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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535380/development-of-an-international-comorbidity-education-framework
#1
C Lawson, S Pati, J Green, G Messina, A Strömberg, N Nante, D Golinelli, A Verzuri, S White, T Jaarsma, P Walsh, P Lonsdale, U T Kadam
CONTEXT: The increasing number of people living with multiple chronic conditions in addition to an index condition has become an international healthcare priority. Health education curricula have been developed alongside single condition frameworks in health service policy and practice and need redesigning to incorporate optimal management of multiple conditions. AIM: Our aims were to evaluate current teaching and learning about comorbidity care amongst the global population of healthcare students from different disciplines and to develop an International Comorbidity Education Framework (ICEF) for incorporating comorbidity concepts into health education...
May 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534199/leveraging-the-u-s-criminal-justice-system-to-access-women-for-hiv-interventions
#2
REVIEW
Jaimie P Meyer, Dharushana Muthulingam, Nabila El-Bassel, Frederick L Altice
The criminal justice (CJ) system can be leveraged to access women for HIV prevention and treatment programs. Research is lacking on effective implementation strategies tailored to the specific needs of CJ-involved women. We conducted a scoping review of published studies in English from the United States that described HIV interventions, involved women or girls, and used the CJ system as an access point for sampling or intervention delivery. We identified 350 studies and synthesized data from 42 unique interventions, based in closed (n = 26), community (n = 7), or multiple/other CJ settings (n = 9)...
May 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533578/validity-and-reliability-assessment-of-the-persian-version-of-therapy-related-symptom-checklist
#3
Ava Mansouri, Rozita Motaghedi, Arash Rashidian, Asieh Ashouri, Mona Kagrar, Moluk Hajibabaei, Kheirollah Gholami, Shahla Ansari
Therapy-related symptom checklist for children (TRSC-C) was developed as a symptom assessment tool in children receiving chemotherapy. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of TRSC-C. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013-2014 in Tehran, Iran. TRSC-C was translated using backward-forward approach. The content validity, face validity, and comprehensiveness were investigated based on the opinion of experts. The item content validity index (I-CVI) and scale content validity index (S-CVI) were calculated by the mean approach and inter-rater agreement...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532034/in-vivo-investigations-and-cytotoxicity-tests-on-ti-zr-based-metallic-glasses-with-various-cu-contents
#4
C H Lin, C H Chen, Y S Huang, C H Huang, J C Huang, J S C Jang, Y S Lin
The Ti/Zr-based metallic glasses (MGs) with various Cu contents are prepared, with nominal compositions of Ti45Zr40Si15 (Cu-free), Ti45Zr40Si10Cu5 (low-Cu), and Ti45Zr20Cu35 (high-Cu). The mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and in-vitro biocompatibility of these MGs are investigated by means of nano-indentation, electrochemical analyses, MTS assays and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, as well as in-vivo biocompatibility in terms of scanning electron microscopy, micro-CT scans and histological observations...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527613/no-344-opportunistic-salpingectomy-and-other-methods-of-risk-reduction-for-ovarian-fallopian-tube-peritoneal-cancer-in-the-general-population
#6
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the potential benefits of opportunistic salpingectomy to prevent the development of high grade serous cancers (HGSC) of the ovary/fallopian tube/peritoneum based on current evidence supporting the fallopian tube origin of disease. INTENDED USERS: Gynaecologists, obstetricians, family doctors, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, residents, and health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Adult women (18 and older): OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy who wish to retain their ovaries in situ have traditionally also retained their fallopian tubes...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526029/cell-fixation-and-preservation-for-droplet-based-single-cell-transcriptomics
#7
Jonathan Alles, Nikos Karaiskos, Samantha D Praktiknjo, Stefanie Grosswendt, Philipp Wahle, Pierre-Louis Ruffault, Salah Ayoub, Luisa Schreyer, Anastasiya Boltengagen, Carmen Birchmeier, Robert Zinzen, Christine Kocks, Nikolaus Rajewsky
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in droplet-based microfluidics allow the transcriptional profiling of thousands of individual cells in a quantitative, highly parallel and cost-effective way. A critical, often limiting step is the preparation of cells in an unperturbed state, not altered by stress or ageing. Other challenges are rare cells that need to be collected over several days or samples prepared at different times or locations. METHODS: Here, we used chemical fixation to address these problems...
May 19, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524383/are-clear-boundaries-a-prerequisite-for-well-functioning-collaboration-in-home-health-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Ulla Beijer, Emme-Li Vingare, Hans G Eriksson, Õie Umb Carlsson
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine whether professional collaboration in home health care is associated with clear boundaries between principals' areas of responsibility and the professions areas of responsibility, respectively. METHODS: Data were derived from a web-based survey that was carried out in one county in the middle of Sweden during spring 2013. Participants were health professionals and managers from the county council and from all the municipalities in the county...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523616/the-effect-of-multiple-contamination-of-soil-on-lmw-and-mmw-pahs-accumulation-in-the-roots-of-rubus-fruticosus-l-naturally-growing-near-the-copper-mining-and-smelting-complex-bor-east-serbia
#9
Slađana Č Alagić, Vesna P Stankov Jovanović, Violeta D Mitić, Jelena S Nikolić, Goran M Petrović, Snežana B Tošić, Gordana S Stojanović
Samples of roots and spatial soils of native Rubus fruticosus L. were collected from the spots positioned at different distances from the copper smelter and city heating plants in the industrial zone of the town of Bor (Serbia) and subjected to chemical analyses in order to determine the content of several heavy metals, and 15 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the results for 9 low and medium molecular weight PAHs (LMW and MMW PAHs) are represented and processed using the calculation of bio-concentration factors and statistical methods such as hierarchical cluster analysis and Pearson's correlation study with the aim of investigating the plant capabilities for their uptake from the soil and later accumulation into the root tissue, under the hostile circumstances of multiple contamination...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522456/stress-response-gene-expression-reflects-morpho-physiological-responses-to-water-deficit
#10
Wojciech Rymaszewski, Denis Vile, Alexis Bédiée, Myriam Dauzat, Nathalie Luchaire, Dominika Kamrowska, Christine Granier, Jacek Hennig
Acclimation to water deficit (WD) enables plants to maintain growth under unfavorable environmental conditions, although the mechanisms are not completely understood. In this study, the natural variation of long-term acclimation to moderate (MWD) and severe (SWD) soil water deficits was investigated in 18 Arabidopsis accessions using PHENOPSIS, an automated phenotyping platform. Soil water content was adjusted at an early stage of plant development and maintained at a constant level until reproductive age was achieved...
May 18, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521166/factors-controlling-cadmium-and-lead-activities-in-different-parent-material-derived-soils-from-the-pearl-river-basin
#11
Shuran He, Qin Lu, Wenyan Li, Zongling Ren, Zhen Zhou, Xiao Feng, Yulong Zhang, Yongtao Li
Labile metals in agricultural soils are available to crops and thus pose a great health risk for human beings. Therefore, factors influencing heavy metal activity are of interest to researchers. In this study, a total of 142 soil samples representing 5 typical parent materials in the Pearl River Basin (PRB), China were collected to investigate factors impacting the distribution of labile Cd and Pb in the soils. The results showed that the labile fractions accounted for 0.03%-14.7% for Cd and 0.01%-0.39% for Pb of the total metals, and the labile fractions were linearly correlated to their corresponding total contents...
May 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513782/soil-vegetation-relationships-and-community-structure-in-a-terra-firme-white-sand-vegetation-gradient-in-viru%C3%A3-national-park-northern-amazon-brazil
#12
Bruno A F DE Mendonça, Elpídio I Fernandes, Carlos E G R Schaefer, Júlia G F DE Mendonça, Bruno N F Vasconcelos
Viruá National Park encompasses a vast and complex system of hydromorphic sandy soils covered largely by the white sand vegetation ("Campinarana") ecosystem. The purpose of this study was to investigate a vegetation gradient of "terra-firme"-white sand vegetation at the Viruá National Park. Nine plots representing three physiognomic units were installed for floristic and phytosociological surveys as well as to collect composite soil samples. The data were subjected to assessments of floristic diversity and similarity, phytosociological parameters and to statistical analyses, focused on principal components (PC) and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA)...
May 15, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511698/using-a-mobile-health-application-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-drinkaware-track-calculate-units-application
#13
Sophie Attwood, Hannah Parke, John Larsen, Katie L Morton
BACKGROUND: Smartphone applications ("apps") offer promise as tools to help people monitor and reduce their alcohol consumption. To date, few evaluations of alcohol reduction apps exist, with even fewer considering apps already available to the public. The aim of this study was to evaluate an existing publically available app, designed by Drinkaware, a UK-based alcohol awareness charity. METHODS: We adopted a mixed-methods design, analysing routinely collected app usage data to explore user characteristics and patterns of usage...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510761/the-diversity-of-carbon-dioxide-concentrating-mechanisms-in-marine-diatoms-as-inferred-from-their-genetic-content
#14
Chen Shen, Christopher L Dupont, Brian M Hopkinson
Marine diatoms are one of the most ecologically significant primary producers in the ocean. Most diatoms use a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) to overcome the scarcity of CO2 in the ocean and limitations of the carbon-fixing enzyme Rubisco. However, the CCMs in model diatoms differ substantially in their genetic make-up and structural organization. To assess the extent of CCM diversity in marine diatoms more generally, we analyzed genome and transcriptome data from 31 diatom strains to identify putative CCM genes, examine the overall CCM architecture, and study CCM development in the context of the evolutionary history of these diatoms...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509814/validity-cut-points-and-minimally-important-differences-for-two-hot-flash-related-daily-interference-scales
#15
Janet S Carpenter, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Julie L Otte, Chen X Chen, Kevin L Rand, Nancy Woods, Katherine Newton, Hadine Joffe, JoAnn E Manson, Ellen W Freeman, Katherine A Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: To conduct psychometric analyses to condense the Hot Flash-Related Daily Interference Scale (HFRDIS) into a shorter form termed the Hot Flash Interference (HFI) scale; evaluate cut-points for both scales; and establish minimally important differences (MIDs) for both scales. METHODS: We analyzed baseline and postrandomization patient-reported data pooled across three randomized trials aimed at reducing vasomotor symptoms (VMS) in 899 midlife women. Trials were conducted across five MsFLASH clinical sites between July 2009 and October 2012...
May 15, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508775/semantic-technologies-for-re-use-of-clinical-routine-data
#16
Markus Kreuzthaler, Catalina Martínez-Costa, Peter Kaiser, Stefan Schulz
Routine patient data in electronic patient records are only partly structured, and an even smaller segment is coded, mainly for administrative purposes. Large parts are only available as free text. Transforming this content into a structured and semantically explicit form is a prerequisite for querying and information extraction. The core of the system architecture presented in this paper is based on SAP HANA in-memory database technology using the SAP Connected Health platform for data integration as well as for clinical data warehousing...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500405/est-ssr-marker-revealed-effective-over-biochemical-and-morphological-scepticism-towards-identification-of-specific-turmeric-curcuma-longa-l-cultivars
#17
Ambika Sahoo, Sudipta Jena, Basudeba Kar, Suprava Sahoo, Asit Ray, Subhashree Singh, Raj Kumar Joshi, Laxmikanta Acharya, Sanghamitra Nayak
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L., family Zingiberaceae) is one of the most economically important plants for its use in food, medicine, and cosmetic industries. Cultivar identification is a major constraint in turmeric, owing to high degree of morphological similarity that in turn, affects its commercialization. The present study addresses this constraint, using EST-SSR marker based, molecular identification of 8 elite cultivars and 88 accessions in turmeric. Fifty EST-SSR primers were screened against eight cultivars of turmeric (Suroma, Roma, Lakadong, Megha, Alleppey Supreme, Kedaram, Pratibha, and Suvarna); out of which 11 primers showed polymorphic banding pattern...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500404/analysis-of-genetic-structure-and-interrelationships-in-lentil-species-using-morphological-and-ssr-markers
#18
Priyanka Mohan Koul, Vikas Sharma, Maneet Rana, Rakesh K Chahota, Shiv Kumar, Tilak R Sharma
Genetic structure and relationships of 130 lentil accessions belonging to six taxa were analysed. For this purpose, seven morphological traits and 31 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers were used for this purpose. Morphological traits grouped lentil accessions into five main clusters. SSR primers collectively amplified 139 polymorphic alleles in a range of 2-10 with an average of 4.48 alleles. The size of amplified alleles varied from 50 to 650 bp. Polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498340/nutritional-potential-of-selected-insect-species-reared-on-the-island-of-sumatra
#19
Anna Adámková, Jiří Mlček, Lenka Kouřimská, Marie Borkovcová, Tomáš Bušina, Martin Adámek, Martina Bednářová, Jan Krajsa
Inhabitants of the Indonesian island of Sumatra are faced with the problem of insufficient food supplies and the consequent risk of undernourishment and health issues. Edible insects as a traditional and readily available food source could be part of the solution. The nutritional value of insects depends on many factors, e.g., species, developmental stage, sex, diet, and climatic conditions. However, edible insects bred in Sumatra for human consumption have never before been assessed with regard to their nutritional value...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497560/untargeted-metabolomic-analysis-of-capsicum-spp-by-gc-ms
#20
Bianca Camargo Aranha, Jessica Fernanda Hoffmann, Rosa Lia Barbieri, Cesar Valmor Rombaldi, Fábio Clasen Chaves
INTRODUCTION: In order to conserve the biodiversity of Capsicum species and find genotypes with potential to be utilised commercially, Embrapa Clima Temperado maintains an active germplasm collection (AGC) that requires characterisation, enabling genotype selection and support for breeding programmes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterise pepper accessions from the Embrapa Clima Temperado AGC and differentiate species based on their metabolic profile using an untargeted metabolomics approach...
May 11, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
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