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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738463/-a-cross-sectional-study-on-dyslipidemia-in-migrants-in-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region
#1
T Zhang, Q Zhou, Y G Qian, J Zhou, S J Wu, P Y Wang, A P Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in migrants in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods: A stratified multi-stage cluster equal size sampling was performed among the migrants aged ≥18 years who were engaged in manufacturing, wholesale retail, accommodation and catering service, social service, construction and other and 1 501 migrants from five area in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was investigated by means of questionnaires survey, physical measurements and laboratory detection...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737954/an-app-a-day-keeps-the-doctor-away-guided-education-and-training-via-smartphones-in-subthreshold-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Michael J Roy, Michelle E Costanzo, Krista B Highland, Cara Olsen, Denece Clayborne, Wendy Law
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are common in military service members (SMs), but stigma can impede treatment initiation. Smartphone applications (apps) are available anywhere, anytime, with the potential to both mitigate the impact of stigma and reduce PTSD symptom severity. We provided 144 SMs or family members, with subthreshold PTSD symptoms (PTSD Checklist [PCL] scores of 28-49), with apps promoting psychoeducation, social engagement, and relaxation and randomized them to 6 weeks of resilience enhancement (brief cognitive-behavioral session, followed by daily text messages directing app use) or a control group (daily text messages of inspirational quotes)...
July 24, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737558/upper-extremity-patterns-of-injury-and-management-at-a-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-referral-center-in-mexico-city
#3
Jose E Telich-Tarriba, Enrique Velazquez, Alberto Theurel-Cuevas, Kenji Shinji-Perez, Javier E Anaya-Ayala, Yusef Jimenez-Murat, Alexander Cardenas-Mejia
BACKGROUND: Acute upper extremity injuries remain one of the most common consultations in the emergency departments for plastic surgery services. These injuries can affect a person's quality of life and negatively affect work-related or social interactions if not properly managed. We aim to evaluate our experience and management in a specialized referral center in Mexico City. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed. All patients with hand trauma managed by our service from July 2010 to June 2015 were included; their demographic characteristics were described as well as the most common patterns of injury, management, and outcome...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737360/-capacity-of-response-of-the-health-system-to-the-expectations-of-populations-in-zones-exposed-to-results-based-financing-in-benin-in-2015
#4
Lamidhi Salami, Edgard-Marius Dona Ouendo, Benjamin Fayomi
Introduction: The increased use of results-based financing (RBF) services was the basis for this study designed to evaluate the contribution of RBF to the capacity of response of the health system to the population’s expectations. Methods: This study, conducted in six Benin health zones randomly selected in two strata exposed to RBF (FBR_PRPSS and FBR_PASS) and one zone not exposed to RBF (Non_FBR), examined the seven dimensions of reactivity. A score, followed by weighting of their attributes, was used to calculate the index of reactivity (IR)...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737356/-the-hospital-patients-health-and-territories-act-and-the-recentralisation-of-the-social-and-long-term-care-sector
#5
Alain Jourdain, Jorge Muñoz, Hervé Hudebine
Hypothesis: The 2009 Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories Act crystallises a central government attempt to regain control over the social and long term care sector, which involves the utilisation of policy instruments borrowed from the hospital sector: capped budgets, agreements on targets and resources, competitive tendering or quasi-market mechanisms involving hospitals and services, etc. This paper is therefore based on the hypothesis of a recentralisation and healthicization of the social and long term care sector, with a key role for the regional health authorities...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736884/direct-and-indirect-pathways-from-adverse-childhood-experiences-to-high-school-dropout-among-high-risk-adolescents
#6
Anne S Morrow, Miguel T Villodas
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with an increased risk for school dropout. This study examined pathways from childhood adversity to school dropout through academic, behavioral, emotional, and social pathways. Data were collected prospectively from 728 adolescents and their caregivers who participated in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect and from child protective services records. Path analyses revealed a direct association between ACEs and dropout, as well as indirect effects through poor reading achievement and elevated externalizing problems...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736867/volunteer-peer-support-and-befriending-for-carers-of-people-living-with-dementia-an-exploration-of-volunteers-experiences
#7
Raymond Smith, Vari Drennan, Ann Mackenzie, Nan Greenwood
With ageing populations and greater reliance on the voluntary sector, the number of volunteer-led peer support and befriending services for carers of people with dementia in England is set to increase. However, little is known about the experiences of the volunteers who deliver these interventions, many of whom are former carers. Using in-depth semi-structured interviews with 10 volunteer peer supporters and befrienders, this exploratory study investigated volunteers' experiences of delivering the support, the types of relationships they form with carers and their perceptions of its impact upon them and on carers...
July 24, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#8
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736806/a-skill-set-for-supporting-displaced-children-in-psychological-recovery-after-disasters
#9
REVIEW
Betty Pfefferbaum, Anne K Jacobs, Russell T Jones, Gilbert Reyes, Karen F Wyche
Helping children, adolescents, and families displaced following a natural disaster is a daunting task made more challenging by the relatively small research base to inform services and interventions. This paper describes the current literature pertaining to intervention practices used with displaced youth. Where gaps in the literature exist, we pull from the more general research on relocation and post-disaster intervention to assist practitioners in tailoring their efforts. Specifically discussed are ways to enhance youth resilience, to help youth build new social connections and adjust to change and uncertainty while coping with trauma-related symptoms, and to meet needs through the systems in which children are embedded...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736726/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-screening-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-within-primary-health-care-a-series-of-missed-opportunities
#10
Erika Langham, Janya McCalman, Veronica Matthews, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge, Barbara Nattabi, Irina Kinchin, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) is a critical determinant of health outcomes for Indigenous Australians. This study examined the extent to which primary healthcare services (PHSs) undertake SEWB screening and management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and the variation in SEWB screening and management across Indigenous PHS. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis between 2012 and 2014 of 3,407 Indigenous client records from a non-representative sample of 100 PHSs in 4 Australian states/territory was undertaken to examine variation in the documentation of: (1) SEWB screening using identified measurement instruments, (2) concern regarding SEWB, (3) actions in response to concern, and (4) follow up actions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736541/hallucinations-in-healthy-older-adults-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-perspectives-for-future-research
#11
REVIEW
Johanna C Badcock, Hedwige Dehon, Frank Larøi
KEY POINTS ➢ Studies suggest a substantial minority of healthy older adults have hallucinatory experiences, in line with existing evidence on hallucinations in other age groups, though it is still unclear if hallucination prevalence increases or declines with age in older cohorts.➢ Stigma attached to both hallucinations and ageing leads to considerable under-reporting of these experiences in healthy older adults and may negatively bias how professionals, family members, and the public respond.➢ Why and when hallucinations in healthy older adults remit, persist, or progress to other clinical disorders remains poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736396/using-theories-of-practice-to-understand-hiv-positive-persons-varied-engagement-with-hiv-services-a-qualitative-study-in-six-sub-saharan-african-countries
#12
Morten Skovdal, Alison Wringe, Janet Seeley, Jenny Renju, Sara Paparini, Joyce Wamoyi, Mosa Moshabela, William Ddaaki, Constance Nyamukapa, Kenneth Ondenge, Sarah Bernays, Oliver Bonnington
OBJECTIVES: This article considers the potential of 'theories of practice' for studying and understanding varied (dis)engagement with HIV care and treatment services and begins to unpack the assemblage of elements and practices that shape the nature and duration of individuals' interactions with HIV services. METHODS: We obtained data from a multicountry qualitative study that explores the use of HIV care and treatment services, with a focus on examining the social organisation of engagement with care as a practice and as manifested in the lives of people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736394/changing-forms-of-hiv-related-stigma-along-the-hiv-care-and-treatment-continuum-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-temporal-analysis
#13
O Bonnington, J Wamoyi, W Ddaaki, D Bukenya, K Ondenge, M Skovdal, J Renju, M Moshabela, A Wringe
OBJECTIVES: Stigma remains pervasive for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, undermining care engagement. Using everyday, biographical and epochal temporalities, we explored the manifestation of stigma at different stages of the HIV care continuum in seven health and demographic surveillance sites in Eastern and Southern Africa. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, we conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 264 PLHIV, 54 health providers and 48 family members of people who had died from HIV...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736392/-i-am-treated-well-if-i-adhere-to-my-hiv-medication-putting-patient-provider-interactions-in-context-through-insights-from-qualitative-research-in-five-sub-saharan-african-countries
#14
Ken Ondenge, Jenny Renju, Oliver Bonnington, Mosa Moshabela, Joyce Wamoyi, Constance Nyamukapa, Janet Seeley, Alison Wringe, Morten Skovdal
OBJECTIVES: The nature of patient-provider interactions and communication is widely documented to significantly impact on patient experiences, treatment adherence and health outcomes. Yet little is known about the broader contextual factors and dynamics that shape patient-provider interactions in high HIV prevalence and limited-resource settings. Drawing on qualitative research from five sub-Saharan African countries, we seek to unpack local dynamics that serve to hinder or facilitate productive patient-provider interactions...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735453/comparing-oral-health-services-use-in-the-spanish-and-immigrant-working-population
#15
Natalia Muñoz-Pino, Carmen Vives-Cases, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Elena Ronda-Pérez
We aim to analyze oral health services use and related factors in the immigrant working population compared to the Spanish counterparts. Cross-sectional study of working population (n = 8591) that responded Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), 2011-2012. The association between oral health services use and migration status was estimated using logistic regression. Immigrant men presented a greater probability of oral health service use a year or more prior (aOR 1.63; 95% CI 1.26-2.02), independently of oral health, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735376/the-socio-economic-impact-of-bariatric-surgery
#16
Arendse Tange Larsen, Betina Højgaard, Rikke Ibsen, Jakob Kjellberg
INTRODUCTION: A recurring argument for bariatric surgery is cost savings due to sustained weight loss and reductions in comorbidities. However, studies prompting this argument tend to focus only on health care costs, and in some of them, cost changes after surgery have been modelled. The aim of this study was to generate real-world evidence on the socio-economic impact of bariatric surgery, by evaluating the effect on both direct and indirect costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using real-world data from national registries, predictions of health care costs, social transfer payments and income were performed for a surgically treated individual and compared to those for a similar but non-surgically treated individual 3 years before and after surgery...
July 22, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735168/impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-depression-in-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-478-141-individuals-in-sweden
#17
Emma Björkenstam, Bo Vinnerljung, Anders Hjern
OBJECTIVE: Although the relationship between childhood adversity (CA) and depression is widely accepted, there is little information on what proportion of depression is attributable to CA. METHOD: We used a Swedish cohort of 478,141 individuals born in 1984-1988 in Sweden. Register-based CA indicators included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric morbidity, parental criminality, parental separation, public assistance recipiency, child welfare intervention, and residential instability...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734964/removing-user-fees-for-health-services-a-multi-epistemological-perspective-on-access-inequities-in-senegal
#18
Philipa Mladovsky, Maymouna Ba
Plan Sésame (PS) is a user fee exemption policy launched in 2006 to provide free access to health services to Senegalese citizens aged 60 and over. Analysis of a large household survey evaluating PS echoes findings of other studies showing that user fee removal can be highly inequitable. 34 semi-structured interviews and 19 focus group discussions with people aged 60 and over were conducted in four regions in Senegal (Dakar, Diourbel, Matam and Tambacounda) over a period of six months during 2012. They were analysed to identify underlying causes of exclusion from/inclusion in PS and triangulated with the household survey...
July 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#19
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734046/effect-of-a-community-based-service-learning-experience-in-geriatrics-on-internal-medicine-residents-and-community-participants
#20
Rachel K Miller, Jennifer Michener, Phyllis Yang, Karen Goldstein, Jennine Groce-Martin, Gala True, Jerry Johnson
Community-based service learning (CBSL) provides an opportunity to teach internal medicine residents the social context of aging and clinical concepts. The objectives of the current study were to demonstrate the feasibility of a CBSL program targeting internal medicine residents and to assess its effect on medical residents and community participants. internal medicine residents participated in a CBSL experience for half a day during ambulatory blocks from 2011 to 2014. Residents attended a senior housing unit or center, delivered a presentation about a geriatric health topic, toured the facility, and received information about local older adult resources...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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