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HIFU and Immune Changes

Mingming Zhu, Ziqi Sun, Chin K Ng
Thermal ablation techniques such as radiofrequency, microwave, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and laser have been used as minimally invasive strategies for the treatment of variety of cancers. MR thermometry methods are readily available for monitoring thermal distribution and deposition in real time, leading to decrease of incidents of normal tissue damage around targeted lesion. HIFU and laser-induced thermal therapy (LITT) are the two widely accepted tumor ablation techniques because of their compatibility with MR systems...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Yufeng Zhou
Pancreatic cancer is under high mortality but has few effective treatment modalities. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is becoming an emerging approach of noninvasively ablating solid tumor in clinics. A variety of solid tumors have been tried on thousands of patients in the last fifteen years with great success. The principle, mechanism, and clinical outcome of HIFU were introduced first. All 3022 clinical cases of HIFU treatment for the advanced pancreatic cancer alone or in combination with chemotherapy or radiotherapy in 241 published papers were reviewed and summarized for its efficacy, pain relief, clinical benefit rate, survival, Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) score, changes in tumor size, occurrence of echogenicity, serum level, diagnostic assessment of outcome, and associated complications...
2014: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Paul Morris, Andrew Hurrell, Adam Shaw, Edward Zhang, Paul Beard
A dual sensing fiber-optic hydrophone that can make simultaneous measurements of acoustic pressure and temperature at the same location has been developed for characterizing ultrasound fields and ultrasound-induced heating. The transduction mechanism is based on the detection of acoustically- and thermally-induced thickness changes in a polymer film Fabry-Perot interferometer deposited at the tip of a single mode optical fiber. The sensor provides a peak noise-equivalent pressure of 15 kPa (at 5 MHz, over a 20 MHz measurement bandwidth), an acoustic bandwidth of 50 MHz, and an optically defined element size of 10 microm...
June 2009: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Jin-yao Pan, Yan-hong Liu, Qi-hua Yang, Lin Jia, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the toxicity attenuation and efficacy potentiation effects of Fu Zheng Yang Yin Decoction with HIFU on the experimental model of VX2 liver cancer in rabbits. METHODS: The rabbits were all transplanted with VX2 cancer on livers. The 30 rabbits were divided into three groups: HIFU group (HIFU therapy), Combination group (HIFU + Fu Zheng Yang Yin decoction), Control group (without any treatment). Each group involved 10 rabbits. After treatment, the volume of the tumor was observed by sonography...
November 2007: Zhong Yao Cai, Zhongyaocai, Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials
Qiang Zhou, Xue-Qiang Zhu, Jun Zhang, Zhong-Lin Xu, Pei Lu, Feng Wu
Immunosuppression in a patient with malignant tumor is a major obstacle in cancer treatment. In this study, we investigated changes in the circulating level of all measured immunosuppressive cytokines in patients with malignancy before and after high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment. Fifteen patients with solid malignancy were enrolled in this study and an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to measure serum level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 10 (IL-10), respectively before and 1 wk after HIFU treatment...
January 2008: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Feng Wu, Zhi-Biao Wang, Pei Lu, Zhong-Li Xu, Wen-Zhi Chen, Hui Zhu, Cheng-Bing Jin
T cell-mediated immune responses represent the main cellular antitumor immunity in cancer patients. Recent studies have shown that that both surgical procedure and radiation therapy could cause the functional suppression of lymphocyte-mediated cellular immunity. The purpose of current study is to evaluate whether high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) might change a systemic antitumor immunity, particularly T lymphocyte-mediated immunity in cancer patients. A total of 16 patients with solid malignancies were treated with HIFU...
September 2004: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Gero Kramer, Georg E Steiner, Marion Gröbl, Kristian Hrachowitz, Franz Reithmayr, Ljubomir Paucz, Martin Newman, Stephan Madersbacher, Diego Gruber, Martin Susani, Michael Marberger
BACKGROUND: To investigate the possibilities offered by high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the field of tumor vaccination, we analyzed how prostatic cancer (CaP) cells react towards heat treatment and whether increased access to CaP cells by the immune system would be the result. METHODS: Heat/stress response of CaP cells in situ and of CaP cell lines was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and Atlas array. A heat-induced change in immune recognition was analyzed functionally using human T-helper (Th)1 and Th2-cytokine release with tumor infiltrating T-lymphocytes (TIL) as responder and autologous CaP cells either heated or untreated as stimulator cells...
February 1, 2004: Prostate
Xiao Wang, Jingzhong Sun
OBJECTIVES: To observe the efficacy of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment of late-stage pancreatic carcinoma and evaluate its influence on cell-mediated immunity in the host. METHODS: Fifteen patients with late-stage pancreatic carcinoma had their tumor tissue completely destroyed with HIFU. Evaluation of efficacy was made on the basis of clinical symptom changes, variations in tumor echo, changes in pancreatic amylase, serum CA19-9 and CA242, CD3(+), CD4(+) subsets, CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratios and NK cell activity...
September 2002: Chinese Medical Journal
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