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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324580/the-relationship-between-skating-economy-and-performance-during-a-repeated-shift-test-in-elite-and-sub-elite-ice-hockey-players
#1
Nicholas R Lamoureux, Grant R Tomkinson, Benjamin J Peterson, John S Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of skating economy to fatigue during repeated high-intensity efforts of a simulated ice hockey shift. Forty-five collegiate and Junior A male ice hockey players (aged 18-24 years) performed a continuous graded exercise test using a skate treadmill. Breath-by-breath data for oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) and respiratory exchange ratio were collected and used to derive energy expenditure (EE) averaged over the final 10 seconds of each stage...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318954/contribution-of-limbs-actions-to-the-four-competitive-swimming-strokes-a-nonlinear-approach
#2
Raul F Bartolomeu, Mário J Costa, Tiago M Barbosa
The aim of our study was to assess the effect of the limbs' actions on the nonlinear properties of the four competitive swimming strokes. Forty-nine swimmers performed all-out sprints at front-crawl, backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly, each one at full stroke (FS), only the arms' stroke (AS), and only leg kicking (LK), in a total of 12 bouts, 6 per day. A speedo-meter cable was attached to the swimmer's hip, to collect the speed-time raw data (f = 50Hz). Velocity, speed fluctuation, sample entropy and fractal dimension were derived from the speed-time series...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315164/effects-of-strength-training-on-postpubertal-adolescent-distance-runners
#3
Richard C Blagrove, Louis P Howe, Emily J Cushion, Adam Spence, Glyn Howatson, Charles R Pedlar, Philip R Hayes
PURPOSE: Strength training activities have consistently been shown to improve running economy (RE) and neuromuscular characteristics, such as force producing ability and maximal speed, in adult distance runners. However the effects on adolescent (<18 years) runners remains elusive. This randomized control trial aimed to examine the effect of strength training on several important physiological and neuromuscular qualities associated with distance running performance. METHODS: Participants (n=25, 13 female, 17...
January 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302753/a-comparison-between-the-force-velocity-relationships-of-unloaded-and-sled-resisted-sprinting-single-vs-multiple-trial-methods
#4
Matt R Cross, Pierre Samozino, Scott R Brown, Jean-Benoît Morin
PURPOSE: We sought to compare force-velocity relationships developed from unloaded sprinting acceleration to that compiled from multiple sled-resisted sprints. METHODS: Twenty-seven mixed-code athletes performed six to seven maximal sprints, unloaded and towing a sled (20-120% of body-mass), while measured using a sports radar. Two methods were used to draw force-velocity relationships for each athlete: A multiple trial method compiling kinetic data using pre-determined friction coefficients and aerodynamic drag at maximum velocity from each sprint; and a validated single trial method plotting external force due to acceleration and aerodynamic drag and velocity throughout an acceleration phase of an unloaded sprint (only)...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301682/altitude-influences-thermal-ecology-and-thermal-sensitivity-of-locomotor-performance-in-a-toad-headed-lizard
#5
Qiong Wu, Wei Dang, Ying-Chao Hu, Hong-Liang Lu
Population differentiation in ectotherm physiological performance may be driven by adapting to different thermal environments. In this study, we measured locomotor performance in two different altitude populations of the Qinghai toad-headed lizards (Phrynocephalus vlangalii) at different test temperatures to assess between-population differences in thermal sensitivity of sprint speed. Low-elevation lizards ran faster than high-elevation lizards at most test temperatures. Sprint speed varied with test temperature similarly between populations, but the thermal sensitivity (performance breadth) differed significantly...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284237/effect-of-3-year-education-in-the-main-fire-service-school-on-the-fitness-level-of-students
#6
Andrzej Tomczak, Jerzy Bertrandt, Anna Kłos, Wiesława Szymańska, Wanda Stankiewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine changes in the fitness level among students of the Main Fire Service School during 3-year's education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 75 male and 5 female students took part in the study. Fitness level measurements were carried out before beginning the studies (Measurement 0) and after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd years at the school (Measurement 1, 2, 3). The following tests were performed to estimate level of physical fitness for men: pull-ups on a bar, a 50 m sprint and 1,000 m run, and for women: sit-ups, medical ball (2 kg) throw from above the head and a 4 x10 m shuttle run...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283689/physiological-and-physical-responses-according-to-the-game-surface-in-a-soccer-simulation-protocol
#7
Jorge Lopez-Fernandez, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, Jorge García-Unanue, José Luis Felipe, Enrique Colino-Acevedo, Leonor Gallardo
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that soccer player's responses are similar on natural grass (NG) and artificial turf (AT), but they did not control the mechanical properties of these surfaces. This work aimed to analyse the influence of the game surface on amateur soccer player's physical and physiological responses using a soccer simulation protocol (SSP). METHODS: Sixteen amateur players performed three bouts of the SSP on AT and NG. The mechanical properties of both surfaces were recorded...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260420/physical-characteristics-of-players-within-the-australian-football-league-participation-pathways-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jade A Z Haycraft, Stephanie Kovalchik, David B Pyne, Sam Robertson
BACKGROUND: Australian football (AF) players require endurance, strength, speed, and agility to be successful. Tests assessing physical characteristics are commonly used for talent identification; however, their ability to differentiate between players across the Australian Football League's (AFL) participation pathway remains unclear. The objective of this review was to quantify the physical characteristics of male AF players across the AFL participation pathway. METHODS: A search of databases was undertaken...
December 19, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260403/bilateral-deficit-of-spring-like-behaviour-during-hopping-in-sprinters
#9
Mitsuo Otsuka, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Tadao Isaka
PURPOSE: Unilateral leg stiffness is a key contributor to sprint running speed, thereby great bilateral deficit (BLD) of leg stiffness would be expected to be observed in sprinters. However, it remains clear only BLD of leg stiffness at the preferred hopping frequency in non-sprinters. The purpose of this study was to clarify the BLD of spring-like behaviour in hopping at various frequencies and the effect of chronic adaptation via sprint running experience on BLD during the hopping. METHODS: Fifteen male experienced sprinters and 12 male novices participated in this study...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249177/active-recovery-intervals-restore-initial-performance-after-repeated-sprints-in-swimming
#10
Ioannis D Kostoulas, Argyris G Toubekis, Thrasivoulos Paxinos, Konstantinos Volaklis, Savvas P Tokmakidis
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of active recovery (AR) and passive recovery (PR) using short (2-min) and long (4-min) intervals on swimming performance. Twelve male competitive swimmers completed a progressively increasing speed test of 7 × 200-m swimming repetitions to locate the speed before the onset of curvilinear increase in blood lactate concentration (LT1). Subsequently, performance time of 6 × 50-m sprints was recorded during four different conditions: (i) 2-min PR (PR-2), (ii) 4-min PR (PR-4), (iii) 2-min AR (AR-2) and (iv) 4-min AR (AR-4) intervals...
December 17, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249083/effects-of-strength-training-on-the-physiological-determinants-of-middle-and-long-distance-running-performance-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Richard C Blagrove, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
BACKGROUND: Middle- and long-distance running performance is constrained by several important aerobic and anaerobic parameters. The efficacy of strength training (ST) for distance runners has received considerable attention in the literature. However, to date, the results of these studies have not been fully synthesized in a review on the topic. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to provide a comprehensive critical commentary on the current literature that has examined the effects of ST modalities on the physiological determinants and performance of middle- and long-distance runners, and offer recommendations for best practice...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248350/effectiveness-of-kinesiology-tape-on-sports-performance-abilities-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer C Reneker, Lisa Latham, Ryan McGlawn, Matthew R Reneker
OBJECTIVE: Establish the effectiveness of kinesiology tape (KT) on sports performance abilities compared to that of other tapes or no tape with consideration to the application methodology, timeframe, and outcome measurement. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and PEDro databases were systematically searched. The following inclusion criteria were applied: 1) participants were healthy athletes, 2) compared any brand of dynamic KT to other types of tape (sham or therapeutic) and/or no tape, 3) measured some construct of functional sports performance, 4) involved randomization...
October 9, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239989/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-3-flexibility-power-speed-balance-and-agility
#13
Sarah J de la Motte, Peter Lisman, Timothy C Gribbin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
We performed a systematic review and evaluation of the existing scientific literature on the association between flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility, and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between these physical fitness measures (flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility) and MSK-I. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233465/physical-demands-and-technical-performance-in-australian-football-league-women-s-aflw-competition-match-play
#14
Anthea C Clarke, Samuel Ryan, Georgia Couvalias, Ben J Dascombe, Aaron J Coutts, Thomas Kempton
OBJECTIVES: To compare positional differences in the physical and technical demands of Australian Football League Women's (AFLW) match-play. A secondary aim was to examine the time course changes in activity profiles during AFLW match-play. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. METHODS: Global positioning system data were collected from 26 players (6 positional groups) from the same club during seven AFLW matches. Absolute and relative physical performance data were categorised into total distance, high-speed running (>14...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228409/short-term-effects-of-combined-high-intensity-strength-and-sprint-interval-training-on-anthropometric-characteristics-and-physical-performance-of-elite-team-handball-players
#15
Souhail Hermassi, Mohamed Souhail Chelly, Georg Fieseler, Thomas Bartels, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Roy J Shepard, René Schwesig
Muscular strength and speed are critical physical factors in determining the technical and tactical skills of elite team handball players. This study thus investigated the effect of high-intensity muscular strength and sprint interval training (SIT) on lower limb explosive performance and anthropometric characteristics in 22 male handball athletes aged 20.2 ± 0.1 years. A training group (TG, n = 12) and a control group (CG, n = 10) were followed over 8 weeks parallel to regular handball training...
December 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199782/anthropometric-and-physiological-characteristics-of-male-soccer-players-according-to-their-competitive-level-playing-position-and-age-group-a-systematic-review
#16
Maamer Slimani, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present systematic review was to profile soccer players' anthropometric, physiological, and physical attributes relative to different competitive levels, playing positions and age groups. METHODS: The systematic search was conducted using different databases and according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) [PICO] criteria. RESULTS: The present review shows that the somatotype characteristics, percentage (%) of body fat, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), repeatedsprint ability (RSA), running speed, strength, and muscular power of the lower limbs were the most powerful discriminators between male soccer players of different competitive levels, playing positions, and age groups...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194185/does-maturity-status-affect-the-relationship-between-anaerobic-speed-reserve-and-multiple-sprints-sets-performance-in-young-soccer-players
#17
Mohamed Amin Selmi, Badriya Al-Haddabi, Mohamed Haj Yahmed, Radhouane Haj Sassi
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between repeated-sprint sets (RSS) performance indices and anaerobic speed reserve (ASR) in young soccer players of different maturity status. One hundred and seventy nine young male soccer players (11.1 to 17.8 years) classified as pre- (n=50), circum- (n=60), or post- (n=69) peak height velocity (PHV) performed multi-stage shuttle run test (MRST) to measure maximal aerobic speed (MAS), 30-m sprint with 10-m splits to estimate maximal anaerobic speed (MAnS), and RSS test...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189585/muscle-damage-and-metabolic-responses-to-repeated-sprint-running-with-and-without-deceleration
#18
Clare L Minahan, Daniel P Poke, Jaime Morrison, Phillip M Bellinger
This study aimed to determine whether repeated-sprint running with deceleration aggravates markers of muscle damage or delays the recovery of performance compared to repeated-sprint running without deceleration. Fourteen male team-sport athletes performed two randomly ordered testing sessions on a non-motorised treadmill with one session requiring participants to decelerate (TMd) within 4 s before stopping, or immediately step to the side of the treadmill belt at the completion of each sprint (TMa). Peak and mean velocities, speed decrement, blood lactate concentrations and oxygen uptake were monitored during the repeated-sprint running protocols...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183220/the-effect-of-low-volume-sprint-interval-training-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
Catriona MacLean, John Dillon, John A Babraj, Niels Bj Vollaard
OBJECTIVES: Exercise is an important part of disease management in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but adherence to current exercise recommendations is poor. Novel low-volume sprint interval training (SIT) protocols with total training time commitments of ≤30 min per week have been shown to improve cardiometabolic risk and functional capacity in healthy sedentary participants, but the efficacy of such protocols in the management of NAFLD remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine whether a low-volume SIT protocol can be used to improve liver function, insulin resistance, body composition, physical fitness, cognitive function and general well-being in patients with NAFLD...
December 1, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181250/the-efficacy-of-angle-matched-isokinetic-knee-flexor-and-extensor-strength-parameters-in-predicting-agility-test-performance
#20
Matt Greig, James Naylor
Background: Agility is a fundamental performance element in many sports, but poses a high risk of injury. Hierarchical modelling has shown that eccentric hamstring strength is the primary determinant of agility performance. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between knee flexor and extensor strength parameters and a battery of agility tests. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: Nineteen recreational intermittent games players completed an agility battery and isokinetic testing of the eccentric knee flexors (eccH) and concentric knee extensors (conQ) at 60, 180 and 300°·s-1...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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