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Principles of Medical Education.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649456/development-of-a-self-directed-online-learning-curriculum-to-increase-community-engaged-research-in-clinical-and-translational-science
#1
Joyce E Balls-Berry, Heather Billings, Laura Ernste, Miguel Valdez Soto, Katrin Frimannsdottir, Karen Weavers, Victor M Montori, Christi A Patten
BACKGROUND: Medical research strives to improve health; community-engaged research (CEnR) supports translation to the community. METHODS: This article describes the use of andragogical theory to develop asynchronous CEnR training. RESULTS: A total of 43 researchers and community members completed at least one module. The majority (67%-100%) stated that training met their educational needs and noted a desire for more information. CONCLUSION: The curriculum reinforced CEnR principles to enhance medical research...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638034/-post-graduated-education-and-medical-pedagogics-a-new-approach-based-on-the-competence-oriented-educational-program-for-neurologists-in-the-field-of-children-epileptology
#2
O A Milovanova, S Yu Astanina, I E Tambiev, N D Andreeva
The highly qualified performance of jobs according to professional standards due to the reformed system of additional professional education is one of the objectives of practical health care. The development of the educational program 'Children epileptology. Clinical, diagnostic and treatment issues' for increasing the qualification of neurologists was based on the competent approach that orients the content and process of education on the formation of competence in work performance. Work performance, in its turn, allowed the determination of professional tasks by neurologists...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#3
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634701/the-50-most-cited-articles-in-facial-plastic-surgery
#4
Michael T Chang, Zachary G Schwam, Christopher A Schutt, Emily M Kamen, Boris Paskhover
Bibliometric analysis is a common method to determine the most influential articles in medical specialties, as it is an objective measure of peer recognition of scientific work. This study is the first bibliometric analysis of the literature in facial plastic surgery, to determine the most cited papers in the field. Bibliometric analysis was performed using the Science Citation Index from the Institute for Scientific Information, accessed through the Web of Science™. Filter terms relevant to the field of facial plastic surgery were used to identify the 50 most cited journal articles between 1900 and 2016...
June 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628720/cost-effective-teaching-of-radiology-with-preclinical-anatomy
#5
James S Wilson, Jacqueline Alvarez, Bonnie C Davis, Andre J Duerinckx
Graduating physicians in all subspecialties have an increased need for competency in radiology, particularly since the use of diagnostic imaging continues to grow. To integrate the teaching of radiology with anatomy during the first year of medical school at Howard University, a novel approach was developed to overcome the limitations of resources including funding, faculty, and curricular time. The resulting program relies on self-study and peer-to-peer interactions to develop proficiency at manipulating free versions of medical image viewer software (using the DICOM standard), identifying normal anatomy in medical images, and applying critical thinking skills to understand common clinical conditions...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628549/a-classification-system-to-guide-physical-therapy-management-in-huntington-disease-a-case-series
#6
Nora E Fritz, Monica Busse, Karen Jones, Hanan Khalil, Lori Quinn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Huntington disease (HD), a rare neurological disease, experience impairments in mobility and cognition throughout their disease course. The Medical Research Council framework provides a schema that can be applied to the development and evaluation of complex interventions, such as those provided by physical therapists. Treatment-based classifications, based on expert consensus and available literature, are helpful in guiding physical therapy management across the stages of HD...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611893/academic-primer-series-key-papers-about-competency-based-medical-education
#7
Robert Cooney, Teresa M Chan, Michael Gottlieb, Michael Abraham, Sylvia Alden, Jillian Mongelluzzo, Michael Pasirstein, Jonathan Sherbino
INTRODUCTION: Competency-based medical education (CBME) presents a paradigm shift in medical training. This outcome-based education movement has triggered substantive changes across the globe. Since this transition is only beginning, many faculty members may not have experience with CBME nor a solid foundation in the grounding literature. We identify and summarize key papers to help faculty members learn more about CBME. METHODS: Based on the online discussions of the 2016-2017 ALiEM Faculty Incubator program, a series of papers on the topic of CBME was developed...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#8
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598746/core-principles-of-assessment-in-competency-based-medical-education
#9
Jocelyn Lockyer, Carol Carraccio, Ming-Ka Chan, Danielle Hart, Sydney Smee, Claire Touchie, Eric S Holmboe, Jason R Frank
The meaningful assessment of competence is critical for the implementation of effective competency-based medical education (CBME). Timely ongoing assessments are needed along with comprehensive periodic reviews to ensure that trainees continue to progress. New approaches are needed to optimize the use of multiple assessors and assessments; to synthesize the data collected from multiple assessors and multiple types of assessments; to develop faculty competence in assessment; and to ensure that relationships between the givers and receivers of feedback are appropriate...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598742/a-call-to-action-the-controversy-of-and-rationale-for-competency-based-medical-education
#10
Eric S Holmboe, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Englander, Linda Snell, Jason R Frank
Although medical education has enjoyed many successes over the last century, there is a recognition that health care is too often unsafe and of poor quality. Errors in diagnosis and treatment, communication breakdowns, poor care coordination, inappropriate use of tests and procedures, and dysfunctional collaboration harm patients and families around the world. These issues reflect on our current model of medical education and raise the question: Are physicians being adequately prepared for twenty-first century practice? Multiple reports have concluded the answer is "no...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598738/competency-based-medical-education-and-continuing-professional-development-a-conceptualization-for-change
#11
Jocelyn Lockyer, Ford Bursey, Denyse Richardson, Jason R Frank, Linda Snell, Craig Campbell
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is as important in continuing professional development (CPD) as at any other stage of a physician's career. Principles of CBME have the potential to revolutionize CPD. Transitioning to CBME-based CPD will require a cultural change to gain commitment from physicians, their employers and institutions, CPD providers, professional organizations, and medical regulators. It will require learning to be aligned with professional and workplace standards. Practitioners will need to develop the expertise to systematically examine their own clinical performance data, identify performance improvement opportunities and possibilities, and develop a plan to address areas of concern...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594878/development-and-evaluation-of-a-culturally-appropriate-hypertension-education-cahe-training-program-for-health-care-providers
#12
Jennita G Meinema, Joke A Haafkens, Debbie A D C Jaarsma, Henk C P M van Weert, Nynke van Dijk
BACKGROUND: In Western countries, hypertension and hypertension-related complication are more common in ethnic minority groups of African descent than in indigenous populations. Addressing ethnic minority patients' perceptions of hypertension and its treatment through the use of cultural appropriate hypertension education (CAHE) increases adherence to medication and lifestyle recommendations. Given these effects, it seems warranted to develop a training program on how to deliver this type of patient education for Primary Care Nurse Practitioners (PCNPs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#13
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585598/pulmonary-hypertensive-crisis-and-its-efficient-management-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Karima Karam Khan, Fazal Hameed Khan
There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571045/new-zealand-doctors-and-nurses-views-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-new-zealand
#15
Pam Oliver, Michael Wilson, Phillipa Malpas
BACKGROUND: Assisted dying (AD) has been legalised by statute or court decisions in at least 15 jurisdictions internationally. Nonetheless, only three medical professional bodies (and none in nursing) across those jurisdictions have proactively developed authorised policy, practice standards, guidelines or protocols, or other professional supports for health practitioners who may legally participate in AD services, and the majority internationally remain formally opposed to AD. There is a perceived likelihood that AD may be legalised in New Zealand soon...
June 2, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557941/finding-a-path-to-entrustment-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-progress-report-from-the-aamc-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency-entrustment-concept-group
#16
David R Brown, Jamie B Warren, Abbas Hyderi, Ronald E Drusin, Jeremy Moeller, Melvin Rosenfeld, Philip R Orlander, Sandra Yingling, Stephanie Call, Kyla Terhune, Janet Bull, Robert Englander, Dianne P Wagner
PROBLEM: To better prepare graduating medical students to transition to the professional responsibilities of residency, 10 medical schools are participating in an Association of American Medical Colleges pilot to evaluate the feasibility of explicitly teaching and assessing 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency. The authors focused on operationalizing the concept of entrustment as part of this process. APPROACH: Starting in 2014, the Entrustment Concept Group, with representatives from each of the pilot schools, guided the development of the structures and processes necessary for formal entrustment decisions associated with students' increased responsibilities at the start of residency...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557937/implementing-an-entrustable-professional-activities-framework-in-undergraduate-medical-education-early-lessons-from-the-aamc-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency-pilot
#17
Kimberly Lomis, Jonathan M Amiel, Michael S Ryan, Karin Esposito, Michael Green, Alex Stagnaro-Green, Janet Bull, George C Mejicano
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a list of 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (Core EPAs) that medical school graduates might be expected to perform, without direct supervision, on the first day of residency. Soon after, the AAMC commissioned a five-year pilot with 10 medical schools across the United States, seeking to implement the Core EPA framework to improve the transition from undergraduate to graduate medical education.In this article, the pilot team presents the organizational structure and early results of collaborative efforts to provide guidance to other institutions planning to implement the Core EPA framework...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557777/an-assessment-of-residents-and-fellows-personal-finance-literacy-an-unmet-medical-education-need
#18
Fahd A Ahmad, Andrew J White, Katherine M Hiller, Richard Amini, Donna B Jeffe
Objectives: This study aimed to assess residents' and fellows' knowledge of finance principles that may affect their personal financial health. Methods: A cross-sectional, anonymous, web-based survey was administered to a convenience sample of residents and fellows at two academic medical centers.  Respondents answered 20 questions on personal finance and 28 questions about their own financial planning, attitudes, and debt. Questions regarding satisfaction with one's financial condition and investment-risk tolerance used a 10-point Likert scale (1=lowest, 10=highest)...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541177/when-teachable-moments-become-ethically-problematic
#19
Elizabeth Dzeng
There is frequently tension in medical education between teaching moments that provide skills and knowledge for medical trainees, and instrumentalizing patients for the purpose of teaching. In this commentary, I question the ethical acceptability of the practice of providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) to dying patients who would be unlikely to survive resuscitation, as a teaching opportunity for medical trainees. This practice violates the principle of informed consent, as the patient agreed to resuscitation for the purpose of potentially prolonging life rather than to futile resuscitation as a teaching opportunity...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538055/high-reliability-principles-must-be-tied-to-value-based-outcomes
#20
Mitchell L Wasden
WellStar Health System and the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), highlighted in this issue's feature articles, are two organizations seeking to drive high reliability by educating leaders and incorporating high-reliability principles into their quality improvement (QI) efforts. The organizations have taken slightly different approaches to executing on high reliability, yet both are encouraged by the apparent success of high-reliability principles in other industries.The high-reliability framework is often applied to healthcare despite the limitations of comparing healthcare organizations to nuclear reactors, commercial airlines, and aircraft carriers...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
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