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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456591/gender-money-and-professional-identity-medical-social-work-and-the-coming-of-the-british-national-health-service
#1
George Campbell Gosling
The arrival of the British National Health Service (NHS) in 1948 heralded significant changes for all health workers, but the establishment of a 'free' health service was especially meaningful for the hospital almoners-or medical social workers, as they were starting to be known-who had previously been responsible for the assessment and collection of patient payments. It was on this basis they had gained a foothold in the hospital, capitalising on gendered assumptions of financial understanding and behaviour...
2018: Women's History Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452962/the-role-of-resiliency-and-coping-strategies-in-occurrence-of-positive-changes-in-medical-rescue-workers
#2
Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Magdalena Zadworna-Cieślak
BACKGROUND: Working in the emergency services entails exposure to traumatic events; however, their effects can be both negative and positive. Among the factors determining posttraumatic growth (PTG) after an experienced trauma are the personal resources and coping strategies. The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of resiliency and coping strategies with stress in posttraumatic growth in a group of medical rescue workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 80 male medical rescuers who have experienced traumatic event in their worksite were analyzed...
February 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444721/psychological-treatments-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-government-health-systems-effectiveness-of-group-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-caregivers-of-children-affected-by-nodding-syndrome-in-uganda
#3
Byamah B Mutamba, Jeremy C Kane, Joop T V M de Jong, James Okello, Seggane Musisi, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence for the benefits of psychological treatments (PTs) in low- and middle-income countries, few national health systems have adopted PTs as standard care. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a group interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-G) intervention, when delivered by lay community health workers (LCHWs) in a low-resource government health system in Uganda. The intended outcome was reduction of depression among caregivers of children with nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric condition with high morbidity, mortality and social stigma...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444660/volunteers-in-ethiopia-s-women-s-development-army-are-more-deprived-and-distressed-than-their-neighbors-cross-sectional-survey-data-from-rural-ethiopia
#4
Kenneth Maes, Svea Closser, Yihenew Tesfaye, Yasmine Gilbert, Roza Abesha
BACKGROUND: Many Community Health Workers (CHWs) experience the same socioeconomic and health needs as their neighbors, given that they are by definition part of their communities. Yet very few studies aim to measure and characterize experiences of deprivation, poverty, and wellbeing among community health workers. This study quantitatively examines deprivation and wellbeing in Ethiopia's Women's Development Army (WDA), a massive unpaid community health workforce intended to improve population health and modernize the country...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433128/-the-new-national-immunization-program-2017-2019-and-the-essential-care-levels-what-is-going-to-change
#5
Chiara De Waure, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Andrea Poscia, Walter Ricciardi
Italy is witnessing relevant challenges in the field of prevention and control of vaccine-preventable diseases. The worrying and growing phenomenon of "vaccine-hesitancy" has contributed to the reduction of vaccination coverage, undermining goals reached thanks to vaccines introduction. The new Italian National Immunization Plan (NIP) 2017-2019 and the update of the list of Essential Care Levels (LEA), approved in the current year, extend the vaccination offer based on the latest scientific evidence with the introduction of new vaccines and the enlargement of target population...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429359/-general-practitioners-and-eldercare-reflected-in-a-survey-by-questionnaire
#6
Anett Mária Tróbert, Zsuzsanna Széman
According to statistical data, the number of healthy life years is not increasing in proportion with the longer average life expectancy. In the ageing societies, the long-term care systems are increasingly overburdened; cost-efficient operation and the related coordination of services is one of the key questions for their sustainability. The present separation of the health care and social care systems causes numerous difficulties. One aim of the online research by questionnaire was to survey the attitude of general practitioners - who play a very important part in care for the elderly - towards their elder patients, the patients' family members, and social workers providing eldercare...
February 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426681/activities-suggestion-based-on-emotions-in-aal-environments
#7
Angelo Costa, Jaime Andres Rincon, Carlos Carrascosa, Paulo Novais, Vicente Julian
The elderly population is increasing and the response of the society was to provide them with services directed to them to cope with their needs. One of the oldest solutions is the retirement home, providing housing and permanent assistance for the elderly. Furthermore, most of the retirement homes are inhabited by multiple elderly people, thus creating a community of people who are somewhat related in age and medical issues. The ambient assisted living (AAL) area tries to solve some of the elderly issues by producing technological products, some of them dedicated to elderly homes...
February 6, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425881/pediatric-oncology-provider-perceptions-of-a-pediatric-palliative-care-service-the-influence-of-emotional-esteem-and-emotional-labor
#8
Julia E Szymczak, Theodore Schall, Douglas L Hill, Jennifer K Walter, Shefali Parikh, Concetta DiDomenico, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Pediatric palliative care consults for children with cancer often occur late in the course of disease and close to death, when earlier involvement would reduce suffering. The perceptions that pediatric oncology providers hold about the pediatric palliative care service (PPCS) may shape referral patterns. OBJECTIVE: To explore how pediatric oncology providers at one institution perceived the hospital's PPCS and the way these perceptions may influence the timing of consultation...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425532/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-health-care-utilization-among-female-sex-workers-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-burkina-faso
#9
Hae-Young Kim, Ashley Grosso, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Marcel Lougue, Shauna Stahlman, Cesaire Samadoulougou, Gautier Ouedraogo, Seni Kouanda, Benjamin Liestman, Stefan Baral
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of perceived health care stigma among female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM), including other stigma types, suicidal ideation, and participation in social activities. METHODS: FSWs (N = 350) and MSM (N = 330) aged ≥18 were recruited in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Perceived health care stigma was defined as either ever being afraid of or avoiding health care services because someone might find out the participant has sex with men (for MSM) or sells sex (for FSW)...
January 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417879/-pure-drug-users-commercial-sex-workers-and-ordinary-girls-gendered-narratives-of-hiv-risk-and-prevention-in-post-soviet-ukraine
#10
Jill Owczarzak, Sarah D Phillips, Woojeong Cho
International best practices call for a gender-responsive approach to HIV prevention for women, including those who use drugs and those who engage in sex work. This paper draws on multiple qualitative data sources collected over five years in Ukraine to explore the notions of gender, women and family that buttress HIV-related programmes for women. Our analysis reveals that service providers often cast women as hapless victims of unfortunate family circumstances and troubled personal relationships that produce sudden poverty, or social strivers who seek access to wealth and privilege at the expense of their health...
February 8, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417396/black-male-mental-health-and-the-black-church-advancing-a-collaborative-partnership-and-research-agenda
#11
Michael A Robinson, Sharon Jones-Eversley, Sharon E Moore, Joseph Ravenell, A Christson Adedoyin
This article explores the role the Black Church could play in facilitating spiritually sensitive, culturally relevant and gender-specific services to address the mental health and well-being of Black males. The help-seeking behaviors of Black men are examined as the authors offer two theories: the body, mind, spirit, environment, social, transcendent, and health, illness, men, and masculinities that may assist the Black Church in functioning as an effective support networks for healthy Black male mental health...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415738/what-adaptation-to-research-is-needed-following-crises-a-comparative-qualitative-study-of-the-health-workforce-in-sierra-leone-and-nepal
#12
Joanna Raven, Sushil Baral, Haja Wurie, Sophie Witter, Mohamed Samai, Pravin Paudel, Hom Nath Subedi, Tim Martineau, Helen Elsey, Sally Theobald
BACKGROUND: Health workers are critical to the performance of health systems; yet, evidence about their coping strategies and support needs during and post crisis is lacking. There is very limited discussion about how research teams should respond when unexpected crises occur during on-going research. This paper critically presents the approaches and findings of two health systems research projects that explored and evaluated health worker performance and were adapted during crises, and provides lessons learnt on re-orientating research when the unexpected occurs...
February 7, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410590/effect-of-musculoskeletal-pain-of-care-workers-on-job-satisfaction
#13
DeokJu Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the musculoskeletal pain of care workers and investigate its effect on their job satisfaction. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 87 care workers working at C elderly care service center in P region. The average age of men was 62.5 ± 3.4 years and that of women was 57.3 ± 2.7 years. The 'Guidelines for Risk Factor Survey on Tasks with Musculoskeletal Burden' of the KOSHA CODE (H-30-2003) of the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) was used for measurement of musculoskeletal pain...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405882/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-social-workers-for-assistance-with-lifetime-and-12-month-behavioral-health-disorders
#14
Amanda Toler Woodward, Robert Joseph Taylor
This study examined the use of social workers for assistance with a behavioral health disorder. Data were from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys. The analytic sample included respondents who reported using professional services for assistance with a behavioral health disorder during their lifetime (n = 5,585). Logistic regression was used to examine the use of a social worker during the respondent's lifetime or 12 months prior to the interview. Ten percent of respondents visited a social worker for help with a behavioral health disorder during their lifetime and 3% did so in the 12 months prior to the interview...
February 6, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403650/reducing-stigma-among-healthcare-providers-to-improve-mental-health-services-reshape-protocol-for-a-pilot-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-stigma-reduction-intervention-for-training-primary-healthcare-workers-in-nepal
#15
Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel
Background: Non-specialist healthcare providers, including primary and community healthcare workers, in low- and middle-income countries can effectively treat mental illness. However, scaling-up mental health services within existing health systems has been limited by barriers such as stigma against people with mental illness. Therefore, interventions are needed to address attitudes and behaviors among non-specialists. Aimed at addressing this gap, REducing Stigma among HealthcAre Providers to ImprovE mental health services (RESHAPE) is an intervention in which social contact with mental health service users is added to training for non-specialist healthcare workers integrating mental health services into primary healthcare...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403627/related-factors-of-violence-against-women-with-infertility-a-systematic-review-study-based-on-an-ecological-approach
#16
REVIEW
Maryam Hajizade-Valokolaee, Soghra Khani, Ensieh Fooladi, Sepideh Peivandi
Background and aim: Infertility as a global problem, affects the different aspects of women's health. Also, violence against infertile women affects their psychological wellbeing and treatment consequence. This study aimed at reviewing related factors to violence against infertile women, based on an ecological approach. Methods: In this systematic review, the researchers conducted their search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, and then in more specialized ones such as Medline via PubMed, Science Direct, Up-to-date, Springer, SID, Magiran, Iranmedex and Irandoc with the key words violence, infertility, women, risk factors, social environment, and individuality, from 1988 to 2016...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402108/the-evolution-of-the-kelley-community-capacity-development-model-for-palliative-care
#17
Mary Lou Kelley
This oral presentation will describe the conceptual evolution of the Kelley model for Community Capacity Development [2000-2016]. It will illustrate how and why the model changed to become a powerful Canadian example of a public health approach to developing community based palliative care programs. Based on conducting participatory action research in rural, First Nations communities and long-term care homes, the perspective of "community" gradually expanded beyond health care professionals to include natural helpers, front line care providers, formal and informal community leaders, and social services...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397761/threats-during-sex-work-and-association-with-mental-health-among-young-female-sex-workers-in-hong-kong
#18
Phoenix K H Mo, Winnie W S Mak, Yvonne T Y Kwok, Meiqi Xin, Charlie W L Chan, Louise W M Yip
Young female sex workers (YFSWs) are confronted with significant threats during sex work. The present cross-sectional study examined different levels of threats (i.e., threats to life and health, threats to humanity, threats to control of work and financial security, and the threats to future) experienced by 87 YFSWs (age 16-25) in Hong Kong, and identified their association with mental health (i.e., psychological well-being) together with other factors, including childhood trauma, self-efficacy, hope, and social support...
February 4, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394733/-surgical-treatment-for-extremely-elderly-patients-over-90-years-of-age-with-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer-a-report-of-four-cases
#19
Tetsunori Yoshimura, Eisuke Yamamoto, Sakiko Yabe, Taiki Masuda, Hitoshi Sugimoto, Haruya Koshiishi
We report 4 cases ofStage IV colorectal cancer patients over 90 years ofage who received surgical treatment. All of 4 cases were right-sided advanced colon cancer(1 case had also recto-sigmoid advanced cancer)and were received emergency operation. Two cases received resection ofprimary tumors and anastomosis, the other 2 cases received only ileostomy or colostomy. Three cases were able to be discharged from hospital successfully, but unfortunately, we lost one case because of cerebrovascular complication after surgery...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392972/working-with-chinese-triad-youth-gangs-correct-diagnosis-and-strategic-intervention
#20
T Wing Lo, H L Tam
Across the world, youth workers have been active in helping vulnerable youth groups. In Hong Kong, government-funded youth services are conducted by professional social workers to help vulnerable youths. This article adopted a case study approach to investigate a youth group who committed a murder. Nine murderers and two social workers were interviewed. It aims to uncover the structure and activities of the group and analyse the gang intervention prior to the murder to find out what had gone wrong and identify the lessons that social workers can learn from the murder...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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