adults living in the residential aged care setting with dementia. The aim of the currents study was to advance this work by delivering the Watermemories Swimming Club aquatic exercise program to a more representative population of older, institutionalized adults with dementia. METHODS: The benefits of 12 weeks of twice weekly participation in the Watermemories Swimming Club aquatic exercise program were assessed among an exercise and usual care control group of residential aged care adults with advanced dementia...
May 5, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470090/rethinking-barriers-a-novel-conceptualization-of-exercise-barriers-in-cancer-survivors
#18
Morgan S Lee, Brent J Small, Paul B Jacobsen
Previous research suggests different types of barriers may demonstrate different relationships with intention to engage in health behaviors. This study explored global, practical, and health-related barriers' relationships with exercise intention and behavior among cancer survivors. The mediating role of intention in the barriers-behavior relationships was also evaluated. Cancer survivors (N = 152) completed self-report measures of exercise barriers, intention, and behavior at baseline and of exercise behavior two months later...
May 4, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466627/predictors-of-parents-adherence-to-home-exercise-programs-for-children-with-developmental-disabilities-regarding-both-exercise-frequency-and-duration-a-survey-design
#19
Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Carmen Lillo-Navarro, Joaquina Montilla-Herrador, Mariano Gacto-Sanchez, María Á Franco-Sierra, Pilar Escolar-Reina
BACKGROUND: Many families have problems adhering to home exercise programs (HEP) for children with developmental disabilities. However, parental participation in HEP is known to have a positive effect on child-related outcome variables, as well as on parental functioning. AIM: This study examined whether the different behaviours of health professionals, and the behaviour and social characteristics of parents determine rates of parental adherence to both the frequency per week, and duration per session, of HEP for children with developmental disabilities attending paediatric services in early intervention centres...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465695/benefits-barriers-and-limitations-on-the-use-of-hospital-incident-command-system
#20
REVIEW
Shahin Shooshtari, Shahram Tofighi, Shirin Abbasi
Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) has been established with the mission of prevention, response, and recovery in hazards. Regarding the key role of hospitals in medical management of events, the present study is aimed at investigating benefits, barriers, and limitations of applying HICS in hospital. Employing a review study, articles related to the aforementioned subject published from 1995 to 2016 were extracted from accredited websites and databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Elsevier, and SID by searching keywords such as HICS, benefits, barriers, and limitations...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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