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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822253/clout-or-doubt-perspectives-on-an-infant-mental-health-service-for-young-children-placed-in-foster-care-due-to-abuse-and-neglect
#1
Fiona Turner-Halliday, Gary Kainth, Genevieve Young-Southward, Richard Cotmore, Nicholas Watson, Lynn McMahon, Helen Minnis
Despite knowledge about the profound effects of child abuse and neglect, we know little about how best to assess whether maltreated children should return home. The effectiveness of the New Orleans Intervention Model (NIM) is being tested in a randomized controlled trial where the comparison is social work 'services as usual.' The future trial results will tell us which approach produces the best outcomes for children; meanwhile qualitative process evaluation is generating intriguing findings about the perceived impact of NIM on decision-making about childrens' futures...
August 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821508/a-novel-income-security-intervention-to-address-poverty-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review
#2
Marcella K Jones, Gary Bloch, Andrew D Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development and implementation of a novel income security intervention in primary care. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive chart review of all patients referred to the Income Security Heath Promotion service during the first year of the service (December 2013-December 2014). SETTING: A multisite interdisciplinary primary care organisation in inner city Toronto, Canada, serving over 40 000 patients. PARTICIPANTS: The study population included 181 patients (53% female, mean age 48 years) who were referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service and engaged in care...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#3
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816103/assessment-of-work-related-accidents-associated-with-waste-handling-in-belo-horizonte-brazil
#4
Marcos Pg Mol, Amanda F Pereira, Dirceu B Greco, Sandy Cairncross, Leo Heller
As more urban solid waste is generated, managing it becomes ever more challenging and the potential impacts on the environment and human health also become greater. Handling waste - including collection, treatment and final disposal - entails risks of work accidents. This article assesses the perception of waste management workers regarding work-related accidents in domestic and health service contexts in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. These perceptions are compared with national data from the Ministry of Social Security on accidents involving workers in solid waste management...
August 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809948/-when-i-first-saw-a-condom-i-was-frightened-a-qualitative-study-of-sexual-behavior-love-and-life-of-young-cross-border-migrants-in-urban-chiang-mai-thailand
#5
Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Veruree Manoyos, Teeranee Techasrivichien, S Pilar Suguimoto, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara, Suwat Chariyalertsak
BACKGROUND: Many young migrant workers move across the border to Chiang Mai, a major city in Northern Thailand, in search of work opportunities. This study describes their sexual behavior, lifestyles, relationships and experiences with youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. METHODS: This is the qualitative arm of a mixed methods study using focus group discussions (FGDs) among young MWs aged 15-24 years in urban Chiang Mai. We conducted 6 FGDs with 84 participants (43 males, 41 females) organized in groups of 10-15 people, including 3 groups of males, 2 groups of females, and 1 group of both males and females...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807132/primary-health-care-workers-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-depression-and-its-management-in-the-mehpric-p-project-lagos-nigeria
#6
Abiodun O Adewuya, Tomilola Adewumi, Bolanle Ola, Olayinka Abosede, Abiodun Oyeneyin, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perceived challenges and attitude of primary health care (PHC) workers in Lagos to depression and its management in the PHC. METHODS: Health workers (n=607) from 49 "flagship" PHCs in Lagos were evaluated for their level of knowledge, experience, competence, attitude and perceived challenges to managing depression in the primary care using a case vignette. RESULTS: More than half (56.2%) of the health workers correctly diagnosed depression...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806593/supporting-people-with-young-onset-dementia-and-their-families-an-evaluation-of-a-training-course-for-care-workers
#7
Raymond Smith, Ann Ooms, Nan Greenwood
This article reports the findings of an evaluation of a training course for care workers who care for people with dementia in the community. Twenty-four care workers participated in the training which took place in London and Surrey, United Kingdom. The training had a significant positive impact on participants' confidence in understanding the experiences and social care needs of people with young onset dementia (YOD) and their families. Participants also perceived that the training would help them improve their working practice by furthering their understanding of practical approaches to supporting and caring for people with dementia in general...
August 8, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803085/palliative-care-in-south-africa
#8
Cornelia Drenth, Zodwa Sithole, Esme Pudule, Sheryl Wüst, Nicola GunnClark, Liz Gwyther
The Hospice Palliative Care Association (HPCA) was established in 1987 by hospices in South Africa who felt the need for a national body to share best practices and to promote palliative care services in South Africa. HPCA supports member hospices in providing palliative care to people of any age with a life-limiting condition. HPCA has the further aim to ensure access to palliative care in settings other than member hospices. Many projects were launched over the years to influence policy, and to educate medical practitioners, nurses, social workers, theologians, and community caregiver; and to develop services...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801002/legal-support-for-palliative-care-patients
#9
Tamar Ezer, Naomi Burke-Shyne, Kiera Hepford
CONTEXT: Palliative care patients face legal issues which impact their quality of life. Legal support, embedded in holistic palliative care services, has developed globally over the last decade to address this. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to trace the origins of legal support for palliative care patients, detail models of legal support, and describe achievements and challenges. METHODS: The paper draws on years of work in this area, as well as the available literature...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799324/reviewing-independent-access-to-hiv-testing-counselling-and-treatment-for-adolescents-in-hiv-specific-laws-in-sub-saharan-africa-implications-for-the-hiv-response
#10
Patrick M Eba, HyeYoung Lim
INTRODUCTION: AIDS is a leading cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, legal, policy and social barriers continue to restrict their access to HIV services. In recent years, access to independent HIV testing and treatment for adolescents has gained increased attention. The 2013 WHO Guidance on HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV (WHO Guidance) calls for reviewing legal and regulatory frameworks to facilitate adolescents' access to comprehensive HIV services...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795463/social-work-generated-evidence-in-traumatic-brain-injury-from-1975-to-2014-a-systematic-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Andy Mantell, Grahame Kenneth Simpson, Martha Vungkhanching, Kate Fiona Jones, Thomas Strandberg, Patti Simonson
The International Network for Social Workers in Acquired Brain Injury (INSWABI) commissioned a systematic scoping review to ascertain the social work-generated evidence base on people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of working age. The review aimed to identify the output, impact and quality of publications authored by social workers on this topic. Study quality was evaluated through assessment frameworks drawn from the United Kingdom National Service Framework for Long-Term Conditions. In the 40-year period from 1975 to 2014, 115 items were published that met the search criteria (intervention studies, n = 10; observational studies, n = 52; literature reviews, n = 6; expert opinion or policy analysis, n = 39; and others, n = 8)...
August 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789653/occupational-status-as-a-determinant-of-mental-health-inequities-in-french-young-people-is-fairness-needed-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-observational-survey
#12
Marie Blanquet, Emilie Labbe-Lobertreau, Catherine Sass, Dominique Berger, Laurent Gerbaud
BACKGROUND: Employment conditions are associated with health inequities. In 2013, French young people had the highest unemployment rate and among those who worked as salaried workers most of them had temporary job. The purpose of the study was to assess mental health state of French young people through the prism of their occupational status and to measure whether occupational status is a determinant of health inequities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre observational survey was performed in June and July 2010 in 115 French Local Social Centres and 74 Health Examination Centres, who were available to participate...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789607/assessing-the-validity-of-the-triage-risk-screening-tool-in-a-third-world-setting
#13
Ravi Lalla, Ian Sammy, Joanne Paul, Paula Nunes, Vidya Ramcharitar Maharaj, Paula Robertson
Background Social risk is rarely evaluated in older emergency department (ED) patients, although its identification can reduce re-attendance. Objectives This study assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the Triage Risk Screening Tool (TRST) in the ED of a developing country. Methods The diagnostic accuracy of the TRST to detect elderly adults in need of social service intervention was compared with routine clinical evaluation, using comprehensive evaluation by an experienced social worker as the "gold standard"...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771868/aboriginal-parent-support-a-partnership-approach
#14
Ailsa Munns, Christine Toye, Desley Hegney, Marion Kickett, Rhonda Marriott, Roz Walker
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was positioned within a larger action research study relating to a peer-led Aboriginal home visiting parent support program in an urban Western Australian setting. The aims for this study component were to identify program elements, exploring participants' perceptions of the program's suitability, feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness to inform program model recommendations and add to the body of knowledge on effective Aboriginal peer-led program models...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768679/supporting-family-carers-in-home-based-end-of-life-care-using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-training-programme-for-support-workers-and-volunteers
#15
Glenys Caswell, Beth Hardy, Gail Ewing, Sheila Kennedy, Jane Seymour
BACKGROUND: Family carers are crucial in enabling dying people to stay at home, but are often not prepared for their caring role, receiving little support from formal health and social care services. It is increasingly likely that any help or support family carers receive will be provided by a third sector organisation on either a voluntary basis or by untrained carer support workers. OBJECTIVES: To produce a training programme designed to equip carer support workers and volunteers with the basic skills and knowledge needed to support family carers...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768229/individual-resilience-as-a-strategy-to-counter-employment-barriers-for-people-with-epilepsy-in-zimbabwe
#16
Jacob Mugumbate, Mel Gray
Understanding individual resilience helps to improve employment opportunities of people with epilepsy. This is significant because, in Zimbabwe, as in many other countries in the Global South, people with epilepsy encounter several barriers in a context of less-than-ideal public services. Despite this disadvantage, some people with epilepsy have better employment outcomes for reasons including level of seizure control, social background, employment support services, and individual resilience. This article reports on data from participants (n=8), who were part of a larger study (n=30) on employment experiences of people with epilepsy in Harare...
July 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762894/how-patients-navigate-the-diagnostic-ecosystem-in-a-fragmented-health-system-a-qualitative-study-from-india
#17
Vijayashree Yellapa, Narayanan Devadasan, Anja Krumeich, Nitika Pant Pai, Caroline Vadnais, Madhukar Pai, Nora Engel
BACKGROUND: Depending on a country's diagnostic infrastructure, patients and providers play different roles in ensuring that correct and timely diagnosis is made. However, little is known about the work done by patients in accessing diagnostic services and completing the 'test and treat' loop. OBJECTIVE: To address this knowledge gap, we traced the diagnostic journeys of patients with tuberculosis, diabetes, hypertension and typhoid, and examined the work they had to do to arrive at a diagnosis...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762008/an-evaluation-of-social-work-services-in-a-cancer-accommodation-facility-for-rural-south-australians
#18
Bonnie Wiggins, Nadia Corsini, Imogen Ramsey, Suzanne Edwards, Deb Ball, Lesley Cocks, Jo Lill, Greg Sharplin, Carlene Wilson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the social work service at an accommodation facility for people receiving cancer treatment away from home with a focus on distress, impact of support, and type of assistance received from the social work service. METHOD: Guests who stayed at the Cancer Council Lodge during June 2015 were mailed a questionnaire collecting information about level of distress upon arrival and departure, impact of support in several areas, and what the service assisted them with specifically...
July 31, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759575/barriers-to-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-services-as-experienced-by-female-sex-workers-and-service-providers-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh
#19
Tasnuva Wahed, Anadil Alam, Salima Sultana, Monjur Rahman, Nazmul Alam, Monika Martens, Ratana Somrongthong
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the barriers female sex workers (FSWs) in Bangladesh face with regard to accessing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care, and assess the satisfaction with the healthcare received. METHODS: Data were collected from coverage areas of four community-based drop-in-centers (DICs) in Dhaka where sexually transmitted infection (STI) and human immunovirus (HIV) prevention interventions have been implemented for FSWs. A total of 731 FSWs aged 15-49 years were surveyed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754044/relational-approach-to-ethics-and-quality-improvement-in-institutional-care-for-people-with-dementia
#20
Dana Hradcová
BACKGROUND: Autonomy has become a key organizing principle in the official and expert discourses of the social services focused on strengthening of clients' independence and self-sufficiency. While "caring" has been seen as a threat to the autonomy of an individual, the care dependency and need for palliative care for people with dementia living in residential institutions are growing. METHODS: Participatory action research was realized in 9 homes providing services for people with dementia with the aim to improve the quality of care...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
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