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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214722/when-high-pressure-system-constraints-and-a-social-justice-mission-collide-a-socio-structural-analysis-of-emergency-department-social-work-services
#1
Megan Moore, Margaret Cristofalo, Danae Dotolo, Nicole Torres, Alexandra Lahdya, Leyna Ho, Mia Vogel, Mollie Forrester, Bonnie Conley, Susan Fouts
The emergency department (ED) can be a critical intervention point for many patients with multifaceted needs. Social workers have long been part of interdisciplinary ED teams. This study aimed to contribute to the limited understanding of social worker-patient interactions and factors influencing social work services in this setting. This paper reports a qualitative content analysis of social work medical record notes (N = 1509) of services provided to trauma patients in an urban, public, level 1 trauma center and an in-depth analysis of semi-structured interviews with ED social workers (N = 10)...
February 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207821/relationship-of-work-family-conflict-self-reported-social-support-and-job-satisfaction-to-burnout-syndrome-among-medical-workers-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu, Hongbo Liu, Juying Zhang, Zhanqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a psychosomatic syndrome widely observed in Chinese medical workers due to the increasing cost of medical treatment, excessive workload, and excessive prescribing behavior. No studies have evaluated the interrelationship among occupational burnout, work-family conflict, social support, and job satisfaction in medical workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate these relationships among medical workers in southwest China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2013 and December 2013, and was based on the fifth National Health Service Survey (NHSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198578/stories-of-change-the-text-analysis-of-handovers-in-an-italian-psychiatric-residential-care-home
#3
M Accordini, E Saita, F Irtelli, M Buratti, G Saluto
: Handovers assure a timely and correct information transfer while socializing workers to the service's culture, however no study describes them as instruments to document organizational change and only a few have focused on psychiatric settings. AIM: To investigate the change in the culture of an Italian psychiatric residential care home as perceived by its Mental Health Workers (MHWs) over the course of two decades. METHOD: Emotional Text Analysis (ETA) was used to analyze the MHWs' handovers completed from 1990 to 2011...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194686/implementing-a-prison-medicaid-enrollment-program-for-inmates-with-a-community-inpatient-hospitalization
#4
David L Rosen, Catherine A Grodensky, Anna R Miller, Carol E Golin, Marisa E Domino, Wizdom Powell, David A Wohl
In 2011, North Carolina (NC) created a program to facilitate Medicaid enrollment for state prisoners experiencing community inpatient hospitalization during their incarceration. The program, which has been described as a model for prison systems nationwide, has saved the NC prison system approximately $10 million annually in hospitalization costs and has potential to increase prisoners' access to Medicaid benefits as they return to their communities. This study aims to describe the history of NC's Prison-Based Medicaid Enrollment Assistance Program (PBMEAP), its structure and processes, and program personnel's perspectives on the challenges and facilitators of program implementation...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192000/job-support-coping-and-control-assessment-of-simultaneous-impacts-within-the-occupational-stress-process
#5
Paula Brough, Suzie Drummond, Amanda Biggs
The assessment of occupational stress is marred by an overwhelming adoption of simplistic research designs that generally fail to represent the complex reality of the occupational stress process. Informed by the theoretical tenants of both the transactional stress model and the job-demands-control-support model, this paper presents a rare simultaneous assessment of how two types of job demands (cognitive and emotional) are both moderated by job control and social support and mediated by coping for the prediction of work engagement and psychological strain over time...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187698/availability-of-mental-health-services-for-individuals-who-are-deaf-or-deaf-blind
#6
Michele C McDonnall, Adele Crudden, B J LeJeune, Anne Carter Steverson
A survey of state mental health agencies found that a majority have no specific policy or procedure regarding how to provide mental health services to persons who are deaf or who are deaf-blind. Agency representatives report that staff lack knowledge of how to provide mental health services to persons who are deaf-blind and the agencies lack qualified interpreters. They recommend training for social workers and counselors to address best practices in working with people who are deaf-blind concerning communication methods and strategies, physical interaction, cultural issues, everyday life, sensory deprivation, ethics, use of an interpreter, and other general issues...
January 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187159/effects-of-a-social-accountability-approach-care-s-community-score-card-on-reproductive-health-related-outcomes-in-malawi-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-evaluation
#7
Sara Gullo, Christine Galavotti, Anne Sebert Kuhlmann, Thumbiko Msiska, Phil Hastings, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Social accountability approaches, which emphasize mutual responsibility and accountability by community members, health care workers, and local health officials for improving health outcomes in the community, are increasingly being employed in low-resource settings. We evaluated the effects of a social accountability approach, CARE's Community Score Card (CSC), on reproductive health outcomes in Ntcheu district, Malawi using a cluster-randomized control design. METHODS: We matched 10 pairs of communities, randomly assigning one from each pair to intervention and control arms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169872/project-engage-snowball-sampling-and-direct-recruitment-to-identify-and-link-hard-to-reach-hiv-infected-persons-who-are-out-of-care
#8
Amy Rock Wohl, Natasha Ludwig-Barron, Rhodri Dierst-Davies, Sonali Kulkarni, Jesse Bendetson, Wilbert Jordan, Robert Bolan, Terry Smith, William Cunningham, Mario J Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Innovative strategies are needed to identify and link hard-to-find persons living with HIV (PLWH) who are out of care(OOC). Project Engage, a health department-based project in Los Angeles County(LAC), used a mixed methods approach to locate and provide linkage for PLWH who have limited contact with HIV medical and non-medical services. METHODS: Incentivized social network referrals(SNR) and direct recruitment(DR) was used to identify eligible OOC alters for a linkage intervention that included HIV clinic selection, appointment and transportation support, reminder calls/texts and clinic navigation...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168309/social-workers-and-self-help-services-forging-positive-relationships
#9
Melissa Anne Hensley, Christine Dawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156613/what-does-palliative-care-mean-diverse-definitions-from-cancer-care-providers
#10
Rebecca A Ferrer, Michelle Mollica, Grace Huang, Angela Falisi, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
: 40 Background: Existing literature on the epistemology of palliative care has mostly centered on patient/family perspectives. Understanding how multi-disciplinary healthcare providers themselves define palliative care is a critical step towards addressing barriers and harnessing facilitators that affect optimal delivery. METHODS: Semi-structured key informant interviews (N = 19) were conducted with members of healthcare provider teams as part of a qualitative study on goals of care for cancer patients enrolled in clinical trials...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156488/new-primary-palliative-care-pc-model-for-community-cancer-clinics-ccc
#11
Deborah Gray, Stephanie Struve, Carol Huibregtse, Qiaofang Chen
: 159 Background: Our CCC serving a mixed rural/urban population is part of a large integrated healthcare system in Eastern WI. The closest PC specialist/team is 45 miles away at one of the tertiary care facilities. To fill this service gap we implemented a primary PC model. An initial outpatient palliative care family conference (OFC) and use of cancer nurse navigators (CNN)are hallmarks of this program. METHODS: The VLCC, housed in a standalone facility is staffed by two medical oncologists and one radiation oncologist and has an infusion center and a full-fledged radiation oncology unit with support staff, including cancer nurse navigators, research nurses, social workers, a clinical psychologist, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, a therapy dog and a chaplain...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156434/earlier-access-to-palliative-medicine-an-experience-of-integration-into-a-community-oncology-practice
#12
Jacqueline Matthews
: 92 Background: A growing body of evidence supports the integration of palliative care as a standard for comprehensive cancer care. Through our experience as an inpatient palliative care provider, with 50% of our population having advanced cancer, we recognized the value proposition to provide continuity in the outpatient setting. Innovative Care Solutions developed a partnership with a large, community oncology program late 2015 for a palliative care multidisciplinary team to be embedded into one location of their practice...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155109/developing-a-peer-based-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-in-supportive-housing
#13
Kathleen O'Hara, Ana Stefancic, Leopoldo J Cabassa
Overweight and obesity disproportionally impact people with serious mental illness (SMI). Healthy lifestyle interventions can improve the health of people with SMI but may need to be adapted for this population. The aims of this study were: to (1) examine the feasibility and acceptability of delivering the Peer-based Group Lifestyle Balance (PGLB) intervention and (2) describe intervention adaptations for people with SMI in supportive housing. Peer specialists and social workers co-facilitated 12 weekly PGLB sessions for 14 supportive housing clients...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152793/transitions-in-care-and-reduction-in-discharge-errors
#14
Tara Szyamnski, Megan Begnoche, Carol Chase, Michelle Moreau, Jessica Barnett
: 77 Background: Patients are often overwhelmed at the time of hospital discharge and focus on home rather than the discharge process. Fragmented communication and lack of planning between the hospital team, patient, family and primary oncologist can lead to frustration and delays in implementation of palliative or curative therapies and potential hospital readmission when the plan of care is not followed in a timely manner. Our goal is to avoid medication errors, delays in implementation of a care plan and reemergence of symptoms or new symptoms as a result of a suboptimal discharge transition...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151559/an-ethnography-of-managing-emotions-when-talking-about-life-threatening-illness
#15
N E Ayers, V Vydelingum, A Arber
AIM: This ethnographic study was concerned with how dying patients, palliative care staff and family caregivers communicate about life-threatening illness in a palliative care setting in Ethiopia. BACKGROUND: Ethiopia, as a developing country, had few resources for caring for those requiring end-of-life care. However, palliative care was supported by local champions in Ethiopia and by the Federal Ministry of Health. INTRODUCTION: The disclosure of bad news was discouraged because it was believed that such disclosure may lead to unnecessary distress and to loss of hope...
February 2, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147705/-it-s-about-my-life-facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-completion-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-rural-south-africa
#16
Karen B Jacobson, Linda Niccolai, Nonhle Mtungwa, Anthony P Moll, Sheela V Shenoi
Despite the recent rollout of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) to prevent TB in people living with HIV in South Africa, adherence and completion rates are low. To explore barriers to IPT completion in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, we conducted individual semi-structured interviews among 30 HIV patients who had completed or defaulted IPT. Interview transcripts were analyzed according to the framework method of qualitative analysis. Facilitators of IPT completion included knowledge of TB and IPT, accepting one's HIV diagnosis, viewing IPT as similar to antiretroviral therapy, having social support in the community and the clinic, trust in the healthcare system, and desire for health preservation...
February 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141835/structural-determinants-of-health-among-im-migrants-in-the-indoor-sex-industry-experiences-of-workers-and-managers-owners-in-metropolitan-vancouver
#17
Shira M Goldenberg, Andrea Krüsi, Emma Zhang, Jill Chettiar, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Globally, im/migrant women are overrepresented in the sex industry and experience disproportionate health inequities. Despite evidence that the health impacts of migration may vary according to the timing and stage of migration (e.g., early arrival vs. long-term migration), limited evidence exists regarding social and structural determinants of health across different stages of migration, especially among im/migrants engaged in sex work. Our aim was to describe and analyze the evolving social and structural determinants of health and safety across the arrival and settlement process for im/migrants in the indoor sex industry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141807/socioeconomic-correlates-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-an-australian-population-based-sample
#18
Brittany Mulders-Jones, Deborah Mitchison, Federico Girosi, Phillipa Hay
BACKGROUND: Recent research has challenged the stereotype that eating disorders are largely limited to young, White, upper-class females. This study investigated the association between indicators of socioeconomic status and eating disorder features. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Data were merged from cross-sectional general population surveys of adults in South Australia in 2008 (n = 3034) and 2009 (n = 3007) to give a total sample of 6041 participants. Multivariate logistic regressions were employed to test associations between indicators of socioeconomic status (household income, educational level, employment status, indigenous status and urbanicity) and current eating disorder features (objective binge eating, subjective binge eating, purging, strict dieting and overvaluation of weight/shape)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141671/community-health-workers-addressing-client-objectives-among-frequent-emergency-department-users
#19
Bethany M Kwan, Amy Rockwood, Brian Bandle, Douglas Fernald, Mika K Hamer, Roberta Capp
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW) program designed to address client objectives among frequent emergency department (ED) users. DESIGN: Program evaluation using secondary analysis of client objectives from program records. Client objectives were characterized according to the World Health Organization's social determinants of health framework. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to assess factors associated with objective achievement...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139947/are-people-with-severe-mental-illness-ready-for-online-interventions-access-and-use-of-the-internet-in-australian-mental-health-service-users
#20
Neil Thomas, Fiona Foley, Katrina Lindblom, Stuart Lee
OBJECTIVES: The Internet is increasingly used in mental health service delivery, but there are significant potential barriers to Internet access for persons with severe mental illness (SMI). There is a need to understand this group's access to, and confidence with using, the Internet, and current views on using online resources as part of mental healthcare. METHOD: A survey was conducted of 100 consumers attending a specialist mental health service in Melbourne, Australia...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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