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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042407/can-favourable-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-midlife-moderate-the-risk-of-work-exit-for-chronically-ill-workers-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-whitehall-ii-study
#1
Maria Fleischmann, Ewan Carr, Stephen A Stansfeld, Baowen Xue, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if favourable psychosocial working conditions can reduce the risk of work exit and specifically for workers with chronic disease. METHODS: Men and women (32%) aged 35-55, working and having no chronic disease at baseline of the Whitehall II study of London-based civil servants were selected (n=9040). We observed participants' exit from work through retirement, health-related exit and unemployment, new diagnosis of chronic disease (ie, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer) and their psychosocial working conditions in midlife...
October 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037298/determinants-of-multidrug-resistance-among-previously-treated-tuberculosis-patients-in-zimbabwe-2014
#2
G Muchena, G Shambira, N Masuka, T Juru, N Gombe, L Takundwa, D Bangure, M Tshimanga
SETTING: Zimbabwe. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) among previously treated TB patients. DESIGN: A 1:3 case-control study with bivariate analysis and logistic regression. RESULTS: Risk factors for MDR-TB were history of nursing an MDR-TB patient (adjusted OR [aOR] 4.46, 95%CI 2.02-9.88), history of hospitalisation for 3 days (aOR 2.91, 95%CI 1.62-5.23) and history of foreign travel and stay outside Zimbabwe (aOR 2...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028559/-what-s-the-right-thing-to-do-correctional-healthcare-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-caring-for-transgender-inmates
#3
Kirsty A Clark, Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis
RATIONAL: Incarcerated transgender individuals may need to access physical and mental health services to meet their general and gender-affirming (e.g., hormones, surgery) medical needs while incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences providing care to transgender inmates. METHOD: In 2016, 20 correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, social workers, psychologists, mental health counselors) from New England participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews examining their experiences caring for transgender inmates...
October 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026396/willingness-by-people-living-with-hiv-aids-to-utilize-hiv-services-provided-by-village-health-team-workers-in-kalungu-district-central-uganda
#4
Mutaawe Lubogo, Ronald Anguzu, Humphrey Wanzira, Irene Namugwanya, Oliver Namuddu, Denis Ssali, Sylivia Nanyonga, Josephine Ssentongo, Janet Seeley
BACKGROUND: Less than one quarter of people in need have access to HIV services in Uganda. This study assessed willingness of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) to utilize HIV services provided by Village Health Teams (VHTs) in Kalungu district, central Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in two health facilities providing anti-retroviral therapy enrolled 312 PLWHAs. Pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires were administered to participants at household level...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025818/mental-health-and-addictions-capacity-building-for-community-health-centres-in-ontario
#5
Akwatu Khenti, Fiona C Thomas, Sirad Mohamoud, Pablo Diaz, Oriana Vaccarino, Kate Dunbar, Jaime C Sapag
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: In recent years, there has been increased recognition in Canada of the need to strengthen mental health services in primary health care (PHC). Collaborative models, including partnerships between PHC and specialized mental health care providers, have emerged as effective ways for improving access to mental health care and strengthening clinical capacity. Primary health care physicians and other health professionals are well positioned to facilitate the early detection of mental disorders and provide appropriate treatment and follow-up care, helping to tackle stigma toward mental health problems in the process...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#6
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018578/the-care-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-results-of-the-esmo-siope-survey
#7
Emmanouil Saloustros, Daniel P Stark, Kyriaki Michailidou, Giannis Mountzios, Laurence Brugieres, Fedro Alessandro Peccatori, Svetlana Jezdic, Samira Essiaf, Jean-Yves Douillard, Stefan Bielack
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer require dedicated clinical management and care. Little is known about the training and practice of European healthcare providers in regard to AYA and the availability of specialised services. METHODS: A link to an online survey was sent to members of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE). The link was also sent to ESMO National Representatives and circulated to other European oncology groups...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017083/social-workers-views-on-pre-trial-therapy-in-cases-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-south-africa
#8
Ansie Fouché, Liana M P le Roux
This study sought to explore anecdotal reports that social workers in South Africa are often advised to postpone therapy with child complainants of sexual abuse until after the child's testimony, based on concerns of legal professionals that therapeutic interventions could influence the child's testimony. Applying purposive sampling and a qualitative research study, individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 18 social workers and one psychologist that provide therapeutic services to child complainants of sexual abuse in the Gauteng province...
October 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992541/pastoral-power-in-hiv-prevention-converging-rationalities-of-care-in-christian-and-medical-practices-in-papua-new-guinea
#9
P Shih, H Worth, J Travaglia, A Kelly-Hanku
In his conceptualisation of pastoral power, Michel Foucault argues that modern healthcare practices derive a specific power technique from pastors of the early Christian church. As experts in a position of authority, pastors practise the care of others through implicitly guiding them towards thoughts and actions that effect self-care, and towards a predefined realm of acceptable conduct, thus having a regulatory effect. This qualitative study of healthcare workers from two Christian faith-based organisations in Papua New Guinea examines the pastoral rationalities of HIV prevention practices which draw together globally circulated modern medical knowledge and Christian teachings in sexual morality for implicit social regulation...
September 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986993/children-in-out-of-home-care-are-at-high-risk-of-somatic-dental-and-mental-ill-health
#10
L S Randsalu, L Laurell
AIM: The Swedish Social Board has implemented a support strategy to guide out-of-home care for children, which translates as children's needs in focus (CNIF) and includes a systematic health assessment. It was fully introduced into the Skåne province in 2012 and our study covered the first four years of the CNIF health assessments, from 2012-2015. METHODS: We studied children aged 0-17 years in out-of-home care who had been referred by social workers for a CNIF health assessment, using their medical records to investigate both their health and the value of the health assessments...
October 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985399/have-community-health-workers-increased-the-delivery-of-maternal-and-child-healthcare-in-india
#11
Abram L Wagner, Julia M Porth, Deepti Bettampadi, Matthew L Boulton
Background: Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are community health workers in rural India. This study estimates the proportion of villages with an ASHA and examines the impact of increased ASHA placement on changes in healthcare. Methods: Information about ASHA placement and maternal and child healthcare was obtained from the District-Level Household Surveys from 2007 to 2008 and 2012 to 2013. In this ecological analysis, the difference in district-level proportions of maternal and child healthcare outcomes between 2012-13 and 2007-08 was regressed onto the difference in ASHA placement between those years...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975453/defining-the-role-of-the-community-health-worker-within-a-federal-healthy-start-care-coordination-team
#12
Jennifer E Raffo, Celeste Lloyd, Monica Collier, LaDynah Slater, Belinda Cunningham, Katherine Penninga, Susan Henning, Janis Coil, Bonita Agee, Veronica Quintino-Aranda, Peggy VanderMeulen, Lee Anne Roman
Introduction Federal and state policies often require utilization of evidence-based home visiting programs. Measurement of specified interventions is important for tracking program implementation and achieving program outcomes. Thus, the Strong Beginnings program worked to define community health worker (CHW) interventions, a core service of the program to improve maternal and child health. Methods A workgroup consisting of CHWs, supervisors and other program staff was created in order to develop and define specific CHW interventions within a nurse or social worker care team...
October 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974208/using-contraceptives-to-delay-first-birth-a-qualitative-study-of-individual-community-and-health-provider-perceptions-in-southern-tanzania
#13
Yovitha Sedekia, Caroline Jones, Rose Nathan, Joanna Schellenberg, Tanya Marchant
BACKGROUND: Young adolescents and unmarried women in low and middle income countries face challenges in accessing family planning services. One factor likely to limit contraceptive use is the attitude and opinion of local stakeholders such as community leaders and health workers. Much of the existing evidence on this topic focuses on women who have already started childbearing. Using primary qualitative data, we explored individual, community and health provider's perceptions about using modern contraceptives to delay the first birth in a high fertility setting...
October 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973515/barriers-and-enablers-of-kangaroo-mother-care-implementation-from-a-health-systems-perspective-a-systematic-review
#14
Grace Chan, Ilana Bergelson, Emily R Smith, Tobi Skotnes, Stephen Wall
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is an evidence-based intervention that reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, adoption among health systems has varied. Understanding the interaction between health system functions-leadership, financing, healthcare workers (HCWs), technologies, information and research, and service delivery-and KMC is essential to understanding KMC adoption. We present a systematic review of the barriers and enablers of KMC implementation from the perspective of health systems, with a focus on HCWs and health facilities...
August 24, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971717/perceptions-of-support-among-swedish-parents-of-children-after-end-of-successful-cancer-treatment-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#15
Laura Kukkola, Emma Hovén, Martin Cernvall, Louise von Essen, Helena Grönqvist
INTRODUCTION: Most children survive childhood cancer, however parenting a child diagnosed with cancer is a major challenge. The main aim of the current study was to describe Swedish parents' need, opportunity and benefit of support from healthcare professionals and significant others after end of a child's successful cancer treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was collected from approximately one week after end of successful treatment/six months after transplantation (T4, n = 212) up to five years thereafter (T7, n = 137)...
October 3, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970654/the-association-of-psychological-empowerment-and-job-burnout-in-operational-staff-of-tehran-emergency-center
#16
Aram Ghaniyoun, Khosro Shakeri, Mohammad Heidari
BACKGROUND: Workers in social service professions are the first candidates for job burnout. The researchers believe this is due to daily exposure to stressful situations and lack of positive conditions in the workplace. It seems that psychological empowerment of staff can affect their job burnout. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and job burnout in operational staff of emergency center. METHODS: This was a descriptive correlational study...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969490/reducing-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-drug-users-in-durban-south-africa-assessing-the-impact-of-community-level-risk-reduction-interventions
#17
C D H Parry, T Carney, P Petersen Williams
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) use is increasingly recognised as having a direct and indirect effect on the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, there is evidence to suggest that drug- and sex-related HIV risk-reduction interventions targeted at drug users within drug treatment centres or via community outreach efforts can lead to positive health outcomes. This study aimed to test whether a community-level intervention aimed at AOD users has an impact on risky AOD use and sexual risk behaviour...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968022/-a-new-stage-of-development-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-in-russia-problems-o-creation-of-a-geriatric-care-system-part-2-the-structure-of-the-system-scientific-approach
#18
V N Anisimov, V Yu Serpov, A V Finagentov, V Kh Khavinson
The publication is the second part of the analytical review on the new stage of development of gerontology and geriatrics in Russia. Components of social support system for senior citizens and the structure of social-medical care as its crucial components are presented. The problem of positioning of geriatric care within the system of social support for senior citizens, as well as its peculiarities and the algorithm providing geriatric care are discussed. The analysis of this algorithm allowed us to justify the indissoluble link and continuity of individual components of geriatric care and its cost-effectiveness...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961651/embedding-a-social-work-led-behavioral-health-program-in-a-primary-care-system-a-2012-2018-case-study
#19
Tim Rehner, Michelle Brazeal, Stephanie T Doty
INTRODUCTION: The focus of this case study was the implementation of a fully integrated system of care that brought mental health into a federally qualified health center's primary care activities. OBJECTIVE: The Mississippi Integrated Health and Disaster Program aimed to increase the federally qualified health center's capacity for providing mental health services and in so doing increase patients' access to mental and behavioral health services in primary care...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961077/boomer-matters-responding-to-emotional-health-needs-in-an-aging-society
#20
Deborah O'connor, Elizabeth Kelson
Across academic disciplines and in popular media, the baby boomer generation has been identified as a burgeoning aging population demographic with key differences from their parents' cohorts. As boomers enter old age and begin to access health and social care services, there is an expectation that support programs will need to change to respond to the particular needs of this distinct demographic. To better understand these expectations and their impact on social service provision, this study explores the experiences of boomer-aged adults accessing an emotional health program (EHP) in a Community-based Seniors' Centre, examining what the issues and needs of this group were and how they differed from an older cohort of EHP users...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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