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Principles of Medical Education.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430547/enhancing-insights-into-pulmonary-vascular-disease-pvd-through-a-precision-medicine-approach-a-joint-nhlbi-cmref-workshop-report
#1
John H Newman, Stuart Rich, Steven H Abman, John H Alexander, John Barnard, Gerald J Beck, Raymond L Benza, Todd M Bull, Stephen Y Chan, Hyung J Chun, Declan Doogan, Jocelyn Dupuis, Serpil C Erzurum, Robert P Frantz, Mark Geraci, Hunter Gillies, Mark Gladwin, Michael P Gray, Anna R Hemnes, Roy S Herbst, Adrian F Hernandez, Nicholas S Hill, Evelyn M Horn, Kendall Hunter, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Roger Johns, Sanjay Kaul, Steven M Kawut, Tim Lahm, Jane A Leopold, Greg D Lewis, Stephen C Mathai, Vallerie V McLaughlin, Evangelos D Michelakis, Steven D Nathan, William Nichols, Grier Page, Marlene Rabinovitch, Jonathan Rich, Franz Rischard, Sharon Rounds, Sanjiv J Shah, Victor F Tapson, Naomi Lowy, Norman Stockbridge, Gail Weinmann, Lei Xiao
The Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, (NHLBI) and the Cardiovascular Medical Education and Research Fund (CMREF), held a workshop to discuss to leverage of the anticipated scientific output from the recently launched "Redefining Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) through Pulmonary Vascular Disease Phenomics" (PVDOMICS) program. PVDOMICS is a protocol driven network to analyze PH patient populations to define novel pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) phenotypes. Basic, translational and clinical investigators, patient advocacy organizations, regulatory agencies, and pharmaceutical industry experts discussed the application of precision medicine to PVD clinical trials...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425891/teaching-psychology-in-medicine-the-context-methodologies-and-doctor-s-professional-identity
#2
REVIEW
Silvia Ouakinin
INTRODUCTION: Teaching Psychology in medical curriculum has been the subject of numerous dissertations that focus on the relevance of this knowledge for doctors, at a general level. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the relevant literature, particularly from the last decade, as well as national and international recommendations addressing the need for integration of behavioural and social sciences in medical training, was performed. RESULTS: The literature supports the existence of preconceptions and negative attitudes towards the role of psychology in medical education, demonstrated by research in various european and american universities...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415145/medical-marijuana-challenges-and-risk-issues-for-health-care-providers
#3
John C West
Laws on medical marijuana and recreational use of marijuana are sweeping the country and presenting real dilemmas for health care providers and facilities. However, due to disagreements between federal and state law, there are no easy answers. Additionally, the case law and statutory law on these issues is exceedingly sparse. It may take years for all of the issues to be ironed out, but health care facilities will need to act in the meantime on what may be little more than educated guesses. It may not be appropriate to simply prohibit the use of medical marijuana, but accommodating it also has risk...
April 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410992/ethical-issues-in-education-medical-trainees-and-the-global-health-experience
#4
REVIEW
Susan P Raine
With interest in global health experiences (GHEs) by medical trainees remaining high, the number of global health programs offering educational experiences in resource limited settings has proliferated. Development and implementation of GHEs has outpaced the critical evaluation of ethical considerations inherent in these programs. Global health programs must adhere to the four principles of beneficence, nonmaleficence, respect of autonomy, and justice in crafting a GHE focused on maximizing the experience of the learners, host country, and patients...
March 15, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406100/medication-calculation-and-administration-workshop-and-hurdle-assessment-increases-student-awareness-towards-the-importance-of-safe-practices-to-decrease-medication-errors-in-the-future
#5
Darlene Wallace, Torres Woolley, David Martin, Roy Rasalam, Maria Bellei
BACKGROUND: Medication errors are the second most frequently reported hospital incident in Australia and are a global concern. A "Medication Calculation and Administration" workshop followed by a "hurdle" assessment (compulsory task mandating a minimum level of performance as a condition of passing the course) was introduced into Year 2 of the James Cook University medical curriculum to decrease dosage calculation and administration errors among graduates. This study evaluates the effectiveness of this educational activity as a long-term strategy to teach medical students' essential skills in calculating and administering medications...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385022/applying-organizational-behavior-theory-to-primary-care
#6
Samyukta Mullangi, Sanjay Saint
Addressing the mounting primary care shortage in the United States has been a focus of educators and policy makers, especially with the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010 and the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act in 2015, placing increased pressure on the system. The Association of American Medical Colleges recently projected a shortage of as many as 65,000 primary care physicians by 2025, in part because fewer than 20% of medical students are picking primary care for a career. We examined the issue of attracting medical students to primary care through the lens of organizational behavior theory...
March 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379088/realist-evaluation-of-faculty-development-for-medical-educators-what-works-for-whom-and-why-in-the-long-term
#7
Olanrewaju O Sorinola, Jill Thistlethwaite, David Davies, Ed Peile
PURPOSE: Realism is a perspective in which entities exist independently of being perceived or independently of our theories about them. The realist framework with its principle of explanatory causation was used for an in-depth exploration of faculty development (FD) since, despite the widespread investment in FD, the evidence that it enhances the effectiveness of teaching in the long-term is still limited. The study aimed to develop realist theories that explain the connections between contexts (C), mechanisms (M) and outcomes (O) to find out what works for whom and why in FD...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370354/how-evidence-from-observing-attending-physicians-links-to-a-competency-based-framework
#8
Maria Bacchus, David R Ward, Jill de Grood, Jane B Lemaire
CONTEXT: Competency-based medical education frameworks are often founded on a combination of existing research, educational principles and expert consensus. Our objective was to examine how components of the attending physician role, as determined by observing preceptors during their real-world work, link to the CanMEDS Physician Competency Framework. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a broader study exploring the role of the attending physician by observing these doctors during their working day...
March 30, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364975/existing-and-future-educational-needs-in-graduate-and-postgraduate-education
#9
Ian Eardley, Yacov Reisman, Sue Goldstein, Andrew Kramer, John Dean, Eli Coleman
INTRODUCTION: This review was designed to make recommendations on future educational needs, principles of curricular development, and how the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) should address the need to enhance and promote human sexuality education around the world. AIM: To explore the ways in which graduate and postgraduate medical education in human sexuality has evolved and is currently delivered. METHODS: We reviewed existing literature concerning sexuality education, curriculum development, learning strategies, educational formats, evaluation of programs, evaluation of students, and faculty development...
April 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362131/reframing-undergraduate-medical-education-in-global-health-rationale-and-key-principles-from-the-bellagio-global-health-education-initiative
#10
Michael J Peluso, Susan van Schalkwyk, Anne Kellett, Timothy F Brewer, A Mark Clarfield, David Davies, Bishan Garg, Tobin Greensweig, Janet Hafler, Jianlin Hou, Moira Maley, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Senga Pemba, Janette Jenny Samaan, Stephen Schoenbaum, Babulal Sethia, Juan Pablo Uribe, Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh
Global health education (GHE) continues to be a growing initiative in many medical schools across the world. This focus is no longer limited to participants from high-income countries and has expanded to institutions and students from low- and middle-income settings. With this shift has come a need to develop meaningful curricula through engagement between educators and learners who represent the sending institutions and the diverse settings in which GHE takes place. The Bellagio Global Health Education Initiative (BGHEI) was founded to create a space for such debate and discussion and to generate guidelines towards a universal curriculum for global health...
March 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360073/patient-participation-in-general-practice-based-undergraduate-teaching-a-focus-group-study-of-patient-perspectives
#11
Sophie E Park, Caroline Allfrey, Melvyn M Jones, Jasprit Chana, Ciara Abbott, Sofia Faircloth, Nicola Higgins, Laila Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Patients make a crucial contribution to undergraduate medical education. Although a national resource is available for patients participating in research, none is as yet available for education. AIM: This study aimed to explore what information patients would like about participation in general practice based undergraduate medical education, and how they would like to obtain this information. DESIGN AND SETTING: Two focus groups were conducted in London-based practices involved in both undergraduate and postgraduate teaching...
April 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351062/using-national-health-care-databases-and-problem-based-practice-analysis-to-inform-integrated-curriculum-development
#12
Amy J Baker, Mark R Raymond, Steven A Haist, John R Boulet
One challenge when implementing case-based learning, and other approaches to contextualized learning, is determining which clinical problems to include. This article illustrates how health care utilization data, readily available from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), can be incorporated into an educational needs assessment to identify medical problems physicians are likely to encounter in clinical practice. The NCHS survey data summarize patient demographics, diagnoses, and interventions for tens of thousands of patients seen in various settings, including emergency departments (EDs), clinics, and hospitals...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344530/patient-comprehension-of-carpal-tunnel-surgery-an-investigation-of-health-literacy
#13
Gregory R Waryasz, Joseph A Gil, Daniel Chiou, Paul Ramos, Jonathan R Schiller, Manuel F DaSilva
Background: Health literacy is the ability of a patient to understand their medical condition. The purpose of this investigation is to determine whether patients are able to obtain an elementary understanding of the fundamental principles of carpal tunnel release and the postoperative instructions after going through the process of informed consent and being provided an additional standardized postoperative instruction document. Our hypothesis is that patients will lack an understanding of these principles and, therefore, will be at risk for being noncompliant in their postoperative care...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327852/-person-centered-clinical-care-principles-and-strategies
#14
Juan Enrique Mezzich, Alberto Perales
The development of person-centered clinical care is inscribed within an international programmatic movement towards a medicine focused on the totality of the person. This movement, with broad historical bases, has been maturing since 2008 through conferences among global health institutions, research projects and academic publications. This paper is aimed at elucidating the conceptual principles of person-centered medicine (PCM) and to delineate strategies for the practical application of such principles in clinical care services...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322070/enhancing-clinical-communication-in-dermatologists-a-personalized-educational-intervention
#15
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Charitini Stavropoulou, Noni Papastefanou, Christos Lionis
OBJECTIVES: Effective communication is a vital component of patient-centered consultations with favourable treatment outcomes. This study aimed in testing the effectiveness of a personalized, communication training program for dermatologists in their practices. METHODS: Fifteen dermatologists were offered the educational intervention NO.TE.S. (Non Technical Skills). Depending on the dermatologists' needs, seven to nine sessions with a 60-minute duration were performed, focusing on: patient-centered care, principles of Neurolinguistic Programming, a guide to the medical interview, principles of motivational interviewing and self-care...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316305/the-statesmanship-of-william-crawford-gorgas-m-d-surgeon-general-medical-corps-united-states-army
#16
Roy E Gandy, Raven M Christopher, Charles B Rodning
If statesmanship can be characterized as a bed rock of principles, a strong moral compass, a vision, and an ability to articulate and effect that vision, then the fortitude, tenacity, imperturbability, and resilience of William Crawford Gorgas cannot be overestimated. As Chief Sanitary Officer in Cuba and as Chief Medical Officer in Panama, he actualized strategies to eradicate the vectors of yellow fever and malaria. His superiors initially pigeonholed his requisitions, refused to provide him with any authority, and clamored for his dismissal...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304000/outcome-based-approach-to-medical-education-towards-academic-programmes-accreditation-a-review-article
#17
Abdelmarouf H Mohieldein
The rapid change worldwide, as a consequence of advances in science and technology, necessitates the graduation of well-qualified graduates who have the appropriate knowledge and skills to fulfill specific work requirements. Hence, redesigning academic models by focusing on educational outcomes became the target and priority for universities around the world. In this systematic review we collected and retrieved literature using a selection of electronic databases. The objectives of this report is to: 1) provide an overview of the evolution of outcome-based education (OBE), (2) illustrate the philosophy and principle of OBE, (3) list the OBE advantages and benefits, (4) describe the assessment strategies used in OBE, and (5) discuss the role of teachers and students as key elements...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301365/preserving-the-legitimacy-of-board-certification
#18
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301006/pet-health-as-inducer-of-professional-education-to-unified-health-system
#19
Bárbara Cássia de Santana Farias-Santos, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
PET-Health is configured as a program developed by health courses guided by the principle Unified Health System (SUS), with the preceptorship of a professional from health public service. The aim of the research was to compare the performance between PET-Health undergraduate of Dentistry, Medical and Nursing courses by the results of National Student Performance Exam (ENADE) in 2010 with those who did not participate in the program. The study population consisted of 49,758 students, which 761 participated in PET-Health...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294382/the-role-of-morbidity-and-mortality-rounds-in-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Paul Benassi, Lindsey MacGillivray, Ivan Silver, Sanjeev Sockalingam
CONTEXT: There is increasing focus on how health care professionals can be trained effectively in quality improvement and patient safety principles. The morbidity and mortality round (MMR) has often been used as a tool with which to examine and teach care quality, yet little is known of its implementation and educational outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this scoping review are to examine and summarise the literature on how the MMR is designed and delivered, and to identify how it is evaluated for effectiveness in addressing medical education outcomes...
March 14, 2017: Medical Education
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