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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#1
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627819/elements-of-integrated-care-approaches-for-older-people-a-review-of-reviews
#2
Andrew M Briggs, Pim P Valentijn, Jotheeswaran A Thiyagarajan, Islene Araujo de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization (WHO) recently proposed an Integrated Care for Older People approach to guide health systems and services in better supporting functional ability of older people. A knowledge gap remains in the key elements of integrated care approaches used in health and social care delivery systems for older populations. The objective of this review was to identify and describe the key elements of integrated care models for elderly people reported in the literature...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626552/smoking-cessation-intervention-delivered-by-social-service-organisations-for-a-diverse-population-of-australian-disadvantaged-smokers-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Billie Bonevski, Laura Twyman, Christine Paul, Catherine D'Este, Robert West, Mohammad Siahpush, Christopher Oldmeadow, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVES: There remains a need to identify effective smoking cessation interventions in severely disadvantaged populations. This trial aimed to examine the effectiveness of an intervention (Call it Quits) developed to promote smoking cessation and delivered by community social service case-workers. METHODS: Call it Quits was a pragmatic, parallel randomised trial of a case-worker delivered smoking cessation intervention conducted in a non-government community social service organisation in New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
April 4, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624941/high-rates-of-unintended-pregnancies-among-young-women-sex-workers-in-conflict-affected-northern-uganda-the-social-contexts-of-brothels-lodges-and-substance-use
#4
Putu Duff, Godfrey Muzaaya, Katherine Muldoon, Sabina Dobrer, Monika Akello, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
This study aimed to examine the correlates of unintended pregnancies among young women sex workers in conflict-affected northern Uganda. Data were drawn from the Gulu Sexual Health Study, a cross-sectional study of young women engaged in sex work. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the correlates of ever having an unintended pregnancy. Among 400 sex workers (median age=20 years; IQR 19-25), 175 (43.8%) reported at least one unintended pregnancy. In multivariable analysis, primarily servicing clients in lodges/brothels [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR= 2...
June 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620927/development-and-piloting-of-a-home-based-couples-intervention-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-in-southwestern-kenya
#5
Janet M Turan, Lynae A Darbes, Pamela L Musoke, Zachary Kwena, Anna Joy Rogers, Abigail M Hatcher, Jami L Anderson, George Owino, Anna Helova, Elly Weke, Patrick Oyaro, Elizabeth A Bukusi
Engaging both partners of a pregnant couple can enhance prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and promote family health. We developed and piloted an intervention to promote couple collaboration in health during pregnancy and postpartum in southwestern Kenya. We utilized formative data and stakeholder input to inform development of a home-based couples intervention. Next, we randomized pregnant women to intervention (n = 64) or standard care (n = 63) arms, subsequently contacting their male partners for enrollment...
March 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611433/a-real-world-community-health-worker-care-coordination-model-for-high-risk-children
#6
Molly A Martin, Kenita Perry-Bell, Mark Minier, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
Health care systems across the United States are considering community health worker (CHW) services for high-risk patients, despite limited data on how to build and sustain effective CHW programs. We describe the process of providing CHW services to 5,289 at-risk patients within a state-run health system. The program includes 30 CHWs, six care coordinators, the Director of Care Coordination, the Medical Director, a registered nurse, mental health specialists, and legal specialists. CHWs are organized into geographic and specialized teams...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609599/time-motion-study-using-mixed-methods-to-assess-service-delivery-by-frontline-health-workers-from-south-india-methods
#7
Samiksha Singh, Sanjeev Upadhyaya, Pradeep Deshmukh, Amol Dongre, Neha Dwivedi, Deepak Dey, Vijay Kumar
BACKGROUND: In India, amidst the increasing number of health programmes, there are concerns about the performance of frontline health workers (FLHW). We assessed the time utilisation and factors affecting the work of frontline health workers from South India. METHODS: This is a mixed methods study using time and motion (TAM) direct observations and qualitative enquiry among frontline/community health workers. These included 43 female and 6 male multipurpose health workers (namely, auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and male-MPHWs), 12 nutrition and health workers (Anganwadi workers, AWWs) and 53 incentive-based community health workers (accredited social health activists, ASHAs)...
April 2, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606086/the-brazilian-public-health-in-contemporary-capitalism
#8
Virgínia Junqueira, Áquilas N Mendes
This article examines some political and economic facts that led to an intensification of austerity measures by the Brazilian government, including ones against the Unified Health System (SUS) and its progressive dismantling. In a country where fundamental human rights were never fully respected, nowadays social and labor rights are under severe attacks. The deepening of the capital crisis and the rise of interest-bearing capital dominance have been causing unemployment, social insecurity growth, and resulting public fund appropriation by the private capital...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595441/health-system-performance-measurement-a-uk-perspective
#9
Jon Glasby
In response to the lead article by Kuluski et al. (2017), this commentary draws on UK debates around the quality of healthcare and on the author's personal experience training as a social worker. Judging whether a service has "worked" has to involve understanding what a good outcome would be for the person receiving it. While carers provide important insights here, the "user" may have a different view, and reconciling different perspectives can be challenging. Although individual services may have fulfilled their part of the process, it is important to look at the person's overall experience (although this is difficult to achieve in practice)...
October 2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582845/the-burden-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-women-in-india-how-have-iron-and-folic-acid-interventions-fared
#10
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Wafaie W Fawzi, Anamitra Barik, Abhijit Chowdhury
Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among women in India is a problem of major public health significance. Using data from three waves of the National Family Health Survey, this article discusses the burden of and trend in IDA among women in India, and discusses the level of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation and its potential role in reducing the burden of IDA. Between 2005-2006 and 2015-2016, IDA in India decreased by only 3.5 percentage points (from 56.5% in 2005-2006 to 53.0% in 2015-2016) for women aged 15-49 years...
April 2018: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572703/using-a-small-cash-incentive-to-increase-survey-response
#11
John A Cosgrove
Surveys tend to yield low response rates among human service professionals. This study examined whether a randomly-assigned prepaid $2 incentive increased response rates over time, and was cost-effective for increasing response count, among social workers and volunteer mediators. The incentive was enclosed with a mixed-mode survey of factors related to burnout and intention-to-remain. The incentive increased response rates over time. The effect of the incentive did not differ between mediators and social workers...
March 23, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571426/cardiovascular-disease-among-women-from-vulnerable-populations-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Sujane Kandasamy, Sonia S Anand
On a global scale, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality. It is also the number 1 cause of death among women, resulting in 8.6 million deaths annually and constituting one third of all deaths in women worldwide. The burden of CVD and related risk factors has taken priority in the policy development for noncommunicable diseases. However, vulnerable populations, defined here as women who are socially or economically disadvantaged (eg, low income), nonwhite (specifically South Asian and indigenous women), and those who are elderly have often been overlooked in these discussions...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566981/anxiety-related-psychopathology-and-chronic-pain-comorbidity-among-public-safety-personnel
#13
R N Carleton, T O Afifi, T Taillieu, S Turner, R El-Gabalawy, J Sareen, G J G Asmundson
Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional service officers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) regularly experience potentially traumatic, painful, and injurious events. Such exposures increase risk for developing mental disorders and chronic pain, which both involve substantial personal and social costs. The interrelationship between mental disorders and chronic pain is well-established, and both can be mutually maintaining; accordingly, understanding the relationship between mental health and chronic pain among PSP is important for improving health care...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564158/delivering-comprehensive-hiv-services-across-the-hiv-care-continuum-a-comparative-analysis-of-survival-and-progress-towards-90-90-90-in-rural-malawi
#14
Emily B Wroe, Elizabeth L Dunbar, Noel Kalanga, Luckson Dullie, Chiyembekezo Kachimanga, Andrew Mganga, Michael Herce, Jason Beste, Jonas Rigodon, Lawrence Nazimera, Ryan K McBain
Introduction: Partners In Health and the Malawi Ministry of Health collaborate on comprehensive HIV services in Neno, Malawi, featuring community health workers, interventions addressing social determinants of health and health systems strengthening. We conducted an observational study to describe the HIV care continuum in Neno and to compare facility-level HIV outcomes against health facilities nationally. Methods: We compared facility-level outcomes in Neno (n=13) with all other districts (n=682) from 2013 to 2015 using mixed-effects linear regression modelling...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564140/emotional-labor-workplace-violence-and-depressive-symptoms-in-female-bank-employees-a-questionnaire-survey-using-the-k-els-and-k-wvs
#15
Guang Hwi Kim, Hee Sung Lee, Sung Won Jung, Jae Gwang Lee, June Hee Lee, Kyung Jae Lee, Joo Ja Kim
Background: In modern society, the scale of the service industry is continuously expanding, and the number of service workers is increasing. Correspondingly, physical and mental problems related to emotional labor are becoming a major social problem. In this study, we investigated the relationship between emotional labor, workplace violence, and depressive symptoms in female bank employees, which is a typical service industry. Methods: In this study, the Korean Emotional Labor Scale (K-ELS) and Korean Workplace Violence Scale (K-WVS) were distributed to 381 female workers in their 20s at a bank in Seoul, Korea...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559000/too-afraid-to-go-fears-of-dignity-violations-as-reasons-for-non-use-of-maternal-health-services-in-south-sudan
#16
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Maryse Kok, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: South Sudan has one of the worst health and maternal health situations in the world. Across South Sudan, while maternal health services at the primary care level are not well developed, even where they exist, many women do not use them. Developing location specific understanding of what hinders women from using services is key to developing and implementing locally appropriate public health interventions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted to gain insight into what hinders women from using maternal health services...
March 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558342/unmet-needs-in-self-directed-hcbs-programs
#17
Kevin J Mahoney, Ellen K Mahoney, Carmen Morano, Andrew DeVellis
Unmet need for long-term services and supports has been linked to a variety of harmful health outcomes. One suggested strategy for ameliorating unmet need is to give participants control of a budget and let them construct individualized plans. The evaluation of the Cash and Counseling controlled experiment (CCDE) documented a marked reduction in unmet need when compared to traditional agency-based solutions, but it also showed significant unmet needs remained. This paper reanalyzes 76 case studies from the CCDE to, for the first time gain an understanding of what those unmet needs are, who sees them, and what participants, caregivers and support brokers think might reduce this problem...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554964/implementing-community-based-health-planning-and-services-in-impoverished-urban-communities-health-workers-perspective
#18
Adanna Uloaku Nwameme, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Philip Baba Adongo
BACKGROUND: Three-quarters of sub-Saharan Africa's urban population currently live under slum conditions making them susceptible to ill health and diseases. Ghana characterizes the situation in many developing countries where the urban poor have become a group much afflicted by complex health problems associated with their living conditions, and the intra-city inequity between them and the more privileged urban dwellers with respect to health care accessibility. Adopting Ghana's rural Community-Based Health Planning and Service (CHPS) programme in urban areas is challenging due to the differences in social networks and health challenges thus making modifications necessary...
March 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553449/the-multi-family-approach-to-facilitate-a-family-support-network-for-palestinian-parents-of-children-with-a-disability-a-descriptive-study
#19
Trudy Mooren, Yoke Rabaia, Suzan Mitwalli, Relinde Reiffers, Rosemarijn Koenen, Marguerithe de Man
BACKGROUND: Families with a child who has a disability have extra difficulties, particularly when services are hard to reach or less available. In a collaborative project, the Institute of Community and Public Health, the Palestinian community-based rehabilitation programme, and international non-governmental organisations cooperated to share and develop expertise and knowledge on increasing families' resilience through establishing family groups. This contribution focuses on the use of the Multi-Family Approach (MFA) in a Palestinian context...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547342/policy-interventions-shaping-hiv-prevention-providers-active-role-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#20
Rogério M Pinto, Susan S Witte, Prema L Filippone, C Jean Choi, Melanie Wall
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions project has disseminated HIV behavioral interventions (EBIs) across the United States since the 1990s. In 2011, the CDC launched the High-Impact HIV Prevention (HIP) project, providing EBIs plus high-impact services (HIV testing, primary care, and support services). Providers (nurses, social workers, educators) are unable to consistently make linkages; thus, numerous at-risk individuals are not benefitting from HIP...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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