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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914463/motivational-interviewing-in-long-term-sickness-absence-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-followed-by-qualitative-and-economic-studies
#1
Lene Aasdahl, Vegard Stolsmo Foldal, Martin Inge Standal, Roger Hagen, Roar Johnsen, Marit Solbjør, Marius Steiro Fimland, Heidi Fossen, Chris Jensen, Gunnhild Bagøien, Vidar Halsteinli, Egil Andreas Fors
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI), mainly used and shown effective in health care (substance abuse, smoking cessation, increasing exercise and other life style changes), is a collaborative conversation (style) about change that could be useful for individuals having problems related to return to work (RTW). The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of MI on RTW among sick listed persons compared to usual care, in a social security setting...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913994/patients-referred-from-a-multidisciplinary-pain-clinic-to-the-social-worker-their-general-health-pain-condition-treatment-and-outcome
#2
Heli Aho, Timo Kauppila, Maija Haanpää
Background and aims As far as we know, the range of issues particular to social work, when working with clients at a pain clinic has not been previously researched. Methods A retrospective study of referrals at the multidisciplinary Pain Clinic of Helsinki University Central Hospital was conducted based on medical records, focusing on pain conditions, treatments and patient flow. Variables used were age, gender, pain conditions, treatment interventions, pain duration and intensity, disruption in everyday life due to pain, psychiatric co-morbidities, referrals, outside care providers, post-treatment care and health habits...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913988/patients-referred-from-a-multidisciplinary-pain-clinic-to-the-social-worker-their-socio-demographic-profile-and-the-contribution-of-the-social-worker-to-the-management-of-the-patients
#3
Heli Aho, Timo Kauppila, Maija Haanpää
Background and aims Social factors and social environment shape the pain behavior of patients. Social workers support pain treatment in a multidisciplinary pain clinic by altering the social environment of a patient. Even though a social worker in a multi-professional care team contributes to the care of select, severely pain-afflicted patients extensively, neither the patient socio-demographic status nor interventions by social workers have been systematically documented. Only individual case histories have been published...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912814/factors-associated-with-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-brazil
#4
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Arthur Pate de Souza Ferreira, Orlando da Costa Ferreira-Júnior, Inês Dourado
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are one of the most-at-risk population groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This paper aims at identifying the main predictors of HIV infection among FSW recruited in the 2nd Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey in 12 Brazilian cities in 2016. METHOD: Data were collected on 4245 FSW recruited by respondent driven sampling (RDS). Weights were inversely proportional to participants' network sizes. To establish the correlates of HIV infection, we used logistic regression models taking into account the dependence of observations resultant from the recruitment chains...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911521/integrated-perinatal-mental-health-care-a-national-model-of-perinatal-primary-care-in-vulnerable-populations
#5
Kimberly C Lomonaco-Haycraft, Jennifer Hyer, Britney Tibbits, Jennifer Grote, Kelly Stainback-Tracy, Claire Ulrickson, Alison Lieberman, Lies van Bekkum, M Camille Hoffman
IntroductionPerinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are the most common complication of pregnancy and have been found to have long-term implications for both mother and child. In vulnerable patient populations such as those served at Denver Health, a federally qualified health center the prevalence of PMADs is nearly double the nationally reported rate of 15-20%. Nearly 17% of women will be diagnosed with major depression at some point in their lives and those numbers are twice as high in women who live in poverty...
June 18, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907099/loss-of-job-related-right-to-healthcare-associated-with-employment-turnover-challenges-for-the-mexican-health-system
#6
Germán Guerra, Emilio Gutiérrez-Calderón, Nelly Salgado de Snyder, Víctor Hugo Borja-Aburto, Adolfo Martínez-Valle, Miguel Ángel González-Block
BACKGROUND: The Mexican health system segments access and right to healthcare according to worker position in the labour market. In this contribution we analyse how access and continuity of healthcare gets interrupted by employment turnover in the labour market, including its formal and informal sectors, as experienced by affiliates to the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) at national level, and of workers with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Mexico City. METHODS: Using data from the National Employment and Occupation Survey, 2014, and from IMSS electronic medical records for workers in Mexico City, we estimated annual employment turnover rates to measure the loss of healthcare access due to labour market dynamics...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906320/linking-interprofessional-work-to-outcomes-for-employees-a-meta-analysis
#7
Sabine Kaiser, Joshua Patras, Monica Martinussen
The aim of this meta-analysis of studies of workers in the health and social care sector was to examine the relationship between interprofessional work and employee outcomes of job stress, autonomy, burnout, engagement, job satisfaction, turnover intention, and perceived service quality, and to examine the influence of different moderators on those relationships. A systematic literature search of the PsycInfo, Embase, Medline, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases was conducted to identify relevant articles...
June 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901716/nursing-home-residents-legal-access-to-onsite-professional-psychosocial-care-federal-and-state-regulations-do-not-meet-minimum-professional-social-work-standards
#8
Mercedes Bern-Klug, Elizabeth Byram, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Herminia Gamez Garcia, Kyle C Burke
Background and Objective: The federal government holds nursing homes (NHs) responsible for assessing and addressing resident psychosocial needs. The staff person most responsible for psychosocial care planning is the social worker. However, the federal government requires only NHs with 120+ beds to employ one full-time social worker, and that person need not hold a social work degree. We compare/contrast state laws against federal laws and professional standards in terms of the minimum qualifications of NH social workers to determine in which states NH residents are legally entitled to receive services from a professional social work staff member...
June 13, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898191/satisfaction-and-burden-of-mental-health-personnel-data-from-healthcare-services-for-substance-users-and-their-families
#9
Juliana B Hilgert, Augusto B Bidinotto, Mayra P Pachado, Letícia S Fara, Lisia von Diemen, Raquel B De Boni, Mary C Bozzetti, Flávio Pechansky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction and burden of mental health personnel providing mental health services for substance users and their families. METHOD: Five hundred twenty-seven mental health workers who provide treatment for substance users in five Brazilian states were interviewed. Data on sociodemographic characteristics and measures of satisfaction (SATIS-BR) and burden of mental health personnel (IMPACTO-BR) were collected. RESULTS: Type of mental health service and educational attainment were associated with degree of satisfaction and burden...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891899/emerging-trends-in-childhood-blindness-and-ocular-morbidity-in-india-the-pavagada-pediatric-eye-disease-study-2
#10
Vasudha Kemmanu, Subramanya K Giliyar, Bhujanga K Shetty, Arvind Kumar Singh, Govindasamy Kumaramanickavel, Catherine A McCarty
AIM: To discuss the aims, methods, and results of a population-based cross-sectional prevalence survey of children ≤15 years, in South India and compare it with a study conducted earlier, in the same area. We also discuss the changing trends in the domain of childhood blindness in India. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional prevalence survey of children ≤15 years, in Pavagada and Madhugiri taluks of Tumkur district in Karnataka state in south India, was conducted in 2 phases...
June 11, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890449/linking-at-risk-south-african-girls-to-sexual-violence-and-reproductive-health-services-a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-a-soccer-based-hiv-prevention-program-and-pilot-sms-campaign
#11
Katherine G Merrill, Jamison C Merrill, Rebecca B Hershow, Chris Barkley, Boitumelo Rakosa, Jeff DeCelles, Abigail Harrison
Grassroot Soccer developed SKILLZ Street-a soccer-based life skills program with a supplementary SMS platform-to support adolescent girls at risk for HIV, violence, and sexual and reproductive health challenges. We conducted a mixed-methods assessment of preliminary outcomes and implementation processes in three primary schools in Soweto, South Africa, from August to December 2013. Quantitative methods included participant attendance and SMS platform usage tracking, pre/post questionnaires, and structured observation...
April 30, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890215/prior-trauma-exposure-and-serious-illness-at-end-of-life-a-national-study-of-children-in-the-us-foster-care-system-from-2005-to-2015
#12
Lisa C Lindley, Elspeth M Slayter
CONTEXT: Children in foster care suffer with serious illness at end of life. However, the relationship between prior trauma exposure and serious illness has received little empirical attention. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to examine the prevalence and type of trauma exposure, and investigate the relationship between prior trauma and serious illness among foster children at end of life. METHODS: We used national longitudinal foster care data...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881629/how-do-health-care-workers-manage-a-patient-with-multiple-care-needs-from-both-health-and-social-care-services-a-vignette-study
#13
Tuulikki Vehko, Outi Jolanki, Anna-Mari Aalto, Timo Sinervo
Introduction: To assess how health care professionals outline the management of care and explore which health or social care professionals were involved in the patient's treatment. Methods: A survey with a patient vignette for general practitioners (n = 31) and registered nurses (n = 31) working daily in Finnish health centres located in four cities. Respondents answered structural questions and explained in detail the care process that they tailored for the patient...
June 2018: International Journal of Care Coordination
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880052/understanding-the-complex-relationships-among-actors-involved-in-the-implementation-of-public-private-mix-ppm-for-tb-control-in-india-using-social-theory
#14
Solomon Salve, Kristine Harris, Kabir Sheikh, John D H Porter
BACKGROUND: Public Private Partnerships (PPP) are increasingly utilized as a public health strategy for strengthening health systems and have become a core component for the delivery of TB control services in India, as promoted through national policy. However, partnerships are complex systems that rely on relationships between a myriad of different actors with divergent agendas and backgrounds. Relationship is a crucial element of governance, and relationship building an important aspect of partnerships...
June 7, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877762/uk-paramedics-confidence-in-identifying-child-sexual-abuse-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#15
Mike Brady
United Kingdom (UK) paramedics are in a prime position to identify children and young people who are victims or at risk of sexual abuse. Paramedics have access, by phone, or in person, to unprepared homes and communities which other health professionals such as social workers may not. Little research exists however, investigating UK paramedic confidence in identifying child sexual abuse. This mixed-method explanatory sequential investigation used the self-reported confidence levels of 276 UK paramedics to inform the design of seven semi-structured focus groups with 25 UK paramedics from a large ambulance service with operating models similar to all UK services...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871624/why-do-rural-women-in-the-most-remote-and-poorest-areas-of-zambia-predominantly-attend-only-one-antenatal-care-visit-with-a-skilled-provider-a-qualitative-inquiry
#16
Choolwe Jacobs, Charles Michelo, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: While focused antenatal care (ANC) has served as an entry point in the continuum of care for both mothers and children, fewer than a third of pregnant women in the most remote and poorest communities of Zambia achieve the four ANC visits recommended by the World Health Organization. Current evidence suggests that attending ANC provided by a skilled healthcare worker at least once is common and associated with skilled birth attendance. The aim of this study was to explain why one ANC visit with a skilled provider seemed more common than four ANC visits among women in the remote and poorest districts of Zambia...
June 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865157/the-impact-of-austerity-on-mental-health-service-provision-a-uk-perspective
#17
Ian Cummins
This is a discussion paper which examines the impact of austerity policies on the provision of mental health services in the United Kingdom. Austerity is a shorthand for a series of policies introduced by the Conservative and Liberal Democrat Coalition government in the UK from 2010 onwards. In response to the fiscal crisis following the bail out of the banks in 2008, it was argued that significant reductions in public spending were required. The background to these policies is examined before a consideration of their impact on mental health services...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859389/migration-among-temporary-foreign-workers-examining-health-and-access-to-health-care-among-filipina-live-in-caregivers
#18
Jessica Krystle Carlos, Kathi Wilson
In 2015, approximately 14,000 migrants were accepted into Canada as live-in caregivers. While extensive research has documented the working conditions of migrant live-in caregivers, few studies examine the health experiences of this population related to their employment as caregivers. This research examines the relationship between employment under the Federal Government's (Live-in) Caregiver Program and health and access to healthcare services among 21 Filipina caregivers working in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario...
May 26, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859066/impact-of-organizational-climate-on-organizational-commitment-and-perceived-organizational-performance-empirical-evidence-from-public-hospitals
#19
Aysen Berberoglu
BACKGROUND: Extant literature suggested that positive organizational climate leads to higher levels of organizational commitment, which is an important concept in terms of employee attitudes, likewise, the concept of perceived organizational performance, which can be assumed as a mirror of the actual performance. For healthcare settings, these are important matters to consider due to the fact that the service is delivered thoroughly by healthcare workers to the patients. Therefore, attitudes and perceptions of the employees can influence how they deliver the service...
June 1, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851945/health-insurance-coverage-by-occupation-among-adults-aged-18-64-years-17-states-2013-2014
#20
Winifred L Boal, Jia Li, Aaron Sussell
Lack of health insurance has been associated with poorer health status and with difficulties accessing preventive health services and obtaining medical care, especially for chronic diseases (1-3). Among workers, the prevalence of chronic conditions, risk behaviors, and having health insurance has been shown to vary by occupation (4,5). CDC used data from the 2013 and 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimate the prevalence of having no health care coverage (e.g., health insurance, prepaid plans such as health maintenance organizations, government plans such as Medicare, or Indian Health Service) by occupation...
June 1, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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