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Mv repair

Gaby Aphram, Laurent De Kerchove, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Emiliano Navarra, Silvia Solari, Saadallah Tamer, Jerome Baert, Alain Poncelet, Jean Rubay, Parla Astarci, Philippe Noirhomme, Gebrine El Khoury
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve (MV) repair is the gold standard for treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation. A variety of surgical techniques allow surgeons to achieve a high rate of MV repair even with MV diseases of other aetiologies. However, a certain number of repairs fail over time. The aim of this study was to review our single-centre experience of MV re-repair and analyse the mode of repair failure, re-repair safety and efficiency in relation to the initial aetiology. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2015, 91 patients underwent redo MV re-repair...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Hsiu-An Lee, Chun-Yu Lin, Yung-Chang Chen, Shao-Wei Chen, Yu-Yun Nan, Kuo-Sheng Liu, Meng-Yu Wu, Yu-Sheng Chang, Jaw-Ji Chu, Pyng-Jing Lin, Feng-Chun Tsai
The feasibility and durability of mitral valve (MV) repair in active infective endocarditis (IE) has been reported, but proper management of perioperative neurological complications and surgical timing remains uncertain and may crucially affect the outcome.In this single-center retrospective observational study, patients who underwent isolated MV surgery for active native IE in our institution between August 2005 and August 2015 were reviewed and analyzed. Patients who were operated on for healed IE or who required combined procedures were excluded from this study...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jonathan Rilinger, Claudia Heilmann, Ulrich Beitinger, Christoph B Olivier, Philipp Diehl, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Matthias Siepe
BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a frequent complication of coronary artery heart disease and is associated with increased mortality. Controversies exists whether patients with moderate IMR may benefit from a combined procedure with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and treatment of mitral regurgitation. METHODS: 451 patients with moderate IMR (grade 2) receiving either CABG alone (CABG only) or additional mitral valve repair or replacement (CABG+MV) were included in this observational single-centre study...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Rosemarijn Jansen, Kim Urgel, Maarten J Cramer, Egidius E H L van Aarnhem, Peter P M Zwetsloot, Pieter A Doevendans, Jolanda Kluin, Steven A J Chamuleau
Background: Clinical decision-making in symptomatic patients after mitral valve (MV) repair remains challenging as echocardiographic reference values are lacking. In native MV disease intervention is recommended for mean transmitral pressure gradient (TPG) >15 mmHg or systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) >60 mmHg at peak exercise. Insight into standard stress echo parameters after MV repair may therefore aid to clinical decision-making during follow-up. Hypothesis: Stress echocardiography derived parameters in asymptomatic patients after successful MV repair differ from current guidelines for native valves...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
Ali Eren, Hakan Atalar, Cemile Merve Seymen, Ferda Alpaslan Pınarlı, Gulnur Take Kaplanoglu, Sacit Turanlı
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define a sutureless peripheral nerve repair technique with a vein graft and bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSC) and compare it to epineural repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty Wistar Albino rats were divided into five groups evenly. In the control group (C), epineural repair was performed. In the SV (suture + vein) and MSV (BMSC + suture + vein) groups, epineural repair was wrapped with a vein graft. In the V (vein) and MV (vein + BMSC) groups, sutureless repair using a vein graft was performed by taking sutures away from the regeneration site...
March 1, 2018: Microsurgery
Naonori Kawamoto, Tomoyuki Fujita, Satsuki Fukushima, Yusuke Shimahara, Yuta Kume, Yorihiko Matsumoto, Kizuku Yamashita, Koko Asakura, Junjiro Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to analyse the impacts of functional mitral stenosis (MS) following mitral valve (MV) repair on late cardiac function and new onset of atrial fibrillation or survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 602 patients with mitral regurgitation who underwent MV repair for Type II dysfunction from 2001. Functional MS was diagnosed when the mean transmitral pressure gradient (MTPG) was ≥5 mmHg on postoperative echocardiography...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Paola Gripari, Massimo Mapelli, Ilaria Bellacosa, Concetta Piazzese, Maria Milo, Laura Fusini, Manuela Muratori, Sarah Ghulam Ali, Gloria Tamborini, Mauro Pepi
Successful mitral valve (MV) repair for degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR) is mainly related to surgical expertise and MV anatomy. Although 2D echocardiography, specifically transoesophageal (TOE), provides precise information regarding MV anatomy, recent advancements in matrix technology meant a decisive step forward to the point where segmental MV analysis can be accurately performed from a noninvasive 3D transthoracic (TTE) approach. The aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the feasibility and time required for real-time 3D TTE in a large consecutive cohort of patients with severe DMR in the assessment of MV anatomy; (b) to compare the accuracy of 3D TTE and 2D TOE versus surgical inspection in the recognition and localization of all components of the MV leaflets; (c) to establish the added diagnostic value of 3D colourDoppler examination to pure 3D morphologic evaluation...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Charles B Nyman, G Burkhard Mackensen, Srdjan Jelacic, Stephen H Little, Thomas W Smith, Feroze Mahmood
Percutaneous intervention for mitral valve (MV) disease has been established as an alternative to open surgical MV repair in patients with prohibitive surgical risk. Multiple percutaneous approaches have been described and are in various stages of development. Edge-to-edge leaflet plication with the MitraClip (Abbott, Menlo Park, CA) is currently the only Food and Drug Administration-approved device specifically for primary or degenerative lesions. Use of the edge-to-edge clip for secondary mitral regurgitation is currently under investigation and may result in expanded indications...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Tirone E David, Carolyn M David, Cedric Manlhiot
BACKGROUND: Heart valve surgery guidelines suggest that tricuspid valve annuloplasty may be beneficial in patients with a tricuspid annulus (TA) ≥40 mm even in the absence of functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) at the time of surgery for left-sided valve lesions (class 2a). Given the broad spectrum of degenerative diseases that affect the atrioventricular valves, we hypothesize that this measurement might not be predictive of TR after mitral valve (MV) repair. METHODS: The diameter of the TA was measured preoperatively in a cohort of 312 consecutive patients who had isolated MV repair for degenerative diseases...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
V A Sandrikov, T Y Kulagina, V A Ivanov, A S Krylov, A M Yatchenko, D R Кhadzhieva, A V Tsyganov, A V Gavrilov, I V Arkhipov
OBJECTIVE: to examine relationship between anatomical changes of the left ventricle (LV), dynamics of velocity of its volume modification, and blood flows in the LV in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) before and after surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included into this study 58 patients with severe 3-4 degree MR (38 men, 20 women aged 24-69 [mean age 51±9] years) in sinus rhythm (96 %) or atrial fibrillation (4 %). The control group included 86 healthy volunteers, mean age 39±7 years...
January 2018: Kardiologiia
Mehmet Emre Coskun, Kubra Acikalin Coskun, Yusuf Tutar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the optimum operating parameters (pulse duration, energy levels, and application time) to promote induction of osteoblast and fibroblast cell proliferation and to maintain cell viability treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT). BACKGROUND DATA: The positive effects of LIPUS and LLLT on cellular activity have been reported in recent years. Comparisons between experimental parameters of previous studies are difficult because scientific studies reported frequencies and the duty cycles of LIPUS and wavelengths and doses of LLLT in a wide range of parameters...
February 21, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Mehmet Akif Cakmak, Hakan Cinal, Ensar Zafer Barin, Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Harun Karaduman, Onder Tan
Free flaps based on static slings principles cannot provide esthetic and functional outcomes at a desired level in total or close to total lip loss. Therefore, dynamic methods have become a current issue in recent years and especially the idea of functional gracilis free muscle flap has been suggested. In this study, we present a case of a successful total lower lip repair with this flap.In a 78-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma involving the entire lower lip, bilateral modified radical neck dissection and full-thickness total resection with 1 cm surgical margin so as to include both commissures of the tumor were performed and then a free gracilis muscle flap was transferred from the same side...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Eva Maria Delmo Walter, Roland Hetzer
We report the techniques and long-term outcome of mitral valve (MV) repair to correct congenital mitral stenosis in children. Between 1986 and 2014, 137 children (mean age 4.1 ± 5.0, range 1 month-16.8 years) underwent repair of congenital mitral stenosis (CMS). In 48 patients, CMS is involved in Shone's anomaly. The typical congenital MS (type I) was seen in 56 patients. Hypoplastic MV (type II, n = 15) was associated with severe left ventricular outflow tract abnormalities and hypoplastic left ventricular cavity and muscle mass...
March 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
Vladimiro L Vida, Lorenza Zanotto, Massimiliano Carrozzini, Massimo A Padalino, Giovanni Stellin
Congenital mitral valve (MV) dysplasia is a relatively rare and highly complex cardiac disease. We sought to provide a comprehensive analysis of the current surgical techniques for treating mitral valve insufficiency and the results of mitral valve repair at our institution. Between 1972 and 2017, 104 consecutive patients underwent surgical repair of congenital MV dysplasia-insufficiency at our institution. Among these, 59 patients presented with MV insufficiency (or prevalent MV insufficiency) and were part of the study...
March 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
Yasunori Iwao, Izumi Tomiguchi, Ayaka Domura, Yusuke Mantaira, Akira Minami, Takashi Suzuki, Takashi Ikawa, Shin-Ichiro Kimura, Shigeru Itai
To develop a new strategy for inflamed site-specific drug delivery in the colon for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), we leveraged on the interaction between myeloperoxidase (MPO) and human serum albumin (HSA) and prepared nanoparticles (HSA NPs) conjugated with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). The 5-ASA-HSA NPs (nine molecules of 5-ASA per HSA molecule) were uniform particles with an average particle size of 190 nm, a zeta potential of -11.8 mV, and a polydispersity index of 0.35. This was considered a suitable particle characteristic to pass through the mucus layer and accumulate into the mucosa...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Andrea Colli, Laura Besola, Matteo Montagner, Danila Azzolina, Nicola Soriani, Erica Manzan, Eleonora Bizzotto, Fabio Zucchetta, Roberto Bellu, Demetrio Pittarello, Gino Gerosa
BACKGROUND: The transapical echo-guided NeoChord repair is a procedure to correct mitral regurgitation (MR) without the need for concomitant annuloplasty for degenerative mitral valve (MV) disease. Lacking strict criteria to define normal annular dimensions for patients undergoing MV repair, we consequently missed having precise selection criteria to identify patients who can benefit from a ringless procedure with respect to who would need a combined annular and leaflet repair. The aim of this study is to identify whether a new preoperative echocardiographic index may predict postoperative outcomes after NeoChord repair...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Andrea Colli, Laura Besola, Matteo Montagner, Nicola Soriani, Erica Manzan, Eleonora Bizzotto, Fabio Zucchetta, Danila Azzolina, Roberto Bellu, Cristiano Sarais, Demetrio Pittarello, Gino Gerosa
OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to investigate the acute intraoperative effects of the NeoChord repair procedure on mitral valve (MV) annular geometry and LV function and the impact of these changes on MR at 1-year follow-up. BACKGROUND: Recently transapical off-pump mitral valve repair with NeoChord implantation has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline and early postoperative 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography of 66 patients who underwent NeoChord repair for isolated posterior leaflet MV disease using semiautomatic off-line analysis software...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Wei Feng, Jinxia Xu, Linhua Jiang, Yingbin Song, Yalong Cao, Qiping Tan
To improve the repair effect of electrochemical chloride extraction, a modified electrode configuration is applied in this investigation. In this configuration, two auxiliary electrodes placed in the anodic and cathodic electrolytes were used as the anode and cathode, respectively. Besides this, the steel in the mortar was grounded to protect it from corrosion. By a comparative experiment, the potential evolution, various ions concentrations (Cl-, OH-, Na⁺, and K⁺) in different mortar depths, the corrosion potential, and the current density of the steel were measured...
February 1, 2018: Materials
Liang Zhuang, Fei Liu, Ping Peng, Huihua Xiong, Hong Qiu, Xiugen Fu, Zhiping Xiao, Xiaoyuan Huang
Cisplatin chemotherapy in combination with radiotherapy is the primary therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer; however, the underlying molecular mechanism for cisplatin radiosensitization remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Ku80, a DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair protein, on cisplatin radiosensitization in cervical cancer. The pre-established Ku80 suppression cervical cancer cell line HeLa/Ku80-siRNA and the normal HeLa cell line underwent 6 MV X-ray irradiation (6 Gy) individually or in combination with 5 µg/ml cisplatin treatment...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Hiroyuki Nishi, Koichi Toda, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Satsuki Fukushima, Daisuke Yoshioka, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: We assessed the mitral annular motion after mitral valve repair with the Sorin Memo 3D® (Sorin Group Italia S.r.L., Saluggia, Italy), which is a unique complete semirigid annuloplasty ring intended to restore the systolic profile of the mitral annulus while adapting to the physiologic dynamism of the annulus, using transesophageal real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. METHODS: 17 patients (12 male; mean age 60.4 ± 14.9 years) who underwent mitral annuloplasty using the Memo 3D ring were investigated...
January 17, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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