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hepatitis B guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902599/could-adc-values-be-a-promising-diagnostic-criterion-for-differentiating-malignant-and-benign-hepatic-lesions-in-asian-populations-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jing Peng, Jing-Jin Li, Jiang Li, He-Wen Li, Guo-Ping Xu, Rong-Rong Jia, Xue-Ning Zhang, Yang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Liver cancer exhibits geographic and ethnic differences in its prevalence and biology, which implies that it is impractical to develop universal guidelines for all patients. Thus, a meta-analysis was conducted to identify the accuracy of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) for discriminating malignant from benign liver lesions in Asians. METHODS: Eligible studies published in PubMed, Ovid, and Embase/Medline were updated onto October 2014. STATA 12...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891360/why-should-viral-markers-be-mandatory-in-ocular-surgeries-a-hospital-based-retrospective-study
#2
Anita Ambastha, Rakhi Kusumesh, Gyan Bhasker
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus I, II (HIV-I,II) are serious global and public health problem. Knowledge of the seroprevalence would enable early diagnosis, treatment of patients and also help in prevention of horizontal spread of infection by application of universal infection control measures. AIM: To determine the seroprevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV I, II infection in patients undergoing ocular surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888600/-darunavir-cobicistat-monotherapy-experience-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#3
L Yunquera-Romero, R Asensi-Díez, J C Del Rio-Valencia, I Muñoz-Castillo, M A Castaño-Carracedo
OBJECTIVE: Ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor (IP/r) monotherapy: darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) or lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) monotherapy is only provided in the major treatment guidelines in pretreated patients to prevent toxicity associated with nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), reduce costs and simplify antiretroviral treatment. To start IP/r monotherapy, according to GESIDA guidelines 2016, patients need to meet the following criteria: absence of chronic hepatitis B, plasma viral load <50 copies/ mL for at least 6 months and absence of protease inhibitors mutations or previous virologic failures to IP/r...
December 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870642/hepatocellular-carcinoma-surveillance-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-in-a-population-based-integrated-health-care-delivery-system
#4
Amit G Singal, Jasmin Tiro, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Jessica Chubak
PURPOSE: Fewer than 1 in 5 patients with cirrhosis receive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance; however, most studies were performed in select patient populations, which may not be informative of practice patterns in population-based community practices. Further, few reported guideline-concordant consistent surveillance rates. GOALS: Characterize guideline-concordant HCC surveillance rates and patient-level factors associated with surveillance among a population-based cohort of patients with cirrhosis...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867437/sero-prevalence-and-correlates-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-co-infection-among-hiv-infected-individuals-in-two-regional-hospitals-in-cameroon
#5
Henry Namme Luma, Servais Albert Fiacre Bagnaka Eloumou, Domin Sone Majunda Ekaney, Fernando Kemta Lekpa, Olivier Donfack-Sontsa, Bertrand Hugo Mbatchou Ngahane, Yacouba Njankouo Mapoure
BACKGROUND: Liver disease related to Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) infection has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV/AIDS patients. Data on the prevalence of HBV and HCV in Cameroon remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the sero-prevalence and correlates of Hepatitis markers in HIV/AIDS patients in two Regional Hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out from December 2014 to March 2015. HIV/AIDS patients aged 21 were included and above, receiving care at HIV treatment centres...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836405/radioembolization-of-hepatic-malignancies-background-quality-improvement-guidelines-and-future-directions
#6
Siddharth A Padia, Robert J Lewandowski, Guy E Johnson, Daniel Y Sze, Thomas J Ward, Ron C Gaba, Mark O Baerlocher, Vanessa L Gates, Ahsun Riaz, Daniel B Brown, Nasir H Siddiqi, T Gregory Walker, James E Silberzweig, Jason W Mitchell, Boris Nikolic, Riad Salem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811627/provider-patient-and-practice-factors-shape-hepatitis-b-prevention-and-management-by-primary-care-providers
#7
Nizar A Mukhtar, Priya Kathpalia, Joan F Hilton, Gene Lau, Albert Yu, Kevin Grumbach, Tung T Nguyen, Daniel Chan, Mandana Khalili
GOALS: To evaluate provider knowledge, attitudes and barriers to hepatitis B virus (HBV) care and management practices across diverse primary care settings. BACKGROUND: Factors influencing adherence to recommended HBV screening and management guidelines are poorly defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Providers across various health care settings in San Francisco were surveyed. Multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with recommended HBV screening, vaccination, and disease monitoring...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800206/immune-complex-mediated-glomerulonephritis-with-acute-thrombotic-microangiopathy-following-newly-detected-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient
#8
Tracey Salter, Hannah Burton, Sam Douthwaite, William Newsholme, Catherine Horsfield, Rachel Hilton
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) presents a risk to patients and staff in renal units. To minimise viral transmission, there are international and UK guidelines recommending HBV immunisation for patients commencing renal replacement therapy (RRT) and HBV surveillance in kidney transplant recipients. We report the case of a 56-year-old male who was immunised against HBV before starting haemodialysis. He received a deceased donor kidney transplant three years later, at which time there was no evidence of HBV infection...
2016: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797012/hepatitis-b-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-screening-practices-in-chinese-and-african-immigrant-rich-neighborhoods-in-new-york-city
#9
S Fitzgerald, J Chao, Y Fefermen, P Perumalswami, U Sarpel
BACKGROUND: Immigrants from China and Africa have high rates of hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, primary care physician (PCP) adherence to screening guidelines in at-risk communities is not well understood. METHODS: The New York City (NYC) neighborhood tabulation areas with the 25 greatest Chinese and African immigrant populations were determined based on US census data. The American Medical Association database was used to identify PCPs practicing in these neighborhoods...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784957/antiviral-therapy-of-hepatitis-c-as-curative-treatment-of-indolent-b-cell-lymphoma
#10
REVIEW
Michele Merli, Giuseppe Carli, Luca Arcaini, Carlo Visco
The association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) has been highlighted by several epidemiological and biological insights; however the most convincing evidence is represented by interventional studies demonstrating the capability of antiviral treatment (AT) with interferon (IFN) with or without ribavirin to induce the regression of indolent lymphomas, especially of marginal-zone origin. In the largest published retrospective study (100 patients) the overall response rate (ORR) after first-line IFN-based AT was 77% (44% complete responses) and responses were sustainable (median duration of response 33 mo)...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777892/hepatitis-b-management-in-the-pregnant-patient-an-update
#11
Walid S Ayoub, Erica Cohen
Chronic hepatitis B is a worldwide disease, with significant burden on health care systems. While universal vaccination programs have led to an overall decrease in incidence of transmission of hepatitis B, unfortunately, there remain large areas in the world where vaccination against hepatitis B is not practiced. In addition, vertical transmission of hepatitis B persists as a major concern. Hepatitis B treatment of the pregnant patient requires a thorough assessment of disease activity and close monitoring for flares, regardless of initiation of antiviral therapy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770375/predictors-and-barriers-to-hepatitis-b-screening-in-a-midwest-suburban-asian-population
#12
Shanna Cheng, Elton Li, Anna S Lok
Despite guidelines recommending hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among the Asian population, not all Asians are screened. We assessed barriers to and factors predicting HBV screening in Michigan. Adults residing in Southeast Michigan self-identifying as Asian were surveyed at Asian grocery stores, restaurants, churches, and community events. 404 persons participated in the survey, 54 % were women, median age was 51 years, 63 % were Chinese, and 93.8 % were born outside the U.S. 181 (44.8 %) had not or could not recall having been screened for HBV...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761440/treatment-strategies-according-to-genotype-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Seung Man Cho, Byung-Ho Choe
This review article was requested by editor-in-chief of this journal as 'pediatric CHB treatment' for the upcoming special issue. The main objective of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatment is diminishing the risk of complications related to chronic liver disease. In Asia, there are already some reports about hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected children. The key points of treatment in children with CHB infections are selection of which patients to treat and conformation of the optimal therapy time that would reduce viral resistance...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761439/immune-therapy-for-hepatitis-b
#14
REVIEW
Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar, Mamun Al-Mahtab, Md Sakilur Islam Khan, Ruksana Raihan, Ananta Shrestha
Although several antiviral drugs are now available for treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), sustained off-treatment clinical responses and containment of CHB-related complications are not achieved in majority of CHB patients by antiviral therapy. In addition, use of these drugs is endowed with substantial long term risk of viral resistance and drug toxicity. The infinite treatment regimens of antiviral drugs for CHB patients are also costly and usually unbearable by most patients of developing and resource-constrained countries...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755152/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-hiv
#15
Imane El Dika, James J Harding, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is becoming an important cause of mortality in patients with HIV, attributed to coinfection with hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, and the longer survival advantage these patients are achieving after introducing the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to hepatitis infection, immunosuppression secondary to HIV infection, direct impact of the virus on liver parenchyma, and the use of hepatotoxic antiretroviral drugs, all contribute to HCC pathogenesis...
January 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746888/primary-hepatic-lymphoma-a-retrospective-multicenter-rare-cancer-network-study
#16
Gamze Ugurluer, Robert C Miller, Yexiong Li, Juliette Thariat, Pirus Ghadjar, Ulrike Schick, Mahmut Ozsahin
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is a rare malignancy. We aimed to assess the clinical profile, outcome and prognostic factors in PHL through the Rare Cancer Network (RCN). A retrospective analysis of 41 patients was performed. Median age was 62 years (range, 23-86 years) with a male-to-female ratio of 1.9:1.0. Abdominal pain or discomfort was the most common presenting symptom. Regarding B-symptoms, 19.5% of patients had fever, 17.1% weight loss, and 9.8% night sweats. The most common radiological presentation was multiple lesions...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734775/-tracing-patients-with-chronic-viral-hepatitis
#17
A G Spruijt, K R Wilting, G D Mithoe, W J M Niessen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of an intervention in which medical-microbiological laboratories alert general practitioners (GPs) in writing about patients with a chronic hepatitis B or C infection in their practice, urging them to bring these patients under medical surveillance again now that treatment options have improved and guidelines have been revised. DESIGN: Descriptive, prospective. METHOD: All patients who had been diagnosed with hepatitis B or C between 2003 and 2013 on the request of the GP, and for whom diagnostics by an internist, infectious diseases specialist or gastrointestinal/liver specialist had never been requested, were included...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711945/-laboratory-requirements-to-diagnose-viral-hepatitis-under-the%C3%A2-development-of-guidelines
#18
H Becker, J T Stahmeyer, M P Manns, C Krauth, M Cornberg
Infections with hepatitis B-, C- and D- viruses have a significant health burden. In Germany, the seroprevalence of HBs-Ag is calculated with 0.6 % and of HCV-antibodies with 0.3 %. However, most patients are not diagnosed. Sequelae are liver-cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Several S3-guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis have been established. However, implementation of guidelines is not easy to evaluate. To estimate the changes of medical knowledge and diagnostic procedures about viral hepatitis, 7 parameters of liver-diagnostics were elected to analyze the requirements profile in the years 2005 - 2011 in 4 German federal states...
October 6, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708965/viral-hepatitis-screening-guideline-before-biological-drug-use-in-rheumatic-patients
#19
Ömer Karadağ, Timuçin Kaşifoğlu, Birol Özer, Sabahattin Kaymakoğlu, Yeşim Kuş, Murat İnanç, Gökhan Keser, Sedat Kiraz
Biological drugs (tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, rituximab, tocilizumab, abatacept, and tofacitinib) are important treatment alternatives in rheumatology, particularly for resistant patients. However, they may cause hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) reactivation; for instance, HBV reactivation may occur in a patient who is an inactive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier or who has resolved HBV infection. Therefore, the screening of patients before biological treatment and the application of a prophylactic treatment, particularly with respect to latent HBV infections, are recommended when necessary...
March 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685097/resolving-macromolecular-structures-from-electron-cryo-tomography-data-using-subtomogram-averaging-in-relion
#20
Tanmay A M Bharat, Sjors H W Scheres
Electron cryo-tomography (cryo-ET) is a technique that is used to produce 3D pictures (tomograms) of complex objects such as asymmetric viruses, cellular organelles or whole cells from a series of tilted electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) images. Averaging of macromolecular complexes found within tomograms is known as subtomogram averaging, and this technique allows structure determination of macromolecular complexes in situ. Subtomogram averaging is also gaining in popularity for the calculation of initial models for single-particle analysis...
November 2016: Nature Protocols
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